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condern our curiosity, or resolve our disa character ; dishonour; want of repu. quisitions.
Bronn. tation. 'Tis indeed the proper place for this disqui
How studiously did they cast a slur vson the sition concerning the antediluvian earth.
king's person, and bring his governing principles The royal society had a good effec", as it DISRESPECT. n. s. (dis and respect.] In
under a disrep ute.
South. turned many of the greatest geniuses of that age to the disquisitions of natural knowledge.
civility ; want of reverence; irreverence; Aldison's Spectator:
an act approaching to rudeness. The nature of animal diet may be discovered Any disrespect to acts of state, or to the perby taste and other sensible qualities, and some sons of statesmen, was in no time more penal. general rules, without particular disquisition upon
Clarendor. debuthnot. Aristotle writ a methodical discourse concernTo DISRA'NK. v.a. [dis and rank.] To
ing these arts, chusing a certain benefit before the degrade from his rank.
hazard that might accrue from the vaia disrospects of ignorant persons.
Wilkins. DISREGA'RD. . s. (dis and regard.] Slight What is more usual to warriours than impanotice; neglect; contempt.
tience of bearing the least affront or disrespect? TO DISREGA RD. u. a. [from the noun.] To slight; to neglect ; to contemn.
DISRESPE'CTFUL. adj. [disrespect and Since we are to do good to the poor, to stran full.] Irreverent ; uncivil. gers, to enemies, those whom nature is too apt to Disrespe'cTFULLY. adv. [from disremake us despise, disregard, or hate, then un
spectful.] Irreverently; uncivilly. doubtedly we are to do good to all.
We cannot believe our posterity will think so
disrespectfully of their great grandmothers, as may regard for the time to come.
that they made theniselves monstrous to appear Smalridge. amiable.
Addison's Spectator. Studious of good, man disregarded fame,
To Disro'be. v. a. (dis and robe.] To And useful knowledge was his eldest aim.
undress; to uncover; to strip. DISREGA'RDFUL. adj. [disregardand full.]
Thus when they had the witch disrobed quite, Negligent; contemptuous.
And all her tilthy feature open shown,
They let her go at will, and wander ways unDISREGA'RDFULLY. adv. [from disre
Spenser. gardful.] Negligently; contemptu
Kill the villain straight, ously.
Disrobe him of the matchless monument, DisRE'LISH n. S. [dis and relish.]
Thy father's triumph o'er the savages,
Sbaks. : 1. Bad taste ; nauseousness.
These two great peers were disrobed of their Oft they assay’d,
glory, the one by judgment, the other by violence.
Wetter. Hunger and thirst constraining; drugg'd as oft With hatefullest disrelish, writh'd their jaws
Who will be prevailed with to disrobe himself With soot and cinders fil'd.
at once of all his old opinions, and pretences to Milton,
knowledge and learning, and turn himself out 2. Dislike of the palate ; squeamishness. stark naked in quest afresh of new notions ? Bread or tobacco may be neglected, where
Lacke. they are shewn not to be useful to health, be- Disru'ption. n. s. [disruptio, Latin.] cause of an indifferency or disrelisb to then.
1. The act of breaking asunder. TO DISRE'LISH. V. a. (from the noun.)
This secures them from disruption which they 1. To make nauseous ; to infect with an
would be in danger of, upon a sudden stretch or contortion.
Ray. unpleasant taste.
2. Breach ; rent ; dilaceration. Fruits of taste to please
The agent which effected this disruption, and True appetite, and not disrelisb thirst
dislocation of the strata, was seated within the Of nectarous draughts between, from milky earth.
Nor make disruption in the threads of air.
Blackmore. 2. To want a taste of; to dislike. The world is become too busy for me: every
DISSATISFA'CTION. n.s. (dis and satisbody is so concerned for the publick, that all
faction. The state of being dissatisprivate enjoyments are lost, or disrelisbed. Pope. fied ; discontent ; want of something to DISREPUTA’TION. n. s. [dis and reputa complete the wish. tion.]
He that changes his condition, out of impati1. Disgrace; dishonour.
ence and dissatisfaction, when he has tried a new I will tell you what was the course in the
one, wishes for his old again.
L'Estranga happy days of queen Elizabeth, whom it is no
The ambitious man has little happiness, but is disreputation to follow.
Addison's Spectator. 2. Loss of reputation ; ignominy.
In vain we try to remedy the defects of our The king fearing lest that the bad success acquisition, by varying the object : the same might discourage his people, and bring disrepu dissatisfaction pursues us through the circle of tation to himself, forbad any report to be made.
Rogers Hayward. DISSATISFA'CTORINESS. n. s. [from disGluttony is not of so great disreputation amongst men as drunkenness.
satisfactory.] Inability to give content.
Taylor's Holy Living: Dissatisfa'ctory. adj. [from dissas DISREPU'TE. 7. s. [dis and repute.] lil
tisfy.] Unable to give content.
Te Diss A’TISFY, V. a. [dis and satisfy. ] 1. To play the hypocrite ; to use false 1. To discontent; to displease.
professions; to wheedle. The advantages of life will not hold out to Ye dissembled in your hearts when ye sent me the length of desire; and, since they are not big unto the Lord your God, saying, Pray for us..
Feremiah enough to satisfy, they should not be big enough to disatisfy.
Collier. I would dissemble with my nature, where 2. To fail to please; to offend by the My fortunes, and my friends, at stake, rewant of something requisite.
I should do so in honour. Shakspeare's Coriol 1 still retain some of my notions, after your
Thy function too will varnish o'er our arts, lordship's having appeared dissatisfied with them.
And sanctity dissembling:
Rowe. Locke. TO DISSEʻCT. v. a. [disseco, Latin.]
2. Shakspeare uses it for fraudulent; uns. To cut in pieces. It is used chiefly of
I that am curtaild of this fair proportion, anatomical inquiries, made by separa Cheated of feature by dissembling nature, tion of the parts of a imal bodies. Deform'd, unfinish'd.
disposition. We lose it in the moment we detect. Pope. Thou dost wrong me, thou dissembler, thou. 2. To divide and examine minutely.
Sbakspeare This paragraph, that has not one ingenuous
The French king, in the business of peace, word throughout, I have dissected for a sample.
was the greater dissembler of the two. Bacon.
Such an one, whose virtue forbiddeth him to
Atterbury. Disse'ction. n.s. [dissectio, Latin.]
be base and a dissembler, shall evermore hang under the wheel
Raleigh 1. The act of separating the parts of animal bodies; anatomy.
'The queen, with rage infiam'd,
Thus greets him: Thou dissembler, would'st She cut her up; but, upon the dissection,
thou fly found her just like other hens. L'Estrange Out of my arms by stealth?
Denban. I shall enter upon the dissection of a coquet's Men will trust no farther than they judge a heart, and cominunicate that curious piece of
person for sincerity fit to be trusted: a discovered anatomy.
Addison. dissembler can achieve nothing great and con2. Nice examination.
South. Such strict enquiries into nature, so true and
Disse ́MBLINGLY. adv. [from disserso perfect a dissection of human kind, is the ble.) With dissimulation; hypocritiwork of extraordinary diligence. Granville. Disse'lsin. n.s. (from disseisir, French.)
They might all have been either dissemblingly An unlawful dispossessing a man of his
spoken, or falsely reported of the equity of the land, tenenient, or other immoveable barbarous king.
Knolles. or incorporeal right.
Cowell. TO DISSEMINATE. v.a. [dissemino, TO DISSEʻIZE. v.a. [disseiser, French.]
Latin.) To scatter as seed; to sow; To dispossess ; to deprive. It is com
to spread every way. monly used of a legal act.
I uses are made of it many times in stirring He so disseized of his griping gross,
up seditions, rebellions, in disseminating of he The knight his thrilliant spear again assaya
resies, and infusing of prejudices. Hammond. la his brass-plated body to emboss. If a prince should give a man, besides his an
There is a nearly uniform and constant fire
or heat disseminated throughout the body of the cient patrimony which his family had been dis
werd. seized of, an additional estate, never before in
The Jews are indeed disseminated through all the possession of his ancestors, he could not be
the trading parts of the world. Addison said to re-establish lineal succession.
By firmness of mind, and freedom of speech, Disse'ZOR. n. s. (from disseize.) He
the gospel was disseminated at first, and muststii that dispossesses another.
Atterbury. To DISSE‘MBLE. v.a. (dissimulo, Lat.
DISSEMINA’TION. (disseminatió, semilance, dissemblance, and probably
Lat.] The act of scattering like seed; the act of sowing or spreading.
Though now at the greatest distance from the beginning of errour, yet we are almoft lost in its dissemination, whose ways are boundless, and confess no circumscription.
Brown. DISSEMINATOR. n. s. [disseminator,
Latin.] He that scatters; a scatterer ; Hayward. a sower; a spreader.
Men, vehemently thirsting after a nane in the world, hope to acquire it by being the dise
seminators of novel doctrines Decay of Piety. DISSE'NSION. n. s. [dissensio, Latin.]
Disagreement; strife; discord; contention ; difference ; quarrel ; breach oé union.
Friends now fast sworn,
Whose hours, whose bed, whose meal, whos Prior.
exercise, Are still together; who twine, as 'twere in love
dissembler, in old French.) 1. To hide under false appearance ; to
conceal; to pretend that not to be which really is.
She answered that her soul was God's; and touching her faith, as she could not change, so
she would noi dissemble it.
Your son Lucentio
To DissEMBLE. W.11.
Unseparable, shall within this hour,
They will admit of matter of fact, and agree On a dissension of a doit, break out
with disserters in that ; but differ only in assignTo bitterest enmity. Sbakspeare's Coriol. ing of reasons.
Locke. Now join your hands, and with your hands 2. One who, for whatever reasons, rea your hearts,
fuses the communion of the English That no dissension hinder government.
church. He appeased the dissension then arising about religion.
Knolles. DISSERTA’TION. 1. s. [dissertatio, Lat.) Grown
A discourse ; a disquisition ; a treatise. In wealth and multitude, factious they grow; Plutarch, in his dissertation upon the Poets, But first among the priests dissension springs. quotes an instance of Homer's judgment in
Milton. closing a ludicrous scene with decency and inDebates, dissensions, uproars are thy joy;
Broome on the Odyssey. Provok'd without offence, and practis'd to de- To Disse'rve. v. a. [dis and serve.] stroy.
Dryien. DISSE'NSIOus. adj. [from dissension.]
To do injury to ; to mischief; to da
mage ; to hurt ; to harm. Disposed to discord; quarrelsome;
Having never done the king the least service, factious; contentious.
he took the first opportunity to disserve him, Either in religion they have a dissensious head, and engaged against him from the beginning or in the commonwealth a factious head.
of the rebellion.
Clarendon. Ascham Desires of things of this world, by their ten Who are they that complain unto the king, dency, promote or disserve our interest in anet That I am stern? They love his grace but other.
Disse'rvice. the s. (dis and service.] In• That fill his ears with such dissensious rumours. jury ; mischief; ill turn.
We shall rather perform good offices unto That, rubbing the poor itch of your opinion,
truth, than any disservice unto relaters who have well deserved.
Brown. Make yourselves scabs. Sbakspeare.
Great sicknesses make a sensible alteration, TO DISSE'NT. von. [dissentio, Latin.] but smaller indispositions do a proportionable 1. To disagree in opinion ; to think in a disservice.
Collier, contrary manner.
Disse'RVICEABLE. adj. (from disservice.] Let me not be any occasion to defraud the publick of what is best, by any morose or per. Disse'RVICEABLENESS, n.s. (from dis
Injurious ; mischievous; hurtful, verse dissentings.
King Charles. What cruelty of heathens has not been match
serviceable. ) Injury; harm; hurt; mised by the inhumanity of dissenting christians ?
chief; damage. Deray of Piety.
All action being for some end, and not the There are many opinions in which multitudes end itself, its aptness to be commanded or forof men dissent from us, who are as good and wise bidden, must be founded upon its serviceableness as ourselves.
or disserviceableness to some end. Norris. 2. To differ; to be of a contrary nature.
TO DISSE'TTLE. v. a. [dis and settle.] We see a general agreement in the secret opi To unsettle ; to unfix. nion of men, that every man ought to embrace To Disse'ver. v. a. [dis and sever.
In the religion which is true, and to shun, as hurtful, whatever dissenteth from it, but that most
this word the particle dis makes no which doth farthest dissent,
change in the signification, and there
fore the word, though supported by 3. To differ from the established church. How will dissenting brethren relish?
great authorities, ought to be ejected, What will malignants say ?
Hudibras. from our language.] To part in two; Disse'nt. n. s. [from the verb.)
to break; to divide; to sunder ; to se2. Disagreement; difference of opinion ;
parate; to disunite.
Shortly had the storm so dissevered the come declaration of difference of opinion. pany, which the day before had tarried together,
In propositions, where, though the proofs in that most of them never met again, but were view are of most moment, yet there are grounds
Sidney. to suspect that there proof as considerable to The dissevering of fleets hath been the overbe produced on the contrary side; their suspense throw of many actions.
Raleigh. or dissent are voluntary actions.
Locke. What could be the reason of this general dis
All downright rains dissever the violence of
outrageous winds, and level the mountainous sent from the notion of the resurrection, seeing billows.
Raleigh. that almost all of them did believe the immor
Dissever yourunited strengths, tality of the soul?
Bentley's Sermons, And part your mingled colour once again. Shak, 2. Contrariety of nature; opposite quality.
The meeting points the sacred hair dissever, Not in use.
From the fair head, for ever and for ever. Popes The dissents of the menstrual or strong waters
Di’ssideNCE. n. s. [dissideo, Latin.] may hinder the incorporation, as well as the dise
Dict. sent of the metals. Therefore where the men Dissilience. n. s. [dissilio, Latin.) The strua are the same, and yet the incorporation act of starting asunder. followeth not, the dissent is in the metals.
Dissi’lient. adj. [dissiliens, Lat.] Start
Bacon. Disse’NTANEOvs. adj. [from dissent.] DissiliTiON. n. s. (dissilio, Lat.). The
ing asunder; bursting in two. Disagreeable ; inconsistent; contrary.
act of bursting in two; the act of startDISSE'NTER. n. s. [from dissent.) 1. One that disagrees, or declares his
The air having much room to receive motion, disagreement, from an opinion,
the Missilitiun of that air was great,
ing different ways:
DISSE'MILAR. adj. (dis and similar. ] Un The circling mountains eddy in,
From the bare wild, the dissipated storin.
Tbomson Simple oil is reduced into dissimilar parts, and
2. To scatter the attention. yields a sweet oil, very differing from sallet oil.
Boyle. This slavery to his passions produced a life The light, whose rays are all alike refrangible, irregular and dissipated.
The wherry that contains
London. If the Auid be supposed to consist of heterogee DISSIPA ́TION. n. s. [dissipatio, Latin.) neous particles, we cannot conceive how those
1. The act of dispersion. dinimilar parts can have a like situation.
The effects of heat are most advanced when Bentley.
it worketh upon a body without loss or dissipaDISSIMILARITY. n. s. (from dissimilar.] tion of the matter.
Bacon. Unlikeness; dissimilitude.
Abraham was contemporary with Peleg, in
Milion. their centre; and the principle of dissimilarity, Where the earth contains nitre within it, if forcing him to repel them with infinite violence that heat which is continually streaming out of from him, must make them intinitely miserable. the earth be preserved, its dissipation prevented,
Cheyne. and the cold kept off by some building, this DISSIMILITUDE. . s.
[dissimilitudo, alone is ordinarily sufficient to raise up the nitre. Lat.] Unlikeness; want of resemblance.
Woodward. Thereupon grew marvellous dissimilitudes, and 3. Scattered attention. by reason thereof jealousies, heartburnings, jars,
I have begun two or three letters to you by and discords.
Hooker. snatches, and been prevented from finishing We doubt, whether the Lord, in different cir them by a thousand avocations and dissipations, cumstances, did frame his people unto any utter
, either with Egyptians or any other To DissoʻCIATE. v. a. [dissocio, Latin.) nation.
To separate ; to disunite; to part.
In the dissociating action, even of the gentlest means whereby to worship God. Stilling fleet.
fire, upon a concrete, there perhaps vanish sume As human society is founded in the similitude
active and fugitive particles, whose presence was of some things, so it is promoted by some cer
requisite to contain the concrete under such a tain dissimilitudes.
Boyle. Women are curious observers of the likeness DissoʻLVABLE. adj. [from dissolve.] Caof children to parents, that they may, upon find
pable of dissolution; liable to be ing dissimilitude, have the pleasure of hinting un
melted. Pope's Odyssey, Notes. Such things as are not dissolvable by the moisDISSIMULA'TION. 1. s. [dissimulatis, Lat.)
ture of the tongue, act not upon the taste. The act of dissembling; hypocrisy; Dissoluble. adj. [dissolubilis, Latin.]
Newton fallacious appearance ; false pretensions. Dissimulation is but a faint kind of policy; for
Capable of separation ; having one part it asketh a strong wit, and a strong heart, to
separable from another by heat or know when to tell truth, and to do it. Bacon.
Nodules, reposed in cliffs amongst the earth,
being hard and not so dissoluble, are left behind. Milton.
Woodward's Natural History. Dissimulation may be taken for a bare concealment of one's mind; in which sense we com
DISSOLUBI’LITY. n. s. [from dissolubie.)
Liableness to suffer a disunion of parts to dissemble inSouth,
by heat or moisture; capacity of being dissolved.
Bodies seem to have an intrinsick principle of
alteration, or corruption, from the dissolubility of which under the earth is contained and' held
their parts, and the coalition of several particles in; but when it cometh to the air, it exhaleth.
endued with contrary and destructive qualities
each to others Hale's Origin of Mankind. ing of corpuscles which are extremely small and The parts of plants are very tender, as consist To DISSOʻLVE. v. a. [dissolvo, Latin.]
1. To destroy the form of any thing by
disuniting the parts with heat or mois-
pieces, and dissolved, at the deluge. Woodru. Woodward. 2. To break; to disunite in any manner. to quench
Seeing then that all these things shall be dis
solved, what manner of persons ought ye to be?: Ray
Into thin air diffus'd.
monly say, that it is prudence
light, and'therefore the more easily dissipable.
Woodward's Natural Hisiory. Te DISSIPATE. v.a. [dissipatus, Lat.) 1. To scatter every way; to disperse.
The heat at length grows so great, that it
It is covered with skin and hair,
which it brought.
3. To Joose; to break the ties of
any Loose; wanton ; unrestrained; disthing.
solved in pleasures; luxurious; de.
A giant huge and tall,
Such stand in narrow lanes, In height of all their flowing wealth dissolv'd. And beat our watch, and rob our passengers;
While he, young, wanton, and effeminate boy, The commons live, by no divisions rent; Takes on the point of honour, to support But the great monarch's death dissolves the ga So dissolute a crew.
Shalspeare's Richard II. Dryden.
man of little gravity, or abstinence in plea4. To separate persons united: as, to
sures; yea, sometimes almost dissolute. dissolve a league.
Haywardo She and I, long since contracted,
They, cool'd in zeal, Are now so sure that nothing can dissolve us. Thenceforth shall practice how to live secure,
Worldly, or dissolute, on what their lords $. To break up assemblies.
Shall leave them to enjoy:
Milton. By the king's authority alone, and by his The true spirit of religion banishes indeed all writs, parliaments are assembled ; and by him levity of behaviour, all vicious and dissolute alone they are prorogued and dissolved; but each mirth; but, in exchange, fills the mind with a house may adjourn itself. Bacon to Villiers. perpetual serenity.
Addison's Spect. 6. To solve; to clear.
The beauty of religion the most dissolute are 'forced to acknowledge.
Rogers. And I have heard of thee, that thou canst make interpretations, and dissolve doubts. Di'ssolutely. adv. [from dissolute.]
Daniel. Loosely; in debauchery; without re7. To break an énchantment.
straint. Highly it concerns his glory now
Whereas men have lived dissolutely and unTo frustrate and dissolve the magick spells. righteously, thou hast tormented them
with their Milton. own abominations.
Wisdom 3, To be relaxed by pleasure.
Di'sSOLUTENESS. n. s. [from dissolute.] Angels dissolu'd in hallelujahs lie. Dryden.
Looseness i laxity of manners , deTo DissoʻLVE, V.n.
bauchery: 1. To be melted; to be liquefied.
If we look into the common mannagement, All putrefaction, it it dissolve not in rarefac we shall have reason to onder, in the great tion, will in the end issue into plants or living dissoluteness of manners which the world comcreatures bred of putrefaction.
Bacon. plains of, that there are any footsteps at all left As wax dissolves, as ice begins to run
Locke. And trickle into drops before the sun, So melts the youth, and languishes away.
Dissolu’TION. n. s. [dissolutio, Latin.) Addison's Ovid.
1. The act of liquefying by heat or mois2. To sink away; to fall to nothing.
If there be more, more woeful, hold it in; 2. The state of being liquefied. For I am almost ready to dissolve,
3. The state of melting away; liquefacHearing of this. Sbakspeare's King Lear. tion. 3. To melt away in pleasures.
I am as subject to heat as butter; a man of Dissoʻlvent. adj. (from dissolve.) Hav continual dissolution and thaw. Sbaksp. ing the power of dissolving or melting. 4. Destruction of any thing by the sepaIn man and viviparous quadrupeds, the food,
ration of its parts. moistened with the spittle, is first chewed, then swallowed into the stomach, where, being
The elements were at perfect union in his mingled with dissolvent juices, it is concocted,
body; and their contrary qualities served not
for the dissolution of the compound, but the vamacerated, and reduced into a chyle. Ray. riety of the composure. DissoʻLVENT. n. s. [from the adjective.] s. The substance formed by dissolving
South. That which has the power of disuniting the parts of any thing.
Weigh iron and aqua-fortis severally; then Spittle is a great dissolvent, and there is a
dissolve the iron in the aqua-fortis, and weigh the great quantity of it in the stomach, being swal
Bacon. lowed constantly.
Arbutbnot. DissoʻLVER. n. s. [from dissolve.] That
6. Death; the resolution of the body into
its constituent elements. which has the power of dissolving.
The life of man is always either increasing Fire, and the more subtle dissoloer, putrefac towards ripeness and perfection, or declining and tion, by dividing the particles of substances,
decreasing towards rottenness and dissolution. turn them black.
Arbuthnot. Hot mineral waters are the best dissolvers of
Immediate dissolution, which we thought DissoʻLVIBLE, adj. [from dissolve. It is
Was meant by death that day.
Milton. commonly written dissolvable, but less 7. Destruction. properly. ] Liable to perish by disso.
He determined to make a present dissolution
of the world. lution.
Hookers Man, that is even upon the intrinsick consti
When this world's dissolution shall be ripe. tution of his nature dissolvible, must, by being in an eternal duration, continue immortal. Hale.
Would they have mankind lay aside all care DISSOLUTE, adj. (dissolutus, Latin.] of provisions by agriculture or commeroe, bem
He thence shall come,