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through the voluble motions of the organs from 2. Opposite ; contrarious.
one stop or figure to another, that they modify The discordant attraction of some wandering
md discriminate the voice, without appearing comets would certainly disorder the revolutions

to discontinue it. Holder's Elements of Sprecb. of the planets, if they approached too near them. DISCONTINU'ITY. n. s. [dis and conti

Cbegres nuity.) Disunity of parts ; want of

3. Incongruous; not conformable. cohesion.

Hither conscience is to be referred; if by a That discontinuity of parts is the principal cause comparison of things done with the rule there be of the opacity of bodies, will appear by consider

a consonancy, then follows the sentence of aping that opaque substances become transparent probation; if discordant from it, the sentence of by filling their pores with any substance of equal, condemnation. Hale's Origin of Mankind. or almost equal, density with their parts. Neret. Disco'RDANTLY.adv. [from discordant.) DISCONVE'NIENCE. n. s. [dis and convenience.] Incongruity; disagreement;

1. Inconsistently; in disagreement with

itself. opposition of nature.

2. In disagreement with another. Fear ariseth many times out of natural anti

Two strings of a musical instrument being pathies of nature; but, in these disconveniences of nature, deliberation hath no place at all.

struck together, making two noises that arrive Branball's Answer to Hobbes.

at the ear at the same time as to sense, yield a DI'SCORD. 7. s. [discordia, Latin.]

sound differing from either of them, and as it

were compounded of both; insomuch, that if 1. Disagreement ; opposition ; mutual

they be discordantly tuned, though each of anger; reciprocal oppugnancy.

them struck apart would yield a pleasing sound, See what a scourge is laid upon your hate, yet being struck together they make a harsh and Theat heav'n finds means to kill your joys with troublesome noise.

Boyle. love! And I, for winking at your discords too,

3: Peevishly; in a contradictious manner. Have lost a brace of kinsmen. Sbakspeare:

To Discoʻver. v. a. [découvrir, Fr. He is a false witness that speaketh lies, and

dis and cover.]
that soweth discord among brethren. Proverbs. 1. To show; to disclose ; to bring to
2. Difference or contrariety of qualities, light; to make visible.
particularly of sounds.

2. To expose to view.
Take but degree away, untune that string, The cover of the coach was made with such
And hark what discord follows; each thing meets joints, that as they might, to avoid the weather,
In mere oppugnancy.

pull it up close, so they might put each end Discord, like that of music's various parts, down, and remain as discovered and open-sighted Discord that makes the harmony of hearts; as on horseback.

Discord, that only this dispute shall bring,

Go draw aside the curtains and discover
Who best shall love the duke and serve the The several caskets to this noble prince.

All nature is but art unknown to thee;

He discovereth deep things out of darkness, and All chance, direction which thou canst not see; bringeth out to light the shadow of death. Job. All discord, harmony not understood;

3. To show; not to shelter; to expose. All partial evil, universal good.


And now will I discover her lewdness. `Hosea. 3. [In music.) Sounds not of themselves

Law can discover sin, but not remove. Milton. pleasing, but necessary to be mixed

4. To make known; not to disguise; to with others.

reveal. It is sound alone that doth immediately and incorporeally affect most; this is most mamfest

We will pass over unto those men, and we will discover ourselves unto them.

Isaiub. in music, and concords and discords in music :

Eve, who unseen, for all sounds, whether they be sharp or flat, if they be sweet, have a roundness and equality;

Yet all had heard, with audible lament and if they be harsh, are unequal : for a discord

Discover'd from the place of her retire. Milton. itself is but a harshness of divers sounds meet

5. To ken; to espy. ing.


When we had discovered Cyprus, we left it It is the lark that sings so out of

on the left hand.

Ads. tune, Straining harsh discords and unpleasing sharps.

6. To find out; to obtain information. Shakspeare.

He shall never, by any alteration in me, disHow doth music amaze us, when of discords cover my knowledge of his mistake. Pope's Lett. she maketh the sweetest harmony! Peacham,

7. To detect; to find though concealed. To DiscoʻRD. v. n. (discordo, Latin.)

Up he starts, To disagree; not to suit with.

Discover'd and surpris'd.

Milton. Sounds do disturb and alter the one the

Man with strength and free will arm'd other; sometimes the one drowning the other,

Complete, to have discover'd and repuls'd and making it not heard ; sometimes the one

Whatever wiles of foe or seeming friend. jarring and discording with the other, and making 8. To find things or places not known a confusion.


.. s. [from discord.] DiscoʻRDANCY.) Disagreement; op

Some to discover islands far away.

Sbaksp. position ; inconsistency.

Another part in squadrons bend their march

On bold adventure, to discover wide DiscoʻRDANT, adj. [discordans, Latin.]

That dismal world.

Milton 1. Inconsistent; at variance with itself. So of things. The Germans disco.

Myrrha was joy'd the welcome news to hear, vered printing and gunpowder.
But, clogg'd with guilt, the joy was unsincere; 9. To exhibit to the view.
So various, so discordant is the mind,
That in our will a different will we find. Dryde

Some high climbing hill,
Which to his eye discovers unaware

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able by reason.

before ; a finder out.

He came,

be cast out.

The goodly prospect of some foreign land, But him that palmer from that vanity,
First seen, or some renown'd metropolis

With temperate advice discounsellod. Spenser.
With glist'ring spires and battlements adorn'd. Di'sCOUNT. n. s. [dis and count.] . The


sum refunded in a bargain. Not light, but rather darkness visible,

His whole intention was, to buy a certain Serv'd only to discover sights of woe. Milton. Disco'VERABLE. adj. [from discover.)

quantity of copper money from Wood, at a

large discount, and sell them as well as he could. 1. That may be found out.

Swift. That mineral matter, which is so intermixed To Discou'NT. v. a. [from the noun) with the common and terrestrial matter, as not To count back; to pay back again. to be discoverable by human industry; or, if disserable, diffused and scattered amongst the

My father's, mother's, brother's death I

pardon : crasser inatter, can never be separated.

My prayers and penance shall discount for these,
Woodward's Natural History.
Revelation may assert two things to be joined,

And beg of heaven to charge the bill on me.

Dryden. whose connection or agreement is not discover- The farmers, spitefully combin'd,


Force him to take his tithes in kind; 2. Apparent ; exposed to view.

And Parvisol discounts arrears They were deceived by Satan, and that not in By bills for taxes and repairs. Swift. an invisible situation, but in an open and discom To DiscoU'NTENANCE: 3. a. (dis and serable apparition, that is, in the form of a serpent. Brown's Vu'gar Errours.

countenance. ] It is concluded by astronomers, that the at

1. To discourage by cold treatment. mosphere of the moon hath no clouds nor rains,

Unwilling they were to discountenance any man but a perpetual and uniform serenity; because

who was willing to serve them. Clarendon. nothing discoverable in the lunar surface is ever

The truly upright judge will always councovered and absconded by the interposition of

tenance right, and discountenance wrong. Aitcri. any clouds or mists. Discoʻver. n. s. [from discover. ]

Bentley. 2. To abash; to put to shame.

Wisdom, in discourse with her, 1. One that finds any thing not known

Loses discountenanc'd, and like folly shews.

Milton. If more be found out, they will not recom

and with him Eve, more loth, tho'

first pense the discoverer's pains, but will be fitter to To offend; discountenanc'd both and discompos'd. Holder.

Miltor. Places receive appellations, according to the language of the discoverer, from observations

How would one look from his majestic brow,

Seated as on the top of virtue's hill,

The Cape of Good Hope was doubled in those

Discount’nance her despis’d!

Milton. early times; and the Portuguese were not the Discou’NTENANCE. n. s. [dis and coun:

Arbutbrot. An old maiden gentlewoman is the greatest

tenance.] Cold treatment; unfavourdiscoverer of judgments; she can tell you what

able aspect; unfriendly regard. sin it was that set such a man's house on fire.

He thought a little discounte ance upon those

persons would suppress that spirit. Clarendon. 2. A scout; one who is put to descry Addison's Spectator.

All accidental misfortunes, how inevitable soever, were still attended with very apparent discountenance.


In expectation of the hour of judgment, he Here stand, my lords, and send discoverers

patiently bears all the difficulties of duty, and the discountance he meets with from a wicked and prophane world.

Rogers. Discou’NTENANCER. 1. s. (from disa

countenance.] One that discourages by

cold treatment; one that depresses by none more fame have unfriendly regard. Beyond the year, and out of heaven's high

Rumours of scandal, and murmurs against the king, and his government, taxed him for a great taxer of his people, and discountenancer of his nobility.

Bacon. Dryder. TO DISCOU'RAGE. v.a. [décourager,

French; dis and courage.] 1. To depress; to deprive of confidence ; to deject; to dastardise.

I might neither encourage the rebels insolence, nor discourage the protestants loyalty and patience.

King Charles. The apostle with great zeal discourages too wrreasonable a presumption.

Rogert. Soutb. 2. To deter; to fright from any attempt :

with from before the thing.

Wherefore discourage ye the heart of the chilSwift. dren of Israel from going over into the land?


made upon the people.

first discoverers of that navigation.

the posture or number of an enemy i speculator.

forth, To know the numbers of our enemies. Sbaksp. DiscoʻVERY. n.s. [from discover.) 1. The act of finding any thing hidden.

Of all who since have usd the open sea, Than the bold English



They made discoveries where they see no sun. 2. The act of revealing or disclosing any What

, must I hold a candle to my shame?


They in themselves, good sooth, are too, too


this world, appear of a different odious hue in

Why 'tis an office of discovery, love,
And I should be obscur'd.

Sbakspeare. Things that appeared amiable by the light of the clear discoveries of the next.

It would be necessary to say something of the state to which the war hath reduced us, such a discovery

, ought to be made as late as possible.

To Disco'UNSEL. V. a. [dis and counsel.) 3. It is irregularly used by Temple with To dissuade ; to give contrary advice.

You may keep your beauty and your health,




to before the following word.



unless you destroy them yourself, or discourage Discourse, I prythee, on this turret's topthem to stay with you, by using them ill.

Sbakspeare. Temple. Of various things discoursing as he passed, DISCOU'RAGER. 1. s. [from discourage.] Anchises hither bends.

Dryden. One that impresses diffidence and ter- 2. To treat upon in a solemn or set rour.

manner. Mcst men in years, as they are generally The general maxims we are discoursing of are discouragers of youth, are like old trees, which, not known to children, ideots, and a great part being pase bearing themselves, will suffer of mankind.

Locke. young plants to Aourish beneath them.

Pope. 3. To reason ; to pass from premises to Discou'RAGEMENT. 1. S. (from discou- consequences. rage.]

And yet the pow'rs of her discoursing thoughts, 1. The act of deterring, or depressing From the collection is a diverse thing. Davies. hope,

Brutes do want that quick discoursing power,

Daviesa 2. Deternient; that which deters from To Discou’rse. via. [from the noun.) any thing : with from.

To treat of; to talk over ; to discuss. Amongst other impediments of any inventions, it is none of the meanest discouragements,

Go with us into the abbey here, that they are so generally derided by common

And let us there at large discourse all our for

Sbakspearea opinion.

Wilkins, The books read at schools and colleges are

DiscOU'RSER. n. s. (from discourse.] full of incitements to virtue, aud discourage

1. A speaker ; a haranguer. Wents from vice.


The tract of every thing, 3. The cause of depression, or fear: with Would by a good discourser lose some life, to, less properly

Which action's self was tongue to.

Sbaksp. To things we would have them learn, the 2. A writer on any subject; a dissertator. great and only discouragement is, that they are

Philologers and critical discoursers, who look called to them.


beyond the obvious exteriors of things, will not DISCOU'RSE. n. s. [discours, French ; be angry at our narrower explorations. Brown. discursus, Latin.]

But it seems to me, that such discoursers do 1. The act of the understanding, by

reason upon short views, and a very moderate compass of thought.

Swift. which it passes from premises to con- Discou'RSIVE. adj. [from discourse.] sequences.

1. Passing by intermediate steps from By reason of that original weakness in the instruments, without which the understanding

premises to consequences.

The soul part is not able in this world by discourse to work, the very conceit of painfulness is a bridle

Reason receives, and reason is her being, to stay us.


Discoursive, or intuitive; discourse Sure he that made us with such large discourse,

is oftest yours, the latter is most ours. Milten. Looking before and after, gave us not

Containing dialogue ; interlocutory: That capability and godlike reason

The epic is every where interlaced with diaToʻrest in us unus'd.

logue, or discoursive scenes.

Dryden. The act of the mind which connects propo- Discou'RTEOUS. adj. [dis and courteous.] tions, and deduceth conclusions from them, the Uncivil; uncomplaisant; defective in schools call discourse; and we shall not miscall it, if we name it reason.

good manners.

Glenville, 2. Conversation ; mutual intercourse of

He resolved to unhorse the first discourteous knight he should meet.

Morteux's Don Quix. language; talk.

Discou'RTESY, n. s. [dis and courtesy.] He waxeth wiser than himself, more by an hour's discourse than by a day's meditation.

Incivility; rudeness ; act of disrespect, Bacon.

As if chearfulness had been tediousness, and In thy discourse, if thou desire to please,

good entertainment had been turned to discourAll such is courteous, useful, new, or witty;

tesy, he would ever get himself alone. Usefulness comes by labour, wit by ease,

Be calm in arguing; for fierceness makes Courtesy grows in court, news in the city.

Error a fault, and truth discourtesy.

He made me visits, maundering as if I had The vanquish'd party with the victors join'd,

done him a discourtesy.

Wiseman, Nor wanted sweet discourse, the banquet of the Discou'R'TEOUSLY. adv. [from discourmind.

Dryden. tecus.] Uncivilly; rudely. 3. Effusion of language; speech. Di’scous. adj. (from discus, Latin.)

Topical and superficial arguments, of which there is store to be found on both sides, filling

Broad ; Hat; wide. Used by botanists the head with variety of thoughts, and the mouth

to denote the middle, plain, and fat with copious discourse, serve only to amuse the part of some flowers, such as the fios understanding and entertain company. Locke. solis, &c.

Quincy. 4. A treatise; a dissertation either writ. DISCREDIT.

[décrediter, Fr.) ten or uttered.

Ignominy ; reproach ; lower degree of The discourse here is about ideas, which, he infamy ; disgrace ; imputation of 3 says, are real things, and seen in God

Locke. fault. Plutarch, in his discourse upon garrulity, com- Had I been the finder-out of this secret, it mends the fidelity of the companions of Ulysses.

Pope's Odyssey.

would not have relished among my other disa

cruits. TO DISCOU'RSE. v. n. [from the noun.]


Idlers will ever live like rogues, and not fall to 1, To converse; to talk ; to relate.

work, but be lazy, and then certify over their How wert thou handled, being prisoner? country to the discredit of a plantation, Bacon





That they may quit their morals without any DI'SCRÉPANCE. n. s. [discrepantia, discredit to their intellectuals, they fy to se- Latin.] Difference; contrariety; disveral stale, crite, pitiful objections and cavils.


agreement. Tis the duty of every christian to be con

Diversity of education, and discrepanty of

those principles wherewith men are at first imcerned for the reputation or discredit his life

bued, and wherein all our after reasonings are may bring on his profession.

Rogers. founded.

Lord Digby to K. Digby. Alas! the small discredit of a bribe Scarce hurts the lawyer, but undoes the scribe. Di'SCREPANT. adj. [discrepans, Latin.]

Pope. Different; disagreeing; contrary, TO DISCRE'DIT. v.a. [décrediter, Fr.] To Discré'te. v. a. (discretus, Lat.] 1. To deprive of credibility; to make To separate ; to discontinue: not trusted.

As for its diaphaneity, it enjoyeth that most He had framed to himself many deceiving pro- eminently; as having its earthly and salinous mises of life, which I have discredited to him, parts so exactly resolved, that its body is left

and now is he resolved to die. Sbakspeare. imporous, and not discreted by atomical termi2. To disgrace; to bring reproach upon ;

Brown, to shame; to make less reputable or

Discrete. adj. [discretus, Lat.) honourable.

1. Distinct; disjoined; not continuous. You had left unseen a wonderful piece of

Discrete quantity, or different individuals, are work, which not to have been blest withal, would

measured by number, without any breaking conhave discredited you.


tinuity; that is, in things that have continuity, He is commended that makes a saving voyage,

as continued quantity and motion. Hale. and least discredits his travels, who returns the 2. Disjunctive: as, I resign my life, but same man he went.

W osłon. not my bonour, is a discrete proposition. He, like a privileg'd spy, whom nothing can

3. Discrete Proportion is, when the ratio Discredit, libels now 'gainst each great man.


between two pairs of numbers or quanReflect how glorious it would be to appear in

tities is the same ; but there is not the countenance of discredited duty, and by example same proportion between all the four : of piety revive the declining spirit of religion. thus, 6 : 8:: 3:4

Harris, Rogers. Discretion, n. s. (from discretio, Lat.) Without care our best actions will lose much

1. Prudence; knowledge to govern or of their influence, and our virtues will be often discredited with the appearance of evil. Rogers.

direct one's self; skill; wise manage

ment. 3. To distrust; not to credit; not to hold

Nothing then was further thought upon for certain. DISCREPET. adj. (discret, French.)

the manner of governing; but all permitted unto

their wisdom and discretion which were to rule. 3. Prudent; circunspect; cautious;

Hooker. sober; not rash; not precipitant; not A knife may be taken away from a child, careless; not hardly adventurous.

without depriving them of the benefits thereof Honest, discreet, quiet, and godly learned

which have years and discretion to use it. men, will not be with-drawn by you. Wbitgift.

Hooker. Less fearfal than discreet,

It is not good that children should know any You love the fundamental part of state,

wickedness: old folks have discretion, and know

the world. More than you doubt the charge of 't. 'Sbaksp.

Sbakspeare, To elder years to be discreet and grave,

All this was order'd by the good discretion Then to old age maturity she gave.


Of the right reverend cardinal of York. Sbaksp. It is the discreet man, not the witty, nor the

The pleasure of commanding our passions is learned, nor the brave, who guides the conver

to be preferred before any sensual pleasure; besation, and gives measures to society:

cause it is the pleasure of wisdom and discretion. Addison's Spectator.

Tillotson. 2. Modest ; not forward. Not well au.

But care in poetry must still be had,

It asks discretion ev’n in running mad. thorized.

There is no talent so useful towards rising in Dear youth, by fortune favour'd, but by love, the world, or which puts men more out of the Alas! not favour'd less, be still as now

reach of fortune, than discretion, a species of Discreet. Thomson. lower prudence.

Swift. DISCREE'TLY.adv. (from discreet. ] Pru

2. Liberty of acting at pleasure ; unconcently ; cautiously ; circumspectly. trolled and unconditional power : as, Poets lose half the praise they should have

he surrenders at discretion ; that is, withgot, Could i be known what they discreetly blot.

out stipulation. Waller

. DISCRETIONARY.alj: [from discretion.] The labour of obedience, loyalty, and subjec, Left at large ; unlimited ; unretion, is no more but for a man honestly and dis- strained.] wietly to sit still.

Soutb. A deacon may have a dispensation for enterProfit springs from husks discreetly us’d.

ing into orders before he is twenty-three years

The dullest brain, if gently stirr’d,

of age; and it is discretionary in the bishop to

admit him to that order at what time he thinks Perhaps may waken to a humming bird;


Ayliffe's Parergon. The most recluse, discreetly open'd, find

The major being a person of consummate Congenial object in the cockle kind.

experience, was invested with a discretionary DISCREE'TNESS. n. s. [from discreet. ] power.

Tatler. The quality of being discreet; discie. Discretive. adj. [discretus, Latin.) tion,

1. [In logick.] Discretive propositions



áre 'such wlierein various, and seem. The only standing test, and discriminative ingly opposite, judgments are made,

characteristick, of any metal or mineral, muse

be sought for in the constituent matter of it. 'wliose variety or distinction is noted

Woodward. by the particles but, though, yet, &c. as,

2. That observes distinction. fravellers may change their climate, but Discriminative Providence knew before the not their temper; Job was patient, though nature and course of all things.

More. bis grief was great.

Watts. Discri’MINOUS. adj. (from discrimen, 2. [in grammar.] Discretive distinctions Latin.] Dangerous; hazardous. Not are such as imply opposition : as, not

usual. a man, but a beast.

Any kind of spitting of blood imports a very DiscrIMINALBE. adj. [from discrimi

discriminous state, unless it happens upon the

gaping of a vein opened by a plethory. Harvey. nate.) Distinguishable by outward marks or tokens.


1. adj. [discubitorius, Lat.] TO DISCRIMINATE. v. a. [discri

Fitted to the posture of leaning. mino, Latin.]

After bathing they retired to bed, and re

freshed themselves with a repast; and so that 1. To mark with notes of difference; custom, by degrees, changed their cubiculary

to distinguish by certain tokens from beds into discubitory. Brown's Vulgar Errors: another.

Discu’MBENCY: n. s. [discumbens, Lat.] Oysters and cockles and muscles, which move The act of leaning at meat, after the not, have no discriminate sex.

ancient manner. Bacon's Nat. Hist.

The Greeks and Romans used the custom of There are three sorts of it, differing in fine

discumbency at meals, which was upon their left ness from each other, and discriminated by the side; for so their right hand was free and ready natives by three peculiar names. Boyle.

for all service. Brown's Vulgar Errouri. The right hand is discriminated from the left To DISCU’MBER. v. a. [dis and cumber.] by a natural, necessary, and never to be confounded distinction.


To disengage from any troublesome Although the features of his countenance be weight; to disengage from impediment. no reason of obedience, yet they may serve to His limbs discumber of the clinging vest, discriminate him from any other person, whom He binds the sacred cincture round his breast. she is not to obey.


Pope's Odyssey There may be ways of discriminating the TO DISCU'RE. v. a. [decouvrir, French.) voice; as by acuteness and gravity, the several

To discover; to reveal. A word perdegrees of rising and falling from one tone or

Holder. note to another.

haps peculiar to Spenser.

I will, if please you it discuri, assay. 2. To select or separate from others. You owe little less for what you are not, than

To ease you of that ill.

Fairy Queen for what you are, to that discriminating mercy,

DISCU'RSIVE. adj. [discursif, Fr, from to which alone you owe your exemption from

discurro, Latin.) miseries.

Boyle. 1. Moving here and there ; roving; deDiscRI'MINATENESS. n. s. [from discri- sultory: minate.] Distinctness; inarked dif

Some noises help sleep; as the blowing of the ference.


wind, and the trickling of water : they move a

gentle attention ; and whatsoever moveth atDISCRIMINA’TION. 1. s. (from discri.

tention, without too much labour, stilleth the natio, Latin.)

natural and discursive motion of the spirits. 1. The state of being distinguished from

Bacon. other persons or things.

2. Proceeding by regular gradation from There is a reverence to be shewed them on premises to consequences; argumentathe account of their discrimination from other tive. This is sometimes, perhaps not places, and separation for sacred uses. Stillinf.

improperly, written discoursive. ) 2. The act of distinguishing one from There is a sanctity of soul and body, of more another; distinction; difference put. efficacy for the receiving of divine truths, than A satire should expose nathing but what is

the greatest pretences to discursive demonstracorrigible ; and make a due discrimination be


More's Divine Dialogues. tween thosethat are, and those who are not, the

There hath been much dispute touching the proper objects of it.

Addison's Spectator.

knowledge of brutes, whether they have a kind By that prudent discrimination made between

of discursive faculty, which some call reason. the offenders of different degrees, he obliges

Hale's Origin of Mankind. · those whom he has distinguished as objects of DISCU'RSIVELY. adv. [from discursive.] mercy.

Addison's Frecbolder. By due gradation of argument. 3. The marks of distinction.

We have a principle within, whereby we Take heed of aberting any factions or apply

think, and we know we think ; whereby we do ing any publick discriminations in matters of re- discursively, and by way of ratiocination, deduce ligion. King Charles. one thing from another.

Hale, Letters arise from the first original discrimi- Discu'r SOR Y. adj. [discursor, Lat.] Arnations of voice, by way of articulation, whereby the car is able to judge and observe the dif- DISCUS. n. s. [Latin.). A quoit;, a

gumental ; rational. ferences of vocal sounds.

Holder. Discri’MINATIVE. adj. [from discrimi

heavy piece of iron thrown in the nate.]

ancient sports,

From Elatreus' strong arm the discus flies, 1. That makes the mirk of distinction

រ And sings with unmatch'd force along the skes. characteristical.


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