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York. You mean, to bear me, not to bear with
Uncle, my brother mocks both you and me;
3 Because that I am little like an ape,
He thinks that you should bear me on your shoulders.
Buck. With what a sharp-provided wit he reasons !
To mitigate the scorn he gives his uncle,
He prettily and aptly taunts himself :
So cunning, and so young, is wonderful.
Glo. My lord, will't please you pass along?
Myself, and my good cousin Buckingham,
Will to your mother ; to entreat of her,
To meet you at the Tower, and welcome you.
York. What, will you go unto the Tower, my lord?
Prince. My lord protector needs will have it fo.
York. I shall not sleep in quiet at the Tower.
Glo. Why, what should you fear ?
York, Marry, my uncle Clarence' angry ghost;
My grandam told me, he was murther'd there,
Prince. I fear no uncles dead.
Glo. Nor none that live, I hope.
Prince. An if they live, I hope, I need not fear.
But come, my lord, and, with a heavy heart,
Thinking on them, go I unto the Tower.
[Exeunt Prince, York, Hastings, Cardinal and attendants.
Buck. Think you, my lord, this little prating
Was not incensed by his subtle mother,
To taunt and scorn you this opprobriously?
3 Because that I am little like an ape,] The reproach seems to
confist in this : at country shews it was common to set the mon-
key on the back of some other animal, as a bear. The duke
therefore, in calling himself ape, calls his uncle bear. JOHNSON.
To this custom there seems to be an allusion in Ben Jonson's
Mafque of Gyphes :
"A gypsy in his shape,
66. More calls the beholder,
66 Than the fellow with the ape,
* Or the ape on his shoulder." STEVENS,
Glo. No doubt, no doubt : 0, 'tis a parlous boy ;
Bold, quick, ingenious, forward, capable ;
He's all the mother's, from the top to toe.
Buck. Well, let them reft.--Come hither, Catesby;
thou art sworn
As deeply to effect what we intend,
As closely to conceal what we impart :
Thou know'st our reasons urg'd upon the way ;-
What think'st thou ? is it not an easy matter
To make William lord Hastings of our mind,
For the instalment of this noble duke
In the seat royal of this famous ifle ?
Cates. He for his father's sake so loves the prince,
That he will not be won to aught against him.
Buck, What think'st thou then of Stanley ? will
not he? Cates. He will do all in all as Hastings doth. Buck. Well then, no more but this : Go, gentle
And, as it were far off, found thou lord Hastings,
How he doth stand affected to our purpose;
And summon him to-morrow to the Tower,
To fit about the coronation.
If thou doft find himn tractable to us,
Encourage him, and tell him all our reasons :
If he be leaden, icy, cold, unwilling,
Be thou so too; and so break off the talk,
And give us notice of his inclination :
For we to-morrow hold ' divided councils,
Wherein thyself shalt highly be employ’d.
Glo. Commend me to lord William : tell him,
His ancient knot of dangerous adversaries
To-morrow are let blood at Pomfret-castle;
divided councils,] That is, a private consultation, feparate from the known and publick council. So, in the next scene, Hastings says : Bid bim not fear the separated councils. JOHNSON.
And bid my friend, for joy of this good news,
Give mistress Shore one gentle kiss the more.
Buck. Good Catesby, go, effect this business
Cates. My good lords both, with all the heed I can.
Glo. Shall we hear from you, Catesby, ere we sleep?
Cates. You shall, my lord.
Glo. At Crosby-place, there you shall find us both.
[Exit Catesby. Buck. Now, my lord, what shall we do, if we per
Lord Hastings will not yield to our complots ?
Glo. Chop off his head, man ;-somewhat we will
And, look, when I am king, claim thou of me
The earldom of Hereford, and all the moveables
Whereof the king my brother was possess’d.
Buck. I'll claim that promise at your grace's hand.
Glo. And look to have it yielded with all kindness.
Come, let us sup betimes; that afterwards
We may digeft our complots in some form. [Exeunt.
Before Lord Hastings" house.
Mes. My lord, my lord,
Haft. Within.] Who knocks.?
Mes. One from lord Stanley.
Hast. What is't o'clock?
MefUpon the stroke of four.
Swill do :] The folio reads-will determine. STEEVENS.
6 Scene II. Every material circumstance in the following Icene is taken from the Chronicles, except that it is a knight with whom Hastings converses, instead of Buckingham, STEVENS.
Haft. Cannot thy master sieep these tedious nights?
Mej. So it should seem by that I have to say.
First, he comiends him to your noble lordfhip.
Haft. And then,
Mej. Then certifies your lordship, that this night He dreamt, the boar had rased off his helm? Besides, he says, there are two councils held ; And that may be determin’d at the one, Which may make you and him to rue at the other. . Therefore he sends to know your lordship's pleasure, If presently you will take horse with him, And with all speed post with him toward the north, To fhun the danger that his soul divines.
Haft. Go, fellow, go, return unto thy lord ; Bid him not fear the separated councils : His honour, and myself, are at the one ; And, at the other, is my good friend Catesby ; Where nothing can proceed, that toucheth us, Whereof I shall not have intelligence. Tell him, his fears are shallow, 'wanting instance And for his dreams,- I wonder, he's so fond To trust the mockery of unquiet slumbers :
-the boar had rased off his helm.] This term rased or rashed is always given to describe the violence inflicted by a boar. So, in K. Lear, 4to edit :
- In his anointed Aesh rash boarish fangs.". Again, in Warner's Albion's England, 1602, B. VII. ch. 36:
-ha, cur, avaunt, the bore so rase thy hide !" By the boar, throughout this scene, is meant Glofter, who was called the boar , or the hog, from his having a boar for his cognizance, and one of the supporters of his coat of arms.
STEEVENS. -wanting instance:] That is, wanting some example - or act of malevolence, by which they may be justified: or which,
perhaps, is nearer to the true meaning, wanting any immediate ground or reason. JoạNSON. The folio reads, without instance, STEEVENS.
KING RICHARD III.79
To fly the boar, before the boar' pursues,
Were to incense the boar to follow us,
And make pursuit, where he did mean no chase.
Go, bid thy master rise and come to me;
And we will both together to the Tower,
Where, he shall see, the boar will use us kindly.
Mes. I'll go, my lord, and tell him what you say.
Cates. Many good morrows to my noble lord ! :
Hast. Good morrow, Catesby'; you are early
What news, what news, in this our tottering state ?
Cates. It is a reeling world, indeed, my lord;
And, I believe, will never stand upright, s'y
'Till Richard wear the garland of the realm.
Haft. How! wear the garland ? dost thou mean
Cates. Ay, my good lord.
Hajt. I'll have this crown of mine cut from my
Before I'll see the crown so foul misplac’d.
But canst thou guess that he doth aiin at it ?
Upon his party, for the gain thereof :
And, thereupon, he sends you this good news,
That, this fame very day, your enemies,
The kindred of the queen, must die at Pomfret.
Haft. Indeed, I am no mourner for that news,
Because they have been ftill my adversaries :
But, that I'll give my voice on Richard's fide,
To bar my master's heirs in true descent,
God knows, I will not do it, to the death.''
Cates. God keep your lordfhip in that. gracious