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boundary line between Alaska and the British territories. It is generally known that it is claimed there is some room for differences of opinion as to the interpretation of the wording of the document defining the boundary. There can be no misunderstanding, however, in regard to the territories in which these discoveries have been made. The 141st degree of longitude is the dividing line. So soon as the whereabouts of that degree is determined the matter is settled once for all. All that is needed is to mark the line just as the parallel in the west was ascertained and marked. Mr. Ogilvie's task in the Yukon country has been to determine this point on behalf of the Canadian government. Beginning at the Yukon river itself he has laid out the line and marked it for several miles north and south of the river. The first result of his observations was to establish that Glacier and Miller creeks, two of the richest camps that had been struck prior to the discovery of Bonanza creek and which had been considered to be in Alaska, were really in British territory. Of course Mr. Ogilvie's location will not be considered as final until the United States officers have tested his observations and calculations, but as he has now taken the bearings twice and arrived at practically the same conclusion each time it is scarcely likely that much change can be effected.
It will be noticed that Mr. Ogilvie is of opinion that the Yukon gold fields are a continuation of the deposits that extend through British Columbia. He says: "In the line of these finds farther south is the Cassier gold field in British Columbia, so the presumption is that we have in our territory along the easterly watershed of the Yukon a gold-bearing belt
of indefinite width and upwards of 300 miles long, exclusive of the British Columbia part of it." This great stretch of country has scarcely been nibbled at as yet, and the possibilities of the remainder can only be surmised. There is evidently a future for quartz mining in the country. Mr. Ogilvie speaks of Conehill as richer and more extensive than even the great Treadwell mine in Alaska. It is a peculiarly fitting dispensation that in this region of bitter winters there are extensive coal deposits close at hand. The summer is warm enough and long enough to enable vegetables to be grown.
THE GLOBE EXULTS.
These seem to be the facts in the case, and as Canadians we may congratulate ourselves that this otherwise forbidding outpost of the Dominion promises to add considerably to the national wealth. The officials of the Department of the Interior at Ottawa are entitled to all praise for the promptitude with which they have established the reign of British law and order in that distant region by stationing there a body of the Northwest Mounted Police. There is still an extensive task to be accomplished, however. Wealth such as this is national wealth, and the nation should get some advantage from its exploitation. At present there is a payment of a fee of $15 for each claim located. It is evident, however, that this is inadequate. A system of royalties would undoubtedly best cover the case. The customs arrangements should also be made as perfect as possible. The difficulty of accomplishing all this in a region so remote and so inaccessible is quite apparent, and no one expects that time and space can be annihilated.
A word of warning is also necessary. There is not so much likelihood that a Klondyke craze can be produced at this distance from the scene as has evidently taken hold of the dwellers on the Pacific coast. Nevertheless it is just worth pointing out that the man who goes to that country without the means of keeping himself for a long period courts destruction. He cannot repent and come back whenever he likes. He is apt to be tied up over winter in a place where the merest necessaries of life are held at fabulous prices. The present position of things makes it essential that the gold-seeker should be a capitalist in a small way before he tempts the rigors and deprivations of the arctic circle.
ROMANCE OF THE MINES.
Women at Klondyke -Words of Warning - A Kingdom for a Dog-Crime Made Difficult-Ban Put on Lawyers-Game Driven Away-Not a Paradise-No Place for Dreamers-A Land of Moon
shine A Plucky Woman - The First "Boiled Shirt"-On an Errand of Mercy-Told by a Chicago Woman-The Kings of the Klondyke—A Sanguine Report-To Be No Famine-Eager for News-A Spectacle for the Gods-Not Easy to Get-As She Saw It The Humorist Is There Mrs. Healy's Mine-Evidence of Coal-Woman Who Dare-The Barney Barnato of the Klondyke-Faced the Dangers-Pushing Onward-Wanted Gold-For the Woman He Loved-A Remarkable Bridal TripLike a Fairy Tale-The Golden Pot-$10,000 Pin Money-Worth $1,000,000 a month-$595 From a Single Pan-Larsford's Good Fortune-Driven to Wealth-After Many Years-Two Dauntless Women-First Over the Chilkoot-Gold Is What They Want-An Alpine Climber-Bloomers and Heavy Skirts.
Dawson City has a population of 2,500, of these only thirty-three are women. Mrs. Tom Lippy is the first woman who crossed the divide and went into the new Klondyke camp. She is a little, lithe, brown-haired woman, with honest brown eyes that have no fear in