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Rather than they would dilaniate the entralis of their own mother, and expose her thereby to be ravished, they met half way in a gallant kind. . . Howel's ngland"; Trars. To DILA'PIDATE, ov. n. [dilapida, Latin.] To go to ruin; to fall by decay. Dr L.APID as Tio N. m. s. [dilapidatio, Lat.] The incumbent's suffering the chancel, or any other edifices of his ecclesiastical living, to go to ruin or decay, by neglecting to repair the same : and it likewise extends to his committing, or suffering to be committed, any wilful waste in or upon the glebe-woods, or any other inheritance of the church. Ayliffe's Parergon. 'Tis the duty of all church-wardens to prevent the dilapidations of the chancel and mansionhouse belonging to the rector or vicar. Ayliffe. Dilat Abi'lity. n. . [from dilatable.] The quality of admitting extension. We take notice of the wonderful dilatability er extensiveness of the gullets of serpents: I have taken two adult mice out of the stomach ef an adder, whose neck was not bigger than my little finger. **. By this continual contractibility and also Hity, by different degrees of heat, the air is kept in a constant motion. Arbuthnot. DI la TABLE. adj. [from dilate.] Capable of extension. The windpipe divides itself into a great number of branches, called bronchia: these end in small air bladders, dilatatse and contractible, caFable to be inflated by the admission of air, and to subside at the expulsion of it. Arbuthnet. DiLATATION. n.f. [from dilatatio, Lat.] 1. The act of extending into greater space : opposed to contraction, The motions of the tongue, by contraction and dilatation, are so easy and so subtle, that you can hardly conceive or distinguish them aright. Bolder. 2. The state of being extended; the state in which the parts are at more distance from each other. Joy causeth a cheerfulness and vigour in the eyes; singing, leaping, dancing, and sometimes tears: all these are the effects of the dilatation, and coming forth of the spirits into the outward rts. Bacon's Natural Hiltery. The image of the sun should be drawn cut into an oblong form, either by a dilatation of every ray, or by any other casual inequality of the refractions. Newton. To DILATE. v. a. [dilato, Latin.] 1. To extend; to spread out; to enlarge : opposed to contract. But ye thereby much greater glory gate, Than had ye scrted with a prince's peer; For now your light doth more itself dilate, And in my darkness greater dcti, 2PFear.
Serzier. Satan alarm’d, Collecting all his might, dilated stood, Like Teneriff, or Atlas, unremov’d. Milton. Opener cf mine eyes, Dim erst; dilated spirits, ampler heart, And growing up to godhead witch for thee Chiefly I sought; without thee can despise. Milton. Through all the air his sounding frings allate ow, like that which touch'd our Hearts of late, MWauer.
Diffus'd, it rises in a higher sphere; DHat... its drops, and softens into air. I mark the various fury of the winds; These neither seasons guide, nor order binds: . They now dilate and now contract their force; Various their speed, but endless is their course. Prior. The second refraction would spread the rays one way as much as the first doth another, and wo dilate the image in breadth as much as the first ... doth in length. - - *trfar, 2. To relate at large; to tell diffusely and copiously. But he would not endure that woful theam For to dilate at large; but urged sore, With piercing words, and pitiful implore, Him hasty to arise. Fairy Queen. I observing, Took once a pliant hour, and found good means To draw from her a prayer of earnest heart That I would all my pilgrimage dilate, Whereof by parcels she had something heard, But not distinctively. Shakup. Qili.l.o. To Dil A^TE. v. m. 1. To widen ; to grow wide. His heart dilates and glories in his strength. Addison. 2. To speak largely and copiously. It may be behoveful for princes, in matters of grace, to transact the same publickly, and by themselves; or their ministers to dilate upon it, and improve their lustre, by any addition or eloquence of speech. Clarendon. DILA' To R. m. s. [from dilate.] That which widens or extends. * The buccinatores, or blowers up of the cheeks, and the dilators of the nose, are too strong in cholerick people. Arbuthnet. Di LAT of IN Ess. n. . [from dilatory.] The quality of being dilatory; slowness; sluggishness. DILATORY. adj. [dilatione, Fr. dilatorius, Lat.]. Tardy; slow ; given to procrastination ; addicted to delay i sluggish; loitering. An inferior council, after former tedious suits in a higher court, would be but dilatory, and so to little purpose. ará. What wound did ever heal but by degrees? Thou know'st *; work by wit, and not by wit And wit depends on dilatory time. Skał?. These cardinals trifle with me; I abhor This dilatory sloth, and tricks of Rome. Slake. Dilatory fortune plays the jilt With the brave, noble, honest, galsant man, To throw herself away on fools and knaves. Otzw A dilatory temper commitsinnumerable crue ties without design. Addison's Spectator. Dils' crios. m. . [dilectic, Latin.] The act of loving ; kindness. So free is Christ's dilection, that the condition of our felicity is our belief. Dile M M A. m. f. [??ouza-J 1. An argument equally conclusive by contrary suppositions. A young rhetorician applied to an old sophist to be taught the art of pleading, and bargained for a certain reward to be paid, when he should gain a cause. The master sued for his reward, and the scholar endeavoured to elude his claim
by a dilemma = If I gain my cause, I shall withhold your pay, because the judge's award will be against you ; if I lose it, I may withhold it, because I shall not yet have gained a cause. On the contrary, says the master, if you gain your cause, you must pay me, because you are to |. me when you gain a cause ; if you lose it, you must pay me, because the judges will award it. A dilemma, that Morton used to raise benevolence, some called his fork, and some his crotch. Bacca's Henry v11. Hope, whose weak being ruin’d is Alike if it succeed, and if it miss; Whom good or ill does equally confound, And both the horns of fate 's dilemma wound. - Cowley. 2. A difficult or doubtful choice; a vexatious alternative. A strong dilemma in a desp'rate case! To act with infamy, or quit the place. A dire dilemma, either way I'm sped; Hs foes they write, if friends they read, me dead. Pope. D1 LIGENe E. m. s. [diligentia, Latin.] Industry; assiduity ; constancy in business; continuance of endeavour; unintermitted application; the contrary to idleness. De thy diligence to come shortly unto me. 2 Timothy. , Brethren, give diligense to make your calling and election sure. 2 Peter. DI’LIGENT. adj. [diligens, Latin.] 1. Constant in application; persevering in endeavour; assiduous; not idle; not negligent; not lazy. Seest thou a man diligent in his business, he shall stand before kings. Proverbs. Constantly applied ; prosecuted with activity and perseverance ; assiduous. And the judges shall make diligent inquisition. cuteronomy. Tor LIGENT ly, adv. [from diligent.] With assiduity; with heed and perseverance ; not carelessly; not idly; not negligently. . If you inquire not attentively and diligently, you shall never be able to discern a number of mechanical motions. Bacon. The ancients have diligently examined in what consists the beauty of good postures. Dryden. ‘Dill. n.f. [cile, Saxon.] An herb, - which hath a slender, fibrose, annual root; the leaves are like those of fennel; the seeds are oval, plain, streaked, and bordered. IJill is raised of seed, which is ripe in August. - - Mortimer. DILU'CID. adj. [dilucidus, Latin.] 1. Clear; not opaque. 2. Clear; plain; not obscure. To Di Luscid Ate. v. a. [from dilucidare, Latin.] To make clear or plain j to explain; to free from obscurity. I shall not extenuate, but explain and dilucidate, according to the custom of the ancients. - JBrown's Puig. Erreurs.
To Dr M. v. a. [from the adjective.] 1. To cloud; to darken; to hinder from
Drt to crp Astro N. m.s. [from officiaatso, Latin.] . The act of making clear ; explanation ; exposition. DI’LUENT. adj. [diluens, Latin.] Having the power to thin and attenuate other matter. DI’l Ure NT. m. f. [from the adjective.] That which thins other matter. There is no real diluent but water: every fluid is diluent, as it contains water in it. ArouibnzfTo DILUTE. v. a. [diluo, Latin.] 1. To make thin ; to attenuate by the admixture of other parts. Drinking a large dose of diluted tea, as she was ordered by a physician, she got to bed. Locke. The aliment ought to be thin to dilute, demulcent to temper, or acid to subdue. Arbuth. 2. To make weak. The chamber was dark, lest these colours should be diluted and weakened by the mixture of any adventitious light. Newton. Di Lu’t e. adj. Thin ; attenuated. If the red and blue colours were more dilute and weak, the distance of the images would be less than an inch; and if they were more intense and full, that distance would be greater. Newton. Di Lu’re R. m. f. [from dilute.] That which makes any thing else thin. Water is the only diluter, and the best dissolvent of most of the ingredients of our aliment. Arbuthnot on Aliments. DILUT to N. m. s. [dilutio, Latin.] The act of making any thing thin or weak. Opposite to dilution is coagulation or thickening, which is performed by dissipating the most liquid parts by heat, or by insinuating some substances, which make the parts of the fluid cohere more strongly. Arbuthnot on Aliments. Di Lu’v 1A N. adj. [from diluvium, Latin.] Relating to the deluge. Suppose that this diluvian lake should rise to the mountain tops in one place, and not diffuse itself equally into all countries about. Burnet. DIM. adj. ['Slumme, Saxon; dy, Welsh ; dow, Erse.] 1. Not having a quick sight; not seeing clearly. For her true form how can my spark discern, Which, dim by nature, art did never clear 2 Davier. 2. Dull of apprehension. The understanding is dim, and cannot by its natural light discover spiritual truths. Rogers. 3. Not clearly seen ; obscure ; imperfectly discovered. We might be able to aim at some dim and seeming conception, how matter might begin to exist by the power of that eternal first Being. - Locke. Something, as dim to our internal view, Is thus perhaps the cause of all we do.
4. Obstructing the act of vision; not luminous ; somewhat dark.
Her face right wondrous fair did seem to be,
That her broad beauty's beam great brightness - threw Through the dim shade, that all men might it see.
Spenser. a full perception of light, and free exercise of vision. As where the Almighty's lightning brand does sim, while but Sim, in good repute did live; Was then a knave, but in diminutive. Cotton. a. A small thing. Not in use. Follow his chariot; monster-like, be shewn For poor'st diminutives, for doits! Shakup. DIMI’N UT1 v El Y. adv. [from diminutive.] In a diminutive manner. DIMI’N UT1 v ENEss. n.s.. [from diminufive. Smallness ; littleness; pettyness; want of bulk; want of dignity. Di'Mrs H. adj. [from dim.] Somewhat dim; somewhat obscure: 'Tis true, but let it not be known, My eyes are somewhat dimil grown; For nature, always in the right, To your decays adapts my sight. Swift. pi’MissoRY. adj. [dimirrorius, Latin.] That by which a man is dismissed to another jurisdiction. A bishop of another diocess ought neither to erdain or admit a clerk, without the consent of his own proper bishop, and without the letters dirmissary. Ayliffe's Parergon. positi Y. m. s. A fine kind of fustian, or cloth of cotton. - `I directed a trowze of fine dimitty. H/iteman. DI’M LY. adv. [from dim.] ... Not with a quick sight; not with a clear perception. Unspeakable! who sitt'st above these heav'ns, To us invisible, or dimly seen In these thy lowest works. . Milton. 2. Not brightly ; not luminously. in the beginning of our pumping the air,the match appeared well lighted, ough it had alo, most filled the receiver with fumes; but by degrees it burnt more and more only: eyle. I saw th' angelick guards from earth ascend, Griev'd they must now no longer man attend; The beams about their temples dimly shone; one would have thought the crime had been their own. Dryden. Di’m Ness. n.s.. [from dim.] 1. Dulness of sight. . A. want of apprehension ; stupidity. Answerable to this dimness of their perception, was the whole system and body of their religion. - Decay of Piety. '3. obscurity; not brightness. DI’MPLE. m. s. [dini, a hole; dintle a little hole; by a careless pronunciation dimple. , Skinner.] A small cavity, or depression in the cheek, chin, or other
- lisht, He dies the dazed eyen, and daunts the senses - quite. Spenser's Fairy Queen. It hath been observed by the ancients, that much use of Venus doth din the sight; and yet eunuchs, which are unable to generate, are uevertheless also dim sighted. Bacon. Every one declares against blindness, and }. who almost is not fond of that which dors his sight 2 Locke. For thee I dion these eyes, and stuff this head, With all such reading as was never read. Poe. 2. To make less bright; to obscure. A ship that through the ocean wide, By conduct of some star, doth make her way, When as a storm hath din's her trusty guide, Out of her course doth wander iar astray.
Spenser. - All of us have cause To wail the dimwing of our shining star. Shakup. Thus while he spake, each passion dimm'd his face, Thrice chang'd. , Milton. The principal figure in a picture is like a king among his courtiers, who dim, all his attendants. - Dryden. DIME(NSION. m. s. [dimensio, Latin.] Space contained in anything; bulk; extent; capacity. It is seldom used but in the plural. The three dimensions are length, breadth, and depth. T He tried o The tomb, and found the straight dimentions wide. I}ryden. My gentleman was measuring my walls, and ing the dimensions of the room. Szeft. PIME'N's 10 NL Ess. adj. [from dimension.] Without any definite bulk. - In they pass'd Dimensionless through heav'nly doors. Milton. BIME’Nsive. adj. [dimensus. Lat.] That marks the boundaries or outlines. All bodies have their measure, and their space; But who can draw the soul's dimensive lines 2 - Davies. D1 Mica’t 1o N. m. s. saimicatio, Lat.] A battle; the act of fighting; contest. Dict. DiMIDIATIo N. m. s. [dinidiatio, Latin.] The act of halving ; division into two equal parts. Dict. To DIMI’NISH. v. a. [ximinuo, Latin.] 1. To make less by abscission or destruction of any part : the opposite to intrease. That we call good which is apt to cause or increase pleasure, or diminish pain in us. Lotke. 2. To impair; to lessen ; to degrade. - . Impiously they thought Thee to diminish, and from thee withdraw The number of thy worshippers. Milton. 3. To take any thing from that to which it belongs : the contrary to add. Nothing was diminished from the safety of the Hy by the imprisonment of the duke. , Hayw. , , Ye shall not add unto the word which I command you, neither shall you diminisbaught from it. " - Deuteronomy. He DIMI'Nish. v. m. To grow less; to
What judgment I had, increases rather than dirinishes; and thoughts, such as they are, come crowding in so fast upon me, that my only difficulty is to chuse or to reject. Dryden. Crete's ample fields aiminish to our eye; Before the Boreal blasts the vessels fly. †† DIM 1 N is HING LY. adv. [from diminish.] In a manner tending to vilify, or lesSen. I never heard him censure, or so much as speak airwinishingly of any one that was absent. Locke. DIMINUTIo N. m. s. [diminutio, Latin.] 1. The act of making less : opposed to augmentation. The one is not capable of any diminution or augmentation at all by men; the *; to admit both. oaker. 2. The state of growing less : opposed to increase. The gravitating power of the sun is transmitted through #. vast bodies of the planets without any diminution, so as to act upon all their parts, to their very centres, with the same force, and according to the same laws, as if the part upon which it acts were not surrounded with the body of the planet. cottfar. Finite and infinite seem to be looked upon as the modes of quantity, and to be attributed primarily to those things which are capable of increase or diwinution. . . ocło. 3. Discredit; loss of dignity; degradation. Gladly to thee Heroick laurel'd Eugene yields the prime; Nor thinks it diminution to be rank'd In military honour next. Philip. 4. Deprivation of dignity ; injury of reputation. Make me wise by thy truth, for my own soul's salvation, and I shall not regard the world's opinion or diminution of me. King Charles. They might raise the reputation of another, though they are a diminution to his. Addison. 5. [In architecture.] The contraction of the diameter of a column, as it ascends.
Small; little ; marrow; contracted. . The poor wren, The most diminutive of birds, will fight, Her young ones in her nest, against the owl. - . - Shakop, Macbeth. It is the interest of mankind, in order to the advance of knowledge, to be sensible they have yet attained it but in poor and diminutive measure. , Glanville's Scopsis. The light of man's understanding is but a short, diminutive, contracted light, and looks not beyond the present. South. If the ladies should once take aliking to such a diminutive race of lovers, we should, in a little time, see mankind epitomized, and the whole species in miniature. Addison. They know how weak and aukward many of those little-diminutive discourses are. PWatts.
Di’M Ply. adj. [from dimple..] Fulf sf
dimples; sinking in little inequalities. As the smooth surface of the dimply flood
The silver-slipper'd virgin lightly trod. Warton.
DIN. m. f. [tyn, a noise; Syman, to make a noise, Saxon; dyna, to thunder, Is: landick.] A loud noise; a violent and continued sound.
And all the way he roared as he went, That all the forest with astonishment Thereof did tremble; and the beasts therein Fled fast away from that so dreadful din. - - Hubberd's Tale. O, 'twas a din to fright a monster's ear; To make an earthquake: sure, it was the roar Of a whole herd of lions. Shakop. Tempest. While the cock with lively din Scatters the rear of darkness thin : And to the stack, or the barn door, Stoutly struts his dame before. Now night over heav'n Inducing darkness, grateful truce impos'd, ... And silence, on the odious din of war. Milton. How, while the troubled elements around, Earth, water, air, the stunning din resound, Thro' streams of smoke and adverse fire he rides, While every shot is levelled at his sides. Smith. Some independent ideas, of no alliance to one another, are, by education, custom, and the constant din of their party, so coupled in their minds, that they always appear there together. - o:ke.
To DINE. v. m. [diner, Fr.] To eat the chief meal about the middle of the day. Perhaps some merchant hath invited him, And from the mart he's somewhere gone te dinner: Good sister, let us dine, and never fret. Slaho. Myself, he, and my sister, To-day did dine together. Słako. He would dine with him the next day. Claren. Thus, of your heroes and brave boys, With whom old Homer makes such noise, The greatest actions I can find, Are, that they did their work, and din'd. Prier. To Di NE. v. a. To give a dinner to ; to feed. Boil this restoring root in gen'rous wine, And set beside the door the sickly stock to do. Dryden's Pirgil. DiNET1cAL. adj. [\rarix@..] Whirling round ; vertiginous. Some of late have concluded, from spots in the sun, which appear and disappear again, that, besides the revolution it maketh with its orbs, it hatlı also a dinetical motion, and rolls }. its own poles. Brown's Pulgar Erreurs. A spherical figure is most commodious fordinetical motion, or revolution upon its own axis. , Ray.
To DING. v. a. pret. dung. [3ringen,
His well-arm'd front against his rival aims, And by the dint of war his mistress claims. Gay. To D1NT. v. a. from the noun.J To mark with a cavity by a blow, or violent impression. With greedy force each other both assail, And strike so fiercely, that they do impress Deep-dinited furrows in the batter'd mail: The iron walls to ward their blows were weak and trail. - Fairy Queen. Leave, leave, fair bride, your solitary bone, No more shall wou return to it alone; It nurseth sadness; and your body's print, Like to a grave, the yielding down doth dot. - Donne. Deep-dated wrinkles on her cheeks she draws; Sunk are her eyes, and tootbless are her jaws. Dryden's Aeneid. DIN U M ERA’tion. m. s. [..tinum: ratio, Lat..] The act of numbering out sin fly. Dioce’s AN. m. s. [from diocess.] A bishop, as he stands related to his own clergy or flock. As a diocesan you are like to outdo yoursehs in all other capacities, and exemplify every word of this discourse. outb. hcard it has been advised by a dioceran is inferior clergy, that they should read some of the most celebrated scimous printed by otl:ers. atter. DIOCESS. n.s. [diarresis; a Greek word, compounded of 2.3 and 32nziz.] The circuit of every bishop's jurisdiction; for this realm has two divisions, one into shires or counties, in respect of temporal policy; another into dioceses, in respect of jurisdiction ecclesiastical. - Cowell. None ought to be admitted by any bishop, but such as have dwelt and remained in his dioces: a convenient time. Whitgift. He should regard the bishop of Rome a the islanders of Jersey and Guernsey do him of Constance in Normandy, that is, nothing at all; since by that French bishop's refusal to swear unto our king, those isles were annexed to the dizzo., of Winchester. Raleigh's Essays. St. Paul looks upon Tito's as advanced to the dignity of a prince, ruler of the church, and intrusted with a large diocers, containing many particular cities, under the immediate government of their respective elders, and those deriving authority from his ordination. South. DIO PITRICAL.2 m. s. [3,442,2,..] AfDIO PTRIC. fording a medium . for the sight; assisting the sight in the view of distant objects. Being excellently well furnished with dioptrical glasses, he had not been able to see the sun spotted. Boyle. View the asperities of the moon through a optrick glass, and venture at the Proportion o her hills by their shadows. Moore. Dio PT Ricks. m. s. A part of opticks. treating of the different refractions of the light passing through different mediums; as the air, water, glasses, &c. Harris. Dior tho's 1s. m. f. [3.2:Szek, of 3 **** to make straight.] A chirurgical ovetion, by which crooked or disto tei members are restored to their prouit. v . and regular stape. Ha is C