Sidebilder
PDF

4. Dispute; debate ; quarrel; controversy. What was the difference?— It was a contention in publick. Shakspeare's Cyntheline. He is weary of his life, that hath a difference with any of them, and will walk abroad after daylight. Sandys. othing could have fallen out more unluckily than that there should be such differences among them about that which they pretend to be the only means of ending differences. Tilloison. 5. Distinction. Our constitution does not only make a differense between the guilty and the innocent, but, even among the guilty, between such as are more or less criminal. Addison's Freebo'der. 6. Point in question; ground of controversy. Are you acquainted with the difference That holds this present question in the court 2 - Shakspeare. 7. A logical distinction. Some are never without a difference; and commonly, by amusing men with a subtilty, blanch the matter. Bacon. 3. Evidences of distinction; differential marks. Henry had the title of sovereign, yet did not put those things in execution which are the true marks and differences of sovereignty. Davies. 9. Distinct kind. This is notoriously 4:nown in some distrences of bleak or fern. Brown's Vulgar Zrrours. To Du'ff or ENcE. v. a. [from the moun.] To cause a difference; to make one thing not the same as another. Most are apt to seek all the differences of letters in those articulating motions; wherens several conibinations of letters are framed by the very same motions of those organs which are commonly observed, and are differences by other concurrent causes. Holder. * Grass differenceth a civil and well cultivated region from a barren and desolate wilderness. Ray. We see nothing that differences the courage •f Mnestheus from that of Sergesthus. Pope. DI'FFERENT. adj. [from differ.] 1. Distinct; not the same. There are covered galleries that lead from the palace to five different churches. Zida.on. 2. Of contrary qualities. The Britons change Sweet native home for unaccustom'd air, And other climes, where diff'rent food and soil Portend distempers. Philips. 3. Uniike ; dissimilar. Neither the shape of faces, nor the age, nor the colour, ought to be alike in all figures, any more than the hair; because men are as different from each other, as the regions in which they are born are different. Dryden's Dufresnoy. Happiness consists in things which iroduce pleasure, and in the absence of those which cause any pain: now these, to different men, are very different things. Locke.

DIFFERE’NTIAL Method, is applied to the doctrine of infinitesimals, or infinitely small quantities, called the arithmetick of fluxions. It consists in descending from whole quantities to their infinitely small differences, and comparing together these infinitely small differences, of what kind soever they be and from thence it takes the name of the differential calculus, or analysis of infinitesimals. Harris.

DI’rr Exe NTLY. adv. [from differen:.j In a different manner. He may consider how differently he is affected by the same thought, which presents itself in a 3. writer, from what he is when he sinds it elivered by an ordinary genius. Addison. D1 FF ERING LY. adv. [from differing.] In a different manner. Such protuberant and concave parts of a surface may remit the light so differingly, as to vary a colour. Boyle DIFFICIL. adj. [difficilis, Latin.] 1. Difficult ; hard ; not easy; not obvious. Little used. That that should give motion to an unwieldy bulk, which itself hath neither bulk nor motion, is of as difficil apprehension as any mystery in Ilature. Glanville's Scopsis. ... Latin was not more difficit, Than to a blackbird 'tis to whistle. " Hudibrat. 2. Scrupulous; hard to be persuaded. . The cardinal finding the pope diff, il in granting the dispensation, doth use it as a principal argument, concerning the king's merit. that he had touched none of those deniers which had been levied by popes in England. ... Egoz. D1 FF Ici LN ess. n.s.. [from difficil.] Difficulty to be persuaded; incompliance; impracticability. A word not in use, but proper. There be that in their nature do not affect the good of others: the lighter sort of malignity turneth but to a crossness, or frowardness, or aptness to oppose, or difficilness, or the like ; but the deeper sort to envy and mere mischief. Bacon.

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small]
[ocr errors]

ficulté, French.] 1. Hardness; contrariety to easiness or facility. The religion which, by this covenant, we engage ... to observe, is a work of labour and difficulty; a service that requires our greatest care and attention. Rogers. 2. That which is hard to accomplish; that which is not easy. They mistake difficulties for impossibilities: a pernicious mistake certainly; and the more permicious, for that men are seldom convinced of it, till their convictions do them no good. South. 3. Distress; opposition. Thus, by degrees, he rose to Jove's imperial r- Seat: Thus difficulties prove a soul legitimately great. - Dryden. 4. Perplexity in affairs; uneasiness of circunnstances. They lie under some difficulties by reason of the emperor's displeasure, who has forbidden their manufactures. Addison on Italy. 5. Objection ; cavil. Men should consider, that raising diffcult'es concerning the mysteries in religion, cannot make them more wise, learned, or virtuous. - Swift. ‘so SIFFI’DE. v. m. [diffdo, Latin.] To distrust; to have no confidence in. With hope and fear • The woman did the new solution hear: The man diffides in his own augury, And doubts the gods. Di FF idence. n. 4. [from diffide.[ 1. Distrust; want of confidence in others. No man almost thought himself secure, and men durst scarce commune or talk one with another; but there was a general diffidence every where. acon's Hen. vii. You have brought scandal To Israel, diffidence of God, and doubt In feeble hearts, propense enough before To waver. Milton's Agonister. 2. Doubt ; want of confidence in ourselves. If the evidence of its being, or that this is its true sense, he only on probable proofs, our assent can reach no higher than an assurance or diffdo arising from the more or less apparent probability of the proofs. Locke. Be silent always when you doubt your sense; And speak, though sure, with seeming diffidence. cot. Whatsoever atheists think on, or •uto: they look on, all do administer some reasons for suspicion and diffidence, lest possibly they may be in the wrong; and then it is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God. Bentley. Di'FFIDENT. adj. [from diffide.] 1. Distrustful i doubting others. Be not diffident Of wisdom; she deserts thee not, if thou Dismiss not her, when most thou need'st her

nigh. Milton. Pliny speaks of the Seres, the same people with the Chinese, as being very shy and diffident in their manner of dealing. Arbuthnot. 2. Doubtful of an event, used of things; uncertain. I was really so diffiant of it, as to let it lie by me these two years, just as you now see it. Pope. 3. Doubtful of himself; not confident. I am not so confident of my own sufficiency, as not willingly to admit the counsel of others; but yet 1 am not so diffident of myself, as brutishly to submit to any man's dictates.

[ocr errors]

King Charles. :

Distress makes the humble heart diffident.

Clarissa.

To DIFFI'ND. v. a. [diffindo, Latin.] To cleave in two; to split. Dict. BIFF1'ssion., n. *. [differio, Lat.] The act of cleaving or splitting. Dict. Diff LA Tio N. m. s. [difflare, Lat.] The act of scattering with a blast of wind. Dict. D1 ffluence. } n. . [from diffluo, Lat.] JD1 FFlu E N cy. The quality of falling away on all sides; the effect of fluidity; the contrary to consistency. Ice is water congealed by the frigidity of the air, whereby it acquireth no new form, but rather a consistence or determination of its diffi:ency; and admitteth not its essence, but condition of fluidity. Brown's Pul. Err. I)1 ff tu Ext. adj. [diffuens, Lat..] Flowing every way; not consistent; not fixed. b1(FFORM. adj. [from forma, Latin.] Contrary to uniform ; having parts of different structure; dissimilar; unlike;

irregular: as, a difform flower, one of which the leaves are unlike each other. The unequal refractions of diffirm rays proceed not from any contingent irregularities; such as are veins, an uneven polish, or fortuitous position of the pores of glass. rwton101F Foo RM1TY. m. s. [from difform.] Diversity of form; irregularity; dissimilitude. - *While they murmur against the present dissure of things, they desire in them a difformity rom the primitive rule, and the idea of that mind that #. all things best. Brown. Diff RA Nchise MENT. m. s. [franchise, French..] The act of taking away the privileges of a city. To DIFFU'SE. v. a. [diffusus, Latin.] 1. To pour out upon a plane, so that the liquor may run every way; to pour without particular direction. When these waters began to rise at first, long before they could swell to the height of the mountains, they would diffuse themselves every way. Burnet's Theory. 2. To spread; to scatter; to disperse. Wisdom had ordain'd Good out of evil to create; instead Of spirits malign, a better race to bring Into their vacant room, and thence diffue His good to worlds, and ages, infinite. Milton. No sect wants its apostles to propagate and diffuse it. Decay of Piety. A chief renown'd in war, Whose race shall bear aloft the Latian name, And through the conquer'd world diffuse our * fame. Dryden. His eyes diffus'd a venerable grace, And charity itself was in his face. Dryden. Diff U's E. adj. [diffusus, Latin.] 1. Scattered ; widely spread. 2. Copious; not concise. DIFFU's Ed. participial adj. [from diffuse.] This word seems to have signified, in Shakspeare's time, the same as wild, uncouth, irregular. Let them from forth a sawpit rush at once, With some diffused song. Shakf. He grows like savages, To swearing and stern looks, diffus'd attire, And everything that seems unnatural. Shako.

[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

its beams, unstained and bright, to this and that part of the wall. Boyle on Colours. 2. Copiousness; exuberance of style. DIFFU’s 1 v E. adj. [from diffuse.] 1. Having the quality of scattering any thing every way. Diffisive of themselves, where'er they pass They make that warmth in others they expect: Their valour works like bodies on a glass, And does its image on their men project. Dryd. 2. Scattered; dispersed ; having the quality of suffering diffusion. ll liquid bodies are diffusive; for their parts, being in motion, have no connexion, but glide and fall off any way. Bornet. No man is of so general and diffusive a lust, as to prosecute his amours all the world o: b - So, th: The stars, no longer overlaid with weight, Exert their heads from underneath the mass, And upward shoot, and kindle as they pass, And with diffusive light adorn their heav'nly lace. Dryden. Cherish'd with hope, andfed withioy it grows; Its cheerful buds their opening bloom disclose, And round the happy soil diffusive odour flows: 1'rocr. 3. Extended. They are not agreed among themselves where infallibility is seated; whether in the pope alone, or a council alone, or in both together, or in the diffusive body of christians. ... Tillation. DIFF U's 1 v El Y. adv. [from diffusive.] Widely; extensively; every way. DIF Fu’s 1 v EN Ess. m. s. [from diffusive.] 1. Extension ; dispersion; the power of diffusing; the state of being diffused. 2. Want of conciseness; large compass of expression. The fault that I find with a modern legend, is its diffusiveness; you have sometimes the whole side of a medal over-run with it. Addis. on Med. Te DIG. v. a. pret. dug, or digged; part. pass, dug, or digged. [big, Saxon, a ditch; dyger, Danish, to dig.] 1. To pierce with a spade. Then said he unto me, Son of man, dig now in the wall. and when I had digged in the wall, I beheld a door. Ezekies. 2. To form o digging. Seek with heart and mouth to build up the walls of Jerusalem which you have broken down; and to fill up the mines that you have digged, by craft and subtlety, to overthrow the Sarne. Whitgift. He built towers in the desert, and dogged many wells; for he had much cattle. 2 Chronicles. 3. To cultivate the ground by turning it with a spade. The walls of your garden, without their furniture, look as ill as those of your house; so that you cannot dig up your garden too often. Temple. Be first to dig the ground, be first to burn The branches lopt. Dryden's Pirgil. 4. To pierce with a sharp point. A rav'nous vulture in his open'd side Her crooked beak and cruel talons tried; Still for the growing liver disg'd his breast, The growing liver still supplied the feast. Dryd. 5. To gain by digging. It is digged out of even the highest mountains, and all parts of the earth contingently; as the pyrites. Woodward. Nor was the ground alone requir'd to bear Her annual income to the crooked share;

o greedy mortals, rummaging her stere, * §g'd from her entrails first the precious ore. *yden's Ovid. To Di G. v. n. To work with a spade ; to work in making holes, or turning the ground. They long for death, but it cometh not; and dig for it more than for hid treasures. još. The Italians have often dug into lands, described in old authors as the places where statues or obelisks stood, and seldom failed of success. Addison's Travels. To Dig up. v. a. To throw up that which is covered with earth. If digg's up thy forefathers graves, And hung their rotten coffins up in chains, It would not slake nuine ire. Shaksp. Dr. G AM Y. a. s. [X,Yap 2.] Second marriage ; marriage to a second wife after the death of the first: as bigamy, having two wives at once. Dr. Champny only proves, that archbishop Cranmer was twice married; which is not denied: but brings nothing to prove that such bigamy, or digany rather, deprives a bishop of the lawful use of his power of ordaining. Bishop Ferne. D1 GE RENT. adj. [digerens, Lat.] That has the power of digesting, or causing digestion. Dict. D1' Gest. m. s. [digesta, Latin.] The pandect of the civil law, containing the opinions of the ancient lawyers. I had a purpose to make a particular dorst, or recompilement to the laws of mine own nation. - Bacon. Laws in the digest shew that the Romans applicd themselves to trade. Arbuthnot on Coins. To DIGES T. v. a. [digero, digestum, Latin.] . 1. To distribute into various classes or repositories; to range or dispose methodically. 2. To concoct in the stomach, so as that the various particles of food may be applied to their proper use. If little faults, proceeding on distemper, Shall not be wink'd at, how shall we stretch our

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

One to beget, and one receive, the brood. Prior. 3. To soften by heat, as in a boiler, or in a dunghil; a chymical term. 4. To range methodically in the mind; to apply knowledge by meditation to its proper use. Chosen friends with sense refin'd, Learning digested well. Thomson. 5. To reduce to any plan, scheme, or method. Our play Leaps o'er the vaunt and firstlings of those broils, *Ginning 'ith' middle : starting thence away To what may be digested in a play. Shaksp. 6. To receive without loathing or repugnance; not to reject. First, let us go to dinner. —Nay, let me praise you while I have a stomach. —No, pray thee, let it serve for table-talk; . Then howsoe'er thou speakst, 'mongst other

things I shall digest it. Shakspeare's Mer. of Pen.

The Pleasance of numbersis, thatrudeness and barbarism might the better taste and digest the lessons of civility. J'eachum. 7. To receive and enjoy. Cornwal and Albany, With my two daughtersdowers, digest the third. Shakspeare. 3. [In chirurgery.] To dispose a wound to generate pus in order to a cure. To Dige’s r. v. n. To generate matter, as a wound, and tend to a cure. DIGE's rer. n. 4. [from digest.] 1. He that digests or disposes. 2. He that digests or concocts his food. People that are bilious and fat, rather than lean, are great eaters and ill digesters. Arbuth. 3. A strong vessel or engine, contrived by M. Papin, wherein to boil, with a very strong heat, any bony substances, so as to reduce them into a fluid state. Quincy. 4. That which causes or strengthens the concoctive power. Rice is of excellent use for all illnesses of the stomach, a great restorer of health, and a great digester. emple. DIGE's TIBLE. adi. [from digest.] Capable of being digested or concocted. Those medicines that purge by stool are, at the first, not digestible by the stomach, and therefore move immediately downwards to the guts. Baron's Natural History. D1 GE stion. m. s. [from digest.] 1. The act of digesting or concocting food in the stomach. Now good digestion wait on appetite, And health on both. Soak p. Macbeth. Digestion is a fermentation begun, because there are all the requisites of such a fermentation; heat, air, and motion: but it is not a complete fermentation, because that requires a greater time than the continuance of the aliment in the stomach: vegetable putrefaction resembles very much animal digestion. Arbutunot on Aliments. Quantity of food cannot be determined by measures and weights, or any general Lessian rules; but must vary with the vigour or decays of age or of health, and the use or disuse of air or of exercise, with the changes of appetite; and then, by what every man may find or suspect of the present strength or weakness of digestion. Temple. Every morsel to a satisfied hunger, is only a new labour to a tired digestion. South. 2. The preparation of matter by a chymical heat. We conceive, indeed, that a perfect good concoction, or digestion, or maturation of some metals, will produce gold. Bacon. Did chymick chance the furnaces prepare, Raise all the labour-houses of the air, And lay crude vapours in digestion there? Błael more. 3. Reduction to a plan; the act of methodising; the maturation of a design. The digestion of the counsels in Sweden is made in senate, consisting of forty counsellers, who are generally the greatest men. Temple. 4. The act of disposing a wound to generate matter. 5. The disposition of a wound or sore to generate matter. The first stage of healing, or the discharge of matto, is by surgeons called digestian. Shao.

Dice’s Tive: adj. [from digest.) 1. Having the power to cause digestion, or to strengthen the stomach. A chilifactory menstruum, or a digestive preparation, drawn from species or individuals, whose stomachs peculiarly dissolve lapideous bodies. Brown's Pul. Err. 2. Capable by heat to soften and subdue. The earth and sun were in that very state; the one active, piercing, and digestive, by its heat; the other passive, receptive, and stored with materials for such a production. Bale. 3. Methodising; adjusting. To business, ripen'd by digestive thought, This future rule is into method brought. Dryd. DIGE's T1 ve. m. s. [from digest.] An application which disposes a wound to generate matter. I dressed it with digestives. DIGE's TURE. m. f. Concoction. used. Neither tie yourself always to eat meatsofeasy digesture; such as veal, sweetbreads. Harvey. Di’ager. m. s. [from dig.) One that opens the ground with a o: When we visited mines, we have been told by diggers, that even when the sky seemed clear, there would suddenly arise a steam so thick, that it would put out their candles. Boyle. To DIGHT. v. a. [Solhran, to prepare, to regulate, Saxon.] 1. To dress; to deck; to bedeck; to embellish ; to adorn. It seems always to signify the past; the particle passive is dight, as dighted in Hudibras is perhaps improper. Let my due feet never fail To walk the studious cloisters pale; And love the high cmbowed roof, With antick pillar, massy proof; And storied windows ... dight,

Wiseman.

Not

Casting a dim religious light. Milton.
Just so the proud insulting lass
Array'd and digited Hudibras. Hudibras.

2. To put on. On his head his dreadful hat he dight, Which maketh him invisible to sight. Hubb. Tale. D1 GHT. m. s. [digitas, Latin.] 1. The measure of length containing three fourths of an inch. If the inverted tube of mercury be but twentyfive digits high, or somewhat more, the quic silver will not fall, but remain suspended in the tube, because it cannot press the subjacent mercury with so great a force as doth the incumbent cylinder of the air, reaching thence to the top of the atmosphere. Boyle's Spring of the Air. a. The twelfth part of the diameter of the sun or moon. 3. Any of the numbers expressed by single figures; any number to ten : so called from counting upon the fingers. Not only the numbers seven and nine, from considerations abstruse, have been extolled by most, but all or most of other disits have been as mystically applauded. Brown's Poulg. Errourt. Discit ATE D. adj. [from digitus, Latin.] Branched out into divisions like fingers: as a digitated leaf is a leaf composed of many small leaves. For animals multifidous, or such as are digitated, or have several divisions in their feet, there are but two that are uniparous; that is, men

and elephants. Irown's Pulgar ErreursDic1 Apra’tion. m. . [digladiatio, Lat.) • A combat with swords; any quarrel or contest. Aristotle seems purposely to intend the cherishing of controversial digladiations, by his own affection of an intricate obscurity. Glanville. 131° GN F1ED. adj. [from dignify.] Invested with some dignity: it is used chiefly of the clergy. Abbots are stiled jo clerks, as having some dignity in the church. Ayliffe's Parergon. DIGN if ic ATIo N. a. s. (#. dignify.] Exaltation. e- I grant that where a noble and ancient descent and merit meet in any man, it is a double dignification of that person. Walton's Angler. To bl’GNIFY. v. a. [from dignus and facio, Latin.] . s. To advance ; to prefer; to exalt. Used chiefly of the clergy. 2. To honour; to adorn; to give lustre to ; to improve by some *: excellence, or honourable distinction. Such a day, So fought, so follow'd, and so fairly won, Came not till now to #nis, the times Since Caesar's fortunes! Sbakup. Henry Iv. Not that we think us worthy such a guest, But that your worth will dignify our feast. Ben jonion. No turbots dignify my boards; But gudgeons, flounders, what my Thames affords. Pope. Disc NITARY. m. s. [from dignus, Latin.] A clergyman advanced to some dignity, to some rank above that of a parochial priest. If there be any dignitaries, whose preferments are perhaps not fiable to the accusation of superfluity, they may be persons of superior "...; - otors Disc NITY. m. s. [dignitas, Latin.] ". 1. Rank of elevation. o Angels are not any where spoken so highly of as our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, and are not in dignity equal to him. | Hooker. 2. Grandeur of inien ; elevation of o Some men have a native dignity, which will procure them more regard by a look, than others can obtain by the most imperious commands. - Clarissa. 3. Advancement; preferment; high place. Faster than spring-time show’rs comes thought, on thought, And not a thought but thinks on dignity. Shaks. For those of old, And these late dignities heap'd up to them. Shakt. 4. [Among ecclesiasticks.] By a dignity we understand that promotion or preferment to which any jurisdiction is annexed. Aysifie’s Parergon. 5. Maxims 3 general principles : xvgiai **ai. The sciences concluding from dignitier, and principles known by themselves, receive not satisfaction from probable reasons, much less from bare asseverations. Brown.

6. [In astrology.] The planet is in digmity when it is in any sign.

D1G Noorio N. m. s. . [from digno sco, Lat.] Distinction ; distinguishing mark.

That temperamental digratico, and conjec

-- -

ture of prevalent humours, may be collected from spots in our nails, we are not averse to concede. Brown's Pulg. Errourr.

To DIG RE'SS. v. m. [digressus, Latin] 1. To turn aside out of the road. 2. To depart from the main design of a discourse, or chief tenour of an argument. -. In the pursuit of an argument there is hardly room to digress into a particular definition, as often as a man varies the signification of any term. - Locke.

3. To wander; to expatiate. It seemeth (to digress no farther) that the Tartarians, spreading so far, cannot be the lsraelites. ' Brerewood. 4. To go out of the right way, or common track; to transgress; to deviate. Not in use. I am come to keep my word, Though in some part I am forced to digress, Which at more leisure I will so excuse As you shall well be satisfied. Shakop. Thy noble shape is but a form of wax, Digressing from the valour of a man. Shako. DIG RE’ssion. m. s. [digressio, Latin.] 1. A passage deviating from the main tenour or design of a discourse. The good man thought so much of his late conceived commonwealth, that all other matters were but digressions to him. Sidney. He, she knew, would intermix Grateful digressions, and solve high dispute With conjugal caresses. Asilton. Here some digression I must make, t'accuse Thee, my forgetful and ungrateful muse: Denhava To content and fill the eye of the understanding, the best authors sprinkle their works with pleasing digressions, with which they recreate the minds of their readers. Dryden. 2. Deviation, . . The digression of the sun is not equal; but, near the equinoctial intersections, it is right and f. ; , near the solstices more op; and esser. Brown's Pulg. Errouri. D1 Ju DICATION. n. 4. [dijudicatio, Lat.] Judicial distinction. Dix E. n.s.. [bic, Saxon ; dyk, Erse.] 1. A channel to receive water. The dykes are fill'd, and with a roaring sound The rising rivers float the nether ground. Dryd. The king of dyke. A than whom no sluice of

mu With deeper sable blots the silver flood. Pope. 2. A mound to hinder inundations. God, that breaks up the flood-gates of so great a deluge, and all the art and industry of man is not sufficient to raise up dykes and ramparts against it. Cowley. To DILA’CERATE. v. a. [dilacero, Latin.] To tear; to rend; to force in two. • “... The infant, at the accomplished period, struggling to come forth, dilacerates ...si. those parts which restrained him before. Brown. Di L Ace RATION. m. s. [from dilaceratio, Latin.] The act of rending in two. The greatest sensation of pain is by the obstruction of the small vessels, and dilaceration of the nervous fibres. - Arbuthnoa. To DILA’NIATE. v. a. [dilanio, Latin.] To tear; to rend in pieces.

« ForrigeFortsett »