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TO DIP. v. a. pret. dippel; part. dipped, tion of two vowels to forin one sound :
or dipt. [dippan, Sax. ; doopen, Dut.). as, vain, leave, Cesar. 1. To immerge ; to put into any liquor. We see how many disputes the simple and The person to be baptized may be dipped in
ambiguous nature of vowels created among water; and such an immersion or dipping ought. grammarians, and how it lias begot the mistake to be made thrice, according to the canon. concerning dipistbergs : all that are properly so
Aylife's Parergom are syllables, and not diphthongs, as is intended Old Corineus compass'd thrice the crew, to be signified by that word.
Holder. And dipp'd an olive-branch in holy dew,
Make a diphthong of the second eta and iota, Which thrice he sprinkled round, and thrice instead of their being two syllables, and the obaloud
jection is gone.
Pope. buvok'd the dead, and then dismiss'd the crowd. Diploe. n. s. The inner plate or la.
Dryden's Æneid, He turn'd a tyrant in his latter days,
mina of the skull. And, from the bright meridian where he stood, DIPLOʻMA. n. s. [dahmua.] A letter or Descending, dippă his hands in lover's blood. writing conferring some privilege ; so
Dryden. called, because they used formerly to The kindred arts shall in their praise conspire,
be written on waxed tables, and folded One dip the pencil, and one string the lyre.
together. Now, on fancy's easy wing convey'd, Di'PPER. 1. s. [from dip.] One that The king descended to th' Elysian shade;
dips in the water. There in a dusky vale, where Lethe rolls, DIPPING Needle. n. s. A device which Old Bavius sits to dio poetic souls. Pope's Dunc.
shows a particular property of the So fishes, rising from the main, Can soar with moisten'd wings on high;
magnetic needle, so that, besides its The moisture dried, they sink again,
polarity or verticity, which is its direcAnd dip their wings again to fly.
Swift. tion of altitude, or height above the 2. To moisten ; to wet.
horizon, when duly poised about an And though not mortal, yet a cold shudd'ring horizontal a is, it will always point to dew
a determined degree of altitude, or Dips me all o’er, as when the wrath of Jove Speaks thunder.
elevation above the horizon, in this or
that place respectively. Phillips. 3. To be engaged in any affair. When men are once dipt, what with the en
s. (Latin, from disfaw, to couragements of sense, custom, facility, and thirst.) A serpent, whose bite proshame of departing from what they have given duces the sensation
unqucnchable themselves up to, they go on till they are stifled. thirst.
L'Estrang: In Richard's time, I doubt, he was a little aipt
Scorpion, and asp, and amphishæna dire,
Cerastes horn'd, hydrus, and ellors drear, in the rebellion of the commons. Dryden. And dipsas.
Milton 4. To engage as a pledge: generally used for the first mortgage.
DIPTOTE. 1. s. [dalwł.] A noun conBe careful still of the main chance, my, son;
sisting of two cases only.
Clark. Put out the principal in trusty hands,
Di'ptych. n. s. [diptycha, Latin; two Live on the use, and never dip thy lands. leaves folded together.] A register of
bishops ard martyrs. To Dip. v.n.
The commemoration of saints was made out 2. To sink ; to immerge.
of the diptycbs of the church, as a We have snakes in our cups, and in our titudes of places in St. Austin. Stilling feet. dishies; and whoever dips too deep will find death DIRE. adj. [dirus, Latin.) Dreadful.;
L'Estrange. 2. To enter ; to pierce.
dismal; mournful; horrible ; terrible; The vulture dipping in Prometheus' side,
evil in a great degree. His bloody beak with his torn liver dyed.
To doft their dire distresses. Sbakspeare, 3. To enter slightly into any thing.
More by intemperance die When I think all the repetitions are struck
In meats, and drinks, which on the earth shall out in a copy, I sometiines find more upon dipe
Diseases dire; of which a monstrous crew pirg in the first volume.
Before thee shall appear.
Mision. 4. To take that which comes first; to Hydras, and yorgons, and chimæras dire. choose by chance.
Milton. With what ill thoughts of Jove art thou pos
Or what the cross dire-looking planet smites, sess'd?
Or hurtful worm with canker'd Venom bites. Wouldst thou prefer him to some man? Supe
Dire was the to-sing, deep the groans, despair I dipp'd among the worst, and Staius chose ? Tended the sick.
Discord! dire sister of the sliurhter'd powt, Di'PCHICK. n. s. [from dip and chick.]
Sinall at her birth, but rising ev'ry hour;
While scarce the skies hez hurrid lead can The name of a bird.
bound, Dipebick is so named of his diving and little She stalks on earth, and shakes the world
Lapte Dipe’TALOUS. adj. [&s and vitamcv.] DIRE'CT, adj. [directus, Latin.] Having two flower leaves.
1. Straight; not crooked. Di'PHTHONG, 18,80 [Spgayris] A coali- 2. Not oblique,
s appears by mula
in the pot.
slides by, the question.
These men's opinions are not the product of
und: The ships would move in one and the same of itself, or of itself alter the direction of its mosurface; and consequently must needs encoun tion.
Cbeginning a ard
ter when they either advance towards one an 3. Order ; command; prescription.
Bentley. ta, of taking heed how she read the apocrypha; 3. (In astronomy.) Appearing to an as also by the help of other learned men's juuga eye on earth to move progressively
ments, delivered In like case, we may take din rection.
Hooker. through the zodiack; not retrograde.
I put myself to thy direction. Sbakspeare.
The nobles of the people digged it by the die .
rection of the law-giver.
Numbers. Dryden's Fables. 4. Not collateral: as, the grandson suc
Men's passions and God's direction seldom agree.
King Cbarles. ceeds his grandsire in a direct line.
General directions for scholastic disputers is, s. Apparently tending to some end, as in never to dispute upon mere trifles. Watts. a straight line.
4. Regularity; adjustment. Such was as then the state of the king, as it
All nature is but art unknown to thee ; was no time by direct means to seek her. And All chance, direction which thou canst not see. such was the state of his captivated will, as he
Popa would delay, no time of seeking her.
Sidney. DIRE'CTIVE. adj. (from direct.]
1. Having the power of direction.
A law therefore, generally taken, is a direr
tive rule unto goodness of operation. Hooker.
Locke. 6. Open ; not ambiguous.
A power of command there is without all There be, that are in nature faithful and
question, though there be some doubt in what sincere, and plain and direct, not crafty and in
faculty this command doth principally reside, volved.
whether in the will or the understanding. The Bacon, true resolution is, that the directive cominand
for counsel is in the understanding; and the applicative command, or empire, for putting in execution of what is directed, is in the will.
Bramball against Hobbes. On the directive powers of the former, and the regularity of the latter, whereby it is capable of direction, depends the generation of all bodies
Greux 2. Informing ; showing the way.
Nor visited by one directive ray,
The more a body is nearer to the eyes, and the more directly it is opposed to them, the more it is enlightened ; because the light languishes and lessens, the farther it removes from its proper source.
Dryder's Dufresnay. There was no other place assigned to any of this matter, than that whereunto its own gravity bore it, which was only directly down. wards, whereby it obtained that place in tho globe, which was just underneath. Woodwarda
If the refracted ray be retu: ned directly back Fob. to the point of incidence, it shall be retracted by
Newton's Opticks. 2. Immediately; apparently; without
circumlocution; without any long train of consequence.
Infidels, being clean without the church, deng guide directly, and utterly reject, the very principles
of christianity, which hereticks embrace, erroa neously by misconstruction.
Hooker. No man hath hitherto been so impious, as plainly and directly to condemn prayer. Hooker.
By asserting the scripture to be the canon of our faith, I have unavoidably created to myself enemies in the papists directly, because they have kepe the scripture from us what theycould.
Dryden's Preface to Religio Laici. His work directly tends to raise sentiments of honour and virtue in his readers. Addison.
No reason can be assigned, why it is best for the world that God Almighty hath absolute power, which doth, not directly prove that no mortal man should have the like. Swift.
7. Plain ; express
He no where, that I know, says it in direct
Two eagles from a mountain's height,
The spear flew hissing thro' the middle spáče,
any manual operation. Direction, n. s. [directio, Latin.] 1. Aim at a certain point.
the incident ray.
the effects of chatice and hazard, of a mind
Smalridge. 2. Tendency of motion impresssed by a
No particle of matter, not any combination
Straightness; tendency to any point; DI'RENESS. #. s. [from dire.] Disman the nearest way.
ness; horrour; hideousness. They argued from celestial causes only, the Direness, familiar to my'slaught'rous thoughts, constant vicinity of the sun, and the directness Cannot once start me.
Sbakspeare's Macbeth. of his rays; never suspecting that the body of DIRE'PTION. n. s. [direptio, Latin.) The the earth had so great an efficiency in the changes
act of plundering of the air.
DIRGE. [This is not a contraction of DIRE'CTOR. n. s. (director, Latin.]
the Latin dirige, in the popish hymn 1. One that has authority over others; a
Dirige gressus meos, as some pretend; superintendent; one that has the ge
but from the Teutonic dyrke, laudare, neral management of a design or work.
to praise and extol. Whence it is pos. Himself stood director over them, with nod
sible their dyrke, and our 'dirge, was a ding or stamping, shewing he did like or mislike those things he not understand. Sidney:
laudatory song to commemorate and In all affairs thou sole director.
applaud the dead. Verstegan. Bacon 2. A rule; an ordinance.
apparently derives it from dirige.). A Common forms were not desi n'd
mournful ditty ; a song of lamentation, Directors to a noble mind.
Suijt. Th' imperial jointress of this warlike state 3. An instructor ; one who shows the Have we, as 'twere, with a defeated joy,
With mirth in funeral, and with dirge in marproper methods of proceeding.
riage, They are glad to use counsellors and directors
In equal scale weighing delight and dole, in all their dealings of weight, as contracts, tes Taken to wife. Hooker.
Meanwhile the body of Richard, after many 4. One who is consulted in cases of con indignities and reproaches, the diriges and obsescience.
quies of the conimon people towards tyrants, I am her director and her guide in spiritual was obscurely buried.
Dryden. You from above shall hear each day 5. One appointed to transact the affairs One dirge dispatch'd unto your clay; of a trading company.
These your own anthems shall become, What made directors cheat in south-sea year.
Your lasting epicedium.
Pope. 6. An instrument in surgery, by which
Did office at the dirge, and by infection wept:
Drgain. the hand is guided in its operation. Di'rigent. adj. [dirigens, Latin.] The manner opening with a knife, is by
The dirigent line in geometry is that along, sliding it on a director, the groove of which pre which the line describent is carried, in the genevents its being misguided. Sbarp's Surgery ration of any figure.
Harriso Dire'CTORY. n. s. [from director.] The DIRK. n. š. [an Erse word.] A kind buok which the factious preachers
of dagger used in the Highlands of published in the rebellion for the di
Scotland. fection of their sect in acts of worship. As to the ordinance concerning the directory,
In vain thy hungry mountaineers
Come forth in all their warlike geers, we cannot consent to the taking away of the The shield, the pistol, dirk, and dagger, bock of common prayer,
In which they daily wont to swagger..
Tickla Oxford Reasons against the Cov. To Dirke. v.a. To spoil; to ruin. ObDIRE'FUL. adj. (This word is frequent solete.
among the poets, but has been cen Thy waste bigness but cumbers the ground, sured as not analogical : all other words And dirkes the beauties of my blossoms round: compounded with full consisting of a
Spenser. substantive and full: as, dreadful, or DIRT. n. s. [dryt, Dutch; dirt, Islanfull of dread; joyful, or full of joy.)
dick.] Dire; dreadful; dismal.
1. Mud; filth; mire; any thing that Point of spear it never piercen would,
sticks to the clothes or body. Ne dint of direful sword divide the substance They, gilding dirt in noble verse, could. Fairy Queen. Rustick philosophy rehearse.
Denbam But yet at last, whereas the direful fiend Nurnbers engage their lives and labours to She saw not stir, off shahing vain aftright,
heap together a little dirt that shall bury them She nigher drew, and saw that joyous end; in the end. Then God she pray'd, and thank'd her faithful The sea rises as high as ever, though the great knight.
Fairy Queen. heaps of dirt it brings along with it are apt to Direful hap betide that hated wretch
choak up the shallows. That makes us wretched by the death of thee. Mark by what wretched steps their glory
grow's ; 'The voice of God himself speaks in the heart From dirt and sea-weed as proud Venice rose; of men, whether they understand it or no; and In each how guilt and greatness equal ran, by secret intimations gives the sinner a foretaste And all that rais'd the
hero suak the man. of that direful çup, which he is like to drink
Pops more deeply of hereafter.
South. Is yellow dirt the passion of thy life? I curs'd the direful author of my woes: Look but on Gripus, or on Gripus' wife. Popso 'Twas told again, and thence my ruin rose.
. 4. DIRT. 3. a. (from the noun.] To
2. Meanness; Achilles' wrath, to Greeks the direful spring Of woes unnu nber'd, i.eavenly goddess! sing. foul; to bemire; to make filthy; to
bedaub; to soil; to pollute; to nasty.
taste into an oily one.
lised to dirty their fingers with pen, ink, and DISABILITY. 11. s. [from disable.] He that knows most of himself, knows lease To DISACCU'STOM. v. a. (dis and accus
company is like a dog, who dirts those for an inheritance; and the defendant pieads, most whom he loves best.
Swift. in disability, that the plaintiff is a bastard. DIRT-PIE. n. s. (dirt and pie.) Forms
Ayliffe's Parergon. moulded by children of clay, in imita
This disadvantage, which the dissenters at tion of pastry:
present lie under, of a disability to receive
church preferments, will be easily remedied by Thou settest thy heart upon that which has the repeal of the test.
Swift. tionc newly left off making of dirt-pies, and is but pre- T. DISABLE. v.a. [dis and able.) huru
paring itself for a green-sickness. Suckling
1. To deprive of force ; to weaken ; to 1. Nastily; foully ; filthily.
disqualify for any act. 2. Meanly; sordidly; shamefully.
The invasion and rebellion did not only dis
able this king to be a conqueror, but deprived Such gold as that wherewithal
him both of his kingdom and life. Davies. Chimiques from each mineral
Nor so is overcome
Satan, whose tall from heaven, a deadlier bruise
Disabled not to give thee thy death's wound. 1. Nastiness ; filthiness; foulness.
Milton. baseness; sordidness.
A christian's life is a perpetual exercise, a Di'rty, adj. (from dirt.]
wrestling and warfare, for which sensual pleasure 1. Foul ; nasty ; filthy:
disables him, by yielding to that enemy, with
whom he must strive. Thy Dol and Helen of thy noble thoughts
Taylor's Holy Living: Is in base durance, and contagious prison,
2. To hinder from action : used of things. Haul'd thither by mechanic, dirty hand. Sbaksp.
I have known a great fieet disabled for tud 2. Sullied; cloudy; not elegant.
months, and thereby lose great occasions by an Pound an almond, and the clear white colour
indisposition of the admiral.
Temple. will be altered into a dirty one, and the sweet
3. To impair; to diminish.
I have disabled mine estate,
Locke. j. Mean; base ; despicable.
By shewing something a more swelling port Such employments are the diseases of labour,
Than my faint means would grant continuance. and the rust of time, which it contracts not by
Sbakspeare. binarily, but by dirty employment.is Taylor
. 4. To deprive of usefulness or efficacy: Marriages would be made up upon more na
Farewel, Monsieur Traveller; look you lisp, taral motives than mere dirty interests, and in
and wear strange suits; disable all the benefits of crease of riches without measure or end. Temple.
your own country.
Shakspeare. They come at length to grow sots and epi
Your days I will alarm, I'll haunt your nights, cures, mean in their discourses, and dirty in
And worse than age disable your delights. South.
Dryden. T. Dírty. v.a. (from the noun.]
To exclude, as wanting proper quali
fications, The lords Strutts lived generously, and never
I will not disable any for proving a scholar, nor yet dissemhle that I have seen many happily
forced upon the course to which by nature they
Arbutbnet. :. To disgrace; to scandalize.
seemed much indisposed.
Wotton. To DISABU'SE, v.a. [dis and abuse.] To
set free from a mistake; to disentangle 2. The state of bursting, or breaking.
from a fallacy; to set right; to unde
ceive. position, implying commonly a priva,
The imposture and fallacy of our senses im
pose not only on common heads, but even more tive or negative signification of the word
retined mercuries, who have the advantages of an
Improved reason to disabuse you. Glanv. Scepsis, disarm; to join, to disjoin. It is bor
Those teeth fair Lyce must not show,
Like birds they stoop at seeming grapes,
Are disabus'd when first she gapes.
Waller. If by simplicity you meant a general defect in those that profess angling, I hope to disabuse you.
Chaos of thought and passion, ill confus'd; "Want of power to do any thing; weak- DISACCOMMODATION.n. s. (dis and ac
Still by himself abus'd or disabus'd. Pope. . commodation.] The state of being unft or unprepared.
Devastations have happened in some places Hooker.
more than in others, according to the accomto attend the conclusion.
modation or disaccommodation of them to such
Hale's Origin of Mankind. tom.] To destroy the force of habit by Glanville. disuse or contrary practice.
To DISACKNO'WLEDGE. v. a. [dis and Locke.
acknozcledge.) Not to acknowledge.
The manner of denying Christ's deity here prohibited, was, by words and oral expressions verbally to deny and disacknowledge it.
1. To foul ; to soil.
DIRUPTION. n. s. [diruptio, Latin.]
to which it is joined : as, to arm, to rowed from des, used by the French and Spaniards in this sense : as, desnouer, Latin de; as, struo, to build ; destrun,
Many withdrew themselves out of pure faint-
of his knowledge, and the exercised understand-
or disabilities of brutes.
DISACOÚA’INTANÇe. h. s. (dis and ac By denying civil worship to the emperor's Guaintance.). Disuse of familiarity. statues, which the custom then was to give, they
Conscience, by a long neglect of, and disac were proceeded against as disaffected to the emquaintance with itself, contracts an inveterate peror.
Stillingfleet. rust or soil.
South. DisAFFE'CTEDLY. adv. (from disafDISADVA'NTAGE, n., s. (dis and advan fected.) After a disaffected manner. tage.]
s. [from dis. #. Loss; injury to interest: as, he sold affected.] The quality of being disto disadvantage:
affected. e. Diminution of any thing desirable, as DIGAFFEʻction. n. s. [from disaffect.] credit, fame, honour.
1. Dislike ; ill-will. Chaucer in many things resembled Ovid, and In making laws, princes must have regard to that with no disadvantage on the side of the mo the public dispositions, to the affections and disdern author.
Dryden. affections of the people; and must not introduce The most shining merit goes down to poste a law with public scandal and displeasure. rity with disadvantage, when it is not placed by
Taylor's Rue of Holy Living. writers in its proper light.
Addison. 2. Want of zeal for the government; Those parts already published give reason to want of ardour for the reigning prince. think, that the Iliad will appear with no disadvantage to that immortal poem. Addison. In this age every thing disliked by those who Their testimony will not be of much weight
think with the majority, is called disaffection. to its disadvantage, since they are liable to the
Swift. common objection of condemning what they did 3. Disorder; bad constitution : in a phy. not understand.
sical sense. 3. A state not prepared for defence.
The disease took its original merely from the No fort can be so strong,
disaffection of the part, and not from the peccancy Neftcshly breast can armed be so sound,
of the humours.
Wiseman. But will at last be won with batt’ry long, DISAFFIRMANCE. 1. s. [dis and affirm.] Orunawares at disaavartage found. Fairy Queen. Confutation ; negation. To DISADVA'NTAGE. v. a. (from the That kind of reasoning which reduceth the opo noun.] To injure in interest of any kind. posite conclusion to something that is apparently
All other violences are so far from advancing absurd, is a demonstration in disaffirmance of any christianity, that they extremely weaken and thing that is affirmed.
Hak. disadvantage it.
Decay of Picty. To Disaffoʻrest. v. a. [dis and forest.] DISADVANTAGEABLE. adj. (trom dis To throw open to common purposes ;
advantage.] Contrary to profit ; pro to reduce from the privileges of a forest ducing loss. Not uset.
to the state of common ground. In clearing of a man's estate, he may as well hurt himself in being ioo sudden, as in letting it
The commissioners of the treasury moved the run on too long; for hasty selling is commonly
king to disafforest some forests of his, explaining as disadvantageable as interest.
themselves of such forests as lay out of the way, DISADVANTA GEOUS. adj. [from disad
not near any of the king's houses.
Bacon. vantage ] Contrary to interest; con
How happy's he, which hath due place as
sign'd trary to convenience ; unfavourable.
To his beasts; and disafforested his mind! A multitude of eyes will narrowly inspect every part of an eminent man, consider him To DISAGREÉ'. v.7. [dis and agree.] nicely in all views, and not be a little pleased i. To differ ; not to be the same. when they bave taken him in the worst and most disadvantageous lights.
The mind clearly and infallibly perceives all
Addison. DISADVANTA'GEOUSLY.adv. [from dis
distinct ideas to disagree; that is, the one not to be the other.
Locke. advantageous.] In a manner contrary 2. To differ; not to be of the same opito interest or profit ; in a manner not nion. favourable.
Why both the bands in worship disagree, An approving nod or smile serves to drive And some adore the flow'r, and some the tree. you on, and make you display yourselves more
Dryder. disadvantageously. Gov. of the Tongue. ' 3. To be in a state of opposition : fol. DISADVANTA'GEOUSNESS. n. s. [from
lowed by from or with, before the opo disadvantageous.) Contrariety to profit; posite. inconvenience; mischief loss.
It containeth many improprieties, disagreeing DISADVE'NTUROUS. adj. [dis and ad almost in all things from the true and proper venturous.] Unhappy ; unprosperous.
Brown. Now he hath left you here,
Strange it is, that they reject the plainest To be the record of his rueful loss,
sense of scripture, because it seems to disagree And of my doletul disadventurous death. F. Qu.
with what they call reason.
Atterbury. TO DISAFFE'CT. v. a. [dis and affeci.] DISAGREE ́ABLE. adj. [from disagree.] To fill with discontent; to discontent; Contrary ; unsuitable to make less faithful or zealous.
Some deinon, an enemy to the Greeks, had They had attempted to disaffect and discontent forced her to a conduct disagreeable to her sinhis majesty's late army. Clarendon. cerity.
Broome. DisAFFE'CTED. part. adj. [from dis. 2. Unpleasing; offensive.
affect.] Not disposed to zeal or affec. To make the sense of esteem or disgrace sipk tion. Usually applied to those who
the deeper, and be of the more weight, either are enemies to the government.
agreeable or disagreecble things should constantly accompany these different states.