« ForrigeFortsett »
n. s. (from the
Sickness; morbidness; the state of Muse, stoop thy disenchanted wing to truth.
Denban. being diseased. This is a restoration to some former state:
Haste to thy work; a noble stroke or two not that state of indigency and diseasedness.
Ends all the charms, and discncbants the grove. Burnet.
Dryden. Dise'dged. adj. [dis and edge.] Blunt To DISENCU'MBER. v.a. [dis and ened; obtunded ; dulled.
1. To discharge from encumbrances; to
Sbakspeare. It will need the actual intention, the particu-
lar stress and application of the whole soul, to To carry to land.
disencurxber and set it free, to scour off its rust, I must unto the road, to disembark
and remove those hindrances which would otherSome necessaries.
Shakspeare. wise clog and check the freedom of its operaTo DISEMBA'RK. U. n.
The disencumber'd soul
Flew off, and left behind the clouds and starry
Dryden. To DISEMBI'TTER. v. a. [lis and em
Dreains look like the amusements of the soul,
when she is disencumber'd of her machine; her bitter.) To sweeten; to free from bitterness; to clear from acrimony:
sports and recreations, when she has laid her charge asleep.
Spectator. an unusual word.
2. To free from obstruction of
kind. Encourage such innocent amusements as may Dim night had disencumber'd heav'n. Miltor. disembitter the minds of men, and make them The church of St. Justina, designed by Palmutually rejoice in the same agreeable satisiac ladio, is the most handsome, luminous, disentions.
cumbered building in the inside, that I have ever DISEMBOʻDIED. adj. (dis and embodied.]
Addison on Italy. Divested of the body.
DISENCU’MBRANCE. To DISEMBOʻgue. v.a. [disemboucher, verb.] Freedom from encumbrance old French. Skinner.] To pour out at
and obstruction. the mouth of a river; to vent,
There are many who make a figure below Rivers
what their fortune or merit entitles them to, out In ample oceans disembagu’d, or lost. Dryden. of mere choice, and an elegant desire of ease Rolling down the steep Timavus raves,
Spectator. And through nine channels disembogues his To Disengaʼge. v.a. [dis and engage.)
Addison. 1. To separate from any thing with which TO DISEMBOʻGUE. V. n. To gain a vent;
it is in union. to flow.
Some others, being very light, would fioze By, eminences placed up and down the globe, up and down a good while, before they could the rivers make innumerable turnings and wind wholly disengage themselves and descend. ings, and at last disembogue in several mouths into
Burnet's Theory: the sea.
2. To disentangle ; to clear from impeDISEMBO'Wellen. participial adj. (dis diments or difficulties.
and embowel.] Taken from out the From civil broils he did us disengoge ;
Found nobler objects for our martial rage,
In the next paragraph, I found my author
pretty well disengaged from quotations. To DISEMBRO'll. v.a. [debouiller, Fr.) 3. To withdraw, applied to the affection ;
to wean ; to abstract the mind.
It is requisite that we should acquaint ourdriv'n,
selves with God, that we should frequently disAnd grosser air sunk from etherial heav'n;
engage our hearts from earthly pursuits. Thus disembroild, they take their proper place. The consideration that should disengage our
fondness from worldly things, is, that they are cleared of all those incoherences and indepen
uncertain in their foundation; fading, transient, dent matters that are woven into this motley 4. To free from any powerful detention.
and corruptible in their nature.
When our mind's eyes are disengag’d and free,
They clearer, farther, and distinctly see.
To Disengaʻge. v. n. To set one's self insufferable evil, through the change of the free from ; to withdraw one's affectimes, has wholly disenabled me.
Dryden. tions from.
Providence gives us notice, by sensible declen
sions, that we may disengage from the world by ment; to deliver from the power of charms or spells.
DISENGA'GED. participial adj. [from disAlas! let your own brain disencbant you. engage.]
Sidrey. 1. Disjoined ; disentangled.
Collier on 7 Peugbi.
2. Vacant; at leisure; not fixed down to To DisesTe'em. v. a. (from the noun.] any particular object of attention.
To regard slightly; to consider with a 3. Released from obligation.
slight degree of contempt.
Should Mars sec 't,
That horrid hurrier of men, or she that betters
him, cuity of attention; freedom from any
Minerva, never so incens’d, they could not disa pressing business; disjunction.
Chapman. DISENGAGEMENT.n.s. (from disengage.] But in this sacred gift your disesteem, 1. Release from any engagement, or obli. Then cruel plagues shall fall on Priam's state.
Denbam. gation, 2. Freedom of attention ; vacancy.
I would not be thought to disesteem or diso To DisentA'NGLE. v. a. [dis and en
suade the study of nature.
DISESTIMA'TION. n. s. (dis and estimatio, 1. To unfold or loose the parts of any
Lat.) Disrespect; disesteem. Dict, thing interwoven with one another.
Disfa’vour, n. s. (dis and favour.) Though in concretions particles so entangle
1. Discountenance; unpropitious regard ; one another, that they cannot in a short time unfavourable aspect; unfavourable circlear themselves, yet they do incessantly strive cumstance.
to disentangle themselves, and get away. Boyle. 2. To set free from impediments; to dis
2. A state of ungraciousness or unaccept
ableness; a state in which one is not embroil; to clear from perplexity or favoured. difficulty
While free from sacrilege, he was at peace, as Till they could find some expedient to expli it were, with God and man; but after his sacricate and disentangle themselves out of this labyrinth, they made no advance towards supplying
lege he was in disfavour with both. Spelman.
Dict. Clarendon. 3: Want of beauty. The welfare of their souls requires a better To DISFA'vour. v. a. (from the noun.] judgment than their own, either to guide them To discountenance ; to withhold or in their duty, or to disentangle them from a withdraw kindness. temptation.
Might not those of higher rank, and nearer ac3. To disengage ; to separate.
cess to her majesty, receive her own commands, Neither can God himself be otherwise under and be countenanced or disfavoured according as stood by us than as a mind free and disentangled they obey?
Swift. from all corporeal mixtures.
Stilling fleet. Disfa'vourer. n. s. [from disfavour.]
Discountenancer ; not a favourer.
It was verily thought, that had it not been
for four great disfavourers of that voyage, the enThough the blindness of some fanaticks have
terprize had succeeded.
Bacon. savaged on the bodies of the dead, and have been DISFIGURA’TION, n. s. [from disfigure.) So injurious unto worms as to disenterre the bodies of the deceased, yet had they therein no
1. The act of disfiguring, design upon the soul.
2. The state of being disfigured.
Brown, To Disenthra’l. v.a. [dis and enthral.] 4. DISFIGURE. v. a. (dis and figure.} To set free; to restore to liberty ; to
To change any thing to a worse form ; But God my soul shall disenthral;
to deform ; to mangle,
You are but as a form in wax
By him imprinted, and within his power,
To leave the figure, or disfigure it. Sbakspeare. that falsity, and thereby disentbral themselves.
In this the antique and well-noted face
Abject is their punishment,
Disfiguring not God's likeness, but their own,
Or, if his likeness, by themselves defac'd. Milt.
Uriel, on the Assyrian mount,
A nose flatter, or a mouth wider, could have consisted, as well as the rest of his figure, with such a soul and such parts as made him, disfigurid as he was, capable to be a dignitary in the church.
Nor would his slaughter'd army now have
lain On Africk's sands, disfigurd with their wounds, To gorge the wolves and vultures of Numidia.
Addison's Cato, Milton. His long absence, and travels which had disfigur'd him, made him alogether unknown.
Brome on Epic Poetry, DispIGUREMENT. N. s. [from disfigure.]
Defacement of beauty ; change of a
better form to a worse. Locker The disfigurement that travel or sickness has
rescue from slavery:
throne.] To depose from sovereignty ;
if war be best; or to regain
trance). To awaken from a trance, or
Ralpho, by this time disentranc'd,
Such was the rage
bestowed upon him, is not thought great by the 4. Cause of shame. lady of the isle.
Suckling. And is it not a foul disgrace, And they, so perfect in their misery,
To lose the boltsprit of thy face? B.zynard. Not once perceive their foul disfigurement. And he whose afluence disdain'd a place,
Milton. Brib'd by a title, makes it a disgrace. Brown. To DisFoʻREST. v. a. [dis and forest.] To Disgra'ce. v.a. [from the noun.}
To reduce land from the privileges of 1. To bring a reproach upon ; to dis
a forest to the state of common land. honour, as an agent. TO DISFRANCHISE. v. a. (dis and fran We may not so in any one special kind ad
chise.). To deprive of privileges or im mire her, that we disgrace her in any other; but munities.
let all her ways be according unto their place DISFRANCHISEMENT. n. s. [from dis
and degree adored.
Men's passions will carry them far in misrefranchise.] The act of depriving of
presenting an opinion which they have a mind privileges.
Burnet. To DISFU'RNISH. v. a. (dis and furnish.] 2. To bring to shame, as a cause : as, his To deprive ; to unfurnish; to strip. ignorance disgraced bims.
My riches are these poor habiliments, 3. To put out of favour: as, the minister Of which, if you should here disfurnisb me, was disgraced. You take the sum and substance that I have.
DISGR A'CEFUL. adj. [disgrace and full.] He durst not disfurnish that country either of
Shameful; ignominious; reproachful ; so great a commander, or of the wonted garrisons. procuring shame.
Knolles' History. Masters must correct their servants with genT. DISGA'RNISH. v. a. [dis and garnish.] tleness, prudence, and mercy; not with up1. To strip of ornaments.
Dict. braiding and disgraceful language, but with such 2. To take guns from a fortress.
only as may express and reprove the fault, and
amend the person. To DISGLO'RIFY. v.a. [dis and glorify.]
Taylor's Holy Living.
To retire behind their chariots, was as little To deprive of glory ; to treat with disgracefil then, as it is now to alight from one's indignity.
horse in a battle.
Pope. So Dagon shall be magnified, and God, Disgra'CEFULLY. adv. [from disgraceBesides whom is no god, compar'd with idols,
ful.]. In disgrace ; with indignity ; igDisglorified, blasphem'd, and had in scorn.
Milton. To Disgo'rge. v.a. [degorger, Fr. from
The senate have cast you forth
Disgracefully, to be the common tale gorge, the throat. )
Of the whole city.
Ben Jonsora 1. To discharge by the mouth; to spew DisgrA'CEFULNESS. n. s. [from disgraceout; to vomit. So, so, thou common dog, didst thou disgorge DiSGRA CER. n. s. [from disgrace.] One
ful.] Ignominy. Thy glutton bosom of the royal Richard ? And now thou wouldst eat thy dead vomit up.
that exposes to shame; one that causes Shakspeare.
ignominy. From the distant shore they loudly laught, I have given good advice to those infamous To see his heaving breast disgorge the briny disgracers of the sex and calling.
Dryden. Disgracious. adj. [dis and gracious.] 2. To pour out with violence.
I do suspect I have done some offence,
That seems disgracious in the city's eye. Shaksp; Shakspeare.
To Disguise. v. a. [deguiser, Fr. dis and The deep-drawing barks do there disgorge
guise. ] Their warlike fraughtage. Sbakspeare.
1. To conceal by an unusual dress. They move along the banks
How might we disguise him? Of four infernal rivers, that disgorge
-Alas! I know not: there is no woman's Into the burning lake their baletul streams. gown big enough for him.
Disguis'd he came; but those his children Countries much annoyed with earthquakes,
dear have volcanoes; and these are constantly all in Their parent soon discern'd through his disguise. fames whenever any earthquake happens; they
Milton. disgorging that fire which was the cause of the 2. To hide by a counterfeit disaster. Derbam.
appearance ; Disgra'CE. ". s. [disgrace, Fr.]
to cloak by a false show : as, he disguised his
anger. 1. State of being out of favour. 2. State of ignominy; dishonour; state of
3. To disfigure; to change the form.
They saw the faces, which too well they shame.
knew, Like a dull actor, now
Though then disguis’d in death, and smear'd all I have forgot my part, and I am out
o'er Even to a full disgrace.
Shaksp. With filth obscene, and dropping putrid gore, Poetry, howsoever censured, is not fallen
Dryden. from the higliest stage of honour to the lowest
More duteous at her call, stair of disgrace.
Peacham, Than at Circean call the herd disguis’d. Miltun. 3. Act of unkindness. Obsolete.
Ulysses wakes, not knowing the place where To such bondage he was for so many courses he was; because Minerva made all things aptied by her, whose disgreces to him were graced pear in a disguised view.
Pope by her excellence.
Sidney. 4. To deform by liquor ; a low term.
almost Antickt us.
heal the disguisement.
swer jobbers, is, that they have no conscience. Disgu'STFUL. adj. [disgust and full.]
I have just left the right worshipful, and his 1. A broad wide vessel, in which food is myrmidons, about a sneaker of five gallons; the
served up at the table. whole magistracy was pretty well disguised be
Of these he murders one; he boils the fresh, fare I gave them the slip. Spectator.
And lays the mangled mortals in a disb. Dryd. DISGU'ISE. 2. 5. (from the verb.j
I saw among the ruins an old heathen airar, 1. A dress contrived to conceal the per with this particularity in it, that it is hollowed son that wears it.
like a dish at one end; but it was not this end They generally act in a disguise themselves, in which the sacrifice was laid. Addison. and therefore mistake all outward show and 2. A deep hollow vessel for liquid food. appearances for hypocrisy in others. Addison.
Who would rob a hermit of his weeds,
His few books, or his beads, or maple dish;
A ladle for our silver dish
Priør. 2. A false appearanče; counterfeit show. 3. The meat served in a dish; any partia
Hence guilty jays, disrastes, surmises,
cular kind of food.
I have here a dish of doves, that I would beYou see we've burnt our cheeks; and mine
stow upon your worship.
Let's kill him boldly, but not wrathfully; Splits whae it speaks: the wild disguise hath
Let's carve him as a dish fit for the gods,
Not hew him as a carcass fit for hounds.
Sbakspeare's Julius Cesar.
The contract you pretend with that base
wretch, Dress of concealment.
One bred of alms and foster'd with cold dishes, Under that disguisement I should find oppor
With scraps o'th' court; it is no contract, none. tunity to reveal myself to the owner of my
Makes eating a delight;
And it I like one disb
More than another, that a pheasant is. S:«kling
The earth would have been deprived of a most
Wotton. excellent and wholesome fare, and very muny Discui'sex. n. s. [from disguise.]
delicious disbes that we have the use and benctit 1. One that puts on a disguise.
Woodward I hope he is grown more disengaged from his
Many people would, with reason, prefer the intentness on his own affairs, which is quite the
griping of an hungry belly, to those disbes which reverse to you, unless you are a very dexterous
are a feast to others.
Locke. 2. One that conceals another by a dis
Savift. 4. A kind of measure among the tinners.
They measure block-tin by the dish, which containeth a gallon.
Carewe. Shaksp. To Dish. v. a. [from the noun.] To 1. Aversion of the palate from any thing.
serve in a dish; to send up to table,
Sbakspeare's Winter's Tale. than the thing done, and upon that depends the
DISH-CLOUT. n. s. [dish and clout.] The satisfaction or disgust wherewith it is received.
cloth with which the maids rub their
A disb-clout of Jaquenetta's he wears next his
heart for a favour. Shaksp.Love's Labour Lost. Thomson.
Send them up to their masters with a diskTo Discu'sr. v. a. (degouter, French ; Disn-WASHER. n. s. [dish and wasber;
Swift. mergus.] The name of a bird. DISHABÍLLE. adj. [deshabillé, Fr.) Un
dressed; loosely or negligently dressed.
Queens are not to be too negligently dressed or dishabille.
Dryden's Dufresnes. Atterbury. DISHABILLE. n. s. Undress; loose dress.
A woman who would preserve a lover's reWatts.
spect to her person, will be careful of her ape pearance before him when in disbabilie.
Clarista. To DISHA'BIT. v.a. [This word I have Swift.
found only in Shakspeare.) To throw
But for our approach those sleeping stones,
guise ; one that disfigures.
Death 's a great disguiser.
The manner of doing is of more consequence
Thence dark disgust and hatred, winding
degusto, Latin.) 1. To raise aversion in the stomach; to 2. To strike with dislike; to offend. It is variously constructed with at or with.
If a man were disgusted at marriage, he would never recommend it to his friend. Those unenlarged souls are disgusted with the Fonders which the microscope has discovered. 3. To produce aversion : with from.
What disgusts me from having to do with an
Nauseous; that causes aversion.
I have finished the most disgustful cask that ever I undertook
Strift. [disc, Saxon ; dyse, Erse;
DISH. 1, s.
DISHA'RMONY, n, s. [dis and harmony. ] 2. Unchaste; lewd.
To-morrow will we be married. I do desire To DISHEA’RTEN. v. a. (dis and hearten.] it with all my heart; and I hope it is no disbonesi To discourage; to deject; to territy;
desire, to desire to be a woman of the world.
Sazkespeare's As you like it. to depress. To dishearten with fearful sentences,
3. Disgraced ; dishonoured.
Dishonest with lopp'd arms the youth appears, though salvation could hardly be hoped for, is
Spoil'd of his nose, and shortenid of his ears. not so consonant with christian charity. Hooker.
Dryden. Be not disbeurtined then, nor cloud those luoks That wont to be more chearful and serene.
4. Disgraceful; ignominious. These two
Milion. senses are scarcely English, being borYet neither thus disbearten'd nor dismay'd, rowed from the Latin idiom. The time' prepar'd I waited.
Milton. She saw her sons with purple death expire, It is a consideration that might dishearten those Her sacred domes involvid in rolling fire; who are engaged against the common adversa A dreadful series of intestine wars, ries, that they promise themselves as much from Inglorious triumphs, and dishonest scars.
Pope. the folly of enemies, as from the power of their DishO'NESTLY. adv. [froin dishonest.] friends.
Stilling peet. Men cannot say, that the greatness of an evil
1. Without faith; without probity; faithand danger is an encouragement to men to run
lessly ; wickedly. upon it, and that the greatness of any good and I protest he had the chain of me, happiness ought in reason to disbearten men Tho'most dishonestly he doth deny it. Sbaksp from the pursuit of it.
Tillotson. 2. Lewdly; wantónly; unchastely. A true christian fervour is more than the al
A wise daughter should bring an inheritance liances of our potent friends, or even the fears to her husband; but she that liveth dishonestly of our disbeartened enemies, Atterbury is her father's heaviness.
Ecclesiasticus. Disheʼrison. 1. s. [dis' and berison.] DishoʻNESTY. n. s. [from dishonest.)
The act of debarring from inheritance. 1. Want of probity; faithlessness; viola. To Dishe'rit. v. a. [dis and inherit.] tion of trust.
To cut off from hereditary succession; Their fortune depends upon their credit, and to debar from an inheritance.
a stain of open public dishonesty must be to their He tries to restore to their rightful heritage
Swift. such good old English words as have been long 3. Unchastity ; incontinence; lewdness. time out of use, almost disberited. Spenser.
Mrs. Ford, the honest woman, the modest Nor how the Dryads and the woodland train wife, the virtuous creature, that hath the jealous Disberited, ran howling o'er the plain. Dryden. fool to her husband! I suspect without cause, To DISHE'vel. v. a. [decheveler, Fr.) mistress, do I? --Heaven be my witness you do, To spread the hair disorderly; to throw DISHONOUR. n. s. (dis and bonour.)
you suspect me in any dishonesty.
Shaksp. the hair of a woman negligently about her head. It is not often used but in
1. Reproach; disgrace; ignominy. the passive participle.
Let not my jealousies be your dishonours,
But mine own safeties.
He was pleased to own Lazarus even in the
dishonours of the grave, and vouchsafed him, in
that despicable condition, the glorious title of
Spenser. his friend. After followed great numbers of women
Boyle's Scrapbick Love.
Take him for your husband and your lord; weeping, with disbevelled hair, scratching their 'Tis no disbonour to confer your grace faces, and tearing themselves, after the manner
On one descended from a royal race. of the country. Knolles.
Dryaden. A troop of "Trojans mix'd with these appear,
2. Reproach uttered; censure; report of And mourning matrons with disbevell'd hair.
Pronounce dishonour of her; by my life
She never knew harm doing.
Sbakse: Caught her dishevell'd hair and rich attire. To DISHO'NOUR. v. a. [dis and honour.]
Dryden's Æneid. You this morn beheld his ardent eyes,
1. To disgrace; to bring shame upon; to
blast with infamy. Saw his arm lock'd in her disbevell d hair. Smith., Di'shing, adj. [from dish.] Concave :
It is no vicious blot, murther, or foulness,
No unchaste action, or dishonour'd step, a cant term among artificers.
That hath depriv'd me of your grace and favour. For the form of the wheels, some make them
Sbakspeare more dishing, as they call it, than others; that This no more dishonours you at all, is, more concave, by setting off the spokes and Than to take in a town with gentle words, fellies more outwards.
Which else would put you to your fortune. Disho'nest. adj. [dis and bonest.)
Sbaksp: s. Void of probity ; void of faith ; faith A woman that honouretha her husband, shall less; wicked; fraudulent.
be judged wise of all: but she that disboroureth Justice then was neither blind to discern, nor
him in her pride, shall be counted ungodly of all lame to execute. It was not subject to be im
Ecclesiasticus. posed upon by a deluded fancy, nor yet to be
We are not so much to strain ourselves to bribed by a glozing appetite, for an utile or ju.
make those virtues appear in us which really, we cundum to turn the balance to a false or disbonest have rot, as to avoid those imperfections which sentence.
may disbonour us, Dryden's Dufresney He lays it down as a principle, that right and
2. To violate chastity. wrong, honest and disbouest, are defined only by 3. To treat with indignity. laws, and not by nature,
Locke, One glimpse of glory to my issue give,