« ForrigeFortsett »
Till he he dieted to my request.
Milk appears to be a proper diet for human He sauc'd our broth as Juno had been sick, bodies, where acrimony is to be purged or avoid- And he her dieter. Sbuksp. Cynlere ed; but not where the canals are obstructed, it Diete'TICAL.) elj. [dattutexn.]Kê. being void of all saline quality. Arbutbhet
. Dieterick. 'tating to diet; belong2. Food regulated by the rules of medi
ing to the medicinal cautions about the cine, for the prevention or cure of any
use of food. disease.
He received no other counsel than to refrain I commend rather some diet for certain sea- from cold drink, which was but a dietethal causons, than frequent use of physick; for those diets tion, and such as culinary prescription mighe zker the body more, and trouble it less. Bacon. have afforded.
Brocon's Vud. Ers I restrained myself to so regular a diet, as to This book of Cheyne's became the subject of eat flesh but once a-day, and a little at a time, conversation, and produced even sects in the without salt or vinegar.
Temple. dietetick philosophy. Arluth. on Alinents. 3. Allowance of provision.
To DIFFER. vin. [differo, Latin,}
properties and qualities 'not the same
with those of another person or thing: 1. To feed by the rules of medicine. She diets him with fasting every day,
If the pipe be a little wet on the inside, it will The swelling of his wounds to mítigate,
make a.diğering sound from the same pipe dry.
Bacon. And made him pray both early and eke late.
Thy prejudices, Syphax, won't discern
Whiat virtues grow from ignorance and choice,
Nor how the hero differs from the brute.
The several parts of the same animal differ in
Arbuthnot. The veins unfill'd, our blood is cold; and then
2. To contend; to be at variance. We post upon the morning, are unapt
A man of judgment shall sometimes hear To give or to forgive; but when we've stuf’d
ignorant men difer, and know well within him. These pipes, and these conveyances of blood,
self that those which so differ mean one thing, With wine and feeding, we have suppler souls
and yet they themselves never agree.
Bacon. Than in our priestlike fasts; therefore I'll watch
Here uncontrolld you may in judgment sit; bim
We'll never differ with a crowded pii. Roroe. I will attend my husband, be his nurse,
Shakspeare. 3. To be of a contrary opinion.
In things purely speculative, as these are; and Diet his sickness; for it is my office. Sbaksp.
no ingredients of our faith, it is free to differ Henceforth my early care
from one another in our opinions and senti. Shall tend thee, and the fertile burden ease;
Burnet's Theory Till , dieted by thee, I grow mature
There are certain measures to be kept, which In knowledge as the gods, who all things know.
may leave a tendency rather to gain than to irri. Milton.
tate those who differ with you in their sentiWe have lived upon expedients, of which no
Addison's Freebolder. country had less occasion: we have dieted a heal
Others differ with me about the cruth'and thy body into a consumption, by plying it with
reality of these speculations. Cheyne. Swift. Di'PFERENCE. n. s. [differentia, Latin.)
1. State of being distinct from somethingi For that I do suspect the lusty Moor
contrariety to identity.
Where the faith of the holy church is one, a 3. To board ; to supply with diet.
Sbaksp. Othello. difference between customs of the church dóth no harm.
Hooker. 2. The quality by which one differs froin another
This nobility, or difference from the vulgar, was not in the beginning given to the succession of blood, but to the succession of virtue.
that is to be found in nature, yet it is not convenient to consider every difference that is in things, and divide them into distinct classes under every such difference.
Locke. 3. The disproportion between one thing
and another, caused by the qualities of
Bo'hemia and your Sicilia. Sbaksp. Winter's Tale.
Oh the strange difference of man and man!
To thee a woman's services are due;
Here might be seen a great d'fference between men practised to fight, and men accustomed only to spoil.
physick instead of food. 2. To give food to.
I'm partly led to diet my revenge,
Hath leapt into my seat.
To Di'et. 0.1.
1. To eat by rules of physick.
I join with thee calm peace and quict;
Medicated liquors ; drink brewed with
The observation will do thar batter than the
day, Skinner; from diet, an old Ger-
An emperour in title without territory, who
but by a diet, er assembly of the estates of many free princes,
Raleigh. Dietary. adj. [from diet.] Pertaining to the rules of diet.
prescribes rules for eating; one who
Dispute; debate ; quarrel.; controversy. Di'PPERENTLY. adv. [from different.]
What was the difference?- It was a conten- In a different manner. tion in publick. Sbakspeare's Cymbeline.
He may consider how differently he is affected He is weary of his life, that hath a diffror:40 by the same thought, which presents itself in a with any of them, and will walk abroad after
great writer, from what he is when he finds it daylight.
Sandys. delivered by an ordinary genius. Addisori. Nothing could have fallen out more unluckily DifferINGLY. adv. (from differing.] than that there should be such differences among
In a different manner. them about that which they pretend to be the only means of ending diferences. Tillotson.
Such protuberant and concave parts of a sur
face may remit the light so differingly, as to vary 5. Distinction.
Boyle Our constitution does not only make a differ- DIFFICIL. adj. [difficilis, Latin.] ense between the guilty and the innocent, but,
1. Difficult ; hard, nut easy; not obvi. even among the guilty, between such as are
more or less criminal. Addison's Freebo’der. ous. Little used. 6. Point in question ; ground of contro
That that should give motion to an unwieldy
bulk, which itself hath neither bulk nor motion, versy. Are you acquainted with the difference
is of as dificil apprehension as any mystery in
Glanville's Scepsis. That holds this present question in the court?
Latin was not more difficil,
Than to a blackbird 'tis to whistle. Hudibras. 7. A logical distinction. Some are never without a difference; and com
2. Scrupulous; hard to be persuaded.
The cardinal finding the pope difficiling moniy, by amusing men with a builty, blanch
ngrant. the matter.
ing the dispensation, doth use it as a principal 8. Evidences of distinction; differential
argument, concerning the king's merit, that ne
had touched none of those deniers which had marks.
been levied by popes in England.
Bacon. Henry had the title of sovereign, yet did not Di'FFICILNESS. n. s. [from difficil.) Difput those things in cxecution which are the true marks and differences of sovereignty. Dusics.
ficulty to be persuaded ; incompliance; 9. Distinct kind.
impracticability. A word not in use, This is notoriously known in some differences of break or fern. Broun's Vulgar Zrrours.
There be that in their nature do not affect To Di'FFERENCE. V. a. (from the noun.]
the good of others: the lighter sort of malignity
turneth but to a crossness, or frowardness, or To cause a difference ; to make one thing not the same as another.
aptness to oppose, or difficilness, or the like;
but the deeper sort to envy and mere mischief. Most are apt to seek all the differences let.
Bacon. . ters in those articulating motions; whereas seve- 'DI'FFICULT. adj. [difi-ilis, Latin.] al combinations of letters are framed by the very same motions of those organs which are
1. Hard ; not easy ; not facil. commonly obscrved, and are differenced by other
It is difficult in the eyes of this people. Zacbar. Holder.
2. Troublesome ; vexatious. Grass differenceté a civil and well cultivated 3. Hard to please ; peevish; norose. region from a barren and desolate wilderness. DI'FFICULTLY. adv. [from dificult.]
Ray. Hardly; with difficulty ; not easily. We see nothing that differences the courage of Mnestheus from that of Sergesthus. Pope.
A man, who has always indulged himself in
the full enjoyment of his station, will difficultly DIFFERENT. adj. [from difer.]
be persuaded to think any methods unjust that 1. Distinct; not the same.
offer to continue it.
Rorers' Sermons, There are covered galleries that lead from the DiFFICULTY. n. s. [from difficult; difpalace to five different churches. Addison,
ficulté, French.) 2. Of contrary qualities. The Dritons change
1. Hardness; contrariety to easiness or Sweet native home for unaccustom'd air,
facility. And other climes, where diff'rent food and soil
The religion which, by this covenant, we enPortend distempers.
gage ourselves to observe, is a work of labour
and difficulty; a service that requires our greatest 3. Unlike; dissimilar.
care and attention. Neither the shape of faces, nor the age, nor
Rogers. the colour, ought to be alike in all tigures, any
2. That which is hard to accomplish; hore than the hair; because men are as different
that which is not easy, from each other, as the regions in which they
They mistake difficulties for impossibilities: a are born are different. Dryden's Dufresnoy.
pernicious mistake certainly; and the more pero Happiness consists in things which produce
vicious, for that men are seldom convinced of pleasure, and in the absence of those which
it, till their convictions do them no good. Soutb. cause any pain : now these, to different men, are
3. Distress; opposition. very different things.
Locke. Thus, by degrees, he rose to Jove's imperial DIFFERE'NTIAL Method, is applied to the doctrine of infinitesimais, or infi
Thus difficulties prove a soul legitimately great.
Dryden. nitely small quantities, called the arith
4. Perplexity in affairs ; uneasiness of cir. metick of Auxions. . It consists in de
cumstances. scending from whole quantities to their They lie under some dificulties by reason of infinitely small differences, and com- the cniperor's displeasure, who has forbidden paring together these infinitely small
Addison on Italy. differences, of what kind soever they 5. Objection ; cavil. be: and from thence it takes the name
Men should consider, that raising difficulties of the differential calculus, or analysis
concerning the mysteries in religion, cannut of infinitesimals.
TO BIFFI'DE. W. . (diffido, Latin.) irregular: as, à difform flower, one
other. • The woman did the new solution hear:
The unequal refractions of diform rays proThe man diffrides in his own augury,
ceed not from any contingent irregularities; And doubts the gods.
Dryden. such as are veins, an uneven polish, or fortuitous Di'FFIDENCE. n. s. [from diffide.[
position of the pores of glass. Newton. 1. Distrust; want of confidence in others. DiffoʻRMITY. n. s. [from difform.) DiNo man almost thought himself secure, and
versity of form ; irregularity; dissimimen durst scarce commune or talk one with
litude. another; but there was a general diffidence every where.
Bacon's Hen. Vii.
While they murmur against the present dis-
posure of things, they desire in them a difformity To Israel, diffidence of God, and doubt
from the primitive rule, and the idea of that
mind that formed all things best. Brown. In feeble hearts, propense enough before To waver.
Milton's Agonistes. DIFFRANCHISEMENT. n. s. [franchise, 2. Doubt ; want of confidence in our. French.] The act of taking away the selves.
privileges of a city.
Locke. without particular direction.
mountains, they would diffuse themselves every Whatsoever atheists think on, or whatsoever
Burnet's Tbeory. they look on, all do administer some reasons for suspicion and diffidence, lest possibly they may be
2. To spread ; to scatter ; to disperse.
Wisdom had ordain'd in the wrong; and then it is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God. Bentley.
Good out of evil to create; instead Di'FIDENT. adj. (from diffide.]
Of spirits malign, a better race to bring
Into their vacant room, and thence diffuse 3. Distrustful; doubting others.
His good to worlds, and ages, infinite Milton
No sect wants its apostles to propagate and
Decay of Piety. Dismiss not her, when most chou need'st her
A chief renown'd in war, nigh.
Whose race shall bear aloft the Latian name, Pliny speaks of the Seres, the same people And through the conquer'd world diffuse our with the Chinese, as being very shy and diffident
Dryden. in their manner of dealing. Arbuthnot.
His eyes diffus'd a venerable grace, 2. Doubtful of an event, used of things; And charity itself was in his face. Dryden. uncertain.
Diffu'se, adj. [diffusus, Latin.) I was really so diffident of it, as to let it lie
1. Scattered ; widely spread. by me these two years, just as you now see it.
2. Copious; not concise. 3. Doubtful of himself; not confident. DIFFU'sed. participial adj. [from diffuse.)
I am not so confident of my own sufficiency, This word seenis to have signified, in as not willingly to admit the counsel of others; Sbakspeare's time, the same as wild, but yet I am not so diffident of myself, as bru
uncouth, irregular. tishly to submit to any man's dictates.
Let them from forth a sawpit rush at once.,
He grows like savages,
To swearing and stern looks, diffus*d attire,
DiffU'SEDLY. adv. [from diffused. DIFFI'SSION. n. S. [diffissio, Lat.), The act of cleaving or splitting. Dict.
Widely ;. dispersedly ; in manner of
that which is spread every way, DIFFLA’TION. 1. s. (diflare, Lat.) The act of scattering with a blast of wind. Diffu’SEDNESS. n. s. [from diffused.]
The state of being diffused ; disperDIFFLUENCE. I n. s. [from diffluo, Lat.) : DIFFU'SELY. adv. [from diffuse.)
sion. Di'FFLUENCY. S The quality of falling
1. Widely; extensively. away on all sides; the effect of fuidity; the contrary to consistency.
2. Copiously; not concisely. Ice is water congealed by the frigidity of the Diffu'sion. n. s. [from diffuse. ] air, whereby it acquireth no new form, but ra- 1. Dispersion; the state of being scattered ther a consistence or determination of its diflu
every way. ency; and admitteth not its essence, but condi
Whereas all bodies act either by the commution of fluidity.
Brown's Vul. Err.
nication of their natures, or by the impressions Di'FFLUENT. adj. [diffluens, Lat.) Flow- and signatures of their motions, the diffusion of
ing every way; not consistent; not species visible seemeth to participate more of the
former operation, and the species audible of the
Bucon's Nat. Hist.
A sheet of very well sleeked marble paper Contrary to uniform ; having parts of
did not cast distinct colours upon the wall, nor ditferent structure ; dissimilar; unlike; throw its light with an equal diffusion; but threw
its beams, unstained and brighn, to this and that But greedy mortals, rummaging her stote, part of the wall.
Boyle on Colours.
Digg d from her entrails first the precious are: 2. Copiousness; exuberance of style.
Dryden's Ovid. DIFFU'SIVE, adj. [froin diffuse.)
To Dig. V. n. To work with a spade ; 1. Having the quality of scattering any
to work in making holes, or, turning thing every way.
the ground. Diffusive of themselves, where'er they pass They long for death, but it corneth not; and They make that warmth in others they expect:
dig for it more than for hid treasures.
Fob. Their valour works like bodies on a glass,
The Italians have often dug into lands, deAnd does its image on their men project. Dryd.
scribed in old authors as the places where statues 2. Scattered; dispersed; having the qua
or obelisks stood, and seldom failed of success.
Addison's Travels. lity of suffering diffusion.
To Dig up. V. a. All liquid bodies are diffusive; for their parts,
To throw up that being in motion, have no connexion, but guide
which is covered with earth. and fall off any way.
If i digg'd up thy forefathers graves, No man is of so general and diffusive a lust, And hung their rotten cofins up in chains, as to prosecute his amours all the world over. It would not slake nuine ire.
Shalsp. South. DI'GAMY. 11. s. [aryawóz.] Second marThe stars, no longer overlaid with weight, riage ; marriage to a second wife after Exert their heads from underneath the mass, the death of the first : as bigamy, having And upward shoot, and kindle as they pass, two wives at once. And with difusive light adorn their hear'nly place.
Dr. Champny only proves, that archbishop Cherish'd with hope, and fed aith joy it grows;
Cranmer was twice married; which is not deIts cheerful buds their opening bloom disclose,
nied: but brings nothing to prove that such And round the happy soil diffusive odour flows.
bigamy, or digamy rather, deprives a bishop of Prior.
the lawful use of his power of ordaining. 3. Extended.
Di'GERENT. adj. [digerens, Lat.] That They are not agreed among themselves where infallibility is seated; whether in the pope alone,
has the power of digesting, or causing or a council alonc, or in both together, or in the
Dict. diffusive body of christians. Tillitser Digest. 1. s. [digesta, Latin.)
The DIFFU'SIVELY. adv. (from diffusive.] pandect of the civil law, containing the
Widely; extensively; every way.. opinions of the ancient lawyers. Diffu'sIVENESS. n. s. [from diffusive.] I had a purpose to make a particular disest, or 1. Extension ; dispersion; the power of recompilement to the laws of mine own nation.
Bacon. diffusing ; the state of being diffused. 2. Want of conciseness ; large compass
Laws in the digest shew that the Romans ap
plied themselves to trade. Arbuthnot on Coins. of expression.
TO DIGEST. w. a. [digero, digestum, The fault that I find with a modern legend, is
Latin.] its diffusiveness ; you have sometimes the whole side of a medal over-run with it. Addis, on Med.
1. To distribute into various classes or TO DIG. v.a. pret. dug, or digged; part.
repositories; to range or dispose mepass. dug, or digged. [dic, Saxon, a
- tlodically. ditch ; dyger, Danish, to dig.]
2. To concoct in the stomach, so as that 1. To pierce with a spade.
the various particles of food may be Then said he unto me, Son of man, dig now
applied to their proper use. in the wall, and when I had digsed in the wall, If little faults, proceeding on distemper, I beheld a door.
Ezekie'. Shall not be wink'd at, how shall we stretch our 2. To form by digging,
eye, Seek with heart and mouth to build up the
When capital crimes chew'd, swallow'd, and walls of Jerusalem which you have broken
digested, down; and to fill up the mines that you have
Shalsp. Henry v. digged, by craft and subtlety, to overthrow the
Each then has organs to digest his food;
One to beget, and one receive, the brood. Prior. He built towers in the desert, and disped many 3. To soften by heat, as in a boiler, or in wells; for he had much cattle. 2 Chronicles. a dunghil; a chymical term. 3. To cultivate the ground by turning it 4. To range methodically in the mind; with a spade.
to apply knowledge by meditation to The walls of your garden, without their fur- its proper use. niture, look as ill as those of your house ; so Chosen friends with sense refin'd, that you cannot dig up your garden too often. Learning digested well.
To reduce to any plan, scheme, or Be first to dig the ground, be first to burn
method. The branches lopt.
Dryden's Virgil. 4. To pierce with a sharp point.
Leaps o'er the vaunt and firstlings of those broils, A rav'nous vuleure in his open'd side
'Ginning 'i th' middle : starting thence away Her crooked beak and cruel talons tried ;
To what may be digested in a play. Still for the growing liver digg’d his breast,
6. To receive without loathing or reThe growing liver still supplied the feast. Dryd.
pugnance; not to reject. s. To gain by digging.
First, let us go to dinner. It is digged out of even the highest mountains,
-Nay, let me praise you while I have a stomach. and all parts of the earth contingently; as the -No, pray thee, let it serve for table-talk ; pyrites.
Woodward. Then howsoe'er thou speak'st, 'mongst other Nor was the ground alone requir'd to bear
things Her annual income to the crooked share ;
I shall digest it.
Sbakspeare's Mer. of Tento
The pleasance of numbers is, that rudeness and Dige'stive: adj. [from digest.)
1. Having the power to cause digestion Peacban.
or to strengthen the stomach. 7. To receive and enjoy.
A chilifactory menstruum, or a digestive preCornwal and Albany,
paration, drawn from species or individuals, With my two daughters dowers, digest the third.
whose stomachs peculiarly dissolve lapideous Shakspeare. bodies.
Brown's Vid. Err. 3. (In chirurgery.) To dispose a wound
2. Capable by heat to soften and subdue. to generate pus in order to a cure.
The earth and sun were in that very state; the To Digest. v.1. To generate matter, one active, piercing, and digestive, by its heat; as a wound, and tend to a cure.
the other passive, receptive, and stored with DIGESTER. n. s. (from digest.)
materials for such a production.
Hale. 1. He that digests or disposes.
3. Methodising; adjusting. 2. He that digests or concocts his food.
To business, ripen' by digestive thought, People that are bilious and fat, rather than
This future rule is into method brought. Drylo lean, are great eaters and ill digesters. Arbutb. DIGE'STIVE. n. s. [from digest.j An ap3. A strong vessel or engine, contrived
plication which disposes a wound to by M. Papin, wherein to boil, with a generate matter. very strong heat, any bony substances, DIGESTURE. n. š.
I dressed it with digestives.
Concoction. Not so as to reduce them into a fiuid state.
Neither tie yourself always to eat meats of easy 4. That which causes or strengthens the concoctive power.
digesture; such as veal, sweetbreads. Harvey.
Di’gger. n. s. [from dig.] One that Rice is of excellent use for all illnesses of the stomach, a great restorer of health, and a great
opens the ground with a spade.
When we visited mines, we have been told digester.
Temple. DICE'STIBLE, adj. (from digest.] Capa
by diggers, that even when the sky seemed clear,
there would suddenly arise a steam so thick, ble of being digested or concocted. that it would put out their candles. Boyle.
Those medicines that purge by stool are, at To DIGHT. 7. a. [Dihtan, to prepare, the first, not digestible by the stomach, and therefore move iminediately downwards to the guts.
to regulate, Saxon.) Bacon's Natural History.
1. To dress; to deck; to bedeck; to Dige'stion. n. s. [from digest.)
embellish; to adorn. It seems always 1. The act of digesting or concocting food
to signify the past: the particle passive in the stomach.
is dight, as dighted in Hudibras is perNow good digestion wait on appetite,
haps improper. And health on both. Sladsp. Macbeth. Let my due feet never fail
Digestion is a fermentation begun, because To walk the studious cloisters pale; there are all the requisites of such a fermenta
And love the high embowed roof, tion; heat, air, and rection : but it is not a com- With antick pillar, massy proof; plete fermentation, because that requires a
And storied windows richly digbt, greater time than the continuance of the ali- Casting a dim religious light.
Milton ment in the stomach: vegetable putrefaction
Just so the proud insulting lass resembles very much animal digestion.
Array'd and digbted Hudibras. Hudibras. drbutonot on Aliments. 2. To put on. Quantity of food cannot be determined by On his head his dreadful hat he dight, measures and weights, or any general Lessian Which maketh him invisible to sight. Hubb.Tale. rules; but must vary with the vigour or decays Di'ght. n. s. [digitus, Latin.]. ef age or of health, and the use or disuse of air
1. The measure of length containing three or of exercise, with the changes of appetite;
fourths of an inch. and then, by what every man may find or sus
If the inverted tube of mercury be but twentypect of the present strength or weakness of digestion.
five digits high, or somewhat more, the quick. Every morsel to a satisfied hunger, is only a
silver will not fall, but remain suspended in the new labour to a cired digestion,
tube, because it cannot press the subjacent mer.
cury with so great a force as doth the incumbent 3. The preparation of matter by a chymi.
cylinder of the air, reaching thence to the top cal heat.
of the atmosphere. Boyle's Spring of the Air. We conceive, indeed, that a perfect good con
2. The twelfth part of the diameter of cection, or digestion, or maturation of some
the sun or moon. metals, will produce gold.
3. Any of the numbers expressed by sinRaise all the labour-houses of the air,
gle figures; any number to ten : SO And lay crude vapours in digestion there?
called from counting upon the fingers.
Blackmore. Not only the numbers seven and nine, from 3. Reduction to a plan ; the act of metho. considerations abstruse, have been extolled by dising; the maturation of a design. most, but all or most of other digits have been
The digestion of the counsels in Sweden is as mystically applauded. Brown's Vulg. Errours. made in senate, consisting of forty counsellers, Di'GITATED, adj. (from digitus, Latin.]
who are generally the greatest men. Temple. Branched out into divisions like fina 4. The act of disposing a wound to gene.
gers: as a digitatert leaf is a leaf com. rate matter.
posed of many small leaves. s. The disposicion of a wound or sore to
For animals multifidous, or such as are digigenerate matter.
tated, or have several divisions in their feet, there The first state of healing, or the discharge of are but two that are uniparous; that is, men patter, is by surgeons called digestion. Sharp. and elephants. Brown's Vulgar Errours.