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Art. XI. WORKS RECENTLY PUBLISHED.

BIOGRAPHY.

John Milton; his Life and Times, Religious and Political Opinions; with Animadversions upon Dr. Johnson's Life of Milton. By Joseph Iviraey. 8vo. With a Portrait. 10s.

Memorials of the Professional Life and Times of Sir William Penn, Knight, Admiral and General of the Fleet during the Interregnum, Admiral and Commissioner of the Admiralty and Navy after the Restoration. From 1644 to 1670. By Granville Penn, Esq. 2 Voh. 6vo. With Plates. I/. 16s.

The Remains of William Phelan, D.D.; with a Biographical Memoir. By John, Bishop of Limerick, Ardfert, and Aghadoe. 2 Vols. Svo. If. Is.

Lives, Characters, and an Address to Posterity. By Gilbert Burnet, D.D. , Lord Bishop of Sarum. Edited, with an Introduction and Notes, by John Jebb, D.D., F.R.S., Bishop of Limerick, Ardfert, and Aghadoe. 8vo. 10i. 6d.

History of Spain and Portugal. From Dr. Lardner's Cabinet Cyclopaedia. 5 Vols. *m. 8vo. II. 10s. cloth.

Narrative of the Ashantee War; with a View of the Present State of the Colony of Sierra Leone. By Major Ricketts, late of the Royal African Colonial Coips. 8vo. 10i. 6rf.

Facts and Documents illustrative of the History, Doctrine, and Rites of the Ancient Albigenses and Waldenses. By the Rev. S. R. Maitland. Svo. 16i.

MEDICINE.

A Practical Account of the Epidemic Cholera, and of the Treatment requisite in the various Modifications of that Disease. By William Twining, of the Royal College of Surgeons, London; First AssistantSurgeon, General Hospital, Calcutta. Post Bro. 6i.

MISCELLANEOUS.

Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall. With a Geological Map of the County. Svo. 16i.

Life Tables, founded upon the discovery of a numerical Law, regulating the existence of every human being; illustrated by a New Theory of the causes producing

health and longevity. By T. R. Edmonds, B.A., late of Trinity College, Cambridge, Author of " Practical Moral and Political Economy. Royal Svo. 6f.

Political.

Principles of Church Reform. By Thomas Arnold, D.D., Head Master of Rugby School, and late Fellow of Oriel College, Oxford. Svo. 2i.

An Address to the Clergy on Church Reform, with Remarks on the Plans of Lord Henley and Dr. Burton, and on the Article in the last Quarterly Review. By the Rev. William Pullen, B.A., Rector of Little Gitlding, Hunts. Svo. 2i. fid.

A Letter to His Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury, on Church Reform; in which is suggested a Plan of Alterations both safe and efficient. By a Non-Beneficed Clergyman. 2s.

An Historical Argument on the Origin of Property of Tithes, with Remarks on the expediency of a fair and equitable Commutation, in a Letter to Earl Grey. By the Ven. George Glover, Archdeacon of Shrewsbury, Chaplain to His Royal Highness the Duke of Sussex. Is. 6d.

Some Considerations on Church Reform, and on the Principles of Church Legislation. By the Rev. F. C. MassingI, Hi. M.A., of Magdalen College, Oxford, and Rector of Ormsby, Lincolnshire. I2mo. 3t. 6d.

Notes, Historical and Legal, on the Endowments of the Church of England. By W. Clayton Walters, Esq., M.A., Barrister-at-Law, and Fellow of Jesus College, Cambridge. 2i.

A Letter to the Right Hon. Lord Henley, with Remarks on his Lordship's Letter to His Most Gracious Majesty the King, and on a Sequel to, and Observations upon the same, by the Rev. Edward Burton, D.D , Regius Professor of Divinity in the University of Oxford; together with Hints for a Reform in the Church, and a general Commutation of Tithes. By Sir Thomas Buckler Lethbridge, Bart. 2s.

Calculations and Statements relating to the Trade between Great Britain and the United States of America. By W. F. Reuss. Royal Svo. I/. 1i.

A Justification of the Foreign Policy of Great Britain towards Holland. Svo. 2s.

Church Reform on Christian Principles, considered in a Letter to the Lord Bishop of London. By Hastings Robinson, 13.D. F.A.S. Rector of Great Worley, Essex. 8vo. Is. flrf.

Hints for Church Reform, addressed to the People of England. By a country Gentleman. Bvo. }s.

Self Defence; being an Answer to a publication entitled, "War against the Church," &c. By the Rev. William Chnplin. 12mo. Sit.

A Cry to Ireland and the Empire. By an Irishman, formerly Member of the Royal College, Maync'oth. 12mo. 4s. 6d.

A Letter to Ixird Henley on his Plan of Church Reform. By Henry Frederick Stephenson, late M.P. for Weslbury. 2s. 6il.

Reform Without Reconstruction, being an inquiry into the advantages of a safe and practicable arrangement for removing to a great extent inequalities in the Temporalities of the Established Church, without Legislative interference; accompanied with a Plan for the compression of the Liturgy and Ritual of the Church of England By Uvedale Price, M.A. of Christ Church Oxford. 8vo. \s.6d.

Remarks on the Prospective and Past Benefits of Cathedral Institutions in the Promotion of sound Religious Knowledge, occasioned by Lord Henley's Plan for their Abolition. By Edward Bouverie Puscy, B. D. Regius Professor of Hebrew, Cannn of Christ Church, late Fellow of Oriel College, Oxford. 8vo. 4s.

Remarks on Lord Henley and Dr. Burton on Church Reform, in a Letter to a Member of Parliament. By a Churchman. 8vo. Is.

The Present Condition and Prospects of the Established Church, in a Letter to Sir Robert Peel, Bart. M.P. By M. A. Ss.

The Curate's Plea; or some Considerations respecting the Present Condition of

the Curates of the Church of England By L. L. B. 8vo. \*.

A Letter from Legion to his Grace the Duke of Richmond, &c., Chairman of the Slavery Committee of the House of Lords; containing an Exposure of the Character of the Evidence on the Colonial side produced before the Committee. 8vo- 4*.

Dissertations Vindicating the Church of England, with regard to some essential points of Polity and Doctrine. By the Rev. John Sinclair. A.M. of Pembroke College, Oxford, Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, and Minister of St. Paul's Chapel, Edinburgh. Svo. 10*. Gd.

The Happiness of the Blessed, considered as to the particulars of their State; their Recognition of each other in that State; and its Difference of Degrees. To which are added, Musings on the Church and her Services. By Richard Maut, D.D. Lord Bishop of Down and Connor. I2mo. Is. Gd.

The Book of Psalms, wherein, without note or comment, the original meaning is made intelligible to general readers, and the diction assumes a form which, from the days of Milton, has been deemed most congenial to sacred Poetry. By the Rev. George M.Musgrave, A.M, B.N.C., Oxon. Svo.

TOPOGRAPHY.

Sketches of Vesuvius, with short accounts of its principal eruptions, from the commencement of the Christian Era to the present time. By John Aul,ljo, Esq. F.G.S. &c. Author of ''A Narrative of an Ascent to the Summit of Mont Blanc." With numerous Plates. Svo.

America and the Americans. By Citizen of the United States. Bvo. ISt.

ERRATUM.

The reader is requested to correct an obvious error at page 107 of the present Number. At line 16, far 1788 read 1688.

The Title, Contents, and Index to Vol. VIII., have been delayed by accidental circumstances, and will be given in the next Number.

THE

ECLECTIC REVIEW,

For MARCH, 1833.

Art. I. 1. The Works of Robert Hall, A.M. With a brief Memoir of his Life, by Dr. Gregory, and Observations on his Character as a Preacher, by John Foster. Published under the Superintendence of OKnthus Gregory, LL.D. F.R.A.S., Professor of Mathematics in the Royal Military Academy. Vol. VI. Memoir, Observations, &c. Sermons. Index. 8vo. pp. 15)1, 498. Price 1 Or. London, 1832.

2. Quarterly Review. No. XCV. Art. The Works of the late Robert

Hall.

3. The Christian Observer. Feb. 1833. Art. The Life and Writings of Robert Hall.

\VE have' in foTMer Numbers *, attempted a general review of Mr. Hall's writings, and a portrait of his intellectual character. The biographical portion of the present volume will lead us to contemplate his personal character, and the distinctive features of his pulpit eloquence. We shall at the same time take the freedom of adverting to two articles which have appeared in contemporary journals, containing strictures upon Mr. Hall s character and writings, in which admiration of his transcendent talents i* blended with some portion of misapprehension and party feeling.

The lamented death of Sir James Mackintosh has deprived us of some interesting recollections of Mr. Hall's college life and earlier years, and of a philosophical estimate and delineation of his literary attainments and intellectual powers, such as Sir James was, of all men who knew him, the best qualified to supply. But we cannot regret that the biographer's office has devolved

« Eel. Rev. March, 1832.—Art. I. May, 1832.—Art. II. (Vol. VII. Third Series.)

VOL. Ix. N.s. Z

upcn one whose confidential intercourse with Mr. Hall in later life, and entire harmony of religious sentiment with the subject of his memoir, better fitted him, in other respects, to do justice to the moral and religious features of his character. Of Dr. Gregory's very able and interesting memoir, occupying 115 closely printed pages, we shall attempt a brief abstract.

Robert Hall was born at Arnsby near Leicester, on the 2d of May, 1764. His excellent father was the Baptist minister of that village, and his name is well known as the Author of a valuable little work entitled, "Helps to Zion's Travellers,'" which has passed through several editions, and sufficiently attests his correct judgement and solid piety. He died in the year 1791. Robert, though named after his father, was the youngest of fourteen children; and while an infant, he was so delicate and feeble, that it was not expected he would reach maturity. Until he was two years of age, he could neither walk nor talk; and he was taught to speak and to spell at the same time, by an intelligent nurse, who, observing that his attention was attracted to the inscriptions on the grave-stones of a burial ground adjacent to his father's house, adopted this singular expedient of tuition. No sooner was his tongue thus loosed, than his advance was marked. He became a rapid talker and an incessant questioner; and under the village dame, his thirst for knowledge soon manifested itself in his passion for books. In the summer season, after school hours were over, he would put his richly prized library (including an Entick's Dictionary) into his pinafore, and steal into his first school-room, the burial-ground, where, extended on the grass with his books spread around him, he would remain till the shades of evening compelled him to retire into the house. To this practice, we may trace with too great probability, the origin of that disease which rendered his whole life a conflict with physical suffering. When only six years of age, he was placed as a day scholar under the charge of a Mr. Simmons, who resided four miles from Arnsby; and at first he walked to school in the morning, and back in the evening. But the severe pain in his back from which he suffered through life, had even then begun to distress him, and to render him incapable of the fatigue of walking so far. He was often obliged to lie down on the road; sometimes, his brother or one of his school-fellows would carry him. At length, on his father ascertaining the state of the case, Robert and his brother were placed under the care of a friend in the village, spending the Sunday only at home. The seat of Mr. Hall's disease was the aorta and the kidney on the right side; and nothing, we apprehend, could be more likely to give rise to it, than rheumatic affections occasioned by his lying on the rank grass of a burial-ground. The only wonder is that, with his feeble constitution, he survived.

On starting from home on the Monday morning, Robert was in the practice of taking with him two or three books from his father's library, to read in the interval between school hours. His choice of books at this early age, was most extraordinary. The works of Jonathan Edwards were among his favourites; and before he was nine years old, he had perused, and re-perused, with intense interest, the treatises of that acute reasoner upon the *' Religious Affections", and the "Freedom of the Will", as also Bishop Butler's "Analogy.'' His early predilection for this class of studies was in great measure determined and fostered by intimate association, in mere childhood, with a member of his father's congregation, a tailor by trade, but a very shrewd, wellinformed man, and * an acute metaphysician.' Before he was ten years old, our young student had written many essays on religious subjects, and had occasionally invited his brothers and sisters to hear his first attempts at preaching; and when he was only eleven, a friend, at whose house he was spending a few weeks for the benefit of a change of air, astonished at his precocity of talent, was so indiscreet as to request him to perform, more than once, before a select auditory, invited to hear the boypreacher !' I never call the circumstance to mind \ Mr. Hall has been heard to say, 'but with grief at the vanity inspired; nor, when I think of such mistakes of good men, am I inclined to question the correctness of Baxter's language, strong as it is, where he says: "Nor should men turn preachers as the river Nilus breeds frogs (saith Herodotus), when one half moveth before the other is made, and while it is yet but plain mud."5 "We have known instances of similar injudiciousness in cases of similar precocity, so far as the gift of fluent speech was concerned in the display; but nothing can be more equivocal than the promise afforded by such early efflorescence. The native vigour and genuine superiority of the mental constitution are tested by the manner in which it comes out of the fever of juvenile vanity, and gradually recovers a healthful tone. In some, the intellectual growth is stunted for life, and vanity becomes the chronic disease of the character. In the few, the temporary self-elation operates as a beneficial stimulant, and sobers down into a proper self-confidence.

When young Robert was about eleven, Mr. Simmons conscientiously informed the father, that he was unable to keep pace with his pupil, declaring, that he had often been obliged to sit up all night, to prepare the lessons for the morning; a practice he felt unable to continue! He was in consequence of this candid intimation removed, and was next placed, as a boarder, at the school of the Rev. John Ryland of Northampton, a man whose excellencies and eccentricities were strangely balanced. There he remained for little more than a year and a half, during which

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