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Dutch. Who hath committed them?
Mes. The mighty dukes, Glofter, and Bucking-

ham.
Queen. - For what offence ?

Mef. The sum of all I can, I have disclos'd;
Why, or for what, the nobles were committed,
Is all unknown to me, my gracious lady.

Queen. Ah me, I see the ruin of my house !
The tyger now hath seiz'd the gentle hind;
Insulting tyranny begins to jut
Upon the innocent and awless throne :-
Welcome destruction, blood, and massacre !
I see, as in a map, the end of all.

Dutchi Accursed and unquiet wrangling days !
How many of you have mine eyes beheld ?
My husband lost his life to get the crown;
And often up and down my sons were toft,
For me to joy, and weep, their gain, and loss :
And being feated, and domestick broils
Clean over-blown, themselves, the conquerors,
Make war upon themselves; brother to brother,
Blood to blood, self against self :-0, preposterous
And frantick outrage, end thy damned spleen;
7 Or let me die, to look on death no more !

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4 For what effence?] This question is given to the archbishop in former copies, but the messenger plainly speaks to the queen or dutchess. Johnso

6awless-] Not producing awe, not reverenced. To jut upon is to encroach. JOHNSON,

? Or let me die, to look on earth no more.], This is the reading of all the copies, from the first edition put out by the players, down. wards. But Í have restored the reading of the old quarto in 1597, which is copied by all the other authentic quartos, by which the thought is finely and properly improved.

Or let me die, to look on death no more. THEOBALD.
This quarto printed in 1597 I have never seen, neither was it
in Theobald's collection of the old copies, which the late Mr.
Tonson poflefled entire. STEEVENS.

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Queen. Come, come, my boy, we will to fanc.

tuary Madam, farewel.

Dutch. Stay, I will go with you.
Queen. You have no cause.

Arch. My gracious lady, go,
And thither bear your treasure and your goods.
For my part, I'll resign unto your grace
The seal I keep; And so betide to me,
As well I tender you, and all of yours !
Come, I'll conduct you to the sanctuary. (Exeunt.

ACT III.

SCENE I.

In London.

The trumpets found. Enter the Prince of Wales, the

Dukes of Gloster and Buckingham, Cardinal Bourchier, and others.

Buck. Welcome, sweet prince, to London, Sto

your chamber. Glo. Welcome, dear cousin, my thoughts' sove

reign : The weary way hath made you melancholy.

Prince. No, uncle; but our crosses on the way Have made it tedious, wearisome, and heavy : I want more uncles here to welcome me. Glo. Sweet prince, the untainted virtue of your

years

8

to your chamber.] London was anciently called Camer regia. Pope.

So, in Heywood's If you know not me you know Nobody, 1633 : 2d Part: " This city, our great chamber," STEEVENS.

Hath

Hath not yet div'd into the world's deceit :
No more can you diftinguish of a man,
Than of his outward Thew; which, God he knows,
Seldom, or never, jumpeth with the heart 9.
Those uncles, which you want, were dangerous;
Your grace attended to their sugar'd words,
But look'd not on the poison of their hearts :
God keep you from them, and from such falfe

friends!
Prince. God keep me from false friends! but they

were none.

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Gl. My lord, the mayor of London comes to

greet you.

1

you all.

Enter the Lord Mayor, and his train.
Mayor. God bless your grace with health and hapa

py days!
Prince. I thank you, good my lord ;-and thank
I thought, my mother, and my brother York,
Would long ere this have met us on the way :
Fie, what a flug is Hastings ! that he comes not
To tell us, whether they will come, or no.

Enter Hastings.
Buck. And, in good time', here comes the sweating

lord.
Prince. Welcome, my lord: What, will our mo-

ther come?
Haft

. On what occasion, God he knows, not I, The queen your mother, and your brother York, Have taken fanctuary : The tender prince

jumpeth with the heart :] So, in Soliman and Perfeda: “ Wert thou my friend, thy mind would jump with mine."

STEEVENS, in good time, ] A la bonne heure. Fr, STEEVENS. F 2

Would

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Would fain have come with me to meet your grace, But by his mother was perforce withheld.

Buck. Fie! what an indirect and peevish course Is this of hers ?- Lord cardinal, will your grace Persuade the queen to send the duke of York Unto his princely brother presently? If the deny, lord Hastings, you go with him, And from her jealous armis pluck him perforce.

Card. My lord of Buckinghain, if my weak oratory Can from his mother win the duke of York, Anon expect hiin here : But if the be obdurate To mild entreaties, God in heaven forbid We should infringe the holy privilege Of blessed sanctuary ! not for all this land, Would I be guilty of so deep a fin.

Buck. You are too senseless-obstinate, my lord, 2 Too ceremonious, and traditional : 3. Weigh, it but with the grossness of this age,

? Too ceremonious, and traditional :) Ceremonious for supersti. tious ; traditional for adherent to old customs. WARBURTON.

3 Weigh it but with the grossness of this age,] But the more gross, that is, the more superstitious the age was, the stronger would he the imputation of violated fanctuary. The question, we fee by what follows, is whether sanctuary could be claimed by an infant. The speaker resolves it in the negative, because it could be claimed by those only whole actions neceffitated them to fly thi. ther; or by those who had an understanding to demand it; nei. ther of which could be an infant's case: It is plain then, the first line, which introduces this reasoning, should be read thus :

Weigh it but with the greenness of his age, i. e. the young duke of York's, whom his mother had fled with to fanctuary. The corrupted reading of the old quarto is fomea thing nearer the true :

the greatness of his age. WARBURTON. This emendation is received by Hanmer, and is very plausible; yet the common reading may stand:

Weigh it but with the grossness of this age,

You break not sanctuary, That is, compare the act of seizing him with the gross and licentious practices of these times, it will not be considered as a viola. tion of sanctuary, for you may give such reasons 'as men are now used to admit. 'JOHNSON,

You

You break not sanctuary in seizing him.
The benefit thereof is always granted
To those whose dealings have deserv'd the place,
And those who have the wit to claim the place :
This prince hath neither claim'd it, nor deserv'd it;
Therefore, in mine opinion, cannot have it :
Then, taking him from thence, that is not there,
Your break no privilege nor charter there.
Oft have I heard of sanctuary men +;
But sanctuary children, ne'er 'till now.
Card. My lord, you fall o'er-rule my mind for

once.
Come on, lord Hastings, will you go with me?

Haf. I go, my lord.
Prince. Good lords, make all the speedy hafte you

may. [Exeunt Cardinal, and Hastings.
Say, uncle Glofter, if our brother come,
Where shall we sojourn 'till our coronation ?

Glo. Where it seems beft unto your royal self,
If I may counsel you, some day, or two,
Your highness shall repose you at the Tower :
Then where you please, and shall be thought most fit
For
your

best health and recreation,
Prince. I do not like the Tower, of any place :
Did Julius Cæfar build that place, my lord?

Glo. He did, my gracious lord, begin that place;
Which, since, succeeding ages have re-edify'd.

Prince. Is it upon record or else reported
Successively from age to age, he built it?

Buck. Upon record, my gracious lord.

Prince. But say, my lord, it were not register'd; Methinks, the truth should live from age to age,

4 Oft have I heard of fanctuary men ; &c.] These arguments against the privilege of sanctuary are taken from fir Tho. More's Life of K. Edward the Fifth, published by Stowe: “ And verily, I have often heard of fanctuary men, but I never beard eart of sanctuary children, &c." STEEVENS

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