Ideologies in Archaeology
Archaeologists have often used the term ideology to vaguely refer to a Òrealm of ideas.Ó Scholars from Marx to Zizek have developed a sharper concept, arguing that ideology works by representingÑor misrepresentingÑpower relations through concealment, enhancement, or transformation of real social relations between groups. Ideologies in Archaeology examines the role of ideology in this latter sense as it pertains to both the practice and the content of archaeological studies. While ideas like reflexive archaeology and multivocality have generated some recent interest, this book is the first work to address in any detail the mutual relationship between ideologies of the past and present ideological conditions producing archaeological knowledge.
Contributors to this volume focus on elements of life in past societies that Òwent without sayingÓ and that concealed different forms of power as obvious and unquestionable. From the use of burial rites as political theater in Iron Age Germany to the intersection of economics and elite power in Mississippian mound building, the contributors uncover complex manipulations of power that have often gone unrecognized. They show that OccamÕs razorÑthe tendency to favor simpler explanationsÑis sometimes just an excuse to avoid dealing with the historical world in its full complexity.
Jean-Paul DemouleÕs concluding chapter echoes this sentiment and moreover brings a continental European perspective to the preceding case studies. In addition to situating this volume in a wider history of archaeological currents, Demoule identifies the institutional and cultural factors that may account for the current direction in North American archaeology. He also offers a defense of archaeology in an era of scientific relativism, which leads him to reflect on the responsibilities of archaeologists.
Includes contributions by: Susan M. Alt, Bettina Arnold, Uzi Baram, Reinhard Bernbeck, Matthew David Cochran, Jean-Paul Demoule, Kurt A. Jordan, Susan Kus, Vicente Lull, Christopher N. Matthews, Randall H. McGuire, Rafael Mic—, Cristina Rihuete Herrada, Paul Mullins, Sue Novinger, Susan Pollock, Victor Raharijaona, Roberto Risch, Kathleen Sterling, Ruth M. Van Dyke, and LouAnn Wurst
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II Ideological Dimensions of Archaeological Discourse
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academic Akkadian Althusser Althusser’s American anthropology argue Arundel Mills Bernbeck burial Cahokia central commodity fetishism communities complex concept of ideology consciousness construction consumer contemporary context create critical critique discourse discussion dominant early Iron Age economic elite engagement Europe example excavations experience false consciousness figurines Florida gender Gramsci groups Hallstatt hegemony heritage tourism Hochdorf human hunter-gatherers ideas identity Indian indigenous individual interests interpellation interpretation Iron Age Iroquois knowledge La Tène labor landscape Malagasy mall Marx Marx’s Marxist means megalithic Merina Mesopotamian Mississippian modern monuments mortuary mound building mpanandro Museum Neolithic nonelite notion objects past Pauketat people’s political position postmodern postprocessual practices prehistoric present production public archaeology reality relations relationship repatriation representations ritual role scholars secularism social memory society structures studies Susa Susiana symbolic Tène term theory tion torc traditional tumulus understanding University Press votive deposits wampum Žižek