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Diapase. 1. s. Corel Wacov.] A chord
He persuaded the king to consent to what was To their great Lord, whose love their motion
In hrst obedience, and their state of good. Milt.
Hoolevard. From harmony to harmony
Through all the compass of the notes it ran,
The diapason closing full in man. Dryddet. Lo.
1. Linen cloth woven in flowers, and tinguished from all other substances by its vivid other figures; the finest species, of splendour, and the brightness of its reflexions. figured linen after damask. It is extremely various in shape and size, being Not any damsel, which her vaunteth most found in the grcatest quantity very small, and In skilful knitting of soft silken twine; the larger ones extremely seldori met with. The
Nor any weaver, which his work doth boast: Largest ever known is that in the possession of the Great Mogul, which weighs two hundred
In diaper, in damask, or in lyne, and seventy-nine carats, and is computed to be
Might in their diverse cunning ever dare
With this so curious net-work to compare. korth seven hundred and seventy-nine thousand
Spenser. two hundred and forty four pounds. The diamond bears the force of the strongest fires, except
2. A napkin ; a towel. the concentrated solar rays, without hurt; and
Let one attend him with a silver bason even that infinitely fiercest of all tires does it no
Full of rose-water, and bestrew'd with flowers; injury, unless directed to its weaker parts. It To Di'APER. v. a. '[from the noun.]
Another bear the ewer, a third a diaper. Sbaks. bears a glass house fire for many days, and if taken carefully out, and suffered to cool by de 1. To variegate; to diversity; to flower, grees, is found as bright and beautiful as before ;
For fear the stones her tender foot should but if taken hastily out, it will sometiines crack,
wrong, and even split into two or three pieces. The
The ground he strew'd with flowers all along, places where we have diamonds are the East In
"And diaper'd like the discolour'd mead. Spensere dies and the Brasils; and though they are usually
Flora used to cioath our grand-dame Earth found clear and colourless, yet they are some
with a new livery, diapered with various flowers, times slightly einged with the colours of the
and chequered with delightful objects. Howela
Hill on Fossils.
If you diaper upon folds, let your work be
broken, and taken, as it were, by the half; for
reason tells you, that your fold must cover someSboksp?ar. what 'msoen.
Peacham on Drawing. I see how thine eye would emulate the diamond: DA PHA NEITY. 8. s. [from dicorusice.) chou hast the right arched bent of the brow.
Transparency; pellacidness ; power of The diamord is preferable and vastly superior
paris hitting ligt.
: as also in
** Recause the outward'coat of the eye ought to
be pellucid, to transmit the light, which, it the lasting, and therefore much more valuable, than
eyes should always stand open, would be apt to Woodward.
* grow úry and strink, and lose their diaphaneity: therefore are, the eye-lids so contrived as often to wink, that so they may, as it were, glaze and
varnish them over with the moisture they conThomson. tain.
Ray. DIAPHA'NICK. adj. [d. de and pairos.]
Transparent; pellucid; having the power to transmit light.
Air is an element superior, and lighter than water, through whose vast, open, subtile, diaphan nick, or transparent body, the light, afterwards created, easily transpired.
Raleigh. DIAPHANOUS. adj. [di and Qabw.] Spenser. Transparent; clear ; translucent; pel
lucid ; capable to transmit light.
Aristotle calleth light a quality inherent or Spenser. cleaving to a diaphanous body.
Raleigh. When he had taken off che insect, he found in the leaf very little and diaphanous eggs, exactly
like to those which yet remained in the tubes of of the very because there are but sementines DIAPHORETICK. adj. [dozemoçmtixos.] Su
Ray. dorifick; promoting a diaphoresis or perspiration ; causing sweat.
A diaphoretiok medicine, or a sudorifick, is something that will provoke sweating.
Watts. Diaphoreticks, or promoters of perspiration, help the organs of digestion, because the attenuation of the aliment makes it perspirable. Arbuth.
to all others in lustre and beauty :
21 other store.
The lively diamed drinks thy purest rays,
And’ewixt them both a quadrant was the base,
And make a tuneful diapase of pleasures,
Diapason denotes a chord which includes all
With the first.
Di'APHRAGM. n. s. (8.27324)
strument with which the gardeners 1. The midriff, which divides the upper make holes for planting. cavity of the body from the lower.
Through cunning, with dibble, rake, mattock,
and spade, 2. Any division or partition which di. vides a hollow body.
By line and by level crim garden is made. It consists of a fasciculus of bodies, round, Di’BSTONE. n. s.
A little stone which about one sixth of an inch in diameter, hollow,
children throw at another stone. and parted into numerous cells by means of diaphragms thick set throughout the whole length I have seen little girls exercise whole hours of the body.
Woodward. together, and take abundance of pains, to be exDIARRHOEA.
Locke. pert at dibstones. n. s.. [dappoir.) A
r. n. š. (dicacitas, Lat.) Pertflux of the belly, whereby a person fie
Dict. quently goes to stool, and is cured
DICE. n. s. The plural of die. See Die. either by purging off the cause, or re It is above a hundred to one against any parstringing the bowels.
Quincy. ticular throw, that you do not cast any given set : During his diarrbes I healed up the fontanels. of faces with four cubical dice; because there are
so many several combinations of the six faces DIARRHOE'TICK. adj. [from diarrhæa.] of four dice: now, after you have cast all the
Promoting the flux of the belly; solu trials but one, it is still as much odds at the last tive ; purgative.
remaining time, as it was at the first. Bentley Millet is diarrhatic, cleansing, and useful in
To Dice. v. 1. (from the noun.] To diseases of the kidneys.
game with dice. Di'ARY. n. s. (diarium, Latin.] An ac
I was as virtuously given as a gentleman need count of the transactions, accidents,
to be; virtuous enough ; swore little; diced not
above seven times a week. Sbakspeare. and observations of every day; a Di'ce-Box. n. s. [dice and box.] 'The journal.
box from which the dice are thrown. In sea voyages, where there is nothing to be
What would you say, should you see the seen but sky and sea, men make diaries; but, in sparkler shaking her elbow for a whole night toland-travel, wherein so much is to be observed,
gether, and thumping the table with a dice-box? they omit it. Bacon,
Addisor. I go on in my intended diary. Tatier.
Di'cer. n. s. [fom dice.] A player at DIA'STOLE, n. s. [soum.]
dice; a gamester. A figure in rhetorick, by which a
They make marriage vows short syllable is made long.
As false as dicers' oaths.
Sbakspeert 2. Thę dilatation of the heart.
Dich. This word seems corrupted from The systole scems to resemble the forcible dit for do it. bending of a spring, and the diastole its flying dut:
Rich men sin, and I eat root: again to its natural state.
Rzy: Much good dich thy good heart, Apemantus. DIA'STYLE. [dic, and.gomos, os pillas. A
Shakspeare's Timon. sort of edifice, muliere the pillars stand at DICHOʻTOMY. n. s. [dixotouéz.] Distri. such a distance from one anollericht
bution of ideas by pairs. three diameters of theit 'thickness are
Some persons have disturbed the order of na
pure, allowed for intercolumniscioni.. Harris
and abused their readers by an affectation
of dichotomies, trichotomies, sevens, twelves, &c. DIATE'SSERON. n. s. [of.càqand risoigãos Let the nature of the subject, considered toge
four.) An interval irfomu jck, com ther with the design which you have in view, posed of one greater tone, one lesser,
alsays determine the number of parts into which and one greater semitone : its propor.
you divide it.
Watts tion being as four to three. It is called, Dickens. A kind of adverbial exclamain musical coinposition, a perfect fourth.
tion, importing, as it seems, much the Harris.
same with the devil; but I know not DIATOʻNICK. [of autóvo;.] The ordi
Where had pary sort of musick which proceeds by
-I cannot tell what the dickens his name is different tones, either in ascending or my husband had him of. descending It contains only the two
'What a dickens does he mean by a trivial sum? greater and lesser tones, and the greater -But ha'n't you found it, sir?
Harris. Di'ckar of Leather. n. s. [dicra, low DIAZE'UTICK Tone. (of dà and full you...?
Latin.) Ten hides.
Dict. In the ancient Greek musick, disjoined
TO DICTATE. v. a. (dicto, Latin.] two-fourths, one on each side of it; and
To deliver to another with authority which, being joined to either, made a
to declare with confidence. fifth. This is, in our musick, from A
The spoils of elephants the roofs inlay,
And studded amber darts a golden ray; to B.
Such, and not nobler, in the realms above, They allowed to this diazeutick cone, which is My wonder dictates is the dome of Jove. Pope. our La, Mi, the proportion of nine to eight, as Whatsoever is dictated to us by God himself, being the unalterable difference of the finth and or by nien who are divinely inspired, must be fourth. Harris. believed with full assurance.
Warts. Di'BBLE. . s. [from diffel, Dutch, a
DictaT6. n. s. [dictatum, Lat.] Rule or sharp point, Skinner; from dabble, J4. maxim delivered with authority ; pre. nius. A small spade; a pointed in. scription; prescript.
hours De er
Pert. Dict DIE. paru
letters and characters, notes and dashes, which,
Those right helps of art, which will scarce be An army, or a parliament, is a collection of found by those who servilely confine themselves men; a dictionery, or nomenclature, is a collec
Locke. to the dictates of others.
tion of words.
I credit what the Grecian dictates say, Dip. of do. (018, Saxon.)
Thou canst not say I did it. Sbakspeare.
Dict. 2. The sign of the preter-imperfect tense, DICTATOR. 7. s. [Latin.)
or perfect. 1. A niagistrate of Rome, made in times When did his pen on learning fix a brand, of exigence and distress, and invested
Or rail at arts he did not understand? Dryden. with absolute authority
3. It is sometimes used emphatically as Kind dictators made, when they came home,
I did really love him. * Their vanquish'd foes free citizens of Rome. DIDACTICAL. 1 adj. (Sidáxtixos:] Pre.
Waller. Du'crick. ceptive ; giving preJulius with honour tam'd Rome's foreign cepts: as a didactick poem is a poem But patriots fell, ere the dictator rose.
that gives rules for some art ; as the
The means used to this purpose are partly
didactical, and partly protreptical ; demonstratTo him, their great dictator.
ing the truth of the gospel, and then urging the 3. One whose credit or authority enables
professors of those truths to be stedfast in the him to direct the conduct or opinion of
faith, and to beware of infidelity, Ward on Inpd. Di'DAPPER. 1. s. [from dip.] A bird
that dives into the water. Nor is it a small power it gives one man over DIDASCA’LICK. adj
. (dodaoxalıxos.] Preanother, to have the authority to be the dictator of principles, and teacher of unquestionable
ceptive ; didactick ; giving precepts in truths.
some art. That riches, honours, and outward splendour, I found it necessary to form some story, and should set up persons for dictators
to the rest of mankind, is a most shameful invasion of the
give a kind of body to the poem: under what
species it may be comprehended, whether didus
Watts. calick or heroick, I leave to the judgment of the DICTATOʻRIAL. adj. (from dictátor.)
Prior. Authoritative ; confident; dogmatical ;
To Di'dder. v. a. (diddern, Teut. zittern,
Germ.) To quake with cold; to shiver. A young academick often dwells upon a journal , or an observator that treats of trade and
A provincial word.
Skinner. politicks in a dictatorial stile, and is lavish in the
Dipst. The second person of the preter
tense of do. See Did. Watts.
Oh last and best of Scots! who didst main
tain This is the solemnest title they can confer
Thy country's freedom from a foreiga reign.
Dryden. under the princedom, being indeed all kind of Didu'ction. n. s. [diductio, Latin.)
Separation by withdrawing one part from the other.
He ought to shew what kind of stringe they
are, which, though strongly fastened to the inside het
of the receiver and superficies of the bladder, must draw as forcibly one as another, in compa
rison of those that within the bladder draw so as Dict.
to hinder the diduction of its sides. Boyles (diction, French; dictio,
To DIE. v. a. [deag, Saxon, a colour.)
So much of death her thoughts
All white, a virgin saint she sought the skies; For marriage, though it sullies not, it dies. Dryd.
[from the verb.) Colour ; tincture ; stain; hue acquired.
It will help me nothing
We have dainty works of feathers of won-
Darkness we see emerges into light,
Of midnight ease; another, when the grey
Of morn preludes the splendor of the day. Dry.l.
It is surprising to see the images of the mind
right of our understanding.
praise of the author.
Wotton. 2. Authority; insolent confidence.
This is that perpetual dictatorship which is exercised by Lucretius, though often in the wrong. DICTATURE. K. s. (dictatura, Latin.] The office of a dictator ; dictatorship.
Latin.) Style: language ; expression.
There appears in every part of his diction, or expression, a kind of noble and bold purity. DICTIONARY. n. s. (dictionarium, Lat:)
A book containing the words of any Die. n. S. language in alphabetical order, with explanations of their meaning; a lexicon; a vocabulary ; a word-book. Some have delivered the polity of spirits, and left an account that they stand in awe of charms, spells, and conjurations; that they are afraid of Det together, do signify nothing; and not only in the dictionary of man,
but in the subtler voca
Brown's Vulgar Errours. leit such a fault to translate simulacra images? I see what a good thing it is to have a good
stamped upon the aspect; to see-tho cheeks 10. To languish with pleasure or tender. take the die of the passions, and appear in all ness.
the colours of thought. Collier of the Aspect. To sounds of heav'nly harps she dies away, To Die. v. n. [readian, Saxon.]
And melts in visions of eternal day. Popa . 1. To lose life; to expire; to pass into 11. To vanish. another state of existence.
This battle fares like to the morning's war, Thou dost kill me with thy falsehood: and it When dying clouds contend with growing light. grieves me not to die, but it grieves me that thou
Sbakspeare. art the murtherer.
Sidney. The smaller stains and blemishes may die Nor did the third his conquests long survive, away and disappear, amidst the brightness that Dying ere scarce he had begun to live. Addison. surrounds them; but a blot of a deeper nature
Oh let me live my own, and die so too! casts a shade on all che other beauties, and darks To live ard die is all I have to do. Denbau. ens the whole character, Addison's Spectator. 2. To perish by violence or disease. 12. [In the style of lovers.] To languish
The dira only served to confirm him in his with affection. first opinion, that it was his destiny to die in the The
young men acknowledged, in love-letters, ensuing combat. Dryden. that they died for Rebecca.
Tatler. Talk not of life or ransom, he replies;
13. To wither, as a vegetable. Patroclus dead, whoever meets me, dies :
Except a corn of wheat fall into the ground, In vain a single Trojan sues-for grace;
and die, it abideth alone; but if it dic, it bring. But least the sons of Priam's hateful race:
eth forth much fruit.
Fobne Die then, my friend! what boots it to deplore? 14. To grow vapid, as liquor. The
great, the good Patroclus is no more! He, far thy better, was foredoom'd to die;
Die. n. š. pl. dice. [ulé, Fr. dis, Welsh.} And thou, dost thou, bewail mortality? Pope. 1. A small cube, marked on its faces with 3. It has by before an instrument of death. numbers from one to six, which game.
Their young men shall die by the sword: their sters throw in play. sons and daughters shall die by famine. Jerem. Keep a gamester from the dice, and a good 4. Of before a disease,
student from his book, and it is wonderful. They often come into the world clear, and
Sbakspeare. with the appearance of sound bodies; which,
I have set my life upon a cast, notwithstanding, have been intected with disease, And I will stand the Nazard of the dice. Shakse: and have died of it, or at least have been very ins He knows which way the lot and the dice shall firm.
Wiseman. fall, as erfectly as if they were already cast. 5. For commonly before a privative, and
South, of before a positive cause : these pre
2. Hazard ; chance. positions are not always truly distin
Eftsoons his cruel hand sir Guyon staid,
Temp’ring the passion with advisement slow, At first she startles, then she stands amaz'd;
And must'ring might on enemy dismay'd;
For th' equal die of war he well did know. At last with terror she from thence doth Ay', And loaths the wat'ry glass wherein she gaz'd,
So both to battle fierce arranged are;
Under my spear: such is the die of war.
Fairy Queen. Addison. Thine is th' adventure, thine the victory: Hipparchus being passionately fond of his own wife, who was enamoured of Bathyllus, leaped
Well has tiny fortune turn’d the die for thee.
Dryden. and died of his fall.
3. Any cubick body. 6. To be punished with, death.
Young crcatures have learned spelling of words If I die for it, as no less is threatened me, the by liavidg them pasted upon little flat tablets or king my old master must be relieved.
Watts. What is the love of our neighbour ? - Die. 1. s. plur. dies. The stamp used in -The valuing niin as the image of God, one for whom Christ died.
Hammond. 7. To be lost; to perish ; to come to
Such variety of dies made use of by Wood in
stamping his money, makes the discovery of nothing.
counterfeits more difficult.
Swifi. How now, my lord, why do you keep alone ? Di'er. 12. s. (trom die.] One who folOf sorriest fancies your companion making, Using those thoughts which should indeed have
lows the trade of dying; one who dies died
clothes. With them they think on. Sbaksp. Macbeth.
The fleece, that has been by the dier stain'd, If any sovereignty, on account of his pro
Never again its native whiteness gain'd. Wallera perty, had been vested in Adam, which in truth
There were some of very low rank and prothere was not, it would have died with him.
fessions who acquired great estates: coblers: Locke.
diers, and shoemakers gave public shows to the Whatever pleasure any man may take in
Arbuthnot on Coins. spreading whispers, he will find greater saris.
DI'ET. n. s. [diæta, low Latin; diaita.] faction by letting the secret die within his own 1. Foud; provisions for the mouth ; breast.
victuals. 8. To sink; to faint.
They cared for no other delicacy of fare, or His heart died within him, and he became as curiosity of diet, than to maintain life. Raleigh, a stone.
Time may come, when men 9. [In theology.) To perish everlast.
With angels may participate; and find
No inconvenient diet, nor too light fare. Milt, ingly. So long as God shall live, so long shall the
No part of stiet, in any season, is so healthful,
so natural, and so agreeable to the stomach, as damned dio.
Hakerill on Providende. good and well-ripened fruits. Temple.
Till he he dieted to my request.
DĽETER. His. [from diet.] One who
Milk appears to be a proper diet for human He sauc'd our broth as Juno had been sick, bodies, where acrimony is to be purged or avoid And he her dieter. Sbuksp. Cynlere ed; but not where the canals are obstructed, it Diete'TICAL.) elj. [dattutexn.]Kê. being void of all saline quality. Arbutbhet
. Dieterick. 'tating to diet; belong2. Food regulated by the rules of medi
ing to the medicinal cautions about the cine, for the prevention or cure of any
use of food. disease.
He received no other counsel than to refrain I commend rather some diet for certain sea from cold drink, which was but a dietethal causons, than frequent use of physick; for those diets tion, and such as culinary prescription mighe zker the body more, and trouble it less. Bacon. have afforded.
Brocon's Vud. Ers I restrained myself to so regular a diet, as to This book of Cheyne's became the subject of eat flesh but once a-day, and a little at a time, conversation, and produced even sects in the without salt or vinegar.
Temple. 3. Allowance of provision.
dietetick philosophy. Arluth. on Alinents.
To DIFFER. vin. [differo, Latin,}
properties and qualities 'not the same 1. To feed by the rules of medicine.
with those of another person or thing: She diets him with fasting every day,
If the pipe be a little wet on the inside, it will The swelling of his wounds to mítigate,
make a.diğering sound from the same pipe dry.
Bacon. And made him pray both early and eke late.
Thy prejudices, Syphax, won't discern
Whiat virtues grow from ignorance and choice,
Nor how the hero differs from the brute.
The several parts of the same animal differ in
Arbuthnot. The veins unfill'd, our blood is cold; and then
2. To contend; to be at variance. We post upon the morning, are unapt
A man of judgment shall sometimes hear To give or to forgive; but when we've stuf’d
ignorant men difer, and know well within him. These pipes, and these conveyances of blood,
self that those which so differ mean one thing, With wine and feeding, we have suppler souls
and yet they themselves never agree.
Bacon. Than in our priestlike fasts; therefore I'll watch
Here uncontrolld you may in judgment sit; bim
We'll never differ with a crowded pii. Roroe. I will attend my husband, be his nurse,
Shakspeare. 3. To be of a contrary opinion.
In things purely speculative, as these are; and Diet his sickness; for it is my office. Sbaksp.
no ingredients of our faith, it is free to differ Henceforth my early care
from one another in our opinions and senti. Shall tend thee, and the fertile burden ease;
Burnet's Theory Till , dieted by thee, I grow mature
There are certain measures to be kept, which In knowledge as the gods, who all things know.
may leave a tendency rather to gain than to irri. Milton.
tate those who differ with you in their sentiWe have lived upon expedients, of which no
Addison's Freebolder. country had less occasion: we have dieted a heal
Others differ with me about the cruth'and thy body into a consumption, by plying it with
reality of these speculations. Cheyne. Swift. Di'PFERENCE. n. s. [differentia, Latin.)
1. State of being distinct from somethingi For that I do suspect the lusty Moor
contrariety to identity.
Where the faith of the holy church is one, a 3. To board ; to supply with diet.
Sbaksp. Othello. difference between customs of the church dóth no harm.
Hooker. 2. The quality by which one differs froin another
This nobility, or difference from the vulgar, was not in the beginning given to the succession of blood, but to the succession of virtue.
that is to be found in nature, yet it is not convenient to consider every difference that is in things, and divide them into distinct classes under every such difference.
Locke. 3. The disproportion between one thing
and another, caused by the qualities of
Bo'hemia and your Sicilia. Sbaksp. Winter's Tale.
Oh the strange difference of man and man!
To thee a woman's services are due;
Here might be seen a great d'fference between men practised to fight, and men accustomed only to spoil.
physick instead of food. 2. To give food to.
I'm partly led to diet my revenge,
Hath leapt into my seat.
To Di'et. 0.1.
1. To eat by rules of physick.
I join with thee calm peace and quict;
Medicated liquors ; drink brewed with
The observation will do thar batter than the
day, Skinner; from diet, an old Ger-
An emperour in title without territory, who
but by a diet, er assembly of the estates of many free princes,
Raleigh. Dietary. adj. [from diet.] Pertaining to the rules of diet.
prescribes rules for eating; one who