They in themselves, good sooth, are too, too

this world, appear of a different odious hue in

To Disco'UNSEL. V. a. [dis and counsel.) 3. It is irregularly used by Temple with

To dissuade ; to give contrary advice.

able by reason.

before ; a finder out.

He came,

be cast out.

The goodly prospect of some foreign land, But him that palmer from that vanity,
First seen, or some renown'd metropolis

With temperate advice discounsellod. Spenser.
With glist'ring spires and battlements adorn'd. Di'sCOUNT. n. s. [dis and count.] . The


sum refunded in a bargain. Not light, but rather darkness visible,

His whole intention was, to buy a certain Serv'd only to discover sights of woe. Milton. Disco'VERABLE. adj. [from discover.)

quantity of copper money from Wood, at a

large discount, and sell them as well as he could. 1. That may be found out.

Swift. That mineral matter, which is so intermixed To Discou'NT. v. a. [from the noun) with the common and terrestrial matter, as not To count back; to pay back again. to be discoverable by human industry; or, if disserable, diffused and scattered amongst the

My father's, mother's, brother's death I

pardon : crasser inatter, can never be separated.

My prayers and penance shall discount for these,
Woodward's Natural History.
Revelation may assert two things to be joined,

And beg of heaven to charge the bill on me.

Dryden. whose connection or agreement is not discover The farmers, spitefully combin'd,


Force him to take his tithes in kind; 2. Apparent ; exposed to view.

And Parvisol discounts arrears They were deceived by Satan, and that not in By bills for taxes and repairs. Swift. an invisible situation, but in an open and discom To DiscoU'NTENANCE: 3. a. (dis and serable apparition, that is, in the form of a serpent. Brown's Vu'gar Errours.

countenance. ] It is concluded by astronomers, that the at

1. To discourage by cold treatment. mosphere of the moon hath no clouds nor rains,

Unwilling they were to discountenance any man but a perpetual and uniform serenity; because

who was willing to serve them. Clarendon. nothing discoverable in the lunar surface is ever

The truly upright judge will always councovered and absconded by the interposition of

tenance right, and discountenance wrong. Aitcri. any clouds or mists. Discoʻver. n. s. [from discover. ]

Bentley. 2. To abash; to put to shame.

Wisdom, in discourse with her, 1. One that finds any thing not known

Loses discountenanc'd, and like folly shews.

Milton. If more be found out, they will not recom

and with him Eve, more loth, tho'

first pense the discoverer's pains, but will be fitter to To offend; discountenanc'd both and discompos'd. Holder.

Miltor. Places receive appellations, according to the language of the discoverer, from observations

How would one look from his majestic brow,

Seated as on the top of virtue's hill,

The Cape of Good Hope was doubled in those

Discount’nance her despis’d!

Milton. early times; and the Portuguese were not the Discou’NTENANCE. n. s. [dis and coun:

Arbutbrot. An old maiden gentlewoman is the greatest

tenance.] Cold treatment; unfavourdiscoverer of judgments; she can tell you what

able aspect; unfriendly regard. sin it was that set such a man's house on fire.

He thought a little discounte ance upon those

persons would suppress that spirit. Clarendon. 2. A scout; one who is put to descry Addison's Spectator.

All accidental misfortunes, how inevitable soever, were still attended with very apparent discountenance.


In expectation of the hour of judgment, he Here stand, my lords, and send discoverers

patiently bears all the difficulties of duty, and the discountance he meets with from a wicked and prophane world.

Rogers. Discou’NTENANCER. 1. s. (from disa

countenance.] One that discourages by

cold treatment; one that depresses by none more fame have unfriendly regard. Beyond the year, and out of heaven's high

Rumours of scandal, and murmurs against the king, and his government, taxed him for a great taxer of his people, and discountenancer of his nobility.

Bacon. Dryder. TO DISCOU'RAGE. v.a. [décourager,

French; dis and courage.] 1. To depress; to deprive of confidence ; to deject; to dastardise.

I might neither encourage the rebels insolence, nor discourage the protestants loyalty and patience.

King Charles. The apostle with great zeal discourages too wrreasonable a presumption.

Rogert. Soutb. 2. To deter; to fright from any attempt :

with from before the thing.

Wherefore discourage ye the heart of the chilSwift. dren of Israel from going over into the land?


made upon the people.

first discoverers of that navigation.

the posture or number of an enemy i speculator.

forth, To know the numbers of our enemies. Sbaksp. DiscoʻVERY. n.s. [from discover.) 1. The act of finding any thing hidden.

Of all who since have usd the open sea, Than the bold English



They made discoveries where they see no sun. 2. The act of revealing or disclosing any What

, must I hold a candle to my shame?



Why 'tis an office of discovery, love,
And I should be obscur'd.

Sbakspeare. Things that appeared amiable by the light of the clear discoveries of the next.

It would be necessary to say something of the state to which the war hath reduced us, such a discovery

, ought to be made as late as possible.



to before the following word.
You may keep your beauty and your health,




unless you destroy them yourself, or discourage Discourse, I prythee, on this turret's topthem to stay with you, by using them ill.

Sbakspeare. Temple. Of various things discoursing as he passed, DISCOU'RAGER. 1. s. [from discourage.] Anchises hither bends.

Dryden. One that impresses diffidence and ter 2. To treat upon in a solemn or set rour.

manner. Mcst men in years, as they are generally The general maxims we are discoursing of are discouragers of youth, are like old trees, which, not known to children, ideots, and a great part being pase bearing themselves, will suffer of mankind.

Locke. young plants to Aourish beneath them.

Pope. 3. To reason ; to pass from premises to Discou'RAGEMENT. 1. S. (from discou consequences. rage.]

And yet the pow'rs of her discoursing thoughts, 1. The act of deterring, or depressing From the collection is a diverse thing. Davies. hope,

Brutes do want that quick discoursing power,

Daviesa 2. Deternient; that which deters from To Discou’rse. via. [from the noun.) any thing : with from.

To treat of; to talk over ; to discuss. Amongst other impediments of any inventions, it is none of the meanest discouragements,

Go with us into the abbey here, that they are so generally derided by common

And let us there at large discourse all our for

Sbakspearea opinion.

Wilkins, The books read at schools and colleges are

DiscOU'RSER. n. s. (from discourse.] full of incitements to virtue, aud discourage

1. A speaker ; a haranguer. Wents from vice.


The tract of every thing, 3. The cause of depression, or fear: with Would by a good discourser lose some life, to, less properly

Which action's self was tongue to.

Sbaksp. To things we would have them learn, the 2. A writer on any subject; a dissertator. great and only discouragement is, that they are

Philologers and critical discoursers, who look called to them.


beyond the obvious exteriors of things, will not DISCOU'RSE. n. s. [discours, French ; be angry at our narrower explorations. Brown. discursus, Latin.]

But it seems to me, that such discoursers do 1. The act of the understanding, by

reason upon short views, and a very moderate compass of thought.

Swift. which it passes from premises to con Discou'RSIVE. adj. [from discourse.] sequences.

1. Passing by intermediate steps from By reason of that original weakness in the instruments, without which the understanding

premises to consequences.

The soul part is not able in this world by discourse to work, the very conceit of painfulness is a bridle

Reason receives, and reason is her being, to stay us.


Discoursive, or intuitive; discourse Sure he that made us with such large discourse,

is oftest yours, the latter is most ours. Milten. Looking before and after, gave us not

Containing dialogue ; interlocutory: That capability and godlike reason

The epic is every where interlaced with diaToʻrest in us unus'd.

logue, or discoursive scenes.

Dryden. The act of the mind which connects propo- Discou'RTEOUS. adj. [dis and courteous.] tions, and deduceth conclusions from them, the Uncivil; uncomplaisant; defective in schools call discourse; and we shall not miscall it, if we name it reason.

good manners.

Glenville, 2. Conversation ; mutual intercourse of

He resolved to unhorse the first discourteous knight he should meet.

Morteux's Don Quix. language; talk.

Discou'RTESY, n. s. [dis and courtesy.] He waxeth wiser than himself, more by an hour's discourse than by a day's meditation.

Incivility; rudeness ; act of disrespect, Bacon.

As if chearfulness had been tediousness, and In thy discourse, if thou desire to please,

good entertainment had been turned to discourAll such is courteous, useful, new, or witty;

tesy, he would ever get himself alone. Usefulness comes by labour, wit by ease,

Be calm in arguing; for fierceness makes Courtesy grows in court, news in the city.

Error a fault, and truth discourtesy.

He made me visits, maundering as if I had The vanquish'd party with the victors join'd,

done him a discourtesy.

Wiseman, Nor wanted sweet discourse, the banquet of the Discou'R'TEOUSLY. adv. [from discourmind.

Dryden. tecus.] Uncivilly; rudely. 3. Effusion of language; speech. Di’scous. adj. (from discus, Latin.)

Topical and superficial arguments, of which there is store to be found on both sides, filling

Broad ; Hat; wide. Used by botanists the head with variety of thoughts, and the mouth

to denote the middle, plain, and fat with copious discourse, serve only to amuse the part of some flowers, such as the fios understanding and entertain company. Locke. solis, &c.

Quincy. 4. A treatise; a dissertation either writ. DISCREDIT.

[décrediter, Fr.) ten or uttered.

Ignominy ; reproach ; lower degree of The discourse here is about ideas, which, he infamy ; disgrace ; imputation of 3 says, are real things, and seen in God

Locke. fault. Plutarch, in his discourse upon garrulity, com Had I been the finder-out of this secret, it mends the fidelity of the companions of Ulysses.

Pope's Odyssey.

would not have relished among my other disa

cruits. TO DISCOU'RSE. v. n. [from the noun.]


Idlers will ever live like rogues, and not fall to 1, To converse; to talk ; to relate.

work, but be lazy, and then certify over their How wert thou handled, being prisoner? country to the discredit of a plantation, Bacon



The most recluse, discreetly open'd, find

DISCREETNESS. 1. s. [from discreet.)
The quality of being discreet; discie DISCRE'TIVE. adj. [discretus, Latin.)


have discredited you.

same man


3. To distrust;


That they may quit their morals without any DI'SCREPANCE. 1. s. [discrepantia, discredit to their intellectuals, they Hy to se Latin.] Difference; contrariety; disveral stale, trite, pitiful objections and cavils.

Soutb. agreement.

Diversity of education, and discrepancy of Tis the duty of every christian to be con

those principles wherewith men are at first imcerned for the reputation or discredit his life

bued, and wherein all our after reasonings are may bring on his profession.


Lord Digby to K. Digby.
Alas! the small discredit of a bribe
Scarce hurts the lawyer, but undoes the scribe.

Di'SCREPANT. adj. [discrepans, Latin.]

Pope. Different; disagreeing; contrary, To Discredit. v.a. [décrediter, Fr.] To Discre’TE. v. a. (discretus, Lat.] 1. To deprive of credibility; to make To separate; to discontinue: not trusted.

As for its diaphaneity, it enjoyeth that most He bad framed to himself many deceiving pro eminently; as having its earthly and salinous mises of life, which I have discredited to him, parts so exactly resolved, that its body is left and now is he resolved to die. Sbakspeare. imporous, and not discreted by atomical termi2. To disgrace; to bring reproach upon ;

Brown, to shame ; to make less reputable or

Discre’TE. adj. [discretus, Lat.) honourable.

1. Distinct; disjoined; not continuous. You had left unseen a wonderful piece of

Discrete quantity, or different individuals, are work, which not to have been blest withal, would

measured by number, without any breaking con

Slakspeare. tinuity; that is, in things that have continuity, He is commended that makes a saving voyage,

as continued quantity and motion. Hale. and least discredits his travels, who returns the 2. Disjunctive: as, I resign my life, but

W oston. not my honour, is a discrete proposition.
He, like a privileg'd spy, whom nothing can
Ducredit, libels now 'gainst each great man.

3. Discrete Proportion is, when the ratio Donne.

between two pairs of numbers or quanReflect how glorious it would be to appear in

tities is the same; but there is not the countenance of discredited duty, and by example

same proportion between all the four : of piety revive the declining spirit of religion. thus, 6 : 8:: 3: 4:

Harris. Without care our best actions will lose much

Rogers. Discretion, n. s. [from discretio, Lat.) of their influence, and our virtues will be often

1. Prudence; knowledge to govern or dixcredited with the appearance of evil Rogers.

direct one's self; skill; wise managenot to credit; not to hold


Nothing then was further thought upon for DISCREET. adj. [discret, French.)

the manner of governing; but all permitted unto 1. Prudent ; circunspect ; cautious ;

their wisdom and discretion which were to rule.

Hooker. sober; not rash ; not precipitant; not

A knife may be taken away from a child, careless ; not hardly adventurous.

without depriving them of the benefits thereof Honest , discreet, quiet, and godly learned

which have years and discretion to use it. men, will nor be with-drawn by you. W bitgift.

Hooker. It is not good that children should know any part

More than you doubt the charge of 't. Sbaksp.


vickedness: oid folks have discretion, and know the world.


All chis was order'd by the good discretion
It is the discreet man, not the witty, nor the


Of the right reverend cardinal of York. Sbabsp. leamed, nor the brave, who guides the conver

The pleasure of commanding our passions is : to be preferred before any sensual pleasure; be

cause it is the pleasure of wisdom and discretion. Addison's Spectator.

But care in poetry must still be had,
It asks discretion ev'n in running mad.

There is no talent so useful towards rising in the world, or which puts men more out of the

reach of fortune, than discretion, a species of Thomson. lower prudence.

Swift. 2. Liberty of acting at pleasure ; uncon

trolled and unconditional power : as, he surrenders at discretion ; that is, with

out stipulation. Waller. DiscrE'TIONARY. adj: [from discretion.]

Left at large ; unlimited ; unre

strained.] South.

A deacon may have a dispensation for enterPbilips.

ing into orders before he is twenty-three years of age; and it is discretionary in the bishop to admit him to that order at what time he thinks fit.

Ayliffe's Parergon. The major being a person of consummate experience, was invested with a discretionary power.

Tatier. 1. [1o logick.) Discretive propositions

D 2

Less fearfal tran discreet,
You love the fundamental

To elder years to be discr:et and grave,
Then to old age maturity she gave.




sation, and gives measures to society, Modest; not forward. Not well au. thorized. Dear youth, by fortune favour'd, but by love, Alas! not favour'd less, be still as now DiscreeTLY. adv. (from discreet. ] Prucently ; cautiously ; circumspectly; Poets lose half the praise they should have

Could it be known what they discreetly blot,
The labour of obedience, loyalty, and subjec-

, is no more but for a man honestly and dis-
wietly to sit still.
Profit springs from husks discreetly us'd.,

The dullest brain, if gently stirr’d,
Perhaps may waken to a humming bird;
Congenial object in the cockle kind.



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are 'such whierein various, and secm The only standing test, and discriminative ingly opposite, judgments are made, characteristick, of any metal or mineral, must whose variety or distinction is noted

be sought for in the constituent matter of it.

Woodward. by the particles but, though, yet, &c. as, 2. That observes distinction. travellers may change their climate, but Discriminative Providence knew before the not their temper; Job was patient, though nature and course of all things.

More. bis grief was great.

Watts. Discri’MINOUS. adj. [from discrimen, [in grammar.] Discretive distinctions Latin.] Dangerous; hazardous. Not are such as imply opposition : as, not

usual. a man, but a beast.

Any kind of spitting of blood imports a very DISCRIMINALBE. adj. [from discrimi

discriminous state, unless it happens upon the

gaping of a vein opened by a plethory. Harvey. rate.) Distinguishable by outward marks or tokens.

Dia. Discu'bitory. adj. (discubitorius, Lat.] T. DISCRIMINATE. v. a. [discri

Fitted to the posture of leaning. mnino, Latin.]

After bathing they retired to bed, and re

freshed themselves with a repast; and so that 1. To mark with notes of difference; custom, by degrees, changed their cubiculary

to distinguish by certain tokens from beds into discubitory. Brown's Vulgar Erreurs. another.

DISCU'M BENCY: n. s. [discumbens, Lat.] Oysters and cockles and muscles, which move The act of leaning at meat, after the not, have no discriminate sex.

ancient manner. Bacon's Nat. Hist.

The Greeks and Romans used the custom of There are three sorts of it, differing in fine

discumbency at meals, which was upon their left ness from each other, and discriminated by the

side ; for so their right hand was free and ready natives by three peculiar names. Boyle.

for all service. The right hand is discriminated from the left To DISCU’MBER. v. a. (dis and cumber.]

Brown's Vulgar Erreurs. by a natural, necessary, and never to be confounded distinction.

South, To disengage from any troublesome Although the features of his countenance be weight; to disengage from impediment. no reason of obedience, yet they may serve to His limbs discumber'd of the clinging vest, discriminate him from any other person, whom He binds the sacred cincture round his breast. she is not to obey. Stillingflect.

Pope's Odyssey There may be ways of discriminating the To Discu'RE, V. a. [decouvrir, French.) voice; as by acuteness and gravity, the several

To discover ; to reveal. A word perdegrets of rising and falling from one tone or note to another.


haps peculiar to Spenser. 2. To select or separate from others.

I will, if please you it discure, assay You owe little less for what you are not,

To ease you of that ill. Fairy Queen.

than for what you are, to that discriminating mercy,

DISCU'RSIVE. adj. [discursif, Fr, from to which alone you owe your exemption from

discurro, Latin.) miseries.

Boyle. 1. Moving here and there ; roving; deDiscrĽMINATENESS. n. s. (from discrie sultory

minate. ) Distinctness; marked dif. Some noises help sleep; as the blowing of the ference.


wind, and the trickling of water : they move a DISCRIMINATION. 1. s. (from discri.

gentle attention; and whatsoever moveth at

tention, without too much labour, stilleth the natio, Latin.]

natural and discursive motion of the spirits. 1. The state of being distinguished from

Bacon. . other persons or things.

2. Proceeding by regular gradation from There is a reverence to be shewed them on premises to consequences; argumenta. the account of their discrimination from other tive. This is sometimes, perhaps not places, and separation for sacred uses. Stillinfl.

improperly, written discoursive.) 2. The act of distinguishing one from

There is a sanctity of soul and body, of more another; distinction; difference put. efficacy for the receiving of divine truths, than

A satire should expose nothing but what is the greatest pretences to discursive demonstracorrigible ; and make a due discrimination be


More's Divine Dialogues. tween those that are, and those who are not, the

There hath been much dispute touching the proper objects of it.

Addison's Spectator.

knowledge of brutes, whether they have a kind By that prudent discrimination made between of discursive faculty, which some call reason. the offenders of different degrees, he obliges

Hale's Origin of Mankind. · those whom he has distinguished as objects of Discu'ršively. adv. (from discursive) mercy.

Addison's Frecbolder. By due gradation of argument. 3. The marks of distinction.

We have a principle within, whereby we Take heed of abetting any factions or apply think, and we know we think; whereby we do ing any publick discriminations in matters of re discursively, and by way of ratiocination, deduce ligion.

King Charles. one thing from another. Letters arise from the first original discrimi- Discu'r SOR Y. adj. [discursor, Lat.] Arnations of voice, by way of articulacion, where

gumental ; rational. by the ear is able to judge and observe the différences of vocal sounds.


DISCUS. n. s. [Latin.] A quoit; 2 DISCRIMINATIVE. adj. [from discrimi heavy piece of iron thrown in the

nate.] 1. That makes the mirk of distinction ;

From Elatreus' strong arm the discus flies,

And sings with unmatch'd force along the characteristical,



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Didains a life which he has power to offer.
Gods! hok my soul is mov'd with just disdain !
DisD A'INFUL. adj. [disdain and full.]
Contemptuous; haughtily scornful;

To DISCU'SS. v. a. (discutio, discussum, There will come a time when three words,

uttered with charity and meekness, shall receive Latin.]

a far more blessed reward, than three thousand 1. To examine; to ventilate ; to clear by

volumes, written with disdainful sharpness of disquisition.


Hooker. We are to discuss only those general excep

The queen is obstinate,
tions which have been taken.

Hooker. Stubborn to justice, apt t'accuse it,
His usage was to commit the discussing of

Disdainful to be cried by 't. Sbakspeara causes privately to certain persons learned in the

Seek through this grove;
Ayliffe's Parergon. A sweet Athenian lady is in love
This knotty point should you and I discuss, With a disdainful youth: anoint his eyes;
Or cell a tale?

Pope. But do it when the next thing he espies
2. To disperse : commonly applied to a Shall be the lady.

Sbakspeare. humour or swelling:

But those I can accuse, I can forgive : Many arts were used to discuss the beginnings By my disdainful silence let them live. Dryden. of new affection.


The disdainful soul came rushing through the 3. To break to pieces.


Dryden. Consider the three-fold effect of Jupiter's tri- DISDA'INFULLY, adv. (from disdainful.] sulk, to burn, discuss, and terebrate. Brown, Contemptuously ; with haughty scorn ; Discu'sser. n. š. (from discuss.] He

with indignation
that discusses ; an examiner.

Either greet him not
Discussion, n.s. (from discuss.)

Or else disdainfully, which shall shake him more.

Sbakspeare. 1. Disquisition ; examination; ventilation It is not to insult and domineer, to look disa

dainfully, and revile imperiously, that procures Truth cannot be found without some labour esteem from any one.

South. and intention of the mind, and the thoughts DISDA'INFULNESS. n. s. [from disdaindwelling a considerable time upon the survey and discussion of each particular.

ful.) Contempt; contemptuousness ;

Various discussions tear our heated brain:

haughty scorn.
Opinions often turn; still doubts remain ;

Can I forget, when they in prison placing her, And who indulges thought, increases pain.

With swelling heart, in spite and due disdaina Prior.

fulness, 2. (In surgery.) Discussion or resolution

She lay for dead, till I help'd with unlacing her.

Sidney. is nothing else but breathing out the humours by insensible transpiration.

A proud disdainfulness of other men. Ascham.

DISEASE. n. s. [dis and ease.] Distem

Discuéssive. adj. (from discuss. ] Having

per ; malady ; sickness morbid state.

What's the disease he means ?
power to discuss or disperse any

-Tis call'd the evil.


And Asa, in the thirty and ninth year of his Discu’TIENT. 1. s. (discutiens, Latin.]

reign, was diseased in his feet, and his disease

was exceeding great; and in his disease he sought drive back the matter of tumours in the

not the Lord, but to the physicians. Cbron. blood. It sometimes means the same

li is idle to propose remedies before we are assured of the disease, or to be in pain till we are convinced of the danger.

Swift The swellings arising from these require to be

Intemperance treated, in their beginning, with moderate re

In meats and drinks, which in the earth shall Wiseman.

bring! To DISDAČIN. v. a. [dedaigner, Fr.)

Diseases dire.


Then wasteful forth
To scorn; to consider as unwc
worthy of Walks the dire pow'r of pestilent disease.

Thomson's Summer.
to do for you; nor nothing so small, which I
so great, which I will fear To DISEA'se, v. a. (from the noun.]

1. To afflict with disease; to torment Sidney. with pain or sickness; to make morbid; to infect.

We are all diseased,
And without surfeiting and wanton hours

Have brought ourselves into a burning fever.
Tell him, Cato

Flatt'rers yet wear silk, drink wine, lie sott,

Hug their disuasd perfumes, and have forgot
That ever Timon was.

Sbakspeare: Let her alone, lady: as she is now, she will but disease our better mirth

Shakspeare. He was diseased in his feet. 1 Kings.

A lazar-house it seem'd, wherein were laid

Number's of all diseas'd, all maladies
Ecclus. Of ghastly spasm, or racking torture. Milton.

2. To put to pain ; to pain; to make Pope's Odyssey.


Though great light be insufferable to our eyes,
yet the highest degree of darkness does not at
all disease them.

Dis E A'SEDNESS, 1. s. [from diseased.]

noxious matter.

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A medicine that has power to repel or

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as carminative.


pellents and discutianis.

one's character.

There is nothing
will disdain to do for you.

They do disdain as much beyond our thoughts,
which makes me sweat with wrath. Shakespeare.

What safe and nicely i mnicht well delay
Ey rule of knighthoud, I disdain and spurn.


Dispa’IN. n. s. (sdegno, Ital.] Contempt; scorn; contemptuous anger ; indignation. Children being haughty, through disdrin and want of nurture, do stain the nobility of their But against you, ye Greeks, ye coward train,



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