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1o DISA'NIMATE. U. a. [dis and ani.
DISAGREE’ABLENESS. th. s. [from dise To DISANNU'L. v. a. [dis and annul. agreeable.]
This word is formed, contrarily to ana1. Dusuitableness; contrariety.
logy, by those who, not knowing the 2. Unpleasantness; offensiveness.
meaning of the word annul, iutended to A father will hug and embrace his beloved form a negative sense by the needless son, for all the dirt and foulness of his cloaths; use of the negative particle. It ought the dearness of the person easily apologizing for therefore to be rejected, as ungrammathe disagreeableness of the habit. South.
tical and barbarous.] To annul; to DISAGREEMENT. n. s. [from disagree.] 1. Difference; dissimilitude; diversity ;
deprive of authority; to vacate ; to
make null; to make void ; to nnllify. not identity; not likeness.
The Jews ordinances for us to resume, were to These carry such plain and evident notes and
check our Lord himself, which hath disar.nulled characters, either of disagreement or affinity with
Hooler. cne another, that the several kinds of them are easily distinguished.
That gave him power of disannulling of law's,
Woodward. 2. Difference of opinion ; contrariety of
and disposing of men's fortunes and estates, and
the like points of absolute power, being in them. sentiments.
selves harsh and odious.
Bacon. They seemed one to cross another, as touching
To be in both worlds full, their several opinions about the necessity of sa Is more than God was, who was hungry here: craments, whereas in truth their disagreement is Wouldst thou his laws of fasting disannul? Hooker.
Herbert. To Disallo'w. v. a. (dis and allow.] Wilt thou my judgments disannul? Defame 1. To deny authority to any.
My equal rule, to clear thyself of blame? Sandys.
Dis ANNU'LMENT. n. s. [from disanriuk.)
To DISAPPE’AR. v. n. (disparoitre, Fr.)
Dryden. 2. To consider as unlawful; not to per
To be lost to view ; to vanish out of mit.
figIt; to fly; to go away, Their usual kind of disputing sheweth, that
She disappear'd, and left me dark! I wak'd
To find her, or for ever to deplore. Miltoni. they do not disallow only these Romish ceremonies which are unprofitable, but count all
When the night and winter disappear,
The purple morning, rising with the year,
The pictures drawn in our minds are laid in who professed his own principles, publickly dis
fading colours, and, if not sometimes refreshed, vanish and disappear.
Criticks I saw that others names deface, 4. To censure; not to justify.
And fix their own with labour in their place;. There is a secret; inward foreboding fear, that
Their own, like orhers, soon their place resign'd, some evil or other will follow the doing of that
Or disappear'd, and left the first behind. Pope. which a man's own conscience disallorus him in. To DISAPPOʻInt. v.a. [dis and apppini.) To Disallow, win. To refuse per.
1. To defeat of expectation ; to balk; to mission; not to grant; not to make or
hinder from something expected. suppose lawful.
The superior Being can defeat all his designs, God doth in converts, being married, allow
and disappoint all his hopes.
Tillotson. continuance with infidels, and yet disallow that
Whilst the champion, with redoubled might, the faithful, when they are free, should enter
Strikes home the jav’lin, his retiring foe
Shrinks from the wound, and disappoints the Hookir, blow.
Addison. DISALLO'WABLE. adj. (from disallow.]
There's nothing like surprising the rogues: Not allowable; not to be suffered.
how will they be disappointed, when they hear that thou hast prevented their reveage! Arbuib.
We are not only tortured by the reproaches God accepts of a thing suitable for him to re
which are offered iis, but are disappointed by the ceive, and for us to give, where he does not de
silence of men when it is unexpected, and humbled even by their praises.
2. It has of before the thing lost by dischor.) To drive a ship from its anchor.
The Janizaries, disappointed by the bassas of the spoil, received of the bounty of Solyman a great largess.
Knuites. DISAPPOINTMENT, 11. s[from disapto deject; to depress.
point.] Defeat of hopes; miscarriage of expectations.
It is impossible for us to know what are calaShakspeare.
mities, and what are blessings. How many accidents have passed for misfortunes, which have
turned to tiie welture and prosperity of the per. Boyle,
sons in whose lot they have fallen! How many diszipoistinents have, in their consequentes, saved a nan from ruin!
Speciütor, If we hope for things, of which we have not thoroughly considered the value, cur disappoint
mrent will be greater than our pleasure in the Brown, fruition of theni.
allowed his proceedings.
into bonds of wedlock with such.
DISALLO'WANCE. n. s. [from disallow.]
dare his refusal and disallowance of it.
The presence of a king engenders love amongst
He was confounded and disanimated at his pre-
kord talk with my lord? DISANIMATION. #, s. (from disani maie.] Privation of jife.
They cannot in reason retain that apprehension after death, as being affections which depend on life, and depart upon disarimatjon.
DISAPPROBAʼTION. n. s. [dis and ap. Some dire disaster, or by force or slight; probation.] Censure ; condemnation ;
But what, or where, the fates have wrapt in night
Pope. expression of dislike.
He was obliged to publish his letters, to shew To DISA'STER. V.2. [from the noun.) his disapprobation of the publishing of others. 1. To blast by the stroke of an unfavour
able star. TO DISAPPROʻve. v. a. [desapprouver,
Ah, chaste bed of mine, sajd she, which never French.)
heretofore couldst accuse me of one defiled 1. To dislike ; to censure.
thought, how canst thou now receive that dis-
2. To afilict; to mischief.
These are the holes where eyes should be, Without good breeding truth is disapprov'd;
which pitifully disaster the cheeks. Sbakspeare. That only makes superior sense belov'd. Pope.
In his own fields, the swain
DISA'STROUS, adj. (from disaster.] A project for a treaty of barrier with the States
1. Unlucky; not fortunate. was transmitted bither from Holland, and was
That seemeth a most disastrous day to the disapproved of by our courts.
Scots, not only in regard of this overthrow, but Di'sARD. n. s. idisi, disy, Saxon, a fool,
for that upon the same day they were defeated
by the English at Floodenfield. Skinner ; diseur, French, Junius.] A
2. Gloomy; threatening misfortune. prattler ; a boasting talker. This word is inserted both by Skinner and Junius; In dim eclipse, disastrous twilight sheds but I do not remember it.
On half the nations.
Milton. To DISA'RM. v. a. [desarmer, French.) 3. Unhappy ; calamitous į miserable ; 1. To spoil or divest of arms; to deprive struck with affliction. of arms.
Then Juno, pitying her disastrous fate, An order was made by both houses, for dis Sends Iris down, her pangs to mitigate. arming all the papists in England. Clarendon,
Immediately after his return from this very
family, that he burnt two of his children himself. To save the town, than arming you before.
Dryden. great magazine of artillery.
Locke. DISA'STROUSLY. adv. (from disastrous.] TO DISARRA'Y. v. a. [dis and array.)
In a disinal manner. To undress any one; to divest of Disa'STROUSNESS. n. s. (from disas. clothes.
trous.] Unluckiness; unfortunateness. So, as she bad, the witch they disarray'd.
Spenser. Thereupon they flatly disavouch
To yield him more obedience or support. 3. Disorder; confusion ; loss of the re
Daniel. gular order of battle.
To Disavo'w. v. a. [dis and avow.] He returned towards the river, to prevent
To disown; to deny knowledge of; to such danger as the disarray, occasioned by the deny concurrence in any thing, or with narrowness of the bridge, might cast upon them. any person.
Hayward. The heirs and posterity of them which yielded Disarray and shameful rout ensue,
the same, are either ignorant thereof, or do wilAnd force is added to the fainting crew. Dryden. fully deny, or stedfastly disavow it.
Spenser 2. Undress.
The English did believe his name was therein DISASSIDU'ITY. 1. si Absence of care abused; which he manifested to be true, by disa or attention.
avowing it openly afterwards. Hayward. The Cecilians kept him back; as very well
To deal in person is good, when a man's face knowing that, upon every little absence or dis
breedeth regard, and generally when a man will assiduity, he should be subject to take cold at his rescrve to himself liberty either to disavow or back.
A man that acts below his rank, doth but dis
evow fortune, and seemeth to be conscious of 1. The blast or stroke of an unfavour.
his own want in worth, and doth but teach others able planet.
to envy him.
Bacon. Stars shone with trains of fire, dews of blood He only does his conquest disavow,
And thinks too little what they found too much. Disasters veil'd the sun; and the moist star,
Dryden. Upon whose influence Neptune's empire stands,
We are reminded by the ceremony of taking Was sick almost to doomsday with eclipse. an oath, that it is a part of that obedience which
Sbakspeare. we learn from the gospel, expressly to disavow 2. Misfortune ; grief ; mishap; misery ; all evasions and mental reservations whatsoever. calamity.
Addison's Freebolder. This day black omens threat the brightest fair
DISAVOʻWAL. K. s. [from disavow.] That e'er deserv'd a watchful spirit's care; Denial,
Then shalt thou be my rock and tower.
Our belief or disbelief of a thing does not alter
The thinking it impossible his sins should be DISBU'RSEMENT. n. s. (deboursement,
being the disbelieving of an eternal truth of
The queen's treasure, in so great occasions
An earnest disavowel of fear often proceeds Such who profess to disbelieve a future state,
Clarissa. are not always equally satisfied with their owa
From a fondness to some vices, which the doc-
trine of futurity rendered uneasy, they brought
themselves to doubt of religion; or, out of a
vain affectation of seeing farther than other men,
Disbeliever. n. s. (from disbelieve. )
One who refuses belief; one who de.
nies any position to be true.
An humble soul is frighted into sentiments,
because a man of great name pronounces heresy grounded upon the final intention of nature.
upou the contrary sentiments, and casts the disa
To Disbe'xCH. v. a. [dis and bencb.
To drive from a seat. break up an army ; to dismiss soldiers
Sir, I hope
My words disbench'd you not?
When blows have made me stay, I fled froma
To separate, or break off, as a branch
from a tree.
Ad lison's Cuto.
She that herself will sliver and disbranch 2. To spread abroad ; to scatter.
From her maternal sap, perforce must wither,
And come to deadly use. Sbaksp: King Lear.
Such as are newly planted need not be disa
brancbed till the sap begins to stir, that so the all disbanded again, and annihilated. Woodeward.
wound may be healed without the scar. To DISBA'ND. V.m.
Evelyn's Kalendar. 1. To retire from military service; to se
TO DISBU'D. v.a. [With gardeners. ] TO parate ; to break up.
take away the branches or sprigs newly
put forth, that are ill placed. Dict.
1. To ease of a burden ; to unload.
The river, with ten branches or streams, dis
Milton. burdens himself within the Persian sea.
Peacbam on Drawing.
Disburden'd heav'n rejoic'd.
2. To disencuinber, discharge, or clear.
They removed either by casualty and tempest, mankind, human society would in a short space
or by intention and design; either out of lucre disband and run into confusion, and the earth
of goid, or for the disburdening of the countries would grow wild and become a forest. Tillotson.
surcharged with multitudes of inhabitants. 2. To be dissolved.
Hale's Origin of Mankind.
We shall disburden the piece of those hard
shadowings, which are always ungraceful.
I be plunged
Herbert. Into my life's bondage, I yet may disburden a
Lucia, disburden all thy cares on me,
And let me share thy most retir'd distress.
TO DISBU’rden.v.n. To ease the mind.
TO DISBUʻRSE. v. a. [debourser, Fr.]
Fairfax. To spend or lay out money.
Money is not disbursed at once, but drawn into
a long length, by sending over now twenty thou-
Till he disburs'd ten thousand dollars. Sbaksp.
As Alexander received great sums, he was no
Arbuthnot on Coins.
fusal of credit ; denial of belief.
the nature of the thing.
To DisBEli’eve. v.a. [dis and believe.]
Not to credit ; not to hold true.
Hammond's Practical Catecbisz.
plentiful, as it can spare so great a sum tangen 3. To distinguish.
To discern such buds as are fit to produce 2. Sum spent.
blossoms, from such as will display themselves DISBU'RSER. 17. 5. (from disburse.] One but in leaves, is no difficult matter. Boyle. that disburses.
4. To make the difference between.
To-morrow vice, if she give better pay;
We are so good, or bad, just at a price;
For nothing else discerns the virtue or vice.
Ben Jonson. The custom of discalceation, or putting off To DISCE'RN. v. n. their shoes, at meals, is conceived to have been
1. To make distinction. done, as by that means keeping their beds clean.
Great part of the country was abandoned to Brozon's Vulgar Errours.
the spoils of the soldiers, who not troubling To DISCA'NDY. V. n. [dis and candy. ] themselves to discern between a subject and a To dissolve; to melt. Hanmer. rebel, whilst their liberty lasted, made indiffer 'The hearts rently profit of both.
Hayward. That spaniel'd me at heels, to whom I gave
The custom of arguing on any side, even Their wishes, do discandy, melt their
sweets against our persuasions, dims the understanding, On blossoming Cæsar.
and makes it by degrees lose the faculty of disa TO DISCAʻRD. V. a. [dis and carit.] cerning between truth and falsehood. Locke. 1. To throw out of the hand such cards 2. To have judicial cognizance. Not in
as are useless.
It discerneth of forces, frauds, crimes various of
stellionate, and the incohations :owards crimes employment.
capital, not actually perpetrated. Bacon. These men being certainly jewels to a wise
Disc E'RNER. n. s. [from discern.]
1. Discoverer; he that descries.
"Twas said they saw but one; and no disTheir captains, if they list, discard whom they please, and send away such as will perhaps will
Durst wag his tongue in censure. Sbakspeare. ingly be rid of that dangerous and hard service. 2. Judge ; one that has the power of dis
Spenser's State of Ireland. tinguishing. Should we own that we have a very imperfect He was a great observer and discerner of idea of substance, would it not be hard to charge men's natures and humours, and was very dex: us with discarding substance out of the world? terous in compliance, where he found it useful. Locke.
Clarendor, Justice discards party, friendship, kindred, and How unequal discerners of truth they are, and is always therefore represented as blind.
easily exposed unto errour, will appear by their Addison's Guardian. unqualified intellectuals. Brown's Vil. Err. They blame the favourites, and think it no DISCE'RNIBLE. adj.
[from discern.) thing extraordinary that the queen should be at an end of her patience, and resolve to discard
Discoverable; perceptible; distinguishthem.'
able ; apparent.
It is indeed a sin of so gross, so formidable a who neither expect nor desire more than a quiet
bulli, that there needs no help of opticks to life, should be charged with endeavouring to in
render it discernible, and therefore I need not fartroduce popery.
ther expatiate on it. Government of the Tongue. DISCA'RNATE. adj. [dis and caro, flesh;
All this is easily discernible by the ordinary discourses of the understanding,
South, scarnato, Ital.] Stripped of flesh. DISCE'RNIBLENESS, n. s. [from discer
"Tis better to own a judgment, though but with a curta suppellex of coherent notions than
nible.] Visibleness. a memory like a sepulchre, furnished with a load
DISCERNIBLY, adu. [from discernible.] of broken and discarnate bones. Glanville.
Consider what doctrines are infused discernibly strip; to undress.
among christians, most apt to obstruct or inter, Fetch me the hat and rapier in
rupt the christian life.
DISCE'RNING. part. adj. [from dištern.]
This hath been maintained not only by warm 1. To descry; to see; to discover.
enthusiasts, but by cooler and more discerning And behold among the simple ones, I dis heads.
Atterbury. cerned among the youths a young man void of DisceľRNINGLY. adv. [from discerning.) understanding.
Proverbs. 2. To judge; to have knowledge of by
Judiciously; rationally; acutely.
These two errours Ovid has most discerningly comparison:
Does any here know me? This is not Lear:
A reader that wants discernment, loves and
admires the characters and actions of men in a his eyes? Either his motion weakens, or his disccrrings
wrong place. Are lethargied.
TO DISCERP, v.a. (discorpo, Lac.] To You should be xul'd and led
tear in pieces; to break; to destroy by By some discretion, that discerns your state
separation of its parts.
Dict. Better than you yourself, Shaksp. King Lear, Dışce'RPTIBLE, adj, [from discerp.]
disunion of parts.
Frangible; separable ; liable to be die of his duty, there would be no place left for the stroyed by the disunion of its parts.
coinmon offices of society.
L'Estrange. What is most dense, and least porous, will be
When they have taken a degree, and are conmost coherent and least disçerptible. Glansille.
sequently grown a burden to their friends, who Matter is moveable, this immoveable; matter
now think themselves fully discharged, they get disple, this indiscerptible. Mcre.
into orders as soon as they can. Swift. DISCER PTIBILITY. x. s. [from discerp- 9. To clear from an accusation or crime; tible.] Liableness to be destroyed by
to absolve: with of.
They wanted not reasons to be discharged of
all blame, who are confessod to have no great DISCERPTION. n. s. [from discerp.] The
fault, even by their very word and testimony, act of pulling to pieces, or destroying in whese eres no fruit of ours hath ever hitherto by disgniting the parts.
been esteemed to be small.
Hooket. T. DISCHARGE,' v. a. (décharger, They are imprudent enough to discharge themFrench.
selves of this blunder, by laying the contradiction at Virgil's door.
Drydet 1. To disburden; to exonerate; to free
10. To perform ; to execute.
Had I a hundred tongues, a wit so large
As could their hundred offices discharge.
Dryden's Fables. Disebargd of business, void of strife! Dryden. 2. To unload ; to disembark.
11. To put away ; to obliterate; to deI will convey them by sea in floats, unto the
stroy. place that thou shalt appoint me, and will cause
It is done by little and little, and with many them to be disebarged
Bacon's Natural History. 3. To throw off any thing collected or Trial would also be made in her bs poisonous
accumulated; to give veni to any thing; and purgative, whose ill quality perhaps may be to let fly. It is used of any thing vio disibarged, or attempered, by setting stronger lent or sudden.
poisons or purgatives by them.
Bacon. Mounting his eyes,
12. To divest of any office or employH: did disebarge a horrible oath. Sbakspeare. ment; to dismiss from service : as, he
discharged his steward; the soldier was Sbakspeare's Macbeth.
discharged. Ner were those blust'ring brethren left at
13. To dismiss; to release; to send
away from any business or appointment. On seas and shores their fury to discharge.
Discharge your pow'rs unto their several couu
Dryden's Ovid. ties.
When Cæsar would have discharged the senate, Soon may your sire discharge the vengeance
in regard of a dream of Calphurnia, this man And all your wrongs the proud oppressors rue.
told him, he hoped he would not dismiss the
senatę till his wife had dreamed a better dream. Pope's Odyssey:
Bacon. Discharge thy shafts; this ready bosom rend. 14. To emit.
The matter being suppurated, I opened an in
flamed tubercle in the great angle of the left A conceit runneth abroad, that there should be a white powder, which will discharge a piece
eye, and discharged a well-concocted matter.
Wiseman's Surgery. The galleys also did oftentimes, out of their
Bacon. To DISCHA'RGE, V. n. To dismiss itprow's, discharge their great pieces against the
self; to break up.
The cloud, if it were oily or fatty, would not We disebarged a pistol, and had the sound DISCHARGE. n. s. (from the verb.]
Bacon's Natural History. returned upon us fifty-six times, though the air
Addison on Italy.
1. Vent; explosion; emission, S.
As the heat of all springs is owing to subter.
raneous tire, so wherever there are any extraorSbakspeare.
dinary discharges of this fire, there also are the neighbouring springs hotter than ordinary.
Woodward. 2. Matter vented. Dryden's Ftvenal.
Tne hæmorrhage boing stopped, the next oce currence is a thin serous disobarge.
Sharp commodities will pay for, we contract debris ber 3. Disruption ; evanescence.
Mark' the discharge of the little cloud upon
glass or gems, or blades of swords, and you shall Locke. see it ever break up first in the skirts, and last in the middle.
Bacon's Natural History: 4. Dismission from an oflice : as, the go
vernour solicited his discharge.
From penalty, because from death releas'd
Milton. 6. Absolution from a crime.
The fexo expresses the sound estate of the
4. To let off a gun.
Now to the horrors of that uncouth place
they will not take ou goods to discharge them, 6. To send away a creditor by payment.
If he had
A grateful mind
Fone man's faule could discharge another man
Indebted and disebargd.