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The Committee on Education and Admission to the Bar, among other things, submitted for the consideration of the Association. the advisability of permitting women to the practice in this state.

The Committee on Judicial Administration submitted for consideration suggestions with a view to the prevention of delay in criminal cases; relieving congestion in the docket in the Civil Court, and excluding irrelevant and extraneous matters from the record on appeal.

The Association instructed the Committee on Legislation to bring the question of increase of the salaries of the Judges to the attention of the General Assembly; and also went on record as being in harmony with the committee of the American Bar Association in its efforts to bring about uniform procedure in the United States Courts.

The Association appropriated the sum of $100 for the restoration and maintenance of the John Marshall home in Richmond, Virginia.

Hon. Richard C. Watts, an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of South Carolina, addressed the Association, taking for his subject, "Salaries of Circuit Judges."

The following papers were read: "Federal Questions," by Arthur L. Gaston, of Chester; "The Commonwealth vs. Ignorance," by George B. Cromer, of Newberry.

BAR ASSOCIATION OF TENNESSEE.

The thirty-second annual meeting of the Bar Association of Tennessee was held at Memphis on June 25-26, 1913. President Albert W. Biggs, of Memphis, delivered the President's annual address, and after communicating the most noteworthy changes in the statute law on points of general interest made in this state and by Congress during the preceding year, the address was enlarged to an able, interesting and instructive discussion of the paternalism of our Government. Numerous interesting examples were given showing many additions to the powers of the Central Government, state and national, and a departure from the theory upon which our Government was originally founded,

namely, "that the best government is the one where there is the least interference by the state with the citizen consistent with law and order, and the security of person and property," with the constantly growing attitude of the people and of the individual citizen towards the government as his agent and the instrument of all the people, so that the government is now called upon to do for the individual that which he either cannot do for himself at all, or cannot do so well as can be done for him by it."

Hon. L. D. Smith, of Knoxville, as Chairman of the Committee on Judicial Administration and Remedial Procedure, presented a report recommending radical changes in practice and procedure in the state courts. Because of the importance of these recommendations, the report of this committee was ordered published and distributed at once to all members of the Association, and a special committee was appointed to consider the report and make recommendations in regard thereto at the next annual meeting.

The following very interesting and able addresses were delivered: "Who Was Thomas Jefferson?" by Dr. William M. Thornton, of the University of Virginia; "The Law of Aerial Navigation," by Hon. Blewett Lee, of Chicago, Illinois; "The City and the Railroads," by Hon. Thomas M. Pierce, of St. Louis, Missouri; "Influence of John Marshall on American Jurisprudence," by Hon. John Bell Keeble, of Nashville, Tennessee; "The Judiciary, the Servant of the People," by Hon. Rome C. Brown, of Minneapolis, Minnesota, and "The New Federal Equity Rules," by Judge Edward T. Sanford, of Knoxville.

UTAH STATE BAR ASSOCIATION.

The third semi-annual meeting of the Utah State Bar Association was held at the Commercial Club, Salt Lake City, on April 19, 1913.

Hon. John E. Booth, of Provo, delivered an address on "The Early Bench and Bar." W. S. Dalton, of Salt Lake City, spoke on "Billy Clubs and Other Bills." Brief addresses on early conditions surrounding the practice of law in the Territory of Utah

were made by Judges Morris L. Ritchie and Thomas D. Lewis, of the Third Judicial District Court.

The fifteenth annual meeting of the Utah State Bar Association was held at Pinecrest Inn, Immigration Canyon, Salt Lake County. The President's address was delivered by President H. II. Henderson and dealt chiefly with certain doctrines of the common law which are inapplicable to modern conditions.

Hon. Frank S. Dietrich, United States District Judge for the District of Idaho, read a paper entitled "Present Governmental Tendencies." Mr. Frank E. Holman, dean of the Law School of the University of Utah, addressed the Association on the subject, "The Inns of Court."

Parley L. Williams, C. S. Varian and L. L. Baker were elected as delegates, and I. E. Willey, C. B. Jack and H. H. Henderson as alternates to the annual meeting of the American Bar Association at Montreal, Canada.

The following officers were elected: Herbert R. Macmillan, Salt Lake City, President; C. A. Badger, Salt Lake City, Secretary; Leland B. Swaner, Salt Lake City, Treasurer.

VERMONT BAR ASSOCIATION.

The Vermont Bar Association held its thirty-sixth annual meeting at Montpelier on October 7, 1913.

Hon. Clarke C. Fitts, President, delivered his address, treating the following suggestions: Proposals of new methods to expedite and lessen expense of litigation; no discussion in the trial court on objections to or offers of testimony; exhibits proposed to be used at a trial should be marked for identification at recess time, to obviate taking up time during trial; no case should be reversed in Supreme Court unless it affirmatively appear that an error, if made on trial, was prejudicial to the losing party and that a new trial would bring about a different result; if error in the trial court only affected the question of damages, the case, if retried, should be de novo, but only be retried on question of damages.

The suggestions of the President were along the lines of cutting off all surplusage in the trial of cases so as to minimize the

time of trial. All cases should be tried the first term after entry, or, if continued, should be on terms as to the party seeking delay.

Under our Constitution the President's address is the annual address.

Committee on Jurisprudence and Law Reform urged action by this Association to get in line on all matters proposed by the American Bar Association tending toward reform.

Committee on Professional Conduct sought a constitutional amendment enlarging the scope of committee's duties as to investigation of and action in all alleged unprofessiona conduct, whether by a member of the Association or an attorney not a member. Accepted and ordered to lie for adoption at the next meeting in the summer.

The following officers were elected: President, John W. Rowell, of Randolph; Vice-Presidents, Charles D. Watson, St. Albans, and Ernest W. Gibson, Brattleboro; Secretary and Librarian, John H. Mimms, Burlington; Treasurer, E. M. Harvey, Montpelier.

VIRGINIA STATE BAR ASSOCIATION.

The Virginia State Bar Association held its twenty-fifth annual meeting at the Hot Springs, Virginia, July 29-31, 1913. The President, William M. Lile, dean of the law department of the University of Virginia, delivered an interesting and instructive address on "The Exaltation of Secondary Authority," in which he dwelt upon the modern tendency in Bench and Bar to rely upon secondary authority, such as digests, encyclopedias and textbooks, instead of going to the original sources of the law, the adjudged cases; and called attention to the resultant effect on the law as stated by the courts and the clearness of legal principles in the minds of the lawyers.

The annual address was delivered by Hampton L. Carson,. of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, former Attorney-General of Pennsylvania and now President of the Bar Association of that State. The subject of Mr. Carson's address was "The Place Occupied by the Judiciary in Our American Constitutional Sys

tem," and proved to be one of the most scholarly, interesting and instructive that has ever been delivered before the Association.

The Committee on Legislation and Law Reform reported favorably a resolution, which was adopted, calling for an amendment to the State Constitution extending the bi-annual session of the legislature from sixty to ninety days. The Committee on Reform of Judicial Procedure recommended that the plan adopted by the American Bar Association for securing reform of Judicial Procedure in the United States Courts be adopted by the legis lature of Virginia, and reported favorably a resolution, which was adopted, urging the legislature to place the reform of judicial procedure in the hands of the Supreme Court of Appeals.

From the Committee of Legal Education and Admission to the Bar came a valuable report, which provoked an important and instructive debate, recommending that the Board of Law Examiners be requested to extend the semi-annual examinations over two days, instead of one as heretofore; to divide each day of examination into two periods; to fix in advance the subjects upon which the examination would be held at each period, and to allow the applicant a certificate for each period upon which he made the pass mark, which would prevent the necessity of his standing again an examination upon those subjects if he should fail upon the examination as a whole. These recommendations were adopted, and the Board of Examiners expressed their willingness to comply with the request.

Heretofore it has been customary to have at least three papers read before the Association by members upon subjects of their own selection, but this year a departure was made from this custom and it was determined to select the subject of "Tax Reform in Virginia" as a topic for general discussion. The members were notified of the fact some months in advance of the meeting and were requested to come prepared to enter into the discussion. Hon. R. E. Byrd, ex-Speaker of the House of Delegates, was selected to lead the discussion, which he did in a very able paper, and an interesting general debate then took place, which resulted in the adoption of a resolution calling upon the legislature to adopt a plan of equalization of assessments which will give the

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