3. To Joose; to break the ties of

any Loose; wanton ; unrestrained; disthing.

solved in pleasures; luxurious; de.
Down fell the duke, his joints dissolu'd asun- bauched.

A giant huge and tall,
Blind with the light, and stricken dead with Who him disarmed, dissolute, dismay'd,
Fairf. Unawares surpris'd.

Fairy Queen.
Witness these ancient empires of the earth,

Such stand in narrow lanes, In height of all their flowing wealth dissolv'd. And beat our watch, and rob our passengers;


While he, young, wanton, and effeminate boy, The commons live, by no divisions rent; Takes on the point of honour, to support But the great monarch's death dissolves the ga So dissolute a crew.

Shalspeare's Richard II. Dryden.

man of little gravity, or abstinence in plea4. To separate persons united: as, to

sures; yea, sometimes almost dissolute. dissolve a league.

Haywardo She and I, long since contracted,

They, cool'd in zeal, Are now so sure that nothing can dissolve us. Thenceforth shall practice how to live secure,


Worldly, or dissolute, on what their lords $. To break up assemblies.

Shall leave them to enjoy:

Milton. By the king's authority alone, and by his The true spirit of religion banishes indeed all writs, parliaments are assembled ; and by him levity of behaviour, all vicious and dissolute alone they are prorogued and dissolved; but each mirth; but, in exchange, fills the mind with a house may adjourn itself. Bacon to Villiers. perpetual serenity.

Addison's Spect. 6. To solve; to clear.

The beauty of religion the most dissolute are 'forced to acknowledge.

Rogers. And I have heard of thee, that thou canst make interpretations, and dissolve doubts. Di'ssolutely. adv. [from dissolute.]

Daniel. Loosely; in debauchery; without re7. To break an énchantment.

straint. Highly it concerns his glory now

Whereas men have lived dissolutely and unTo frustrate and dissolve the magick spells. righteously, thou hast tormented them

with their Milton. own abominations.

Wisdom 3, To be relaxed by pleasure.

Di'sSOLUTENESS. n. s. [from dissolute.] Angels dissolu'd in hallelujahs lie. Dryden.

Looseness i laxity of manners , deTo DissoʻLVE, V.n.

bauchery: 1. To be melted; to be liquefied.

If we look into the common mannagement, All putrefaction, it it dissolve not in rarefac- we shall have reason to onder, in the great tion, will in the end issue into plants or living dissoluteness of manners which the world comcreatures bred of putrefaction.

Bacon. plains of, that there are any footsteps at all left As wax dissolves, as ice begins to run

of virtue.

Locke. And trickle into drops before the sun, So melts the youth, and languishes away.

Dissolu’TION. n. s. [dissolutio, Latin.) Addison's Ovid.

1. The act of liquefying by heat or mois2. To sink away; to fall to nothing.

If there be more, more woeful, hold it in; 2. The state of being liquefied. For I am almost ready to dissolve,

3. The state of melting away; liquefacHearing of this. Sbakspeare's King Lear. tion. 3. To melt away in pleasures.

I am as subject to heat as butter; a man of Dissoʻlvent. adj. (from dissolve.) Hav- continual dissolution and thaw. Sbaksp. ing the power of dissolving or melting. 4. Destruction of any thing by the sepaIn man and viviparous quadrupeds, the food,

ration of its parts. moistened with the spittle, is first chewed, then swallowed into the stomach, where, being

The elements were at perfect union in his mingled with dissolvent juices, it is concocted,

body; and their contrary qualities served not

for the dissolution of the compound, but the vamacerated, and reduced into a chyle. Ray. riety of the composure. DissoʻLVENT. n. s. [from the adjective.] s. The substance formed by dissolving

South. That which has the power of disuniting the parts of any thing.

any body

Weigh iron and aqua-fortis severally; then Spittle is a great dissolvent, and there is a

dissolve the iron in the aqua-fortis, and weigh the great quantity of it in the stomach, being swal


Bacon. lowed constantly.

Arbutbnot. DissoʻLVER. n. s. [from dissolve.] That

6. Death; the resolution of the body into

its constituent elements. which has the power of dissolving.

The life of man is always either increasing Fire, and the more subtle dissoloer, putrefac- towards ripeness and perfection, or declining and tion, by dividing the particles of substances,

decreasing towards rottenness and dissolution. turn them black.

Arbuthnot. Hot mineral waters are the best dissolvers of

Raleigb. phlegm.


We expected

Immediate dissolution, which we thought DissoʻLVIBLE, adj. [from dissolve. It is

Was meant by death that day.

Milton. commonly written dissolvable, but less 7. Destruction. properly. ] Liable to perish by disso.

He determined to make a present dissolution

of the world. lution.

Hookers Man, that is even upon the intrinsick consti

When this world's dissolution shall be ripe. tution of his nature dissolvible, must, by being in an eternal duration, continue immortal. Hale.

Mi tona

Would they have mankind lay aside all care DISSOLUTE, adj. (dissolutus, Latin.] of provisions by agriculture or commeroe, bem


He thence shall come,

Cause possibly the dissolution of the world may

the mind off froin any purpose or pura happen the next moment?

Bentley suit. 8. Breach or ruin of any thing compacted The meaniness, or the sin, will scarce bo disor united.

suasives to those who have reconciled themselves Is a man confident of wealth and power? to both.

Government of the Tongue. Why let him read of those strange unexpected TV DissU'NDER. v. a. [dis and sunder. dissolutions of the great monarchies and govern

Soutbe ments of the world.

This is a barbarous word. See Dis

SEXER.] To sunder; to separate. 9. The act of breaking up an assembly.

But when her draught the sea and earth disso. Looseness of manners; laxity; re

sunder'd, missness; dissipation.

The troubled bottoms turn'd up, and she thunA longing after sensual pleasures is a dissolu


Chapmax. tica of the spirit of a man, and makes it loose; DISSY'LLABle. n. s. (duocúrabo.] A soft, and wandering, unapt for noble or spiritual employments.

Bp. Taylor.

word of two syllables. Fame makes the mind loose and gayish, scat- No man is tied, in modern poetry, to observe ters the spirits, and leaves a kind of dissolution any farther rule in the feet of his verse, but that upon all the faculties.

Sortb. they be dissyllables ; whether spondee, troches, An universal dissolution of manners began to or iambique, it matters not.

Dryderia prevail, and a prefessed disregard to all fixed Di'stapr. 1. s. [distæf, Saxon.] priociples.

Atterbury. 1. The staff from which the flax is drawn DI'SSONANCE, 1. s. (dissonans, Latin ; in spinning.

dissonance, Fr.] A mixture of harsh, In sum, proud Boreas never ruled fleet, unpleasing, unharmonious sounds ; un

Who Neptune's web on danger's distaff spins, suitableness of one sound to another.

With greater pow'r than she did make them

wend Still govern thou my song, But drive far off the barbarous dissonance

Each way, as she that age's praise did bend. . Of Bacchus and his revellers. Milton.


Weave thou to end this web which I begin; The Latin congue is a dead language, and none

I will the distaff hold, come thuu and spin. can decide with confidence on the harmony or

Fairf. disrmance of the numbers of those times. Garth.

Ran Coll our dog, and Talbot, with the band; Di'sSONANT. adj. [dissonans, Latin.] And Malkin, with her distaf' in her hind. 1. Harsh; unharmonious.

Lryden. Dire were the strain, and dissonant, to sing 2. It is used as an emblem of the female The cruel raptures of the savage kind. Thomson.

sex. So the French say, The crown of 2. Incongruous; disagreeing : with from.

France never falls to the distaff, What can be more dissonant from reason and

In my civil government soine say the crosier, nature, than that a man, naturally inclined to

Hord. clemency, should shew himself unkind and in- some say the distaff, was too busy, human? Hakewvill on Previdence.

See my royal master murder'd, 3. With 10 : less properly.

His crown usurp'd, a distaff in the throne.

Dryden. When conscience reports any thing dissonant to truth, it obliges no more than the falsehood DistaFF-THistle. h.s. A species of reported by it.

South. thistle. TO DISSU Á'DE. v. a. (dissuadeo, Lat.] TO DISTA'IN. v. a. [dis and stain.) 1. To dehort; to divert by reason or iin- 1. To stain; to tinge with an adventiportunity from any thing.

tious colour. We submit to Cæsar, promising,

Nor ceas'd his arrows, till the shady pain To pay our wonted tribute, from the which Sev'n mighty bodies with their blood distain. We were dissuaded by our wicked queen. Shaksp.

Dryden's Virgil 2. To represent any thing as unfit or Place on their heads that crown distaiz'd with dangerous.

gore, This would be worse ;

Which those dire hands from my slain father War therefore, open or conceald, alike

Pope My voice dissuades. Milton's Paradise Lost. 2. To blot; to sully with infamy. Not diffident of thee, do I dissuade

He understood, Thy absence from my sight.

Milton. That lady, whom I had to me assign'd, I'd fain deny this wish, which thou hast made; Had both distaind her honourable blood, Os, what I can't deny, would fain dissuade. And eke the faith which she to me did bind." Addison's Ovid.

Fairy Queck.

The worthiness of praise distains his worth, DISSUADER. 2, s. [from dissuade. ] He

If he that 's prais'd' himself bring the praise that dissuades.


Shaksp. DISSUA'SION. , s. (dissuasio, Latin.) Ur- Some theologicians defile places erected for

gency of reason or importunity against religion, by defending oppressions, distaining any thing ; dehortation.

their professions by publishing odious untruths Endeavour to preserve yourself from relapse

upon report of others.

Sir John Hayw. by such dissuasions from love, as its votarios DI'STANCE. ». s. [distance, Fr. distancall invectives against it.


tia, Latin.] DISSUAʼSIVE. adj. [from dissiiade.] De- 1. Distance is space considered barely in hortatory; tending to divert or deter

length between any two beings, withfrom any purpose.

out considering any thing else between DissUA'Sive.n. s. Dehortation; argu- them.

Locken ment or importunity employed to turn It is very cheap, notwithstanding the great


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Estance between the vineyards and the towns

This heav'n which we behold that sell the wine. Addison on Italy. Distant so high.

Milten. As he lived but a few miles distance from her

I felt, father's house, he had frequent opportunities of Though distant from the worlds between. seeing her. Addison.

Milton. 2. Remoteness in place.

The wond'rous rock like Parian marble shone, Cæsar is still dispos'd to give us terms, And seem'd to distant sight of solid stone. Pepe. And waits at distance till he hears from Cato. Narrowness of mind should be cured by read

Addison. ing histories of past ages, and of nations and These dwell at such convenient distance,

countries distant from our own. Watts. That each may give his friend assistance. Prior. The senses will discover things near us with 3. The space kept between two antago

sufficient exactness, and things distant also, so nists in fencing.

far as they relate to our necessary use.

Watts. We come to see fight; to see thy pass, thy

2. Remote in time either past or future. stock, thy reverse, thy distance. Sbaksp. 3. Remote to a certain degree : as, ter 4. Contrariety ; opposition.

years, ten miles, distant. Banquo was your enemy,

4. Reserved ; shy. So is he mine, and in such bloody distance, 5. Remote in nature; not allied. That every minute of his being thrusts

What besides this unhappy servility to cusAgainst my near'st of life. Sbaksp. Mecbeth.

tom can reconcile men, that own christianity, te 5. A space marked on the course where

a practice so widely distant from it? horses run.

Government of the Tengue. This was the horse that ran the whole field 6. Not obvious; not plain. out of distance, and won the race. L'Estrange. It was one of the first distinctions of a well6. Space of time.

bred man to express every thing obscene in noYou must do it by distance of time. 2 Esdras. dest terms and distant phrases; while the clown

I help my preface by a prescript, to tell that clothed those ideas in plain homely terms that there is ten years distance between one and the are the most obvious and natural. Addison. other.

Prior. Dista'ste. n. s. [dis and taste. ] 7. Remoteness in time either past or 1. Aversion of the palate ; disrelish; future.

disgust. We have as much assurance of these things, He gives the reason of the distaste of satiety, as things future and at a distance are capable of. and of the pleasure in novelty in meats and Tillotson. drinks.

Bacon's Nat. History. To judge right of blessings prayed for, and

2. Dislike; uneasiness. yet at a distance, we must be able to know things

Prosperity is not without many fears and dis. future.

Smalridge. tastes, and adversity is not without comforts and 8. Ideal disjunction ; mental separation.


Bacon's Essays. The qualities that affect our senses are, in the 3. Anger ; alienation of affection. things themselves, so united and blended, that Julius Cæsar was by acclamation termed king, there is no separation, no distance between them.

to try how the peoole would take it: the people Locke.

shewed great murmur and distaste at it. Bacon. 9. Respect; distant behaviour.

The king having tasted of the envy of the peoI hope your modesty

ple, for his imprisonment of Edward PlantageWill know what distance to the crown is due. net, was doubtful to heap up any more distastes

Dryder. of that kind by the imprisonment of De la Pole Tis by respect and distance that authority is also.

Bacon's Henry VII. upheld.


On the part of heaven, If a man makes me keep my distance, the Now alienated, distance and distaste, comfort is, he keeps his at the same time. Anger, and just rebuke. Milton's Par. Lost.


With stern distaste avow'd, so. Retraction of kindness; reserve; alie

To their own districts drive the suitor crowd. nation.

Pope's Odyssey. On the part of heav'n

To Dista'ste. v. a. (from the noun.) Now alienated, distance and distaste,

1. To fill the mouth with nauseousness, Anger, and just rebuke, and jugment giv'n. or disrelish.

Milton: Dang’rous conceits are in their nature poisons, TO DISTANCE. V. a. (from the noun.)

Which at the first are scarce found to distaste, 1. To place reinotely; to throw off from

But, with a little act upon the blood, the view.

Burn like the mines of sulphur. Sbaksp. That which gives a relievo to a bowl, is the

2. To dislike; to loathe. quick light, or white, which appears to be on

I'd have it come to question; the side nearest to us; and the black by conse

If he distaste it, let him to my sister. Slaks: quence distances the object. Dryden's Dufresnoy.

I am unwilling to believe that he doth it with 2. To leave behind at a race the length of

a design to play tricks, and fly-blow my words

to make others distaste them. Stilling fleet. a distance; to conquer in a race with 3. To offend ; to disgust. great superiority.

He thought it no policy to distaste the English Each daring lover, with advent'rous pace, or Irish by a course of reformation, but sought Pursued his wishes in the dangʻrous race;

to please them.

Davies. Like the swift hind the bounding damsel fies, Strains to the goal; the distanc'd lover dies.

4. To vex; to exasperate; to sour.

The whistling of the winds is better musick to

Gay. DI'stant. adj. [distans, Latin.]

cortenied minds, thran the opera to the spleen

ful, stnbitious, diseased, distasted, and distracted 1. Remote in place; not near.


Pop:. .


the sun.


Dista'sTEFUL. adj. [distaste and full.] 3: To disturb; to fill with perturbation; 1. Nauseous to the palate ; disgusting. to ruffle.

What to one palate is sweet and delicious, to Thou see'st me much distemper'd in my another is odious and distasteful.


mind; 2. Offensive ; unpleasing.

Pull'd back, and then push'd forward to be The visitation, though somewhat distasteful to


Dryden. the Irish lords, was sweet and welcome to the 4. To deprive of temper or moderation. common people.

Davies, Distemper'd zcal, sedition, canker'd hate, None but à fool distasteful truth will tell; No more shail vex the church and tear the So ir be new and please, 'tis full as well.

Dryden. Dryden. They will have admirers among posterity, and Distasteful humours, and whatever else may be equally celebrated by those whose minds will reader the conversation of men grievous and not be distempered by interest, passion, or partiauneasy to one another, are forbidden in the New lity.

Addison's Freebolder. Testament.

Tillotson. 5. To make disaffecied, or malignant. 3. Malignant ; malevolent.

Once more to-day well met, distcmper’dlords; After distasteful looks,

The king by me requests your presence straight. With certain half-caps, and cold moving nods,

Sbaksp. They froze me into silence. Sbaksp. Timon. Diste'mperate. adj. [dis and temperate]

The ground might be the distasteful averse- Immoderate. ness of the Christian from the Jew. Brown. Aquinas objecteth the distemperate heat, which DISTE'MPER. n. s. [dis and temper.]

he supposeth to be in all places directly under 1. A disproportionate mixture of parts; Diste ́MPERATURE. n. s. [from distem

Raleigh's History, want of a due temper of ingredients. 2. A disease; a malady; the peccant pre

perate.) dominance of some humour; properly

1. Intemperateness ; excess of heat or a slight illness; indisposition.

cold, or other qualities.

Through this distemperature we see They heighten distempers to diseases.


The seasons alter; hoary-headed frosts

Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose. It argues sickness and distemper in the mind,

Slakso. as well as in the body, when a man is conti

They were consumed by the discommodities nually turning and tossing.


of the country, and the distemperature of the air. 3. Want of due temperature.

Abbot. It was a reasonable conjecture, that those 2. Violent tumultuousness; outrageouscountries which were situated directly under the tropick, were of a distemper uninhabitable.

Raleigh's History.

'3. Perturbation of the mind. 4. Bad constitution of the mind ; predo

Thy earliness doth me assure

Thou art uprous'd by some distemperature. minance of any passion or appetite.

Sbals If little faults, proceeding on distemper, 4. Confusion; commixture of contrarieShall not be wink'd at, how shall we stretch our

ties ; loss of regularity. 1 eve At capital crimes? Shakspeare's Henry v.

At your birth 5. Want of due balance between contra

Our grandame earth, with this distemperature, ries.

In passion shook. Sbalspeare's Henry IV.

Tell how the world fell into this disease, The true temper of empire is a thing rare, And how so great distemperature did grow. and hard to keep; for both temper and distemper

Daniel. consist of contraries.

Bacon. TO DISTE'ND. v.a. [distendo, Latin.] 6. Ill bumour of mind; depravity of in- To stretch out in breadth. clination.

Avoid enormous heights of seven stories, as I was not forgetful of those sparks, which some well as irregular forms; and the contrary fault men's distempers formerly studied to kindle in

of low distended fronts, is as unseemly. Wotton. parliament.

King Charles.

Thus all day long the full distended clouds 7. Tumultuous disorder.

Indulge their genial stores.

Thomson. Still as you rise, the state, exalted too, Diste'NT. part. pass. [distentus, Latin.] Finds no distemper while 'tis chang'd by you. Spread. Not used.


Some others were new driven and distent 2. Disorder; uneasiness.

Into great ingots and to wedges square,
There is a sickness,

Some in round plates withouten moniment. Which puts some of us in distemper; but

Spenser. I cannot name the disease, and it is caught Of you that yet are well.

Dist'ENT. n. s. [from distend.] The space

Slaksp. To DISTÉMPER. v. a. [dis and temper.]

through which any thing is spread ;

breadth. Not much in use. 1. To disease. Young son, it argues a distemper'd head,

Those arches are the gracefulness, which, So soon to bid good-morrow to thy bed.

keeping precisely the same height, shall yet be

distended one fourteenth part longer; which adSbakspeare's Romeo and Juliet. dition of distent will confer much to their 2. To disorder.

beauty, and detract but little from their strength. In madness,

Wotton, Being full of supper and distemp'ring draughts, Upon malicious bravery, dost thou come

Diste'ntion. n. s. [distentio, Latin.) To start my guilt?

Sbakspeare's Otbello. 1. The act of stretching ; state of things He distempered himself one night with long stretched.

Boyle's History of Fluids. Wind and distention of the bowels are signs of VOL. II,


and hard study,

a bad digestion in the intestines; for in dead 3. That which falls in drops. animals, when there is no digestion at all, the

4. The act of distilling by fire. Sistertion is in the greatest extremity. Arbutb.

Water by frequent distillations changes into 2. Breadth; space occupied by the thing fixed earth.

Newton. distended.

The serum of the blood, by a strong distillation, -3. The act of separating one part from affords a spirit, or volatile alkaline salt, and two

kinds of oil, and an earth. Arbuth. on Ali. another ; divarication.

Our legs do labour more in elevation than in 5. The substance drawn by the still. distension, Wotton's Arcbitecture.

I suffered the pangs of an egregious death, to TO DAS THRO'Nize. v.a. [dis and throne. ]

be stopt in, like a strong distillation with cloaths

Sbakspeare. To dethrone; to depose from sove.

DISTILLATORY. adj. [from distil. Be. reignty. Not used, By his death he it recoyered;

longing to distillation ; used in distilla

tion. But Peridure and Vigent him distbronized.

Fairy Queen.

Besides those grosser elements of bodies, salt, DI'STICH. n. s. [disticbon, Latin.) A

sulphur, and mercury, ingredients of a more couplet; a couple of lines; an epigram

subtile nature, excremely little, and not visible,

may escape at the junctures of the distillatery consisting only of two verses.


Boyk. The French compare anagrams, by them- Disti’LLER. n. s. [from distil.] selves, to gems; but when they are cast into a distich, or epigram, to gems enchased in ena

1. One who practises the art or trade of melled gold.

Camden's Remains.

distilling. The bard, whose distich all commend,

I sent for spirit of salt to a very eminent dis

tiller of it. In power, a servant; out of power, a friend.

Borie. Pope. 2. One who makes and sells pernicious TO DISTI'L. V. n. [distillo, Latin.] and inflammatory spirits.' 1. To drop; to fall by drops.

Disti'LMENT, n. s. (from distil.] That In vain kind seasons swell'd the teeming grain; which is drawn by distillation ; that Soft show'rs distillid, and suns grew warın, in which drops. Obsolete. vain.


Upon my secure hour thy uncle stole, Crystal drops from min'ral roofs distil. Pope.

And in the porches of mine ear did pour 2. To fow gently and silently:

The leperous distilment. Shaksp. Hamlet. The Euphrates distilletb out of the mountains DISTINCT. adj. [distinctus, Latin.] of Armenia, and falleth into the gulph of Persia.

1. Different; not the same in number or Raleigh's History:

in kind. 3. To use a still; to practise the art of

BeHarmin saith, it is idolatry to give the sarfie distillation.

worship to an image which is due to God: VasHave I not been

quez saith, it is idolatry to give distinct worship: Thy pupil long? Hast thou not learn'd me how

therefore, if a man would avoid idolatry, he To make perfumes, distil, preserve. Sbaksp.

must give none at all.

Stilling fleet. To Disti'L. v. a.

Fatherhood and property are distinct titles, and 1. To let fall in drops ; to drop any thing began presently, upon Adam's death, to he in down,

distinct persons.

Lecke, They pour down rain, according to the vapour

2. Different; separate ; being apart, not thereof, which the clouds do drop and distil upon conjunct. man abundantly.

Job. The intention was that the two armies, which The dew, which on the tender grass

marched out together, should afterwards be disa The evening had distilld,


Clarendom To pure rose-water turned was,

Men have immortal spirits, capable of a pleaThe shades with sweets that fill'd. Drayton.

sure and happiness distinct from that of our boa From his fair head dies.

Tillotson. Perfumes distil their sweets.


3. Clear; unconfused. The roof is vaulted, and distils fresh water from

Heav'n is high, every part of it, which fell upon us as fast as the High and remote, to see from the ce distinct first droppings of a shower.

Each thing on earth.

Miltor. 2. To force by fire through the vessels of 4. Spotted ; variegated. distillation; to exalt, separate, or purify

Tempestuous fell by fire : as, distilled spirits.

His arrows froin the fourfold-visag'd four, There hangs a vap'rous drop, profound; Distinct with eyes; and from the living wheels I'll catch it ere it comes to ground;

Distinct alike with multitude of eyes. Milton And that, distilld by magick slights,

S. Marked out; specified. Shall raise up artificial sprights. Sbaksp.

Dominion hold 3. To draw by distillation ; to extract by

Over all living things that move on th' earth, the force of fire.

Wherever thus created for no place
Is yet distinct by name.

The liquid distilled from benzoin is subject to

Disti'nction. n. s. [distinctio, Latin.] frequent vicissitudes of fluidity and firmness.


1. The act of discerning one as preferable 4. To dissolve or melt.

to the other. Swords by the lightning's subtle force distillod,

In the wind and tempest of fortune's frown, And the cold sheath with running metal till’d.

Distinction, with a broad and powerful fan, Addison.

Puffing at all, winnows the light asray. Sbekipa DISTILLATION. n. s. [distillatio, Lat.] 2. Note of difference, 1. The act of dropping, or falling in drops. 3. Honourable note of superiority. * The act of pouring out in drops. 4. That by which one differs from another

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