Meanwhile sweet Adeline deserved their praises,

By an impartial indemnification
For all her past exertion and soft phrases,

lo a most edifying conversation, Which turu'd upon their late guests' miens and faces,

And families, even to the last relation;
Their liceous wives, their horrid selves and dresses,
And truculeat distortion of their tresses.

True, she said little-i was the rest that broke

Forth into universal ephrain :
But theo 'I was to the purpose what she spoke :

Like Addison's « faiut praisen so wont lo damn,
Her own but served 10 set oft every joke,

As music chimes in with a melo-drame.
How sweet the task to shield an absent friend!
I ask but this of mine, to--not defend.

There were but two exceptions to this keen

Skirmish of wits o'er the departed: one,
Aurora, with her pure aod placid mien;

And Juan too, iu gencral behind yoge lo gay remark on what he d heard or seen,

Sale silent now, his usual spirits gone : In vaio he heard the others rail or rally, He would not join them in a single sally.

CVI. 'T is true he saw Aurora look as though

She approved his silence; she perhaps mistook Its motive for that charity we owe

But seldom pay the absent, nor would look
Further; it might or it might not be so,

But Juan, silting silent in bis nook,
Observing little in lois reverie,
Yet saw this much, which he was glad to see.

The chost at least had done hin this much good,

In making him as silent as a ghost,
If in the circumstances which ensued

He gain'd esteem where it was worth the most. And certainly Aurora had renewd

lo him some feelings he had lately lost
Or hardeud; feelings which, perhaps ideal,
Are so divine, that I must deem them real :-

The love of higher things and better days;

The unbounded hope, and beavenly ignorance
Of what is call'd the world, and the world's ways;

The moments when we gather from a glacce
More joy than from all future pride or praise,

Which kindle manhood, but can ne'er entrance
The heart in an existence of its own,
Of wlich another's bosom is the zone.

Who would not sigh Αι αι ταν Κυθηρειαν

That hath a memory, or that had a heart?
Alas: her star must wane like that of Dian,

Ray fades on ray, as years on years depart. Anacreon only had the soul to tie on

Unwithering myrtle round the unblunted dart Of Eros; but, though thou hast play'd us many tricks, Still we respect thee, « Alma Venus Genitrix!»

СХ. and full of sentiments, sublime as billows

lleaving between this world and worlds beyond, Don Juan, when the midnight hour of pillows

Arrived, retired to his; but to despond
Rather than rest. Instead of poppies, willows

Waved o'er his couch; he ineditiited, fond
Of those sweet bitter thoughes which banislı sleep,
And make the worldling snecr, the youngling weep.

The night was as before: he was undrest,

Saving his night-gown, winch is an undress :
Completely « sans culottr,» and without vest;

In short, he hardly could be clothed with less; But, apprebeusive of luis spectral guest,

He sale, with feelings awkward to express
(By those who have not had such visitations),
Expectant of the ghost's fresh operations.

And not in vain he listen'd-Hush! what 's that?

I see-I see-Ah, no! 't is not-yer'ı is-
Ye powers! it is the-the-the-Pooh! the cat!

The devil may take that stealthy pace of his!
So like a spiritual pit-a-pat,

Or tiptoe of an amatory miss,
Gliding the first time to a rendezvous,
And dreading the cliaste echoes of her shoe.

Again what is 't? The wind? No, no,--this time

It is thic sable friar as before,
With awful footsteps, regular as rhyme,

Or (as rhymes may be in these days) much more.
Again, through shadows of the night sublime,

When deep sleep fell on men, aod the world wore
The starry darkness round her like a girdle
Spangled with gems--the monk made luis blood curdle.

A noise like to wet fingers drawn on glass, 8

Which sets the teeth on edge; and a slight clatter,
Like showers which on the midnight gusts will pass,

Sounding like very superqatural water,
Came over Juan's ear, which throbb'd, alas!

For immaterialism's a serious matier:
So that even those whose faith is the most great
In souls immortal, shun them tête-à-tête.

Were his eyes open ?--Yes! and his mouth too.

Surprise has this effect-to make one dumb,
Yer leave the gate which eloquence slips through

As wide as if a long speech were to come. Nigh and more nigh the awful echoes drew,

Tremendous to a mortal tympanum :
lis eyes were open, and (as was before
Stateú) his mouth. What open'd next?—the door.

It opend with a most infernal creak,

Like that of hell. « Lasciate ogni speranza,
Voi che entrale!» The hinge seem'd to speak,

Dreadful as Dante's rima, or this stanza;
Or—but all words upon such themes are weak:

A single shade's sufficient to entrance a
llero-for what is substance to a spirit?
Or how is 't matter trembles to come pear it?



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The door flew wide, not swiftly—but, as fly

The sea-gulls, with a steady, sober flight-
And then swung back; nor close-but stood awry,

Half letting in long shadows on the light,
Which still in Juan's candlesticks burn'd high,

For he had two, both tolerably bright, –
And in the door-way, darkening darkness, stood
The sable friar in his solemn hood.

Don Juan shook, as erst he had been shaken

The night before; but, being sick of shaking,
He first inclined to think he had been mistaken,

And then to be ashamed of such mistaking;
His own internal ghost began to awaken

Within him, and to quell his corporal quaking-
Uinting, that soul and body on the whole
Were odds against a disembodied soul.

And then his dread grew wrath, and lois wrath fierce;

And he arose, advanced-The shade retreated; But Juan, cager now the truth to pierce,

Follow'd ; his veins no longer cold, but heated,
Resolved to thrust the mystery carte and tierce,

At whatsoever risk of being defeated :
The ghost stopp'd, menaced, then retired, until
He reach'd the ancient wall, then stood stone still.

Juan put forth one arm-Eternal Powers!

It touch'd no soul, nor body, but the wall,
On which the moonbeams fell in silvery showers

Chequerid with all the tracery of the hall :
He shudder'd, as no doubt the bravest cowers

When he can't tell what 't is that doth appal.
Ilow odd, a single hobgoblin's non-entity
Should cause more fear than a whole host's identity..

But still the shade remain'd; the blue

eyes glared,
And rather variably for stony death;
Yet one thing rather good the grave had spared-

The ghost had a remarkably sweet breath.
A stiaggling curl slowd he had been fair-haird;

A red lip, with two rows of pearl beneath, Gleam'd forth, as through the casement's ivy shroud The moon peep'd, just escaped from a grey cloud.

And Juan, puzzled, but still curious, thrust

His other arm forth-Wonder upon wonder!
It press'd upon a liard but glowing bust,

Which beat as if there was a warm beart under. He found, as people on most trials must,

That he had made at first a silly blunder,
And that in his confusion he had caught
Only the wall instead of what he sought.

The gbosi, if ghost it were, seem'd a sweet soul,

As ever lurk i beneath a holy hood :
A dimpled chin, a neck of ivory, stole

Forth into something much like tlesh and blood; Back fell the sable frock and dreary cowl,

And they reveald (alas! that e'er they should !)
In full, voluptuous, but not o'ergrown bulk,
The phantom of her frolic grace-Fitz-Fulke!

Note 3. Stanza xlii.
Although Longinus tells us there is no bywa

Where the sublime soars forth on wings more am, le.
See Longinus, Section 10, iva dir, Ev te trepi niin
πάθος ψαίνηται, παθών σε σύνοδος.

Note 4. Stanza xliv.

They only add them all in an appendix. Fact. There is, or was, such an edition, with all the obvoxious epigrams of Martial placed by themselves di the end.

Note 5. Stanza lxxxviii.
The bard I quote from does not sing aniss.
Campbell's Gertrude of Wyoming; (I think; the
opening of Canto II., but quote from memory.

Note 6. Stanza cxlviii.
Is it for this that General Count O'Reilly,

W bo took Algiers, declares I used him vilely? Donna Julia bere made a mistake. Count OReilly ! did not take Algiers—but Algiers very nearly took him; be and bis army and fleet retreated with great loss, and not much credit, from before that city, in the year 1;

Note 7. Stanza ccxvi.
My days of love are over, me no more.

. Me nec farmina, nee puer
Jam, nec spes animi credula matai;

Nec certare juvat mero,
Nee vipcire povis tempora floribus.


Note 1. Stanza xlv.

For none likes more to hear himself converse.

Rispose allor Margutte: a dirtel tosto,

Io non credo più al nero, ch' a l'aunrro;
Ma nel cappone, o lesso, o vuogli arrosto ;
E credo alcuna volta anco nel barro,
Ne la cervogia, e quand jo n' ho nel mosto,
E molto più ne l'aspro che il maapurro,
Ma sopra tutto nel buon vino ho fede;

E credo che sia salvo chi gli crede.
POLC1, Morgante Maggiore, Canto 18. Stanza 115.

Note 2. Stanza lxxi.

Tbat e'er by precious metal was bold io. This dress is Moorish, and the bracelets and bar are worn in the manger described. The reader will pop. ceive hereafter, that, as the mother of Haidee was et Fez, her daughter wore the garb of the country.

Note 3. Stanza lxxii.

company for some foreign theatre; embarked them at A like gold bar, above her instep rollid,

an lialian port, and, carrying them to Algiers, sold The bar of gold above the instep is a mark of sove- them all. One of the women, returned from her capreign rank in the women of the families of the Deys, tivity, I heard sing, by a strange coincidence, in Rossini's and is worn as such by their female relatives.

opera of «L'Italiana in Algieri,» at Venice, in the beNote 4. Stanza lxxiii.

ginning of 1817. Her person if allow'd at largo to run.

Note 4. Stanza lxxxvi. This is no exaggeration ; there were four women From all the Pope makes yearly 't would perplex whom I remember to have seen, who possessed their

To find ibrer perfect pipes of the third sex. lair in this profusion; of these, three were Engiish, the

It is strange that it should be the pope and the sultan other was a Levantine. Their hair was of that length who are the chief encouragers of this branch of tradeand quantity that, when let down, it almost entirely

women being prohibited as singers at St Peter's, and not shaded the person, so as nearly to render dress a su

deemed trust-worthy as guardians of the haram. perfluity. Of these, only one had dark hair; the Ori

Note 5. Stanza ciii. ental's had, perhaps, the lightest colour of the four,

While weeds and ordere ronkle round the base.
Note 5, Stanza cvii.

The pillar which records the balile of Ravenna is

about two miles from the city, on the opposite side of Oh Hesperus! thou bringest all good things.

the river to the road towards Forli. Gaston de Foix, Εσπερε, παντα φερεις;

who gained the battle, was killed in it; there fell on Φερεις οίνον, φερεις αιγα,

both sides twenty thousand men. The present state of Φερέις ματερι παιδα.

the pillar and its site is described in the text.
Fragment of Sappho.

Note 6. Stanza cviii.
Soft bour! which wakes the wish and melts the heart.

Era già l'ora che volge 'I disio,

A' naviganti, e'nteperisce il cuore;
Lo di ch' han detto a' dolci amici addio,
E che lo ngovo peregrin d'amore

Note 1. Stanza ili,
Punge, se ode Squilla di lontano,

The ocean stream.
раја il giorno pianger che si muore.

Tuis expression of Homer has been much criticised.
Dante's Purgatory, Canto viii.

It hardly answers to our Atlantic ideas of the occan, This last line is the first of Gray's Elegy, taken by him but is sufficiently applicable to the Hellespont, and the without acknowledgment.

Bosphorus, with the gean intersected with islands.
Note 7. Stanza cix.

Note 2. Stanza v.
Some bands unseen strew'd lowers upon his tomb.

The Giant's Grave.,
See Suetonius for this fact.

« The Giant's Grave» is a height on the Adriatic shore of the Bosphorus, much frequented by holiday parties;

like Harrow and Highgate. CANTO IV.

Note 3. Stanza xxxiii.

And running out as fast as I was able.

The assassination alluded to took place on the eighth Note 1. Stanza xii.

of December, 1820, in the streets of R--, not a - Whom the gods love dio young.. wis said of yore.

hundred from the residence of the writer. paces

The See Ilerodolus.

circumstances were as described.
Note 2. Stanza lix.

Note 4. Stanza xxxiv.
A vein had burst.

Killd by five bullets from an old gun-barrel.
This is no very uncommon effect of the violence of

There was found close by him an old gun-barrel, sawn conflicting and different passions. The Doge Francis Foscari, on bis deposition, in 1957, hearing the bell

half off: it had just been discharged, and was still warm. of St Mark announce the election of his successor,

Note 5. Stanza liii. « mourut subitement d'une bémorrhagie causée par une

Prepared for supper with a glass of rum, veine qui s'éclata dans sa poitrine,» (see Sismondi and In Turkey nothing is more common than for the Daru, vols. i and ii), at the age of eighty years, when Mussulmans to take several glasses of strong spirits by « who would have thought the old man had so much way of appetizer. I have seen them take as many as blood in him ? » Before I was sixteen years of age, I six of raki before dinner, and swear that they dined the was witness to a melancholy instance of the same effect better for il; I tried the experiment, but was like the of mixed passions upon a young person; wlio, however, Scotchman, who baving licard that the birds called kitdid not die in consequence, at that time, but fell a victim Liewiaks were admirable whets, ale six of them, and some years afterwards to a seizure of the same kind, complained that he was no hungrier than when he arising from causes intimately connected with agitation began.» of mind.

Note 6. Stanza ly.
Note 3. Stanza lxxx.

Splendid but silent, save in one, wbere, dropping.
But sold by the impresario at no bigb rate.

A marble fountain echoes.
This is a fact. A few years ago a man engaged a A common furniture.-I recollect being received by

Ali Pacha, in a room containing a marble basin and brother of that dangerous charge « borrowing:» a poet fountain, ele., etc., etc.

had better borrow any thing (excepting money) than

the thoughts of another--they are always sure to be reNote 7. Stanza lxxxvi.

claimed; but it is very hard, having been the lender, to The gate so splendid was in all its features.

be denounced as the debtor, as is the case of Ansley Features of a gate-1 ministerial metaphor ; « the versus Smollett. feature upon which this question hinges.»-See the Ås there is a honour amongst thieves,» let there be « Fudge Family,» or bear Castercagh.

some amongst poets, and give cach liis due,- Donc cao Note 8. Stanza cvi.

afford to give it more than Mr Campbell himself, who,

with a higla reputation for originality, and a fame wbich Though on more thoroughbred or fairer fingers,

cannot be shaken, is the only poet of the times except 1 There is perlmps nothing more distinctive of birth Rogers) who can be reproached (and in him it is indeed than the hund: it is alinost the only sign of blood which a reproach) with having written too little. aristocracy can generale.


9. Stanza cxlvii. Sare Solyman, the glory of their line.


may not be unworthy of remark, that Bacon, in bis essay on Empire,» lines that Solyman was the last

Stanza lxxv. of his live; on wliat authority, I know not.

These are

4. wood ob cure, like that where Dante found, his worils: « The destruction of Mustapha was so fatal

Nel mezzo del Cammin' di postra vita to Solymnasi's line, as the succession of the Turks from

Mi ritrovai per una Selva Oscura, etc, etc, etc. Solyman, until this day, is suspected to be untrue, and of strange blood; for thirt Solymus the Second was thought to be supposititious.» But Bacon, in bis Liistorical authorities, is often inaccurate. I could give lialf

CANTO VII. a dozen instances from his apophthegms only.

Being in the humour of criticisin, I shall proceed, after having ventured upon the slips of Bacon, to touch

Stanza li. on one or two as trilling in the clition of the Britisha

Was teaching his recruits to use the bayonet. Poets, by Ure justly-celebrated Campbell. — But I do this

Fact: Souvaroff did this in person. in good will, and trust it will be so taken.-If anything coull add to my opinion of the weats and true feeling of that gentleman, it would be bis classical, honest, and triumphant defence of l'ope, against the vulgar cant of

CANTO VIII. the day, and its existing Grub-street. The inadvertencies to which I allude are,

Note 1. Stanza viji. Firstly, in speaking of Anstey, whom he accuses of having taken «liis leading characters from Smollett,»

All sounds it pier«eth, * Allah! Allah! Nu! . Anstey's Bath Guide was published in 1560. Smoileii's « Dalı! llui» is properly the war-cry of the MussulHumpliry Clinker (the only work of Smollet's from mans, iod thry (svell looy on the last syllable, which which Tabithia, etc., etc. could have been taken) was gives it a very wild and peculiar effect. written during Smollett's last residence at Leghoru, in

Note 2. Stanza ix. 1770.-- « Argal,» if there has been any borrowing,!

• Carnage (so Wordsworib tells you) is God's daughter. » Anstey must be the creditor, and not the debtor. 1

But thy most drradd instrument rcfer Mr Campbell to his own data in his lives of Smol

In working out a pure intent, lett and Anstey.

Is man array d for mutual slaughter; Secondly, Mr Campbell says, in the life of Couper

Yia, (urmugeerthy dughter! (note to page 338, vol. 7), want « lie knows not to whom

WOALSWONIN . Thanksgiving Ode. Cowper alludes in these lines :

To wil, the Deity's. This is perhaps as pretty a peu Nor he who, for the bane of thousands born,


for murder as ever was found out by Garier hingBuilt Goud a church, and longud bio word to scorn.

al-arms.--- What would have becu said had any free The Calvinist meant Voltaire, and the church of Fer- spoken people discovered sucli a lineage? i ney, with its inscriprion, « Deo crexit Voltaire.»

Note 3. Stanza xviii. Thirdly, in the life of Burns, Mr C. quotes Shak

Was printed Grove, although his name was Grose. speare thus,

A fact; see the Waterloo Gazelles. I recollect remarlTo gild refined gold, to paint the rose,

ing at the time to a friend :---- There is fame! a manis Or wil fresi perlume to the violet,

killed, lis name is Grose, and they print it Grove.. I This version by no means improves the original, which

was at college with the deceased, who was a very amia: le is as follows:

and clever inan, and his society in great request for barn Torild refined gold, to paint the lily,

wil, gaiety, and a chansons à boire.»
to thrive a prume on the violii, et
King John.

Note á. Stanzı xxiii.
A great poel quoting another should be correct; be

As any other notion, and not national. howd also be accmate wien he accuses a Parnassian Ser Major Vallepey and Sir Lawrence Parsons.

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Note 5. Stanza xxv.

Note 6. Stanza Ixiii. 'T is pity that such meanings should pave bell..

Your « fortunes was in a fair way to swell The Portuguese proverb says, that « Hell is paved with

A man, as Giles says. good intentions.»

« His fortune swells him, it is rank, he's married.»-

Sir Giles Overreach ; MASSINGER.-See A New Way to
Note 6. Stanza xxxiji.

Pay Old Debts.
By thy harane discovery, Friar Bacon !
Gunpowder is said to have been discovered by this

Noie 7. Stanza xlvii.
Which scarcely rose much higher than grass bladles.
They were but two feet high above the level.

Note 1. Stanza xiii.
Note 8. Stanza xcvii.

Would scarcely join again the « reformadoes. »
That you and I will win St Georges collar.

« Reformers,» or rather « Reformed.» The Baron The Russian military order.

Bradwardine, in Waverley, is authority for the word.

Stanza cxxxiii.

Note 2. Stanza xv.
Eternal! such names mingled!)
Ismail's ours !

The endless soot bestows a tint far deeper

Tha can be hid by altering his sbirt.
In the original Russian-

Query, Suit?--Printer's Devil.
Slava boja: slava vam!
Krepost Vzala, y la tam.

Note 3. Stanza xviii.
I kind of couplet; for he was a poel.

Balgounie's Brig's black wall. The brig of Don, near the « auld foun» of Aberdeen, with its one arch and its black deep salmon stream below,

is in my memory as yesterday. I still remember, though CANTO IX.

perhaps I may misquote, the awful proverb which made me pause to cross it, and yet lean over it with a childish delight, being an only son, at least by the mother's side.

The saying, as recollected by me, was this-but I have Note 1. Stanza i.

never heard or seen it since I was nine years of age; Humanity would rise, and thunder « Nay!.

Brig of Balyounie, black's your wa”; Query, Ney?—Printer's Devil.

Wi'a wife's ae son and a mear's ac foal,

Doun ye sball fa'!
Note 2. Stanza vi.
And send the sentinel Lefore your fate

Note 4. Stanza xxxiv.
A slice or two from your luxurious meals.

Oh, for a forty-parson power to chaust « I at this time got a post, being for fatigue, with four

Thy praise, Hypocrisy! others. We were sent to break biscuit, and make a

A metaphor taken from the a forty-horse powers of mess for Lord Wellington's hounds. I was very hungry, a steam-engine. That mad wag, the Reverend S. S., sitand thought it a good job at the time, as we got our own ting by a brother-clergyman at dioner, observed afterall while we broke the biscuit,-a thing I had not got wards that his dull neighbour had a «twelve-parson for some days. When thus engaged, the Prodigul Son

power» of conversation. was never once out of my mind; and I sighed, as I fed The dogs, over my humble situation and my ruined

Note 5. Stanza xxxvi. hopes.»Journal of a Soldier of the 71st Regt. during

To strip the Saxons of their hydes, like tanners. the war in Spain.

«Ulyde,»---I believe a hyde of land to be a legitimate Note 3. Stanza xxxiii.

word, and as such subject to the tax of a quibble. Because he could no more digest his dinner.

Note 6. Stanza xlix. He was killed in a conspiracy, after his temper had

Was given to her favourite, and now bore his. been exasperated, by his extreme costivity, to a degree The Empress went to the Crimea, accompanied by of insanity.

the Emperor Joseph, in the year-I forget which. Note 4. Stanza xlvii.


7. Stanza lviii. And had just buried tbe fair-faced Lanskoi.

Which gave her dakes the graceless name of Biron., He was the « grande passion» of the grande Cathe- la the empress Anoe's time, Birou her favourite asride.-See her Lives, under the head of « Lavskoj.» sumed the name and arms of the « Byrons» of France,

which families are yet extant with that of England. Note 5, Stanza xlix.

There are still the daughters of Courland of that name; Bid Ireland's Londonderry's Marquess show

one of them I remeinber seeing in England in the blessed His parts of speech.

year of the Allies-the Duchess of S.-10 wliom the This was written long before the suicide of that English Duchess of S--- presented me as a nameperson,


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