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Rhoeteum, when it actually passes it bric and the sea could not extend, long before reaching the place assign- in Homer's time, above two or three ed by Mr M. for the junction ? And, hundred yards.” Mr H., on the other moreover, his confluence is not hand, asserts, that this river “ flows (urrpov su posOew a little before, but at the distance of a mile from the at a very considerable distance from shore.” It is needless here to talk New Ilium.
of accretions. Nothing, we know, There are other misrepresenta- has been added to the coast since the tions—for it is to such chiefly, if not days of Demetrius, and there is only entirely, that I mean to confine my conjecture in the supposition, that observations—which require to be no- the land was enlarged in the shorter ticed. Mr M. maintains that I have period betwixt him and Homer. placed the Greek camp and harbour Again, as to the interval betwixt the somewhere between the mouth of the city and the encampment, that must Mendere and En Tepe ; that the remain unknown till the exact spot ground in this situation is a marsh; of the latter shall be ascertained. and that the “ interval between my One word more. There is noown city and camp is not greater" thing of which our author speaks so than that between New Ilium and confidently, as of the existence of a Koum Kale, their sites according to hill at En Tepe. He may be in the his theory. Now, it is singular right. All the maps to which he so enough that I did not venture to give exultingly refers, have not fallen any particular opinion as to the naval into my hands. Yet I have constation. My words were, “ we shall sulted the greater part of them, tonot attempt to point out the particu- gether with his own, no doubt a lar Capes between which the Greeks correct one, and in none of them chose to encamp;" adding," But can I perceive any appearance of a we are of opinion, that the spot they hill. There is, indeed, what, in compitched on was considerably to the mon cases, might be supposed the eastward of the Mendere.” The geographical mark of one. But this truth is, that no headlands, at all cor. is uniformly stated to represent the responding to Homer's description, Aianteum, or Barrow of Ajax, and have as yet been discovered, and in it differs in no respect from the this state of iguorance speculation is mark of the other barrows with which somewhat worse than useless. Still, the plain abounds. Yet Mr M. dehowever, there is not a foot of ground clares, that “if this hill is awanting in the plain less likely than that in any one of them, he will not only which is so great a favourite with yield up this point, but every other our author ; and the eastward of the his reviewer contends for." Let us Mendere still seems the quarter in then take Mr Hobhouse's, and if there which, if any where, our researches is any appearance in the neighbourare to be successful. Mr M. quotes hood of En Tepe, that can be supMr Hobhouse, as calling the low- posed to represent a hill, except the ground, in this direction, a " sandy Aianteum, the victory shall be his. marsh,” and “ a line of reedy Mr M. thinks, that, after taking swamps." The latter expression, my the trouble to point out one wrong examination of the “ Travels in Al. translation, I would not have spared bania” has not enabled me to dis- other errors, had they existed. My cover ; and, what is still more une forbearance, however, was greater fortunate for Mr M., it is the plain than he seems disposed to allow. southward of Dombric, and in front Other mistakes do exist, and might of New Ilium; the plain, by the way, easily be exposed, were it not newhere he supposes all the Trojan cessary to be brief on so useless a battles to have been fought, which subject. Again, therefore, I shall Mr H. calls a " sandy marsh.” forbear; at the same time, however, Whereas it is expressly stated, that assuring him, that if he will not yet the coast to which my observations take my assertion, I shall produce were confined, is “flat and sandy for him evidence, which even he must two miles to the east of Koum Kale.” adınit to be satisfactory. Moreover, our author affirms, that To those who have read the reply, the “ firm ground betwixt the Dom- it must be evident that Mr M. had lost his temper, and loaded his critic Felices ter et amplius, with epithets which it would have
Quos irrupta tenet copula, been better to avoid. But this, per- I suspected that he was too much haps, I have not much reason to re- wedded to his opinions to leave any gret. It is a proof that, in assailing possibility of the union ever being his theory, my success was greater broken. In whatever way they were than he is willing to allow. No one first acquired, whether by reading, gets into a passion, or bas recourse by meditation *, or in any other way, to invective, till his arguments are he has entertained them so long, expended, and his cause begins to be written about them so much, and hopeless. His reply has now been published them so often, that it considered candidly, I hope, and would be vain to attempt dislodging fairly; and he may still, if he can, them from his affections. Indeed, plume himself on having again opposition will only contirm their inis passed through the ordeal of criti- fluence; and the more they are ateism without injury.” In truth, I tacked, the more strongly will they have not the smallest expectation that bind him in their enchantments. any thing which has been said will Ante retro Simois fluet, et sine frondibus produce the slightest change in his
Ide sentiments. From the first, I never Stabit, et auxilium promittet Achaia Troventured to indulge the presump- jae, tuous hope of making him a convert, than he confess himself to have or even of prevailing on him to de- been mistaken, or renounce friends part a hair's-breadth from the ground whom he has so long and so fondly which he had taken. Like those, cherished.
(Continued.) Schiller to the Buron Von Dalbero t. the contract prepared by your Excel.
lency, conformably to those particuA PAINFUL attack of ague, which lars as to which we agreed in our has already continued eight days, personal communing upon the subhas compelled me to lay aside all ject. I now send you the original, thoughts of waiting upon your Ex- along with the amended copy, which cellency, and of expressing to you I have prepared. Should it, in its those feelings of delighted approval altered form, now meet, as I believe and satisfaction, while yet experi- it will, the approval of your Excel. encing somewhat of their first de lency, permit me to request you to licious ardency, with which I wit- add to it your subscription, and again nessed the late performance of my return it. The arrangement and ne“ Robbers." In my present situation, cessary demands of my new domesI eagerly long for the establishment tic establishment will require, in the of my wonted health ; the more es- meantime, from me, a considerable pecially, as I feel a lively regret in expenditure; allow me, therefore, to having thus been obliged so long to remind your Excellency of your kind postpone my critical remarks upon promise of Sunday last, of advancing * Sikingin." I have, however, till me two hundred florins, and now to now, been wholly incapable of any request from you a draft upon Sarvigorous or continued efforts of intel tory to that amount. lectual exertion; and although my I may say with truth, that there malady decreases, I still continue to is nothing desired by me with greatbe much afflicted with severe head. er ardour and impatience, than that aches.
my health may very soon enable me I have taken the liberty to alter effectually to demonstrate, to your
• " The Reviewer's theory, wbich he assures us is the result of long and painful meditation." Another instance of Mr Maclaren's unfairness. No such expression occurs in the whole of the article which has so greatly roused his indignation.
+ This letter appears to have been written at Manheim, but is without date. VOL. XIV.
Excellency, my eager zeal for the can I indeed hope that my fond and advancement of the drama ; and how ardent passion for this divine art, constant and abiding is my ardent and my capacity for its felicitous and passion for its cultivation. With the successful exercise, shall only termimost unfeigned and perfect respect, nate with my life. The affectionate &c. &c. &c.
desire of your Excellency, that I
should open to you, without disguise, Schiller to the same *. my whole soul, is indeed to me most What your Excellency yesterday welcome, and affects me most sensicommunicated to me, by my friend bly. But shall I presume yet farMai, has inspired me, I may truly ther to throw myself on the noble say, with the deepest sentiments of generosity of your Excellency ? Shall grateful respect. I cannot assured- I, after all the striking manifestaly think of the generous and unwea. tions of your compassionate symparied interest which your Excellency thy and support, - after the enjoyhas hitherto taken in my humble for- ment and participation of those distunes, without being sensibly touch- tinguished benefits showered upon ed with emotions the most delicious me with so liberal a hand, still sumand overpowering. Had I not long, mon boldness to solicit you to proin secret, cherished the hope of en- ceed yet a step farther, and, by gaging in the practice of my ostensis one striking act of favour, crown the ble profession of inedicine, assuredly multitude of your benefits? The so striking and affecting a mark of space of a year is required to make your watchful and affectionate soli
up for the time I have lost by the citude must, in this, have at once desertion and neglect of my medical found with me a ready and unhesi- studies, and to enable me to comtating compliance. The strong bent. mence its practice with credit and however, of my own inclination has respectability. During the preparalong been in this direction. I have tory and probationary period, I shall feared, perhaps not without cause, not have it in my power to be so asthat, sooner or later, my ardent and siduous in my poetical exertions, for enthusiastic passion for the poetic your theatre, as I have hitherto been ; art might either lose much of its and yet, I fear, I shall as much as present vigour, or be wholly extin ever stand in need of your kind aid guished, were the consciousness ine- and assistance. The issue of this vitably pressed upon me, of exercis year must, it is probable, determine ing it for the humiliating and servile the colour and complexion of my fupurpose of regular subsistence ; and ture life. Should I happily be enthat, on the other hand, it would as- abled to accomplish my present mesuine for me a more irresistible and dical designs, I may then regard my fascinating grace of attraction, if I establishment at Manheim as certainl. might only flee to it, when the strong Shall I then, in this urgent and criinclination prompted me, as a deli- tical situation, presume to look to cious and elevated recreation ; and your Excellency for your generous could I select, exclusively for its cul- and effectual support? And can you, ture, those hours of my life, the most in extending to me the means of aspure and happily auspicious, and the sistance, rather in your generous and most remote from any feeling of those affectionate temper, look, meanwhile, cares and disquietudes, which might prospectively to the dram
prospectively to the dramatic labours otherwise cast a gloom across the I shall be enabled to accomplish, brightness of the poetic horizon. after the expiry of this year of meThen, indeed, do I feel I shall be dical study and preparation, than to alone enabled to shew myself a poet,
the little I have as yet done for the in the more forcibly concentrated celebrity and advancement of your and collective energies of my genius,
theatre? If I shall have once passed and under the more certain and re- this period of probationship, and gulated guidance of that enthusiasm, commenced the public exercise of m y so indispensable, and so felicitous in profession, I shall then have it in its rich creative fruits. Then alone my power, without difficulty, by
* This letter is without date.
means of my dramatic compositions, circumstances! Allow me to hope the to discharge my previous obligations speedy result of your decision, either to the kind liberality of your Excel. by the communication of a private lency. I may then, I fondly hope, letter, or in the confidence of a perin my deep and abiding poetic pas- sonal interview. Meanwhile, I wait sion, be enabled to produce, for your the issue with the most anxious imespecial benefit, some noble and fe- patience, and remain, &c. &c. &c. licitous dramatic work; and besides, I shall be then in a condition to fulfil the promise which you so eagerly
Schiller to Von Dalberg. solicit, of the monthly publication
Frankfort, 1st May 1721. of a critical journal, exclusively de- I eagerly hasten, while yet under voted to subjects connected with the somewhat of the strong and delightdrama. Should my importunate ful influence of the feelings of last anxiety have here unhappily hur- night, to inform your Excellency ried me too far, I entreat your Ex- of the distinguished and striking tricellency to attribute it to the irresis- umph of excellence, which, in Franktible impulse which I feel to con- fort, marked the exertions of our fide to your compassionate and in Manheim actors. It was yesterday dulgent interest my anxieties and that IfHand's piece was performed to my wishes. I may, indeed, with a crowded house, and received with truth, say, that this to me is a junc- the highest and most uncommon apture of my life the most critical and plause. Iffland, as uniting in himmomentous. I feel that my future self, in rare excellence, the separate fate depends wholly on your kind aid capacities of author and actor, and and instrumentality. If, then, it can his eminent brother of the buskin, beget within the bosom of your Beil, were, in the close of the piece, Excellency a noble and enduring amidst the most enthusiastic acclasatisfaction, to establish and give a mations of applause, called for by delicious reality to the fond and al- the audience; and it was strikingly luring-I would trust not deceitful- apparent, the general high admiraprospects of a young man, and to tion and esteem with which these dismark an auspicious and prominent tinguished emissaries of the Manera in his life-to fulfil the power- heim theatre were regarded. I should ful promptings of his own heart, and much exceed the limits of a letter, the ardent and fond wishes of his were I to detail to you minutely my friends, and may I not, of a surety, opinion of Grossmann's company. add, those of your own generous This, however, I may assuredly say, mind? If the odour of this conscious that Iffland and Beil, even, when Dess, of having tenderly and affec- conflicted with the most esteemed tionately upheld me, shall ever, as actors, shone forth with a most strikit were, breathe an imperishable ing and pre-eminent power of exsweetness, then may I venture to cellence. The triumphant and forrely, with some assured confidence, cible manner in which their efforts, on the effective and favourable inter- contrasted with those of the other position of your Excellency! And performers, might be said to be, in should it afterwards be my envied their effects, like the Jupiter of Phifortune to rise to eminence and ce- dias placed amidst the statues of lebrity in the world, then, indeed, less-gifted sculptors, and at once with what an eager and transporting throwing a shade of deformity across zeal of affection shall I seek to re- them all, by the force and energy of pay the distinguished favours heaped its characteristic beauty. I never upon me ia less happy and auspicious in my life felt more strongly and
• Schiller, in his eager wish to engage in some pursuit by which he might hope to acquire a celebrity, independent of his great poetical exertions, is said, for some time, anxiously to have wavered between the choice of medicine, and the desire to engage in the investigation and treatment of historical subjects. It need scarcely be added, that he decided for the latter, and that, in this separate and dissimilar walk, he acquired a distinguished reputation, perhaps only surpassed by the more dazzling and striking excellencies of his dramatic productions.
convincingly, than upon this occa. hopes, however, that the striking sion, the decided and marked supe- and naturally-empassioned acting of riority of our Manheim Theatre, in Iffland * and Beil, together, perall its departinents ; and I believe haps, with somewhat of excitement that Grossmann, after the departure caused by my own presence, may of our actors, will find it no easy render the performance a more eftask to uphold the former high cre- fective and pleasing dramatie exdit of his theatre in Frankfort. It hibition, that the people of Frank. will hereafter afford me a high and fort could have looked for froin the delightful satisfaction to unfold to exclusive efforts alone of Grossmann's your Excellency the particular Company. I look forward with grounds of this opinion, when I shall much impatience to communicate be again enabled to taste the plea- it to you fully, without disguise, sure of an intimate and unrestrained with the observations and imprèspersonal intercourse. Since our stay sions which have occurred to me here, Iffland and Beil, by the strik since my arrival here, and which I ing and characteristic traits of their have carefully treasured up. I may, admirable performance, have ac- indeed, without hesitation affirm, quired a distinguished reputation that, could my high estimation of with the people of Frankfort; and in your Manheim stage have been yet their persons, the Manheim Theatre farther encreased, assuredly nothing may be said, every where, to receive could have, with more certainty, prothe most flattering and unequivocal duced this effect, than the whole proofs of high estimation. It is al. theatrical arcana and performances lowed, besides, by every one, that which I have witnessed here. Your the actors of Grossmann's company Excellency will receive this letter never so happily or zealously exert- through H. Miller, who obligingly ed themselves in their art as last undertakes to deliver it. His zeal night ; a striking instance of that and attachment to the Manheim noble excitement and rivalship which stage have induced him to disregard the commanding and felicitous powers every flattering inducement held out of great actors can awaken within to bim for prolonging his continuance the bosoms of those with whom they with us till the representation of are for the time associated and con- " Zemire and dzor;" as to which, flicted. The piece for this evening's he will inform you of any particulars performance is the “ Father's Re- you may desire. I remain, with the venge,” and, for Monday," Cabal and truest respect, &c. &c. Love." I must candidly own, it is with much pain and reluctance that I can persuade myself to witness, in
Schiller, to H. Reunchul, Stage-Míathe performance of my piece, the
nager of the Manheim Theatre. mistaken and ill-regulated efforts of
(Inclosed in the preceding.) the actors, and especially the con- I hasten with impatience, my dear vulsive throws and agitations of ex- friend, to inform you, in a few words, travagant passion which unhappily of the striking success which has mark the performance of the lady crowned the performance of Iffland who personates the heroine. I should and Beil. In a house crowded to exindeed be well satisfied-looking to cess, and amidst a silence as promy own gratification--to forego the found as if it had been the solemnihonour intended me by this perfor- ty of the coronation of an emperor, mance, could I do so, without giv- the dramatic piece of Iffland was ing offence to Grossmann and his last night brought out, and he and company, in their kindly, zealous, his friend Beil were, in the sequel, and well-meant efforts. I have some amidst the most enthusiastic plau
* Ifand is allowed to have been one of the most distinguished and admirably-impressive actors which Germany has ever produced. He was the author of a variety of dramatic productions, which display much versatility and penetration of talent ; and as an enlightened and discriminating writer, upon the requisites of his professional art, he has perhaps never been equalled. In the latter part of his life, he was Director of the Theatre at Berlin.