- or

This-faculty of perception.puts the distinction To DISTI'NGUISH. V. a. '[distinguo, betwixt che animal kingdom and the inferior

Latin.] parts of matter.


1. To note the diversity of things. s. Difference regarded ; preference

Rightly to distinguish is, 'by conceit of the neglect in comparison with something mind, to sever things different in nature, and to else.

discern wherein they differ.

Hooker. Maids, women, wives, without distinction fall; 2. To separate from others by some mark The sweeping deluge, love, comes on and covers of honour or preference. all.


They distinguish my poems from those of other 6. Separation of complex notions.

men, and have made me their peculiar care. This fierce abridgment

Dryden. Hath to it circumstantial branches, which

Let us revolve that roll with strictest eye, Distinction should be rich in. Sbaksp. Cymbeline. Where, safc from time, distinguisb'd actions lie. 7. Division into different parts..

Pring. The distinction of tragedy into acts was not 3. To divide by proper notes of diversity. known; or, if it were, it is yer so darkly deli

Moses distinguisbes the causes of the food into vered to us, that we cannot make it out.

those that belong to the heavens,and those that Dryden on Dramatick Poesy. belong to the earth, the rains, and the abyss. 8. Notation of difference between things

Burnet's Theory. seemingly the same ; discrimination. 4. To know one from another by any

The mixture of those things by speech, which mark or note of difference. by nature are divided, is the mother of all error:

So long to take away cherefore that error, which contu- As he could make me, with his eye or ear, sion breedeth, distinction is requisite. Hooker. Distinguish him from others, he did keep Lawfulness cannot be handled without limita- The deck.

Sbakspeare's Cymbeline. tions and distinctions. Bacon's Holy War. We have not yet been seen in any house,

This will puzzle all your logick and distinctions Nor can we be distinguisb'd, by our faces, to answer it. Denbam's Sopby. For man or master.

Shakspeare, From this distinction of real and apparent good, By our reason we are enabled to distinguish some distinguish happiness into two sorts, real good from evil, as well as truth from falsehood. and imaginary. Norris.

Watts. g. Discernment; judgment.

.5. To discern critically; to judge. Disti'NCTIVE. adj. (from distinct.)

Sweet prince, th' untainted virtue of your 1. That marks distinction or difference.

years For from the natal hour, distinctive names,

Hath not yet div'd into the world's deceit; One common right, the great and lowly claims.

Nor more can you distinguish of a man,
Pope's Odyssey;

Thar of his outward shew! Sbakspeara 2. Having the power to distinguish and 6. To constitute difference; to specificate; discern; judicious.

to make different from another. Credulous and vulgar auditors readily believe

St. Paul's Epistles contain nothing but points it, and the more judicious and distinctive heads of christian instruction,amongst which heseldom do not reject it.


fails to enlarge on the great and distinguishing Disti’NCTIVELY.adv. [from distinctive.]

doctrines of our holy religion.

Locke. Particularly; not confusedly.

7. To make known or eminent.

To Disti'NGUISH. V. n.
I did all my pilgrimage dilate,

To make disWhereof by parcels she had something heard,

tinction ; to find or show the difference. But not distinctively;

Sbakspeare's Othello. He would warily distinguish between the profit DISTINCTLY. adv. [from distinct.] of the merchant and the gain of the kingdom.

Cbild's Discourse on Trade. 1.. Not confusedly ; without the confu.

The readers must learn by all means to nisam sion of one part with another.

tinguish between proverbs, and those polite To make an echo that will report three, or speeches which beautify conversation. Svift. four, or five words distinctly, it is requisite that DistI'NGUISHABLE. adj. [from distinthe body percusssing be a good distance off. Bacon's Natural History.

guish.] On its sides it was bounded pretty distinctly,

1. Capable of being distinguished ; capa. . but on its ends very confusedly and indistincdy. ble of being known, or made known,

'Newton's Opticks. by notes of diversity. 2. Plainly; clearly

Impenitent, they left a race behind The object I could first distinctly view,

Like to themselves, distinguishable scarce Was tall straight trees, which on the waters flew.

From gentiles, but by circuincision vain. Millon. Dryden.

The acting of the soul, as it relates to percepAfter the light of the sun was a little worn off

tion and decision, to choice and pursuit, or avermy eyes, I could see all the parts of it distinctly

sion, is distinguishable to us.

Hale. by a glimmering reflection that played upon I shall distribute duty into its principal and

them from the surface of the water. Addison. eminent parts, distinguishable as they relate to DISTINCTNESS. n. s. (from distinct.)

God, our neighbour, and ourselves. 1. Nice observation of the difference be

Government of the Tongue tween different things.

Being dissolved in aqueous juices, it is by the The membranes and humours of the eye are

eye distinguishable from the solvent body. Boyle


A simple idea, being in itself uncompounded, perfectly pellucid, and void of colour, for the

contains nothing but one uniform appearance, of clearness, and for the distinctness, of 'vision.

Ray on the Creation.

conception in the mind, and is not distinguishable into different ideas.

Locke. 2. Such discrimination of things as makes 2. Worthy of note; worthy of regard. them easy to be observed.

I would endeavour that my betters should

to me.


seek me by the merit of something distinguish- The needle endeavours to conform unto the able, instead of my seeking them.


meridian ; but, being distracted, driveth that DISTI'NGUISHED. participial adj. (from way where the greater and powerfuller part of distinguish,] Eminent; transcendent;

the earth is placed. Brown's Vulgar Erreurs. extraordinary.

2. To separate ; to divide. For sins committed with many aggravations

By sea, by sea. of guilt, the furnace of wrath will be seven times

-Most worthy sir, you therein throw away hotter, and burn with a distinguished fury.

The absolute soldiership you have by land

Distract your army, which doth most consist

Of war-mark'd footmen. Never on man did heavenly favour shine,

Shakspears. With rays so strong, distinguisb'd, and divine. 3. To turn from a s.ngle direction toward


various points. DISTINGUISHER. n. s. (from distinguish.]

If he cannot wholly avoid the eye of the ob1. A judicious observer; one that ac

server, he hopes to distract it by a multiplicity of the object.

Soutb. curately discerns one thing from an

4. To fill the mind with contrary conother.

siderations; to perplex; to confound ; If writers be just to the memory of Charles II.

to harass. they cannot deny him to have been an exact knower of mankind, and a perfect distinguisher

While I suffer thy terrors I am distracted.

Psalms. of their talents.


Come, cousin, canst thou quake, and change 2. He that separates one thing from an

thy colour, other by proper marks of diversity. Murder thy breath in middle of a word,

Let us admire the wisdom of God in this dis- And then again begin, and stop again, tinguisber of times, and visible deity, the sun. As if thou wert distraught and mad with terror! Brown's Vulgar Errours.

Shakspeare's Ricbard 01. DISTI'NGUISHINGLY. adv. from dis- It would burst forth; but I recover breath, tinguishing.) With distinction; with

And sense distract to know well what I utter.

Milton's Agonistes. soine mark of eminent preference.

He possesses a quiet and cheerful mind, not afSoine call me a Tory, because the heads of

flicted with violent passions, or distracted with that party have been distinguisbingly favourable

immoderate cares.


If our sense of hearing were a thousand tirras DISTI'NGUISHMENT. n. s. [from distin

quicker than it is, how would a perpetual noise quish.] Distinction ; observation of distract us! We should, in the quietest retirediterence.

ment, be less able to sleep or meditate than in To make corrections upon the searchers re

the middle of a sea-tight.

Locka forts, I considered wiether any credit at all were 5. To make mad: properly, by an unto be given to their distinguishments.

settled and vagrant fancy; but, popuGraunt's Bills of Mortality.

larly, to make mad in whatever mode. To DISTOʻRT. v. a. [distortus, Latin.]

Wherefore throng you hither! i. To writhe ; to twist; to deform by -To fetch my poor distracted husband hence: irregular motions.

Let us come in, that we may bind him fast,

And bear him home for his recovery. Sbals. I see her taste each nauseous draught, And so obligingly am caught,

Better I were distract, I bless the tand from whence they came,

So should my thoughts be sever'd from my griefs, Nor dare distort my face for shame.


And woes, by wrong imagination, lose
The knowledge of themselves.

Sbaks. Now morcal pangs distort his lovely form.


She was unable in strength of mind to bear the 2. To put out of the true direction or

griet of his disease, and fell distracted of her wits.

Bacon. posture.

You shall find a distracted man fancy himself With fear and pain

a king, and with a right inference require suite Distorted, all my nether shape thus grew

able attendance, respect, and obedience. Locke. Transformd.

Milton. Distracteoly. adv. [from distract.] Wrath and malice, envy and revenge, do darken and distort the understandings of men.

Madly; frantickly.

Methought her eyes had cross'd her tongue;

For she did speak in starts distractedly. Sbats 3. To wrest from the true meaning. Something must be distorted beside the intent

DISTRA'CTEDNESS. n. s. [from distract.) of the divine inditer. Peacham on Poetry.

The state of being distracted; mad

ness. DISTOʻRTION. 1. s. [distortio, Lat.] Irregular motion by which the face is DISTRACTION. n. s. (distractio, Latin.]

1. Tendency to different parts; separawrithed, or the parts disordered.

tion. By his distortions he reveals his pains; He by his tears and by his sighs complains.

While he was yet in Rome, Prior.

His power went out in such distractions, as In England we see people lulled asleep with

Beguil'd all spies. Shaksp: Ant. and Cleep. solid and elaborate discourses of piety, who

2. Confusion; state in which the atten. would be warmed and transported out of them

tion is called different ways. selves by the bellowings and distortions of enthu- Never was known a night of such distraction, siasm.

Addison's Spectator. Noise so confus'd and dreadful; jostling crowds, TO DISTRA'CT. v.a. part. pass, dis

That run and knew not whither. Dredeti. tracied; anciently distraught; and soine

What may we not hope from him in a time of

quiet and tranquillity, since, during the late distimes distract. (distractus, Latin.] tractions, he has done so much for the advantage i, To pull different ways at once.

Aldison's Freebolden. Sbafs.

of our trade?


3. Perturbation of mind; violence of nations, with perplexity, the sea and the waves some painful passion.


Lake. The irascible passions follow the tempêr of the

People in affliction or distress cannot be hated heart; the concupiscible distractions, the crasis of To Distress. v. a. (from the noun.]

by generous minds.

Clarissa. the liver.

Brown. The distraction of the children, who saw both 1. To prosecute by law to a seizure. their parents expiring together, would have 2. To harass; to make miserable ; to melted the hardest heart.

Tatler. crush with calamity. 4. Madness; frantickness; loss of the Distress not the Moabites, neither contend wits; vagrancy of the mind.

with them in battle.

Deuteronomy. Madara, this is a mecr distraction :

I am distressed for thee, my brother Jonathan. You turn the good we offer into envy.

2 Sam. So to mad Pentheus double Thebes appeats, DISTRESSFUL. adj. [distress and full.) And furies howl in his distemper'd ears: 1. Miserable; full of trouble ; full of Orestes so, with like distraction tost,

misery. Is made to fly his mother's angry ghost. Waller.

I often did beguile her of her tears, Commiserate all those who labour under a settled distraction, and who are shut out from all

When I did speak of some distressful stroke the pleasures and advantages of human com

That my youth suffer'd.

Shak speare.

The ewes, till folded, with distended thighs, merce.


Unmilk'd, lay bleeting in distressful cries. 3. Disturbance; discord; difference of

Pope. sentiments.

Distressful and desolating events, which have The two armies lay quiet near each other, attended the mistakes of politicians, should be without improving the confusion and distraction present in their minds.

Watts. which the king's forces were too much inclined 2. Attended with poverty. to.

Clarendon. He, with a body dill'd, and vacant mind, Distra'CTIVE. adj. [from distract.] Gets him to rest, cramm'd with distressful Causing perplexity


Sbakspearts Oft grown unmindful through distractive cares,

TO DISTRI'BUTE. v. a. [distribuo, I've stretch'd my arms, and touch'd him una- Lat.) To divide among more than

Dryden. two; to deal out; to dispensate. TO DISTRA’IN. v. a. [from distringo, The king sent over a great store of gentlemen Latin.)

and warlike people, amongst whom he distributed

the land. 1. To seize; to lay hold on as an indem.

Spenser. nification for a debt.

The spoil got on the Antiates

Was not distributed. Shakspeare's Coriolanus, Here's Beauford, that regards not God nor

She did distribute her goods to all them that king,

were nearest of kindred.

Judith. Hath here distrain'd the Tower to his use. DISTRIBUTER. n. S.' [from distribute. )

Shakspeare. 2. To rend ; to tear. Not in use. Spens.

One who deals out any thing; a disTO DISTRA-IN. v.n. To make seizure.

penser. The earl answered, I will not lend money to

There were judges and distributers of justice my superior, upon whom I cannot distrain for

appointed for the several parts of his dominions.

Addison on Italy. the debt,

Camden's Remains. Blood, his rent to have regain’d,

Of that peculiar matter out of which the bóUpon the British diadem distrain'd.

dies of vegetables and of animals are formed, Marvel.

water is the common vehicle and distributer to DISTRA'INER, N.s. (from distrain.) He the parts of those bodies.

Woodward. that seizes.

DISTRIBUÝTION. 1. s. [distributio, Lat.) DISTRA'Int. s. [from distrain.] 1. The act of distributing or dealing out Seizure.

Dict. to others; dispensation. DISTRA'UGHT. part. adj. (from distract.] Of great riches there is no real use, except it Distracted.

be in the distribution,

Bacon's Essays. He had been a good military man in his days,

Providence has made an equal distribution of but was then distraught of his wits. Camden.

natural gifts, whereof each creature severally DISTRE'SS. n. s. (destresse, French.)

has a share.


Every man in a great station would imitate the s. The act of making a legal seizure.

queen in the distribution of offices in his disposal. He would first demand his debt ;. and, if he

Swift. were not paid, he would straight go and take a 2. Act of giving in charity. distress of goods and cattle, where he could find Let us govern our charitable distributions by them, to the value,


this pattern of nature, and maintain a mutual Quoth she, some say the soul's secure

circulation of benefits and returus. Atterbury. Against distress and forfeiture. Hudibras.

3. [In logic.) As an integral whole is 2. A compulsion in real actions, by which

distinguished into its several parts by a man is assured to appear in court, division; so the word distribution is most or to pay a debt or duty which he

properly used, when we distinguish a refused.


universal whole into its several kinds of 3. The thing seized by law.


Watts. 4. Calamity; misery ; misfortune. There can I sit alone, unseen of any,

Distributive. adj. [from distribute.] And to the nightingale's complaining notes

1. That is employed in assigning to others Tuñe my distresses, and record nry woes. Shak.

their portions: as, distributive justice, There shall be signs in the sun, and in the

that which allots to each his sentence moon, and in the stars; and upon earth distress of or claim.


If justice will take all, and nothing give, 3. Diffident of himself; modest ; timorous. Jastice methinks is not distributive. Dryden. Distrustful sense with modest caution speaks;

Observe the distributive justice of the authors, But Kattling nonsense in full vollies breaks. which is constantly applied to the punishment of

Pope. virtue, and the reward of vice, directly opposite DISTRU'STFULLY. adv. [from distrustto the rules of their best criticks, Swift.

ful.] In a distrustful manner. 2. That assigns the various species of a

DISTRU'STFULNESS. n. f. [from disgeneral term.

trustful.] The state of being distrustDistri'BUTIVELY. adv. [from distribu

ful; want of confidence. tive.]

TO DISTUʻRB. v. a. (disturbo, low Lat. ] 1. By distribution.

1. To perplex; to disquiet; to deprive 2. Singly; particularly.

of tranquillity. Although we cannot be free from all sin col

He that has his own troubles, and the happilectively, in such sort that no part thereof shall be found inherent in us; yet, distributively at the

ness of his neighbours, to disturb him, has work enough.

Collier on Envy. least, all great and grievous actual offences, as

His youth with wants and hardships must they offer themselves one by one, both may and ought to be by all means avoided. Hooker.


Plots and rebellions must disturb his age. 3. In a manner that expresses singly all

Prior. the particulars included in a general 2. To confound; to put into irregular term ; not collectively.

motions. An universal term is sometimes taken collectively for all its particular ideas united together; 3. To interrupt; to hinder : as, care and sometimes distributively, meaning each of

disturbs study, them single and alone. Watis' Logick. 4. To turn off from any direction: with District. n. s. [districtus, Latin.] from. This is not usual. 1. The circuit or territory within which

It oft-times may succeed, so as perhars

Shall grieve him, if I fail not; and disturb a man may be compelled to appearance.

His inmost counsels from their destin'd aim. Cowell.

Milton, . 2. Circuit of authority; province. DISTU'RB. n. s. [from the verb.] Con

His governors, who formed themselves upon fusion ; tumultuary emotion. the example of their grand monarque, practised Instant without disturb they took alarm, all the arts of despotick government in their re- And onward move embatteld. Milton. spective districts.

With stern distaste avow'd,

DISTU'RBANCE. 1. s. [from disturb.)
To their own districts drive the suitor crowd. 1. Perplexity; interruption of a settled

Pope's Odyssey. state. 3: Region ; country; territory.

The denomination of money concerns trade, Those districts which between the tropicks lie and the alteration of that necessarily brings disThe scorching beanas, directly darted, fry. turbance to it.

Lacke. Blackmore. 2. Confusion ; disorder of thoughts. DISTRICTION. 1. s. [districtus, Latin.] They can survey a variety of complicatod ideas Sudden display. Little used.

without fatigue or disturbance.

Watts. A smile plays with a surprising agreeableness 3. Tumult; violation of peace. in the eye, breaks out with the brightest distric- This mischief had not then befall'n, tion, and sits like a glory upon the countenance. And more that shall befal: innumerable

Collier on the Aspect.

Disturbances on earth through female snares. : To Distru'st. V. a. (dis and trust.] TO DỊSTU'RBER. n. s. (from disturb.]

Milton, regard with diffidence; to diffide in ;

1. A violater of peace; he that causes nor to trust. He sheweth himself unto such as do not disa

tumults and publick disorders. trust him.


He stands in the sight both of God and men DisTRU'ST. 17. s. [from the verb.)

most justly blameable, as a needless disturber of

the peace of God's church, and an author of 1. Discredit; loss of credit; loss of con- dissension.

Hooker. fidence.

Men that make an insult upon society, ought To me reproach

to be humbled as disturbers of the public trans Rather belongs, distrust, and all dispraise.


Addison, Milton.

Ye great disturbers, who in endless noise, 2. Suspicion ; want of faith ; want of

In blood and horror scek unnatural joys; confidence in another.

For what is all this bustle, but to shun

Those thoughts with which you dare not be You doubt not me; nor have I spent my blood,


Granville, To have my faith no better understood: Your soul's above the baseness of distrust;

2. He that injures tranquillity; he that Nothing but love could make you so unjust. causes perturbation of mind.


Two deep enemies, DISTRU'STFUL. adj. [distrust and full.] Foes to my rest, and my sweet sleep's disturbers, 1. Apt to distrust; suspicious,

Sbakspeare. Generals often harbour distrustful thoughts in To DISTU'RN. v. a. [dis and turn.) To their breasts.

Boyle's Serapbic Love. turn off; to turn aside. Not in use. z. Not confident, difedent.

He glad was to disturn that furious stream The great corrupters of discourse have not Of war on us, that else had swallow'd them. been so distrustful of chemselves.

Daniel. Gop. of the Tongue. DUSVALUATION, 7.s. Edis and valua.

tior. Disgrace; diminution of repu. To DisvoʻUCH. v.a. (dis and vouch.) tation.

To destroy the credit of; to contradict. What can be more to the disvaluation of the Every letter he hath writ hath disvoucb'danopower of the Spaniard, than that eleven thou- ther.

Sbakspeare. Sand English should have marched into the heart Diswi’TTED. adj. [dis and wit.] Deof his countries.


prived of the wits; mad; distracted. To DISVA'LUE. v.a. (dis and value.] Not in use. To undervalue; to set a low price upon.

She ran away alone; Her reputation was disvalued

Which when they heard, there was not one In levity. Sbakspeare's Meas, for Meas. But hasted after to be gone,

The very same pride which prompts a man to As she had been diswitted. Drayton's Nymphidi vannt and overvalue what he is, does as forcibly Dit. n. s. [dicht, Dutch.] A ditty; a incline him to contemn and disvalue what he has.

Gov. of the Tongue

poem; a tune. Obsolete.

No bird but did her shrill notes sweetly sing; TO DISVELOP. v.a. [developer, French.]

No song but did contain a lovely dit.

F. Queen. To uncover.

Dict. Dita'tion. n. s. [ditatus, Latin.] The DISU'NION. 1.5. [dis and union.]

act of enriching. 1. Separation ; disjunction.

Those eastern worshippers intended rather Rest is most opposite to motion, the imme- homage than ditation; the blessed virgin comes diate cause of disunion. Glanville's Scepsis.

in the form of poverty.

Hall's Contemplations, Disunion of the corporeal principles, and the DITCH. n. s. [dic, Saxon; diik, Erse.) vital, causeth death. Grew's Cosmologia Sacra.

1. A trench cut in the ground, usually Let not peace be made before the disunion of France and Spain. Adilison's State of the War.

between fields.

Some asked for manors, others for acres that The strength of it will join itselt to France, and grow the closer to it by its disunion from the hay convenient for them; that he would pull rest. Addison on ibc War.

down his fences, and level his ditcbes. Arbuthriot. 2. Breach of concord.

Sudden the ditches swell, the meadows swim.

Thomson. To Disuni'te. v. a. (dis and unite.]

2. Any long narrow receptacle of water : 1. To separate; to divide.

used sometimes of a small river in The beast they then divide, and disunite The ribs and limbs.

Pope's Odyssey.

contempt. 2. To part friends or allies.

In the great plagues there were seen, in divers

ditches and low grounds about London, many To DISUNI'TE. v.n. [dis and unite.] To

toads that had tails three inches long Bacon. fall asunder; to become separate. 3. The moat with which a fortress is While every particular member of the publick

surrounded. provides solely for itself, the several joints of the

The ditches, such as they were, were altoge body politic do separate and disunite, and so

ther dry, and easy to be passed over. Knolles. become unable to support the whole. South.

4. Ditch' is used, in composition, of any DISU'NITY. n. s. [dis and unity.) A state

thing worthless, or thrown away into of actual separation.

ditches. Disunity is the natural property of matter, Poor Tom, when the foul fiend rages, eats which is nothing else but an infinite congeries of

cowdung for sallets, swallows the old rat, and the physical monads.

ditch dog.

Shakspeare DisU'SAGE. n.s. (dis and usage.] The To Ditch. v. n. (from the noun.]' To gradual cessation of use or custom.

make a ditch. They cut off presently such things as might be extinguished without danger, leaving the rest

I have employed my time, besides ditching, to be abolished by disusage through tract of DITCH-DELIVERED. adj. (ditch and

in tinishing my travels.

Swift: time.

Hooker. Disu'se. 1. s. [dis and use.]

deliver.) Brought forth in a ditch. 1. Cessation of use; desuetude ; want of

Finger of birth-strangled babe,

Ditch-deliver'd by a drab. Sbaks. Macbetb. practice.

Di’TCHER. n. s. [from ditck.) One who The disuse of the tongue is the only effectual remedy against these. Addison's Guardian.

digs ditches.

You merit new employments daily, &. Cessation of custom.

Our thatcher, ditider, gard'ner, baily. Swift. That obligation upon the lands did not pre- DithyRAʼMBICK. n. s. [dithyrambus, scribe, or come into disuse, but by fifty consecu


Latin.) To Disu'se. v.a. [dis and use.]

1. A song in honour of Bacchus; in 1. To cease to make use of.

which anciently, and now among the 'Tis law, though custom now diverts the Italians, the distraction of ebriety is

imitated. As nature's institute is yet in force, Uncancell'd, though disu's'd. Dryden's Falles.

2, Any poem written with wildness and

enthusiasm. Priam in arms disus'd invests hislimbsdecay d.


DITHYRA APICK, odz. Wild; enthu. 2. To disaccustom: with from or 10 ;

siastick. more properly from.

Pindar does new words and figures roll Disuse me from the queasy pain

Down his impe: vous dit! yrambick tije. Coreley. Of being belov'd and loving.


Ditta'NDER. n. s. The same with perHe shall his troops for fighting fields prepare,

perwort. Disus'd to toils and triumphs of the war. Di’TT ANY. 1. s. [dictamnus.) A plant.

Dryden. Dittary hath beca renowned, for many azer,

tive years.

course :

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