« ForrigeFortsett »
Les hovering, like a vulture, to devour or dismem- Th' offence is holy that she hath committed; her its dying carcass.
Swift. And this deceit loses the name of craft,
Of disobedience, or unduteous title.
Pope's 'Odyssey Of that forbidden tree, sing heav'nly muse. Those who contemplate only the fragments or
Milton pieces of science dispersed in short unconnected Murder, adultery, or disobedience, to parents, discourses, can never survey an entire body of have a general notion antecedently to laws. truth, but must always view it as deformed and
Stilling fleet. dismembered.
Watts. This is not disobedience, but rebellion; 'tis disTo DISMI'SS. v. a. [dimissus, Latin.] claiming the sovereignty of Christ, and renounc1. To send away.
ing all allegiance to his authority. Rogers. We commit thee thither
2. Incompliance. Until his army be dismiss'd from him. Sbaks. If planetary orbs the sun obey, He dismissed the assembly.
dots. Why should the moon disown bis sovereign 2. To give leave of departure.
Why in a whirling eddy of her own If our young lülus be no more,
Around the globe terrestrial should she run; Dismiss our navy from your friendly shore.
This disobedience of the moon will prove
The sun's bright orb does not the planets move. 3. To discard ; to divest of an office.
Blackmore. Dismission. n. s. (from dimissiv, Lat.] Disobe'dient. adj. [dis and obedient.) 1. Dispatch; act of sending away.
Not observant of lawful authority; So pois'd, so gently she descends from high, k seeins a soft dismission from the sky. Dryden.
guilty of the breach of lawful com2. An honourable discharge from any mands, or prohibition. office or place.
The man of God was disobedient unto the
word of the Lord. Not only thou degrad'st them, or remit'st
1 Kings. To life obscure, which were a fair dismission; To Disobe'y. v.a. [dis and obey.) To But throw'st them lower than thou didst exalt
break commands, or transgress prothem high. Milton's Agonistes.
hibitions. 3. Deprivation ; obligation to leave any
She absolutely bade him, and he durst not post or place.
know how to disobey.
Sidney You must not stay here longer; your dismission
He's loth to disobey the god's command, Is come from Cæsar.
Sbakspeare. Nor willing to forsake this pleasant land. To DismO'RTGAGE. v.a. [dis and mort
Denhamn gage.) To redeem from mortgage. DISOBLIGATION. n. s. [dis and obliga.
He dismortgaged the crown demesnes, and left tion.] Offence ; cause of disgust. behind a mass of gold. Howel's Vocal Forest,
If he receded from what he had promised, it To Dismo'unt. v.a. [demonter, French.] would be such a disobligation to the prince that 1. To throw off a horse.
he would never forget it.
Clarendon. From this flying steed unrein'd, as once
There can be no malice, and consequently no Bellerophon, though from a lower clime,
crime or disobligation.
L'EstrangeDismounted on th Aleian field I fall. Milton. TO DISOBLIGE. v. a. [dis and oblige.} 2. To throw from any elevation or place
To offend; to disgust; to give offence of honour.
A term by which offence is ten3. To throw a cannon from its carriage. derly expressed The Turks artillery, planted against that tower,
Ashley had been removed from that charge, was by the christian cannoneers dismounted with shot from the tower, and many of the gunners
and was thereby so much disobliged, that he quitted the king's party:
Those, though 'in highest place, who slight To Dismo'unt. v. n.
and disoblige their friends, shall infallibly come 1. To alight from a horse.
to know the value of them, by having none When he came within sight of that prodigious when they shall most need them. South. army at Agincourt, he ordered all his cavalry to It is in the power of more particular persons dismount, and implore upon their knees a blessing. in this kingdom, than in any other, to distress
Addison's Freebolder. the government, when they are disobliged. 2. To descend from any elevation.
Addison's Freebolder. To DISNA'TURALIZE. v.a. [dis and na
My plan has given offence to some gentlemen,
whom it would not be very safe to disoblige. turalize.] To alienate; to make alien ;
Addison's Guardian. to deprive of the privileges of birth. We love and esteem our clergy, and are apt DISNA'TURED. adj. [dis and nature.]
to lay some weight upon their opinion, and would Unnatural; wanting natural tender
not willingly disoblige them.
If a woman suffers her lover to see she is lóth ness; devoid of natural affection. Un
to disoblige him, let her beware of an encroacher, usual.
Clariste. If she must teem,
DISOBLIGING. participial adj. [from Create her child of spleen, that it may, live, And be a thwart disnatur'd torment to her.
disoblige.] Disgusting; unpleasing ; of
fensive. Sbakspeare's King Lear. DISOBE'DIENCE. n.s. (dis and obedience.]
Peremptoriness can befit no form of under1. Violation of lawful command or pro.
standing : it renders wise men disobliging and
troublesome, and fools ridiculous and contempte hibition ; breach of duty due to su. ible.
Government of the Tonya. periours.
DISOBLIGINGLY. adv. (from disoblig
ing.) In a disgusting or offensive man- That this our court, infected with their manners, ner; without attention to please.
Shews like a ristous inn.
Sbakesp. King Lear. DISOBLIGINGNESS. n. s, [from disoblig- DisoʻRDEREDNESS. #.s. (from disordering.) Offensiveness ; readiness to dis- ed.). Irregularity; want of order;
confusion. gust. DisoʻRBED. adj. [dis and orb.] Thrown
E that disorderedness of the soldiers, a great out of the proper orbit.
advantage was offered unto the enemy. Knolles. Fly like chidden Mercury from Jove,
DisoʻRDERLY. adj. [from disorder. ] Or like a star disorb'd.
1. Confused; immethodical ; without DisoʻRDER. 1. s. [dis and order; desor.
proper distribution. dre, French.)
Those obsolete laws of Henry 1. were but disa 1. Want of regular disposition; irregula
orderly, confused, and general things; rather
cases and shells of administration than institurity; confusion ; immethodical distri. tions.
2. Irregular; tumultuous. When I read an author of genius without They thought it the extremest of evils to put method, I fancy myself in a wood that abounds themselves at the mercy of those hungry and with many noble objects, rising among one ano- disorderly people.
Bacon. ther in the greatest confusion and disorder.
His thoughts, which are the pictures and
Spectator. results of passions, are generally such as naturally 2. Tumult; disturbance; bustle.
arise froni those disorderly motions of our spirits. A greater favour this disorder brought
Dryder. Unto her servants, than their awful thought
A disorderly multitude contending with the Durst entertain, when thus compellid they body of the legislature, is like a man in a fit prest
under the conduct of one in the fulness of his The yielding marble of her snowy breast.
health and strength.
Addison. Waller. 3. Neglect of rule, irregularity.
3. Lawless ; contrary to law; inordinate; From vulgar bounds with brave disorder part,
contrary to the rules of life; vitious. And snatch a grace beyond the reach of art.
He reproved them for their disorderly assemPope.
blies against the peaceable people of the realms. 4. Breach of laws; violation of standing DisoʻRDERLY. adv. (from disorder.}
1. Without rule; without method ; irreThere reigned in all men blood, manslaughter, disquieting of good men, forgetfulness of good
gularly ; confusedly. turns, and disorder in marriages. Wisdoin.
Naked savages fighting disorderly with stones, S. Breach of that regularity in the animal
by appointment of their
commanders, may truly
and absolutely be said to war. Raleigh. economy which causes health ; sick.
2. Without law; inordinately, ness; distemper. It is used commonly We behaved not ourselves disorderly among for a slight disease.
2 Tbessalonians. Pleasure and pain are only different constitu- Disoʻrdinate. adj. [dis and ordinate. ) tions of the mind, sometimes occasioned by dise order in the body, or sometimes by thoughts in
Not living by the rules of virtue ; in. the mind.
ordinate. 6. Discomposure of mind; turbulence of These not disordinate, yet causeless suffer passions.
The punishment of dissolute days. Milton. To DisoʻRDER. V. a. (dis and order.]
DisoʻRDINATELY. adv. [from disordi3. To throw into confusion; to confound;
nate. ] Inordinately; vitiously. to put out of method; to disturb; to
DisoʻRIENTATED. adj. [dis and orient.]
Turned from the east ; turned from the ruffle; to confuse. Eve,
right direction; thrown out of the Not so repuls'd, with tears that ceas'd not flowing, proper place.
Harris. And tresses all disorder'd, at his feet
To Diso'wN. v. a. [dis and own.] Fell humble.
1. To deny, not to allow. Yon disorder'd heap of ruin lies,
Then they, who brother's better claim disown, Stones rent from stones, where clouds of dust
Expel their parents, and usurp the throne.
Dryden's Æneid. The incursions of the Goths, and other bar
2. To abnegate ; to renounce. barous nations, disordered the affairs of the Roman empire.
When an author has publickly disowned a 2. To make sick; to disturb the body :
spurious piece, they have disputed his name with him.
Swift. as, my dinner disorders me.
TO DISPA'ND. v.a. [dispando, Latin.] 3. To discompose; to disturb the mind.
To display; to spread abroad. Diet. 4. To turn out of holy orders; to depose; DispA'NSION. n. s. [from dispansus, Lat.] to strip of ecclesiastical vestments. The act of displaying the act of
Let him be stript, and disordered; I would fain see him walk in querpo, that the world may To DISPA'RAGE. v.a. [from dispar,
spreading ; diffusion; dilatation. behold the inside of a friar.
Dryden. DisoʻRDERED. adj. (from disorder.] Dis
Latin.] orderly; irregular; vitious;"loose ; unre
1. To marry any one to another of infe. strained in behaviour ; debauched.
riour condition, Here do you keep a hundred knights and
2. To match unequally'; to injure hy squires,
union with something inferiour in exMeni so disorder'd, so debauch'd and bold,
3. To injure by a comparison with soine- 1. Inequality; difference in degree either thing of less value.
of rank or excellence. 4. To treat with contempt; to mock; to Between Elihu and the rest of Jcb's familiars, Aout; to reproach.
the greatest disparity was but it years. Hooker. Ahaz, his sottish conqueror, he drew
Among unequals, what society God's altar to disparage and displace,
Can sort, what harmony or true delight! For one of Syrian mode. Milton's Paradise Lost.
Which must be mutual in proportion due Thou durst not thus disparagę glorious arms,
Giv'n and receiv'd, but in disparity, Which greatest heroes have in battle worn,
The one intense, the other still remiss,
Cannot well suit with either, but soon prove Their ornament and safety. Milton's Agonistes.
Milton's Paradise Lost. They will defy That which they love most tenderly;
There was as great a disparity between the Quarrel wieb minc'd pies, and disparage
practical dictates of the understanding, then Their best and dearest friend, plumn-porridge.
and now, as there is between empire and advice, Hudibras.
South. counsel and command.
Men ought not to associate and join themselves s. To bring reproach upon ; to be the
together in the same office, under a disparity of cause of disgrace.
Ayliffe's Parergon. How shall frail pen, with fear disparaged,
Some members must preside, and others obey; Conceive such sovereign glory and great boun- and a disparity in the outward condition is necesa tihed?
Spenser. sary to keep several ordersin mutuai dependence His religion sat easily, naturally, and grace- on each other.
Rogers. fully upon him, without any of those forbidding
2. Dissimilitude ; unlikeness. appearances which sometimes disparage the
To DispA'RK. v.a. [dis and park.] actions of men sincerely pious. Miterbury. DISPA'R AGEMENT. 7. s. [from dispa
1. To throw open a park.
You have fed upon my seignories, rage.]
Dispark'd my parks, and felld my forest woods. 1. Injurious union or comparison with
Shakspeare. something of inferiour excellence.
2. To set at large ; to release from encloThey take it for a disparagement to sort them
sure. selves with any other than the enemies of the
They were suppos'd public peace.
By narrow wits to be inclos'd; 2. [In law.] Matching an heir in mar.
Till his free muse threw down the pale, riage under his or her degree, or against And did at once dispark them all. Waller. decency.
Cowell. To DISPAʻrt. v.a. [dis and part; depurYou wrongfully do require Mopsa to so great tir, French ; dispertior, Latin.) To dia disparagement as to wed her father's servant.
vide in two; to separate ; to break; to
burst; to rive. which did stir great envy in the lords of the
The gate nor wood, nor of enduring brass, king's side, who counted her blood a disparage
But of more worth; substance framed was; ment to be iningled with the king's. Bacon.
Doubly disparted, it did lock and close,
That when it locked none might through it pass. 3. Reproach; disgrace; indignity. Gentle knight,
On either side
Disparted chaos overbuilt exclaim'd
And with rebounding surge the bars assail’d, And great disparagement makes to his former That scorn'd his indignation.
The rest to several places,
Disparted, and between spun out the air. occasioned, when able spirits, attracted by a
Milton. familiarity, are inflamed with faction. Wotton.
Disparted Britain mourn'd their doubtful Tis no disparagement to philosophy, that it can
sway, not deify us.
And dreaded both, when neither would obey. Reason is a weak, diminutive light compared
Prior. to revelation; but it ought to be no disparage
The pilgrim oft ment to a star that it is not a sun. South.
At dead of night, 'míd his orison, hears,
Aghast, the voice of time disparting tow'rs. ment of that to talk of conditions, when you
Dyer. are certain of making your own terms.
11. s. [dis and passion.] 4. It has to before the person or thing
Freedom from mental perturbation ; disparaged.
exemption from passion. Then to our age, when not to pleasure bent,
What is called by the Stoicks apathy, or disThis seems an honour not disparagement.
passion, is called by the Scepticks indisturbance, Denham.
by the Molenists quietisni, by common men The play was never intended for the stage; DisPASSIONATE. adj. [from dis and pas
peace of conscience.
Taples nor, without disparagement to the author, would have succeeded.
sionate.] Cool; calm ; impartial ; mo. Dispa'RAGER. n. s. [from disparage.] derate; temperate: it was sometimes
One that disgraces; one that treats with written dispassionated. indignity; one that contrives an un- You have, as all dispassionated men may judge, equal match.
fulfilled the poet's definition of madness.
Dr. Maine. Di'SPARATES. 1.5. [disparata, Latin.]
Wise and dispassionate men thought he had Things so unlike that they cannot be been proceeded with very justly.
Clarendon. compared with each other.
TO DISPE'L. v.a. (dispolio, Latin.] To Dispa'RITY, 1. so [from dispar, Latin.) drive by scattering; to dissipate: VOL. II,
If the night
Those to whom Christ has committed the Have gather'd aught of evil, or conceald, dispensing of his gospel. Decay of Piety. Disperse it, as now light dispels the dark.
At length the muses stand restor'd again,
Milton. While you dispense the laws, and guide the state. When the spirit brings right into our minds,
Dryden. it dispels darkness: we see it, as we do that of To them but earth-born life they did dispense; the sun at noon, and need noţ the twilight of Tó us, for mutual aid, celestial sense. Tate. reason to shew it.
Locke. 2. To make up a medicine. DISPE'NCE. N. s. [dispence, French.) Ex. 3. To Dispense with. To excuse; to pence; cost; charge ; profusion.
grant dispensation for; to allow : beIt was a vault ybuilt for great dispence,
fore things. With many ranges rear'd along the wall,
To save a brother's life, And one great chimney, whose long funnel
Nature dispenses with the deed. Sbaksp. thence
How few kingdoms are there, wherein, by The smoke forth threw.
dispensing with oaths, absolving subjects from TO DISPE'ND. via. [dispendo, Latin.)
allegiance, and cursing, or threatening to curse, To spend; to consume; to expend. as long as their curses were regarded, the popes
Of their commodities they were now scarce have not wrought innumerable mischiefs. able to dispend the third part. Spenser.
Raleigh. DISPE'NSARY. n. s. [from dispense.] The Rules of words may be dipensed with. Watts
. place where medicines are dispensed. 4. T. DISPENSE with : before persons.
To thee the lov'd dispens'ry I resign. Garth. To set free from an obligation. This DISPENSA’TION. ni's. (from dispensatio, construction seems ungrammatical. Latin.)
I could not dispense with myself from making a. Distribution ; the act of dealing out a voyage to Caprea.
Addisin on Italy. any thing.
5. TO DISPENSE with. To obtain a disThis perpetual circulation is constantly pro
pensation from; to come to agreement moted by a dispensation of water promiscuously
with. This structure is irregular, unand indifferently to all parts of the earth. less it be here supposed to mean,
Woodward's Natural History. as it may, to discount; to pay an equi2. The dealing of God with his crea- vaient.
tures; method of providence; distri- Hast thou not sworn allegiance unto me? tution of good and evil.
Caust thou disperse with heav'n for such an oath? God delights in the ministries of his own
Shakspeare choice, and the methods of grace, in the æco- Dispe’NSE, n. 5. [from the verb.] Dis. pomy of heaven, and the dispensations of eternal
pensation ; exemption. Not in use. happiness. Taylor's Worthy Communicant. Neither are God's methods or intentions dif
Then reliques, beads,
Indulgences, dispenses, pardons, bulls, Serent in his dispensations to each private man.
The sport of winds.
Milton. Rogers. DISPE'NSER. 11. s. [from dispense.] One Do thou, my soul, the destin'd period wait, When God shall solve the dark decrees of fate;
that dispenses ; one that deals out any His now unequal dispensations clear,
thing; a distributer. And make all wise and beautiful appear.
The ministers of that household are the dise Tickel. pensers of that faith.
Spralt. 3. An exemption from some law; a per- Those who stand before earthly princes, who mission to do something forbidden; an
are the dispensers of their favours, and conveyors allowance to cmit something com
of their will to others, challenge high honours. manded,
TO DISPE OPLE. v. a. [dis and people.] A dispensation was obtained to enable Dr.
To depopulate; to empty of people. DISPENSA'TOR. s. [Latin.] One
The Irish, banished into the mountains, where employed in dealing out any thing ; a
they lived only upon white meats, seeing their
lands so rispeopled and weakened, came down distributer.
into the plains.
Spenser. As her majesty hath made them dispensators
Conflagrations, and great droughts, do not of her favour towards her people, so it behoveth merely dispeople, but destroy.
Baconi. them to shew themselves equal distributors of the His heart exalts him in the harm
Bacon. Already done, to have dispeopled hear’n. Milton. DISPE'NSATORY. n. s. [from dispense.)
Kings, furious and severe, A book in which the composition of
Who claim'd the skies, dispeopled air and floods, medicines is described and directed ; in
The lonely lords of empty wilds and woods, the Greek, a Pharmacopeia.
Dispe’opler. n. s. [from dispeople.) A The description of the ointment is found in the chymical dispensatory.
Bacon's Nat. Hist.
depopulator ; a waster, A whole dispensatory was little enough to meet
Nor drain I ponds the golden carp to take; with and suffice to all their wants. Hammond.
Nor growle for pikes, dispeoplers of the lake. Our materia medica is large enough; and, to
Gaya look into our dispensatories, one would think no To Disperge. v. a. [dispergo, Latin.] disease incurable.
To sprinkle; to scatter. T. DISPE'NSE. v. a. [despenser, Fr.]
TO DISPEʻRSE. v. a. (dispersus, Latin.] 1. To deal out; to distribute.
1. To scatter; to drive to different parts. Those now, that were dispens'd
And I scattered them among the heathen, and The burden of many ages, on me light
they were dispersed through the countries. At once, by my ucku wledge.
Barrow to marry.
2. To Dissipate.
2. To put out of any state, condition, Soldiers, disperse yourselves. Shakspeare. office, trust, or dignity. If the night
To displace any who are in, upon displeasure, Have gather'd aught of evil or conceald,
is by all means to be avoided, unless there be a Disperse it, as now light dispels the dark.
manifest cause for it.
Abdal, who commands 3. To deal about ; to distribute.
The city, is the prince's friend, and therefore Being a king that loved wealth, he could not Must be displac'd, and thou shalt straight sucendure to have trade sick, nor any obstruction
Denbam. to continue in the gate vein which dispersetb that A religion, established by God himself, blood.
Bacon. should not be displaced by any thing, under a DISPERSEDLY. adv. [from dispersed.] demonstration of that divine power that first In a dispersed manner; separately.
Soutb. The exquisite wits of some few, peradventure,
One then may be displac'd, and one may reign ; are able, dispersedly here and there, to fină now
And want of merit render birthright vain. a word, and then a sentence, which may be
Dryden. more probably suspected, than easily cleared, of 3. To disorder.
Hooker. You have displac'd the mirth, broke the good Those minerals are either found in grains,
meeting dispersedly intermixed with the corpuscles of
With most admir'd disorder.
Sbaksp. earth or sand, or else amassed into balls or no- Displacency. n. s. [displicentia, Lat.) dules.
Woodward. 1. Incivility; disobligation. DISPERSEDNESS. n. s. [from dispersed.] 2. Disgust; any thing unpleasing.
The state of being dispersed; disper- The displacencies that he receives, by the sion.
consequences of his excess, far outweigh all that DispE'RSENESS. n. s. [from disperse.] To DISPLA'NT. v. a. [dis and plant.]
is grateful in it.
Decay of Piety: Thinness; scatteredness. The torrid parts of Africk are by Piso re
1. To remove a plant. sembled to a libbard's skin, the distance of whose 2. To drive a people from the place in spots represent the disperseness of habitations or which they have fixed their residence. town. in Africk.
Brerewood. All those countries, which, lying neer unto Dispe'r$er, n. s. [from disperse.] A any mountains, or Irish desarts, had been planted. scatterer ; a spreader.
with English, where shortly displanted and lost. Those who are pleased with defamatory libels,
Spenser. so far as to approve the authors and dispersers of
I may justly account new plantations to be them, are as guilty as if they had composed
the children of former kingdoms: I like a planSpectator.
tation in a pure soil; that is, where people are DISPERSION. N. s. (from dispersio, Lat.) DISPLANTATION. n. s. [from dis and
Bacon. 1. The act of scattering or spreading. 2. The state of being scattered.
plantatio.) Noah began from thence his dispersior.
1. The removal of a plant. Raleigh.
2. The ejection of a people. After so many dispersions, and so many divia The Edenites were garrisoned to resist the Assions, two or three of us may yet be gathered syrians, whose displantation Senacherib vaunted together
Releigh. To Dispírit. v. a. [dis and spirit.]
TO DISPLAY. v. a. [desployer, Fr.] 1. To discourage; to deject; to depress; 1. To spread wide. to damp; to terrify; to intimidate; to
The northern wind his wings.did broad display
At his command, and reared him up light. fright; to strike with fear. Certain it is, that the poor man appeared so
There he him found all carelessly display'd, dispirited, that he spoke but few words after he In secret shadow from the sunny ray, came upon the scaffold.
On a sweet bed of lilies softly iaid. Fairy Queen. The providence of God strikes not in with them, but dashes, and even dispirits, all their
2. To exhibit to the sight or mind.
You speak not like yourself, who ever yet endeavours, and makes their designs heartless and ineffectual
Have stood to charity, and display'd th' effecos Steady to my principles, and not dispirited
Of disposition gentle.
Shaksp. with my afflictions, I have overcome all diffi
Thou heav'n's alternate beauty canst display, culties.
The blush of morning, and the milky way. Amidst all the honours that are paid him, he
Dryden. feels nothing in himself but a poor, weak, dispi
The works of nature, and the words of reverited mortal, yielding to the laws of corruption.
lation, display truth to mankind in characters so Regers.
visible, that those, who are not quite blind, may read.
Lecke. 2. To exhaust the spirits; to oppress the The storm the dark Lycæan groves display'd, constitution of the body:
And tirst to light expos'd the sacred shade. He has dispirited himself by a debauch, and
Popes drank away his good humour.
Collier. Say how this instrument of love bugan DISPÉRITEDNESS. n. s. [from dispirit.] And in immortal strains display the fan. Goy. Want of vigour ; want of vivacity:
3. To carve; to cut up.
Dict, He carves, displays, and cuts up to a wonder. To DISPLA'CE. v. a. [dis and place.]
Spectator. 1. To put out of place; to place in an
4. To talk without restraint,
The very ie'low which of late other situation ; as, the chessmen are Display'd so saucily against your highness. displaceu.