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The promised Series of Illustrations to Prinsep's Journal of a Voyage from Calcutta to Van Diemen's Land, are now in preparation, and will appear next month: the whole will be beautifully finished after the original drawings.

The Third Volume of the New Monthly Series of Original Works of Fiction, the Library of Romance, entitled, Waltham, a Novel, is now ready. The next Volume of the Series will be from the pen of Mr. Galt.

The Tropical Agriculturist, illustrated with botanical Plates, will be ready in a few days, and will contain a Practical Treatise on the Cultivation and Management of Productions suitable to Tropical Climates, including Products of the East and West Indies, by G. R. Porter, Esq.

This work will be of the greatest importance to all connected with our various colonies.

The Sixth Number of the Parent's Cabinet of Amusement and Instruction is now ready, and contains--Casimir and Julia ;–Uncle John in Canada ;-Carrier and Wild Pigeons.

A valuable work is just completed, in one volume, 12mo., entitled, The Christian's Manual, or the Bible its own Interpreter; to which are added, a Brief Account of the several Books and Writers of the Old and New Testament, and remarks upon the Apocrypha.

Capt. Head's Overland Journey from India is now ready for publication, in large folio, with elegant Plates illustrative of Indian, Arabian, and Egyptian Scenery, and accompanied with accurate Plans and Maps. This work will not only form a complete and highly interesting Guide-Book to the traveller from Bombay to Alexandria, but will gratify the Merchant and the Politician by showing the practicability and expediency of having, by the Red Sea, a steam communication with our Eastern possessions, and the consequent means of defending them from Russian Invasion, to which they are at present exposed.

There is a New Edition now ready, of the singular Pamphlet which appeared some time ago, entitled, A Call to Women on the subject of the National Debt. We find that the plan there proposed for the Ladies to pay off our Debt is now patronised by Government, books having been opened at the National Debt Office to receive Donations, &c., under the title of_" The Ladies' Contribution for the Gradual Reduction of a part of the National Debt."

On the 20th of March will be published, in one volume, The Americans. By an American in London.

In a few days will be published, Memoirs of the Life and Correspondence of the Rev. William Lavers, late of Honiton. By J. S. Elliott, with Portrait.

In the press, Lives of English Female Worthies. By Mrs. John Sandford. 12mo. Vol. I. Containing Lady Jane Grey, Mrs. Colonel Hutchinson, and Lady Rachael Russeli.

In the press, History of the Reformation. By J. A. Roebuck, Esq. M.P.

In the press, Dictionary of Practical Medicine. By James Copland, M.D., &c. 8vo. Part II. Just ready.

Elements of Materia Medica and Therapeutics. By A. T. Thomson, M.D., &c. 8vo. Vol. II. Just ready.

In the press, Introduction to Geology, By Robert Bakewell. 8vo. 4th Edition, greatly enlarged, with numerous Plates and Cuts.

In the press, Geology of the South-East of England. By G. Mantell, Esq. F.R.S. L.S. G.S., &c. 8vo. With Plates.

Preparing for publication, by the Editors of the Congregational Magazine, a work on Congregationalism; to contain a sketch of its history; an exposition and analysis of its principles : a comparative view of its advantages and disadvantages; a candid discussion of the modifications of which it may be thought susceptible; a full account of the ecclesiastical usages of the Congregationalists; with an Appendix, containing statistical and financial tables in illustration of the former part of the work, and a careful reprint of all the most valuable but scarce documents connected with the history of the Congregationalists.

In the press, Mary of Burgundy; or, the Revolt of Ghent. By the Author of “ Richelieu", “ Henry Masterton ", &c. 3 Vols. post 8vo.

In the press, Lyrics of the Heart: with other Poems. By Alaric A. Watts. Post 8vo. With Thirty-five highly finished Line Engravings.

In a few days, A Letter of Reply to Johnes' Essay on the Causes which have produced Dissent in the Principality of Wales, which obtained the Royal Medal in 1831.

ART. X. WORKS RECENTLY PUBLISHED.

BOTANY.

An Introduction to the Study of English Botany, with a Glossary of Terms. By George Bancks, F.L.S. 8vo. Thirtyseven Plates, containing upwards of 800 Engravings. 9s.

HISTORY Histoire des Français. Par J. C. L. Simonde de Sismondi. Tome XVI. 8vo. 10s. 6d.

The Cabinet Annual Register and Historical, Political, Biographical, and Miscellaneous Chronicle of 1832, comprising an impartial Retrospect of Public Affairs, Foreign and Domestic-Summary of Parliamentary Debates-Chronicle of Events and Occurrences Important Trials, &c.

- Biographical Sketches of distinguished personages who have died during the year --Public Documents-Members of the Reformed Parliament- Abstracts of Reform and other Acts-Lists, Tables, &c. 8s.

Address delivered to the Students at the Blackburn Academy. By Rev. E. Par. sons, of Leeds. 8vo. Is.

The Private Life of Our Lord Jesus Christ, considered as an Example to all bis Disciples, and a Demonstration of his Mission. By Thomas Williams, Author of “ The Age of Infidelity”, Editor of “ The Cottage Bible ", &c. &c. 78.

The Sound Believer, a Treatise on Eran. gelical Conversion. By the pious and celebrated Thomas Shepard, M.A., Minister at Cambridge, in New England. Carefully revised and corrected, with a prefatory Menoir of the Author. 32mo, bound in cloth.

The Last Days of Our Lord's Ministry; a Course of Lectures delivered in Trinity Church, Coventry. By the Rev. Walter Farquhar Hook, M.A., Prebendary of Lincoln, Vicar of the parish of the Holy Trinity, Coventry, and Chaplain in Ordinary to his Majesty. 8vo. 10s. 6d.

The Revelation of St. John, newly translated from the original Greek, with a plain reading divesting it of its Metaphors; and Notes describing the persons and circumstances to which the Symbols refer. By George Pilkington. 2s.

A Theological Dictionary; containing definitions of all Religious and Ecclesiastical Terms; a comprehensive view of every ar. ticle in the system of Divinity; an impartial account of all the principal de nominations which have subsisted in the religious world, from the birth of Christ to the present day; together with an accurate statement of the most remarkable transactions and events recorded in Ecclesiastical History, and a biographical sketch of such writers as have exerted a decided influence in the field of Theological science. By the late Rev. Charles Buck. A new and greatly enlarged edition, by the Rev. Dr. Henderson, Theological Tutor of Highbury College. The number of additional articles in the present edition amounts to nearly 500. - In one large volume octavo, 18s.

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We have to intreat the indulgence of our subscribers. Our present Number is deficient in quantity, though not, we Matter ourselves, in interest; and the gentleman who compiles the Index, has been prevented, by a pressure of engagements, from completing his task. The deficient sheet, and the Title, Contents, and Index to Vol. VIII., will be given in the next Number.

THE

ECLECTIC REVIEW,

FOR APRIL, 1833.

Art. I. An Inquiry into the State of Slavery amongst the Romans ;

from the earliest Period till the Establishment of the Lombards in Italy. By William Blair, Esq. 12mo. pp. xii. 301. Price 6s.

Edinburgh, 1833. THIS 'HIS outline of the most important chapter in the great his

tory of servitude', is from the pen of a gentleman who has had an opportunity of personally observing the condition of the slaves in two of our colonies; the Cape of Good Hope and the Mauritius. He is the son of the late Lord President Blair of the Court of Session, and was sent out as a Commissioner, in 1825—9, to inquire into the state of those colonies. In this volume, he does not, however, attempt to institute any comparison between modern colonial and ancient slavery. Wherever the ' bitter draught' is mingled, 'many of the ingredients', he remarks, 'must ever be the same; but, on some points, the two systems differ so widely, that they could serve but little to illus

trate each other. The work has no direct reference, therefore, to the subject which is at present agitating the public mind. It is purely an historical inquiry, relating to 'a people who, above • all others, have furnished employment to the studious and ' amusement to the idle; who have scarcely left behind them a coin or a stone which has not been examined and explained a thousand times, and whose dress, food, and household-stuff, it 'has been the pride of learning to understand. Nevertheless, the state of slavery among the Romans, has hitherto received little attention from literary men in this country. Mr. Stephen, in his invaluable work, “The Slavery of the British West India Colonies delineated”, has occasionally, for the purpose of illustration, referred to the ancient system, and the advocates of Negro Slavery have not been ashamed to plead the example of the pagan Romans as a sanction, claiming for it the tacit countenance or per

LL

VOL. IX.N.S.

mission of Christianity itself. On this account, in addition to the historic interest attaching to the inquiry, it is important that the nature of that system of servitude should be fully understood, to which, in the New Testament, there is repeated reference. The inquiry may be rendered subservient to the purpose of Biblical illustration; and an examination of the details will enable the reader to judge, how far a system which was undoubtedly coexistent with primitive Christianity, can be regarded as compatible with its dictates, and sanctioned by its tacit

recognition. Slavery, of some kind or other, has existed as the condition of a certain class of the population, in almost every country, from the remotest antiquity. No great nation of the ancient world, of which any accounts have come down to us, seems to have been wholly without a servile class. From the records of the Old Testament, a condition of absolute bondage appears to have been established as a regular institution in Asia and in Egypt. The Patriarchs had slaves, as well as the Canaanites and the Arabians. It existed in every part of Greece, and may be traced in the remains of all those States into which Italy was divided anterior to the foundation of Rome. Instead of being confined to any race, it prevailed in every branch of the human family. The black races held in bondage the less civilized whites; the descendants of Ham made captives and bondsmen of those of Shem and Japhet, who indiscriminately held in slavery the descendants of their respective progenitors, and those of the supposed parent of the sable children of the Sun, upon whom some authors have absurdly represented slavery to be peculiarly entailed. Britain, down to a late period, supplied slaves to the Roman market; and hisStorians have often repeated the singular anecdote told by Bede, of Gregory the Great having been moved to suggest the con

version of our ancestors, by the sight of many fine English youths exposed to sale in the market of Rome.'. According to Strabo, British slaves were prized for their stature, on which account they were assigned by Augustus to the service of the theatre. England was disgraced by the exportation of her natives long after the age of St. Gregory; and the practice of kidnapping, not Africans, but British and Irish children, was long carried on, not by Algerines, but by English corsairs and Bristolian slave-traders.

Such is the high antiquity, such the universal prevalence in former times, of Slavery. Whence could such a state of things have originated? There can be little doubt that it had its first origin, as Michaelis remarks, in war. The claim of the master was founded upon the supposed right of conquest, or rather, upon the clemency or humane policy which spared the lives of the conquered. Captivity was a commutation of the bloody law

Slavery was, therefore, in its origin and essential cha

of war.

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