TO DISCU'SS. v. a. (discutio, discussum, There will come a time when three words, Latin.]

uttered with charity and meekness, shall receive

a far more blessed reward, than three thousand 1. To examine; to ventilate ; to clear by

volumes, written with disdainful sharpness of disquisition.

Hooker. We are to discuss only those general excep

The queen is obstinate, tions which have been taken.

Hcoker. Stubborn to justice, apt t'accuse it, His usage was to commit the discussing of Disdainful to be tried by 't.

Sbakspeara causes privately to certain persons learned in the

Seek through this grove; laws.

Ayliffe's Parergon. A sweet Athenian lady is in love, This knotty point should you and I discuss, With a disdainful youth: anoint his eyes ; Or tell a tale?

Pope. But do it when the next thing he espies 2. To disperse : commonly applied to a Shall be the lady.

Shakspeare humour or swelling.

But those I can accuse, I can forgive : Many arts were used to discuss the beginnings By my disdainful silence let them live. Dryden. of new affection.


*The disdainful soul came rushing through the

wound. 3. To break to pieces.

Dryden. Consider the three-fold effect of Jupiter's tri- Disda'INFULLY, adv. (from disdainful.] sulk, to burn, discuss, and terebrate. Brown.

Contemptuously; with haughty scorn ; Discu'SSER. n. s. (from discuss.] He with indignation that discusses ; an examiner.

Either greet him not
Or else disdainfully, which shall shake him

more. Discu'ssion. 3.5. [from discuss.]

Sbakspeare. 1. Disquisition ; examination; ventilation

It is not to insult and domineer, to look dise of a question.

dainfully, and revile imperiously, that procures Truth cannot be found without some labour esteem from any one.

Soutb. and intention of the mind, and the thoughts DISDA'INFULNESS. n. s. (from disclaindwelling a considerable time upon the survey ful.) Contempt ; contemptuousness ; and discussion of each particular.


haughty scorn. Various discussions tear our heated brain:

Can I forget, when they in prison placing her, Opinions often turn; still doubts remain ;

With swelling heart, in spite and due disdaina And who indulges thought, increases pain.



She lay for dead, till I help'd with unlacing her. 2. [In surgery.) Discussion or resolution

Sidney. is nothing else but breathing out the A proud disdainfulness of other men. Ascham. humours by insensible transpiration. DISEASE. n. s. (dis and ease.) Distem

Wiseman. per ; malady ; sickness morbid state. Discu'ssIVE. adj. [from discuss.) Having What's the disease he means ? the power to discuss or disperse any

_Tis callid the evil.

Shakspeare. noxious matter.

And Asa, in the thirty and ninth year of his

reign, was diseased in his feet, and his disease Discu’TIENT, n. s. [discutiens, Latin.) was exceeding great; and in his disease he soughe

A medicine that has power to repel or not the Lord, but to the physicians. Cbron. drive back the matter of tumours in the It is idle to propose remedies before we are blood. It sometimes means the same

assured of the disease, or to be in pain till we are

convinced of the danger. as carminative. Quincy.


Intemperance The swellings arising from these require to be

In meats and drinks, which in the earth shall treated, in their beginning, with moderate re

bring! pellents and discutients.

Diseases dire.

Milton. TO DISDA'IN. v. a. [dedaigner, Fr.)

Then wasteful forth To scorn; to consider as unworthy of V'alks the dire pow'r of pestilent disease. one's character.

Thomson's Summer. There is nothing so great, which I will fear To Disea'se. v. a. [from the noun.] to do for you; nor nothing so small, which I 1. To afflict with disease; to torment will disdain to do for you.

Sidney. with pain or sickness; to make morbid; They do disdain as much beyondour thoughts,

to infect. which makes me sweat with wrath. Shakespeare.

We are all diseased, What safe and nicely I might well delay

And without surfeiting and wanton hours By rule of knighthood, I disdain and spurn.


Have brought ourselves into a burning fever. Tell him, Cato

Shakspcare. Disdains a life which he has power to offer.

Flatt'rers yet wear silk, drink wine, lie sott,

Hug their diseas'd perfumes, and have forgot
That ever Timon was.

Sbakspeare. DISDA'IN. n. S. (sdegno, Ital.] Con- Let her alone, lady: as she is now, she will

tempt; scorn ; contemptuous anger ; but disease our better mirth Shakspeare. indignation.

He was diseased in his feet. 1 kings, Children being haughty, through disdain and A lazar-house it seem'd, wherein were laid want of nurture, do stain the nobility of their Number's of all diseas'd, all maladies kindred.

Ecclus. Of ghastly spasm, or racking torture. Milton. Bat against you, ye Greeks, ye coward train,

2. To put to pain; to pain; to make Gods! how my soul is mov'd with just disdain !

Pope's Odysscy.


Though great light be insufferable to our eyes, D1SDA'INFUL. adj. [disdain and full.] yet the highest degree of darkness does not at Contemptuous ; haughtily scornful ; all disease them.

Locke. indignant.

DISE A'SEDNESS. 3. S. [from discased.]

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]


Sickness; morbidness; the state of Muse, stoop thy disenchanted wing to truth.

Denbam. being diseased. This is a restoration to some former state:

Haste to thy work; a noble stroke or two not that state of indigency and diseasedness.

Ends all the charms, and disenchants the grove. Burnet.

Dryden. Dise'dged. adj. [dis and edge.] Blunt To DISENCU ́MBER. V. a. [dis and ened ; obtunded ; dulled.

I grieve myself

s. To discharge from encumbrances; to
To think, when thou shalt be disedg’d by her free from clogs and impediments; to
Whom now thou tir'st on, how thy memory disburden; to exonerate.
Will then be pang’d by me. Sbakspeare, It will need the actual intention, the particu-
TO DISEMBA'RK. v. a. [dis and embark.]

lar stress and application of the whole soul, to To carry to land.

disencumber and set it free, to scour off its rust, I must unto the road, co disembark

and remove those hindrances which would otherSome necessaries.


wise clog and check the freedom of its operaTO DISEMBA'RK. V. n.


To land; to go on land.

The disencumber'd soul
There disembarking on the green sea-side,

Flew off, and left behind the clouds and starry
We land our cattle, and the spoil divide. Pope.


Drydea. TO DISEMBITTER. v.a. [düs and em

Dreams look like the amusements of the soul,

when she is disencumber'd of her machine; her bitter.) To sweeten; to free from

sports and recreations, when she has laid her bitterness; to clear from acrimony: charge asleep.

Spectator. an unusual word.

2. To free from obstruction of any kind. Encourage such innocent amusements as may Dim night had disencumber'd heav'n. Milton. disembitter the minds of men, and make them The church of St. Justina, designed by Palmutually rejoice in the same agreeable satisfac- ladio, is the most handsome, luminous,' disentions.

Addison's Freebolder, cumbered building in the inside, that I have ever DISEMBODIED. adj. [dis and embodied.]

Addison on Italy. Divested of the body.


n. s. [from the To DisemBO'GUE. v. a. [disemboucher,

verb.] Freedom from encumbrance old French. Skinner.) To pour out at

and obstruction. the mouth of a river; to vent,

There are many who make a figure below

what their fortune or merit entitles them to, out Rivers In ample oceans disembogu'd, or lost. Dryden.

of mere choice, and an elegant desire of ease Rolling down the steep Timavus raves,

and disencambrance.

Spectator. And through nine channels disembogues his To Disenga'ge. v.a. [dis and engage.)

Addison, I. To separate from any thing with which To DISEMBO'GUE. V. n. To gain a vent;

it is in union. to flow.

Some others, being very light, would ficat By, eminences placed up and down the globe,

up and down a good while, before they could the rivers make innumerable turnings and wind- wholly disengage themselves and descend. ings, and at last disembogue in several mouths into

Burnet's Tbeory. the sea.

Cbeyne. 2. To disentangle ; to clear from impeDISEMBO’welled. participial adj. (dis diments or difficulties. and embowel.] Taken from out the

From civil broils he did us disengage; bowels.

Found nobler objects for our martial rage,

Waller. *
So her disembowell'd web
Arachne in a hall or kitchen spreads

In the next paragraph, I found my author
Obvious to vagrant flies.

pretty well disengaged from' quotations.

To DISEMBRO'll. v.a. [debouiller, Fr.) 3. To withdraw, applied to the affection ;
To disentangle; to free from perplexi-

to wean; to abstract the mind. ty; to reduce from confusion.

It is requisite that we should acquaint ourThen earth from air, and seas from earth were selves with God, that we should frequently disdriv'n,

engage our hearts from earthly pursuits. And grosser air sunk from etherial heav'n;

Atterbury. Thus disembroild, they take their proper place. The' consideration that should disengage our

Dryden. fondness from worldly things, is, that they are The system of his politicks is disembroiled, and uncertain in their foundation ; fading, transient, cleared of all those incoherences and indepen- and corruptible in their nature. Rogers. dent matters that are woven into this motley 4. To free from any powerful detention. piece.


When our mind's eyes are disengag'd and free,
To DISENABLE, V. a. (dis and enable. ] They clearer, farther, and distinctly see.
To deprive of power ; to disable ; to

Denbam, sink into weakness; to weaken.

5. To release from an obligation. Now age has overtaken me; and want, a more

To DISENGA'GE, V. n. To set one's self insufferable evil, through the change of the free from ; to withdraw one's affec. times, has wholly disenabled me. Dryden. tions from. To DISENCHA'nt. v.a. [dis and enchant.] Providence gives us notice, by sensible declen

To free from the force of an enchant. sions, that we may disengage from the world by ment; to deliver from the power of


Collier on Thougbi. charms or spells.

DISENGA'GED. participial adj. [from dis· Alas! let your own brain disencbant you. engage.]

Sidney. 1. Disjoined ; disentangled.



2. Vacant; at leisure; not fixed down to TO DISESTEEM. v. a. (from the noun.]'

any particular object of attention. To regard slightly; to consider with a 3. Released from obligation.

slight degree of contempt. DISENGA'GEDNESS. n.s. (from disengage.]

Should Mars see 't, The quality of being disengaged ; va

That horrid hurrier of men, or she that betters

him, cuity of attention; freedom from any

Minerva, never so incens'd, they could not disa pressing business ; disjunction.


Chapman. DISENGAGEMENT.n.s. (from disengage.] But in this sacred gift your disesteem, 1. Release from any engagement, or obli- "Then cruel plagues shall fall on Priam's state. gation.

Denban. 2. Freedom of attention ; vacancy.

I would not be thought to disesteem or disTO DISENTA'NGLE. v. a. [dis and en

suade the study of nature.

Locke. tangle.]

DISESTIMA'TION. n. s. (dis and æstimatio, 1. To unfold or loose the parts of any Lat.) Disrespect; disesteem. Dict, thing interwoven with one another. DISFA'vour. n. s. (dis and favour. ] Though in concretions particles so entangle

1. Discountenance; unpropitious regard ; one another, that they cannot in a short time unfavourable aspect; unfavourable circlear themselves, yet they do incessantly strive cumstance.

to disentangle themselves, and get away. Boyle. 2. A state of ungraciousness or unaccept2. To set free from impediments; to dis

ableness; a state in which one is not embroil; to clear from perplexity or favoured. difficulty.

While free from sacrilege, he was at peace, as Till they could find some expedient to expli

it were, with God and man; but after his sacri. cate and disentangle themselves out of this laby

lege he was in disfavour with both. Spelman. rinth, they made no advance towards supplying

Dict. their armies.

Clarendon. 3: Want of beauty. The welfare of their souls requires a better To Disfa'vour. v. a. (from the noun.] judgment than their own, either to guide them To discountenance ; to withhold or in their duty, or to disentangle them from a withdraw kindness. temptation.


Might not those of higher rank, and nearer ac3. To disengage; to separate.

cess to her majesty, receive her own commands, Neither can God himself be otherwise under- and be countenanced or disfavoured according as stood by us than as a mind free and disentangled they obey? from all corporeal mixtures. Stilling fleet. DisFA'VOURER. 1. s. (from disfavour.) TO DISENTE'RRE. v.a. [dis and enterrer, Discountenancer ; not a favourer, French.) To unbury; to take out of It was verily thought, that had it not been the grave.

for four great disfavourers of that voyage, the enThough the blindness of some fanaticks have terprize had succeeded.

Bacon. savaged on the bodies of the dead, and have been DISFIGURA'Tion, n. s. [from disfigure.] so injurious unto worms as to disenterre the bo- 1. The act of disfiguring. dies of the deceased, yet had they therein no 2. The state of being disfigured. design upon the soul.

Brown. To DiSENTHRAʼL. v.a. [dis and entbral.] 1. DISFIGURE. v. a. [dis and figure.)

3. Deformity. To set free; to restore to liberty ; to

To change any thing to a worse form; rescue from slavery.

to deform; to mangle. But God my soul shall disentbral;

You are but as a form in wax

For I upon his name will call.
If religion were false, bad men would set the

By him imprinted, and within his power utmost force of their reason on work to discover

To leave the figure, or disfigure it." Sbakspeare. that falsity, and thereby disentbral themselves.

In this the antique and well-noted face
Of plain old form is much disfigured.


Abject is their punishment, To DisentarOʻNE, 7. a. [dis and en- Disfiguring not God's likeness, but their own,

throne.) To depose from sovereignty ; Or, if his likeness, by themselves defac'd. Milt. to dethrone.

Uriel, on the Assyrian mount, Either to disentbrone the king of heav'n

Saw him disfigur'd more than could befal We war, if war be best; or to regain

Spirit of happy sort.

Milton. Our own right lost.

Milton, A nose flatter, or a mouth wider, could have To DISENTRAʻnce, w.a. [dis and en

consisted, as well as the rest of his figure, with trance). To awaken from a trance, or

such a soul and such parts

as made him, disfigur d

as he was, capable to be a dignitary in the church. deep sleep.

Locke. Ralpho, by this time disentranc’d,

Nor would his slaughter'd army now have Upon his bum himself advanc'd. Hudibras.

lain To Disespoʻuse. v.a. [dis and espouse.] On Africk's sands, disfigur'd with their wounds, To separate after faith plighted.

To gorge che wolves and vultures of Numidia. Such was the rage

Addison's Cato, Of Turnus, for Lavinia disespous'd. Milton. His long absence, and travels which had disDiseste'em. n. s. (dis and esteem.] Slight

figur'd him, made him alogether unknown.

Brome on Epic Poetry, regard ; a disregard more moderate than contempt.

DiSpi'GUREMENT. n. s. [from disfigure.] When any one, by miscarriages, falls into dis- Defacement of beauty ; change of a esteem, be will fall under neglect and contempt.

better form to a worse. Locke. The disfigurement that travel or sickness has

bestowed upon him, is not thought great by the 4. Cause of shame. lady of the isle.

Suckling. And is it not a foul disgrace, And they, so perfect in their misery,

To lose the boltsprit of thy face? B.zynard. Not once perceive their foul disfigurement. And he whose afluence disdain'd a place,

Milton. Brib'd by a title, makes it a disgrace. Brown. To DisFoʻREST. v. a. [dis and forest.] To Disgra'ce. v.a. [from the noun.}

To reduce land from the privileges of 1. To bring a reproach upon ; to dis

a forest to the state of common land. honour, as an agent. TO DISFRANCHISE. v. a. (dis and fran- We may not so in any one special kind ad

chise.). To deprive of privileges or im- mire her, that we disgrace her in any other; but munities.

let all her ways be according unto their place DISFRANCHISEMENT. n. s. [from dis

and degree adored.

I looker.

Men's passions will carry them far in misrefranchise.] The act of depriving of

presenting an opinion which they have a mind privileges.

to disgrace.

Burnet. To DISFU'RNISH. v. a. (dis and furnish.] 2. To bring to shame, as a cause : as, his To deprive ; to unfurnish; to strip. ignorance disgraced bims.

My riches are these poor habiliments, 3. To put out of favour: as, the minister Of which, if you should here disfurnisb me, was disgraced. You take the sum and substance that I have.


DISGR A'CEFUL. adj. [disgrace and full.] He durst not disfurnish that country either of

Shameful; ignominious; reproachful ; so great a commander, or of the wonted garrisons. procuring shame.

Knolles' History. Masters must correct their servants with genT. DISGA'RNISH. v. a. [dis and garnish.] tleness, prudence, and mercy; not with up1. To strip of ornaments.

Dict. braiding and disgraceful language, but with such 2. To take guns from a fortress.

only as may express and reprove the fault, and

amend the person. To DISGLO'RIFY. v.a. [dis and glorify.]

Taylor's Holy Living.

To retire behind their chariots, was as little To deprive of glory ; to treat with disgracefil then, as it is now to alight from one's indignity.

horse in a battle.

Pope. So Dagon shall be magnified, and God, Disgra'CEFULLY. adv. [from disgraceBesides whom is no god, compar'd with idols,

ful.]. In disgrace ; with indignity ; igDisglorified, blasphem'd, and had in scorn.


Milton. To Disgo'rge. v.a. [degorger, Fr. from

The senate have cast you forth

Disgracefully, to be the common tale gorge, the throat. )

Of the whole city.

Ben Jonsora 1. To discharge by the mouth; to spew DisgrA'CEFULNESS. n. s. [from disgraceout; to vomit. So, so, thou common dog, didst thou disgorge DiSGRA CER. n. s. [from disgrace.] One

ful.] Ignominy. Thy glutton bosom of the royal Richard ? And now thou wouldst eat thy dead vomit up.

that exposes to shame; one that causes Shakspeare.

ignominy. From the distant shore they loudly laught, I have given good advice to those infamous To see his heaving breast disgorge the briny disgracers of the sex and calling.

Swift: draught.

Dryden. Disgracious. adj. [dis and gracious.] 2. To pour out with violence.

All th'embossed sores and headed evils,
That thou with licence of free foot hast caught,

I do suspect I have done some offence,
Wouldst thou disgorge into the general world?

That seems disgracious in the city's eye. Shaksp; Shakspeare.

To Disguise. v. a. [deguiser, Fr. dis and The deep-drawing barks do there disgorge

guise. ] Their warlike fraughtage. Sbakspeare.

1. To conceal by an unusual dress. They move along the banks

How might we disguise him? Of four infernal rivers, that disgorge

-Alas! I know not: there is no woman's Into the burning lake their baletul streams. gown big enough for him.

Sbaksp. Milton.

Disguis'd he came; but those his children Countries much annoyed with earthquakes,

dear have volcanoes; and these are constantly all in Their parent soon discern'd through his disguise. fames whenever any earthquake happens; they

Milton. disgorging that fire which was the cause of the 2. To hide by a counterfeit disaster. Derbam.

appearance ; Disgra'CE. ". s. [disgrace, Fr.]

to cloak by a false show : as, he disguised his

anger. 1. State of being out of favour. 2. State of ignominy; dishonour; state of

3. To disfigure; to change the form.

They saw the faces, which too well they shame.

knew, Like a dull actor, now

Though then disguis’d in death, and smear'd all I have forgot my part, and I am out

o'er Even to a full disgrace.

Shaksp. With filth obscene, and dropping putrid gore, Poetry, howsoever censured, is not fallen

Dryden. from the higliest stage of honour to the lowest

More duteous at her call, stair of disgrace.

Peacham, Than at Circean call the herd disguis’d. Miltun. 3. Act of unkindness. Obsolete.

Ulysses wakes, not knowing the place where To such bondage he was for so many courses he was; because Minerva made all things aptied by her, whose disgreces to him were graced pear in a disguised view.

Pope by her excellence.

Sidney. 4. To deform by liquor ; a low term.


I have just left the right worshipful, and his 1. A broad wide vessel, in which food is myrmidons, about a sneaker of five gallons; the whole magistracy was pretty well disguised be

served up at the table.

Of these he murders one; he boils the fiesh, fore I gave them the slip. Spectator.

And lays the mangled mortals in a disb. Dryd. Disgu'ISE. *. S. (from the verb.j

I saw among the ruins an old heathen alcar, 1. A dress contrived to conceal the per- with this particularity in it, that it is hollowed son that wears it.

like a dish at one end; but it was not this end They generally act in a disguise themselves,

in which the sacrifice was laid. Addison. and therefore mistake all outward show and 2. A deep hollow vessel for liquid food, appearances for hypocrisy in others. Addison, Who would rob a hermit of his weeds, Since I in Arcite cannot Arcite find,

His few books, or his beads, or maple dish; The world may search in vain with all their

Or do his grey hairs any violence ?" Milton. eyes,

A ladle for our silver dish But never penetrate through this disguise. Dryol. Is what I want, is what I wish.

Prior. 2. A false appearanče; counterfeit show.

3. The meat served in a dish; any partiHence guilty joys, distastes, surmises,

cular kind of food. False oaths, false tears, deceits, disguises. Pope.

I have here a dish of doves, that I would be3. Disorder by drink. You see we've burnt our cheeks; and mine

stow upon your worship..


Let's kill him boldly, but not wrathfully; own tongue

Let's carve him as a disb fit for the gods, Splits what it speaks: the wild disguise hath

Not hew him as a carcass fit for hounds. almost Antickt us.

Sbakspeare's Yulius Cesar,

Sbaksp. DISGUISEMENT. n. s. [from disguise. ]

The contract you pretend with that base

wretch, Dress of concealment.

One bred of alms and foster'd with cold disbes, Under that disguisement I should find oppor- With scraps o'th'court; it is no contract, none. tunity to reveal myself to the owner of my

Sbakspeare. heart.

Sidney, "Tis not the meat, but 'tis the appetite, The marquis thought best to dismask his Makes eating a delight; beard, and told him, that he was going covertly And if I like one dišb to take a secret view of the forwardness of his More than another, that a pheasant is. Si-kling. majesty's feet: this did somewhat handsomely The earth would have been deprived of a most heal the disguisement.

Wotton. excellent and wholesome fare, and very many DiscuI'SER. n. s. [from disguise.]

delicious dishes that we have the use and benefit 1. One that puts on a disguise.

Woodward. I hope he is grown more disengaged from his Many people would, with reason, prefer the intentness on his own affairs, which is quite the

griping of an hungry belly, to those disbes which reverse to you, unless you are a very dexterous

are a feast to others.

Locke. disguiser.

Swift. 4. A kind of measure among the tioners. 2. One that conceals another by a dís- They measure block-tin by the dish, which guise; one that disfigures.

containeth a gallon.

Carew. Death 's a great disguiser. Sbaksp. To Dish. v. a. (from the noun.] To DISG’UST. n. s. [degout, French.)

serve in a dish; to send up to table, 1. Aversion of the palate from any thing.

For conspiracy, 2. Ill humour ; malevolence; offence con

I know not how it tastes, though it be dish'd ceived.

For me to try.

Sbakspeare's Winter's Tale. The manner of doing is of more consequence Dish.clout. n. s. [dish and clout.) The than the thing done, and upon that depends the cloth with which the maids rub their satisfaction or disgust wherewith received dishes.


A disb-clout of Jaquenetta's he wears next his Thence dark disgust and hatred, winding heart for a favour, Shaksp. Luve's Labour Lost.

wiles, Coward deceit, and ruffian violence.

Send them up to their masters with a disbThomson. clout pinned at their tails.

Swift. To Disgu'st. v. a. (degouter, French; Dish-WASHER. 1. s. [dish and wasber ; degusto, Latin.)

mergus.] The name of a bird. 1. To raise aversion in the stomach; to DISHABÍLLE. adj. [deshabillé, Fr.] Undistaste.

dressed ; loosely or negligently dres2. To strike with dislike; to offend. It sed. is variously constructed with at or with. Queens are not to be too negligently dressed If a man were disgusted at marriage, he would or disbabille.

Dryden's Dufresnemo never recommend it to his friend. Atterbury. Dis HABILLE. n. s. Undress; loose dress. Those unenlarged souls are disgusted with the

A woman who would preserve a lover's rewonders which the mieroscope has discovered. spect to her person, will be careful of frer apo


pearance before him when in disbabille. 3. To produce aversion : with from.

Clarista. What disgusts me from having to do with an- To DISHA'BIT. v.a. (This word I have swer jobbers, is, that they have no conscience.


found only in Shakspeare.) To throw DISGU'STFUL. adj. [disgust and full.]

out of place; to drive from their habi.

'tation. Nauseous; that causes aversion. I have finished the most disgustful task that

But for our approach those sleeping stones, ever I undertook.

By the compulsion of their ordinance,

Swift. By this time from their fixed beds of lime DISH. n. s. [disc, Saxon ; dyse, Erse; Had been disbabited, and wide havock made. discus, Latin.)

King Lear.

[ocr errors]
« ForrigeFortsett »