« ForrigeFortsett »
Dispute; debate ; quarrel.; controversy. Di'PPERENTLY. adv. [from different.]
What was the difference? It was a conten In a different manner. tion in publick. Sbakspeare's Cymbeline.
He may consider how differently he is affected He is weary of his life, that hath a diffror:40 by the same thought, which presents itself in a with any of them, and will walk abroad after
great writer, from what he is when he finds it daylight.
Sandys. delivered by an ordinary genius. Addisori. Nothing could have fallen out more unluckily DifferINGLY. adv. (from differing.] than that there should be such differences among
In a different manner. them about that which they pretend to be the only means of ending diferences. Tillotson.
Such protuberant and concave parts of a sur
face may remit the light so differingly, as to vary 5. Distinction.
Boyle Our constitution does not only make a differ- DIFFICIL. adj. [difficilis, Latin.] ense between the guilty and the innocent, but,
1. Difficult ; hard, nut easy; not obvi. even among the guilty, between such as are
more or less criminal. Addison's Freebo’der. ous. Little used. 6. Point in question ; ground of contro
That that should give motion to an unwieldy
bulk, which itself hath neither bulk nor motion, versy. Are you acquainted with the difference
is of as dificil apprehension as any mystery in
Glanville's Scepsis. That holds this present question in the court?
Latin was not more difficil,
Than to a blackbird 'tis to whistle. Hudibras. 7. A logical distinction. Some are never without a difference; and com
2. Scrupulous; hard to be persuaded.
The cardinal finding the pope difficiling moniy, by amusing men with a builty, blanch
ngrant. the matter.
ing the dispensation, doth use it as a principal 8. Evidences of distinction; differential
argument, concerning the king's merit, that ne
had touched none of those deniers which had marks.
been levied by popes in England.
Bacon. Henry had the title of sovereign, yet did not Di'FFICILNESS. n. s. [from difficil.) Difput those things in cxecution which are the true marks and differences of sovereignty. Dusics.
ficulty to be persuaded ; incompliance; 9. Distinct kind.
impracticability. A word not in use, This is notoriously known in some differences of break or fern. Broun's Vulgar Zrrours.
There be that in their nature do not affect To Di'FFERENCE. V. a. (from the noun.]
the good of others: the lighter sort of malignity
turneth but to a crossness, or frowardness, or To cause a difference ; to make one thing not the same as another.
aptness to oppose, or difficilness, or the like;
but the deeper sort to envy and mere mischief. Most are apt to seek all the differences let.
Bacon. . ters in those articulating motions; whereas seve- 'DI'FFICULT. adj. [difi-ilis, Latin.] al combinations of letters are framed by the very same motions of those organs which are
1. Hard ; not easy ; not facil. commonly obscrved, and are differenced by other
It is difficult in the eyes of this people. Zacbar. Holder.
2. Troublesome ; vexatious. Grass differenceté a civil and well cultivated 3. Hard to please ; peevish; norose. region from a barren and desolate wilderness. DI'FFICULTLY. adv. [from dificult.]
Ray. Hardly; with difficulty ; not easily. We see nothing that differences the courage of Mnestheus from that of Sergesthus. Pope.
A man, who has always indulged himself in
the full enjoyment of his station, will difficultly DIFFERENT. adj. [from difer.]
be persuaded to think any methods unjust that 1. Distinct; not the same.
offer to continue it.
Rorers' Sermons, There are covered galleries that lead from the DiFFICULTY. n. s. [from difficult; difpalace to five different churches. Addison,
ficulté, French.) 2. Of contrary qualities. The Dritons change
1. Hardness; contrariety to easiness or Sweet native home for unaccustom'd air,
facility. And other climes, where diff'rent food and soil
The religion which, by this covenant, we enPortend distempers.
gage ourselves to observe, is a work of labour
and difficulty; a service that requires our greatest 3. Unlike; dissimilar.
care and attention. Neither the shape of faces, nor the age, nor
Rogers. the colour, ought to be alike in all tigures, any
2. That which is hard to accomplish; hore than the hair; because men are as different
that which is not easy, from each other, as the regions in which they
They mistake difficulties for impossibilities: a are born are different. Dryden's Dufresnoy.
pernicious mistake certainly; and the more pero Happiness consists in things which produce
vicious, for that men are seldom convinced of pleasure, and in the absence of those which
it, till their convictions do them no good. Soutb. cause any pain : now these, to different men, are
3. Distress; opposition. very different things.
Locke. Thus, by degrees, he rose to Jove's imperial DIFFERE'NTIAL Method, is applied to the doctrine of infinitesimais, or infi
Thus difficulties prove a soul legitimately great.
Dryden. nitely small quantities, called the arith
4. Perplexity in affairs ; uneasiness of cir. metick of Auxions. . It consists in de
cumstances. scending from whole quantities to their They lie under some dificulties by reason of infinitely small differences, and com the cniperor's displeasure, who has forbidden paring ingether these infinitely small their manufactures.
Addison on Italy. differences, of what kind soever they 5. Objection ; cavil. be: and from thence it takes the name
Men should consider, that raising difficulties of the differential calculus, or analysis
concerning the mysteries in religion, cannut of infinitesimals.
TO BIFFI'DE. v. 1. (diffido, Latin.) irregular : as, a difform flower, one
The unequal refractions of diform rays proThe man difides in his own augury,
ceed not troin any contingent irregularities; And doubts the gods.
position of the pores of glass. s. Distrust; want of confidence in others. Die FOʻRMITY. n. s. [from difform.) DiNo man almost thought himself secure, and
versity of form ; irregularity; dissimimen durst scarce commune or talk one with
While they murmur against the present dis-
posure of things, they desire in them a difformity To Israel, diffidence of God, and doubt
from the primitive rule, and the idea of that
mind chat formed all things best. Brown. In feeble hearts, propense enough before
Milton's Agonistes. DIFFRA'NCHISEMENT. 1. s. [franchise, 2. Donbt; want of confidence in our French.) The act of taking away the selves,
privileges of a city.
Lecke. without particular direction.
Pope. mountains, they would diffuse themselves every
Burnet's Theory. they look on, all do administer some reasons for suspicion and diffidence, lest possibly they may be
2. To spread ; 'to scatter; to disperse.
Wisdom had ordain'd
Good out of evil to create; instead
Of spirits malign, a better race to bring
Into their vacant room, and thence diffuse
His good to worlds, and ages, infinite Milton
No sect wants its apostles to propagate and Dismiss not her, when most thou need'st her
Decay of Piety.
A chief renown'd in war,
Whose race shall bear aloft the Latian name, with the Chinese, as being very shy and diffident
And through the conquer'd world diffuse our
fame. in their manner of dealing.
Dryden. Arbuthnet. 3. Doubtful of an event, used of things;
His eyes difus'd a venerable grace, uncertain.
And charity itself was in his face. Dryden. I was really so diffident of it, as to let it lie
DIFFU'SE, adj. [diffusus, Latin.) by me these two years, just as you now see it.
1. Scattered ; widely spread. 3. Doubtful of himself; not confident.
Pope. 2. Copious; not concise.
DIFFU'SED. participial adj. [from diffuse.) I am not so confident of my own sufficiency,
This word seenis to have signified, in as not willingly to admit the counsel of others; but yet I am not so diffident of myself, as bru
Shakspeare's time, the same as wild, tishly to submit to any man's dictates.
Let them from forth a sawpit rush at once,
To swearing and stern looks, diffus'd attire,
And every thing that seems unnatural. Sbaksp. Dict.
DIFFU'SEDLY. adu. [from diffusad. Dict,
Widely;. dispersedly ; in manner of
that which is spread every way act of scattering with a blast of wind. DIFFU’Sedness. n. s. [from diffused.] DIFFLUENCE. 7 n. s. [from difluo, Lat.)
The state of being diffused ; dispera
1. Widely; extensively,
Copiously ; not concisely. ar, whereby it acquireth no new form, but ra
water congealed by the frigidity of the Diffuʼsion. n. s. [from diffuse.] ther a consistence or determination of its difflu
1. Dispersion ; the state of being scattered Cory; and admitteth not its essence, but condi
Whereas all bodies act either by the commu
nication of their natures, or by the impressions ing every way; not consistent; not
and signatures of their motions, the diffusion of
species visible seemeth to participate more of the DIFFORM. adj. [from forma, Latin.)
former operation, and the species audible of the latter.
Bacon's Nat. Hist. Contrary to uniform ; having parts of
A sheet of very well sleeked marble paper different structure ; dissimilar ; unlike;
did not cast distinct colours upon the wall, nor throw its light with an equal diffission; but threw
TO DIFFI'ND. v. a. (diffindo, Latin.]
act of cleaving or splitting.
tion of fluidity.
its beams, unstained and brighn, to this and that But greedy mortals, rummaging her stote, part of the wall.
Boyle on Colours.
Digg d from her entrails first the precious are: 2. Copiousness; exuberance of style.
Dryden's Ovid. DIFFU'SIVE, adj. [froin diffuse.)
To Dig. V. n. To work with a spade ; 1. Having the quality of scattering any
to work in making holes, or, turning thing every way.
the ground. Diffusive of themselves, where'er they pass They long for death, but it corneth not; and They make that warmth in others they expect:
dig for it more than for hid treasures.
Fob. Their valour works like bodies on a glass,
The Italians have often dug into lands, deAnd does its image on their men project. Dryd.
scribed in old authors as the places where statues 2. Scattered; dispersed; having the qua
or obelisks stood, and seldom failed of success.
Addison's Travels. lity of suffering diffusion.
To Dig up. V. a. All liquid bodies are diffusive; for their parts,
To throw up that being in motion, have no connexion, but guide
which is covered with earth. and fall off any way.
If i digg'd up thy forefathers graves, No man is of so general and diffusive a lust, And hung their rotten cofins up in chains, as to prosecute his amours all the world over. It would not slake nuine ire.
Shalsp. South. DI'GAMY. 11. s. [aryawóz.] Second marThe stars, no longer overlaid with weight, riage ; marriage to a second wife after Exert their heads from underneath the mass, the death of the first : as bigamy, having And upward shoot, and kindle as they pass, two wives at once. And with difusive light adorn their hear'nly place.
Dr. Champny only proves, that archbishop Cherish'd with hope, and fed aith joy it grows;
Cranmer was twice married; which is not deIts cheerful buds their opening bloom disclose,
nied: but brings nothing to prove that such And round the happy soil diffusive odour flows.
bigamy, or digamy rather, deprives a bishop of Prior.
the lawful use of his power of ordaining. 3. Extended.
Di'GERENT. adj. [digerens, Lat.] That They are not agreed among themselves where infallibility is seated; whether in the pope alone,
has the power of digesting, or causing or a council alonc, or in both together, or in the
Dict. diffusive body of christians. Tillitser Digest. 1. s. [digesta, Latin.)
The DIFFU'SIVELY. adv. (from diffusive.] pandect of the civil law, containing the
Widely; extensively; every way.. opinions of the ancient lawyers. Diffu'sIVENESS. n. s. [from diffusive.] I had a purpose to make a particular disest, or 1. Extension ; dispersion; the power of recompilement to the laws of mine own nation.
Bacon. diffusing ; the state of being diffused. 2. Want of conciseness ; large compass
Laws in the digest shew that the Romans ap
plied themselves to trade. Arbuthnot on Coins. of expression.
TO DIGEST. w.a. [digero, digestum, The fault that I find with a modern legend, is
Latin.] its diffusiveness ; you have sometimes the whole side of a medal over-run with it. Addis, on Med.
1. To distribute into various classes or TO DIG. v.a. pret. dug, or digged; part.
repositories; to range or dispose mepass. dug, or digged. [dic, Saxon, a
- tlodically. ditch ; dyger, Danish, to dig.]
2. To concoct in the stomach, so as that 1. To pierce with a spade.
the various particles of food may be Then said he unto me, Son of man, dig now
applied to their proper use. in the wall, and when I had digsed in the wall, If little faults, proceeding on distemper, I beheld a door.
Ezekie'. Shall not be wink'd at, how shall we stretch our 2. To form by digging,
eye, Seek with heart and mouth to build up the
When capital crimes chew'd, swallow'd, and walls of Jerusalem which you have broken
digested, down; and to fill up the mines that you have
Shalsp. Henry v. digged, by craft and subtlety, to overthrow the
Each then has organs to digest his food;
One to beget, and one receive, the brood. Prior. He built towers in the desert, and disped many 3. To soften by heat, as in a boiler, or in wells; for he had much cattle. 2 Chronicles. a dunghil; a chymical term. 3. To cultivate the ground by turning it 4. To range methodically in the mind; with a spade.
to apply knowledge by meditation to The walls of your garden, without their fur its proper use. niture, look as ill as those of your house ; so Chosen friends with sense refin'd, that you cannot dig up your garden too often. Learning digested well.
To reduce to any plan, scheme, or Be first to dig the ground, be first to burn
method. The branches lopt.
Dryden's Virgil. 4. To pierce with a sharp point.
Leaps o'er the vaunt and firstlings of those broils, A rav'nous vuleure in his open'd side
'Ginning 'i th' middle : starting thence away Her crooked beak and cruel talons tried ;
To what may be digested in a play. Still for the growing liver digg’d his breast,
6. To receive without loathing or reThe growing liver still supplied the feast. Dryd.
pugnance; not to reject. s. To gain by digging.
First, let us go to dinner. It is digged out of even the highest mountains,
-Nay, let me praise you while I have a stomach. and all parts of the earth contingently; as the -No, pray thee, let it serve for table-talk ; pyrites.
Woodward. Then howsoe'er thou speak'st, 'mongst other Nor was the ground alone requir'd to bear
things Her annual income to the crooked share ;
I shall digest it.
Sbakspeare's Mer. of Vene
in the stomach.
The pleasance of aumbers is, that rudeness and Doge'stive. adj. [from digest.)
or to strengthen the stomach.
A chilifactory menstruum, or a digestive pre-
paration, drawn from species or individuals,
whose stomachs peculiarly dissolve lapideous
Brown's Vud. Err.
2. Capable by heat to soften and subdue. to generate pus in order to a cure.
The earth and sun were in that very state; the To Dige'st. v. n. To generate matter, one active, piercing, and digestive, by its heat; as a wound, and tend to a cure.
the other passive, receptive, and stored with Dice'sTER. 7, s. (from digest.]
materials for such a production.
3. Methodising; adjusting.
This future rule is into method brought. Dryd
DIGE STURE. n. s.
Concoction. Not so as to reduce them into a fiuid state.
Quincy. 4. That which causes or strengthens the
Neither tie yourself always to eat meats of easy
digesture; such as veal, sweetbreads. Harvey. Rice is of excellent use for all illnesses of the
Di'GGER. n. s. [from dig.] One that stomach, a great restorer of health, and a great
opens the ground with a spade.
When we visited mines, we have been told
by dirgers, that even when the sky seemed clear,
there would suddenly arise a steam so thick,
Those medicines that purge by stool are, at To Dight. v. a. [dihtan, to prepare,
to regulate, Saxon.)
1. To dress; to deck; to bedeck; to Digestion. n. s. (from digest.)
embellish; to adorn. It seems always 1. The act of digesting or concocting food
to signify the past: the particle passive
is dight, as digbted in Hudibras is perNow good digestion wait on appetite,
Shaksp. Macbeth. Let my due feet never fail
To walk the studious cloisters pale ;
With antick pillar, massy proof; plete fermentation, because that requires a
And storied windows richly digbt, greater time than the continuance of the ali Casting a dim religious light.
Miltonta ment in the stomach : vegetable putrefaction
Just so the proud insulting lass
Array'd and digbted Hudibras. Hudibras.
2. To put on.
On his head his dreadful hat he digbt,
Which maketh him invisible to sight. "Hubb.Tale.
1. The measure of length containing three
fourths of an inch.
If the inverted tube of mercury be but twenty-
five digits high, or somewhat more, the quick.
silver will not fall, but remain suspended in the
South. tube, because it cannot press the subjacent mer. 1. The preparation of matter by a chymi
cury with so great a force as doth the incumbent
cylinder of the air, reaching thence to the top We conceive, indeed, that a perfect good con
of the atmosphere. Boyle's Spring of the Air, coction, or digestion, or maturation of some
2. The twelfth part of the diameter of
the sun or moon.
gle figures; any number to ten : so
called from counting upon the fingers. Blackmore.
Not only the numbers seven and nine, from
considerations abstruse, have been extolled by The digestion of the counsels in Sweden is
most, but all or most of other digits have been made in sènate, consisting of forty counsellers, Dicitated. adj. [from digitus, Latin.]
as mystically applauded. Brown's Vulg. Errours. Temple.
Branched out into divisions like fina
gers: as a digitated leaf is a leaf com. S.
posed of many small leaves.
For animals multifidous, or such as are digitated, or have several divisions in their feet, there are but two that are uniparous; that is, men and elephants. Brown's Vulgar Errours,
new labour to a tired digestion.
metals, will produce gold.
Did chymick chance the furnaces prepare,
And lay crude vapours in digestion there?
dising; the maturation of a design.
who are generally the greatest men.
The disposicion of a wound or sore to
The first stage of healing, or the discharge of
DIGŁADIA’TION. 1. s. [digladiatia, Lat.) ture of prevalent humours, may be collected A combat with swords; any quarrel or
from spots in our nails, we are not averse to concede.
Brown's Vulg. Errours, contest.
Aristotle seems purposely to intend the che. To DIGRE'SS. vin. (digressus, Latin) rishing of controversial digladiations, by his own
1. To turn aside out of the road.. atrection of an intricate obscurity. Glanville.
2. To depart from the main design of a Di’GNIFIED. adj. [from dignify.} In discourse, or chief tenour of an argu
vested with some dignity: it is used ment. chiefly of the clergy.
In the pursuit of an argument there is hardly Abbots are stiled dignified clerks, as having room to digress into a particular definition, as some dignity in the church. Ayliffe's Parergon. often as a man varies the signification of any DIGNIFICA’tion. n. s. (from dignity. ]
3. To wander ; to expatiate. I grant that where a noble and ancient de It seemeth (to digress no farther) that the scent and merit meet in any man, it is a double Tartarians, spreading so far, cannot be the ls. dignification of that person. Walton's Angler: raelites.
Brereworden To BIGNIFY. v.a. (from dignus and 4. To go out of the right way, or comfacio, Latin.)
mon track; to transgrese; to deviate. 1. To advance; to prefer; to exalt. Not in use. Used chiefly of the clergy:
I am come to keep my word, 2. To honour; to adorn; to give lustre Though in some part I am forced to digress, to; to improve by some adventitious
Which at more leisure I will so excuse
As you shall well be satisfied. excellence, or honourable distinction.
Sbakst. Such a day,
Thy noble shape is but a form of wax, So fought, so follow'd, and so fairly won,
Digressing from the valour of a man. Shaksp. Came not till now to dignify the times
DIGRE'ssion. n. s. [digressio, Latin.) Since Cæsar's fortunes! Sbaksp. Henry iv. 1. A passage deviating from the main te.
Not that we think us worthy such a guest, nour or design of a discourse. But that your worth will dignify our feast.
The good man thought so much of his late Ben Jonson.
. conceived commonwealth, that all other matters No turbots dignify my boards;
were but digressions to him.
Sidney. But gudgeons, flounders, what my Thames af
He, she knew, would intermix fords.
Pope. Grateful digressions, and solve high dispute Di'GNITARY. 1. s. [from dignus, Latin.) With conjugal caresses.
Milton, A clergyman advanced to some dignity, Here some digression I must make, t'accuse to some rank above that of a parochial
Thee, my forgetful and ungrateful muse. priest.
Denham If there be any dignitaries, whose preferments
To content and fill the eye of the understandare perhaps not liable to the accusation of super
ing, the best authors sprinkle their works with fluity, they may be persons of superior merit.
pleasing digressions, with which they recreate the
minds of their readers. Swift.
Dryden. Di'GNITY. 1. s. [dignitas, Latin.)
2. Deviation, 3. Rank of elevation.
The digression of the sun is not equal; but,
near the equinoctial intersections, it is right and Angels are not any where spoken so highly of as our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, and are
greater ; near the solstices more oblique and not in dignity equal to him. Hooker. DIJUDICATION. n. s. [dijudicatio, Lat.}
Brown's Vulg. Errours. 2. Grandeur of mien ; elevation of aspect. Some men have a native dignity, which will
Judicial distinction. procure them more regard by a look, than others
Dix E. n. s. [dic, Saxon ; dyk, Erse.] can obtain by the most imperious commands
1. A channel to receive water.
Clarissa. The dykes are fill’d, and with a roaring sound, 3. Advancement; preferment; high place. The rising rivers float the nether ground. Dryd. Faster than spring-time show'rs comes thought
The king of dykes! than whom no sluice of on thought, And not a thought but thinks on dignity. Sbaks.
With deeper sable blots the silver flood. Pope. For those of old,
2. A mound to hinder inundations. And these lare dignities heap'd up to them. Shaks. God, that breaks up the flood-gates of so great 4. [Among ecclesiasticks.] By a dignity
a deluge, and all the art and industry, of man is we understand that promotion or pre
not sufficient to raise up dykes and ramparts
against it. ferment to which any jurisdiction is
TO DILA'CERATE. annexed. Ayliffe's Parergon.
v. a. [dilacero, s. Maxims ; general principles : xugiai
Latin.] To tear; to rend; :
to force do ai.
The infant, at the accomplished period, struge The sciences concluding from dignities, and
gling to come forth, dilacerates and breaks those principles known by themselves, receive not sa
parts which restrained him before. Brown. tisfaction from probable reasons, much less from bare asseverations.
DILACERA’TION, 1. s. [from dilaceratio,
Latin.]. The act of rending in two. 6. [In astrology.) The planet is in dig
The greatest sensation of pain is by the obnity when it is in any sign.
struction of the small vessels, and dilaceration of DIGNOʻTION, n. s. [from dignosco, Lat.] the nervous fibres.
Arbutbros Distinction ; distinguishing mark.
To DILA'NIATE, Y. a. [dilanio, Latin.] That temperamental digmotions, and conjec. To tear ; to rend in pieces.