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disunion of parts.
Frangible; separable ; liable to be die of his duty, there would be no place left for the stroyed by the disunion of its parts.
coinmon offices of society.
L'Estrange. What is most dense, and least porous, will be
When they have taken a degree, and are conmost coherent and least disçerptible. Glansille.
sequently grown a burden to their friends, who Matter is moveable, this immoveable; matter
now think themselves fully discharged, they get disple, this indiscerptible. Mcre.
into orders as soon as they can. Swift. DISCER PTIBILITY. x. s. [from discerp- 9. To clear from an accusation or crime; tible.] Liableness to be destroyed by
to absolve: with of.
They wanted not reasons to be discharged of
all blame, who are confessod to have no great DISCERPTION. n. s. [from discerp.] The
fault, even by their very word and testimony, act of pulling to pieces, or destroying in whese eres no fruit of ours hath ever hitherto by disgniting the parts.
been esteemed to be small.
Hooket. T. DISCHARGE,' v. a. (décharger, They are imprudent enough to discharge themFrench.
selves of this blunder, by laying the contradiction at Virgil's door.
Drydet 1. To disburden; to exonerate; to free
10. To perform ; to execute.
Had I a hundred tongues, a wit so large
As could their hundred offices discharge.
Dryden's Fables. Disebargd of business, void of strife! Dryden. 2. To unload ; to disembark.
11. To put away ; to obliterate; to deI will convey them by sea in floats, unto the
stroy. place that thou shalt appoint me, and will cause
It is done by little and little, and with many them to be disebarged
Bacon's Natural History. 3. To throw off any thing collected or Trial would also be made in her bs poisonous
accumulated; to give veni to any thing;
and purgative, whose ill quality perhaps may be
disibarged, or attempered, by setting stronger lent or sudden.
poisons or purgatives by them.
Bacon. Mounting his eyes,
12. To divest of any office or employH: did disebarge a horrible oath. Sbakspeare. ment; to dismiss from service : as, he
discharged his steward; the soldier was Sbakspeare's Macbeth.
discharged. Ner were those blust'ring brethren left at
13. To dismiss; to release; to send
away from any business or appointment. On seas and shores their fury to discharge.
Discharge your pow'rs unto their several couu
Dryden's Ovid. ties.
When Cæsar would have discharged the senate, Soon may your sire discharge the vengeance
in regard of a dream of Calphurnia, this man And all your wrongs the proud oppressors rue.
told him, he hoped he would not dismiss the
senatę till his wife had dreamed a better dream. Pope's Odyssey:
Bacon. Discharge thy shafts; this ready bosom rend. 14. To emit.
The matter being suppurated, I opened an in
flamed tubercle in the great angle of the left A conceit runneth abroad, that there should be a white powder, which will discharge a piece
eye, and discharged a well-concocted matter.
Wiseman's Surgery. The galleys also did oftentimes, out of their
Bacon. To DISCHA'RGE, V. n. To dismiss itprow's, discharge their great pieces against the
self; to break up.
The cloud, if it were oily or fatty, would not We disebarged a pistol, and had the sound DISCHARGE. n. s. (from the verb.]
Bacon's Natural History. returned upon us fifty-six times, though the air
Addison on Italy.
1. Vent; explosion; emission, S.
As the heat of all springs is owing to subter.
raneous tire, so wherever there are any extraorSbakspeare.
dinary discharges of this fire, there also are the neighbouring springs hotter than ordinary.
Woodward. 2. Matter vented. Dryden's Ftvenal.
Tne hæmorrhage boing stopped, the next oce currence is a thin serous disobarge.
Sharp commodities will pay for, we contract debris ber 3. Disruption ; evanescence.
Mark' the discharge of the little cloud upon
glass or gems, or blades of swords, and you shall Locke. see it ever break up first in the skirts, and last in the middle.
Bacon's Natural History: 4. Dismission from an oflice : as, the go
vernour solicited his discharge.
From penalty, because from death releas'd
Milton. 6. Absolution from a crime.
The fexo expresses the sound estate of the
4. To let off a gun.
Now to the horrors of that uncouth place
they will not take ou goods to discharge them, 6. To send away a creditor by payment.
If he had
A grateful mind
Fone man's faule could discharge another man
Indebted and disebargd.
conscience, not barely by its not accusing, but only perception, phantasy, and memory, comby its not condemning us; which word imports mon to most if not all animals, but something properly an acquaintance or discharge of a man of sagacity, providence, and disciplinableness. upon some precedent accusation, and a full trial
Hale. and cognizance of his cause.
Soxtb. DISCIPLINA’RIAN. adj. [from discipline.] 7. Ransom; price of ransom.
Pertaining to discipline.
What eagerness in disciplinarian uncertainTo free him hence! But death, who sets all ties, when the love of God and our neighbour, free,
evangelical unquestionables, are neglected! Hath paid his ransom now and full discharge.
Glanville's Scepsis. Miltor. DISCIPLINA’RIAN. 1.6. [disciplina, La3. Performance; execution.
tin.] The obligations of hospitality and protection
s. One who rules or teaches with great are sacred nothing can absolve us from the discbarge of those duties.
strictness; one who allows no deviation 9. An acquittance from a debt.
from stated rules. 30. Exemption ; privilege.
2. A follower of the presbyterian sect, so There is no discharge in that war, neither called from their perpetual çlamour shall wickedness deliver those that are given to about discipline. it.
Ecclesiastes. They draw those that dissent into dislike with DrscHARGER. n. s. [from disckarge.] the state, as puritans, or disciplinarians. 3. He that discharges in any manner.
Sanders. Pax. Ecd. 3. He that fires a gun.'
DI'SCIPLINARY. adj. [disciplina, Latin.] To abate the bombilation of gunpowder, a 1. Pertaining to discipline, way is promised by Porta, by borax and butter, Relating to government. which he says will make it so go off, as scarcely Those canons in behalf of marriage were only to be heard by the discharger.
disciplinary, grounded on prudential motives. Discr'scr. adj. [discinctus, Latin.) Un
Bishop Ferne. girded ; loosely dressed.
Dict. To Disci'nd. v. a. [discindo, Latin.]
3. Relating to a regular course of edu
cation. To divide; to cut in pieces.
These are the studies, wherein our noble and We found several concretions so soft, that gentle youth ought to bestow their time in a we could easily discind them betwixt our fingers. disciplinary way.
. DISCIPLINE. n. s. [disciplina, Latin.) DISCIPLE. 11. s. [discipulus, Latin ) A
1. Education ; instruction, the act of scholar; one that professes to receive cultivating the mind; the act of form. instructions from another.
ing the manners. He rebuked disciples who would call for fire
He had charge my discipline to frame, from heaven upon whole cities, for the neglect And tutors nouriture to oversee. Spenser. d a few.
The cold of the northern parts is that which, The commemorating the death of Christ, is
without aid of discipline, doth make the bodies the professing ourselves the disciples of the cru- hardest, and the courage warınest. Bacon. cified Saviour; and that engageih us to take up
They who want that sense of discipline, hearbis cross and follow him.
ing, are also by consequence deprived of speech. A young disciple should behave himself so
Holder. Well, as to gain the affectiop and the ear of his
It is by the assistance of the eye and the ear instructor.
Watts. To Disciple. v, a. (from the noun.]
especially, which are called the senses of discia
pline, that our minds are furnished with various 3. To train; to bring up.
parts of knowledge.
Watts. He did look far
2. Rule of government; order; method Into the service of the time, and was
of governinent. Disciples of the bravest.
They hold, that from the very apostles time 2. To punish ; to discipline. This word till this
present age, wherein yourselves imagine is not in use.
ye have found out a right pattern of sound disShe, bitter penance! with an iron whip cipline, there never was any time safe to be folWas wont him to disciple every day. Spenser. lowed.
Hooker. DISCIPLESHIP. n. s. [from disciple.]
As we are to believe for ever the articles of The state or function of a disciple, or
evangelical doctrine, so the precepts of discipline
we are, in like sort, bound for ever to observe. follower of a master.
Hooker. "That to which justification is promised, is the
While we do admire giving up of the whole soul intirely unto Christ, This virtue and this moral discipline, undertaking disciplesbip upon Christ's terms. Let's be no stoicks.
Sbalspeare. Hammond's Practical Catechism.
3. Military regulation. DisciplI'NABLE. ed. (disciplinabilis, This opens all your victories in Scotland,
Latin ] Capable of instruction; capa- Your discipline in war, wisdom in peace. Shaks. ble of improvement by discipline and
Let crooked steel invade learning.
The lawless troops which discipline disclaim,
And their superfluous growth with rigour tame.. DISCIPLI'NABLENESS. n. s. [from dis
Dryder. ciplinable.) Capacity of instruction; 4. A state of subjection. qualification for iinprovenient by edu. The most perfect, who have their passions in cation and discipline.
the best discipline, are yet obliged to be conWe find in animals, especially some of them,
stantly on their guard.
Rogers. as foxes, dogs, apes, horses, and elephants, not 5. Any thing taught; art ; science.
Art may be said to overcome and advance 17- layeth her eggs under sand, where the heat of ture in these mechanical disciplines, which, in the sun discloseth them.
Baton. this respect, are much to be preferred. Wilkins. 3. To reveal ; to tell; to impart what is 6. Punishinent; chastisement; correc- secret. tion.
There may be a reconciliation, except for A lively cobler kicked and spurred while his upbraiding, or pride, or disclosing of secrets, or wife was carrying him, and had scarce passed a a treacherous wound; for from these things day without giving her the discipline of the strap. every triend will depart.
Ecclus. Addison's Spectator.
If I disclose my passion, 7. External mortification.
Our friendship's at an end; if I conceal it, The love of God makes a man chaste without
The world will call me false. Addison's Cato. the laborious arts of fasting and exterior discie Disclo'sER. ". s. [from disclose.] One pline; he reaches at glory without ny other that reveals or discovers. arms but those o love.
Taylor. Disclo'sURE. n. s. [from disclose.) To DISCIPLINE. v. a. '[from the noun.] 1. Discovery; production into view. 1. To educate; to instruct; to bring up. The producing of cold is a thing very worthy
We are wise enough to begin when they are the inquisition, both for the use, and disclosure very young, and discipline by times, those other
Bacan. creatures we would make useful and good for 2. Act of revealing any thing secret. somewhat.
After so happy a marriage between the king They were with care prepared and disciplined and her daughter, she was, upon a sudden mutafor confirmation, which they could not arrive at bility and disclosure of the king's mind, severely till they were found, upon examination, to have handlei.
Bacoma made a sufficient progress in the knowledge of DisclU'SION. N. so [disclusus, Latin.]
christianity. Addison on the Christ. Religion. Enission. 2. To regulate; to keep in order.
Judge what a ridiculous thing it were, that They look to us, as we should judge of an the continued shadow of the earth should be army of well disciplined soldiers at a distance. broken by sudden miraculous eruptions and
Derbam's Astro-Theology. diselusions of light, to prevent the art of the 3. To punish; to correct; to chastise. lanthorn-maker.
More. 4. To advance by instruction.
DiscoLORA'TION. n. s. [from discolour.) The law appear'd imperfect, and but giv'n
s. The act of changing the colour; the With purpose to resign them in full time act of staining: Up to a better covenant, disciplin'd
2. Change of colour ; stain; die. From shadowy types to truch, from Alesh to In a depravation of the humours from a sound spirit.
state to what the physicians call by a general To DISCLA’IM. v. a. (dis and claim.) name of a cacochymy, spots and discolorations of To disown; to deny any knowledge To DISCOʻLOUR. v. a. (decoloro, Lat.)
the skin are signs of weak fibres. Arbusbonate of; to retract any union with; to abrogate; to renounce,
To change from the natural hue; to You cowardly rascal! nature disclaims all
stain. share in thee; a taylor made thee. Sbakspeare.
Many a widow's husband groveling lies,
Coldly embracing the discolour'd earth. Sbakspa Disclaims the war, asserts his innotence. Dryd.
Drink water, either pure, or but discoloured We find our Lord, on all occasions, disclaim
Temple ing all pretensions to a temporal kingdom.
Suspicions, and fantastical surmise,
Rogers. And jealousy, with jaundice in her eyes, Very few, among those who profess them- Discolouring all she view'd.
Dryden. selves christians, disclaim all concern for their
He who looks upon the soul through its outsouls, disown the authority, or renounce the
ward actions, sees it through a deceitful medium, expectations, of the gospel.
Spectator. Disclal'MER. n. s. [from disclaim.).
Have a care lest some beloved notion, or 1. One that disclaims, disowns, or re- some darling science, so prevail over your mind nounces.
as to discolour all your ideas.
Watta. 2. [In law.) A plea containing an ex- To DISCOʻMFIT. v.a. [desconfire, Fr. press denial or refusal.
Cowell. sconfiggere, Ital. as if from disconfigere, To Disclo'se, v. a. (discludo, Latin; Lat.) To defeat; to con: ler ; to vana dis and close.]
quish; to overpower; to subdue ; to s. To uncover; to produce from a state beat; to overthrow, of latitancy to open view.
Fight against that monstrous rebel, Cade, lo chis deep quiet, from what source un- Whom, since, I heard to be discomfited. known,
Skalspare. Those seeds of fire their fatal birth disclose;
Joshua discomfited Amalek and his people And first few scatt'ring sparks about were
with the edge of the sword.
He, fugitive, declin'd superior strength; Big with the flames that to our ruin rose. Discomfired, pursued, in the sad chace
Ten tousand ignominious fall.
Dryden. in pursuing rebels half disconfited through the
consciousness of their guilt," I shall improve the store included in them is thereby disclosed uiose victories to the good of my fellow suband set at liberty.
W coduri. jects. 2. To hatch; to open.
DiscoʻMFIT. n. s. [f:or the verb ) De. It is reported by the ancients, that the astrich teat; rout; overthrow.
My you must : incurable discom,st
so [from discom. Reigns in the hearts of all our present party.
mend.] One that discommends; a disDagon must stoop, and shall ere long receive
praiser. Such a discomfit, as shall quite despoil him
TO DISCOMMO'DE. v. a. [dis and comOf all these boasted trophies.
mode, Fr.] To put to inconvenience ;
Milton's Agonistes. to molest; to incommode. Disco’MFITURE. 1. s. [froni discomat. ] DISCOMMO'Dious. adj. [from discom
Defeat; loss of battle ; rout; ruin ; mode.] Inconvenient; troublesome ; overthrow.
unpleasing. Sad tidings bring I to you out of France,
So many thousand soldiers, unfit for any laOf loss, of slaughter, and discom
sture. Shaksp. bour, or other trade, must either seek service Behold every man's sword was against his and employment abroad, wtrich may be dangerfellow, and there was a very great discomfilure.
ous; or else employ themselves here at home, i Samuel
which may be distommodious. Spenser on Ireland. What a defeat and discomfiture is it to a man, DISCOMMO'DITY. n. s. [from discomvhen he comes to use this wealth, to find it all false metal. Government of the Tongue.
mode. ] Inconvenience; disadvantage ; He sent his angels to fight for his people; and
hurt; mischief. the discomfiture and slaughter of great hosts is We speak now of usury, how the discommodiattributed to their assistance. Atterbury.
ties of it may be best avoided, and the commoDisco'MFORT, n. s. [dis and comfort.]
dities retained : or how, in the balance of comUneasiness ; sorrow; melancholy ;
modities and discommodities, the qualities of gloom.
usury are to be reconciled.
It is better that a ship should be preserved This himself did foresee, and therefore armed
with some discommodity to the sailors, than that, his church, to the end they might sustain it without discomfort.
the sailors being in health, the ship should Hooker. perish.
Hayward Discomfort guides my tongue,
TO DISCOMPOʻSE. v. a. [déconipeser, And bids me speak of nothing but despair.
French.) In solitude there is not only discomfort, but 1. To disorder; to unsettle. weakness also.
Sout. The debate upon the self-denying ordnance To Discomfort. v.a. [from the noun.]
had raised many jealousies, and discomposed the To grieve; to sadden; to deject.
confidence that had formerly been between many of them.
Clarendon Her champion went away discomforted as much as discomtited.
2. To ruffle ; to disorder. His funeral shall not be in our camp,
Now Betty from her inaster's bed had flown, Lest it discomfort us.
Swift. Disco'MFORTABLE, adj. [from discom
3. To disturb the temper; 'to agitate by fort.). !
perturbation. 1. That is melancholy and refuses com
No more, dear mother: ill in death it shows, fort.
Your peace of mind by rage to discompose. Dogde Discomfortable cousin know'st thou not
4. To offend, to tret ; to vex. That when the searching eye of Heav’n is hid
Men, who possess all the advantages of life, Behind the globe, it lights the lower world? are in a state where there are many accidents to
disorder and discomfose, but few to please them. 1. That causes sadness. What! did that help poor Dorus, whose eyes
5. To displace; to discard. Not in use. could carry unto him no other news but discom
Though he was a dark prince, and infinitely fortable !
suspicious, he never put down or discomposed 3 TO DISCOMME'ND. V. a. [llis and coni
counsellor or near servant.
Bacom mend.] To blame; to censure ; to
DISCOMPO'sure.n.is. [from discompose.] mention with disapprobation.
Disorder ; perturbation. . Absolutely we cannot discommeml, we cannot
He threw himself upon his bed, lamenting absolutely approve, either willingness to live or
with much passion, and with abundance of tears; forwardness to die.
and continued in this melancholick discomposure Now will all be wits; and he, I pray,
of mind inany days. you
Clarendon. And you, that discommend it, mend the play. To DISCONCEʻRT. v.a. [dis and concert.]
Dcabam, 1. To unsettle the mind; to discompose. Neither do I discommend the lofty style in You need not provoke their spirits by out. tragedy, which is naturally pompous and mag- rages: a čareless gesture, a word, or a looky is nificent. Dryden. enough to discercart them.
Collier, DISCOMME'NDABLE, odj. [from discom- To break a scheme; to defeat a ma
mend.) Blamable; censurable ; deserv- chination, ing blame.
DISCONFORMITY, K. s. [dis and comforPusillanimity is, according to Aristotle's mo
mity.] Want of agreement; inconrality, a vice very discommendable. Ayliffe's Par. DI SCOMME'NDABLENESS. n. s. [from
Lyes arise from érrour and mistake, or malice discommendable.) Blamableness ; liable.
and forgery; they consist in the disagreement ness to censure.
and discenjoruity betwixt the speech and the DISCOMMENDATION. n. s. [fron disa conception of the mind, or the coneeption of the "commend.] Blame; reproach; censure.
mind and the things themselves, or the speech
and the things. Tully assigns three motives, whereby, without
Hakezuill or Providence. many discommendation, a man might be drawn to
DisconGRU'ITY.n.se [dis and congruig.) ibecome an accuser of others. Aylide's Par. Disagreeinent; inconsistency.
There is want of capacity in the thing, to famous church, wherein they live, were more sustain such a duration, from the intrinsical dis- noisome than any dungeon.
Hocker. congruity of the one to the other. Hale. The politick and artificial nourishing and en DiscoʻNSOLATE, adj. [dis and console.)
tertaining of hopes, and carrying men from Void of comfort; hopeless ;- sorrowful;
hopes to hopes, is one of the best antidotes
against the poison of discontentments. Bacok. melancholy. See Cassius all disconsolate,
DiscoNTI'NUANCE, 11. s. [trom distonWith Pindarus his bondman, on this hill.
1.' Want of cohesion of parts; want of If patiently thy bidding they obey,
union of one part with another ; disDismiss them not disconsolate. Milton. ruption
The ladies and the knights, no shelter nigh, The stillicides of water, if there be enough to Were dropping wet, disconsolate and wan, follow, will draw themselves into a small thread, And through their chin array receiv'd the rain. because they will not discontinue; but if there
Dryden. be no remedy, then they cast themselves into The moon reflects the sunbeams to us, and so, round drops, which is the figure that saveth the by illuminating the air, takes away in some body most from discontinvante.
Bacona measure the disconsolate darkness of our winter 2. Cessation ; intermission. nights.
Let us consider whether our approaches to Disco'NSOLATELY, adu. [from discon- him are sweet and refreshing, and if we are un
solate.] In a disconsolate manner; easy under any long discontinuance of our concomfortlessly.
versation with him.
Atterbury. Disco'NSOLATENESS, 17. s. [from dis. 3. [In the common law.] An interrupconsolate.] The state of being discon
tion or breaking off ; as discontinuance of solate.
possession, or discontinuance of process. DiscoNTE'NT. 1. s. [dis and content.)
The effect of discontinuance of possession Want of content; uneasiness at the
is, that a man may not enter upon his present state.
own land or tenement alienated, whatI see your brows full of discontent,
soever his right be unto it, or by his Your hearts of sorrow, and your eyes of tears. own authority; but must seek to re
Sbakspeate. cover possession by law. The effect of Not that their pleasures caus'd her discontent, discontinuance of plea is, that the inShe sigh’d, not that they stay'd, but that she went.
stance may not be taken up again, but DISCONTE'NT. adj. [dis and conteni.)
by a new writ to begin the suit afresh.
Cowell, Uneasy at the present state; dissatisfied.
DISCONTINUATION. 1. s. [from disconThey were of their own nature circumspect
finne ] Disruption of continuity; and slow, discountenanced and discontent; and
breach of union of parts; disruption ; those the earl singled as titrest for his purpose. separation.
Hayward. Upon any discontinuation of parts, made either To Disconte'nt. v.a. (from the noun:) by bubbles, or by shaking the glass, the whole To dissatisfy; tò make uneasy at the
Newton, present state.
To Discontinue. v. 1. (discontinuer, I know a discontented gentleman,
French.] Whose humble means match not his haighty 1. To lose the cohesion of parts; to suffer spirit.
Shakspeare. separation or disruption of substance. The discontented now are only they
All bodies, ductile and tensile, as metals, Whose crimes beiore did your just cause be- that will be drawn into wires; wool and tow, tray.
Dryden, that will be drawn into yarn, or thread; have in DISCONTE'NTED. participial adj. (trom them the appetite of not discontinuing strong, discontent.] Uneasy; cheerless; ma
which maketh them follow the force that pulieth levolent.
them out, and yet so as not to discontinue or forsake their own budy.
Bacon. Let us know What will tie up your discontented sword.
2. To lose an established or prescriptive Shakspeare.
custom or right. These are, beyond comparison, the two Thyself shalt discontinue from thine heritage greatest evils in this world; a diseased burty, that I gave thee, and I will catse thee to serve and a disconieated mind.
Jeremiab. The goddess, with a discontented air,
TO DISCONTI'NUE, v. a. Seems to reject him, tho' she grants his pray'r. 1. To leave offo; to cease any practice or
Popes babit. DISCONTÉ'NTEDNESS. n. s. [from dis
Twenty puny lyes I'll cell, contented.] Uneasiness; want of ease; That men shall swear I've discontinued school dissatisfaction.
Above a twelvemonth.
Sbakspeare. A beautiful bust of Alexander the Great
Examine thy customs of diet, sleep, exercise, Casts up his face to heaven with a noble air of
apparel, and the like; and try, in any thou grief, oz discontentedness, in his looks. Aldison,
shalt judge hurtful, to discontinue it by little and DisCONTE'NTMENT. n. s. (from discon
httle; but so, as if thou find any inconvenience
by the change, thoa come back to it again. tent.] The state of being discontented;
Bacon. . uneasiness.
2. To break off ; to interrupt. These are the vices that fill them with gene- There is that property, in all letters, of appral discontentment, as though the bosom os chat ness to be conjuined in syllabies and words,