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field. The President referred to the public demand for reform in court proceedings and pointed out certain changes in the law which would make the administration of justice simpler, speedier and more certain.

The report of the Secretary was made by John F. Voigt, of Mattoon. In it he reviewed in a general way not only the work of the Illinois State Bar Association, but also the activities of the Bar Associations of the various states of the union.

The first day of the meeting was devoted to the discussion of the general principles of reform best adapted to the needs of the Illinois courts. This discussion was opened by Edgar B. Tolman, of Chicago, Chairman of the Committee on Law Reform. The report followed in a general way the recommendations of a similar committee of the American Bar Association. The outstanding recommendations of the report were that the rules of procedure should be made by the Supreme Court for the entire state, and that only general principles should be enacted into law by the legislature. This would make the procedure more flexible and more easily amended when experience shows where improvements can be made. Twenty-five lawyers, representing the various districts of Illinois, participated for ten minutes each in this discussion.

The report of the Committee on Law Reform, which represented the work of that committee for three or four years, was unanimously adopted by the Association and a committee appointed to endeavor to secure the enactment of the recommendations of this committee into law.

The annual address of the Association was delivered by William E. Higgins, of Lawrence, Kansas, who was a member of the committee who wrote the new Code of Civil Procedure for the State of Kansas; a code of procedure that is said by those who are familiar with it to be a model of simplicity and a distinct advance in this line of law.

The report of the Committee on Uniform State Laws was made by Albert D. Early, of Rockford. It reviewed the subject and stated briefly the states that had adopted uniform laws of various kinds. E. P. Williams, of Galesburg, read the report of the Committee on Legal History and Biography. Dean Oliver A.

Harker, of Urbana, made the report for the Committee on Legal Education. It takes firm ground for a more thorough education before beginning both the study and the practice of law. The exceedingly interesting meeting of the American Bar Association held at Milwaukee, in 1912, was reviewed by William R. Curran, of Pekin.

Herbert Harley, of Manistee, Michigan, read an address on the courts of Ontario. He showed that Ontario, a close neighbor of this country, has a much simpler practice in its courts than we have and pointed out how we could benefit in a large measure by a study of the procedure in Canadian courts.

Albert M. Kales, of Chicago, delivered an address on the English Judicature Act. He urged the adoption of many of its principles by the Bar of Illinois. It has been in force in England almost forty years, and is believed to be one of the best systems known for conducting proceedings in courts.

The meeting closed with a reception and banquet, at which the speakers were Governor Edward F. Dunne, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Frank K. Dunne; William McKinley, Speaker of the House of Representatives; former Lieutenant-Governor William A. Northcott, and Edgar B. Tolman, of the Chicago Bar. The new officers of the Illinois State Bar Association are Robert McMurdy, President, Chicago; John F. Voigt, SecretaryTreasurer, Mattoon.

IOWA STATE BAR ASSOCIATION.

The nineteenth annual session of the Iowa State Bar Association was held at Sioux City on June 26-27, 1913. The attendance at the meeting was one of the largest in the history of the Association, and more new members were elected than at any prior time.

The address of the President, Justice Horace E. Deemer, of the Supreme Court of Iowa, upon the subject of "Representative Government," dealt largely with the question of the recall of judges, and judicial decisions. The annual address was delivered by Judge Emory Speer, Judge of the Federal Court for the Southern District of Georgia, his subject being "Americanism

and American Judges." The address caused much comment among lawyers and judges all over the country because of Judge Speer's criticism of the espionage system claimed to be carried on by the Government with reference to federal judges.

Other papers were presented as follows: "The Life and Public Service of James Wilson," by Judge Walter I. Smith, of Council Bluffs; "The Law School and Its Duty to the State," by D. D. Murphy, of Elkader; "Criticising the Courts," by F. F. Faville, of Storm Lake.

A great part of the discussion of the session was upon the report of the Committee on Law Reform, the more important matters concerning matters of procedure, and reversals by the Supreme Court being defeated.

The annual banquet was largely attended, and the following toasts were given: "Leading Cases," by Justice W. S. Withrow, of Mt. Pleasant; " Progress and the Lawyer," by J. A. S. Pollard, of Fort Madison; "The Promise for the Lawyer," by S. W. Livingston, of Washington; "Returning to First Principles," by Simon Fleischmann, of Buffalo, N. Y.; " Law in the Making," by J. U. Sammis, of Sioux City; "Reminiscences," by Frederick M. Hubbell, of Des Moines.

THE BAR ASSOCIATION OF THE STATE OF KANSAS.

The thirtieth annual meeting of the Bar Association of the State of Kansas was held at Topeka, in the Supreme Court room, January 27-28, 1913. It was one of the best-attended meetings the Association ever held.

President J. D. McFarland delivered the President's annual address the first afternoon of the session. The subject was: "A Proposed Constitutional Amendment to Provide for Recall of Judicial Decisions." It was an able and exhaustive paper, which was much enjoyed by the lawyers in attendance.

The annual address was delivered by Walker D. Hines, of New York City; subject: "A Lack of Definite Individual Responsibility in Our Form of Government Is the Fundamental Cause of the Evils of Which the People Complain."

This address was given the evening of the first day, and was attended by a great many guests as well as by all the lawyers attending the meeting.

The view of the speaker tallied closely with the prevailing views of the best Kansas thought.

The Committee on Crimes and Criminal Procedure completed an important report, which has been carried on in one form or another for three years.

The Committee on Revision of the Statutes of the State reported, and on a vote nothing was done looking to a revision.

The Committee on Disbarment made a report, and with it a copy of a bill to be introduced in the legislature. This bill was afterwards presented and passed, just as prepared by the committee, and is now a law.

The remaining addresses were delivered as follows:

"The Ethics of the Profession," by W. H. Russell, LaCrosse; "The Uniformity of Laws," by A. M. Keene, of Fort Scott; "Law Suits vs. Law Business," by Henderson S. Martin, of Marion; "The Constitutional Guaranty of Freedom of Contract," by S. N. Hawkes, of Stockton; "The Trail of Common Law Procedure," by William R. Arthur, of Topeka; "Lobbying," by Earl W. Evans, of Wichita.

The next meeting will be held January 27-28, 1914.

KENTUCKY STATE BAR ASSOCIATION.

The twelfth annual meeting of the Kentucky State Bar Association was held at Olympian Springs, July 9, 10 and 11, 1913.

President Robert H. Winn delivered a strong address. The annual address was delivered by Joseph W. Bailey, of Texas, his subject being "The Initiative, the Referendum, and the Recall." The reports showed that the committees had been active during the year and some of the recommendations called forth prolonged discussion.

In addition to the above, papers were read by the following members of the Association on the subjects set out after each name: Hon. John D. Carroll, Judge of the Court of Appeals of Kentucky, "Why Cases Are Reversed, and Other Things "; S. S.

Willis, Ashland, "The Administration of the National Liability Law"; Robert L. Greene, Frankfort, "The Mechanical Side of Appellate Procedure "; Edmund F. Trabue, Louisville, " Contract Limitation of Carriers' Liability Under State and Federal Law"; T. Z. Morrow, Somerset, "Some Great Lawyers of Kentucky."

MAINE STATE BAR ASSOCIATION.

The eighteenth meeting of the Maine State Bar Association was held at the State House in Augusta, January 8, 1913.

The President, Oscar F. Fellows, delivered a short address upon the necessity of a revision and digest of judicial decisions.

Other addresses delivered were, "Admiralty," by Edward H. Blake; "The Need of a Law Court Distinct from Nisi Prius," by J. H. Montgomery; "The Law's Dispatch in Maine," by Mr. Justice Leslie C. Cornish; "Divorce," by Robert T. Whitehouse; "In Memory of Former Presidents Franklin A. Wilson and Herbert A. Heath," by Luere B. Deasy.

No important matters were acted upon and there was no recommendation to the legislature.

The meeting closed with a banquet in the evening at the Augusta House.

MARYLAND STATE BAR ASSOCIATION.

The eighteenth annual meeting of the Maryland State Bar Association was held at Cape May Hotel, Cape May, New Jersey, on July 1, 2 and 3, 1913. The President, Chief Judge A. Hunter Boyd, of the Maryland Court of Appeals, delivered an address entitled "Twenty Years on the Bench."

The following papers were read:

"The Government in the Transportation of Small Packages," by Hon. David J. Lewis, of Cumberland, Md.; "The Proposed Federal Income Tax Laws," by Hon. A. Mitchell Palmer, of Pennsylvania; "The Case of the King versus Raleigh," by Judge Hammond Urner, of Frederick, Md.; "Sources of Maryland Testamentary Laws," by Edgar H. Gans, Esq., of Baltimore, Md.

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