Not ours, or not allow'd ; 4 what worst, as oft,
Hitting a grosser quality, is cry'd up
For our best act. If we shall stand still,
In fear our motion will be mock'd or carp'd at,
We should take root here where we fit, or fit
State statues only.

King, Things done well,
And with a care, exempt themselves from fear;
Things done without example, in their issue
Are to be fear'd. Have you a precedent
Of this commission ? I believe, not any.
We must not rend our sùbjects from our laws,
And stick them in our will

. Sixth part of each? A trembling contribution! Why, we take, s From every tree, lop, bark, and part o’ the timber i And, though we leave it with a root, thus hack’d, The air will drink the fap. To every county, Where this is question’d, send our letters, with Free pardon to each man that has deny'd The force of this commission : Pray, look to't ; I put it to your care. Wol. A word with you.

[To the Secretary Let there be letters writto ever fhire, Of the king's grace and pardon. 'The griev'd com.


Hardly conceive of me; let it be nois?d,
That, through our interceffion', this revokement

what worst, as oft, Hitting a grofjer quality, -] The worst actions of great men are commended by the vulgar, as more accommodated to the grofinets of their notions. Jounson.

5. From every tree, lop, bark, and part o’the timber ;] Lop is a substantive, and signifies the branches. WARBURTON.

6 That through our intercoljion, &c.] So, in Holinshed, p. 892: 5. The cardinali, to deliver himself from the evill will of the commons, purchased by procuring and advancing of this demand, affirmed, and caused it to be bruted abrode that through his intera cespon the king had pardoned and released all things.” STEEVENS.


And pardon comes : I shall anon advise you
Further in the proceeding:

Exit Secretary,

Enter Surveyor,
Queen, I am forry, that the duke of Buckingham
Is run in your displeasure,

King. It grieves many :
The gentleinan is learn'd?, a most rare speaker,
To nature none more bound ; his training fuch,
That he may furnish and instruct great teachers,
And never seek for aid ' out of himself. Yet see,
When these so 'noble benefits shall prove
Not well dispos'd, the mind growing once corrupt,
They turn to vicious forms, ten times more ugly
Than ever they were fair. This man, fo compleat,





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7 The gentleman is learn'd, &c.] It appears from “ The Pro-
logue of the translatour," that the Knyght of the Swanne, a
French romance, was translated at the request of this unfortunate
nobleman. Copland the printer, adds," this present history
compyled, named Helyas the Knight of the Swanne, of whom
linially is descended my faid lord." The duke was executed on
Friday the 17th of May, 1521. The book has no date.

8-out of himself.] Beyond the treasures of his own
mind. Johnson .

-noble benefits
Not well dispos’d, -]
Great gifts of nature and education, not joined with good difpo.
fitions. JOHNSON

This man, so compleat,
Who was enroll d’mongst wonders, and when we,
Almost with liftning ravishd, could not find

His hour of speech, a minute; he, my lady, &c.]
This sentence is broken and confused, though, with the allow-
ances always to be made to our authour, it may be understood.
Yet it may be proper to examine the old edition, which gives it
thus :

- and when
Almost with ravish'd lift’oing

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Who was enrolld ’mongst wonders, and when we,
Almost with ravish'd lift'ning, could not find
His hour of speech a minute ; he, my lady,
Hath into monstrous habits


That once were his, and is become as black ?
As if besmear'd in hell. Sit by us; you shall hear
(This was his gentleman in trust) of him
Things to strike honour fad.--Bid him recount
The fore-recited practices; whereof
We cannot feel too little, hear too much.
Wol. Stand forth ; and with bold spirit relate what

you, Most like a careful subject, have collected Out of the duke of Buckingham.

King. Speak freely.

Sury. First, it was usual with him, every day
It would infect his speech, That if the king
Should without issue die, he'd carry it so
To make the scepter his : These very words
I have heard him utter to his son-in-law,
Lord Aberga'ny ; to whom by oath he menaç'd
Revenge upon the cardinal.

Wol. Please your highness, note

I know not whether we may not read;

this man

Who was enrolld with wonder, and whom we
Almost were raviß'd listening, could not find

His hour of speech a minute. To listen a man, for, to hearken to him, is commonly used by our authour. So, by Milton :

" I listen'd them a while." I do not rate my conjecture at much; but as the common read, ing is without authority, something may be tried. Perhaps the passage is best as it was originally published, Johnson.

is become as black As if besmear'd in bell.] So, in Othello :

Her name, that was as fresh
As Dian's visage, is now begriind and black
" As mine own face," STEEVENS,


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3 This dangerous conception in this point.
Not friended by his with, to your high person
His will is moft malignant; and it stretches
Beyond you, to your friends.

Queen. My learn'd lord cardinal,
Deliver all with charity,

King, Speak on :
How grounded he his title to the crown,
Upon our fail to this point hast thou heard him
At any timę speak ought ?

Surv. He was brought to this
* By a vain prophecy of Nicholas Hopkins.

King. What was that Hopkins ?

Surv. Sir, a Chartreux friar,
His confeffor ; who fed him every minute
With words of sovereignty.

King. How know'st thou this?

Surv. Not long before your highness sped to France,
The duke being at the Rose, within the parish
Saint Lawrence Poultney, did of me demand
What was the speech among the Londoners
Concerning the French journey : I reply'd,


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3 This dangerous conception in this point.] Note this particular part of this dangerous defign, Johnson. 4 By a vain prophecy of Nicholas Hopkins.] In former editions :

a vain prophecy of Nicholas Herton. We heard before, from Brandon, of one Nicholas Hopkins; and now his name is changed into Henton; so that Brandon and the surveyor seem to be in two stories. There is, however, but one and the fame person meant, Hopkins; as I have restored it in the text, for perspicuity's fake : yet will it not be any difficulty to account for the other name, when we come to consider, that he was a monk of the convent, call'd Henton, near Bristol. So both Hall and Holinshed acquaint us. And he might, according to the custom of these times, be called Nicholas of Henton, from the place; as Hopkins from his family. THEOBALD.

This mistake, as it was undoubtedly made by Shakespeare, is worth a note. It would be doing too great an honour to the players to suppose them capable of being the authors of it. STEEVENS,


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Men fear'd, the French would prove perfidious,
To the king's danger. Presently the duke
Said, 'Twas the fear, indeed ; and that he doubted,
'Twould prove the verity of certain words
Spoke by a holy monk; that oft, says he,
Hath sent to me, wishing me to permit
John de la Court, my chaplain, a choice hour
To hear from him a matter of some moment :
Whom after s under the confeffion's seal
He solemnly had sworn, that, what he spoke,
My chaplain to no creature living, but
To me, should utter, with demure confidence
This pausingly ensu'd, -Neither the king nor his heirs,
(Tell you the duke) shall prosper : bid him strive
For the love' of the commonalty ; the duke
Shall govern England. -

Queen, If I know you well,
You were the duke's surveyor, and loft
On the complaint o'the tenants : Take good heed,
You charge not in your spleen a noble person,
And spoil your nobler soul ; I say, take heed;
Yes, heartily beseech you.

King. Let him on :
Go forward.

Surv. On my soul, I'll speak but truth.
I told my lord the duke, By the devil's illusions

your office

under the commission's seal He folemnly bad worn, -] So, all the editions down from the very beginning. But what commision's seal? That is a question, I dare say, none of our diligent editors ever asked themselves. The text must be restored, as I have corrected it; and honest Holinshed, from whom our author took the substance of this passage, may be called in as a teflimony.-" The duke in talk told the monk, that he had done very well to bind his chaplain, John de la Court, under the seal of confeffion, to keep secret such matter.”. Vid. Life of Hen. VIII. p. 863. 'THEOBALD.

. For the love] The old copy reads - To the love. STEEVENS,


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