"As each claim is fifty feet along the creek bed, there is half a million to the claim. So uniform has the output been that one miner, who has an interest in three claims, told me that if offered his choice he would toss up to decide. One of our passengers has worked 100 feet of his ground, and refused $200,000 for the remainder, and confidently expects to clean up $400,000 and more. He has in a bottle $212 for one pan of dirt. His pay dirt while being washed averaged $250 an hour to each man shoveling in. Two others of our miners who worked their own claims cleaned up $6,000 from the day's washing. There is about fifteen feet of dirt above bed rock, the pay streak averaging from four to six feet, which is tunneled out while the ground is frozen. Of course, the ground taken out is thawed by building fires, and when the thaw comes and water rushes in, they set their sluices and wash the dirt. Two of our fellows thought a small bird in the hand worth a large one in the bush and sold their claims for $45,000, getting $4,500 down, the remainder to be paid in monthly installments of $10,000 each. The purchasers had no more than the $5,000 paid. They were twenty days thawing and getting out dirt. Then there was no water to sluice with, but one fellow made a rocker and in ten days took out the $10,000 for the first installment. So, tunneling and rocking, they took out $40,000 before there was water to sluice with.

"Of course, these things read like the story of Aladdin, but fiction is not at all in it with facts at Klondyke. The ground located and prospected can be worked out in a few years, but there is still an immense territory untouched, and the laboring man

who can get there with one year's provisions will have a better chance to make a stake than in any other part of the world."


Fred Price, a Seattle man, who has returned from the Klondyke with several thousand dollars in gold dust, says that there is great fear of suffering on the part of those who attempt to go into that country without an abundance of supplies of provisions.

He does not believe the trading companies can begin to supply the demand which will be made on them. Price thinks the men who take up horses to cross the pass from Dyea will do well. They can get their provisions in easy that way and sell the horses for dog meat afterward. He also advises newcomers to look for claims on other creeks besides the tributaries of the Klondyke, the latter being pretty well staked out. Stewart river creeks promise as well as the Klondyke. He says further that gambling dens and dance halls have already opened in Dawson. Games of every description are running, and some of the miners play very heavy. They go into the mining town in sheer desperation at the loneliness and gloom of winter and gamble in recklessly to break the monotony. Price says it is hard to get along in Dawson City on less than $50 a day, and many of the men spend ten times that much. He claims that one saloon cleaned up $30,000 in three weeks this summer.

AN AUTHORITY ON THE KLONDYKE. Joseph Ladue, who owns the townsite of Dawson City, Alaska, and struck it rich on the Klondyke, ar

rived lately at Plattsburgh, N. Y. On June 23 he left Alaska, arriving in San Francisco about a month later. He emphatically denies the story published in a New York morning paper that the object of his visit here was to marry an old sweetheart. His visit was to see those who had befriended him when he was friendless.

The notoriety which the papers have given him is not pleasing to Ladue. It required a bushel basket to carry the mail which had accumulated here for him during the past week. The letters were from all parts of the country.

Mr. Ladue said that he applied for a townsite patent for Dawson City in 1896. It is located on the Yukon, seventy-five miles from the Alaskan frontier, and is consequently on Canadian soil. When asked as to the richness of the Klondyke country, Mr. Ladue said:

"I have not seen any late reports, but it is pretty hard to exaggerate it. Individuals may have exaggerated as to the amounts they have taken out, but as to the wealth of the country, the reports are generally correct. I believe the largest amount taken out by one person was $81,000, brought out by Frank Phiscator, of Washington. About $2,000,000 have come out, and at that ratio it is fair to assume that fifteen millions will be produced by the same miners during the winter.

"The extent of the craze and quest for riches," continued Mr. Ladue, "may be judged from the fact that gold was discovered in September last, and that already eight hundred claims are staked within a radius of twenty miles of Dawson City. There is no jumping of claims. Three months' work each

year is required to hold a claim. Failing in this, the land reverts to the government. The laws of Canada are stringent in such matters, and severe penalties are imposed for jumping or other interference with the rights of claimants. Each claim is 500 feet along the creek, and extending to the foothills on either side.

Asked if he was correctly quoted in advising people not to go in until spring, Mr. Ladue said:

"Yes. It is too late to go in now. The gold fields are located 1,700 miles up the Yukon river. If many people go in, it will be impossible to get provisions there in sufficient quantities. Next spring will be a better time to go than now. Nothing will be lost

by the delay.

"The truth of the richness of this country has not been half told, and no one can exaggerate the probable wealth to be found in this far-off country."


A late San Francisco letter brings the following: More treasure was received from the Arctic gold fields by the steamer Bertha from Unalaska, but it came in the form of 500 tons of gold concentrates from Unga Island. Valued at $40 a ton, it is worth $20,


This Unga Island mine is on the coast, and is operated by the Apollo Mining Company. The quartz is rich, and is handled cheaply, but the cost of erecting the plant was heavy.

The steamer brought about two weeks later advices from Dawson City. Only four persons came down in the steamer, and none of them was from Klondyke.

Unalaska has the gold fever as badly as other places along the Alaskan shore. Her delegation of Klondykers started toward the diggings some months ago, leaving the town deserted, except by Indians, and the latter would not get excited if Muir glacier were grinding out $20 pieces and showering them all over Alaska.

The Bertha brings advices that will not encourage the miners. Every claim within miles of the Klondyke river is taken up, and nearly 5,000 people are at the new diggings.

Those who got in late have gone further to the northeast of the Klondyke to look for new locations.

The Dawson City region was still paying at latest accounts, but mining parties have struck out northeast and southwest, the latter toward American territory.


Bear creek is one of the streams that enters Klondyke, and it has been prospected and located on. Compared with Bonanza, it is small, and will not afford more than twenty to thirty claims, it is said. About twelve miles above the mouth Gold Bottom creek joins Klondyke, and on it and a branch named Hunker creek, after the discoverer, very rich ground has been found. One man showed me $2,275 he took out in a few hours on Hunker creek with a gold pan, prospecting his claim on the surface, taking a handful here and there as fancy suggested. On Gold Bottom Creek and branches there will probably be two or three hundred claims. The Indians have reported another creek much farther up, which they call "Too-Much-Gold creek," on which the gold is so plentiful that, as the miners say in joke, "you have

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