to mix gravel with it to sluice it." Up to date nothing definite has been heard from this creek.

From all this we may, I think, infer that we have here a district which will give 1,000 claims of 500 feet in length each. Now, 1,000 such claims will require at least 3,000 men to work them properly, and as wages for working in the mines are from $8 to $10 per day without board, we have every reason to assume that this part of our territory will in a year or two contain 10,000 souls at least; for the news has gone out to the coast, and an unprecedented influx is expected next spring. And this is not all, for a large creek called Indian creek joins the Yukon about midway between Klondyke and Stewart rivers, and all along this creek good pay has been found. All that has stood in the way of working it heretofore has been the scarcity of provisions and the difficulty of getting them up there even when here. Indian Creek is quite a large stream, and it is probable it will yield five or six hundred claims. Farther, south yet lies the head of several branches of Stewart river, on which some prospecting has been done this summer, and good indications found, but the want of provisions prevented development. Now gold has been found in several of the streams joining Pelly river, and also all along the Hootalinqua. In the line of these finds farther south is the Cassair gold field, in British Columbia, so the presumption is that we have in our territory along the easterly water shed of the Yukon a gold-bearing belt of indefinite width, and upwards of 300 miles long, exclusive of the British Columbia part of it. On the westerly side of the Yukon prospecting has been done on a creek a short distance above Selkirk, with a fair amount

[graphic][merged small]


of success, and on a large creek some thirty or forty miles below Selkirk fair prospects have been found, but, as before remarked, the difficulty of getting supplies here prevents any extensive or extended prospecting.


Dalton informed me, says Inspector Ogilvie, he had found good prospects on a small creek nearly midway between the coast range and Selkirk in his route. His man showed me some coarse gold, about a dollar's worth, he found on the head of a branch of the Altsek river, near the head of Chilcat inlet, which is inside the summit of the coast range, and of course in the Dominion. From this you will gather that we have a very large area all more or less goldbearing, and which will all yet be worked.

Good quartz has been found in places just across the line on Davis creek, but of what extent is unknown, as it is in the bed of the creek and covered. with gravel. Good quartz is also reported on the hills around Bonanza creek, but of this I will be able to speak more fully after my proposed survey. It is pretty certain from information I have got from prospectors that all, or nearly all, of the northerly. branch of White river is on our side of the line, and copper is found on it, but more abundantly on the southerly branch, of which a great portion is in our territory, also, so it is probable we have that metal, too. I have seen here several lumps of native copper brought by the natives from "White river," but just from what part is uncertain. I have also seen a specimen of silver ore said to have been picked up in a creek flowing into Bennet Lake, about fourteen miles down, on the east side. I think this is

enough to show that we may look forward with confidence to a fairly bright future for this part of our territory.

When it was fairly established that Bonanza creek was rich in gold, which took a few days, for Klondyke had been prospected several times with no encouraging result, there was a great rush from all over the country adjacent to Forty Mile. The town was almost deserted; men who had been in a chronic state of drunkenness for weeks were pitched into boats as ballast and taken up to stake themselves a claim, and claims were staked by men for their friends who were not in the country at the time. All this gave rise to such conflict and confusion, there being no one present to take charge of matters, the agent being unable to go up and attend to the thing, and myself not yet knowing what to do, that the miners held a meeting and appointed one of themselves to measure off and stake the claims and record the owners' names in connection therewith, for which he got a fee of $2, it being, of course, understood that each claim holder would have to record his claim with the Dominion agent and pay his fee of $15.


Warren Shea, of Washington state, a reputable and reliable man, writes from Klondyke to his brother, S. Shea, of New Whatcom, and says the next boat to leave the gold field will bring out dust and nuggets in barrels. Two days after the boat that brought out the miners, who arrived on Puget Sound aboard the steamer Portland, left Dawson City, one of the largest stores at that place was closed and the building was turned into a gold packing warehouse. So

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