[ocr errors]

tsuse possibly the dissolution of the world may the mind off from any purpose or purhappen the next moment?


suit. 8. Breach or ruin of any thing compacted The meaniness, or the sin, will scarce be disor united.

suasives to those who have reconciled themselves Is a man confident of wealth and power ?

to both.

Governvient of the Tongue. Why let him read of those strange unexpected TV DissU'NDER. v. a. (dis and sider. dissolutions of the great monarchies and govern

This is a barbarous word. See Disments of the world.

Soutbe 9. The act of breaking up an assembly.

Sever.] To sunder; to separate.

But when her draught the sea and earth disso. Looseness of manners; laxity; re

sunder'd, missness ; dissipation.

The troubled bottoms turn'd up, and she thuatA longing after sensual pleasures is a dissolu


Chapman. tiza of the spirit of a man, and makes it loose; Diss Y'LLABle, n. s. [discúrra63.] A soft, and wandering, unapt for noble or spiritual employments.

Bp. Taylor.

word of two syllables. fame makes the mind loose and gayish, scat

No man is tied, in modern poetry, to observe ters the spirits, and leaves a kind of dissolution any farther rule in the feet of his verse, but that upon all the faculties.

Soutb. they be dissyllables; whether spondee, trochee, An universal dissolution of manners began to or iambique, it matters not.

Dryden. prevail

, and a professed disregard to all fixed Di'staff. 1. s. [distæf, Saxon.] principles.

Atterbury. 1. The staff from which the flax is drawn
DISSONANCE. n. s. [dissonans, Latin;

in spinning
dissonance, Fr.) A mixture of harsh, In sum, proud Boreas never ruled fleet,
unpleasing, unharmonious sounds ; un-

Who Neptune's web on danger's distaff spins, suitableness of one sound to another.

With greater pow'r than she did make them

Still govern thou my song,
But drive far off the barbarous dissonance

Each way, as she that age's praise did bend. -
Of Bacchus and his revellers.

The Latin tongue is a dead language, and none

Weave thou to end this web which I begin; can decide with confidence on the harmony or

I will the distaf hold, come thuu and spin. disarance of the numbers of those times. Garth.

Fairf: Dissonant. adj. [dissonans, Latin.)

Ran Coll our dog, and Talbot, with the band; 1. Harsh; unharmonious.

And Malkin, with her distaf' in her hand.

Dire were the strain, and dissonant, to sing
The cruel raptures of the savage kind. Thomson.

2. It is used as an emblem of the female Incongruous ; disagreeing: with from.

So the French say, The crown of What can be more dissonant from reason and

France never falls to the distoff, nature, than that a man, naturally inclined to

In my civil government soine say the crosier, clemency, should shew himself unkind and in

some say the distal, was too busy. Heuch. Hatewill on Providence.

See my royal master murder'd,

His crown usurp'ú, a distaf in the throne.
When conscience reports any thing dissonant

Droderi no more than the falsehood DISTAFF-THISTLE. 2. 5. A species of

Souib. thistle.
To DISSU A’DE. v. a. (dissuadeo, Lat.) To Dista'ın. v.a. [dis and stain.)
1. To dehort ; to divert by reason or im-

1. To stain; to tinge with an adventi

tious colour. To pay our wonted tribute, from the which

Nor ceas'd his arrows, till the shady pain

Sev’n mighty bodies with their blood distain.
2. To represent any thing as unfit or
queen. Shaksp.

Dryden's Virgil
Place on their heads that crown distaiz'd with

Which those dire hands from my slain father open or conceal'd, alike

2. To blot; to sully with infamy.

He understood,
Milton. That lady, whom I had to me assign'd,

Had both distain't her honourable blood,

And eke the faith which she to me did bind.“
Addison's Ovid.

Fairy Quech.
The worthiness of praise distains his worth,
If he that 's prais'd himself bring the praise

[dissuasio, Latin.] Ur-

Shadsp. Some theologicians defile places erected for religion, by defending oppressions, distuining

their professions by publishing odious untruths ons such dissuasions from Love, as iets velapes DISTANCE. ». s. (distance, Fr. distan

upon report of others.

Sir John Hayw. Boyle.

tia, Latin. 1. Distance is space considered barely in

length between any two beings, without considering any thing else between them.

Locken It is very cheap, notwithstanding the great


3. With to : less properly.

to truth, it obliges reported by it.



[ocr errors]

portunity from any thing.

We submit to Cæsar, promising,
We were dissuaded by our wicked

This would be worse ;
War therefore,
My voice dissuades.

Milton's Paradise Lost.
Not diffident of thee, do I dissuade
Thy absence from my sight..
I'd fain deny this wish, which thcu hast made;
Or, what I can't deny, would fain dissuade.
Dissuader. N, s. [from dissuade.] He

that dissuades. DissuA'SION. n. S.

gency of reason or importunity against any thing; dehortation. call invectives against it. Dissua'sive. adj. [from dissuade.] De

hortatory; tending to divert or deter from any purpose. Dissua'sive... si Dehortation; argukent or importunity employed to turn

[ocr errors]

He thought it no policy to distaste the English

The histling of the winds is better musick to cortenidd minds, tiran the opera to the spleentul, atabitious, diseased, distantal, and distracted

Estance between the vineyards and the towns

This heav'n which we behold that sell the wine.

Addison on Italy.
Distant so high.

Milion. As he lived but a few miles distance from her

I felt, father's house, he had frequent opportunities of Though distant from the worlds between. seeing her. Addison.

Milton. 2. Remoteness in place.

The wond'rous rock like Parian marble shone, Cæsar is still dispos'd to give us terms, And seem'd to distant sight of solid stone. Pope. And waits at distance till he hears) from Cato. Narrowness of mind should be cured by read

Addison. ing histories of past ages, and of nations and These dwell at such convenient distance, countries distant from our own.

Watte. That each may give his friend assistance. Prior. The senses will discover things near us with 3. The space kept between two antago sufficient exactness, and things distant also, so nists in fencing.

far as they relate to our necessary use.

Watts. We come to see fight; to see thy pass, thy

2. Remote in time either past or future. stock, thy reverse, thy distance. Sbaksp. 3. Remote to a certain degree : as, ten 4. Contrariety; opposition.

years, ten miles, distant. Banquo was your enemy,

4. Reserved ; shy. So is he mine, and in such bloody distance,

5. Remote in nature ; not allied. That every minute of his being thrusts

What besides this unhappy servility to cusAgainst my near'st of life. Sbaksp. Macbeth.

tom can reconcile men, that own christianity, to ś. A space marked on the course where

a practice so widely distant from it? horses run.

Government of the Tongue. This was the horse that ran the whole field 6. Not obvious; not plain. out of distance, and won the race. L'Estrange. It was one of the first distinctions of a well6. Space of time.

bred man to express every thing obscene in moYou must do it by distance of time. 2 Esdras. dest terms and distant phrases; while the clown

I help my preface by a prescript, to tell that clothed those ideas in plain homely terms that there is ten years distance between one and the are the most obvious and natural. Addison. other.

Prior. Dista'ste. n. s. [dis and taste.] 7. Remoteness in time either pastor 1. Aversion of the palate ; disrelish; future.

disgust. We have as much assurance of these things, He gives the reason of the distaste of satiety, as things future and at a distance are capable of. and of the pleasure in novelty in meats and Tillotson. drinks.

Bacon's Nat. History, To judge right of blessings prayed for, and Dislike; uneasiness. Yet at a distance, we must be able to know things future.


Prosperity is not without many fears and diso 8. Ideal disjunction ; mental separation.

tastes, and adversity is not without comforts and hopes.

Bacon's Essays. The qualities that affect our senses are, in the 3. Anger; alienation of affection. things themselves, so united and blended, that

Julius Cæsar was by acclamation termed king, there is no separation, no distance between them.

to try how the peoole would take it: the people

Locke. 9. Respect; distant behaviour.

shewed great murmur and distaste at it. Bacen.

The king having tasted of the envy of the peoI hope your modesty Will know what distance to the crown is due.

ple, for his imprisonment of Edward Plantage

net, was doubtful to heap up any more distastes

Dryden. of that kind by the imprisonment of De la Pole "Tis by respect and distance that authority is also.

Bacon's Henry VIL upheld.


On the part of heaven, If a man makes me keep my distance, the Now alienated, distance and distaste, comfort is, he keeps his at the same time. Anger, and just rebuke.

Milton's Par. Lost, Swift.

With stern distaste avow'd, 30. Retraction of kindness; reserve ; alie

To their own districts drive the suitor crowd. nation.

Pope's Odyssey On the part of heav'n

To Dista'ste. v. a. [from the noun.] Now alienated, distance and distaste,

1. To fill the mouth with nauseousness, Anger, and just rebuke, and jugment giv'n. or disrelish.

Milton To Di'STANCE. v. a. (from the noun.)

Dang’rous conceits are in their nature poisons,

Which at the first are scarce found to distaste, 1. To place reinotely; to throw off from But, with a little act upon the blood,

Burn like the mines of sulphur.

Sbaks That which gives a relievo to a bowl, is the

2. To dislike; to loathe. quick lighi, or white, which appears to be on

I'd have it come to question; the side nearest to us; and the black by conse

If he distaste it, let him to my sister.

Shaks quence distances the object. Dryden's Dufresnoy. I am unwilling to believe that he doth it with 2. To leave behind at a race the length of

a design to play tricks, and fly-blow my words a distance; to conquer in a race with

to make others distaste them. great superiority.

3. To offend

d to disgust. Each daring lover, with advent'rous pace, Pursued his wishes in the dangʻrous race;

or Irish by a course of reformation, but sought Like the swift hind the bounding damselflies,

to please them.

Davis. Strains to the goal; the distanc'd lover dies.

4. To vex; to exasperate; to sour. DI'STANT. adj, [distans, Latin.) I. Remote in place; not near.

the view.

Stilling fleet.



[ocr errors]


the sun.

3. Want of due temperature.

Distaʼsteful. adj. [distaste and full.] 3. To disturb; to fill with perturbation; 1. Nauseous to the palate ; disgusting.

to ruffle. What to one palate is sweet and delicious, to Thou see'st me much distemper'd in my another is odious and distasteful.


mind; 2. Offensive; unpleasing.

Pullid back, and then push'd forward to be kind.

The visitation, though somewhat distasteful to
the Irish lords, was sweet and welcome to the 4. To deprive of temper or moderation.
common people.

Davies, Distemper'd zcal, sedition, canker'd hate,
None but a fool distasteful truth will tell; No more shall vex the church and tear the
So it be new and please, 'tis full as well.

Dryden. Dryden. They will have admirers among posterity, and Distastefuel humours, and whatever else may be equally celebrated by those whose minds will render the conversation of men grievous and not be distempered by interest, passion, or partiauneasy to one another, are forbidden in the New


Addison's Freebolder. Testament



so make disaffecied, or malignant. 3. Malignant ; malevolent.

Once more to-day well met, distemper'd lords; After distasteful looks,

The king by me requests your presence straight. With certain half-caps, and cold moving nods,

Sbaksp. They froze me into silence. Sbaksp. Timon. DisteʼMPERATE. adj. [dis and temperate.]

The ground might be the distasteful averse Immoderate. ness of the Christian from the Jew. Brown,

Aquinas objecteth the distemperate heat, which DISTE'MPER. n. s. [dis and temper.]

he supposeth to be in all places directly under 1. A disproportionate mixture of parts ; Diste ́MPERATURE. n. s. [from distem

Raleigh's History. want of a due temper of ingredients. 2. A disease ; a malady; the peccant pre

perate.] dominance of some humour ; properly

1. Intemperateness ; excess of heat or a slight illness; indisposition.

cold, or other qualities. They heighten distempers to diseases.

Through this distemperature we see

The seasons alter; hoary-headed frosts

It argues sickness and distemper in the mind,

Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose.

Sbakip. as well as in the body, when a man is contimually turning and tossing.

They were consumed by the discommodities South. of the country, and the distemperature of the air.

Abbet. It was a reasonable conjecture, that those 2. Violent tumultuousness; outrageouscountries which were situated directly under ness. the tropick, were of a distemper uninhabitable.

Raleigh's History.

3. Perturbation of the mind. 4. Bad constitution of the mind; predo

Thy earliness doth me assure minance of any passion or appetite.

Thou art uprous'd by some distemperature.

If little faults, proceeding on distemper,
Shall not be wink'd at, how shall we stretch our

4. Confusion; commixture of contrarie.

ties; loss of regularity.
At capital crimes?
5. Want of due balance between contra-
Sbakspeare's Henry v.

At your birth

Our grandame earth, with this distemperature, ries.

In passion shook. Sbalspeare's Henry iv. The true temper of empire is a thing rare,

Tell how the world fell into this disease, and hard to keep; for both temper and distemper

And how so great distemperature did grow.

Daniel. 6. Ill humour of mind; depravity of in

Bacon. TO DISTE'ND. v.a. [distendo, Latin.)

To stretch out in breadth.
I was not forgetful of those sparks, which some

Avoid enormous heights of seven stories, as men's distempers formerly studied to kindle in

well as irregular forms; and the contrary fault

of low distended fronts, is as unseemly. Wotton. King Charles.

Thus all day long the full distended clouds
Still as you rise, the state, exalted too,
Indulge their genial stores.

Dis'te'NT. part. pass. [distentus, Latin.]

Spread. Not used.

Some others were new driven and distent
Into great ingots and to wedges square,
Some in round plates withouten moniment.

Dist'ENT. n. s. [from distend.] The

space through which any thing is spread ; breadth. Not much in use.

Those arches are the gracefulness, which, keeping precisely the same height, shall yet be distended one fourteenth part longer; which addition of distent will confer much to their beauty, and detract but little from their strength.

W ctton. Diste'ntion. n. s. [distentio, Latin.) Sbakspeare's Othello.

1. The act of stretching ; state of things

stretched. Boyle's History of Fluids,

Wind and distentior of the bowels are signs of



consist of contraries.


7. Tumultuous disorder.

Finds no distemper while 'tis chang‘d by you. 8. Disorder; uneasiness.

There is a sickness,
Which puts some of us in distemper; but
I campo name the disease, and it is caught
Of you that yet are well.
To Diste ́MPER. v. a. (dis and temper.]
1. To disease.

Young son, it argues a distemper'd head,
So soon to bid good-morrow to thy bed.

Shakspeare's Romeo and Juliet. 2. To disorder.

In madness,
Being full of supper and distempring draughts,
Upon malicious bravery, dost thou come
He distempered himself one night with long

To start my guilt?

and hard study.


[ocr errors]

Sbaksp. Hamlet.

a bad digestion in the intestines; for in dead 3. That which falls in drops. animals, when there is no digestion at all, the The act of distilling by fire. distention is in the greatest extremity. Arbutb.

Water by frequent distillations changes ines 2. Breadth; space occupied by the thing fixed earth.

Newton. distended.

The serum of the blood, by a strong distillation, 3. The act of separating one part from affords a spirit, or volatile alkaline salt, and two another; divarication.

kinds of oil, and an earth. Arbutb.on Ali. Our legs do labour more in elevation than in 5. The substance drawn by the still. distortion. Wottor's Arcbitecture.

I suffered the pangs of an egregious death, to TO DASTH RO'Nize. v.a. [dis and throne.] be stopt in, like a strong distillation with cloaths

Sbakspeare To dethrone; to depose from sove.

DISTILLATORY. adj. [from distil.) Be. reignty. Not used. By his death he it recoyered;

longing to distillation ; used in distilla.

tion. But Peridure and Vigeat him distbronized.

Fairy Queen.

Besides those grosser elements of bodies, salt, Di'sTich. n. s. [disticbon, Latin.) A

sulphur, and mercury, ingredients of a more couplet; a couple of lines; an epigram

subtile nature, extremely little, and not visible, consisting only of two verses.

may escape at the junctures of the distillatory

The French compare anagrams, by them- Distiller. n. s. [from distil.]
selves, to gems; bui when they are cast into
a distich, or epigram, to gems enchased in ena-

1. One who practises the art or trade of melled gold.

Camden's Remains.

distilling. The bard, whose distich all commend,

I sent for spirit of salt to a very eminent dis-
In power, a servant; out of power, a friend. tiller of it.

Pope. 2. One who makes and sells pernicious
TO DISTIL. U. n. [distillo, Latin.) and inflammatory spirits.
1. To drop; to fall by drops.

DistilMENT. n. s. (from distil.] That
In vain kind seasons swell'd the teeming grain; which is drawn by distillation ; that
Soft show'rs distill'd, and suns grew warm, in which drops. Obsolete.

Crystal drops from min'ral roofs distil. Pope.

Upon my secure hour thy uncle stole,

And in the porches of mine ear did pour 2. To flow gently and silently.

The leperous distilment. The Euphrates distille:h out of the mountains DISTI'NCT. adj. [distinctus, Latin.] of Armenia, and falleth into the gulph of Persia.

Raleigb's History:

1. Different; not the same in number or

in kind.
3. To use a still; to practise the art of

BeHarmin saith, it is idolatry to give the same
Have I not been

worship to an image which is due to God: VasThy pupil long? Hast thou not learn'd me how

quez saith, it is idolatry to give distinct worship: To make perfumes, distil, preserve.

therefore, if a man would avoid idolatry, he

Sbaksp. To Distí'L. v. a.

must give none at all. 1. To let fall in drops ; to drop any thing

Fatherhood and property are distinct titles, and

began presently, upon Adam's death, to be in down,

Locks They pour down rain, according to the vapour 2. Different; separate ; being apart, not thereof, which the clouds do drop and distil upon conjunct. man abundantly.

Job. The intention was that the two armies, which The dew, which on the tender grass

marched out together, should afterwards be disThe evening had distilld,


To pure rose-water turned was,
The shades with sweets that fillid.

Men have immortal spirits, capable of a plea-

şure and happiness distinct from that of our ne
From his fair head

Perfumes distil their sweets.

Prior. 3. Clear; unconfused. The roof is vaulted, and distils fresh water from

Heav'n is high, every part of it, which fell upon us as fast as the first droppings of a shower.

High and remote, to see from thence distinct

Addison. 2. To force by fire through the vessels of 4. Spotted ; variegated.

Each thing on earth. distillation; to exalt, separate, or purify by fire : as, distilled spirits.

Tempestuous fell

His arrows from the fourfold-visag'd four, There hangs a vap'rous drop, profound; Distinct with eyes; and from the living wheels I'll catch it ere it comes to ground;

Distinct alike with multitude of eyes. Milton. And that, distill'd by magick slights,

5. Marked out; specified. Shall raise up artificial sprighits. Sbaksp.

Doininion hold 3. To draw by distillation ; to extract by

Over all living things that move on th' earth, the force of fire.

Wherever thus created for no place The liquid distilled from benzoin is subject to

Is yet distinct by name. frequent vicissitudes of fluidity and firmness.

Disti’NCTION. 1. s. [distinctio, Latin.]

Boyle. 1. The act of discerning one as preferable 4. To dissolve or melt.

to the other. Swords by the lightning's subcle force distilld, In the wind and tempest of fortune's frown, And the cold sheath with running metal filld. Distinction,

with a broad and powerful fan,

Addison, Pufting at all, windows the light away. Sheks. DISTILLA'TION, n. s. [distillatio, Lat.] 2. Note of difference, 1. The act of dropping, or falling in drops. 3. Honourable note of superiority, ** The act of pouring out in drops. 4. That by which one differs from anothera

[ocr errors]

Stilling fleet.

distinct persons.



Was tall straight trees, which on the waters flew.

DISTÍNCTNESS. 16. s. (from distinct.]


[ocr errors]

to answer it.

and imaginary.

This faculty of perception puts the distinction To DISTI'NGUISH. v. a. [distingus, betwixt the animal kingdom and the inferior Latin.) parts of matter.


1. To note the diversity of things. s. Difference regarded ; preference or

Rightly to distinguish is, by conceit of the neglect in comparison with something

mind, to sever things different in nature, and to

Hooker. else.

discern wherein they differ. Maids, women, wives, without distinction fall; 2. To separate from others by some mark The sweeping deluge, love, comes on and covers of honour or preference. all.


They distinguish my poems from those of other 6. Separation of complex notions.

men, and have made me their peculiar care. This fierce abridgment

Dryden. Hath to it circumstantial branches, which

Let us revolve that roll with strictest eve, Distinction should be rich in. Sbaksp. Cymbeline. Where, safe from time, distinguish'd actions lie. 7. Division into different parts..

Pring. The distinction of tragedy irrto acts was not -3. To divide by proper notes of diversity. ktown;

if it were, it is yet so darkly deli Moses distinguibes the causes of the food into vered 10 us, that we cannot make it out.

those that belong to the heavens, and those that Dryden on Dramatick Persy. belong to the earth, the rains, and the abyss. 8. Notation of difference between things

Burnet's Theory. seemingly the same ; discrimination. 4. To know one from another by any

The mixture of those things by speech, which mark or note of difference.
by nature are divided, is the mother of all error:

So long
to take away therefore that error, which contu As he could make me, with his eye or ear,
sion breedeth, distinction is requisite. Hooker.

Mistinguish him from others, he did keep
Lawfulness cannot be handled without tinnita The deck.

Shakspeare's Cymbeline. tions and distinctions.

Bacon's Holy War. We have not yet been seen in any house,
This will puzzle all your logick and distinctions Nor can we be distinguisbd, by our faces,
Denban's Sopby. For man or master.

From this distinction of real and apparent good,
some distinguish happiness into two sorts, real

By our reason we are enabled to distinguish

good from evil, as well as truth from falschood. Norris.

Watts, 9. Discernment; judgment.

.5. To discern critically; to judge. DISTI’NCTIVE. adj. [from distinct.]

Sweet prince, th' untainted virtue of your 1. That marks distinction or difference.

years For from the natal hour, distinctive names,

Hath not yet div'd into the world's deceit;
One common right, the great and lowly claims.

Nor more can you distinguisb of a man,
Pope's Odyssey

Than of his outward shew! Sbakspeare. 2. Having the power to distinguish and

6. To constitute difference; to specificate ;

to make different from another. Credulous and vulgar auditors readily believe

St. Paul's Epistles contain nothing but points it , and the more judicious and distinctive heads

of christian instruction,amongst which heseldom

Brown. fails to enlarge on the great and distinguishing DISTINCTIVELY.adv.(from distinctive.)

doctrines of our holy religion.

Lockés 7. To make known or eminent. I did all my pilgrimage dilate,

To Disti'NGUISH. V. n. To make disWhereaf by parcels she had something heard,

tinction ; to find or show the difference. Sbakspeare's Othello

. He would warily distinguish between the profit

of the merchant and the gain of the kingdom. 1. Not confusedly; without the confu

Cbild's Discourse on Trade. The readers must learn by all means to rise

tinguish between proverbs, and those polite every or five words distinctly, it is requisite that DiSTINGUISHABLE. adj. [from distin

speeches which beautify conversation. Sevift. the body percusssing be a good distance off. Bacon's Natural History.

guish.] but on its ends very confusedly and indistinctly.

1. Capable of being distinguished ; capa.

ble of being known, or made known,
by notes of diversity.

Impenitent, they left'a race behind
Like to themselves, distinguishable scarce

From gentiles, but by circumcision vain. Milion.

The acting of the soul, as it relates to percep-
tion and decision, to choice and pursuit, or aver-
sion, is distinguishable to us.

I shall distribute duty into its principal and
Addison. eminent parts, distinguishable as they relate to
God, our neighbour, and ourselves.

Government of the Tongue
Being dissolved in aqueous juices, it is by the
eye distinguishabic from the solvent body. Boyle.

A simple idea, being in itself uncompounded,

contains nothing but one uniform appearance, 05
Ray on the Creation.

conception in the mind, and is not distinguishable
into different ideas.

2. Worthy of note; worthy of regard.
I would endeavour that my betters should

.F 2

discern ; judicious.

do not reject it.

Particularly; not confusedly.

But not distinctively,

Distí'NCTLY. adv. [from distinct.] sion of one part with another. To make an echo that will report three, or

On its sides it was bounded pretty distinctly,

'Newton's Opticks. 2. Plainly; clearly

The object I could first distinctly view,

After the light of the sun was a little worn off my eyes, I could see all the parts of it distinctly by a glimmering reflection that played upon them from the surface of the water.

1. Nice observation of the difference between different things.

The membranes and humours of the eye are perfectly pellucid, and void of colour, for the

clearness, and for the distinctness, of vision. 2. Such discrimination of things as makes

them easy to be observed.

« ForrigeFortsett »