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that place, in the 54th year of his age, and the 28th of his ministry.

Dec. 25. At Glasgow, Robert Starret, Esq. late merchant in the island of Carriacou, Grenada.

- At Dumbarton, Mrs Christian Macintosh, relict of the late Mr D. Murdoch, mercliant there.

26. At Kirkenan, Alexander Reid, Esq.

27. At Scalpa, aged 81, Normand Macdonald, Esq. of Barrisdale.

- At Havering-atte-Bower, Essex, Miss Balls, aged 63, celebrated for her attachment to goats; she had at the time of her decease 24 lodging with her in the house, sharing all things in common.

28. In Stafford-Street, Edinburgh, Mrs Margaret Borthwick, widow of the late Lieut.-Colonel John Borthwick, of the 71st regiment.

- At Libberton Cottage, Jane Todd, wife of Lieut. Moxey, R, N. in the 14th year of her age.

30. At Torquay, Devon, Sarah, Viscountess kil. coursie.

At Edinburgh, Mr George Nielson, of the Commercial Banking Company of Scotland, eldest son of the late Mr George Nielson, secretary to the Bank of Scotland.

- At Leith Links, Mr Alexander Goodlet, late of the Customs.

- Mr William Scott, jun. leather-merchant, Glasgow.

1824. Jan. 1. At Edinburgh, Mr Allan Grant, messenger at arms.

- At Canongate, Edinburgh, Mrs Janet Brodie, wife of Duncan Cowan, Esq.

- Miss Emily Shirriff, second daughter of the late Lieut.-Colonel William Shirriff, of the Madras cavalry.

2. At Irvine, Isabella Lang, third daughter of the Rev. Gilbert Lang, of Largs.

- At Cormiston, Daniel Collyer, Esq.

- At Glasgow, Miss Pagan, of Bogton, aged 81 years.

- At Eaton Hall, the Hon. Gilbert Grosvenor, the infant son of Lord Belgrave.

- At Lochfinehead, Mary M Naughtan, in the 83d year of her age, and the last in the parish of the ancient family of the M.Naughtans of Dun daramh.

3. At Edinburgh, aged 24, Richard Beckwith Craik, younger of Arbigland, Esq. advocate.

- At the vicarage, Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Euphe. mia, the wife of the Rev. William M.Douall, and mother of his nine children, the youngest four months old, in the 33d year of her age.

1. At Glasgow, John Machen, Esq. in the 51st year of his age.

5. At Macduff, James Lyal, Esq. fish-curer, and long eldest Bailie of that burgh.

- At Garden, Arch. Stirling, Esq. of Garden.

- At Bath, agel 51, Hugh Campbell, Esq. of Mayfield, in the county of Ayr, late Captain in the 85th regiment.

- At Easter Balado, Mrs Antonia Hardie, wise of James Beveridge, Esq, of Easter Balado, in the 72d year of her age.

- At Fordel, in Fife, John Smith, aged 97. He had been in the service of the Fordel family, as cook, for seventy years, and actually filled that situation until three years ago.

6. At London, the Lady of John Loch, Esq.

- At Park, Robert Govane, Esq. of Drumquhassle, aged 53 years.

- At Glasgow, Miss Rebecca Boyd, youngest daughter of the late Thomas Boyd, Esq. of kilmarnock, Jamaica.

7. At Aberdeen, John Daridson, of Kebbaty, Esq. in his 74th year.

At Jedburgh, Mrs Haswell, aged 83, spouse of the late Mr Robert Haswell.

-- At Luddington House, Surrey, Walter fr vine, Esq. in the 76th year of his age.

- At Leith, Mr John Parker, agent, late of Newcastle-ujxon-Tyne.

- At Devonport, at the house of J. Forbes, Esq. Captain John Hutcheson, 82d regiment.

8. At Dumfries, Robert Jackson, Esq. Comptroller of the ('ustoms at that port, and late proprietor and editor of the Dumfries Journal, in the 52d year of his age.

9. At Brechin, Mrs Smith, aged 71, relict of the late Mr William Smith, West Drums.

Jan. 9. At Leith Walk, Mrs Esther Annetonies, relict of the late Mr Williarn Ker, goldsmith, Edinburgh.

- At Saltcoats, Mr William Wilson, stationer, in the 78th year of his age.

10. At London, the Right Hon. Lady Caroline Pennant.

- At Greenock, Mr Patrick Mories, merchant.

- At Rothney, William Gordon, Esq. of Rothney, W. S.

ii. Captain William Niven, late surveyor of the customs at Greenock. By fame he was reputed the son of that facetious and well-known charac ter described in Roderick Random under the title of Strap.

- Ai Burnham House, county of Kerry, Ireland, the Right Hon. Lord Ventry.

- At Dalruzian, Thos. Rattray, Esq. aged 82.

- At Edinburgh, Alexander Charles, youngest son of Robert Kerr, of Chatto, Esq.

12. At London, of an apoplectic fit, Joseph Mar. ryatt, Esq. M. P. for Sandwich, and Chairman to the Committee of Lloyd's.

-- Mr William Auld, goldsmith, Treasurer to the Trades' Maiden Hospital, Edinburgh,

- At 41, North Hanover-Street, Edinburgh, Miss Katharine Fleming.

- At the Manse of Mid Calder, Mary Anne E. Donaldson, youngest daughter of the deceased Charles Donaldson, Esq. late of Calcutta

- At Kettyfield, Roxburghshire, in the 90th year of his age, Mr David Minto, for about half a century farmer of Linglie, near Selkirk.

13. At Newhails, near Edinburgh, Lady Home, relict of Vice-Admiral Sir George Home of Blackadder, Bart.

- At Kinsale, the Hon. Governor De Courcey, brother to the late Lord Kinsale.

- At Largs, Captain Patrick Carnegie, R. N. who fought under Rodney on the memorable 12th of April 1782. He was buried with military honours at Port-Glasgow, on the 17th current, under the direction of Capt. Rochfort, of his Majesty's sloop of war Nimrod.

14. At Glasgow, Jasper Tough, Esq. of Hillhead.

- At Pitten weem, Major John Duddingstone, late of the 1st battalion Royal Scots.

- In London, John Ross, Esq. Lieut-Colonel, late of the 28th regiment.

5. At his house, Shandwick Place, Edinburgh, General Francis Dundas, after a long and painful illness, which he supported with the patience of a Christian and the firmness of a soldier. General Dundas was Colonel of the 71st regiment of light infantry, and Governor of Dumbarton Castle.

- At Colchester, John Thomson, Esq. Deputy Commissary-General to the Forces, and late Private Secretary to the Most Noble the Governor General of India.

- At Leith, Mr John Durie, merchant.

- At Edinburgh, Mrs Davie, of Brotherton, aged 82.

17. In London, Bamber Gascoyne, Esq. aged 68, many years a representative in Parliament or Liverpool.

18. At Ramsgate, Capt. Bowles Mitchell, R. N. in the 74th year of his age. He was the last surviving Officer of those who accompanied Captain Cook on his second voyage round the world.

- At Edinburgh, Míllicont Scott, relict of the late Rev. Robert Hutchison, Dalkeith.

20. At Collan, in the county of Louth, the seat of the venerable Lord Oriel, agged 87, the Right Hon. Margaret Viscountess Ferrard, Baroness of Oriel, the Lady of that Nobleman.

- At Edinburgh, James Bisset, Esq. Rear Admiral of the Red.

-- At Richmond, James Earl Cornwallis, Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry, and Dean of Durhani, in the 81st year of his age. He is succeeded in his title and estates by his only son, James Mann, Viscount Broome, now Earl Cornwallis

21. At Kelso, Mr Andrew Telfer, bookseller, aged 65 years.

22. In Edinburgh, Henry D. Grant, Esq. serond son of the late Francis Grant, of Kilgraston, E.

- Mrs Aitken, wife of Dr John Aitkin, surgeon, Edinburgh.

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Printed by J. Ruthven & Son, Edinburgh.

THE

EDINBURGH MAGAZINE,

AND

LITERARY MISCELLANY.

MARCH 1824.

THE LIFE AND TIMES OF SALVATOR ROSA. BY LADY MORGAN.

We have the misfortune, in general, in the nine days' revolution of the to differ from Lady Morgan so dia- crack-brained fisherman of Amalfi; metrically, in matters moral, politi- and this, with Lady Morgan, is a passcal, religious, literary, and philoso- port to immortality. The opinion phical ; and we have had occasion to of his cotemporaries must be conenter, our protest so frequently and troverted, the statements of his Itaso forcibly against her intrepid as. lian biographers must be disproved surance, and her numberless faults by the superior information of an of flippancy and affectation, that we Irish woman of the nineteenth centureally feel it a relief to be able to lay ry, --his talents must be exaggerated, our hands on any work of her's, his vices palliated and explained with regard to which we can con- away, till the companion of the banscientiously hint approval, or hesitate ditti of the Abbruzzi, purified by the a compliment; and, in truth, we are hand of Lady M., steps forth one of almost apprehensive, that, under the “ the wisest, virtuousest, discreetest, influence of a feeling so new to us, we best” of men, that ever was calummay be somewhat tempted to trans- niated by political intolerance. Acgress the bounds of a sober eulogium. cordingly, in this party-pleading for Our impression, on a hasty perusal of the political painter,-ihis oration this work, certainly is, that Lady for Salvator, she seems to have preMorgan has produced two of the scribed to herself one simple princimost amusing octavos we have met ple, which she has followed out with with, even in this biographical age, the most resolute and persevering when no one has the least reason to assiduity, namely, to receive as proofs fear, that, like the predecessors of of holy writ all which weighs in faAgamemnon, his merits will be fore vour of her client, and to reject, gotten for want of a chronicle ; but without even the semblance of refuthen our admission of their amusing tation, every thing which wears aless character is quite distinct from a con- favourable aspect. We have no obviction of their correctness, or an ap- jection, in such cases, to allow a man probation of their spirit and ten- the benefit of a doubt, and are ready dency. The fact is, they owe their to admit, that to some points in Salinterest to a quality too common vator's conduct Lady Morgan has among biographers,-an enthusiastic succeeded, fairly and candidly enough, and indiscriminating admiration for in giving a favourable turn; but, the subject of the memoir, and a though she states her case sometimes consequent determination to accom- ingeniously, and always warmly and plish bis apotheosis pro fas et nefas. feelingly, we think she has left the Salvator was an enemy to things as question, on the whole, nearly where they were--the satirist of Popes, and it was. We never thought Salvator Princes, and Cardinals, and an actor an enfant perdu, as Lady M. assures VOL. XIV.

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us he is represented by the ecclesi- and to give verisimilitude to portraits astical press of Italy ; but we are just of ruffians and robber-captains. as far as ever from thinking him an All this we think just remains angel. Even in the ex-parte state where it was; and if Lady Morgan, ment of her Ladyship, we see the despite of these follies and faults, man of wild passions and mixed mo- really believes Salvator Rosa to be tives,-sullying, very often, his best the paragon of excellence which she actions by some display of vanity or represents him in her biography, we mortified pride, as he generally re. suspect she monopolizes the opinion. deemed his worst by some infusion of We are in nowise anxious, however, frankness and good feeling; yield. to dispute the point with her more ing continually to the impulse of the minutely, conceiving that the discusmoment, haunted by a feverish ea sion could not really be more importgerness of admiration, seeking it by ant to the public at the present day, means which the higher and more than the celebrated debate between commanding spirits of all ages would Don Quixote and Cardenio in the have disdained to use, and betraying Sierra Morena, touching the nature a puerile impatience whenever a sally of the connection between Queen was lost, or a sarcasm feil harmless ; Madasima and Elisabat the surgeon. associating alternately with princes It is enough for our purpose that and banditti; sighing for solitude she has advocated her cause well and amidst society, and flying to society warmly, and has detailed the inciback from solitude ; in short, one of dents in the life of Salvator with so those fiery beings in whom the ima- much vivacity and spirit,-connectgination has been developed at the ing and harmonising them by remarks expense of the reasoning faculty, and often appropriate, and sometimes who revenge themselves on the un- eloquent and ingenious, -as to have fortunate bulk of mankind, in whose rendered the life of Salvator one of mental composition these qualities the most readable of modern biohappen to be more equally distribu- graphies. ted, by sarcasm and satire, whenever On the summit, on a beautiful hill, the prerogatives which they arrogate at the base of the rock of St. Elmo, to themselves are disputed, or their at Naples, stands the little village of dicta listened to with less reverential Renella ; and in the old dilapidated deference than they are inclined to casaccia of some former lord of the claim. We admire as much as Lady district, lived Vito Antonio Rosa, Morgan the frankness and uncom- land-measurer and architect, the fapromising firmness of Salvator. We ther of Salvator. His wife, Giulia, admire, even while we smile occa- . was the descendant of a family of sionally at his notions of independe artists, and his brother-in-law, Paolo ence; we believe he may have been a Grecco, was starving, in the midst of warm friend, as we doubt not he was his pots and palettes, in the Strada a bitter enemy; we think he was, Seggio del Nido. Old Rosa and his without question, one of the great wife had seen enough of the miseries est historical and landscape-painters of painting to determine that that that ever lived: but we really can- should not be the profession of their not persuade ourselves that his man- son, whom they accordingly devoted ners were the mildest, or his morals to the Church, bestowing on him the the most unexceptionable; we do propitious name of Salvator, over the not think him one of the greatest of possessor of which, it appears, the the Italian poets, nor a great poet at devil has no power. Nature seemed, all; we do not admire his weak at however, determined, from the first, tempts to attract admiration by night, to overturn the plans of Antonio ly recitations of his satires, prefaced Rosa, for the young Salvator, from by the hesitation of affected modesty, his earliest years, evinced a restlessin one to whom the very meaning ness of disposition that augured ill of the word was unknown; and we for his church-promotion, and his do not believe that he courted the religious appellation sunk into the society of banditti solely with the diminutive of Salvatoriello. Even in view of enabling him to paint more childhood he began to display bis forcibly scenes of outrage and blood, vocation to the Arts, by his attempts at music, and by covering every scrap Francanzani was turbulent and conof paper he could find with architec- ceited, but clever and warm-hearted; ture and picturesque scenery. As he and Salvator, while he stood by his grew up, he used to wander among side in his stanza, or work-room, and the rocks and caves of Baiæ, or the watched the progress of his pictures, wastes of the Solfaterra, filling his felt his old inclination revive, and mind with the beauties and the soon abandoned himself, without reterrors of Nature, and sketching, in straint, to its indulgence. He dethe neighbourhood of Pausilippo and serted the work-room for the fields ; Vesuvius, her magnificent combina. departing with the dawn, with his tions. Sometimes he converted the portfolio and palette, and returning, white walls of the old casaccia into a at evening, from his rambles among panorama, by the assistance of burn- the rocks, and rivers, and wildered sticks; and once, during his daily nesses, with his mind and his paper visits to the Convent of Certosa, pass- filled with visions of beauty and ing along the cloisters, he unthink- wildness. Francanzani, who used to ingly applied his sticks to those sa- ransack the contents of his portfolio cred walls, for whose decoration Lan. on these occasions, would pat him on franc and Domenichino were contend. the head, as he looked at the broad, ing, and underwent the ceremony of bold sketches of his brother-in-law ; flagellation on the spot. This incident and, from his early plaudits, Salvator determined bis parents to attempt to probably received the last impulse procure his admission into one of that directed him into the path in the monastic seminaries in Naples, which he was destined to become so and the College of the Congregazione unrivalled. Somasca was chosen for his abode. With that resolute originality It was in this monastic residence, which distinguished every action of and at this tranquil period of life, his life, Salvator determined to study that Salvator is supposed to have ac- no master but Nature. He set out, quired that classical knowledge, and on a tour, through the wildest and taste for the works of the ancients, most magnificent districts of Italy, by which he was distinguished; but painting among the mountains of the study of the philosophy of the Apulia and Calabria, or in the saschools, which succeeded the course vage valleys near the base of Mount of classical instruction, was unsuits Sarchio,-or wandering among the ed to the ardent imagination of the ruins of Beneventum and Eclano, painter. “ Giunse,” says one of his the grottoes of Palignano, and the biographers, “ ai principj della lo- caves of Otranto,-tracing the shores gica ove fermossi ;” and, after many of the Adriatic, and studying in the vain attempts, on the part of the ruined temples of Pæstum. It was Fathers, and a determined resistance during these wanderings that his on that of Salvator, he was dismissed intercourse took place with the banas incurable.

ditti of the Abbruzzi whom Lady Returned to his paternal roof, the Morgan, anxious to vindicate or exwayward Salvator devoted himself, cuse this strange step of her hero, heart and soul, to the study of mu- represents as very superior, in all sic, as a science, and, uniting the points, to their modern predecessors. most perfect knowledge of the theory to grace and execution in the

The conflicts of unregulated interests, . practice, he became one of the most

and of lawless but powerful volitions, popular serenaders in Naples, where the stern elevation of character, reckless music was, at that time, cultivated

of all human suffering, beyond all social beyond the other Arts, and where

relations,—the play of strong antipathies, the streets resounded, night and day,

and operation of strong instincts, the to the canzoni of Cambio Donato

fierce rebuff of passions, wild as the ele

ments among which they were nurtured, and the Prince of Venusa. The

-the anatomy of the mixed nature of finishing stroke, however, was about

man, laid bare, and stripped of all disa to be given to the plans of his father,

guise, were subjects of ennobling study by his acquaintance with Francesco to one who saw all things as a philosopher Francanzani, a Neapolitan painter, and a poet one who was prone to trace, who had married his elder sister. throughout the endless varieties of exter•

nal forms, the deep-seated feelings that tuously noting his insignificance. But produced and governed their expression. she commands while she soothes. She In the fierce guerrilla warfare of the is evidently the mistress, or the wife of Abbruzzi, between the Spanish and Ger the Chief, in whose absence an act of man troops and the mountain-bands, may vulgar violence may be meditated. The he traced the leading character of that youth's life is saved ; for that cause rarely vast and wondrous battle-piece " which is fails to which a woman brings the omni. destined to be the study of successive potence of her feelings. generations of artists; and to the neces. The time spent by Salvator among sities of the outlaw's life we are indebted these outlaws has never been verified ; for many of those singular groupings and but it is probable, and indeed evident, views of violence and danger, which form that he remained sufficiently long to fill the subjects, not only of the pencil, but of both his imagination and his memory the graver, of Salvator Rosa.

with accumulated combinations of the There is one engraving which, though magnificent and the terrible. It is not evidently done à colpo di pennello, seems impossible that the adventurous artist so plainly to tell the story of the wander- owed the security in which he pursued ing artist's captivity, that it may, as an the interests of his art, in such abodes historic fact, if not as a chef-d'æuvre of of violence and danger, to the exertion the art, merit a particular description. In of talents both musical and poetical, not the midst of rocky scenery appears a less calculated to amuse his ferocious group of banditti, armed at all points, hosts by the midnight fires of their earthand with all sorts of arms. They are ly embosomed dens, than to captivate the ing, in careless attitudes, but with fierce voluptuous auditory of a Neapolitan sawatchfulness, round a youthful prisoner, loon. One almost sees the melancholy who forms the foreground figure, and is severity of the well-pictured female who seated on a rock, with languid limbs saved his life, softening into feminine hanging over the precipice which may emotion as she listens to lays composed be supposed to yawn beneath. It is im. for the syrens of the Chiaja, which she possible to describe the despair depicted once may herself have merited and rein this figure : it is marked in his position, ceived; while the stern features of her in the droop of his head, which his nerve- bandit lover now relax into pleased at. less arms seem with difficulty to support, tention at some humorous improvviso and in the little that may be seen of his which recalls his native Naples, now conface, over which, from his recumbent at tract into looks of dark distrust as he titude, his hair falls in luxuriant profu. watches the mellowed expression of those sion (and the singular head and tresses of black bright eyes, whose wildness never Salvator are never to be mistaken). All before softened to other accents than his is alike destitute of energy and of hope, own. The mountain auditory of the which the fierce beings grouped around lyrist of Renella were, indeed, banditti, the captive seem, in some sentence rea the outcasts of society ; but they were cently pronounced, to have banished for Italians ; and original conformation may ever. Yet one there is who watches over have triumphed over habits little favourthe fate of the young victim : a woman able to the arts, or the tastes they enstands immediately behind him. Her gender. hand stretched out, its forefinger resting on his head, marks him the subject of a How or when the bandit painter discourse which she addresses to the lis. returned to Naples is not known; tening bandits. Her figure, which is but he immediately commenced his erect, is composed of those bold straight career as a painter, under circumlines, which in art and nature constitute stances the most discouraging, the grand. Even the fantastic cap or

painting for the Jews of the Ghetto, turban, from which her long dishevelled

compelled to labour for a miserable hair has escaped, has no curve of grace ;

pittance, and denying himself the and her drapery partakes of the same ri.

recreation of poetry and music. Even gid forms. Her countenance is full of stern melancholy-the natural character

in these early works, the characterisof one whose feelings and habits are at

tics of his great productions are said variance, whose strong passions may

to have been visible. All was vast have flung her out of the pale of society, and magnificent. His rocks, trees, but whose feminine sympathies still re- clouds, and figures—all were expresmain unchanged. She is artfully plead. sive and characteristic; and that ing for the life of the youth, by contemp- energy which characterised the man,

* Now in the Musée, at Paris.

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