« ForrigeFortsett »
Which thrice he sprinkled round, and thrice
aloud Invok'd the dead, and then dismiss'd the crowd. Dryden's Aeneid. He turn’d a tyrant in his latter days, And, from the bright meridian where he stood, Descending, dipp'd his hands in lover's blood, - Dryden. The kindred arts shall in their praise conspire, One dip the pencil, and one string the *. - ope • Now, on fancy's easy wing convey'd, p The king descended to th' Elysian shade; There in a dusky vale, where Lethe rolls, Old Bavius sits to dip poetic souls. Pope's Dunc. So fishes, rising from the main, Can soar with moisten'd wings on high; The moisture dried, they sink again, And dip their wings again to fly. 2. To moisten; to wet. And though not mortal, yet a cold shudd'ring dew Dipt me all o'er, as when the wrath of Jove Speaks thunder. - Milton. 3. To be engaged in any affair. When men are once dipt, what with the encouragemeits of sense, custom, facility, and shame of departing from what they have given themselves up to, they go on till they are stifled. L'Estrange. In Richard's time, I doubt, he was a little dipt in the rebellion of the commons. Prydon. 4. To engage as a pledge; generally used for the first mortgage. . . . . . . Be careful still of the main chance, my son; Put out the principal in trusty hands, Live on the use, and never dip thy lands. - Dryden's Persius. To DIP. v. n. o a. To sink; to immerge. We have snakes in our cups, and in our dishes; and whoever dips too deep will find death in the pot. -- L'Estrange. 2. To enter; to pierce. The vulture dipping in Prometheus' side, His bloody beak with his torn liver dyed. Granville. 3. To enter slightly into any thing. When I think all the repetitions are struck out in a copy, I sometimes i. more upon dipping in the first volume. Pope.
woulds thou prefer him to some man? Sup
tion of two vowels to form one sound : as, vain, leave, Caesar. We see how many disputes the simple and ambiguous nature of vowels created among grammarians, and how it has begot the mistake concerning opethongs ., all that are properly so are syllables, and not diphthongs, as is intended to be signified by that word. Płolder. Make a dipštěog of the second eta and iota, instead of their being two syllables, and the ob. jection is gone. Pope. DI'Ploe. m. s. The inner plate or lamina of the skull. DIPLos M.A. m. s. [37xauz.] A letter or writing conferring some privilege ; so called, because they used formerly to be written on waxed tables, and folded together. D1 PPER. m. s. dips in the water. DIPPING Needle. m. s. A device which shows a particular property of the magnetic needle, so that, besides its polarity or verticity, which is its direction of altitude, or height, above the horizon, when duly poised about an horizontal a is, it will always point to a determined degree of altitude, or elevation above the horizon, in this or that place respectively. Phillips. Di P's As. m. s. [Latin, from 3,442, to thirst.] . A serpent, whose bite produces the sensation of unquenchable thirst. Scorpion, and asp, and amphishorna dire, Cerastes horn'd, hydrus, . ellops drear, And dipsas. -Milton. Di PTO TE. m. s. [220.127.116.11z.] A noun consisting of two cases only. Clark. Di PTY ch. m. s. [diptycha, Latin ; two leaves folded together.] A register of bishops and martyrs. The commemoration of saints was made out of the diptychs of the church, as appears by multitudes of places in St. Austin. Stillingfieet. DIRE. adj. [dirus, Latin.] Dreadful.; dismal; mournful; horrible ; terrible; evil in a great degrec. t Women fight, To doft their dire distresses. Shai pears. More by intemperance die In no and drinks, which on the earth shall i in Diseases %. ; of which a monstrous crew Before thee chall appear. • Milion. Hydras, and gorgons, and chimaeras dire. - Milton. Or what the cross dire-looking planet smites, Or hurtlul worm, with canker'd venon, bites. * . - A4i/?on. Dire was the toosing, deep the groans, despair Tended the sick. Misten. biscord! dire sister of the slaughter'd pow'r, Sinali at her birth, but rising ev'ry hour; While scarce the skies her horrid lead can
bound, . . " She stalks on earth, and shakes the world around. . . . . . Pope. DIRE'CT. adj. [tirectur, Latin.] 1. Straight ; not crooked. 2. Not oblique, . . .
[from dip.] One that
The ships would move in one and the same surface; and consequently must needs encounter when they either advance towards one ancther in direct lines, or meet in the intersection cfcross lines. Bentley. 3. [In astronomy.] Appearing to an eye on earth to move progressively through the zodiack; not retrograde. Two geomantick figures were display'd Above his head, a warrior and a maid, One when direct, and one when retrograde. Dryden's Falles. 4. Not collateral : as, the grandson succeeds his grandsire in a direct line. 5. Apparently tending to some end, as in a straight line. Such was as then the state of the king, as it was no time by direct means to scek her. And such was the state of his captivated will, as he would delay no time of seeking her. Sidney. • He that does this, will be able to cast ott all that is superfluous; he will see what is pertiment, what coherent; what is direct to what slides by, the question. Locks. 6. Open ; not ambiguous. There be, that are in nature faithful and sincere, and plain and direct, not crafty and involved. Bacon. 7. Plain; express. He no where, that I know, says it in direct
words. Locke. To DIRE'cr. v. a. [dirigo, directum, Latin.]
1. To aim or drive in a straight line. Two eagles from a mountain's height. By Jove's command, direct their rapid flight.
of itself, or of itself alter the direction of its indtion. - Choyo. 3. Order; command; prescription. From the counsel that St. Jerome giveth I.eta, of taking heed how she read the apocrypha; as also by the help of other learned men's judoments, delivered in like case, we may take direction. Hooker. w Ev’n now I put myself to thy direction. Shakuprare. The nobles of the people digged it by the direction of the law-giver. %. hers. Men's passions and God's direction seldom agree. King Charles. General direction, for scholastic disputers is, never to dispute upon mere trifles. Watts. 4. Regularity; adjustment. All nature is but art unknown to thee; All chance, direction which thou can't not see. Pope, DIRE"ctive. adj. [from direct.] 1. Having the power of direction. A law therefore, generally taken, is a direetive rule unto goodness of operation. Howser. jwer .* command there is without all uestion, though there be some doubt in what aculty this command doth principally reside, whether in the will or the understanding. The true resolution is, that the directive command for counsel is in the understanding; and the applicative command, or empire, for putting in execution of what is directed, is in the will. Bramhall against Hobber. On the directive powers of the former, and the regularity of the latter, whereby it is cap. ble of direction, depends the generation of all bodies. Grew. 2. Informing; showing the way. Nor visited by one directive ray, From cottage streaming, or from airy ball. Thomson. DIF E^crlz. cav. [from direct.] 1. In a straight line ; rectilineally. The more a body is nearer to the yes, an? the more directl, it is oposed other, one moré it is enlightere: ; *... the lio orzone.” and lessers, tie :ar:2: it rerozes from *-* proPer cir:e. 1974-', 12-frozy. There was no eror place zigned to any of this rarer, oran or it was re-at, its own zravity core it, or 5 was o: dirty own
Straightness; tendency to any point; Da'Reness. n. . [from dire.] Dismal
the nearest way. They argued from celestial causes only, the constant vicinity of the sun, and the directness of his rays; never suspecting that the body of the earth had so great an efficiency in the changes of the air. Bentley. DIRE'croR. m. s. [director, Latin.] 1. One that has authority over others; a superintendent; one that has the gemeral management of a design or work. Himself stood director over them, with nodding or stamping, shewing he did like or mislik those things he not understand. Sid
In all affairs thou sole director. Swift. 2. A rule; an ordinance. Common forms were not design'd Directors to a noble mind. Swift.
3. An instructor; one who shows the Popo methods of proceeding. They are glad to use counsellors and directors in all #: dealings of weight, as contracts, testaments. Hooker. 4. One who is consulted in cases of conscience. I am her director and her guide in spiritual affairs. den. 5. One appointed to transact the offir. of a trading company. What made directors cheat in south-sea %. - - ope. 6. An instrument in surgery, by which the hand is guided in its operation. The manner of opening with a knife, is by sliding it on a director, the groove of which prevents its being misguided. Sharp's Surgery. DIRE'crow Y. n.s.. [from director.] The buok which the factious preachers published in the rebellion for the direction of their sect in acts of worship. As to the ordinance concerning the directory, we cannot consent to the taking away of the bock of common 6; xford Reasons against the Cov.
BIRE"Fui... adj. [This word is frequent among the poets, but has been censured as not analogical ; all other words compounded with full consisting of a substantive and full as, dreadful, or full of dread ; joyful, or full of joy.] Dire; dreadful; dismal. Point of spear it never piercen would, Ne dint of direful sword divide the substance could. Fairy Queen. But yet at last, whereas the *:::: fien She saw not stir, off shaking vain affright, She nigher drew, and saw that joyous end; Then God she pray'd, and thank'd her faithful knight. Fairy Queen. Dirful hap betide that hated wretch That makes us wretched by the death of thee. - Skakspeare. The voice of God himself speaks in the heart of men, whether they understand it or no; and by secret intimations gives the sinner a foretaste of that direful cup, which he is like to drink more deeply of hereafter. South. I ão direful author of my woes: ‘Twas told again, and thence my ruin rose. - Drydon. Achilles' wrath, to Greeks the direful spring Of woes unnumbel'd, i.eavenly goddess! sing. - - - - J'ope,
mess ; horrour; hideousness. Direness, familiar to my slaught'rous thoughts, Cannot once start me. ... Shai peare's Mačeth. DIRE'PTIo N. m. s. [direptio, Latin.] The act of plundering. DIRGE. [This is not a contraction of the Latin dirige, in the -popish hymn Dirige greitus meos, as some pretend; but from the Teutonic dyrke, laudare, to praise and extol. Whence it is possible their dyrke, and our dirge, was a laudatory song to commemorate and applaud the dead. Werstegan. Bacon apparently derives it from dirige.] A mournful ditty; a song of lamentation, Th’ imperial jointress of this warlike state Have we, as 'twere, with a defeated joy, With mirth in funeral, and with dirge in marriage, In equal scale weighing delight and dole, Taken to wife. hakspeare's Hanlet. Meanwhile the body of Richard, after many indignities and reproaches, the diriger and obsequies of the common people towards tyrants, was obscurely buried. Bacco. You from above shall hear each day One dirge dispatch'd unto your clay;" | These your own anthems shall become, Your lasting epicedium. Sandyt. All due measures of her mourning kept, Did office at the dirge, and by infection wept. ryazz. D1'RIG ENT. adj. [dirigens, ol The dirigent, line, in geometry is that along which the line describent is carried, in the generation of any figure. arris.
DIRK. n. . [an Erse word.] A kind
DIRT. m. s. [dryt, Dutch; dirt, Islandick.] 1. Mud ; filth; mire; any thing that sticks to the clothes or body. They, gilding dirt in noble verse, Rustick philosophy rehearse. Denham. Numbers engage, their lives and labours to heap together a little dirt that shall bury them in the end. akr. The sea rises as high as ever, though the great heaps of dirt it brings along with it are apt to choak up the shallows. Addison. Mark by what wretched steps their glory grows; From dirt and sea-weed as proud Venice rose; In each how guilt and greatness equal ran, And all that rais'd the hero sunk the man.
* company is like a dog, who dirt, those most whom he loves best. Swift. DiRT-P1 E. m. s. [dirt and pie.] Forms moulded by children of clay, in imitation of pastry. Thou settest thy heart upon that which has newly left off making of dirt-pies, and is but preparing itself for a green-sickness. Suckling. Di'RTILY. adv. [from dirty.] 1. Nastily; foully ; filthily. 1. Meanly; sordidly; shamefully. . Such gold as that wherewithal Chimiques from each mineral * Are dirtily and desperately gull'd. Di'RTIN Ess. m. s. [from dirty.] 1. Nastiness; filthiness; foulness. 2. Meanness; baseness; sordidness. D1'RTY. adj. [from dirt.] 1. Fouli nasty; filthy. Thy Dol and Helen of thy noble thoughts Is in base durance, and contagious prison, Haul'd thither by mechanic, dirty hand. Shakup. 2. Sullied; cloudy ; not elegant. Pound an almond, and the clear white colour will be altered into a dirty one, and the sweet taste into an oily one. Docke. 3. Mean; base; despicable. Such employments are the diseases of labour, and the rust of time, which it contracts not by lying still, but by dirty employment. Taylor. Marriages would be . up upon more nataral motives than mere dirty interests, and increase of riches without measure or end. Temple. They come at length to grow sots and epicures, mean in their discourses, and dirty in their practices. 3. To Du'RTY. v.a. [from the noun.] 1. To foul; to soil. The lords Strutts lived generously, and never used to dirty their fingers with pen, ink, and counters. Arbuthnot. 2. To disgrace; to scandalize. DIRU'PTION. m. s. [diruptio, Latin.] 1. The act of bursting, or breaking. 2. The state of bursting, or breaking. Dis. An inseparable particle used in composition, implying commonly a priva: tive or negative signification of the word to which it is joined : as, to arm, to disarm ; to join, to disjoin. It is borrowed from des, used by the French and Spaniards in this sense; as, defnouer, to untie; desterrar, to banish : from the Latin de ; as, struo, to build ; destruo, to destroy. Disa B1 1.1 ry. m. s. [from disable.] 1. Want of power to do any thing; weakness; impotence. Our consideration of creatures, and attention unto . are not in themselves things of like disability to breedor beget faith. Hooker. Many withdrew themselves out of pure faintness, and disability to attend the conclusion. Raleigh. He that knows most of himself, knows least of his knowledge, and the exercised understanding is conscious of its disability. Glanville. . The ability of mankind does not lie in the impotency or disabilities of brutes. Locłe. 2. Want of proper qualifications for any purpose; legal impediment. A suit is commenced in a temporal court
... for an inheritance; and the defendant pleads, in disability, that the plaintiff is a bastard. y Ayliffo's Parergon. This disadvantage, which the dissenters at present lie under, of a disability to receive church preferments, will be easily remedied by the repeal of the test. Swift. To Dis'A' BLE. v. a. [dis and able.] 1. To deprive of force; to weaken ; to dio for any act. e invasion and rebellion did not only dirable this king to be a conqueror, but deprived him both of his kingdom and life. avier. - Nor so is overcome Satan, whose fall from heaven, a deadlier bruise Disabled not to give thee thy death's wound. AMilton. A christian's life is a perpetual exercise, a wrestling and warfare, for which sensual pleasure disables i. by yielding to that enemy, with whom he must strive. Taylor's Holy Living. 2. To hinder from action: used of things. I have known a great fleet disabled for two months, and thereby lose great occasions by an indisposition of the admiral. Temple. 3. To imp. to diminish. have disabled mine estate, By shewing something a more swelling port Than my faint means would grant continuance. - Shakspeare. 4. To deprive of usefulness or efficacy. Farewel, Monsieur Traveller; look you lisp, and wear strange suits; disable alth benefits of your own country. Shakspeare. Your days I will alarm, I'll haunt your nights, And worse than age disable your delights. w Dryden.
5. To exclude, as wanting proper quali
fications. I will not disable any for proving a scholar, nor yet dissemble that I have seen many happily forced upon the course to which by nature they seemed much indisposed. Wotton. To DIs A BU’s E. v. a. [dis and abuse.] To set free from a mistake i to o: from a fallacy; to set right; to undeceive. The imposture and fallacy of our senses impose not only on common heads, but even more refined mercuries, who have the advantages of an improved reason to disabuse you. Glauv. Scopsis. hose teeth fair Lyce must not show, If she would bite: her lovers, though Like birds they stoop at seeming grapes, Are disabus’d when first she gapes. Waller. If by simplicity you meant a general defect in those that profess angling, I hope to disabuse you. Walton's Angler. Chaos of thought and passion, all confus'd; Still by himself abus'd or disabus'd. Pope. D1s Accom MoD A Tio N. m. s. [dio and accommodation.] The state of being unfit or unprepared. Devastations have happened in some places more than in others, according to the accommodation or disaccommodation of them to such calamities. Hale's Origin of Mankind. To D1s Accu's to M. v. a. [dis and accustom.] To destroy the force of habit by disuse or contrary practice. To Dis Ack Now L'Édo E. v. a. [dis and acknowledge.] Not to acknowledge. The manner of denying Christ's deity here prohibited, was, by words and oral expressions verbally to deny aid disacknowledge it. Soutě. 151's Acou A'1NTAN ce. n. 4. [dis and arquaintance.J. Disuse of familiarity. Conscience, by a long neglect of, and disacquaintance with itself, contracts an inveterate rust or soil. South. Disadva’NTAGE. n.f. [dio and advantage.] s, Loss; injury to interest, as, he sold to disadvantage. 2. Diminution of anything desirable, as credit, fame, honour. Chaucer in many things resembled Ovid, and that with no disadvantage on the side of the modern author. Dryden. The most shining merit goes down to posterity with disadvantage, when it is not placed by writers in its proper light. Addison. Those parts already Foll. give reason to think, that the Iliad will appear with no disadwantage to that immoral poem. Addison. Their testimony will not be of much weight to its disadvantage, since they are liable to the common objection of condemning what they did not understand. Swift. 3. A state not prepared for defence. No fort can be so strong, Ne fleshly breast can armed be so sound, But will at last be won with batt'ry long, Or unawares at disadvantage found. Fairy Queen. ‘so fji's AB v A. N.T.A.G.E. v. a. [from the noun. To injure in interest of any kind. All other violences are so far from advancin christianity, that they extremely weaken an disadvantage it. Decay of Piety. DIs A D v A' NTAG EAR LE. adj. [from dis...tvantage.] Contrary to profit ; producing loss. Not used. In clearing of a man's estate, he may as well hurt i. being too sudden, as in letting it run on too long; for hasty selling is commonly as disadvant-geable as interest. acco. Disadvan TA GEous. adj. [from disadvantage J Contrary to interest; contrary to convenience; unfavourable. A multitude of eyes will narrowly, inspect every part of an eminent man, consider him nicely in all views, and not be a little pleased when they have taken him in the worst and most disadvantageous lights. Addison. DISAD v ANTA GE ous LY. adv. [from disadvantageous.] In a manner contrary to interest or profit; in a manner not favourable. An approving nod or smile serves to drive you on, and make you display yourselves more disadvantageously. Gov. of the Tongue. Disadva NTA’GE ous N Ess. m. s. [from disadvantageous.] Contrariety to profit; inconvenience; mischief; loss. Disadve’NTuRous. adj. [dis and ad‘venturous.] Unbappy; unprosperous. Now he hath left you here, To be the record of his rueful loss, And of my doleful disadventurous death. F. Qu. To Dis AFFE'cr: v. a. [dis and affect.] To fill with discontent; to discontent; to make less faithful or zealous. They had attempted to disaffect and discontent his majesty's late army. Clarendon. Disaff E°cted. part. adj. [from disaffect.] Not disposed to zeal or affection. Usually applied to those who are entmies to the government,
By denying civil worship to the emperor's statues, which the custom then was to give, they were proceeded against as disaffected to the emperor. Stillingfleet. Disaff E°ctedly. adv. [from disaffected.] After a disaffected manner. Disaffected Ness. n. *... [from disaffected.] The quality of being disaffected. Disaffe′ction... n.s.. [from disaffect.] 1. Dislike , ill-will. In making laws, princes must have regard to the public dispositions, to the affections and disaffections of the people; and must not introduce a law with public scandal and displeasure. Taylor's Rule of Holy Living. 2. Want of zeal for the government; want of ardour for the reigning prince. In this age every thing disliked by those who think with the majority, is called *:::, wift. 3. Disorder; bad constitution : in a physical sense. The disease took its original merely from the disaffoon of the part, and not from the peccancy of the humours. Treman. Dis.AF F1 R MAN ce. n.s. [dis and affirm.] Confutation ; negation. That kind of reasoning which reduceth the posite conclusion to something that is apparently absurd, is a demonstration in disaffirmance of any thing that is affirmed. - ale. To Dis Affo Rest. v. a. [dis and forest.] To throw open to common purposes; to reduce from the privileges of a forest to the state of common ground. The commissioners of the treasury moved the king to disafforest some forests of his, explaining themselves of such forests as lay out of the way, not near any of the king's houses. Bacon. Hoy, he, which hath due place as- sign To his beasts; and disafforested his mind! Donne. To Disagr EE’. ‘v. m. [dis and agree.] 1. To differ; not to be the same. The mind clearly and infallibly perceives all distinct ideas to disagree; that is, the one not to be the other. - Locke. 2. To differ; not to be of the same opinion. Why both the bands in worship disagree, And some adore the flow'r, and some the tree. - den. 3. To be in a state of opposition: followed by from or with, before the opposite. It containeth many ... dirogreeing almost in all things from the true and proper description, Brown. Strange it is, that they reject the plainest sense of scripture, because it seems to disagree with what they call reason. Atterbury. DIs AGREE"ABLE. adj. [from disagree.] 1. Contrary ; unsuitable. Some demon, an enemy to the Greeks, had forced her to a conduct disagreeable to her sincerity. row.or3. toppleasing ; offensive. To make the sense of esteem or disgrace sink the deeper, and be of the more weight, either agreeable or ogreeable things should constantly accompany these different states. J.co.