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EDINBURGH ACADEMY. The Directors of the Edinburgh funds to the amount of £.12,000, by Academy having at length completed shares of £.50 each, to bear interest the plan upon which they think it payable from a fee to be levied from expedient that the Institution should the pupils. This proposal was so be conducted, have submitted to the favourably received, that, in the contributors and the public the result course of a few weeks, nearly £.9006 of their labours in a “ Statement,' were subscribed. The negociations which cannot fail to prove highly sa. which followed with the Town Countisfactory, from the full and unre- cil, and with the particulars of which served communication which it makes the public are already sufficiently on every point necessary to enable acquainted, suspended for some time the public to form a correct judge the execution of this plan; but, in ment of the proposed system of edu. May 1823, a General Meeting of cation, and, in general, of the advan. Subscribers was held, at which it tages likely to result from the new was resolved to carry their original establishment. Of the leading fea- design into effect, and, at the same tures of the plan developed in this time, to apply to the King for a “Statement," it is our present pur- Charter, to incorporate the sharepose to give some account; adding holders, under the name of the such observations as have suggested "Edinburgh Academy." This Charthemselves to our minds in the course ter, which is now in the regular course of a somewhat hasty perusal.
of official progress, provides, that the The present High School, as is Subscribers shall elect fifteen Direcwell known, was built in the year tors from their own bolly, in whom 1778, at which time the joint po- the whole management of the Acapulation of Edinburgh and Leith demy shall be vested, and of whom amounted to about 80,000; while three shall go out by rotation ; that the New Town, which now covers no person shall have inore than one nearly as much space as the old vote in his own right; that no perTown and southern suburbs did at son shall be entitled to receive intethat period, was scarcely in exis- rest on a larger share in the estabtence. In the last census, the popu- lishment than the capital sum of lation was estimated at 140,000. "If, £.100; and that no surplus revenue therefore, the present High School shall be employed in buying up was considered as no more than suf- shares. These provisions afford saficient at the period when it was tisfactory guarantees against monoerected, it is evident that the case poly, and are calculated to interest a must be entirely altered, now that la-me number of persons in the sucboth the extent and population of cess of the establishment. the city have been nearly doubled. The Academy is to be conducted, Accordingly, an opinion has long pre- generally, on the plan of the High vailed, that the numbers attending School, with some additions and mothat seminary are too great for success- difications, liable to such subsequent ful tuition, and that another public alterations and improvements as time school was imperiously called for, in and experience may suggest. As in order to remedy this evil, as well as the Iligh School, therefore, the Acato accommodate those parents, “ to demy is to have a Rector, and four whose children the High School, Under-Masters. The course is prefrom its great distance, has become sumed to occupy six years, four of almost inaccessible, without serious which are to be passed under one inconvenience, as well as risk of in- Master, who prepares his pupils for jury to their health.”
entering the Rector's Class, where impressed with the force of these they are to continue two years. The considerations, a number of gentle alterations on the present system of inen, in the month of June 1822, instruction in the High School, which brought forward a scheme for estab the Directors propose to introduce, lishing another great public school are as follow : “1. A more extended in the New Town, and for raising instruction in Greek, by all the Mas
ters. 2. In addition to the four Un- schools where young men are prepader-Masters, a Master for English, red for entering the University; and who shall have a pure English ac- we trust that the Edinburgh Acacent: the mere circumstance of hay. demy will set an example which will ing been born within the boundary be speedily followed. At present, the of England not to be considered in- Professor of Greek is a mere schooldispensable. The object of this ap- master. Four-fifths of the time which pointment is to endeavour to remedy ought to be devoted to exercises in a defect in the education of boys in Greek prosody and composition, to the Edinburgh, who are suffered to ne- reading of the more difficult authors, glect the cultivation of their native particularly the dramatists, and to language and literature, during the the study of the philosophy, poetry, whole time that they attend the Gram- and history of Ancient Greece, are mar Schools, and, in most cases, to a consumed in teaching the elements, much later period. It will be the duty which are, after all, never correctly of this Master to give instruction in and thoroughly acquired. This is Reading, Elocution, and Modern His- not the fault of the Teacher of Greek tory. The chief part of his time will in our Colleges; for how is it possibe devoted to the boys of the First and ble, during an attendance, say of Second Classes ; but he will also give two hours each day for a session instruction, during a portion of each of six months, to drill 200 or 300 week, to all the other Classes in suc boys in the elements of a language of cession. 3. A regular attention to so much nicety and complexity, to Geography in all the Classes. 4. The say nothing of the dialects, of which Writing Master is to be bound to pro. not one in fifty knows any thing? vide Assistants in proportion to the We trust we shall be able to date the number of his pupils, so that each commencement of a new era from teacher shall not have more than the establishment of the Edinburgh thirty-five boys under his care at one Academy. time. 5. Arithmetic is to be taught The Statement" next proceeds by a separate Master, who is to be a to describe minutely the distribution well-educated Mathematician, and of time among the different Classes, who is to provide Assistants in like and the allowance for play ; but the manner, in proportion to the number books to be read in each Class, and of his pupils. 6. The boys of the the particulars of the course of inHighest Class are to be carried as far struction, are left to be settled with in the elements of Algebra and Geo- the advice of the Masters, after they metry as their time and previous are appointed. By the plan for the knowledge will allow.”
distribution of time, the Master of These are great improvements un- the First Class will not meet his boys doubtedly, but probably the most till a quarter before Twelve o'clock important of all is the “ more ex- each day; and as it is presumed that tended instruction in Greek,” which the Rector's Class must always be it is proposed to ensure. This can- considerably larger than any of the not fail to be attended with the hap- others, it is intended that he shall piest effects. Our youth, when they act as Assistant to the Rector, from enter College, are generally igno- Nine o'clock till half-past Eleven, rant of the Elements of Greek; which portion of the day is allotted many of them do not even know the to Latin and Greek in the Rector's letters. The consequence is, that Class. All the Under-Masters, inthe Greek Class is a mere elementary cluding the Writing and Arithmetic school, and that, at the best, only a Masters, are to be under the supersmattering of the language is acquired intendence of the Rector, whose duty during the usual term of attendance. it shall be to see that the system of Hence the general inferiority of instruction authorised by the DirecScotchmen in the knowledge of the tors is properly carried into effect in noblest form of speech that ever ex- all its parts. It is also intended isted in the world. This defect, that the Rector shall twice a-week this opprobrium of Scotland, can only devote two hours to the examinabe removed by a “ more extended tion of the Junior Classes. The instruction in Greek" in the public Directors have not laid down any