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He reseaded the king to consent to what was *-----.....', against his conscience and his horecor, and, in truth, his security. Clarondon. Thus intercepted in its passage, the vapour, which cannot penetrate the stratum dometrically, slides along the lower surface of it, permeatin tree horizontal interval, which is betwixt the o dense stratum and that which lies underneath it. H coorward. D1 A Mos D. m. s. [*iamant, Fr. adamas, Latin.] The digreed, the most valuable and hardest of all the gems, is, when pure, perfectly clear and Policcid as the purest water; and is eminently distinguished from all other substances by its vivid splendour, and the brightness of its reflexions. It is extremely various in shape and size, o: found in the greatest quantity very small, an tfie larger ones extreme § seldoni met with. The largest ever known is that in the possession of the Great Mogul, which weighs two hundred and seventy-nine carats, and is computed to be worth seven hundred and seventy-nine thousand two hundred and forty four pounds. The diamond re-rs the force of the strongest fires, except the correntrated solar rays, without hurt; and even that infinitely fiercest of all fires does it no injury, unless directed to its weaker parts. It bears a glass house fire for many days, and if taken carefully out, and suffered to coel by deees, is found as bright and beautiful as before; if taken hastily out, it will sometimes crack, and even split into two or three pieces. The Fo where we nave off-roma's are the Fast In:-- and the Brasils; and though they are usually found clear and colourless, yet they are sometiones slightly tinged with the colours of the other gens, by the rature cf some metalline Particles. His on For of
To their great Lord, whose love their motion sway'd In perfect **, whilst they stood In first obedience, and their state of good. Milt, Many a sweet rise, many as sweet a fall, A full-mouth Japasan swallows all. Crashaw. Frora harmony, from heavenly harmony, This universal frame began; From harmony to harmony Through all the compass of the notes it ran, The drapaten closing full in man. Dryder. D1 A PER. m. s. Laiapre, Fr. of uncertain etymology.] 1. Linen cloth woven in flowers, and other figures; the finest species of figured linen after damask. Not any damsel, which her vaunteth most In skilful knitting of soft silken twine; Nor any weaver, which his work doth boast In diaper, in damask, or in lyne, Might in their diverse cunning ever dare With this so curious net-work to compare. - penser. 2. A napkin; a towel. Let one attend him with a silver bason Full of rose-water, and bestrew'd with flowers; Another bear the ewer, a third a diaper. Shaki. To Di'AP ER. v. a. [from the noun.] 1. To variegate; to diversify; to flower. For fear the stones her tender foot should wrong, The ground he strew’d with flowers all along, 'And after'd like the discolour'd mead. Speiser. Flora used to cloath our grand-dame Earth with a new livery, disper-3 with various flowers, and chequered with delightful objects. Howel. 2. To diaw flowers upon clothes. if you dizzer upon folds, let your work be broken, and taken, as it were, by the half; for reason tells you, that your fold must cover somewhat 'insaer. Azizbors on j
Di'APHRAGM. m. s. [3,3:oxyua.) 1. The midriff which divides the upper cavity of the body from the lower. .. 2. Any division or partition which divides a hollow body. It consists of a fasciculus of bodies, round, about one sixth of an inch in diameter, hollow, and parted into numerous cells by means of diaphragm; thick set throughout the whole length of the body. Woodward. DIARRHOE. A. m. s. . [Aafjoin..] . A flux of the belly, whereby a person frequently goes to stool, and is cured either by purging off the cause, or re*ś the bowels. Quincy. During his diarrhaa I healed up the fontanels. - - Wiscran. DI AR Rhoe"Tick. adj. [from diarrhaea..] Promoting the flux of the belly; solutive ; purgative. Millet is diarrhatic, cleansing, and useful in diseases of the kidneys. Arbuthnot. D1 ARY. m. s. [diarium, Latin.] An account of the transactions, accidents, and observations of every day; a journal. In sea voyages, where there is nothing to be seen but sky and sea, men make diaries; but, in land-travel, wherein so much is to be observed, they omit it. Bacon. I go on in my intended diary. Tatler. DIA's Tol E. m. s. [3,3-oxo.] 1. A figure in rhetorick, by which a short syllable is made long. 2. The dilatation of the heart. The systole seems to resemble the forcible. . bending of a spring, and the diastole its flyingdi again to its natural state.
allowed for intercolumniation. Hokia. DIATE'ss ERo N. m. s. [os...}, ori; or four.] An interval it::mojčk, domposed of one greater tone, one lesser, and one greater semitone ; its proportion being as four to three. It is called, in musical composition, a perfect fourth. - : - Harris. Di Ato Nick. . [of 3,2+,2:..] The ordinary sort of musick which proceeds by different tones, either in ascending or descending. It contains only the two greater and lesser tones, and the greater genitone. Harris. Diaz F. utick Tone. [of 3.3 and ozo,.] In the ancient Greek musick, disjoined two-fourths, one on each side of it; and which, being joined to either, made a fifth. This is, in our musick, from A to B. They allowed to this diazeltic tone, which is Sur La, Mi, the proportion of nine to eight, as being the unalterable difference of the fifth and . fourth. Barris. Di BBLE. m. f. . [from diffel, Dutch, a sharp point, Skinner; from dabble, ju*its.l. A small spade; a pointed in.
strument with which the gardeners make holes for planting. Through cunning, with dibble, rake, mattock, and spade, By line and by level trim garden is made. Toser's Husbandry. D1 B sto NE. m. s." A little stone which children throw at another stone. I have seen little girls exercise whole hours together, and take abundance of pains, to be expert at dibstones. Locłe. Dic A' city. n. 4. [dicacitas, Lat.) Pertness; sauciness. Dirf. DICE. m. s. The plural of die. See D1E. It is above a hundred to one against any particular throw, that you do not cast any given set of faces with four cubical dice; because there are so many several combinations of the six faces of four dice: now, after you have cast all the trials but one, it is still as much odds at the last remaining time, as it was at the first. BentleyTo Dice. v. m. [from the noum.] To game with dice. I was as virtuously given as a i. nced to be; virtuous enough; swore little; diced not above seven times a week. ShakspeareD1 ce-Box. m. s. [dice and box.] The box from which the dice are thrown. What would i. say, should you see the sparkler shaking her elbow for a whole night together, and thumping the table with a dice-box * Addires. DI’ce R. m. s. [fom dice..] A player at dice; a gamester. They make marriage vows As false as dicers' oaths. Shakspeare. Drch. This word seems corrupted from ... dit for do it. Rich men sin, and I eat root: * Much good dich thy good heart, Apemantus. Shakspeare's Timen. Dicho"To My. n. 4. [3%ropiz.] Distri
• Some persons have disturbed the order of nature, and abused their readers by an affectation
*... of dichotomies, trichotomies, sevens, twelves, &c.
Let the nature of the subject, considered together with the design which you have in view, always determine the number of parts into which you divide it. Watts. Di"ckeNs. A kind of adverbial exclamation, importing, as it seems, much the same with the devil; but I know not whence derived. Where had you this pretty weathercock?— —I cannot tell what the dickens his name is my husband had him of. Shakspeare. What a dickenr does he mean y a trivial sum ? —But ha'n't you found it, sir? Congreve. Disck & R of Leather. n. 4. [dicra, Latin.] Ten hides. - Dict. To D1(CTATE. v. a. [dicto, Latin.] To deliver to another with authority; to declare with confidence. The spoils of elephants the roofs inlay, And studded amber darts a golden ray; Such, and not nobler, in the realms above, My wonder dictates is the dome of Jove. . Pope. Whatsoever is dictated to us by God himself, or by men who are divinely inspired, must be believed with full assurance. Watts. D1 ct at B. m. s. [dictatum, Lat.] Rule or maxim delivered with authority; preription; Prescript.
* D I C Those right helps of art, which will scarce be found by those who servilely confine themselves to the dictates of others. Lock. I credit what the Grecian dictate, say, And Samian sounds o'er Scota's hills convey. Prior. Then let this dictate of my love prevail. Pope. Dict AT10 N. m. s. [from dictate.] The act or practice of dictating or prescribing. Dict. DICTATOR. m. s. [Latin.] 1. A magistrate of Rome, made in times of exigence and distress, and invested with absolute authority. Kind dictators made, when they came home, Their vanquish'd foes free citizens of Rome. - Waller. Julius with honour tam'd Rome's foreign
foes; But patriots fell, ere the dictator rose. Prior. a. One invested with absolute authority. Unanimous they all commit the care, And management of this main enterprize To him, their great dictator. Milton. 3. Qne whose credit or authority enables - him to direct the conduct or opinion of others. Nor is it a small power it gives one man over another, to have the authority to be the dictator of principles, and teacher of unquestionable truths. Locłe. That riches, honours, and outward splendour, should set up persons for dictators to "the rest of mankind, is a most shameful invasion of the right of our understanding. Watts. Dictato (RIAL. adj. [from dictator.] Authoritative; confident; dogmatical; overbearing. A young academick often dwells upon a journal, or an observator that treats of trade and Politicks in a dictatorial stile, and is lavish in the Praise of the author. Watts. Dic TA roRs HIP. m. s. [from dictator.] 1. The office of dictator. This is the solemnest title they can confer under the princedom, being indeed a kind of dictatorship. Wotton. 2. Authority; insolent confidence. This is that perpetual dictatorrhip which is exercised by Lucretius, though often in the wrong. - Dryden. Disc TATuR.E.. n. 4. [dictatura, Latin.] The office of a dictator; dictatorship. * * * , Dict. Disction. n. 4. [diction, French; dictio, Latin.] "Style; language; expression. There appears in every part of his diction, or expression, a kind of noblé and bold purity. - - - ryden. Diction ARY. n.f. [dictionarium, Lát.J A book containing the words of any language in alphabetical order, with explanations of their meaning; a lexicon; a vocabulary; a word-book. Some have delivered the polity of spirits, and left an account that they stand in awe of charms, spells, and conjurations; that they are afraid of letters and characters, notes and dashes, which, set together, do signify nothing; and not only in the dictionary of man, but in the subtler vocobulary of Satan. Brown's Pulgar Errours. Is it such a fault to translate simulacra imageo?! see what a good thing it is to have a good cathclick dictionary. Stillings'...t.
An army, or a parliament, is a collection of men; a dictionary, or nomenclature, is a collection of words. Waits. DID. of do. ['ere, Saxon.] 1. The preterit of do. Thou canst not say I did it. Shakspeare. What did that greatness in a woman's mind? Ill lodg'd, and weak to act what it design'd. Dryden. 2. The sign of the preter-imperfect tense, or perfect. When did his pen on learning fix a brand, Or rail at arts he did not understand? Dryden. 3. It is sometimes used emphatically: as I did really love him. . . . DIDA"ctic AL. l adj. [3,34xtizo;..] PreDIDA"cTick. ceptive ; giving precepts: as a didactick poem is a poem that gives rules for some art; as the . Georgicks. The means used to this purpose are partly didactical, and partly protreptical; demonstrating the truth .#the gospel, and then urging the F. of those truths to be stedfast in the *ith, and to beware of infidelity, Ward on Infid. D1 DAPPER. m. s. [from dip.] A bird that dives into the water. DiDAscA'Lick, adj. [3,3aaxaxixe:..] Preceptive ; didactick 5 giving precepts in some art. I found it necessary to form some story, and give a kind of body to the poem: under what species it may be comprehended, whether didatcalick or heroick, I leave to the judgment of the criticks. Prior. To DI’d DER. v. a. [diddern, Teut. Zittern, Germ.] To quake with cold; to shiver. A provincial word. Skinner. Didst. The second person of the preter tense of do. See Drd. Oh last and best of Scots! who did, maintain Thy country's freedom from a foreign reign. ryden. Dipu’ction., n. . . [diductio, Latin.] Separation by withdrawing one part from the other. He ought to shew what kind of strings they are, which, though strongly fastened to the inside of the receiver and superficies of the bladder, must draw as forcibly one as another, in comparison of those that within the bladder draw so as to hinder the diduction of its sides. Boyle. To DIE. v. a. [beag, Saxon, a colour.] To tinge; to colour; to stain. So much of death her thoughts Had entertain'd, as died her cheeks with pale. ilton. All white, a virgin saint she sought the skies; For marriage, though it sullies not, it dies. Dryd. Di E. m. s. [from the verb.] Colour; tincture ; stain ; hue acquired. It will help me nothing Te plead mine innocence; for that die is on me, Which makes my whit'st part black. Shakop. We have dainty works of feathers of wonderful lustre, excellent dies, and many. Bacon. Darkness we see emerges into light, And shining suns descend to sable night: Ev’n heav'n itself receives another die, When wearied animals in slumbers lie Qf midnight ease; another, when the grey Of morn preludes the splendor of the day. Dry?. It is surprising to see the images of the mind
bodies, where acrimony is to be purged or avoided: but not where the canals are obstructed, it being void of all saline Şığ. Arbuthfict. a. Food regulated by the rules of medicine, for the prevention or cure of any disease. I commend rather some diet for certain seasons, than frequent use of physick; for those dists alter the body more, and trouble it less. Baron. I restrained myself to so regular a diet, as to eat flesh but once a-day, and a little at a time, withput salt or vinegar. Temple. 3. Allowance of provision. For his diet, there was a continual diet given him by the king. jeremiah. To Dr E.T. w a. [from the noun.] 1. To feed by the rules of medicine. She diet, him with fasting every day, The swelling of his wounds to mitigate, And made him pray both early and eke late. Fairy Queen. Shew a while like fearful war, To diet rank minds sick of ha piness, §. purge th' obstructions which begin to stop ur very veins of life. Shakspeare's Henry iv. He was not taken well; he had not din'd: The veins unfill'd, our blood is cold; and then we powt upon the morning, are unant To give or to forgive; but when we've stuff'd These pipes, and these conveyances of blood, With wine and feeding, we have suppler souls Than in our priestlike fasts; therefore I'll watch
in Till he be dicted to my request. Shoprare. I will attend my husband, be his nurse, Iliet his sickness; for it is my office. Slakop. Henceforth my early care Shall tend thee, and the fertile burden ease; Till, dieted by thee, I grow mature In knowledge as the gods, who all things know. Milton. We have lived upon expedients, of which no country had less occasion: we have dicted a healthy body into a consumption, by plying it with physick instead of food. Swift. 2. To give food to. I'm partly led to diet my revenge, For that I do suspect the susty Moor Hath leapt into my seat. Shalop. Othelio. 3. To board ; to supply with diet. To Di'ET. v. n. 1. To eat by rules of physick. 2. To eat ; to feed. I join with thee calm peace and quict; Spare fast, that oft with gods doth oiet. Milton. Dr. ET-D Risk: n. 4. [diet and drink.] Medicated liquors; drink brewed with medicinal ingredients. The observation will do that batter than the lady's diet-drinks, or apothecary's medicines. - Locłe. Di'ET. n.f. [from dies, an appointed day, Skinner; from diet, an old German word signifying a multitude, junius.] An assembly of princes or cstates. An emperour in title without territory, who can ordain nothing of importance but by a diet, or assembly of the estates of many free princes, ecclesiastical and temporal. leigh. Di etary, adj. [from diet.] Pertaining to the rules of diet. Dict. Di'Ete R. n. . . [from diet.] One who prescribes rules for eating; one who
prepares food by medicinal rules.
He sauc'd our broth as Juno had been sick... And he her dieter. Shakup. Cyntone#::::::::::} coff. [?arthrixoj. ReDIETF’rick. 's lating to diet; belonging to the medicinal cautions about the use of food. : He received no other counsel than to refrain from cold drink, which was but a dictethal caution, and such as culinary prescription might have afforded. - Breton's Wul. Ers. This book of Cheyne's became the subject of conversation, and produced even sects in the dietetick philosophy. Artuth, on Zoo.co.t. To DI'FFER. v. m. [diff ro, Latin.] 1. To be distinguished from ; to have properties and qualities not the same with those of another person or thing, If the pipe be a little wet on the inside, it will make a diffiring sound from the same pipe dry+cow
Thy prejudices, Syphax, won't discern What virtues grow from ignorance and choice, Nor how the hero differs from the brute. Addison's Catc. The several parts of the same animal differ in their qualities. Arbuthnot. 2. To contend ; to be at variance. A man of judgment shall sometimes hear ignorant men diffir, and know well within himself that those which so differ mean one thing, and yet they themselves never agree. Bacon. Here uncontroll'd you may in judgment sit; We'll never differ with a "...i pit. Rotre. 3. To be of a contrary opinion. In things purely speculative, as these are, and no ingredients of our faith, it is free to differ from one another in our opinions and sentiments. Burnet's Theory. There are certain measures to be kept, which may leave a tendency rather to gain than to irritate those who differ with you in their sentiments. adison's Freelolder. Others differ with me about the truth and reality of these speculations. Cheyne. D1' p Fe RE Nc E. m. f. [afferentia, Latin.] 1. State of being distinct from something; contrariety to identity. Where the faith of the holy church is one, a difference between customs of the church doth no harm. Hooker. 2. The quality by which one differs from another This nobility, or difference from the vulgar, was not in the beginning given to the succession of blood, but to the succession of virtue. Raleigh. Thus, born alike, from virtue first began The diff'rence that distinguish'd man from man: He claim"d no title from descent of blood; But that, which made him noble, made him good. Dryden, Though it be useful to discern every variety that is to be found in nature, yet it is not convenient to consider every difference that is in things, and divide them into distinct classes under every such difference. Locke.
3. The disproportion between one thing and another, caused by the qualities of each. You shall see great difference betwixt our Bohemia and your Sicilia. Shałop. Winter's Tale. Oh the strange difference of man and man! To thee a woman's services are due; My fool usurps my body. Shahip. King Lear. re might be seen a great is forctice between men practised to fight, and men accustomed only to spoil. Ælayward.