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Dispute; debate ; quarrel ; controversy. DI'IFERENTLY. adv. (from differer:.]
What was the difference? It was a conten- In a different manner. tion in publick.
Sbakspeare's Cymbeline. He may consider how differently he is affected He is weary of his life, that bath a difference
by the same thought, which presents itself in a with any of them, and will walk abroad after
great writer, from what he is when he finds it daylight
Sandy's. delivered by an ordinary genius. Addisori. Nothing could have fallen out more unluckily DI'FFERINGLY. alv. (from differing.} than that there should be such differences among In a different manner. them about that which they pretend to be the only means of ending diferentes, Tillotson,
Such protuberant and concave parts of a sur
face may remnic the light so dijeringly, as to vary 3. Distinction.
Boyle Our constitution does not only make a differ- DIFFICIL. adj. [difficilis, Latin.] ence between the guilty and the innocent, but, even among the guilty, between such as are
1. Difficult ; hard; nut easy; not obvimore or less criminal. Addison's Freeboder.
Little used. 6. Point in question ; ground of contro
That that should give motion to an unwieldy
bulk, which itself hath neither bulk nor motion, versy. Are you acquainted with the difference
is of as difficil apprehension as any mystery in That holds this present question in the court?
Latin was not more difficil,
Than to a blackbird 'ris to whistle. Hudibras. 7. A logical distinction. Some are never without a difference; and com
2. Scrupulous; hard to be persuaded.
The cardinal finding the pope difficil in grante moniy, by amusing men with a subtilty, blanch the matter.
ing the dispensation, doth use it as a principal 8. Evidences of distinction ; differential
argument, concerning the king's merit, that he
had touched none of those deniers which had marks.
been levied by popes in England.
Bezon. Henry had the title of sovereign, yet did not Di'FFICILNESS. n. s. [from difficil.? Difput those things in execution which are the true marks and differences of sovereignty. Davies.
ficulty to be persuaded ; incompliance ; 9. Distinct kind.
impracticability. A word not in use, This is notoriously known in some differences of break or fern. Brown's Vulgar Errours.
Tliere be that in their nature do not affect To Di'FFERENCE. v.a. (from The noun.]
the good of others: the lighter sort of malignity To cause a difference ; to make one
turneth but to a crossness, or frowardness, or thing not the same as another.
aptness to oppose, or dificilness, or the like;
but the deeper sort to envy and mere mischief. Most are apt to seek all the differences of leto
Baron. ters in those articulating motions; whereas seve- 'DIFFICULT, adj. (diff:ilis, Latin.] al combinations of letters are framed by the very same motions of those organs which are
1. Hard ; not easy ; not facil. commonly observed, and are dijerenced by other
It is difficult in the eyes of this people. Zachar.
2. Troublesome ; vexatious.
Ray. Hardly; with difficulty ; not easily. We see nothing that diferences the courage of Mnestheus from that of Sergesthus. Pope.
A man, who has always indulged himself in DIFFERENT. adj. [from differ.]
the full enjoyment of his station, will difficulty
be persuaded to think any methods unjust that 1. Distinct; not the same.
offer to continue it.
Rogers' Sermons, There are covered galleries that lead from :he DIFFICULTY. n. s. [from difficult ; difpalace to five different churches. Adai-57. ficulté, French.) 2. Of contrary qualities. The Dritons change
1. Hardness; contrariety to easiness or Sweet native home for unaccustom'd air,
facility: And other climes, where diff'rent food and soil
The religion which, by this covenant, we enPortend distempers.
gage ourselves to observe, is a work of labour 3. Unlike; dissimilar.
and difficulty; a service that requires our greatest
care and attention. Neither the shape of faces, nor the age, nor
Rogers. the colour, ought to be alike in all tigures, any
2. That which is hard to accomplish; trore than the hair; because men are as different
that which is not easy. from each other, as the regions in which they
They mistake difficulties for impossibilities: a are born are different. Dryden's Dufresnoy.
pernicious mistake certainly; and the more pero Happiness consists in things which produce
nicious, for that men are seldom convinced of pleasure, and in the absence of those which it, till their convictions do them no good. Soutb. cause any pain : now these, to different nien, are
3. Distress; opposition. very different things.
Locke. Thus, by degrecs, he rose to Jove's imperial DIFFERENTIAL Method, is applied to the doctrine of infinitesimals, or infi
Thus difficulties prove a soul legitimately great. nitely small quantities, called the arith- 4. Perplexity in affairs; uneasiness of cir.
Dryden. merick of fluxions. It consists in de
cumstances. scending from whole quantities to their They lie under some difficulties by reason of infinitely small differences, and com- the emperor's displeasure, who has forbidden paring ingether these infinitely small
Addison en Italy. differences, of what kind soever they 5. Objection ; cavil. be: and from thence it takes the name
Men should consider, that raising difficult'es of the differeniial calculus, or analysis
concerning the mysteries in religion, cannot
make them more wise, learned, or virtuous. of infinitesimals. Harris.
To DIFFI’DE. V. th. (diffido, Latin.) irregular : as, á difform flower, one
The unequal refractions of diform rays proThe man difides in his own augury,
ceed not from any contingent irregularities; And doubts the gods.
such as are veins, an uneven polish, or fortuitous DÍFFIDENCE. n. s. (from diffide.[
position of the pores of glass. Newton. 1. Distrust; want of confidence in others. Difformity. n. s. [from difform.) DiNo man almost thought himself secure, and
versity of form ; irregularity; dissimimen durst scarce commune or talk one with
While they murmur against the present dis-
from the primitive rule, and the idea of that
Brown. In feeble hearts, propense enough before
mind that formed all things best.
privileges of a city.
To DIFFU’SE. v. a. [diffusus, Latin.) assent can reach no higher than an assurance or
1. To pour out upon a plane, so that the diffidonie arising from the more or less apparent
liquor may run every way; to pour probability of the proofs.
Locke. without particular direction.
Pope. mountains, they would diffuse themselves every
2. To spread ; 'to scatter; to disperse, in the wrong; and then it is a fearful thing to fall
Wisdom bad ordain'd
Good out of evil to create; instead
Of spirits malign, a better race to bring
Into their vacant room, and thence diffuse
His good to worlds, and ages, infinite. Miltor.
No sect wants its apostles to propagate and Dismiss not her, when most thou need'st her
Decay of Piety.
A chief renown'd in war, nigh.
Whose race shall bear aloft the Latian name, Pliny speaks of the Seres, the same people with the Chinese, as being very shy and diffident
And through the conquer'd world diffuse our in their manner of dealing.
Dryden. Arbutbrot. 2. Doubtful of an event, used of things;
His eyes difus'd a venerable grace, uncertain.
And charity itself was in his face. Dryden. I was really so diffident of it, as to let it lie
Diffu'se, adj. (difusus, Latin.] by me these two years, just as you now see it.
1. Scattered ; widely spread.
2. Copious; not concise.
DIFFU'SED. participial adj. [from diffuse.)
This word seenis to have signified, in as not willingly to admit the counsel of others; but, yet I am not so diffident of niyself
, as bru
Shakspeare's time, the same as wild, tishly to submit to any man's dictates.
Let them from forth a sawpit rush at once,
He grows like savages,
To swearing and stern looks, diffus'd attire,
And every thing that seems unnatural. Sbaksp. Dict.
DiffU'S EDLY. adv. [from diffused.) Dict.
Widely ;. dispersedly ; in manner of
that which is spread every way. act of scattering with a blast of wind. DIFFU’Sedness. n. s. [from diffused.]
The state of being diffused; disper
1. Widely; extensively,
2. Copiously; not concisely.
lise is water congealed by the frigidity of the Diffuʼsion. n. s. (from diffuse.]
1. Dispersion; the state of being scattered lecy; and adınitteth not its essence, but condi
Whereas all bodies act either by the commu
nication of their natures, or hy the impressions ing every way; not consistent; not
and signatures their motions, the diffusion of species visible seemcth to participate more of the former operation, and the species audible of the latter.
Bacon's Nat. Hist. A sheet of very well sleeked marble paper did not cast distinct colours upon the wall, nor throw its light with an equal difusion; but threw
To cleave in two; to split.
act of cleaving or splitting.
DIFFLUENCE. I n. s. [from diffluo, Lat.)
tion of fluidity
Contrary to uniform ; having parts of
its beams, unstained and bright, to this and that But greedy mortals, rummaging her stott,
Diggd from her entrails first the precious are 2. Copiousness; exuberance of style.
Dryden's Ovid. DIFFU'SIVE, adj. (from diffuse.)
To Dig, v. n. To work with a spade ; 1. Having the quality of scattering any
to work in making holes, or, turning thing every way.
the ground. Difusive of themselves, where'er they pass
They long for death, but it coineth not; and They make that warmth in others they expect:
dig for it more than for hid treasures.
Fob. Their valour works like bodies on a glass,
The Italians have often dug into lands, deAnd does its image on their men project. Dryd.
scribed in old authors as the places where statues 2. Scattered ; dispersed; having the
or obelisks stood, and seldom failed of svecess. qua
Addison's Travels. lity of suffering diffusion. All liquid bodies are diffusive; for their parts,
To Dig up. v. a. To throw up that being in motion, have no connexion, but glide
which is covered with earth. and fall off any way.
Burnet. If i digg’d up thy forefathers graves, No man is of so general and difusive a lust,
And hung their rotten coffins up in chains, as to prosecute his amours all the world over. It would not slake mine ire.
Dr. Champny only proves, tha: archbishop Cherish'd with hope, and fed with joy ir grows;
Cranmer was twice niarried; which is not deIts cheerful buds their opening bloom disclose,
nied: but brings nothing to prove that such And round the happy soil diffusive odour flow's.
bigamy, or digamy rather, deprives a bishop of Prior.
the lawful use of his power of ordaining. 3. Extended.
Di'GERENT. adj. [digirens, Lat.]' That They are not agreed among themselves where infallibility is seated; whether in the pope alone,
has the power of digesting, or causing or a council alonc, or in both together, or in the
Dict. diffusive body of christians. Tillotsona Di'gest. . s. [digesta, Latin.) The DIFFU'SIVELY. adv. [from diffusive.] pandect of the civil law, containing the
Widely ; extensively; every way.. opinions of the ancient lawyers. DiffuʼSIVENESS. n. s. [from diffusive. } I had a purpose to make a particular digest, or 3. Extension ; dispersion; the power of recompilement to the laws of mine own nation.
Bacon. diffusing; the state of being diffused. 2. Want of conciseness ; large compass
Laws in the digest shew that the Romans ap
plied themselves to trade. Arbuthnot on Coins. of expression.
TO DIGEST. v. a. (digero, digestum, The fault that I find with a modern legend, is
Latin.) its diffusiveness; you have sometimes the whole side of a medal over-run with it. Addis.on Med.
1. To distribute into various classes or TO DIG. v.a. pret. dug, or digged; part.
repositoriés; to range or dispose mepass. dug, or digged. [dic, Saxon, a
thodically. ditch ; dyger, Danish, to dig.) 2. To concoct in the stomach, so as that 1. To pierce with a spade.
the various particles of food may be Then said he unto me, Son of man, dig now
applied to their proper use, in the wall, and when I had digged in the wall, If little faults, proceeding on distemper, I beheld a door.
Exckiel. Shall not be wink'd at, how shall we stretch our 2. To form by digging.
eye, Seek with heart and mouth to build up the When capital crimes chewd, swallow'd, and walls of Jerusalem which you have broken
digested, down; and to fill up the mines that you have Appear?
Shalsp. Henry V. digged, by craft and subtlety, to overthrow the
Each then has organs to digest his food;
One to heget, and one receive, the brood. Prior.
to apply knowledge by meditation to The walls of your garden, without their fur
its proper use. niture, look as ill as those of your house ; so Chosen friends with sense refin'd, that you cannot dig up your garden too often. Learning digested well.
Thomson. Temple. 5. To reduce to any plan, scheme, or Be first to dig the ground, be first to burn
method, The branches lopr. Pryden's Virgil.
Our play 4. To pierce with a sharp point.
Leaps o'er the vaunt and firstlings of those broils, A rav'nous vulture in his open'd side
'Ginning 'i th' middle : starting thence away Her crooked beak and cruel talons tried;
To what may be digested in a play. Still for the growing liver diggd his breast,
6. To receive without loathing or reThe growing liver still supplied the feast. Dryd.
pugnance; not to reject. s. To gain by digging.
First, let us go to dinner. It is digged out of even the highest mountains, -Nay, let me praise you while I have a stomach. and all parts of the earth contingently; as the -No, pray thee, let it serve for table-talk ; pyrites.
Woodward. Then howsoe'er thou speak'st, 'mongst other Nor was the ground alone requir'd to bear
things Her annual income to the crooked share ;
Sbakspeare's Mer. of Terte
I shall digest ic.
in the stomach.
The pleasance of numbers is, that rudeness and Dige'stive. adj. (from digest. ]
or to strengthen the stomach. 7. To receive and enjoy:
A chilifactory menstruum, or a digestive proCornwal and Albany,
paration, drawn from species or individuals, With my two daughters dowers, digest the third.
whose stomachs peculiarly dissolve lapideous Shakspeare. bodies.
Brown's Vid. Err. 3. [In chirurgery.) To dispose a wound
2. Capable by heat to soften and subdue. to generate pus in order to a cure.
The earth and sun were in that very state; the To Dige'st. v. n. To generate matter, one active, piercing, and digestive, by its heat; as a wound, and tend to a cure.
the other passive, receptive, and stored with DIGE'STER. 7, s. (from digest.]
materials for such a production. Hale. 1. He that digests or disposes.
3. Methodising; adjusting. 2. He that digests
To business, ripen'd by digestive thought, or concocts his food.
This future rule is into method brought. Dryde People that are bilious and fat, rather than lean, are great eaters and ill digesters. Arbutb.
DIGESTIVE. 1. s. [from digest.) An ap3. A strong resel or engine, contrived plication which disposes a wound to by M. Papin, wherein to boil, with a
DIGESTURE. n. s.
Concoction. Not used.
Quincy. 4. That which causes or strengthens the
Neither tie yourself always to eat meats of digesture; such as veal, sweetbreads. Harvey.
Digger. n. s. (from dig.) One that Rice is of excellent use for all illnesses of the stomach, a great restorer of health, and a great
opens the ground with a spade.
When we visited mines, we have been told
by diggers, that even when the sky seemed clear, ble of being digested or concocted.
there would suddenly arise a steam so thick,
that it would put out their candles. Boyle. Those medicines that purge by stool are, at To Dight. 0. a. [dihtan, to prepare, the first, not digestible by the stomach, and therefore move iminediately downwards to the guts.
to regulate, Saxon.) Bacon's Natural History.
1. To dress; to deck; to bedeck; to Dige'stion. n. s. [from digest.)
embellish; to adorn. It seems always 1. The act of digesting or concocting food
to signify the past: the particle passive
is dight, as digbted in Hudibras is perNow good digestion wait on appetite,
Sbaksp. Macbeth. Let my due lect never fail
With antick pillar, massy proof;
And storied windows richly digbt, greater time than the continuance of the ali- Casting a dim religious light.
Milton ment in the stomach: vegetable putrefaction resembles very much animal digestion.
Just so the proud insulting lass
Array'd and digbled Hudibras. Hudibras.
2. To put on.
On his head his dreadful hat he dight, rules; but must vary with the vigour or decays Dight. n. s. [digitus, Latin.)
Which maketh him invisible to sight. "Hubb.Tale. age or of health, and the use or disuse of air or of exercise, with the changes of appetite;
1. The measure of length containing three and then, by what every man may find or sus
fourths of an inch. pect of the present strength or weakness of
If the inverted tube of mercury be but twentyEvery morsel to a satisfied hunger, is only a
five digits high, or somewhat more, the quick.
silver will not fall, but remain suspended in the South. tube, because it cannot press the subjacent mer.
cury with so great a force as doth the incumbent cylinder of the air, reaching thence to the top
of the atmosphere. Boyle's Spring of the Air, cection, or digestion, or maturation of some
2. The twelfth part of the diameter of Bacon.
the sun or moon. 3. Any of the numbers expressed by sin
gle figures ; any number to ten : so
called from counting upon the fingers. Blaci more.
Not only the numbers seven and nine, from considerations abstruse, have been extolled by
most, but all or most of other digits have been made in senate, consisting of forty counsellers, Dictated. adj. [from digitus, Latin.]
as mystically applauded. Brown's Vulg. Errours. Temple.
Branched out into divisions like fina
gers: as a digitated leaf is a leaf com. $.
posed of many small leaves.
For animals multifidous, or such as are digitated, or have several divisions in their feet, there are but two that are uniparous; that is, men and elephants. Brown's Vulgar Errours,
new labour to a cired digestion.
We conceive, indeed, that a perfect good con-
Did chymick chance the furnaces prepare,
And lay crude vapours in digestion there?
The digestion of the counsels in Sweden is
The disposicion of a wound or sore to
stamped upon the aspect; to see-tho cheeks 10. To languish with pleasure or tender. take the die of the passions, and appear in all ness.
the colours of thought. Collier of the Aspect. To sounds of heav'nly harps she dies away, To Die. v. n. [readian, Saxon.]
And melts in visions of eternal day. Popa . 1. To lose life; to expire; to pass into 11. To vanish. another state of existence.
This battle fares like to the morning's war, Thou dost kill me with thy falsehood: and it When dying clouds contend with growing light. grieves me not to die, but it grieves me that thou
Sbakspeare. art the murtherer.
Sidney. The smaller stains and blemishes may die Nor did the third his conquests long survive, away and disappear, amidst the brightness that Dying ere scarce he had begun to live. Addison. surrounds them; but a blot of a deeper nature
Oh let me live my own, and die so too! casts a shade on all che other beauties, and darks To live ard die is all I have to do. Denbau. ens the whole character, Addison's Spectator. 2. To perish by violence or disease. 12. [In the style of lovers.] To languish
The dira only served to confirm him in his with affection. first opinion, that it was his destiny to die in the The
young men acknowledged, in love-letters, ensuing combat. Dryden. that they died for Rebecca.
Tatler. Talk not of life or ransom, he replies;
13. To wither, as a vegetable. Patroclus dead, whoever meets me, dies : In vain a single Trojan sues-for grace;
Except a corn of wheat fall into the ground,
and die, it abideth alone; but if it dic, it bring. But least the sons of Priam's hateful race:
eth forth much fruit. Die then, my friend! what boots it to deplore? 14. To grow vapid, as liquor.
great, the good Patroclus is no more! He, far thy better, was foredoom'd to die;
Die. n. š. pl. dice. [ulé, Fr. dis, Welsh.} And thou, dost thou, bewail mortality? Pope. 1. A small cube, marked on its faces with 3. It has by before an instrument of death. numbers from one to six, which game.
Their young men shall die by the sword: their sters throw in play. sons and daughters shall die by famine. Jerem. Keep a gamester from the dice, and a good 4. Of before a disease,
student from his book, and it is wonderful. They often come into the world clear, and
Sbakspeare. with the appearance of sound bodies; which,
I have set my life upon a cast, notwithstanding, have been intected with disease, And I will stand the Nazard of the dice. Shakse: and have died of it, or at least have been very ins He knows which way the lot and the dice shall firm.
Wiseman. fall, as erfectly as if they were already cast. 5. For commonly before a privative, and
South, of before a positive cause : these pre
2. Hazard ; chance. positions are not always truly distin
Eftsoons his cruel hand sir Guyon staid, guished.
Temp’ring the passion with advisement slow, At first she startles, then she stands amaz'd;
And must'ring might on enemy dismay'd;
For th' equal die of war he well did know. At last with terror she from thence doth Ay', And loaths the wat'ry glass wherein she gaz'd,
So both to battle fierce arranged are;
Under my spear: such is the die of war.
Thine is th' adventure, thine the victory: Hipparchus being passionately fond of his own wife, who was enamoured of Bathyllus, leaped
Well has tiny fortune turn’d the die for thee.
Dryden. and died of his fall.
3. Any cubick body. 6. To be punished with, death. If I die for it, as no less is threatened me, the
Young crcatures have learned spelling of words
by liavidg them pasted upon little flat tablets or king my old master must be relieved.
Watts. What is the love of our neighbour ? - Die. 1. s. plur. dies. The stamp used in -The valuing niin as the image of God, one for whom Christ died.
Hammond. 7. To be lost; to perish ; to come to
Such variety of dies made use of by Wood in
stamping his money, makes the discovery of nothing.
counterfeits more difficult.
Swifi. How now, my lord, why do you keep alone ? Di'er. 12. s. (trom die.] One who folOf sorriest fancies your companion making, Using those thoughts which should indeed have
lows the trade of dying; one who dies died
clothes. With them they think on. Sbaksp. Macbeth.
The fleece, that has been by the dier stain'd, If any sovereignty, on account of his pro
Never again its native whiteness gain'd. Wallera perty, had been vested in Adam, which in truth
There were some of very low rank and prothere was not, it would have died with him.
fessions who acquired great estates: coblers: Locke.
diers, and shoemakers gave public shows to the Whatever pleasure any man may take in
Arbuthnot on Coins. spreading whispers, he will find greater saris.
DI'ET. n. s. [diæta, low Latin; diaita.] faction by letting the secret die within his own 1. Foud; provisions for the mouth ; breast.
victuals. 8. To sink; to faint.
They cared for no other delicacy of fare, or His heart died within him, and he became as curiosity of diet, than to maintain life. Raleigh, a stone.
Time may come, when men 9. [In theology.) To perish everlast
With angels may participate; and find
No inconvenient diet, nor too light fare. Milt, ingly. So long as God shall live, so long shall the
No part of stiet, in any season, is so healthful, damned dio. Hakerill on Providende.
so natural, and so agreeable to the stomach, as good and well-ripened fruits.