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DISHA'RMONY. n. s. (dis and harmony.] 2. Unchaste; lewd.
To-morrow will we be married. I do desire To DISHE A'RTEN. V. a. (dis and hearten.] it with all my heart; and I hope it is no disboncsó To discourage ; to deject; to terrify;
desire, to desire to be a woman of the world. to depress.
Shakspeare's As you like it. To dishearten with fearful sentences,
3. Disgraced ; dishonoured.
Dishonest with lopp'd arms the youth appears, though salvation could hardly be hoped for, is
Spoil'd of his nose, and shorten'd of his ears. not so consonant with christian charity. Hooker. Be not disheartened then, nor cloud those looks
Dryden. That wont to be more chearful and serene.
4. Disgraceful; ignominious. These two
Milton. senses are searcely English, being borYet neither thus dishearten'd nor dismay'd, rowed from the Latin idiom. The time prepar'd I waited.
Milton. She saw her sons with purple death expire, It is a consideration that might dishearten those Her sacred domes involv'd in rolling fire; who are engaged against the common adversa- A dreadful series of intestine wars, ries, that they promise themselves as much from Inglorious triumphs, and dishonest scars.
Pepe. the folly of enemies, as from the power of their DishoʻNESTLY. adv. [froin dishonest.) friends.
Stilling freet. Men cannot say, that the greatness of an evil
1. Without faith; without probity; faithand danger is an encouragement to men to run
lessly ; wickedly. upon it, and that the greatness of any good and I protest he had the chain of me, happiness ought in reason to disbearten men Tho'most dishonestly he doth deny it. Sbaksp. from the pursuit of it.
Tillotson. 2. Lewdly; wantónly; unchastely. A true christian fervour is more than the al- A wise daughter should bring an inheritance liances of our potent friends, or even the fears to her husband; but she that liveth dishonestly of our disbeartened enemies, Atterbury. is her father's heaviness.
Ecclesiasticus. Dishe'rison. 1. s. [dis' and berison.] Disho'nesty. n. s. [from dishonest.)
The act of debarring from inheritance. 1. Want of probity ; faithlessness; violaTo Dishe'rit. v. a, (dis and inherit.] tion of trust.
To cut off from hereditary succession; Their fortune depends upon their credit, and to debar from an inheritance.
a stain of open public dishonesty must be to their He tries to restore to their rightful heritage
Swift. such good old English words as have been long 3. Unchastity; incontinence; lewdness. time out of use, almost disberited. Spenser.
Mrs. Ford, the honest woman, the modest Nor how the Dryads and the woodland train wife, the virtuous creature, that hath the jealous Disberited, ran howling o'er the plain. Dryden.
fool to her husband ! I suspect without cause, To Dishe'VEL. v. a. [decheveler, Fr.]
mistress, do I?-Heaven be my witness you do, To spread the hair disorderly; to throw
if you suspect me in any dishonesty.
Sbaksp the hair of a woman negligently about DiSHo'nOUR. *. s. (dis and honour.] her head. It is not often used but in
1. Reproach ; disgrace; ignominy. the passive participle.
Let not my jealousies be your dishonours,
But mine own safeties. Sbaksp. Macbeth. A gentle lady all alone,
He was pleased to own Lazarus even in the With garments rent and hair dishevelled,
dishonours of the grave, and vouchsafed him, in Wringing her hands, and making piteous moan.
that despicable condition, the glorious title of Spenser. his friend.
Boyle's Scrapbick Love. After followed great numbers of women Take him for your husband and your lord; weeping, with disbevelled hair, scratching their
"Tis no disbonour to confer your grace faces, and tearing themselves, after the manner
On one descended from a royal race. Dryden. of the country;
Knolles, A troop of "Trojans mix'd with these appear,
2. Reproach uttered ; censure; report of And mourning matrons with disbeqvell d hair.
Pronounce dishonour of her; by my life
She never knew harm doing.
Sbaksp. Caught her disbeveli'd hair and rich attire. To DishoʻNOUR. v. a. [dis and honour. ]
I. To disgrace; to bring shame upon; to You this morn beheld his ardent eyes,
blast with infamy. Saw his arm lock'd in her disbevell'd hair. Smitb.,
It is no vicious blot, murther, or foulness, Di'shing, adj. [from dish.) Concave : No unchaste action, or disbonour'd step, a cant term among artificers.
That hath depriv'd me of your grace and favour. For the form of the wheels, some make them
Sbakspeara more dishing, as they call it, than others; that This no more dishonours you at all, is, more concave, by setting off the spokes and Than to take in a town with gentle words, . fellies more outwards.
Mortimer. Which else would put you to your fortune. DishoʻNest. adj. [dis and honest.)
Sbaksp; J. Void of probity; void of faith; faith
A woman that honoureth her husband, shall less; wicked; fraudulent.
be judged wise of all: but she that disbonoureth Justice then was neither blind to discern, nor
him in her pride, shall be counted ungodly of all
Ecclesiasticus. lame to executc. It was not subject to be imposed upon by a deluded fancy, nor yet to be
We are not so much to strain ourselves to bribed by a glozing appetite, for an utile or jus
make those virtues appear in us which really we cundum to turn the balance to a false or disbonest
have rot, as to avoid those imperfections which South,
may disbonour us, Dryden's Dufresacy. He lays it down as a principle, that right and
2. To violate chastity. wrong, honest and dishonest, are defined only by 3. To treat with indignity. laws, and not by nature,
Locke, One glimpse of glory to my issue give,
Grac'd for the little time he has to live:
ous.] Unfair ; meanly artful ; vitiously Disbonour'd by the king of men he stands;
subile; sly; cunning ; illiberal ; unHis rightful prize is ravishd from his hands.
becoming a gentleman ; crafty.
"Tis disingenuous to accuse our age DishoʻNOURABLE. adj. [from dishonour.]
Of idleness, who all our pow'rs engage 1. Shameful; reproachful; ignominious.
In the same studies, the same course to hold, He did disbonourable find
Nor think our reason for new arts too old. Those articles which did our state decrease.
It was a disingenuous way of proceeding, to z. Being in a state of neglect or dises
oppose a judgment of charity concerning their teem.
church, to a judgment of reason concerning the He that is honoured in poverty, how much
nature of actions.
Stillingfieet. more in riches ? and he that is disbonourable in There cannot be any thing so disingenuous and
riches, how much more in poverty? Ecclus. misbecoming any rational creature, as not to DisHO'NOURER. • 1. s. [from dishonour.] yield to plain reason, and the conviction of clear arguments.
Locke. 1. One that treats another with indignity. Preaching how meritorious with the gods
DISINGE'NUOUSLY. adv. [from disengeIt would be, to ensnare an irreligious
nuous.) In a disingenuous manner. Disbonourer of Dagon.
Milton. DisingE'NUOUSNESS. n. s. [from disen2. A violator of chastity.
genuous.) Mean subtilty ; unfairness; To DisHOʻRN. v. a. [dis and horn.] To low craft. strip of horns.
I might press them with the unreasonableWe 'll disborn the spirit,
the disingenuousness, of embracing a profeso And mock him home to Windsor. Sbaksp.
sion to which their own hearts have an inward DISHU ́MOUR, n. s. [dis and bumour ]
Government of the Tongue Peevishness ; ill humour ; uneasy state DISINHE'RISON. n. s. [dis and inherit.] of mind.
1. The act of cutting off from any here. Speaking impatiently to servants, or any thing ditary succession; the act of disinhethat betrays inattention or disbumour, are also
Spectator. If he stood upon his own title of the house of DISIMPRO’VEMENT, n. s. (dis and im- Lancaster, inherent in his person, he knew it
provement.] Reduction from a better was a title condemned by parliament, and geneto a worse state ; the contrary to me- rally prejudged, in the common opinion of the lioration; the contrary to improve
realm, that it tended directly to the disinberisore
of the line of York. Bacon's Henry VIL ment.
The chief minister of the revenue was obliged The final issue of the matter would be, an ut
to prevent, and even oppose, such disinberison. ter neglect and disimprovement of the earth.
Clarendon. Norris. I cannot see how this kingdom is at any
2. The state of being cut off from an height of improvement, while four parts in five
hereditary right. of the plantations, for thirty years past, have
In respect of the effects and evil consequences, been real disimprovements.
Suift, the adultery of the woman is worse, as bringing To DISINCARCERATE. v. a. [dis and
bastardy into a family, and Jisinberisons or great incarcerate.] To set at liberty ; to free
injuries to the lawful children. Taylor. from prison.
To DISINHE'Rit. v.a. [dis and inherit.] The arsenical bodies being now coagulated,
To cut off from an hereditary right; and kindled into fiaming atoms, require dry and
to deprive of an inheritance. warm air, to open the earth for to disincarcerate Is it then just with us to disinberit the same venene bodies.
Harvey. The unborn nephews for the father's fault? DISINCLINA’TION. n. s. [from disin
Unmuffle, ye faint stars; and thou, fair moon, cline.] Want of affection; slight; dislike; ill-will not heightened to aver
Stoop thy pale visage through an amber cloud,
And disinberit chaos that reigns here sion,
In double night of darkness, and of slander. Disappointment gave him a disinclination to
Milton. the fair sex, for whom he does not express all Posterity stands curs'd! fair patrimony, the respect possible. Arbuthnot and Pope. That I must leave ye, sons! O were I able To DISINCLI'NE. v. a. [dis and incline. ]
To waste it all myself, and leave ye none; To produce dislike to; to make disaf
So disinberited, how would ye bless
Milton. fected ; to alienate affection from.
Me, now your curse!
Of how fair a portion Adam disinberited his They were careful to keep up the fears and whole posterity one single prevarication! apprehensions in the people of dangers and
Soutb. designs, and to disincline them from any reverence or affection to the queen, whom they be
To Disinte'r. v.a. (from dis and inter.) gun every day more implacably to hate, and To unbury; to take as out of the grave. consequently to disoblige.
Clarendon. The philosopher, the saint, or the hero, the DISINGENU'ITY. n. s. [from disingenu.
wise, the good, or the great man, very often lie
hid and concealed in a plebeian, which a proper ous.) Meanness of artifice; unfair.
education might have disinterred. Addison. ness. They contract a habit of ill-nature and disisim
DISI'NTERESSED. adj. [dis and integenuity necessary to their affairs, and the temper
resse, French. It is written disinterested of those upon whom they are to work.
by those who derive it immediately
Clarendon. from interest, and I think more proDISINGE’NUOUS. adj. [dis and ingente, perly.] Void of regard to private ad
Boyle on Colours.
vantage; not biassed by particular 3. To break in pieces ; to dilaniate.
Rotation must disperse in air
All things which on the rapid orb appear;
Dryden. It must disjoint and dissipate the whole. Blacksn. Disi’NTERESSMENT. 1. s. [dis and in
Should a barbarous Indian, who had never teressement, French.) Disregard to pri.
seen a palace or a ship, view the separate and
disjointed parts, he would be able to form but a vate advantage; disinterest; disinte
very lame and dark idea of either of those exrestedness. This word, like charges in cellent and useful inventions.
Watt, the same sentence, is merely Gallick. 4. To carve a fowl.
He has managed some of the charges of the 5. To make incoherent; to break the rekingdom with known ability, and laid them lation between the parts. down with entire disinteressment.
The constancy of your wit was not wont to
bring forth such úisjointed speeches. Sidney. DisI'NTEREST. N. . [dis and interest.) But now her grief has wrought her into frenzy; 1. What is contrary to one's wish or The images her troubled fancy forms prosperity; that wbich any one is con- Are incoherent, wild; her words disjointed. cerned to prevent. They judge it the great disinterest to Rome.
To Disjoint, vin. To fall in pieces.
Glanvillc. Let both worlds disjoint, and all things suffer, 2. Indifference to profit; superiority to
Ere we will eat our meal in fear. Sbaksp. regards of private advantage.
Disjoi'nt. participle. [from the verb.) Disi'NTERESTED. adj. (from disinterest.]
Separated ; divided, We now write 3. Superiour to regard of private advan
Holding a weak supposal of our worth,
Our state to be disjoint and out of frame. Shaks.
. DIS JUDICA’TION. n.s. [dijudicatio, Lat. ) 2. Without any concern in an affair ; without fear or hope.
Judgment; determination : perhaps
only mistaken for dijudication. Disi'NTERESTEDLY. adv. [from disinte
The disposition of the organ is of great imrested.] In a disinterested manner.
portance in the disjudications we make of colours. Disi'NTERESTEDNESS. 11. s. [from disin
terested.] Contempt of private interest; DISJU'NCT, adj. [disjunctus, Lat.) Disneglect of personal profit.
joined ; separate. These expressions of selfishness and disinte- DisJU'NCTION. n. s. [from disjunctio, restedness have been used in a very loose and Lat.] Disunion ; separation ; parting. indeterminate manner.
Dict. There's no disjunction to be made, but by
Sbakspeare's Winter's Tale. To retract an invitation.
There is a great analogy between the body To Disjo'ın. v. a. (dejoindre, Fr. dis
natural and politic, in which the ecclesiastical or and join.] To separate; to part from
spiritual part justly supplies the part of the soul;
and the violent separation of this from the other, each other; to disunite ; to sunder. does as certainly infer death and dissolution, as
Never shall my harp thy praise the disjunction of the body and the soul in the Forget, nor from thy father's praise disjoin.
1. Incapable of union.
Such principles, whose atoms are of that disMilton.
junctive nature, as not to be united in a sufficient Happier for me, that all our hours assiyn'd
number to make a visible mass.
Grew. Together we had liv'd; ev'n not in death dis
2. That marks separation or opposition : join'd.
Dryden. as, I love bim, or fear bim.
There are such words as disjunctive conjunc-
. the Spanish monarchy.
Addison. 3. In logick.
A disjunctive proposition is when the parts are 1. To put out of joint.
opposed to one another by disjunctive particles: Be all their ligaments at once unbound, as, it is either day or night ; The weather is eitber And their disjointed bones to powder ground.
sbiny or rainy; Quantity is either length, brendtb,
Sandys. or depth. The truth of disjunctives depends on Yet what could swords or poison, racks or the necessary and immediate opposition of the flame,
parts, therefore only the last of these examples But mangle and disjoint the brittle frame? is true: but the two first are not strictly true; More fatal Henry's words; they murder Em
because twilight is a medium between day and ma's fame.
Prior. night; and dry cloudy weather is a medium bem 2. To break at junctures; to separate at
tween shining and raining, the part where there is a cemeni.
A disjunctive syllogism is when the major pro
position is disjunctive : as, the earth moves in a Mould'ring arches, and disjointed columns.
circle, or an ellipsis; but it does not move in a Irene.
circle, therefore it moves in an ellipsis. Waits.
DISJU'NCTIVELY, adv. (from disjunc- people, and to put away the dislikeful concett of tive.) Distinctly; separately.
the one and the other. Spenser's Irelande What he observes of the numbers disjunctively To Disli'KEN. v. a: (dis and liken.) and apart, teason suggests to be applicable to the To make unlike. Unusual., whole body united. Decoy of Piety.
Muffle your face, DISK. n. s. (discus, Latin.)
Dismantle you; and, as you can, disliken 1. The face of the sun, or any planet, as
The truth of your own seeming. it appears to the eye.
Disli'KENESS. n. s. (dis and likeness.) The disk of Phæbus, when he climbs on high,
Dissimilitude ; not resemblance ; unAppears at first but as a bloodshot eye. Dryden.
likeness. It is to be considered, that the rays, which are That which is not designed to represent any equally refrangible, do fall upon a circle answer- thing but itself, can never be capable of a wrong ing to the sun's disk.
Newton. representation, nor mislead us from the truc apMercury's disk.
prehension of any thing by its dislikeness to it; Can scarce be caught by philosophic eye,
and such, excepting those of substances, are all Lost in the near effulgence. Thomson. our own complex ideas.
Locks 3. A broad piece of iron thrown in the DisliKER. N. s. [from dislike.) A disancient sports; a quoit.
approver; one that is not pleased. The crystal of the eye, which in a fish is a There is a point, which whoever can couch, ball, in any land animal is a disk or bowl; being will never fail of pleasing a majority, so great hereby fitted for the clearer sight of the object. that the dislikers will be forced to fall in with Grezu. the herd.
Swift. In areas varied with mosaic art,
To Disli’MB. v. a. [dis and limb.) To Some whiri the disk, and some the jav'lin dart.
dilaniate ; to tear limb from limb. Dict.
Pope. To Dislimn. v.a. [dis and limn,] To DISKI'NDNESS. n. s. [dis and kindness.j 1. Want of kindness; want of affection ;
unpaint; to strike out of a picture.
That which is now a horse, even with a thought want of benevolence,
The rack dislimns, and makes it indistinct 2. Ill turn ; injury; act of malignity; As water is in water. detriment.
To Di'sLOCATE. u. a. (dis and locus, This discourse is so far from doing any diskinula Latin.] ness to the cause, that it does it a real service.
1. To put out of the proper place. Woodward.
After some time the strata on all sides of the Dislike. #. s. [from the verb.}
globe were dislocated, and their situation varied, 1. Disinclination; absence of affection; being clevated in some places, and depressed in the contrary to fondness.
Woodward He then them took, and tempering goodly 2. To put out of joint; to disjoint, well
Were 't my fitness Their contrary dislikes with loved means,
To let these hands obey my boiling blood, Did place them all in order, and compel They're apt enough to dislocate and tear To keep themselves within their sundry reigns, Thy flesh and bones, Sbakspeare's King Lear. Together link'd with adamantine chains. Spenser. DISLOCA’TION. n. s. [from dislocate. )
Your dislikes, to whom I would be pleasing, Do cloud my joys with danger and with sorrow.
1. The act of shifting the places of things. Sbakspeare.
2. The state of being displaced. God's grace, that principle of his new birth, The posture of rocks, often leaning or prosgives him continual dislike co sin. Hammond. trate, shews that they had some dislocation from Our likings or dislikes are founded rather upon their natural site.
Burnet. humour and fancy, than upon reason. L'Estr. 3. A luxation; a violent pressure of a
Sorrow would have been as silent as thought, bone out of the socket, or corresponas severe as philosophy. It would have rested in
dent part; a joint put out. inward senses, tacit dislikes.
I might go awry either within or without the The jealous man is not angry if you dislike another; but if you find those faults which are
upper, as often as it is forcibly pulled to it, and
so cause a distration, or a strain." Grew. in his own character, you discover not only your dislike of another, but of himself. Addison. To Disco'dge. V. a. [dis and lodge.] 2. Discord; dissension ; disagreement. 1. To remove from a place. This sense is not now in use.
The shell-fish which are resident in the depths This said Aletes, and a murmur rose
live and die there, and are never dislodged or reThat shew'd dislike among the christian peers.
moved by storms, nor cast upon the shores; Fairfax.
which the littorales usually are. Woodward. To Dislike. v. a. [dis and like.] Το 2. To remove from a habitation. disapprove; to regard without affec
These senses lost, behold a new defeat, tion ; to regard with ill-will or disgust.
The soul dislodging from another seat. Dryden. What most he should dislike seems pleasant to
3. To drive an enemy from a station.
My sword can perfect what it has begun, What like, offensive. Shakspeare's King Lear. And from your walls dislodge that haughty son. Ye dislike, and so undo
Dryder. The players, and disgrace the poet too. Denbam. 4. To remove an army to other quarters. Whosoever dislikes the digressions, or grow's
The ladies have prevailid, weary of them, may throw them away. Timple. The Volscians are dislodg’d, and Marcus gove. DISLIKEFUL. adj. [dislike and full. [Dis
Sbakspeare. affected ; malign. Not in use.
To Disco'dGE. V, n. To go away to I think it best, by an union of manners, and
another place. conformity of minds, to bring them to be ate Soon as midnight brought on the dusky hour,
Friendliest to sleep, and silence, he resolvid
This is most strange! With all his legions to dislodge. Milton. That she, who ev'n but now was your best DISLO'YAL. adj. [desloyal, French; dis
Dearest and best, should in this trice of time and loyal.]
Commit a thing so monstrous, to dismantle 1. Not true to allegiance; faithless ; false
So many folds of favour.
Sbakspeare to a sovereign; disobedient.
3. To strip a town of its outworks. Foul distrust, and breach
It is not sufficient to possess our own fort, Disloyal ; on the part of man, revolt
without the dismantling and demolishing of our And disobedience.
Hakewill 2. Dishonest; perfidious,
4. To break down any thing external. Such things, in a false disloyal knave,
His eyeballs, rooted out, arethrown toground; Are tricks of custom; but, in a man that's just, His nose dismantled in his mouth is found; They're cold delations working from the heart,
His jaws, cheeks, front, one undistinguish'd That passion cannot rule. Sbakspeare's Olbello.
wound. 3. Not true to the marriage-bed.
To Disma'sk. v.a. [dis and mask.) To The lady is disloyal. Disloyal! The word is too good to paint
divest of a mask; to uncover from out her wickedness.
concealment. Disloyal town!
Fair ladies mask'd are roses in the bud, Speak, didst not thou
Or angels veil'd in clouds; are roses blown, Forsake thy faith, and break thy nuptial yow ? Dismask'd, their damask sweet commixture
Shakspeare 4. False in love; not constant. The last The marquis thought best todismask his beard; three senses are now obsolete.
and told him that he was going covertly.
Wotton. DisLO'YALLY. adv. [from disloyal.] TO DISMA’Y. v.a. [desmayar, Spanish.) Not faithfully; treacherously; disobe
To terrify; to discourage ; to affright; diently.
to depress; to deject. DisLO'YALTY. n. s. [from disloyal.] Their mighty strokes their haberjeons disj. Want of fidelity to the sovereign.
Spenser. Let the truth of that religion I profess be re
Enemies would not be so troublesome to the presented to judgment, not in the disguises of western coasts, nor that country itself would be levity, schism, heresy, novelty, and disloyalty. so often dismayed with alarms as they have of late King Cbárles. years been.
Raleigb's Essays. 2. Want of fidelity in love. Obsolete. He will not fail thee; fear not, neither be disThere shall appear such seeming truths of
Dett. Hero's disloyalty, that jealousy shall be called
Nothing can make him remiss in the practice Sbakspeare.
of his duty; no prospect of interest can allure DI'SMAL. adj. [dies malus, Latin, an
him, no fear of danger dismay him.
Atterbury. evil day. ] Sorrowful; dire; horrid ;
DISMA’Y. n. s. [desmayo, Spanish.] Fall melancholy; uncomfortable ; unhappy ;
of courage ; terrour felt; desertion of
mind; fear impressed.
All sate mute,
Pondering the danger with deep thoughts; and
each On all sides from innumerable tongues
other's countenance read his own dismay.
Milton. A dismal universal hiss.
Milton, Nor yet in horrid shade or dismal den,
This then, not minded in dismay, yet now
Assures me that the bitterness of death
Milton. The dismal situation waste and wild
DISMA'Yedness. n. s. [from dismay.] DeA dungeon horrible!
Milton, jection of courage ; dispiritedness. Such a variety of dismal accidents must have The valiantest feels inward dismayedness, and broken the spirits of any man. Clarendon. On the one hand set the most glittering temp
yet the fearfullest is ashamed fully to shew it. tations to discord, and on the other view the
DI’SME. n. s. [French.] A tenth ; the dismal effects of it.
Decay of Piety.
part ; tithe. Dismal screams.
Since the first sword was drawn about this Di'SMALLY. adv. [from dismal.] Horri.'
Ev'ry tithe soul 'mongst many thousand dismes bly ; sorrowfully; uncomfortably.
Hath been as dear as Helen.
Sbakspeare. DI'sMALNESS, 1. s. [from dismal.] Horo The pope began to exercise his new rapines by
a compliance with king Edward, in granting him rour; sorrow. TO DISMA’NTLE. v.a. [dis and mantle.) To Dismeʼmber. v.a. [dis and member.)
two years disme from the clergy. 1. To deprive of a dress; to strip; to
To divide member from member; to denude. He that makes his prince despised and under
dilacerate ; to cut in pieces. valued, and beats him out of his subjects hearts,
I am with both, each army hath a hand;
And in their rage, I having hold of both, may easily strip him of his other garrisons, hay
They whirl asunder, and dismember me.
Shak. ing already dispossessed him of his strongest, by dismantling him of his honour, and seizing his
o, that we then could come by Cæsar's spirit, reputation.
And not dismember Cæsar! but, alas!
Cæsar must bleed for it. 2. To loose; to throw off a dress; to
A state can never arrive to its period in a
Sbakspeare throw open.
more deplorable crisis, than when some prince