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This Ipswich fellow's insolence; or proclaim,
There's difference in no persons.

Nor. Be advis'd;
Heat not a furnace for your foe so hot
That it do finge yourself: We may out-run,
By violent swiftness, that which we run at,
And lose by over-running. Know you not,
The fire, that mounts the liquor 'till it run o'er,
In seeming to augment it, wastes it? Be advis'd ;
I say again, there is no English soul
More stronger to direct you than yourself;
If with the sap of reason you would quench,
Or but allay, the fire of passion.

Buck. Sir,
I am thankful to you; and I'll go along
By your prescription :— but this top-proud fellow,
(Whom from the flow of gall I name not, but
From” sincere inotions) by intelligence,
And proofs as clear as founts in July, when
We see each grain of gravel, I do know
To be corrupt and treasonous.

Nor. Say not, treasonous.
Buck. To the king l'il fay't ; and make my

vouch as strong As shore of rock. Attend. This holy fox, Or wolf, or both, (for he is equal ravenous, As he is fubtle; and as prone to mischief, As able to perform't: ' his mind and place

Infect

* Heat not a furnace &c.] Might not Shakespeare allude to Dan. iii. 22 ? “ Therefore because the king's commandment was urgent, and the furnace exceeding hot, the flame of fire few those men that took up Shadrach, Meshac, and Abednego."

STEEVENS. -fincere motions,)- ) Honest indignation ; warmth of in. tegrity. Perhaps name not, should be blame not. Whom from the flow of gall I blame not. JOHNSON.

bis mind and place Infecting one another, ]

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Infecting one another, yea, reciprocally)
Only to thew his pomp as well in France
As here at home, a suggests the king our master
To this last costly treaty, the interview,
That swallow'd so much treasure, and like a glass
Did break i'the rinsing.

Nor. 'Faith, and so it did.
Buck. Pray, give me favour, fir. This cunning

cardinal
The articles o' the combination drew,
As himself pleas’d; and they were ratify’d,
As he cry'a, Thus let be: to as much end,
As give a crutch to the dead : But our court cardinal?
Has done this, and 'tis well; for worthy Wolsey,
Who cannot err, he did it. Now this follows,
(Which, as I take it, is a kind of puppy
To the old dam, treason)-Charles the emperor,
Under pretence to see the queen his aunt,
(For 'twas, indeed, his colour ; but he came
To-whisper Wolsey) here makes visitation :
His fears were, that the interview, betwixt
England and France, might, through their amity,
Breed him some prejudice; for from this league
Peep'd harms that menac'd him: He privily
Deals with our cardinal; and, as I trow,-
Which I do well; for, I am sure, the emperor
Pay'd ere he promis'd; whereby his suit was granted,
Ere it was ask'd-but when the way was made,
And pav'd with gold, the emperor thus desir'd ;-
That he would please to alter the king's course,
And break the foresaid peace. Let the king know,

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This is very satirical. His mind he represents as highly corrupt;
and yet he supposes the contagion of the place of first minister as
adding an infection to it. WARBURTON.
suggests the king our master] Suggests, for excites.

WARBURTON.
our court cardinal.] The old

copy

reads :
count cardinal, which may be right. 'STEEVENS.

3

(As

(As soon he shall by me) that thus the cardinal
Does buy and sell his honour as he pleases,
And for his own advantage.

Nor. I am sorry
To hear this of him; and could wish, he were
Something mistaken in't.

Buck. No, not a syllable;
I do pronounce him in that very shape,
He shall appear in proof.

Enter Brandon ; a Serjeant at arms before him, and two

or three of the guard.
Bran. Your office, ferjeant ; execute it.

Serj. Sir,
My lord the duke of Buckingham, and earl
Of Hereford, Stafford, and Northampton, I
Arrest thee of high treason, in the name
Of our most sovereign king.

Buck. Lo you, my lord,
The net has fallen upon me; I shall perish
Under device and practice.

Bran. 4 I am sorry
To see you ta’en from liberty, to look on
The business present : 'Tis his highness' pleasure,
You shall to the Tower.

Buck. It will help me nothing, To plead mine innocence ; for that dye is on me, Which makes my whitest part black. The will of

heaven Be done in this and all things !-I obeyO my lord Aberga'ny, fare you well.

4 I am sorry

To see you ta'en from liberty, to look on

The business present :-) I am sorry that I am obliged to be present and an eye-witneks of your loss of liberty. Johnson,

Bran.

Bran. Nay, he must bear you company :- The king

[To Aberg. Is pleas’d, you shall to the Tower, 'till you know How he determine's further.

Aber. As the duke said,
The will of heaven be done, and the king's pleasure
By me obey'd.

Bran. Here is a warrant from
The king, to attach lord Montácute; and the bodies
Of the duke's confeffor, John de la Court",
6 One Gilbert Peck, his chancellor,-

Buck. So, fo ;
These are the limbs of the plot : No more, I hope.

Bran. A monk o'the Chartreux.
Buck. O, ? Nicholas Hopkins ?
Bran. He.
Buck. My surveyor is false; the o'er-great cardinal
Hath Thew'd him gold : 8 my life is spann'd already:
I am the shadow of poor Buckingham';

Whose

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$ John de la Court,] The name of this monk of the Chartreux was John de la Car, alias de la Court. See Holinshed, p. 863.

STEEVENS. 6 One Gilbert Peck, his counsellor.] So, the old copies have it, but I, from the authorities of Hall and Holinshed, chang'u it to chancellor. And our poet himself, in the beginning of the second act, vouches for this correction :

At which; appear'd against him hiç surveyor,

Sir Gilbert Peck his chancellor. THEOBALD. Holinfhed calls this person, “Gilbert Perke priest, the duke's chancellor." STEEVENS.

; Michael Hopkins.] So all the old copies had it; and fo Mr. Rowe and Mr. Pope from them. But here again, by the help of the chronicles, I have given the true reading. THEOBALD.

my life is spann'd already :] To span is to gripe, or inclose in the hand; to span is also to measure by the palm and fingers. The meaning, therefore, may either be, that hold is taken of my life, my life is in the gripe of my enemies; or, that my time is meaJured, the length of my life is now determined. Johnson.

I am the shadow of poor Buckingham ;
Whofe figure even this inftant cloud puts on,

By dark ning my clear fun.
VOL, VII,

These

8

1

Whose figure even this instant cloud puts on,
By dark’ning my clear sun.--My lord, farewel.

[Exeunt. These lines have passed all the editors. Does the reader understand them? By me they are inexplicable, and must be left, I fear, to some happier fagacity. If the usage of our author's time could allow figure to be taken, as now, for dignity or importance, we might read:

Whose figure even this inftant cloud puts out. But I cannot please myself with any conjecture.

Another explanation may be given, somewhat harsh, but the best that occurs to me:

I am the shadow of poor Buckingham,

Whose figure even this inftant cloud puts on, whose port and dignity is affumed by this cardinal, that overclouds and oppresses me, and who gains my place

By dark’ning my clear fun. JOHNSON.
Perhaps Shakespeare has expressed the same idea more clearly in
the Two Gentlemen of Verona, Antony and Cleopatra, and King
John:

" Oh, how this spring of love resembeleth
" Th’uncertain glory of an April day,
". Which now shews all the beauty of the sun,

66 And, by and by, a cloud takes all away.Antony remarking on the various appearances assumed by the flying vapours, adds :

now thy captain is
6. Even such a body: here I am Antony,

" But cannot hold this visible shape, my knave." Or yet more appofitely in King John:

-being but the shadow of your son " Becomes a fun, and makes your

fon a shadow." Such another thought appears in the famous Hift. of Tho. Stukely, 1605 :

He is the substance of my fhadowed love.". There is likewise a passage similar to the conclusion of this, in the Bloody Brother of Beaumont and Fletcher :

is drawn so high, that, like an ominous comet, “ He darkens all your light," STEEVENS.

SCENE

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