TO DING. v. a. pret. dung. [Zringen, His vell-arm'd front against his rival aims,

Ard by the dint of war his mistress claims. Gay. 1. To dath with violence.

To DINT'. v. a. (from the noun.] TO 2. To impress with force.

mark with a cavity by a blow, or vioTo DING: v.n. To bluster ; to bounce ;

lent impression. to huff. A lox word.

With greedy force each other both assail, He huffs and dings, because we will not spend

And strike so fiercelv, that they do impress the little we have left, to get him the title of lord

Deep-dinted furrows in the batier'd mail: Strut.


The iron walls to ward their blows were weak and frail.

Fairy Queens DING-DONG. n. s. A word by which

Leave, leave, fair bride, vour solitary bone, the sound of bells is imitated.

No more shall you return to it alone; Let us all ring fancy's knell;

It nurseth sadness; and our body's print, Ding, deng, bello

Sbakspeare. Like to a grave, the yielding dowu doth dint. DI'NGLE, n. s. [from den, or din, a hol

Donne. low, Saxon.) A hollow between hills; Deep-dinted wrinkles on her cheeks she draws; a dale.

Sunk are her eyes, and toothless are her jaws. I know each lane, and every alley green,

Dryden's Æneid. Dingle or bushy dell of this wild wood;

DINUMERA’TION. 1. s. (dinumer 1110, And every bosky bourn from side to side, Lat.) The act of numbering out sinly. My daily walks and ancient neighbourhood. Dioce'sAn. 1. s. (from diocess.] A bi.

Milton. DININGROOM. n. s. [dine and room.

shop, as he stands related to his own

clergy or flock. The principal apartment of the house;

As a diocesan you are like to outdo yourself the room where entertainments are in all other capacities, and exemplify every word made.

of this discourse.

Soutb. He went out from the dining-room before he

I have heard it has been advised by a diocesan had fallen into errour by the intemperance of

to his inferior clergy, that they should read some his meat, or the deluge of drink. Taylor.

of the most celebrated sermons printed by DissER. n. s. (diner, French.) The


Tatier. chief meal; the meal eaten about the Di’OCESS. n. s. [diæcesis; a Greek word, middle of the day.

compounded of oià and innoiç.) The Let me not stay a jot for dinner :

circuit of every bishop's jurisdiction ; Go, get it ready. Sbakspeare's King Lear. for this rea'ın has two divisions, one

Before dinner and supper, as often as it is cor- into shires or counties, in respect of venient, or can be had, let the public prayers of the church, or some parts of them, be said pub

temporal policy; another into dioceses, licly in the family.


in respect of jurisdiction ecclesiastical. The jolly crew, unmindful of the past,

Cowell. The quarry share, their plenteous ditu: haste. None ought to be admitted by any bishop, but

Dryda's Æneid. such as have dwelt and remained in his diocess a DI'NNER-TIME. n. s. [dinner and time.) convenient tine.

Whitgift. The time of dining.

He should regard the bishop of Rome as the At dinur-time,

islanders of Jersey and Guernsey do him of I pray you, have in mind where we must meet.

Constance in Normandy, that is, nothing at all;

since by thai French bishop's refusal to swear

Stakspeare. Then from the Toint walks forth the man of

unko our king, those isles were annexed to the

diocess of Winchester. rhyme,

Raleigt's Essays. Happy to catch me just at dinner-time. Popes

St. Paul looks upon Tit's as advanced to the

dignity of a prince, ruler of the church, and inDINT. n. s. (ayne, Saxon.)

trusted with a large diocess, containing many 1. A blow; a stroke.

particular cities, under the immediate governMuch daunted with that dint her sense was ment of their respective elders, and those dedaz'd;

riring authority tron his ordination. Soutb. Yet, kindling rage, herself she gather'd round. DIOʻPTRICAL. n. s. [dótlouer.] Af.

Stenset. DIOʻPTRIC.
Neirhar vainly hope

5 fording a medium. To be invulnerable in these tright arms,

for the sight; assisting the sight in the 'Though temper'd beav'nly; for that mortal dint,

view of distant objects. Save he who reigns above, none can resist.

Being excellently rell furnished with dioptri

Milton. col glasses, he had not been able to see the sun 2. The mark made by a blow; the cavity



View the asperities of the moon through a remaining after a violent pressure.

dioptrick glass, and venture at the proportion of He embrac'd ber naked body'o'er;

ber hills by their shadows.

Moore. And, straining hard the statue, was afraid

Dio'PTRICKS, n. s. A part of opticks, His hands had made a dint, and hurt the maid.


treating of the different refractions of 3. Violence; force ; power.

the light passing through different me. Now you weep; and, 1 perceive, you feel diums; as the air, water, glasses, &c. The dini of pity. Sbal speare's Julius Caser.

Harris. We are to wrest the whole Spanish monatchy DIORTHOʻsis. n. s. [drop wois, of die sous out of the hands of the enemy; and, in order to it, to work our way into the heart of his coun.

to make straight.) A chirurgicale try by dint of arms.


ration, by which crooked or disto te i The desvlast bull now chafes along the plain,

members are restored to their priiuitive While burning love ferments in ev'ry veini;

and regular shape.

fia is VOL. II.


TO DIP. v. a. pret. dippel; part. dipped, tion of two vowels to form one sound :

or dipt. [dippan, Sax. ; doopen, Dut.). as, vain, leave, Cæsar. 1. To immerge ; to put into any liquor. We see how many disputes the simple and

The person to be baptized may be dipped in ambiguous nature of vowels created among water; and such an immersion or dipping ought. grammarians, and how it has begot the mistake to be made thrice, according to the canon. concerning diperbongs : all that are properly so

Ayliffe's Parergon. are syllables, and not diphthongs, as is intended Old Corineus compass'd thrice the crew, to be signified by that word.

Holder. And dipped an olive-branch in holy dew,

Make a dipbthong of the second eta and ieta, Which thrice he sprinkled round, and thrice instead of their being two syllables, and the obo aloud

jection is gone.

Pop? . Invok'd the dead, and then dismiss'd the crowd, Di'ploe. n. s. The inner plate or la.

Dryder's Æneid,
He turn'd a tyrant in his latter days,

mina of the skull. And, from the bright meridian where he stood, DIPLOʻMA. n. s. [diriwma.) A letter or Descending, dipp's his hands in lover's blood. writing conferring some privilege ; so

Dryden. called, because they used formerly to The kindred arts shall in their praise conspire,

be written on waxed tables, and folded One dip the pencil, and one string the lyre.


Pope Dipper. n. s. [from dip.] One that Now, on fancy's easy wing convey'd, The king descended to th' Elysian shade; dips in the water. There in a dusky vale, where Lethe rolls, DIPPING Needle, n. s. A device which Old Bavius sits to dip poetic souls. Pope's Dunc.

shows a particular property of the So fishes, rising from the main, Can soar with moistend wings on high;

magnetic needle, so that, besides its The moisture dried, they sink again,

polarity or verticily, which is its direcAnd dip their wings again to fly. Swift. tion of altitude, or beight above the 2. To inoisten ; to wet.

horizon, when duly poised about an And though not mortal, yet a cold shudd'ring horizontal a is, it will always point to dew

a determined degree of altitude, or Dips me all o'er, as when the wrath of Jove

elevation above the horizon, in this or Speaks thunder.

Milton, 3. To be engaged in

that place respectively.


Di'PSAS. n. When men are once dipt, what with the en

s. (Latin, from difás, to couragements of sense, custom, facility, and thirst.] A serpent, whose bite pro. shame of departing from what they ha


duc the sensation of unquenchable themselves up to, they go on till they are stifled. thirst.

L'Estrange, Scorpion, and asp, and amphishæna dire, In Richard's time, 'I doubt, he was a little dipt

Cerastes horn'd, hydrus, and ellops drear, in the rebellion of the commons. Dryden.

And dipsas.

Milton 4. To engage as a pledge: generally used Di'PTOTE. n. so (dominico] A noun con. for the first mortgage. Be careful still of the main chance, my son;

sisting of two cases only. Clark. Put out the principal in trusty hands,

Di'PTYCH. n. s. [diptycha, Latin two Live on the use, and never dip thy lands. leaves folded together.] A register of

Dryden's Persius.

bishops ard martyrs. To Dip. vin.

The commemoration of saints was inade out 1. To sivk; to immerge.

of the diptychs of the church, as appears by mulWe have snakes in ou cups, and in our titudes of places in St. Austin. Stilling fieet. dishes; and whoever dips too deep will find death DIRE. adj. [dirus, Latin.] Dreadful;

L'Estrange. 2. To enter ; to pierce.

dismal; mournful; horrible ; terrible; The vulture dipping in Prometheus' side,

evil in a great degree.

Women fight,
His bloody beak with his torn liver dyed.

To doft their dire distresses.


More by intemperance die 3. To enter slightly into any thing.

In meats, and drinks, which on the earth shall When I think all the repetitions are struck

bring out in a copy, I sonetiines find more upon dip- Diseases dire; of which a monstrous crew pirg in the first volume. Pope. Before thee shall appear.

Milton. 4. To take that which comes first; to Hydras, and gorgons, and chimeras dire.

Milton, choose by chance. With what ill thoughts of Jove art thou pos

Or what the cross dire-looking planet smites, sess'd ?

Or hurttui worm wich canker'd venon bites. Wouldst thou prefer him to some man? Sup


Dire was the torsing, deep the groans, des; air pose

Tended the sick.

Milton. I dipp'd among the worst, and Staius chose?

Dryden's Persius.

Discord! dire sister of the slaughter'd pow'r,

Smali at her birth, but rising ev'iy lour; Di'PCHICK. n. s. [from dip and chick.] While scarce the skies her horrid liead can The name of a bird.

bound, Dipchick is so named of his diving and little- She stalks on earth, and shakes the world


DIPE'TALOUS. adj. [ås and cirador.] DIRE'CT, adj. (rtirectus, Latin.]
Having two flower leaves.

1. Straight ; not crooked. Di'PHTHONG, 14,89 [pfaA coalie 2. Not oblique,


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The ships would move in one and the same of itself, or of itself alter the direction of its mosurface; and consequently must needs encoun- tion.

Cbeginning ter when they either advance towards one an- 3. Order ; command; prescription. other in direct lines, or meet in the intersection From the counsel that St. Jerome giveth LEof cross lines.

Bentley. ta, of taking heed how she read the apocrypha; 3. (In astronomy.) Appearing to an as also by the help of other learned men's juuga eye on earth to move progressively

ments, delivered In like case, we may take din rection.

Hooker. through the zodiack; not retrograde.

Ev'n nov
Two geomantick figures were display'd
Above his head, a warrior and a maid,

I put myself to thy direction. Sbakspeare.
One when direct, and one when retrograde

The nobles of the people digged it by the die rection of the law-giver.

Numbers. Dryden's Fables.

Men's passions and God's direction seldom 4. Not collateral: as, the grandson suc


King Cbarles. ceeds his grandsire in a direct line.

General directions for scholastic disputers is, s. Apparently tending to some end, as in never to dispute upon mere trifles. Watts. a straight line.

4. Regularity; adjustment. Such was as then the state of the king, as it

All nature is but art unknown to thee ; was no time by direct means to seek her. And All chance, direction which thou canst not see. such was the state of his captivated will, as he

Popa would delay, no time of seeking her.

Sidney. DIRE'CTIVE. adj. (from direct.] He that does this, wil be able to cast oft all 1. Having the power of direction. that is superfluous; he will see what is perti- A law therefore, generally taken, is a dirernent, what coherent; what is direct to what tive rule unto goodness of operation. Hooker.

Locke. 6. Open ; not ambiguous.

A power of command there is without all

question, though there be some doubt in what There be, that are in nature faithful and faculty this command doth principally reside, sincere, and plain and direct, not crafty and in- whether in the will or the understanding. The volved.

Bacon, true resolution is, that the directive cominand

for counsel is in the understanding; and the applicative command, or empire, for putting in execution of what is directed, is in the will.

Bramball against Hobbes. On the directive powers of the former, and the regularity of the latter, whereby it is capable of direction, depends the generation of all bodies

Greux 2. Informing ; showing the way.

Nor visited by one directive ray,
From cottage streaming, or from airy hall.

DIRECTLY. adv. [from direct.]
1. In a straight line ; rectilineally.

The more a body is nearer to the eyes, and the more directly it is opposed to them, the more it is enlightened ; because the light languishes and lessens, the farther it removes from its proper source.

Dryder's Dufresnay. There was no other place assigned to any of this matter, than that whereunto its own gravity bore it, which was only directly down. wards, whereby it obtained that place in tho globe, which was just underneath. Woodwarda

If the refracted ray be retu: ned directly back Fob. to the point of incidence, it shall be retracted by

Newton's Opticks. 2. Immediately; apparently; without

circumlocution; without any long train of consequence.

Infidels, being clean without the church, deng guide directly, and utterly reject, the very principles

of christianity, which hereticks embrace, erroa neously by misconstruction.

Hooker. These men's opinions are not the product of

No man hath hitherto been so impious, as judgment, or the consequence of reason ; but

plainly and directly to condemn prayer. Hooker.

By asserting the scripture to be the canon of our faith, I have unavoidably created to myself enemies in the papists directly, because they have kepe the scripture from us what theycould.

Dryden's Preface to Religio Laici. His work directly tends to raise sentiments of honour and virtue in his readers. Addison.

No reason can be assigned, why it is best for

the world that God Almighty hath absolute of particles, that is, no body, can either move DIRE'CTNÉ S'S.

power, which doth, not directly prove that no mortal man should have the like. Swift.

[from direct.]

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7. Plain ; express

He no where, that I know, says it in direct

To Dire'cr. v. a. (dirigo, directum,

1. To aim or drive in a straight line.

Two eagles from a mountain's height,
By Jove's command, direct their rapid flight.

:. To point against, as a mark.

The spear flew hissing thro' the middle spáče,
And pierc'd his throat, directed at his face.

j. To regulate ; to adjust.
It is not in man that walketh to direct his

Wisdom is profitable to direct.

All that is in a man's power, is to mind what
the ideas are that take their turns in his under-
standing; or else to direct and sort and call in
such as he desires.

4. To prescribe certain measure ;

mark out a certain course.
He directetb it under the whole heavens, and
his lightning unto the ends of the earth.
3. To order; to command : to direct is a
softer term than to command.

[director, Latin.)
1. One that directs; one that prescribes.
2. An instrument that serves to

any manual operation. Direction, n. s. [directio, Latin.] 1. Aim at a certain point.


the incident ray.


without direction.

the effects of chatice and hazard, of a mind
funting at all adventures, without choice, and

The direction of good works to a gocd end,
is the only principle that distinguishes charity:

Smalridge. 2. Tendency of motion impresssed by a

No particle of matter, not any combination

certain impulse.



Straightness ; tendency to any point; Du'renESS. n. s. [from dire.) Dismaa the nearest way.

ness ; horrour; hideousness. They argued from celestial causes only, the Direness, familiar to my' slaught'rous thoughts, constant vicinity of the sun, and the directness Cannot once start me. Sbalspeare's Macbetb. of his rays; never suspecting that the body of Dire'PTION. n, s. [direplio, Latin.] The the earth had so great an efficiency in the changes act of plundering of the air.


. Dirge. [This is not a contraction of Dire'ctor. n. s. (director, Latin.]

the Latin dirige, in the - popish hymn 1. One that has authority over others; a

Dirige gressus meos, as some pretend; superintendent; one that has the ge

but from the Teutonic dyrke, laudare, neral management of a design or work.

to praise and extol. Whence it is pos. Himself stood director over them, with nod.

sible their dyrke, and our dirge, was a ding or stamping, shewing he did like or mislike those things he not understand.


laudatory song to commemorate and In all affairs thou sole director. Suijt. applaud the dead. Verstegan. Bacon 2. A rule; an ordinance,

apparently derives it from dirige.] A Common forms were not design'd

mournful ditty; a song of lamentation. Directors to a noble mind.

Suijt. Th' imperial jointress of this warlike state 3. An instructor; one who shows the Have we, as 'twere, with a defeated joy,

With mirth in funeral, and with dirge in mar. proper methods of proceeding.

riage, They are glad to use counsellors and directors

In equal scale weighing delight and dole, in all their dealings of weight, as contracts, tes- Taken to wife. Hooker.

Sbakspeare's Ham!..

Meanwhile the body of Richard, after many 4. One who is consulted in cases of con- indignities and reproaches, the diriges and obsescience.

quies of the common people towards tyrants, I am her director and her guide in spiritual was obscurely buried.

Baces. affairs.


You from above shall hear each day 5. One appointed to transact the affairs One dirge dispatch'd unto your clay; of a trading company.

These your own anthems shall become,
Your lasting epicedium.

Sandy.. What made directors chcat in south-sea year.

All due measures of her mourning keps, Pope.

Did office at the dirge, and by infection wept. 6. An instrument in surgery, by which

Dryas. the hand is guided in its operation. Dirigent. adj. (dirigens, Latin.] The manner of opening with a knife, is by

The dirigent line in geometry is that along sliding it on a director, the groove of which pre- which the line describent is carried, in the gena• vents its being misguided. Sbarp's Surgery ration of any figure.

Harris Directory.n. s. [from director.] The DIRK. K. s. [an Erse word.} A kind buok which the factious preachers

of dagger used in the Highlands of published in the rebellion for the di.

Scotland. rection of their sect in acts of worship. In vain thy hungry mountaineers

As to the ordinance concerning the directory, Come forth in all their warlike geers, we cannot consent to the taking away of the The shield, the pistol, dirk, and dagger, book of common prayer.

In which they daily wont to swagger.

Tickle Oxford Reasons against the Gov.

To DIRKE. V.2. To spoil; to ruin. ObDIRE'FUL. adj. (This word is frequent solete.

among the poets, but has been cen- Thy waste bigness but cumbers the ground, sured as not analogical : all other words And dirkes the beauties of my blossoms round. compounded with full consisting of a

Spenser. substantive and füll: as, dreadful, or DIRT. n. s. [dryt, Dutch; dirt, Islanfull of dread ; joyful, or full of joy.)

dick.) Dire; dreadful; dismal.

1. Mud; filth; mire; any thing that Point of spear it never piercen would,

sticks to the clothes or body. Ne dint of direful sword divide the substance They, gilding dirt in noble verse, could.

Fairy Queen. . Rustick philosophy rehearse. Denbank But yet at last, whereas the direful fiend Numbers engage their lives and labours to She saw not stir, off shaking vain aftright, heap cogether a little dirt that shall bury them She nigher drew, and saw that joyous end; in the end.

Wake. Then God she pray'd, and thank'd her faithful The sea rises as high as ever, though the great knight.

Fairy Queen. heaps of dirt it brings along with it are apt to Direful hap beride that hated wretch

choak up the shallows.

Addison. That makes us wretched by the death of thee. Mark' by what wretched steps their glory


grows; The voice of God himself speaks in the heart From dirt and sea-weed as proud Venice rose; of men, whether they understand it or no; and In each how guilt and greatness equal ran, by secret intimations gives the sinner a foretaste And all that rais'd the hero sunk the man. of that diropul cup, which he is like to drink

Pols. more deeply of hereafter.

South. Is yellow dirt the passion of thy life? I curs d the direful author of my woes: Look but on Gripus, or on Gripus' wife. Poff. 'Twas told again, and thence my ruin rose.

2. Meanness; sordidness. Achilles' wrath, to Greeks the direful spring

Dryden. To Dirt. v. a. (from the noun.) To Of woe: unnu aber'd, i.eavenly goddess! sing. foul ; to bemire; to make filthy; to

Popot bedaub; to soil, to pollute; to nasty.

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M company is like a dog, who dirts those for an inheritance; and the defendant pieads, most whom he loves best.

Sevift. in disability, that the plaintiff is a bastard. DIRT-PIE. 1. s. [dirt and pie.) Forms

Ayliffe's Parerger. moulded by children of clay, in imita

This disadvantage, which the dissenters at tion of pastry:

present lie under, of a disability to receive

church preferments, will be easily remedied by Thou settest thy heart upon that which has

the repeal of the test.

Swifh newly left off making of dirt-pies, and is but pre

Suckling. paring itself for a green-sickness.

To DisA'BLE, V. a. (dis and able.] DI'RTILY. adv. [from dirty. ]

1. To deprive of force; to weaken ; to 1. Nastily; foully ; filthily.

disqualify for any act.

The invasion and rebellion did not only disa 2. Meanly ; sordidly; shamefully,

able this king to be a conqueror, but deprived Such gold as that wherewithal

him both of his kingdom and life. Davies, Chimiques from each mineral

Nor so is overcome Are dirtily and desperately gullid.


Satan, whose fall from heaven, a deadlier bruise Di'RTINESS. n. s. [from dirty.]

Disabled not to give thee thy death's wound. 1. Nastiness ; filthiness; foulness.

Milton. 2. Meanness; baseness ; sordidness.

A christian's life is a perpetual exercise, a Di'rty. adj. (from dirt.]

wrestling and warfare, for which seasual pleasure 1. Foul; nasty ; filthy.

disables him, by yielding to that enemy, with

whom he must strive. Thy Dol and Helen of thy noble thoughts

Taylor's Holy Living, Is in base durance, and contagious prison,

2. To hivder from action : used of things. Haul'd thither by mechanic, dirty hand. Sbaksp.

I have known a great fieet disabled for two 2. Sullied; cloudy; not elegant.

months, and thereby lose great accasions by an Pound an almond, and the clear white colour

indisposition of the admiral.

Temple. will be altered into a dirty one, and the sweet

3. To impair ; to diminish. taste into an oily one.


I have disabled mine estate,

By shewing something a more swelling port 3. Mean; base; despicable.

Than my faint means would grant continuance. Such employments are the diseases of labour, and the rust of time, which it contracts not by

Shakspeare. lying still, but by dirty employment. Taylor.

4. To deprive of usefulness or efficacy: Marriages would be made up upon more na

Farewel, Monsieur Traveller; look you lisp, taral motives than mere dirty interests, and in

and wear strange suits ; disable all the benefits of crease of riches without measure or end. Temple.

your own country.

Sbakspeare. They come at length to grow sots and epi

Your days I will alarm, I'll haunt your nights, cures, mean in their discourses, and dirty in

And worse than age disable your delights, their practices. Soutb.

Dryden. To Dirty. v.a. [from the noun.] :

s. To exclude, as wanting proper quali

fications. 1. To foul; to soil. The lords Strutts lived generously, and never

I will not disable any for proving a scholar,

nor yer dissemble that I have seen many happily used to dirty their fingers with pen, ink, and

forced upon the course to which by nature they Arbuthnet. seemed much indisposed.

Wotton. :. To disgrace; to scandalize.

To DISABU'SE, v.a. [dis and abuse.] To DIRU'PTION. I n. s. [diruptio, Latin.] set free from a mistake; to disentangle 1. The act of bursting, or breaking. from a fallacy; to set right; to unde2. The state of bursting, or breaking. ceive. Dis. An inseparable particle used in com- The imposture and fallacy of our senses im

position, implying commonly a priva. pose not only on common heads, but even more iive or negative signification of the word

retined mercuries, who have the advantages of an to which it is joined : as, to arm, to

improved reason to disabuse you. Glanv. Scepsis.

Those teeth fair Lyce must not show, disarm; to join, to disjoin. It is bor. If she would bite : her lovers, though rowed from des, used by the French Like birds they stoop at seeming grapes, and Spaniards in this sense: as, desnouer, Are disabus'd when first she gapes.

Waller. to untie; desterrar, to banish: from the If by simplicity you meant a general defect in Latin de; as, struo, to build ; destruo,

those that profess angling, I hope to disabuse you.

Walton's Anglor. to destroy.

Chaos of thought and passion, all confus'd; DISABI’LITY. n. s. [from disahle.]

Still by himself abus'd or disabus’d. Pope. 1. Want of power to do any thing; weak. DisaCCOMMODATION.n. s. [dis and acness; impotence.

commodation.] The state of being unfit Our consideration of creatures, and attention

or unprepared. unto scriptures, are not in themselves things of Devastations have happened in some places like disability to breed or beget faith. Hooker.

more than in others, according to the accomMany withdrew themselves out of pure fainte mcdation or disaccommodation of them to such ness, and disability to attend the conclusion. calamities. Hale's Origin of Mankind.

Raleigh. He that knows most of himself, knows least

To Disaccu'stom. v.a. [dis and accusof his knowledge, and the exercised understand- tom.] To destroy the force of habit by ing is conscious of its disability.

Glanville. disuse or contrary practice. The ability of mankind does not lie in the TO DISACKNO'WLEDGE. v. a. [dis and impotency or disabilities of brutes. Locke.

acknowledge.) Not to acknowledge. 2. Want of proper qualifications for any The manner of denying Christ's deity here purpose ; legal impediment.

prohibited, was, by words and oral expressions A suit is commenced in a temporal court verbally to deny and disacknowledge it.


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