Bishop Ferne.

conscience, not barely by its not accusing, but only perception, phantasy, and memory, con-
by its not condemning us; which word imports mon to most if not all animals, but something
properly an acquaintance or discbarge of a man of sagacity, providence, and disciplinableness.
upon some precedent accusation, and a full trial

and cognizance of his cause.

Soutb. DISCIPLINA’Rian. adj. (from discipline.] 7. Ransom ; price of ransom.

Pertaining to discipline. 0, all my hopes defeated

What eagerness in disciplinarian uncertainTo free him hence! But death, who sets all ties, when the love of God and our neighbour, free,

evangelical unquestionables, are neglected! Hath paid his ransom now and full discharge.

Glanville's Scepsis. Miltor. DisciplinA’RIAN. 1. 6. (disciplina, La3. Performance ; execution.

The obligations of hospitality and protection

1. One who rules or teaches with great
are sacred ; nothing can absolve us from the dis-
cbarge of those duties.


strictness; one who allows no deviation 9. An acquittance from a debt.

from stated rules. 30. Exemption ; privilege.

2. A follower of the presbyterian sect, so There is no discharge in that war, neither called from their perpetual çlamour shall wickedness deliver those that are given to about discipline.


They draw those that dissent into dislike with
DrscHARGER. n. s. [from disckarge.] the state, as puritans, or disciplinarians.
3. He that discharges in any manner.

Sanders. Pax. Ecd.
2. He'that fires a gun.'

Di'SCIPLINARY. adj. [disciplina, Latin.]
To abate the bombilation of gunpowder, a 1. Pertaining to discipline.
way is promised by Porta, by borax and butter, 2. Relating to government.
which he says will make it so go off, as scarcely Those canons in behalf of marriage were only
to be heard by the discharger. .

Disci'nct. adj. [discinctus, Latin.] Un-

disciplinary, grounded on prudential motives,
girded ; loosely dressed.

To Disci'nd. v. a. [discindo, Latin.)

3. Relating to a regular course of edu

To divide; to cut in pieces.

These are the studies, wherein our noble and
We found several concretions so soft, that

gentle youth ought to bestow their time in a
we could easily discind them betwixt our tingers. disciplinary way.


. . DISCIPLINE. 1. s. (disciplina, Latin.]
DISCIPLE. n. s. [discipulus, Latin ] A

1. Education ; instruction ; the act of scholar; one that professes to receive

cultivating the mind; the act of form-
instructions from anotiser.

ing the manners.
He rebuked disciples who would call for fire He had charge my discipline to frame,
from heaven upon whole cities, for the neglect And tutors nouriture to oversee.
or a few.
King Charles.


The cold of the northern parts is that which,
The commemorating the death of Christ, is
the professing ourselves the disciples of the cru-

without aid of discipline, doth make the bodies
hardest, and the courage warmest.

cified Saviour; and that engageih us to take up
bis cross-and follow him.


They who want that sense of discipline, hear-
A young disciple should behave himself so

ing, are also by consequence deprived of speech.

Well, as to gain the affection and the ear of his


It is by the assistance of the eye and the ear
To Disci'PLE. V. a. (from the noun.]

especially, which are called the senses of discia

pline, that our minds are furnished with various 3. To train; to bring up.

parts of knowledge.

He did look far

2. Rule of government; order ; method
Into the service of the time, and was

of government. Disciples of the bravest.

They hold, that from the very apostles time 2. To punish ; to discipline. This word

till this present age, wherein yourselves imagine is not in use.

ye have found out a right pattern of sound dass
She, bitter penance! with an iron whip

çipline, there never was any time safe to be fol-
Was wont him to disciple every day. Spenser. lowed.
DISCIPLESHIP. n. 5. (trom disciple.]

As we are to believe for ever the articles of
The state or function of a disciple, or

evangelical doctrine, so the precepts of discipline
follower of a master.

we are, in like sort, bound for ever to observe.

That to which justification is promised, is the

While we do admire
giving up of the whole soul intirely unto Christ, This virtue and this moral discipline,
undertaking discipleship upon Christ's terms. Let's be no stoicks.
Hammoni's Practical Catechism.


3. Military regulation. DiscipLI'NABLE. adj. disciplinabilis, This

opens all your victories in Scotland, Latin ) Capable of instruction; capa Your discipline in war, wisdom in peace. Shaks. ble of improvement by discipline and

Let crooked steel invade

The lawless troops which discipline disclaim,
DiscíPLI'NABLENESS. n. s. [from dis.

And their superfluous growth with rigour tame.

ciplinable. Capacity of instruction; 4. A state of subjection.
qualification for iinprovement by edu. The most perfect, who have their passions in
cation and discipline.

the best discipline, are yet obliged to be con-
We find in animals, especially some of them,

stantly on their guard.

Regeri. as foxes, dogs, apes, horses, and elephants, noć 5. Any thing taught; art; science.

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Art may be said to overcome and advance 11 layeth her eggs under sand, where the heat of ture in these mechanical disciplines, which, in the sun disclosetb them.

Baton. this respect, are much to be preferred. Wilkins. 3. To reveal ; to tell; to impart what is 6. Punishment; chastisement; correction,

There may be a reconciliation, except for A lively cobler kicked and spurred while his upbraiding, or pride, or disclosing of secrets, or wife was carrying him, and had scarce passed a a treacherous wound; for from these things day without giving her the discipline of the strap. every friend will depart.

Ecclus. Addison's Spectator.

If I disclose my passion, 7. External mortification.

Our friendship's at an end; if I conceal it, The love of God makes a man chaste without

The world will call me false. Addison's Cato. the laborious arts of fasting and exterior disci- Disclo'sER. 1. s. [from disclose.) One pline; he reaches af glory without iny other that reveals or discovers. arms but those o love.

Taylor. Disclo'sure. n. s. [from disclose.) To Di'SCIPLINE. v. a. [from the noun.] 1. Discovery; production into view. 1. To educate ; to instruct; to bring up. The producing of cold is a thing very worthy

We are wise enough to begin when they are the inquisition, both for the use, and disclosure very young, and discipline by times, those other

of causes.

Bacon. creatures we would make useful and good for 2. Act of revealing any thing secret. somewhat.

Locke. After so happy a marriage between the king They were with care prepared and disciplined and her daughter, she was, upon a sudden mutafor confirmation, which they could not arrive at bility and disclosure of the king's mind, severely till they were found, upon examination, to have handleit.

Bacon made a sufficient progress in the knowledge of DISCLUSION. 11. s. [disclusus, Latin.)

Addison on tbe Cbrisi. Religion. Emission. 2. To regulate; to keep in order.

Judge what a ridiculous thing it were, that They look to us, as we should judge of an the continued shadow of the earth should be army of well disciplined soldiers at a distance. broken by sudden miraculous eruptions and Derbam's Astro-Theology.

disclusions of light, to prevent the art of the 3. To punish; to correct; to chastise.


More. 4. To advance by instruction.

DISCOLORA'TION. n. s. [from discolour.)
The law appear'd imperfect, and but giv'n 1. The act of changing the colour; the
With purpose to resign them in full time act of staining
Up to a better covenant, disciplin’d
From shadowy types to truth, from flesh to

2. Change of colour ; stain; die.

in a depravation of the humours from a sound Milton.

state to what the physicians call by a general To DISCLA’IM. v. a. [dis and claim.)

name of a cacochymy, spots and discolorations of To disown; to deny any knowledge Ti DISCOʻLOUR. v. a. (decoloro, Lat.]

Arbutbreat. of; to retract any union with; to abrogate; to renounce.

To change from the natural hue; to You cowardly rascal! nature disclaims all

share in thee; á taylor made thee. Sbakspeare.

Many a widow's husband groveling lies,
He calls the gods to witness their offence;

Coldly embracing the discolour'd earth. Shaksp.
Dirclaims the war, asserts his innocence. Dryd.

Drink water, either pure, or but discoloured We find our Lord, on all occasions, disclaim

with mait.

Temple ing all pretensions to a temporal kingdom.

Suspicions, and fantastical surmise,
Very few, among those who profess them-

Rogers. And jealousy, with jaundice in her eyes,
selves christians, disclaim all concern for their

Discolouring all she view'd.


He who looks upon the soul through its outsouls, disown the authority, or renounce the

ward actions, sees it through a deceitful medium, Rogers. which is apt to discolour and pervert the object.

Spectator. 1. One that disclaims, disowns, or re

Have a care lost some beloved notion, or

some darling science, so prevail over your mind 2. (In law.] A plea containing an ex:

as to discolour all your ideas.

Watte. TO DISCOʻMFIT. v.a. [desconfire, Fr. or refusal.

Cowell. sconfiggere, Ital. as if from disconfigere,

Lat.) To defeat; to con: ler ; to van. 3. To uncover; to produce from a state

quish; to overpower; to subdue ; to

beat; to overthrow.

Fight against that monstrous rebel, Cade,
Whom, since, I heard to be discomfited,

Skakspeare. Joshua discomfited Amalek and his people with the edge of the sword.

He, fugitive, declin'd superior strength;

Discomfited, pursued, in the sad chace

Ten thousand ignominious fall.

While my gallant countrymen are employed in pursuing rebels half discomfited through the

consciousness of their guilt, shall improve

• those victories to the good of my fellow sube Woodward. jects.

Addison Disco'nfit, n. s. [f:om the verb.) Des

feat; tout; overthrow.

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expectations, of the gospel.
Disclaimer. n. s. [from disclaim.]



To Disclo'sE. v. a. [discludo, Latin;

dis and close.]

of latitancy to open

In this deep quiet, from what source un

Those seeds of fire their fatal birth disclose;
And first few seatt'ring sparks about were

Big with the flames that to our ruin rose.
Then earth and ocean various forms dis. Lose

The shells being broken, struck off, and gone,
the store included in them is thereby disclosed


and set at liberty.
2. To hatch; to open.

It is reported by the ancients, that the ostrich

My you must : incurable discom,st


so [from discom. Reigns in the hearts of all our present party.


mend.] One that discommends; a disDagon must stoop, and shall ere long receive

praiser. Such a discomfit, as shall quite despoil him

TO DISCOMMO'DE. v. a. [dis and comOf all these boasted trophies.

mode, Fr.] To put to inconvenience ;

Milton's Agonistes. to molest; to incommode. Disco’MFITURE. 1. s. [froni discomat. ] DISCOMMO'Dious. adj. [from discom

Defeat; loss of battle ; rout; ruin ; mode.] Inconvenient; troublesome ; overthrow.

unpleasing. Sad tidings bring I to you out of France,

So many thousand soldiers, unfit for any laOf loss, of slaughter, and discom

sture. Shaksp. bour, or other trade, must either seek service Behold every man's sword was against his and employment abroad, wtrich may be dangerfellow, and there was a very great discomfilure.

ous; or else employ themselves here at home,

i Samuel What a defeat and discomfiture is it to a man,

which may be distommodious. Spenser on Ireland.

DISCOMMO'DITY. n. s. [from discomvhen he comes to use this wealth, to find it all false metal. Government of the Tongue.

mode. ] Inconvenience; disadvantage ; He sent his angels to fight for his people; and

hurt; mischief. the discomfiture and slaughter of great hosts is We speak now of usury, how the discommodiattributed to their assistance. Atterbury.

ties of it may be best avoided, and the commoDisco'MFORT, n. s. [dis and comfort.]

dities retained : or how, in the balance of comUneasiness ; sorrow; melancholy ;

modities and discommodities, the qualities of gloom.

usury are to be reconciled.


It is better that a ship should be preserved This himself did foresee, and therefore armed

with some discommodity to the sailors, than that, his church, to the end they might sustain it without discomfort.

the sailors being in health, the ship should Hooker. perish.

Hayward Discomfort guides my tongue,

TO DISCOMPOʻSE. v. a. [déconipeser, And bids me speak of nothing but despair.


French.) In solitude there is not only discomfort, but 1. To disorder; to unsettle. weakness also.

Sout. The debate upon the self-denying ordnance To Discomfort. v.a. [from the noun.]

had raised many jealousies, and discomposed the To grieve; to sadden; to deject.

confidence that had formerly been between many of them.

Clarendon Her champion went away discomforted as much as discomtited.


2. To ruffle ; to disorder. His funeral shall not be in our camp,

Now Betty from her inaster's bed had flown, Lest it discomfort us.

And softly stole to discompose her own.

Swift. Disco'MFORTABLE, adj. [from discom

3. To disturb the temper; 'to agitate by fort.). !

perturbation. 1. That is melancholy and refuses com

No more, dear mother: ill in death it shows, fort.

Your peace of mind by rage to discompose. Dogde Discomfortable cousin know'st thou not

4. To offend, to tret ; to vex. That when the searching eye of Heav’n is hid

Men, who possess all the advantages of life, Behind the globe, it lights the lower world? are in a state where there are many accidents to


disorder and discomfose, but few to please them. 1. That causes sadness. What! did that help poor Dorus, whose eyes

5. To displace; to discard. Not in use. could carry unto him no other news but discom

Though he was a dark prince, and infinitely fortable !


suspicious, he never put down or discomposed 3 TO DISCOMME'ND. V. a. [llis and coni

counsellor or near servant.

Bacom mend.] To blame; to censure ; to

DISCOMPO' [from discompose.] mention with disapprobation.

Disorder ; perturbation. . Absolutely we cannot discommeml, we cannot

He threw himself upon his bed, lamenting absolutely approve, either willingness to live or

with much passion, and with abundance of tears;

and continued in this melancholick discomposure forwardness to die.


of mind inany days.
will all be wits; and he, I pray,

Clarendon. And you, that discommend it, mend the play. To DISCONCEʻRT. v.a. [dis and concert.]

Dcabam, 1. To unsettle the mind; to discompose. Neither do I discommend the lofty style in You need not provoke their spirits by out. tragedy, which is naturally pompous and mag rages: a čareless gesture, a word, or a looky is nificent. Dryden. enough to discercart them.

Collier, DISCOMME'NDABLE, odj. [from discom To break a scheme; to defeat a ma

mend.) Blamable; censurable ; deserv chination, ing blame.

DISCONFORMITY, K. s. [dis and comforPusillanimity is, according to Aristotle's mo

mity.] Want of agreement; inconrality, a vice very discommendable. Ayliffe's Par. DI SCOMME'NDABLENESS. n. s. [from


Lyes arise from érrour and mistake, or malice discommendable.) Blamableness ; liable.

and forgery; they consist in the disagreement ness to censure.


and discenjoruity betwixt the speech and the DISCOMMENDATION. n. s. [fron disa conception of the mind, or the coneeption of the "commend.] Blame; reproach; censure.

mind and the things themselves, or the speech

and the things. Tully assigns three motives, whereby, without

Hakezuill or Providence. many discommendation, a man might be drawn to

DisconGRU' [dis and congruig.) ibecome an accuser of others. Azliffe's Par.

Disagreeinent; inconsistency.


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Whose crimes beiore did your just cause beral accontentment, as though the busom ot that

There is want of capacity in the thing, to famous church, wherein they live, were more sustain such a duration, from the intrinsical dis noisome than any dungeon.

Hooker. congruity of the one to the other. Hok The politick and artificial nourishing and ene Disco'NSOLATE, adj. [dis and console. ]

tertaining of hopes, and carrying men from Void of comfort; hopeless ; sorrowful;

hopes to hopes, is one of the best antidotes

against the poison of discontentments Bacom. melancholy.

DISCONTINUANCE. n. s. [trom discon-
See Cassius all disconsolate,
With Pindarus his bondman, on this hill.


1. Want of cohesion of parts; want of If patiently thy bidding they obey,

union of one part with another; dis. Distniss them not disconsolate.

Milton. ruption.
The ladies and the knights, no shelter nigh, The stillicides of water, if there be enough io
Were dropping wet, disconsolate and wan,

follow, will draw themselves into a small thread, And through their thin array receiv'd the raio. because they will not discontinue; but if there


be no remedy, then they cast themselves into The moon reflects the sunbeams to us, and so, round drops, which is the figure that saveth the by illuminating the air, takes away in some body most from discontinuame.

Bacona measure the disconsolate darkness of our winter

2. Cessation ; intermission.

Ray. Let us consider whether our approaches to DiscoʻNSOLATELY. adv. [from discon him are sweet and refreshing, and it we are unsolate.] In a disconsolate manner;

easy under any long discontinuance of our concomfortlessly

versation with him.

Atterbury. DISCOʻNSOLATENESS. 1. s. [from disa 3. [In the common law.) An interrupconsolaté.] The state of being discon

tion or breaking off ; as discontinuance of solate.

possession, or discontinuance of process.
DiscoNTE'NT. . s. [dis and content.]

The effect of discontinuance of possession
Want of content; uneasiness at the

is, that a man may not enter upon his
present state.

own land or tenement alienated, whatI see your brows full of discontent,

soever his right be unto it, or by his Your hearts of sorrow, and your eyes of tears.

own authority ; but must seek to re-
Not that their pleasures caus’d her discontent,

Sbakspeare. cover possession by law. The effect of
She sigh’d, not that they stay'd, but that she

discontinuance of plea is, that the in-
Disconte'nt. adj. [dis and conteni.)


stance may not be taken up again, but

by a new writ to begin the suit afresh. Uneasy at the present state ; dissatis


DISCONTINUA’TION. n. s. [from discon-
They were of their own nature circumspect

tinue.) Disruption of continuity ;
and slow, discountenanced and discontent; and

breach of union of parts; disruption ;


Hayward. Upon any discontinuation of parts, made either
To dissatisfy; tò make uneasy at the

by bubbles, or by shaking the glass, the whole
mercury falls.

To DISCONTINUE. V. n. (discontinuer,

1. To lose the cohesion of parts; to suffer
separation or disruption of substance.

All bodies, ductile and tensile, as metals,

that will be drawn into wires; wool and tow,
Dryden. that will be drawn into yarn, or thread; have in

them the appetite of not discontinuing strong,
which maketh them follow the force that pulieta
them out, and yet so as not to discontinue or for-
sake their own body.

2. To lose an established or prescriptive

custom or right.

Thtself shattiscontinue from thine heritage

that I gave thee, and I will catse thee to serve
thine enemies.

1. To leave off; to cease any practice or

n. s. [from dis-

Twenty puny lyes I'll cell,
That men shall su’ear I've discontinued school
Above a twelvemonth.

Shal: peare,
Examine thy customs of diet, sleep, exerciée,
apparel, and the like; and try, in any thou
shalt judge hurtful, to discontinue it by little and
httle; but so, as if thou find any inconvenience
by the change, thou come back to it again.

2. To break off ; to interrupt.
gene. There is that property, in all keters, of apt-

ness to be conjoined in syllables and words,

those the earl singled as fittest for his purpose.
To DISCONTENT. D.a. (from the noun:]

present state.
I know a discontented gentleman,
Whose humble means match not his haughty

The discontented now are only they

Disconte’NTED. participial adj. (trom

dascoztezt.] Uncasy; cheerless; ma-

Let us know
What will tie up your discontented sword.
These are, beyond comparison, the two
greatest evils in this world; a diseased body,
and a discontented mind.

The goddess, with a discontented air,
Seems to reject him, tho' she grants tiis pray'r.


atented.] Uneasiness; want of ease;

A beautiful bust of Alexander the Great
Casts up his face to heaven with a noble air of
gids, or discontersteiners, in his looks

DisCONTENTMENT. n. s. (from discon-

tent. The state of being discontented;

These are the vices that fill them with

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through the voluble motions of the organs from 2. Opposite ; contrarious.
one stop or figure to another, that they modify The discordant attraction of some wandering
md discriminate the voice, without appearing comets would certainly disorder the revolutions

to discontinue it. Holder's Elements of Sprecb. of the planets, if they approached too near them. DISCONTINU'ITY. n. s. [dis and conti

Cbegres nuity.) Disunity of parts ; want of

3. Incongruous; not conformable. cohesion.

Hither conscience is to be referred; if by a That discontinuity of parts is the principal cause comparison of things done with the rule there be of the opacity of bodies, will appear by consider

a consonancy, then follows the sentence of aping that opaque substances become transparent probation; if discordant from it, the sentence of by filling their pores with any substance of equal, condemnation. Hale's Origin of Mankind. or almost equal, density with their parts. Neret. Disco'RDANTLY.adv. [from discordant.) DISCONVE'NIENCE. n. s. [dis and convenience.] Incongruity; disagreement;

1. Inconsistently; in disagreement with

itself. opposition of nature. Fear ariseth many times out of natural anti

2. In disagreement with another.

Two strings of a musical instrument being pathies of nature; but, in these disconveniences of nature, deliberation hath no place at all.

struck together, making two noises that arrive Branball's Answer to Hobbes.

at the ear at the same time as to sense, yield a DI'SCORD. 7. s. [discordia, Latin.]

sound differing from either of them, and as it

were compounded of both; insomuch, that if 1. Disagreement ; opposition ; mutual

they be discordantly tuned, though each of anger; reciprocal oppugnancy.

them struck apart would yield a pleasing sound, See what a scourge is laid upon your hate, yet being struck together they make a harsh and Theat heav'n finds means to kill your joys with troublesome noise.

Boyle. love! And I, for winking at your discords too,

3: Peevishly; in a contradictious manner. Have lost a brace of kinsmen. Sbakspeare:

To Discoʻver. v. a. [découvrir, Fr. He is a false witness that speaketh lies, and

dis and cover.]
that soweth discord among brethren. Proverbs. 1. To show; to disclose ; to bring to
2. Difference or contrariety of qualities, light; to make visible.
particularly of sounds.

2. To expose to view.
Take but degree away, untune that string, The cover of the coach was made with such
And hark what discord follows; each thing meets joints, that as they might, to avoid the weather,
In mere oppugnancy.

pull it up close, so they might put each end Discord, like that of music's various parts, down, and remain as discovered and open-sighted Discord that makes the harmony of hearts; as on horseback.

Discord, that only this dispute shall bring,

Go draw aside the curtains and discover
Who best shall love the duke and serve the The several caskets to this noble prince.

All nature is but art unknown to thee;

He discovereth deep things out of darkness, and All chance, direction which thou canst not see; bringeth out to light the shadow of death. Job. All discord, harmony not understood;

3. To show; not to shelter; to expose. All partial evil, universal good.


And now will I discover her lewdness. `Hosea. 3. [In music.) Sounds not of themselves

Law can discover sin, but not remove. Milton. pleasing, but necessary to be mixed

4. To make known; not to disguise; to with others.

reveal. It is sound alone that doth immediately and incorporeally affect most; this is most mamfest

We will pass over unto those men, and we will discover ourselves unto them.

Isaiub. in music, and concords and discords in music : for all sounds, whether they be sharp or flat, if

Eve, who unseen, they be sweet, have a roundness and equality;

Yet all had heard, with audible lament and if they be harsh, are unequal : for a discord

Discover'd from the place of her retire. Milton. itself is but a harshness of divers sounds meet

5. To ken; to espy. ing.


When we had discovered Cyprus, we left it It is the lark that sings so out of tune,

on the left hand. Straining harsh discords and unpleasing sharps.

6. To find out; to obtain information. Shakspeare.

He shall never, by any alteration in me, disHow doth music amaze us, when of discords cover my knowledge of his mistake. Pope's Lett. she maketh the sweetest harmony! Peacham,

7. To detect; to find though concealed. To DiscoʻRD. v. n. (discordo, Latin.)

Up he starts, To disagree; not to suit with.

Discover'd and surpris'd.

Milton. Sounds do disturb and alter the one the

Man with strength and free will arm'd other; sometimes the one drowning the other,

Complete, to have discover'd and repuls'd and making it not heard ; sometimes the one

Whatever wiles of foe or seeming friend. jarring and discording with the other, and making 8. To find things or places not known a confusion.


.. s. [from discord.] DiscoʻRDANCY.) Disagreement; op

Some to discover islands far away.

Sbaksp. position ; inconsistency.

Another part in squadrons bend their march

On bold adventure, to discover wide DiscoʻRDANT, adj. [discordans, Latin.]

That dismal world.

Milton 1. Inconsistent; at variance with itself. So of things. The Germans disco.

Myrrha was joy'd the welcome news to hear, vered printing and gunpowder.
But, clogg'd with guilt, the joy was unsincere; 9. To exhibit to the view.
So various, so discordant is the mind,
That in our will a different will we find. Dryde

Some high climbing hill,
Which to his eye discovers unaware

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