to mc.

What may we not hope from him in a time of

seek me by the merit of something distinguishe The needle endeavours to conform unto the able, instead of my seeking them. Swift. meridian ; but, being distracted, driveth chat Disti'NGUISHED. participial adj. (from way where the greater and powerfuller part of distinguish.] Eminent; transcendent ;

the earth is placed. Brown's Vulgar Errouts. extraordinary,

2. To separate ; to divide. For sins committed with many aggravations

By sea, by sea. of guilt, the furnace of wrath will be seven times

-Most worthy sir, you therein throw away hotter, and burn with a distinguisbed fury.

The absolute soldiership you have by land

Distract your army, which doth most consist
Never on man did heavenly favour shine,

Of war-mark'd footmen.

Sbakspeare. With rays so strong, distinguisb'd, and divine. 3. To turn from a s.ngle direction toward


various points. DISTINGUISHER. 1. s. [from distinguish.]

If he cannot wholly avoid the eye of the ob. 2. A judicious observer; one that ac

server, he hopes to distract it by a multiplicity of the object.

Soutb. curately discerns one thing from an

4. To fill the mind with contrary conother.

siderations; to perplex; to confound ; If writers be just to the memory of Charles II.

to harass, they cannot deny him to have been an exact knower of mankind, and a perfect distinguisber

While I suffer thy terrors I am distracted.

Psalms. of their talents.

Come, cousin, canst thou quake, and change 2. He that separates one thing from an

thy colour, other by proper marks of diversity. Murder thy breath in middle of a word,

Let us admire the wisdom of God in this dis And then again begin, and stop again, tinguisber of times, and visible deity, the sun. As if thou wert distraught and mad with terror? Brown's Vulgar Errours.

Sbakspeare's Richard ni. DISTI’NGUISHINGLY. adv. (from dis It would burst forth; but I recover breath,

tinguishing.) With distinction; with And sense distract to know well what I utter. some inark of eminent preference.

Milton's Agoniste:. Sonc call me a Tory, because the heads of

He possesses a quiet and cheerful mind, not afthat party have been distinguishingly favourable

flicted with violent passions, or distracted with immoderate cares.

Reg. Pope. DISTI'NGUISHMENT. n. s. [from distin

!f our sense of hearing were a thousand tirés Euish.]

quicker than it is, how would a perpetual noise Distinction ; observation of distract us! We should, in the quietest retirediference.

ment, be less able

sleep or meditate than in To make corrections upon the searchers re

the middle of a sea-fight.

Locka forts, I considered whether any credit at all were 5. To make mad: properly, by an unto be given to their distingui hments. Graunt's Bills of Mortality.

settled and vagrant fancy ; but, popu.

larly, to make mad in whatever mode. To DISTOʻRT. v.a. [distortus, Latin.]

Wherefore throng you hither!1. To writhe ; to twist; to deform by To fetch my poor distracted husband hence: irregular motions.

Let us come in, that we may bind him fast, I see her taste each nauscous draught,

And bear him home for his recovery.

Sbaks. And so obligingly am caught,

Better I were distract, I bless the trand from whence they came,

So should my thoughts be sever'd from my griefs, Nor dare distort my face for shame. Swift.

And woes, by wrong imagination, lose Now morcal pangs distort his lovely form.

The knowledge of themselves.

Sboks. Smith. She was unable in strength of mind to bear the 2. To put out of the true direction or grief of his disease, and fell distracted of her

wits. posture. With fear and pain

You shall find a distracted man fancy himself Distorted, ali my nether shape thus grew

a king, and with a right inference require suit. Transformd.

able attendance, respect, and obedience. Locks

, Milton Wrath and malice, envy and revenge, do

Distra'CTEDLY. adv. [from distract.] dirken and distort the understandings of men.

Madly; frantickly.

Tillotson. Methought her eyes had cross'd her tongue; 3. To wrest from the true meaning.

For she did speak in starts distractedly,

Shaka Something must be distorted beside the intent DISTRACTEDNESS. n. s. (from distract] of the divine inditer. Peacham on Poetry.

The state of being distracted; madDISTORTION. n. s. [distortio, Lat.] Ir

regular motion by which the face is DISTRACTION. 1. s. [distractio, Latin.] writheil, or the parts disordered.

1. Tendency to different parts; separa. Ey his distortions he reveals his pains;

tion. He by his tears and by his sighs complains.

While he was yet in Rome,

Prior. His power went out in such distractions, as In England we see people lulled asleep with Beguil'd all spies. solid and elaborate discourses of piety, who 2. Confusion ; state in which the attenwould be warmed and transported out of them tion is called different ways. selves by the bellowings and distortions of enthusiasm.

Addison's Spectator.

Never was known a night of such distraction,

Noise so confus’d and dreadful; jostling crowds, TO DISTRACT. v.a. part. pass. dis

That run and knew not whither. tracte:l; anciently distraught; and soinetimes distract. [distractus, Latin.)

quiet and tranquillity, since, during the late dis

tractions, he has done so much for the advantage 1. To pull different ways at once.

of our trade?


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Addison's Freebolder

Tune my distresses, and record my woes. Shal.



2. A compulsion in real actions, by which 3. [In logic.] As an integral whole is

3. Perturbation of mind; violence of nations, with perplexity, the sea and the waves some painful passion.


Lake. The irascible passions follow the temper of the

People in afriction or distress cannot be hated heart; the concupiscible distractions, the crasis of To Distress. v. a. [from the noun.]

by generous minds.

Clarissa. the liver.

The distraction of the children, who saw both 1. To prosecute by law to a seizure.
their parents expiring together, would have 2. To harass; to make miserable ; to
meked the hardest heart.


crush with calamity. 4. Madness; frantickness; loss of the Distress not the Moabites, neither contend wits; vagrancy of the mind.

with them in battle.

Deuteronomy. Madam, this is a meer distraction :

I am distressed for thee, my brother Jonathan. You turn the good we offer into envy. Sbofs.

2 Sam, So to mad Pentheus double Thebes appeals, DISTRESSFUL. adj. [distress and full.) And furies howl in his distemper'd ears: 1. Miserable; full of trouble ; full of Orestes so, with like distraction tost, is made to fly his mother's angry ghost. Waller.

misery. Commiserate all those who labour under a

I often did beguile her of her tears, settled distraction, and who are shut out from all

When I did speak of some distressful stroke the pleasures and advantages of human com

That my youth suffer’d.

Shakspeare. Atterbury.

The ewes, till folded, with distended thighs,

Unmilk'd, lay bleeting in distressful cries 3. Disturbance; discord; difference of


Distressful and desolating events, which have The two armies lay quiet near each other, attended the mistakes of politicians, should be without improving the confusion and distraction

present in their minds.

Watts. which the king's forces were too much inclined 2. Attended with poverty.

Clarendon. He, with a body fillid, and vacant mind, Distractive. adj. (from distract.] Gets him to rest, cramm'd with distressful Causing perplexity


Sbakspeare Oft grown unmindful through distractive cares,

TO DISTRI'BUTE. v. a. [distribuo, l've stretch'd my arms, and touch'd him una Lat.) To divide among more than

Dryden. To DISTRAČIN. v. a. (from distringo,

two; to deal out; to dispensate.

The king sent over a great store of gentlemen

and warlike people, amongst whom he distributed 1. To seize ; to lay hold on as an indem.

the land.


The spoil got on the Antiates
Here's Beauford, that regards not God nor

Was not distributed. Sbakspeare's Coriolanus.

She did distribute her goods to all them that Hath here distrair'd the Tower to his use.

were nearest of kindred.

Judith. DISTRIBUTER. n. s. [from distribute.] 2. To rend ; to tear. Not in use. Spens.

One who deals out any thing; a disTO DISTRA'IN, v.n. To make seizure.

penser. The earl answered, I will not lend money to

There were judges and distributers of justice my superior, upon whom I cannot distrain for

appointed for the several parts of his dominions. Camden's Remains,

Addison on Italy. Of that peculiar matter out of which the boMarvel.

dies of vegetables and of animals are formed, water is the common vehicle and distributer to the parts of those bodies.

Woodward. DISTRIBUʻTION. n. 5. [distributio, Lat.) s. [from distrain.] 1. The act of distributing or dealing out

Dict. to others; dispensation.

Of great riches there is no real use, except it be in the distribution.

Bacon's Essays. Providence has made an equal distribution of Camden.

natural gifts, whereof each creature severally has a share.

L'Estrange. Every man in a great station would imitate the queen in the distribution of offices in his disposal.

Swift. 2. Act of giving in charity.

Let us govern our charitable distributions by this pattern of nature, and maintain a mutual circulation of benefits and returns. Atterbury.



nification for a debt.



the debt,
Blood, his rent to have regain’d,
Upon the British diadem disirain'd.
DISTRA’INER. 1.5. [from distrain.) He

that seizes. DISTRA'INT. 11.

DISTRAŇUGHT. part. adj. [from distract.]

He had been a good military man in his days,
but was then distraught of his wits.
DISTREʻSS. [destresse, French.)
1. The act of making a legal seizure.

He would first demand his debe;. and, if he were not paid, he would straight go and take a distress of goods and cattle, where he could find them, to the value.

Quoth she, some say the soul's secure
Against distress and forfeiture. Hudibras.


a man is assured to appear in court,
or to pay a debt or duty which he
3. The thing seized by law.

Calamity; misery ; misfortune.
There can I sit alone, unseen of any,
And to the nightingale's complaining notes
There shall be signs in the sun, and in the
moon, and in the stars; and upon earth distress of

distinguished into its several parts by division; so the word distribution is most properly used, when we distinguish a universal whole into its several kinds of species.

Watts. DISTRIBUTIVE. adj. [from distribute.] 1. That is employed in assigning to others

their portions : as, distributive justice, that which allots to each his sentence or claim.

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If justice will take all, and nothing give, 3. Diffident of himself; modest ; timorous. Justice methinks is not distributive. Dryden.

Distrustful sense with modest caution speaks; · Observe the distributive justice of the authors,

Bue fattling nonsense in full vollies breaks which is constantly applied to the punishment of

Popes virtue, and the reward of vice, directly opposite DistrU'STFULLY. adv. [from distrustto the rules of their best criticks, Swift.

ful.] In a distrustful manner. 2. That assigns the various species of a

DISTRU'STFULNESS. n. s. [from disgeneral term. DISTRIBUTIVELY. adv. [from distribu

trustful.] The state of being distrust. tive.]

ful; want of confidence.

TO DISTU'RB. v. a. (disturbo, low Lat.) 1. By distribution. 2. Singly; particularly.

1. To perplex; to disquiet; to deprive Although we cannot be free from all sin col

of tranquillity. lectively, in such sort that no part thereof shall

He that has his own troubles, and the happibe found inherent in us; yet, distributively at the

ness of his neighbours, to disturb him, has work least, all great and grievous actual offences, as


Collier on Envy they offer themselves one by one, both

His youth with wants and hardships must ought to be by all means avoided. Hooker.


Plots and rebellions must disturb his age. 3. In a manner that expresses singly all

Prior, the particulars included in a general 2. To confound; to put into irregular term; not collectively.

motions. An universal term is sometimes taken collectively for all its particular ideas united together;

3. To interrupt; to hinder : as, care and sometimes distributively, meaning each of

disturbs study, them single and alone. Watts' Logick. 4. To turn off from any direction : with Di'strict. n.s. [districtus, Latin.] from. This is not usual. 1. The circuit or territory within which

It oft-times may succeed, so as perhaps a man may be compelled to appearance.

Shall grieve him, it I fail not; and disturb

His inmost counsels from their destin'd aim. Cowell.

Milton 2. Circuit of authority; province. DistusrB. 1.5. [from the verb.) Con

His governors, who formed themselves upon the example of their grand monarque, practised

fusion ; tumultuary emotion.

Instant without disturb they took alarm, all the arts of despotick government in their re

And onward move embatteld. Milton. spective districts.

Addison, With stern distaste avow'd, DISTU'RBANCE. n. s. [from disturb.) To their own districts drive the suitor crowd. 1. Perplexity ; interruption of a settled

Pope's Odyssey. state. 3. Region; country; territory.

The denomination of money concerns trade, Those districts which between the tropicks lie and the alteration of that necessarily brings disa The scorching beams, directly darted, fry. turbance to it.

Locke. Blackmore. 2. Confusion ; disorder of thoughts. DistrưCTION. 1. s. [districtus, Latin.) They can survey a variety of complicated ideas Sudden display. Little used.

without fatigue or disturbance.

Watts A smile plays with a surprising agreeableness 3. Tumult; violation of peace. in the eye, breaks out with the brightest distric This mischief had not then befall'n, tion, and sits like a glory upon the countenance. And more that shall befal: innumerable

Collier on the Aspect. Disturbances on earth through female snares, To DISTRU'st. v. a. [dis and trust.) To DiSTU’RBER. m. s. [from disturb.]

Milton regard with diffidence; to diffide in ; not to trust.

1. A violater of peace; he that causes He sheweth himself onto such as do not dis

tumults and publick disorders. trust him.

Wisdom. He stands in the sight both of God and men DistrU'St. n. s. [from the verb.)

most justly blameable, as a needless disturber of

the peace of God's church, and an author of 1. Discredit; loss of credit ; loss of con• dissension. fidence.

Men that make an insult upon society, ought To me reproach

to be humbled as disturbers of the public tranRather belongs, distrust, and all dispraise.


Addison Milton. Ye great disturbers, who in endless noise, 2. Suspicion ; want of faith ; want of

In blood and horror scek unnatural joys ; confidence in another.

For what is all this bustle, but to shun You doubt not me; nor have I spent my blood,

Those thoughts with which you dare not be To have my faith no better understood :

alone. Your soul's above the baseness of distrust; 2. He that injures tranquillity ; be that Nothing but love could make you so unjust. causes perturbation of mind.

Dryden. DISTRU'STFUL. adj. (distrust and full.]

Two deep enemies,

Poes to my rest, and my sweet sleep's disturbers, 1. Apt to distrust; suspicious,

Sbakspeare. Generals often harbour distrustful thoughts in To Distu'rn, v. a, (dis and turn.) To their breasts.

Boyle's Scrapbic Lovė. 2. Not confident, diffident.

turn off; to turn aside. Not in use.

He glad was to disturn that furious stream The great corrupters of discourse have not

Of war on us, that else had swallow'd them. been so distrustful of chemselves.

Goy. of Le Tongue. Disvalvation. 7.s. [dis and valua





In levity.


tion.) Disgrace; diminution of repu. To DisvoʻUCH. v.a. (dis and vouch.] tation.

To destroy the credit of; to contradicto What can be more to the disvaluation of the Every letter he hath writ hath disvouch'd ano


Sbakspeare. power of the Spaniard, than that eleven thousand English should have marched into the heart Diswi’TTED. adj. [dis and wit.] 'Deof his countries.


prived of the wits; mad; distracted.
To Disva’lue. v.a. [dis and value. ] Not in use.
To undervalue; to set a low price upon.

She ran away alone;
Her reputation was disvalued

Which when they heard, there was not one
Sbakspeare's Meas. for Meas. But hasted after to be gone,
The very same pride which prompts a mar to As she had been diswitted. Drayton's Nymphid.
yaunt and overvalue what he is, does as forcibly Dit. n. s. [dicbt, Dutch.] A ditty; a
incline him to contemn and disvalne what he has.
Gov. of the Tongue

poem; a tune. Obsolete.

No bird but did her shrill notes sweetly sing; To Disve’LOP. V. a. (developer, French.]

No song but did contain a lovely dit. F.Quren. To uncover.

Dict. Dita'tion. n. s. [ditatus, Latin.) The DISU’NION. n. s. [dis and union.]

act of enriching. 1. Separation ; disjunction.

Those eastern worshippers intended rather Rest is most opposite to motion, the imme homage than ditation; the blessed virgin comes diate cause of disunion. Glanville's Scopsis.

in the form of poverty. Hall's Contemplations. Disunion of the corporeal principles, and the DITCH. n. s. (dic, Saxon; diik, Erse. ) vital , causeth death. Grew's Cosmologia Sacra.

1. A trench cut in the ground, usually Les not peace be made before the disunion of France and Spain. Addisor's State of the War.

between fields. The strength of it will join itself to France,

Some asked for manors, others for acres that and grow the closer to it by its disunion from the

lay convenient for them; that he would pull Addison on the War.

down his fences, and level his ditches. Arbuthnot. 2. Breach of concord.

Sudden the ditches swell, the meadows swim,

Thomson. To Disuni'TE. v. a. (dis and unite.] 1. To separate; to divide.

2. Any long narrow receptacle of water : The beast they then divide, and disunite

used sometimes of a small river in The ribs and limbs.

Pope's Odyssey

contempt. 2. To part friends or allies.

In the great plagues there were seen, in divers To Disu Ni’TE. v.n. (dis and unite.] To

ditches and low grounds about London, many fall asunder; to become separate.

toads that had tails three inches long Bacon. While every particular member of the publick

3. The moat with which a fortress is provides solely for itself, the several joints of the

surrounded. body politic do separate and disunite, and so

The ditches, such as they were, were altoge become unable to support the whole.

ther dry, and easy to be passed over.

DISUNITY. n. s. [dis and unity.) A state

4. Ditch is used, in composition, of any

thing worthless, or thrown away into Disunity is the natural property of matter,

ditches. which is nothing else but an infinite congeries of

Poor Tom, when the foul fiend rages, eats physical monads.

cowdung for sallets, swallows the old rat, and the

Disusage. n.s. [dis and usage.]' The T. DITCH. v. n. (from the noun.]' To

gradual cessation of use or custom.
They cut off presently such things as might

make a ditch. be extinguished without danger, leaving the rest

I have employed my time, besides ditching, to be abolished by disusage through tract of Ditch-DELIVERED.

in tinishing my travels.

Swift. Hooker.

adj. (ditch and deliver.) Brought forth in a ditch.

Finger of birth-strangled babe,

Ditcb-deliver'd by a drab. Sbaks, Macbetb. The disuse of the tongue is the only effectual

DI'TCHER. n. s. [from ditch.] One who Addison's Guardian.

digs ditches.

You merit new employments daily,
That obligation upon the lands did not pre- DithyRA'MBICK.

Our thatcher, diteber, gard'ner, baily, Swift.

n. 5. (dithyrambus, Arbuthnot.

Latin.] 1. A song in honour of Bacchus; in

which anciently, and now among the custom now diverts the Italians, the distraction of ebriety is

imitated. Dryden's Falles.

2, Any poem written with wildness and

enthusiasm. Dryden.

DITHYRA MBICK. adj. Wild; enthusiastick.

Pindar docs new voids and figures roll

Down his impctuous dit! yrambick iide. Coreleye Donne.

DITTA’NDER. n. s. The same with pepprepare,


DI'TTANY, 1. s. (dietaninus.) A plant. Dryden. Dittany hath beca renowned, for many ages,

of actual separation.

five years.

Disu’se. n.s. (dis and use.]
1. Cessation of use; desuetude; want of

remedy against these.
8. Cessation of custom.

Scribe, or come into disuse, but by fifty consecu-
To Disu’se, v. a. (dis and use.]
1, To cease to make use of.

Tis law, though
As nature's institute is yet in force,
Uncancell’d, though disuis’d.

Priam in arms disus'd invests hislimnbsdecay'd. 1. To disaccustom : with from or to ; more properly from.

Disule me from the queasy pain
Of being belov'd and loving
He shall his troops for fighting fields
Dasus'ud ta foils and triumphs of the war,




upon the account of its sovereign qualities in me That the air in the blood vessels of live bodicines. It is generally brought over dry from dies has a communication with the outward air, the Levant.

Miller. I think, seems plain from the experiments of Virgil reports of dittany, that the wild goats human creatures being able to bear air of much eat it when they are shot with darts. More. greater density in diving, and of much less upon Di'ttieD. adj.'. [from ditty ] Sung; the tops of mountains, provided the changes be adapted to music.

made gradually.

Arbutbrot, He, with his soft pipe, and smooth dittied song, 2. To go under water in search of any Well knows to still the wild winds when they thing.


Crocodiles defend those pearls which lie in the DITTY. n. s. [dicht, Dutch.] A poem lakes: the poor Indians are eaten up by them, to be sung ;. a song.

when they dive for the pearl.

Raleigh. Although we lay altogether aside the conside The knave deserves it, when he tempts the ration of ditty or matter, the very harmony of

main, sounds being framed in due sort, and carried Where folly fights for kings, or dives for gain. from the ear to the spiritual faculties of our

Pape. souls, is, by a native puissance and efficacy; 3. To go deep into any question, doc. greatly available to bring to a perfect temper trine, or science. whatsoever is there troubled.


The wits that div'd most deep and soar'd most Being young, I framed to the harp

high, Many an English ditty lovely well,

Seeking man's pow'rs, have found his weakAnd gave the tongue a helpful ornament. Shaks.

ness such

Davies. Strike the melodious harp, shrill timbrels ring,

He performs all this out of his own fund, And to the warbling lute soft ditties sing.

without diving into the arts and sciences for a supply.

Drydm. His annual wound in Lebanon, allur'd

Whensoever we would proceed beyond those The Syrian damsels to lament his fate,

simple ideas, and dive farther into the nature of In am'rous ditties, all a summer's day. Milton. Mean while the rural ditties were not mute,

things, we fall presently into darkness and obscurity.

Locke. Temper'd to the oaten Hlute; Rough satyrs danc'd.


You swim a-top, and on the surface strive;

But to the depths of nature never dive. They will be sighing and singing under thy in

Blackmore. exorable windows lamentable ditties, and call

You should have div'd into my inmost thee cruel.


Philips. DIVA'n.n. s. (an Arabick or Turkish word.]

4. To immerge into any business or

condition. 1. The council of the Oriental princes.

Sweet prince, th' untainted virtue of your 2. Any council assembled : used com

years monly in a sense of dislike.

Hath not yet dio'd into the world's deceit, Forth rush'd in haste the great consulting Nor can distinguish. Sbakspeare's Richard III. peers,

5. To depart from observation ; to sink. Rais'd from the dark divan, and with like joy

Dive, thoughts, down to my soul. Sbaksp. Congratulant approach'd him. Milton.

To Dive. v.a. To explore by diving. Swift to the queen the herald Medon ran, Who heard the consult of the dire divan. Pope.

Then Brutus, Rome's first martyr, I must TO DIVARICATE. V.n. [divaricatus,

name, Latin.) To be parted into two; to

The Curtii bravely div'd the gulph of fame.

Denban. become bifid.

To Dive'll. v. a. [divello, Latin.) To The partitions are strained across: one of them divaricates in two, and another into seve

pull; to separate; to sever. ral small ones.


They begin to separate; and may be easily diTo DIVA'RICATE.

velled or parted asunder. V. a. To divide into

Brown's Vulg. Err.

Di'V'ER. 1. s. [from dive.] two. A slender pipe is produced forward towards

1. One that sinks voluntarily under water. the throat, whereinto it is at last inserted, and

Perseverance gains the diver's prize. Popes is there divaricated, after the same manner as 2. One that goes under water in search of the spermatick vessels.

Grew. treasure. DIVARICA'TION. n. s. [divaricatio, Lat.)

It is evident, from the relation of divers and 1. Partition into two."

fishers for pearls, that there are many kinds of Dogs, running before their masters, will stop shell-fish which lie perpetually concealed in the at a divarication of the way, till they see which deep, skreened from our sight. hand their masters will take.

Ray. 3. He that enters deep into knowledge or 2. Division of opinions.

study. To take away all doubt, or any probable divarication, the curse is plainly specified.

He would have him, as I conceive it, to be no TO DIVE. v. a. [dippan, Saxon.)

superficial and floating artificer; but a diver into

causes, and into the mysteries of į. To sink voluntarily under water.

Wotton's Architecture. I am not yet informed, whether when a diver

To DIVEʻRGE. V. n. [divergo, Latin.) divetb, having his eyes open, and swimmeth upon his back, he sees things in the air greater or less.

To tend various ways from one point. Bacon's Natural History,

Homogeneal rays, which flow from several Around our pole the spiry dragon glides,

points of any object and fall perpendicularly on And, like a winding stream, the bears divides,

any reflecting surface, shall afterwards diverge The less and greater; who, by fate's decree, Abhar to dive beneath the southern sea. Diveʻrgent. adj. [from divergens, Lat.)

Dryden. Tending to various parts from one point,




from so many points.


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