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DIGLADIA’TION. *. s. [digladiatio, Lat.) ture of prevalent humours, may be collected A combat with swords; any quarrel or
from spots in our nails, we are not averse to concede.
Brown's Vulg. Errours, contest.
Aristotle seems purposely to intend the che- TO DIGRE'SS. 2. n. [digressus, Latin), rishing of controversial digladiatidas, by his own
1. To turn aside out of the road.. attection of an intricate obscurity. Glanville. 2. To depart from the main design of a DIGNIFIED. adj. [from dignify.] In- discourse, or chief tenour of an argu.
vested with some dignity: it is used ment. chiefly of the clergy.
In the pursuit of an argument there is hardly Abbors are stiled dignified clerks, as having room to digress into a particular definition, as some dignity in the church. Ayliffe's Parergon. often as a man varies the signification of any DIGNIFICA'TioN. B. s. [from dignity.]
3. To wander ; to expatiate. I grant that where a noble and ancient de- It seemeth (to digress no farther) that the scent and merit meet in any man, it is a double Tartarians, spreading so far, cannot be the Iso dignification of that person. Walton's Angler. raelites.
the To DIGNIFY. v.a. (from dignus and 4. To go out of the right way, or comfacio, Latin.)
mon track; to transgress; to deviate. s. To advance; to prefer; to exalt. Not in use. Used chiefly of the clergy.
I am come to keep my word, 2. To honour; to adorn; to give lustre Though in some part I am forced to digress,
Which at more leisure I vill so excuse to; to improve by some adventitious excellence, or honourable distinction.
As you shall well be satisfied.
Thy noble shape is but a form of wax,
Digre’ssion. n. s. [digressio, Latin.) Since Cæsar's fortunes! Sbaksp. Henry iv. 1. A passage deviating from the main te
Not that we think us worthy such a guest, nour or design of a discourse. But that your worth will dignify our feast.
The good man thought so much of his late Ben Jonson.
conceived commonwealth, that all other matters No turbots dignify my boards;
were but digressions to him.
Sidncy. But gudgeons, founders, what my 'Thames af.
He, she knew, would intermix fords.
Pope. Grateful digressions, and solve high dispute Di'GNITARY. n. s. [from dignus, Latin.) With conjugal caresses.
Milton. A clergyman advanced to some dignity, Here some digression I must make, t'accuse to some rank above that of a parochial
Thee, my forgettul and ungrateful muse.
To content and fill the eye of the understandIf there be any dignitaries, whose preferments
ing, the best authors sprinkle their works with are perhaps not liable to the accusation of super
pleasing digressions, with which they recreate the fluity, they may be persons of superior merit.
minds of thçir readers.
Dryden. Swift. Di’GNITY. 1. s. [dignitas, Latin.)
. The digression of the sun is not equal; but, 3. Rank of elevation.
near the equinoctial intersections, it is right and Angels are not any where spoken so highly of
greater; near the solstices more oblique and as our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, and are lesser.
Brown's Vulg. Errours. not in dignity equal to him.
Hooker. DIJUDICA’TION. n. s. [dijudicatio, Lat.) 2. Grandeur of mien ; elevation of aspect. Some men have a native dignity, which will Dike. n. s. [dic, Saxon ; dyk, Erse.]
Judicial distinction. procure them more regard by a look, than others can obtain by the most imperious commands.
I. A channel to receive water.
Clarissa. The dykes are fill'd, and with a roaring sound, 3. Advancement; preferment; high place.
The rising rivers float the nether ground. Dryd. Faster than spring-time show'rs comes thought,
The king of dykes! than whom no sluice of on thoughi, And not a thought but thinks on dignity. Sbaks.
With deeper sable blots the silver flood. Pope. For those of old,
2. A mound to hinder inundations. And these late dignities heap'd up to them. Sbaks.
God, that breaks up the flood-gates of so great
a deluge, and all the art and industry of man is 4. [Among ecclesiasticks.] By a dignity
not sufficient to raise up dykes and ramparts we understand tliet promotion or pre- against it. ferment to which any jurisdiction is To DILA'CERATE.
v. a. [dilacero, annexed.
Arifle's Parergon. s. Maxims ; general principles : rugiai
Latin.] To tear; to rend; to force cai.
The infant, at the accomplished period, struga The sciences concluding from dignities, and
gling to come forth, dilacerates and breaks those principles known by themselves, receive not sa
parts which restrained him before. *Brown, tisfaccion from probable reasons, much less from
DILACERAʼtion. n. s. [from dilaceratio, bare asseverations.
Latin.] . The act of rending in two. 6. (In astrology.) The planet is in dig
The greatest sensation of pain is by the obnity when it is in any sign.
struction of the small yessels, and dilaceration of Digno’TION, n. s. (irom dignosco, Lat.] the nervous tibres.
Arbutbrok Distinction; distinguishing mark. To DILA'NIATE, U. a. [dilanio, Latin.)
That temperamental digmaticas, and conjes- To tear; to rend in pieces.
Rather than they would dilaniate the entralls Diffus'd, it rises in a higher spliore;
Howel's England's Tears. These neither seasons guide, for order binds: To DILAPPIDATE. vin. (dilapido, La- · They now dila:e and now contract their force; tin.) To go to ruin; to fall by decay.
Various their speed, but endless is their course.
Prior. DILAPIDA'TION. n. s. [dilapidatio, Lat.)
The second refraction would spread the rays The incumbent's suffering the chancel,
one way as much as the first doth another, and no or any other edifices of his ecclesiastical
dilate the image in breadth as much as the first living, to go to ruin or decay, by neg
doth in length.
For to dilase at large; but urged sore,
With piercing words, and pitiful implore,
I observing, "Tis the duty of all church-wardens to prevent Took once a pliant hour, and found good means the dilapidations of the chancel and mansion- To draw from her a prayer of earnest heart house belonging to the rector or vicar. Aylife. That I would all my pilgrimage dilate, DILATABI’LITY. n. s. [from dilatable.] Whereof by parcels she had something heard, The quality of admitting extension. But not distinctively.
Sbaksp. Oilclia er extensiveness of the gullets of serpents: I We take notice of the wonderful diletability To DILA'TE. v. n.
1. To widen ; to grow wide.
It may be behoveful for princes, in matters in a constant motion.
of grace, to transact the same publickly, and by
themselves ; or their ministers to dilate upon it, ble of extension.
and improve their lustre, by any addition or eloquence of speech.
Clarendon. The windpipe divides itself into a great num- DILA'Tor. n. s. [from dilate.) That ber of branches, called bronchia: these end in mall air bladders, dilatable and contracrible, ca
which widens or extends. Fable to be inflaied by the admission of air, and
The buccinatores, or blowers up of the cheeks, to subside at the expulsion of it.
and the dilators of the nose, are too strong in
Aibutbnet. 1. The act of extending into greater space : opposed to contraction,
The quality of being dilatory; slow. The motions of the tongue, by contraction DI'LATORY. adj. [dilatiore, Fr. dila
torius, Lat.). Tardy; slow; given to
; 2. The state of being extended; the state
addicted to delay i
sluggish; loitering, in which the parts are at more distance An inferior council,
after former tedious suits
in a higher court, would be but dilatory, and so Joy causech a cheerfulness and vigour in the
to little purpose.
Heyward eyes; singing, leaping, dancing, and sometimes
What wound did ever heal but by degrees? tears: all these are the effects of the dilatation,
Thou know'st we work by wit, and not by and coming forth of the spirits into the outward
These cardinals trifle with me; I abhor into an oblong form, either by a dilatation of
This dilatory sloth, and tricks of Rome. Slaksa every ray, or by any other casual inequality of
Dilatory fortune plays the jilo
With the brave, noble, honest, gallant man,
Otway. A dilatory temper commits innumerable crucks ties without design.
Addison's Spectator. Dile'ction. n. s. [dilectio, Latin.] The act of loving; kindness.
So free is Christ's dilection, that the grand
DILEMMA. η. 5. [διλημμα.]
1. An argument equally conclusive by
contrary suppositions. A young rhetorician applied to an old sophist to be
taught the art of pleading, and barMilton.
gained for a certain reward to be paid, when he should gain a cause.
The master sued for his reward, and the Waler.
scholar endeavoured so elude his claim
from each other.
For now your light doth more itself dilate,
Opener of mine eyes,
that which couch'd our hearts of
by a dilemma : If I gain my cause, I DILUCIDA’TION, n.s. (from dilucidatid, shall withhold your pay, because the Latin.) The act of making clear ; judge's award will be against you; if I explanation ; exposition. lose it, I may withhold it, because I DI’LUENT. adj. (diluens, Latin.] Har. shall not yet have gained a cause. On ing the power to thin and attenuate the contrary, says the master, if you other natter. gain your cause, you must pay me, be- DILUENT. B. s. [from the adjective.] cause you are to pay me when you gain That which thins other matter. a cause ; if you lose it, you must pay There is no real diluent but water: every fluid me, because the judges will award it.
is diluent, as it contains water in it. Arbuibnet. A dilemma, that Morton used to raise bene
TO DILU'TE. v.a. [diluo, Latin.] volence, some called his fork, and some his 1. To make thin; to attenuate by the crotch.
Bacon's Henry VII. admixture of other parts. Hope, whose weak being ruin'd is
Drinking a large dose of diluted tea, as she Alike if it succeed, and if it miss ;
was ordered by a physician, she got to bed. Whom good or ill does equally confound,
Locke. And both the horns of fate's dilemma wound. The aliment ought to be thin to diinte, de
Cowley. mulcent to temper, or acid to subdue. Arbutb. 2. A difficult or doubtful choice; a vex
2. To make weak. atious alternative.
The chamber was dark, lest these colours A strong dilemma in a desp'rate case !
should be diluted and weakened by the mixture To act with infamy, or quit the place. . Swift. Dilu’re. adj. Thin ; attenuated.
of any adventitious light.
Newton. A dire dilemma, either way I'm sped; I foes they write, it friends they read, me dead.
If the red and blue colours were more dilute Pope. and weak, the distance of the images would be
less than an inch; and if they were more inDILIGENCE. n. s. [diligentia, Latin.] tense and full, that distance would be greater. Industry; assiduity; constancy in bu
Neuton. siness; continuance of endeavour ; un- Dilu’TER. n. s. [from dilute.] That intermitted application; the contrary which makes any thing else thin. to idleness.
Water is the only diluter, and the best dissolDe thy diligence to come shortly unto me. vent of most of the ingredients of our aliment. 2 Timoby.
Arbutbrot on Aliments. Brethren, give diligense to make your calling DILU'TION. n. s. [dilutio, Latin.] The and election sure.
2 Petor. act of making any thing thin or weak. DI'LIGENT. adj. [diligens, Latin.]
Opposite to dilution is coagulation or thicken1. Constant in application; persevering
ing, which is performed by dissipating the most in endeavour; assiduous ; not idle;
liquid parts by heat, or by insinuating some sub
stances, which make the parts of the fluid conot negligent; not lazy:
here more strongly. Arbuthnot on Aliments, Seest thou a man diligent in his business, he DILU'VIAN. adj. [from diluvium, Latin.) shall stand before kings.
Relating to the deluge. 2. Constantly applied ; prosecuted with Suppose that this diluvian lake should rise to activity and perseverance; assiduous. the mountain tops in one place, and not diffuse And the judges shall make diligent inquisition. itself equally into all countries about. Burnet.
Deuteronomy DIM. adj. (dimme, Saxon ; dy, Welsh; DILIGENTLY. adv. (from diligent.) With dow, Erse.]
assiduity ; with heed and perseverance; 1. Not having a quick sight; not seeing not carelessly; not idly; not negli- clearly. gently.
For her true form how can my spark discern, If you inquire not attentively and diligentiy,
Which, dim by nature, art did never clear? you shall never be able to discern a number of
Davies. mechanical motions.
Bacon. 2. Dull of apprehension. The ancients have diligently examined in what The understanding dim, and cannot by its consists the beauty of good postures. Dryden. natural light discover spiritual truths. Rogers. *Dill. n. s. (dile, Saxon.] An herb, 3. Not clearly seen ; obscure ; imper
which hath a slender, fibrose, annual fectly discovered. root; the leaves are like those of fen
We might be able to aim at some dim and
seeming conception, how matter might begin to nel; the seeds are oval, plain, streaked,
exist by the power of that eternal first Being. and bordered,
Locke. Dill is raised of seed, which is ripe in August. Something, as dim to our internal view, Morrimer. Is thus perhaps the cause of all we do.
Popes DILUCID. adj. [dilucidus, Latin.] 4. Obstructing the act of vision; not lu. 1. Clear; not opaque.
minous; somewhat dark. '2. Clear; plain; not obscure.
Her face right wondrous fair did seem to be, To Dilu'cidaTE. v. a. (from dilucidare, That her broad beauty's beam great brightness
threw * Latin.] To make clear or plain ; to
Through the dim shade, that all men might it see. explain ; to free from obscurity. 1 shall not extenuate, but explain and diluci- To Dim. v. a. (from the adjective.]
Spenser. date, according to the custom of the ancients:
Brown's Vulg. Errours. J. To cloud; to darken; to hinder from
a full perception of light, and free ex- What judgment I had, increases rather than ercise of vision.
diminishes; and thoughts, such as they are, come As where the Almighty's lightning brand does
crowding in so fast upon me, that my only diflight,
ficulty is to chuse or to reject. Dryden. It dins the dazed eyen, and daunts the senses
Crete's ample fields diminish to our eye; quite. Spenser's Fairy Queen.
Before the Boreal blasts the vessels fly.' Pepe. It hath been observed by the ancients, that
DIMI'NISHINGLY. adv. (from diminish.] much use of Venus doth din the sight; and yet In a manner tending to vilify, or leseunuchs, which are unable to generate, are nevertheless also dim sighted.
I never heard him censure, or so much as Every one declares against blindness, and yet
speak diminishingly of any one that was absent. who almost is not fond of that which dims his
DIMINU’TION. n. s. [diminutio, Latin.] For thee I din these eyes, and stuff this head,
1. The act of making less : opposed to With all such reading as was never read. Pups. 2. To make less bright; to obscure. augmentation. A ship that through the ocean wide,
The one is not capable of any diminution or By conduct of some star, doch make her way,
augmentation at all by men; the other apt to
adınit both. 'When as a storm hath dimd her trustyguide, 2. The state of growing less : opposed to
Hooker. Out of her course doch wander iar astray.
The gravitating power of the sun is trans To wail the dimning of our shining star. Shaksp. mited through the vast bodies of the planets Thus while he spake, each passion dimm’d his without any diminution, so as to act upon all face,
their parts, to their very centres, with the same Thrice cha ag'd.
Milton. force, and according to the same laws, as if the The principal figure in a picture is like a king part upon which it acts were not surrounded among his courtiers, who dims all his attendants. with the body of the planet.
Finite and infinite seem to be looked upon DIME'NSION. n. s. [dimensio, Latin.] as the modes of quantity, and to be attributed Space contained in any thing; bulk;
primarily to those things which are capable of increase or diminution.
Locte. extent; capacity. It is seldom used but in the plural. The three dimen. 3. Discredit; loss of dignity; degrada
tion. sions are length, breadth, and depth.
Gladly to thee
Heroick laureld Eugene yields the prime;
Philips My gentleman was measuring my walls, and taking the dimensions of the room. Secif.
4. Deprivation of dignity ; injury of re
putation, DIME'NSIONLESS. adj. [from dimension.]
Make me wise by thy truth, for my own soul's Without any definite bulk.
salvation, and I shall not regard the world's In they pass'd
opinion or diminution of me. King Charles, Dimensionless through heav’nly doors. Milton.
They might raise the reputation of another, DIME'NSIVE, adj. (dimensus. Lat.] That
though they are a diminution to his. Addison. marks the boundaries or outlines. 5. [In architecture.) The contraction
All bodies have their measure, and their space; of the diameter of a column, as it But who can draw the soul's dimensive lines?
Davies. DIMICA'TION. n. s. (dimicatio, Lat.)
Dimi'NUTIVE. adj. [diminutivus, Latin.)
A battle; the act of fighting; contest,
Small; little; narrow; contracted, Dict.
The poor wren,
The most diminutive of birds, will fight, DIMIDIA'TION. 1. s. (dimidiatio, Latin.] Her young ones in her nest, against the owl. The act of halving ; division into two
Sbaksp. Macbeth. equal parts.
Dict. It is the interest of mankind, in order to the To DIMI'NISH. v. a. (aliminuo, Latin.]
advance of knowledge, to be sensible they have 1. To make less by abscission or destruc
yet attained it but in poor and diminutive mea
Glanville's Scopsis. tion of any part; the opposite to in- The light of man's understanding is but a crease.
short, diminutive, contracted light, and looks That we call good which is apt to cause or in- not beyond the present.
Soutb. crease pleasure, or diminish pain in us. Locke. If the ladies should once take a liking to such 2. To impair; to lessen ; to degrade. a diminutive race of lovers, we should, in a little Impiously they thought
time, see mankind epitomized, and the whole Thee to diminish, and from thee withdraw
species in miniature.
Addison. The number of thy worshippers. Milton. They know how weak and aukward many of
those little diminutive discourses are. Wests. 3. To tåke any thing from that to which it belongs : the contrary to add.
DIMI'NUTIVE. n. s. [from the adjective.) Nothing was diminished from the safety of the
A word formed to express
littleness : king by the imprisonment of the duke. Hayw. as lapillus, in Latin, a little stone ; mai. Ye shall not add unto the word which I com
sonette, in French, a little bouse; -maniken, mand you, neither shall you diminisb aught from
in English, a little man. iz
He afterwards proving a dainty and effeminate To DIMI'NISH. V. n. To grow less; to youth, was commonly called, by the diminutive be impaired,
of his name, Peterkin or Perkin. Bacon.
Sim, while but Sim, in good repute did live; DI'MPLY. adj. [from dimple.] Full of Was then a knave, but in diminutive. Cotton.
dimples; sinking in littie inequalities, 2. A small thing. Not in use.
As the smooth surface of the dimply flood Follow his chariot; monster-like, be shewn
The silver-slipper’d virgin lightly trod. Warton. For poor'st diminutives, for doits ! Shaksp. Dimi'nUTIVELY. adv. (from diminutive.] DIN. n. s. [tyn, a noise ; Sýnan, to make In a diminutive manner.
a noise, Saxon; dyna, to thunder, IsDIMI'NUTIVENESS. n. s. [from diminu. landick.) A loud noise; a violent and tive. Smallness; littleness; pettyness ;
continued sound. want of bulk; want of dignity.
And all the way he roared as he went, Di'MISH. adj. [from dim.] Somewhat
That all the forest with astonishment dim; somewhat obscure.
Thereof did tremble; and the beasts therein 'Tis true, but let it not be known,
Fled fast away from that so dreadful din.
Hubberd's Tale. My eyes are somewhat dimish grown;
0, 'twas a din to fright a monster's ear; For nature, always in the right, To your decays adapts my sight. Swift.
To make an earthquake: sure, it was the roar
Of a whole herd of lions. Shaksp. Tempesta DIMISSORY. adj. [dimissorius, Latin.]
While the cock with lively din That by which a man is dismissed to Scatters the rear of darkness thin; another jurisdiction.
And to the stack, or the barn door, A bishop of another diocess ought neither to Stoutly struts his dame before. Milton. ordain or admit a clerk, without the consent of
Now night over heav'n his own proper bishop, and without the letter's Inducing darkness, grateful truce impos'd, dimissory.
And silence, on the odious din of war. Milton DI'MITTY. 16. S. A fine kind of fustian,
How, while the troubled elements around, or cloth of cotton.
Earth, water, air, the stunning din resound,
Thro' streams of smoke and adverse fire he rides, I directed a trowze of fine dimitty. Wiseman,
While every shot is levelled at his sides. Smith. DIMLY. adv. (from dim.]
Some independent ideas, of no alliance to one 1. Not with a quick sight; not with a
another, arc, by education, custom, and the clear perception.
.constant din of their party, so coupled in their Unspeakable! who site'st above these heav'ns, minds, that they always appear there together, To us invisible, or dimly seen
Locke, In these thy lowest works.
Milton. 'To Din. v. a. (from the noun.] 2. Not brightly; not luminously.
1. To stun with noise ; to harass with In the beginning of our pumping the air, the
clamour, match appeared well lighted, though it had al
Rather live : most filled the receiver with fumes, but by de
Boyle. grees it burnt more and more dimly.
To bait thee for his bread, and din your ears I saw th' angelick guards from earth ascend,
With hungry cries. Otway's Venice Preserved. Griev'd they must now no longer man attend; 2. To impress with violent and continued The beams about their temples dimly shone;
noise. One would have thought the crime had been their own.
What shall we do, if his majesty puts out 2 Dryden.
proclamation commanding us io take Wood's Di'MNESS. n. s. (froin dim.]
halfpence? This hath been often dinned in my 1. Dulness of sight.
Swifi. 2. Want of apprehension ; stupidity. Answerable to this dimness of their perception,
To DINE. v. n. [diner, fr.] To eat was the whole system and body of their religion.
the chief meal about the middle of the Decay of Piety.
day. 3. Obscurity; not brightness.
Perhaps some merchant hach invited him, DI'MPLE. 7. s. (dint, a hole; dintle a
And from the mart he's somewhere gone to
dinner: little hole; by a careless pronunciation
Good sister, let us dine, and never fret. Sbaksp. dimple. Skinner.] A small cavity or
Myself, he, and my sister, depression in the cheek, chin, or other To-day did dine together.
He would dine with him the next day. Claren. The dimple of the upper lip is the common
Thus, of your heroes and brave boys, measure of them all.
With whom old Homer makes such 'noise, In her forehead's fair half-round,
The greatest actions I can find, Love sits in open triumph crown'd;
Are, that they did their work, and dir’d. Prior. He in the dimple of her chin,
To Dine. v. a. To give a dinner to; to In private state, by friends is seen.
Prior. feed. To Di’MPLE. v. n. [from the noun.] To
Boil this restoring root in gen'rous wire, sink in small cavities, or little inequa- And set beside the door the sickly stock to direct lities.
Dryden's Virgil. The wild waves master'd him, and suck’d Dine’TICAL. adj. [dimtex.] Whirling him in,
round; vertiginous. And smiling eddies dimpled on the main. Dryd. Some of late have concluded, from spots is
Eternal smiles his emptiness betr'y,
the sun, which appear and disappear again, ebat;
besides the revolution it maketh with its orbs, ic DI'MPLED. adj. (from dimple.] Set with
hatli also a diretical motion, and rolls upon its dimples.
Brown's Vulgar Errturs. On each side her
Aspherical figure is most commodious for Stood pretty dimpled boys like smiling Cupids,
dineticel motion, or revolution upon its own Sbaisp. axis,