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Rather than they would dilaniate the entralls Diffus'd, it rises in a higher spliore;
Howel's England's Tears. These neither seasons guide, for order binds: To DILAPPIDATE. vin. (dilapido, La- · They now dila:e and now contract their force; tin.) To go to ruin; to fall by decay.
Various their speed, but endless is their course.
Prior. DILAPIDA'TION. n. s. [dilapidatio, Lat.)
The second refraction would spread the rays The incumbent's suffering the chancel,
one way as much as the first doth another, and no or any other edifices of his ecclesiastical
dilate the image in breadth as much as the first living, to go to ruin or decay, by neg
doth in length.
For to dilase at large; but urged sore,
With piercing words, and pitiful implore,
I observing, "Tis the duty of all church-wardens to prevent Took once a pliant hour, and found good means the dilapidations of the chancel and mansion To draw from her a prayer of earnest heart house belonging to the rector or vicar. Aylife. That I would all my pilgrimage dilate, DILATABI’LITY. n. s. [from dilatable.] Whereof by parcels she had something heard, The quality of admitting extension. But not distinctively.
Sbaksp. Oilclia er extensiveness of the gullets of serpents: I We take notice of the wonderful diletability To DILA'TE. v. n.
1. To widen ; to grow wide.
It may be behoveful for princes, in matters in a constant motion.
of grace, to transact the same publickly, and by
themselves ; or their ministers to dilate upon it, ble of extension.
and improve their lustre, by any addition or eloquence of speech.
Clarendon. The windpipe divides itself into a great num- DILA'Tor. n. s. [from dilate.) That ber of branches, called bronchia: these end in mall air bladders, dilatable and contracrible, ca
which widens or extends. Fable to be inflaied by the admission of air, and
The buccinatores, or blowers up of the cheeks, to subside at the expulsion of it.
and the dilators of the nose, are too strong in
Aibutbnet. 1. The act of extending into greater space : opposed to contraction,
The quality of being dilatory; slow. The motions of the tongue, by contraction DI'LATORY. adj. [dilatiore, Fr. dila
torius, Lat.). Tardy; slow; given to
; 2. The state of being extended; the state
addicted to delay i
sluggish; loitering, in which the parts are at more distance An inferior council,
after former tedious suits
in a higher court, would be but dilatory, and so Joy causech a cheerfulness and vigour in the
to little purpose.
Heyward eyes; singing, leaping, dancing, and sometimes
What wound did ever heal but by degrees? tears: all these are the effects of the dilatation,
Thou know'st we work by wit, and not by and coming forth of the spirits into the outward
These cardinals trifle with me; I abhor into an oblong form, either by a dilatation of
This dilatory sloth, and tricks of Rome. Slaksa every ray, or by any other casual inequality of
Dilatory fortune plays the jilo
With the brave, noble, honest, gallant man,
Otway. A dilatory temper commits innumerable crucks ties without design.
Addison's Spectator. Dile'ction. n. s. [dilectio, Latin.] The act of loving; kindness.
So free is Christ's dilection, that the grand
Dile'MMA. n.s. (dramap.ac.]
1. An argument equally conclusive by
contrary suppositions. A young rhetorician applied to an old sophist to be
taught the art of pleading, and barMilton.
gained for a certain reward to be paid, when he should gain a cause.
The master sued for his reward, and the Waler.
scholar endeavoured so elude his claim
from each other.
For now your light doth more itself dilate,
Opener of mine eyes,
that which couch'd our hearts of
by a dilemma : If I gain my cause, I DILUCIDATION. n. s. [from dilucidatit, shall withhold your pay, because the Latin.) The act of making clear ; judge's award will be against you ; if I explanation ; exposition. lose it, I may withhold it, because I DI’LUENT. adj. (diluens, Latin.] Har. shall not yet have gained a cause. On ing the power to thin and attenuate the contrary, says the master, if you other matter. gain your cause, you must pay me, be- DI'LUENT. 1. s. [from the adjective.] cause you are to pay me when you gain That which thins other matter. a cause; if you lose it, you must pay There is no real diluent but water: every fluid me, because the judges will award it. is diluent, as it contains vater in it. Arbuihnet, A dilemma, that Morton used to raise bene
TO DILU’TE. v.a. [diluo, Latin.) volence, some called his fork, and soine his 1. To make thin ; to attenuate by the crotch.
Bacon's Henry VII. admixture of other parts. Hope, whose weak being ruin'd is
Drinking a large dose of diluted tea, as she Alike if it succeed, and if it miss;
was ordered by a physician, she got to bed, Whom good or ill does equally confound,
Locke. And both the horns of fate's dilemma wound.
The aliment ought to be thin to diiute, de
Cowley. mulcent to temper, or acid to subdue. Arbutb. 2. A difficult or doubtful choice; a vex 2. To make weak. atious alternative.
The chamber was dark, lest these colours A strong dilemma in a desp’rate case !
should be diluted and weakened by the mixture To act with infamy, or quit the place... Swift. Dilu’TB. adj. Thin ; attenuated.
of any adventitious light.
Newton. A dire dilemma, either way I'm sped; I foes they write, if friends they read, me dead.
If the red and blue colours were more dilute Pope.
and weak, the distance of the images would be
less than an inch; and if they were more inDi’LIGENCE. 1. s. (diligentia, Latin.) tense and full, that distance would be greater. Industry; assiduity; constancy in bu
Newton siness; continuance of endeavour ; un DILUʻTER. n. s. [from dilute.) That intermitted application ; the contrary which makes any thing else thin. to idleness.
Water is the only diluter, and the best dissolDe thy diligence to come shortly unto me. vent of most of the ingredients of our aliment. 2 Timothy.
Arbuthnot on Aliments. Brethren, give diligence to make your calling DILU’TION. n. s. [dilutio, Latin.] The and election sure.
act of making any thing thin or weak. DI'LIGENT. adj. [diligens, Latin.]
Opposite to dilution is coagulation or thicken1. Constant in application; persevering
ing, which is performed by dissipating the most in endeavour ; assiduous ; not idle;
liquid parts by heat, or by insinuating some sub
stances, which make the parts of the fluid conot negligent; not lazy.
here more strongly.
Arbuthnot on Alimentsa Seest thou a man diligent in his business, he DILU'Vian. adj. [from diluvium, Latin.) shall stand before kings.
Relating to the deluge. 2. Constantly applied ; prosecuted with Suppose that this diluvian lake should rise to activity and perseverance; assiduous. the mountain tops in one place, and not diffuse And thie judges shall make diligent inquisition. itself equally into all countries about.
Deuteronomy. DIM. adj. [dimme, Saxon ; dy, Welsh; DILIGENTLY. adv. (from diligent.] With dow, Erse.]
assiduity; with heed and perseverance; 1. Not having a quick sight; not seeing not carelessly; not idly; not negli clearly. gently.
For her true form how can my spark discern, If you inquire not attentively and diligently, Which, dim by nature, art did never clear? you shall never be able to discern a number of mechanical motions.
Bacon. . 2. Dull of apprehension. The ancients have diligently examined in what The understanding is dim, and cannot by its consists the beauty of good postures. Dryden. natural light discover spiritual truths.
Rogers. Dill. n. s. [dile, Saxon.] An herb, 3. Not clearly seen ; obscure ; imper
which hath' a slender, fibrose, annual fectly discovered. root; the leaves are like those of fen We might be able to aim at some dim and nel ; the seeds are oval, plain, streaked,
seeming conception, how matter might begin to
exist by the power of that eternal first Being. and bordered.
Locke. Dill is raised of seed, which is ripe in August. Something, as dim to our internal view, Mortimer. Is thus perhaps the cause of all we do.
Pope. DILU'CID. adj. [dilucidus, Latin.]
4. Obstructing the act of vision; not lu. 1. Clear; not opaque.
minous; somewhat dark, 2. Clear; plain; not obscure.
Her face right wondrous fair did seem to be, To DILU ́CIDATE. v.a. [from dilucidare, That her broad beauty's beam great brightness * Latin.) To make clear or plain; to
threw explain; to free from obscurity.
Through the dim shade, that all men might it see. I'shall not extenuate, but explain and diluci
Sponser. date, according to the custom of the ancients:
To Dim. v. a. [from the adjective.] Brown's Vulg. Errourse 1. To cloud; to darken; to hinder from
To DIMI'NISH. V. 7. To grow less; to
a full perception of light, and free ex What judgment I had, increases rather than ercise of vision.
diminishes; and thoughts, such as they are, come
crowding in so fast upon me, that my only difAs where the Almighty's lightning brand does
ficulty is to chuse or to reject. Dzyden,
Crete's ample fields diminish to our eye; I dizis the dazed eyen, and daunts the senses
Before the Boreal blasts the vessels Aly:" Popes quite.
Spenser's Fairy Queen. li hath been observed by the ancients, that DIMI'NISHINGLY. adv. [from diminish.] much use of Venus doth dion the sight; and yet In a manner tending to vilify, or leseunuchs, which are unable to generate, are ne sen. vertheless also dim sighted.
Bacon. I never heard him censure, or so much as Every one declares against blindness, and yet
speak diminishingly of any one that was absent. who almost is not fond of that which dims his
Locke. DIMINU’TION, n. s. [diminutio, Latin.] For thee I dim these eyes, and stuff this head,
1. The act of making less : opposed to With all such reading as was never read. Pope 2. To make less bright; to obscure.
The one is not capable of any diminution or
augmentation at all by men; the other apt to
Hooker. When as a storm hath dim' d her trusty guide, 2. The state of growing less : opposed to Out of her course doth wander iar astray.
increase. All of us have cause
The gravitating power of the sun is transTo wail the dimming of our shining star. Shahsp. mitted through the vast bodies of the planets Thus while he spake, each passion dimm'd his without any diminution, so as to act upon all face,
their parts, to their very centres, with the same
Miltor. force, and according to the same laws, as if the The principal figure in a picture is like a king part upon which it acts were not surrounded among his courtiers, who dims all his attendants. with the body of the planet.
Newton. Dryden. Finite and infinite seem to be looked upon DIMENSION. n. s. [dimensio, Latin.)
as the modes of quantity, and to be attributed Space contained in any thing ; bulk;
primarily to those things which are capable of extent ; capacity. It is seldom used
increase or diminution.
Locke. but in the plural . The three dimen. 3. Discredit; loss of dignity; degrada
Gladly to the
Heroick laureld Eugene yields the prime;
Nor thinks it diminution to be rank'd
In military honour next.
Philips taking the dimensions of the room.
4. Deprivation of dignity ; injury of re
Make me wise by thy truth, for my own soul's In they pass'd
salvation, and I shall not regard the world's Dimensionless through heav'nly doors. Milton.
opinion or diminution of me. King Charles, DIME'NSIVE, adj. (dimensus. Lat.] That
They might raise the reputation of another, marks the boundaries or outlines.
though they are a diminution to his. Addison. All bodies have their measure, and their space;
5. [In architecture.) The contraction But who can draw the soul's dimensive lines?
of the diameter of a column, as it
Small; little; narrow; contracted.
The poor wren,
The most diminutive of birds, will fight,
Her young ones in her nest, against the owl.
Sbaksp. Macbeth. Dict. It is the interest of mankind, in order to the 1. To make less by abscission or destruc[aliminuo, Latin.]
advance of knowledge, to be sensible they have
yet attained it but in poor and diminutive meation of any part: the opposite to in
Glanville's Scepsis. The light of man's understanding is but a short, diminutive, contracted light, and looks not beyond the present.
South. If the ladies should once take a liking to such a diminutive race of lovers, we should, in a little timé, see mankind epitomized, and the whole species in miniature.
Addison. Milton. They know how weak and aukward many of
those little diminutive discourses are. Watts. DIMI'NUTIVE. n. s. [from the adjective.) 1. A word formed to express littleness :
as lapillus, in Latin, a little stone ; mai. sonette, in French, a little house ; -maniken, in English, a little man.
He afterwards proving a dainty and effeminate youth, was commonly called, by the dirninutive of his name, Peterkin or Perkin. Becor..
DIMICA’TION. 9. s. (dimicatio, Lat.)
battle ; the act of fighting; contest.
That we call good which is apt to cause or in-
Impiously they thought
The number of thy worshippers.
it belongs : the contrary to add.
Sim, while but Sim, in good repute did live; DI'MPLY. adj. [from dimple.] Full of Was then a knave, but in diminutive. Cotton.
dimples; sinking in littie inequalities, 2. A small thing. Not in use.
As the smooth surface of the dimply flood Follow his chariot; monster-like, be shewn
The silver-slipper’d virgin lightly trod. Warton. For poor'st diminutives, for doits ! Shaksp. Dimi'nUTIVELY. adv. (from diminutive.] DIN. n. s. [tyn, a noise ; Sýnan, to make In a diminutive manner.
a noise, Saxon; dyna, to thunder, IsDIMI'NUTIVENESS. n. s. [from diminu. landick.) A loud noise; a violent and tive. Smallness; littleness; pettyness ;
continued sound. want of bulk; want of dignity.
And all the way he roared as he went, Di'MISH. adj. [from dim.] Somewhat
That all the forest with astonishment dim; somewhat obscure.
Thereof did tremble; and the beasts therein 'Tis true, but let it not be known,
Fled fast away from that so dreadful din.
Hubberd's Tale. My eyes are somewhat dimish grown;
0, 'twas a din to fright a monster's ear; For nature, always in the right, To your decays adapts my sight. Swift.
To make an earthquake: sure, it was the roar
Of a whole herd of lions. Shaksp. Tempesta DIMISSORY. adj. [dimissorius, Latin.]
While the cock with lively din That by which a man is dismissed to Scatters the rear of darkness thin; another jurisdiction.
And to the stack, or the barn door, A bishop of another diocess ought neither to Stoutly struts his dame before. Milton. ordain or admit a clerk, without the consent of
Now night over heav'n his own proper bishop, and without the letter's Inducing darkness, grateful truce impos'd, dimissory.
And silence, on the odious din of war. Milton DI'MITTY. 16. S. A fine kind of fustian,
How, while the troubled elements around, or cloth of cotton.
Earth, water, air, the stunning din resound,
Thro' streams of smoke and adverse fire he rides, I directed a trowze of fine dimitty. Wiseman,
While every shot is levelled at his sides. Smith. DIMLY. adv. (from dim.]
Some independent ideas, of no alliance to one 1. Not with a quick sight; not with a
another, arc, by education, custom, and the clear perception.
.constant din of their party, so coupled in their Unspeakable! who site'st above these heav'ns, minds, that they always appear there together, To us invisible, or dimly seen
Locke, In these thy lowest works.
Milton. 'To Din. v. a. (from the noun.] 2. Not brightly; not luminously.
1. To stun with noise ; to harass with In the beginning of our pumping the air, the
clamour, match appeared well lighted, though it had al
Rather live : most filled the receiver with fumes, but by degrees it burnt more and more dimly.
To bait thee for his bread, and din your ears I saw th' angelick guards from earth ascend,
With hungry cries. Otway's Venice Preserved. Griev'd they must now no longer man attend; 2. To impress with violent and continued The beams about their temples dimly shone;
noise. One would have thought the crime had been their own.
What shall we do, if his majesty puts out 2
proclamation commanding us io take Wood's Di'MNESS. n. s. (froin dim.]
halfpence? This hath been often dinned in my 1. Dulness of sight.
Swifi. 2. Want of apprehension ; stupidity. Answerable to this dimness of their perception,
To DINE. v. n. [diner, fr.] To eat was the whole system and body of their religion.
the chief meal about the middle of the Decay of Piety.
day. 3. Obscurity; not brightness.
Perhaps some merchant hach invited him, DI'MPLE. 7. s. (dint, a hole; dintle a
And from the mart he's somewhere gone to
dinner: little hole; by a careless pronunciation
Good sister, let us dine, and never fret. Sbaksp. dimple. Skinner.] A small cavity or
Myself, he, and my sister, depression in the cheek, chin, or other To-day did dine together.
He would dine with him the next day. Claren. The dimple of the upper lip is the common
Thus, of your heroes and brave boys, measure of them all.
With whom old Homer makes such 'noise, In her forehead's fair half-round,
The greatest actions I can find, Love sits in open triumph crown'd;
Are, that they did their work, and dir’d. Prior. He in the dimple of her chin,
To Dine. v. a. To give a dinner to; to In private state, by friends is seen.
Prior. feed. To Di’MPLE. v. n. [from the noun.] To
Boil this restoring root in gen'rous wire, sink in small cavities, or little inequa And set beside the door the sickly stock to direct lities.
Dryden's Virgil. The wild waves master'd him, and suck’d Dine’TICAL. adj. [dimtex.] Whirling him in,
round; vertiginous. And smiling eddies dimpled on the main. Dryd. Some of late have concluded, from spots is
Eternal smiles his emptiness betr'y,
the sun, which appear and disappear again, ebat;
besides the revolution it maketh with its orbs, ic DI'MPLED. adj. (from dimple.] Set with
hatli also a diretical motion, and rolls upon its dimples.
Brown's Vulgar Errturs. On each side her
Aspherical figure is most commodious for Stood pretty dimpled boys like smiling Cupids,
dineticel motion, or revolution upon its own Sbaisp. axis,
To DING. v. a. pret. dung. [Zringen, His ,ell-arm'd front against his rival aims,
And by the dirt of war his mistress claims. Gay. 1. To dath with violence.
To DINT'. v. a. (from the noun ) TO 2. To impress with force.
mark with a cavity by a blow, or vioTo Ding. v.n. To blaster ; to bounce ;
With greedy force each other both assail,
And strike so fiercely, that they do impress
Deep-dinted furrows in the batier'd mail:
The iron walls to ward their blows were weak
Leave, leave, fair bride, your solitary bone,
No more shall you return to it alone;
It nurseth sadness; and our body's print,
Like to a grave, the yielding dowu doth dint.
Sunk are her eyes, and toothless are her jaws.
DINUMERATION. n. S. (ilinumer itio,
shop, as he stands related to his own
clergy or flock. the room where entertainments are
As a diocesan you are like to outdo yourself
in all other capacities, and exemplify every word made.
of this discourse.
I have heard it has been advised by a dioceran
to his inferior clergy, that they should read some his meat, or the deluge of drink. Taylor.
of the most celebrated sermons printed by
DI'OCESS. n. s. (diæcesis; a Greek word,
coinpounded of oid and mois.] The
circuit of every bishop's jurisdiction ; Sbakspeare's King Lear. for this realın has two divisions, one
into shires or counties, in respect of
temporal policy; another into dioceses,
Constance in Normandy, that is, nothing at all;
since by that French bishop's refusal to swear
diocess of Winchester. Raleigh's Essays.
St. Paul looks upon Titus as advanced to the dignicy of a prince, ruler of the church, and intrusted with a large diocess, containing many particular cities, under the immediate government of their respective elders, and thusc de
riving authority from his ordination. South. DIOPTRICAL.3".For Touamed Alfa for the sight; assisting the sight in the
Being excellently vell furnished with dioptrical glasses, he had not been able to see the sun spotted.
Boyle. View the asperities of the moon through a dioptrick glass, and venture at the proportion of her hills by their shadow's.
A part of opticks, treating of the different refractions of the light passing through different me. diums; as the air, water, glasses, &c.
middle of the day.
Before dinner and supper, as often as it is cor-
Then from the mint walks forth the man of
Much daunted with that dint her sense was
view of distant objects.
Dioptricks. n. s.
and regular shape.
3. Violence ; force; power..
The dini of pity.
try by dint of arms.
to make straight.) A chirurgical pe: