The gourd

Divers. adj. [diversus, Lat.] Several; 1. The act of turning any thing off from sundry; more than one. Out of use.

its course.
We have divers examples in the church of such Cutting off the tops, and pulling off the buds,
as, by fear, being compelled to sacrifice to strange work retention of the sap for a tiine, and
gods, repented, and kept still the office of diversion of it to the sprouts that were not for-
preaching the gospel


Bacon's Natural History.
The teeth breed when the child is a year and I have ranked this diversion of christian praca
a half old : then they cast them, and new ones tice among the effects of our contentions.
come about seven years; but divers have back-

Decay of Piety ward teeth come at twenty, some at thirty and 2. The cause by which any thing is turnforty. Bacon's Natural History.

ed from its proper course or tendency. Drvers letters were shot into the city with ar

Fortunes, honour, friends,
Iows, wherein Solyman's councils were revealed.


Are mere diversions from love's proper object,

Which only is itself. Denham's Sopby. Dicers friends thought it strange, that a white a fusion of spring-water. dry body should acquire a rich colour upon the 3. Sport; something that unbends the

Boyle on Colours,

mind by turning it off from care. Di. Diverse. adj. [diversus, Latin.] version seems to be something lighter 1. Different from another.

than amusement, and less forcible than Four great beasts came up from the sea, di

pleasure. merse one from another,


You for those ends whole days in council sit, 2. Different from itself; various; multi And the diversions of your youthforget. Waller. diffused.

In the book of games and diversions, the rea Eloquence is a great and diverse thing, nor did der's mind may be supposed to be relaxed. ste yet ever favour any man so much as to be

Addison's Spectator. wholly his.

Ben Jonson. Such productions of wit and humour as ex. 3. In different directions. It is little pose vice and folly, furnish useful diversions to used but in the last sense.


Addison's Freebolder.

4. [In war.] The act or purpose of And thirsty cucumber, when they perceive Th' approaching olive, with resentment fly

drawing the enemy off from some design, Her fatty fibres, and with tendrils creep,

by threatening or attacking a distant Diverse, detesting contact.


part. To seize his papers, Curl, was next thy care; Diversity. n. s. [diversité, Fr. from His papers light fly diverse, tost in air. Pope. DIVERSIFIC A'TIÓN. n. s. [from diver

diversitas, Latin.) 1. Difference ; dissimilitude; unlikeness.

Then is there in this diversity no contrariety. 1. The act of changing forms or qualities.

Hooker. If you consider how variously several things They cannot be divided, but they will prove may be compounded, you will not wonder that opposite; and, not resting in a bare diversity, rise such fruitful principles, or manners of diversi into a contrariety.

South fication, should generate differing colours. Boyle. The must common diversity of human consti

tutions arises from the solid parts, as to their Variety of forms; multiformity.

different degrees of strength and tension. 4. Change ; alteration.

Arbuthnot. This, which is here called a change of will, is

2. Variety. not a change of his will, but a change in the ob

The diversity of ceremonies in this kind ject , which seems to make a diversification of the

ought not to cause dissension in churches. will , but indeed is the same will diversified.

Hooler. Hale's Origin of Mankind.

Society cannot subsist without a diversity of To Dive'rsify. V. a. (diversifier, Fr.)

stations; and if God should grant every one a 1. To make different from another ; to

middle station, he would defeat the very scheme to discriminate, of happiness proposed in it.

Rogers. There may be many species of spirits, as

3. Distinct being; not identity. much separated and diversified one from another

Considering any thing as existing at any deteras the species of sensible things are distinguished

mined time and place, we compare it with itself

existing at another time, and thereon form the Male souls are diversified with so many cha- 4. Variegation. Locke. ideas of identity and diversity.

Locke. terials suficient to furnish out their different

A waving glow his bloomy beds display,

Blusining in bright diversities of day.

. ments for Grecian generals, than for Milton to

1. In different ways; differently; variously,

The lack we all have, as well of ghostly as of earthly favours, is in each kind easily known; but the gifts of God are so diversly bestowed,

that it seldom appeareth what all receive; what The country being diversified between hills

all stand in need of seldom lieth hid. Hooker,

Both of them do diversly work, as they have their medium diversly disposed.

Bacon. Whether the king did permit it to save his Sidney.

purse, or to communicate the envy of a business

displeasing to his people, was diversly interBacon. preted.

Bacon, Leicester bewrayed a desire to plant him in the queen's favoux, which was diversby interpreted

Variation ; variegation.

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one from another.

racters, that the world has not variety of ma




diversify huis infernal council with proper cha

Addison's Spectator. 2. To make different from itself; to vary ;

to variegate. and dales, woods and plains, one place more dear, another more darksome, it is a pleasant picture. There is, in the producing of some species, a composition of matter, which may be much diDIVERSION. 1. s. [from diver:.]

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by such as thought that great artizan of courts Fr.] Diversion; delight; pleasure. to do nothing by chance, nor much by affection.

Not much in use.

How fond soever men are of bad divertisen The universal matter, which Moses com

ment, it will prove mirth which ends in heaviprehendeth under the names of heaven and


Government of the

Tongue. earth, is by divers disersly understood. Raleigh. Dive'rtive. adj. [from divert.] Recre

William's arm Could nought avail, however fam'd in war; ative ; amusive ; exhilarating. A nord Nor armies leagu'd, that diversly assay'd

not fully authorized. To curb his pow'r.


I would not exclude the common accidents of 2. In different directions; to different life, nor even things of a pleasant and divertice points.

nature, so they are
innocent, from conversation.

On life's vast ocean diversly we sail;
Reason the card, but passion is the gale.. Pope.

TO DIVE'ST. v. a. [devestir, French. TO DIVEʻRT. v.a. [diverto, Latin,] The English word is therefore more 1. To turn off from any direction or properly written devest. See DEVEST.] course,

To strip; to make naked; to denude. I rather will subject me to the malice

Then of his arms Androgeus he digests ; Of a diverted blood and bloody brother. Shaksp.

His sword, his shield, he takes, and plumed

Denbam. Knots, by the conflux of the meeting sap, Infect the sound pine, and divert his grain,

Let us divest the gay phantom of temporal Tortive and errant, from his course of growth.

happiness of all that false lustre and ornament Shakspeare.

in which the pride, the passions, and the folly of He finds no reason to have his rent abated, be

men have dressed it up.

Rogers. cause a greater part of it is diverted from his Dive'STURE. n. s. [from divest.] Îhe landlord.

Locke. act of putting off. They diverted raillery from improper objects, The divesture of mortality dispenses them and gave a new turn to ridicule,


from those laborious and avocating duties which Nothing more is requisite for producing all are here requisite to be performed. Boyle, the variety of colours, and degrees of refrangi. Divi'DABLE. adj. (from divide.] Sepability, than that the rays of light be bodies of different sizes; the least of which may make

rate ; different ; parted. Not used.

How could communities maintain violet, the weakest and darkest of the colours, and be more easily diverted by refracting surfaces

Peaceful commerce from dividable shores? from the right course; and the rest, as they are

Sbaksø. bigger and bigger, make the stronger and more

Divi'DANT. adj. [from divide.] Differ. lucid colours, blue, green, yellow', and red, ent; separate. Not in use. and be more and more difficultly diverted.

Twinn'd brothers of one womb,

Newton. Whose procreation, residence, and birth 2. To draw forces to a different part. Scarce is divident, touch with several fortunes. The kings of England would have had an abe

Sbaksp solute conquest of Ireland, if their whole power

To DIVI'DE. v. a. [divido, Latin.) had been employed; but still there arose sundry 1. To part one whole into different occasions, which divided and diverted their power pieces. some other way,

Davies on Ireland,

Divide the living child in two, and give half 3. To withdraw the mind.

to the one, and half to the other. i Kings Alas, how simple, to these cates compar'd, Let old Timotheus yield the prize, Was that crude apple that diverted Eve! Milton. Or both divide the crown;.

They avoid pleasure, lest they should have He rais'd a mortal to the skies, their affections tainted by any sensuality, and She drew an angel down.

Dryden. diverted from the love of him who is to be the They were divided into little independent soonly comfort.

Addison on Italy. cieties, speaking different languages.
Maro's muse, not wholly bent

2. To separate; to keep apart, by standOn what is gainful, sometimes she diverts

ing as a partition between. From solid counsel.


Let there be a firmament in the midst of the 4. To please; to exhilarate. See Diver

waters, and let it divide the waters from the SION.

Genesis. An ingenious gentleman did divert or instruct

You must go the kingdom by his papers.

Swift. Where seas, and winds, and desarts will divide 5. To subvert; to destroy; in Shakspeare,

Dryden. unless it helong to the first sense.

3. To disunite by discord. Frights, changes, horrours,

There shall five in one house be divided. Divert and crack, rend and deracinate

Lute, The unity and married calm of states. Sbaksp. 4. To deal out; to give in shares. DIVE'RTER. 7. s. (from the verb.] Any Then in the midst a țearing groan did break thing that diverts or alleviates.

The name of Antony: it was divided Angling was, after retrous study, a rest to his

Between her heart and lips.

Sbaksp. mind, a cheerer of bts spirits, and a diverter of Divide the prey into two parts; between them sadness.


that took the war upon them, who went out to TO DIVERTI'SE. v. a. [divertiser, Fr.

battle; and between all the congregation.

Numbers. diverto, Latin.) To please ; to exhi.

Cham and Japhet were heads ard princes over larate ; to divert. Little used.

their families, and had a right to divide the earth Let orators instruct, let them divertise, and by famílies. let them move us; this is what is properly meant by the word salt.

Dryden. 1. To part; to sunder, DIVERTISEMENT. N. 3. [divertissement,

2. To break friendship 3




To Divide. V. n.

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a divided people.

3. Excellent in a supreme degree. In 3. In a manner noting a deity.

love cools, friendship falls off,

The divinest and the richest mind,
Brothers divide. Sbakspeare's King Lear. Both by art's purchase and by nature's dower,
DIVIDEND. n. s. [from divide.]

That ever was from heav'n to earth confinid

Davies, 1. A share; the part allotted in division. Each person shall adapt to himself his pecu- 4. Presageful; divining; prescient.

Yet oft his heart, divine of something ill, liar share, like other dividends. Decay of Piety. If on such petty merits you confer

Misgave him; he the fault'ring measure felt.

So vast a prize, let each his portion share:
Make a just dividends and, if not all,

Divine. n. s.
The greater part to Diomede will fall

. Dryden. 1. A minister of the gospel ; a priest; a 2. (In arithmetick.] The number given clergyman. to be parted or divided. Cocker, Claudio must die to-morrow: let him be fure Divider. n. s. [from divide.]

nished with divines, and have all charitable pre1. That which parts any thing into



Give Martius leaye to proceed in his dispieces.

course; for he spoke like a divine in armour. According as the body moved, the divider did

Bacon's Holy War. more and more enter into the divided body ; so

A divine has nothing to say to the wisést conit joined itself to some new parts of the medium

gregation, which he may not express in a manor divided body, and did in like manner forsake ner to be understood by the meannest among others.


Szift. 2. A distributor; he who deals out to

2. A man skilled in divinity; a theclo. each his share.

Who made me a judge or divider over you. Th'eternal cause in their immortal lines


Was taught, and poets were the first divinesa 3. A disuniter; the person or cause that

Denban. breaks concord.

To Divi'ne. v. a. (divino, Latin.] To Money, the great divider of the world, hath, by a strange revolution, been the great uniter of

foretel; to foreknow; to presage. Swift.

Why dost thou say king Richard is deposid? 4. A particular kind of cornpasses.

Dar’st thou, thou little better thing than carta, Dividual. adj. (dividuus, Latin.) Dic To DivI'NE. V. n.

Divine his downfal?

Shakop vided ; shared or participated in common with others.

1. To utter prognostication.

Then is Cæsar and he knit
She shines,
Revolv'd on heav'n's great axle, and her reign

were to divine of this unity, I would not proWith thousand lesser lights dividual holds,

phesy so.

Sbatsp. With thousand thousand stars!

The prophets thereof divine for money. Mic.

Milton. DIVINA'TION. N, s. (divinatio, Latin.

2. To feel presages. 1. Divination is a prediction or foretelling

If secret powers of future things, which are of a secret

Suggest but truth to my divining thoughts, and hidden nature, and cannot be

This pretty lad will prove our country's bliss. known by any human means.

Sbaksp. Certain tokens they noted in birds, or in the

Ayliffe. 3. To conjecture; to guess.

The best of commentators can but guess at his entrails of beasts, or by other the like frivolous

meaning; none can be certain he has divined Surely there is no enchantment against Jacob, Hooker. rightly.

Dryden. neither is there any divination against Israel,

He took it with a bow, and soon divin'd

The seeming toy was not for nought design'd.

And naturally all souls to his did bow;

In change of torment would be ease: As wands of divination downward draw,

Could you divine what lovers bear, And point to beds where sov'reign gold doch

Even you, Prometheus, would confess

There is no vulture like despair. Granville. The excellency of the soul is seen by its

Dryden. Divi'NELY. adv. [from divine.] power of divining in dreams: that several such divinations have been made, none can question

1. By the agency or influence of God.

Faith, as we use the word, called commonly 2. Conjectural presage or prediction.


divine faith, has to do with no propositions but
those which are supposed to be divinely inspired.

This topick was very fitly and divinely made

use of by our apostle, in his conference with 1. Partaking of the nature of God.

philosophers, and the inquisitive people of

Her line

2. Excellently; in the supreme degree.

The Grecians most divinely have given to the

astive perfection of men, a name expressing both
beauty and goodness.

She fair, divinely fair ! fit love for gods.

Exalted Socrates ! divinely brave!
Hooker. Injur'd he fell, and dying he forgave;
Too noble for revenge.



His countenance did imprint an awe,


who believes the holy writings.

Tell thou thy earl his divination lies,
And I will take it as a sweet disgrace. Sbaksp.
DIVINE. adj. [divinus, Latin.]

Was hero-make, half human, half divine. 2. Proceeding from God; not natural not human.

The benefit of nature's light is not thought excluded as unnecessary, because the necessity of a divine light is magnified. Instructed, you'd

explore Disine contrivance, and a God adore. Blackm. this sense it may admit of comparison,

His golden horns appear’d,
That on the forehead shone divinely bright,

And o'er the banks diffus'd a yellow light.

Among hard words I number those which are

Addison, peculiar to divinity, as it is a science. Swift. Divi’NENESS. n. s. (from divine.] 6. Something supernatural. 1. Divinity ; participation of the divine They say there is divinity in odd numbers, nature.

either in nativity, chance, or death. Sbakso Is it then impossible to distinguish the divine DIVI'SIBLE. adj. (divisibilis, Latio.] ness of this book from that which is humane? Capable of being divided into parts;

Grew. discerptible; separable. 2. Excellence in the supreme degree.

When we frame in our minds any notion of By Jupiter, an angel! or, if not,

matter, we conceive nothing else but extension An earthly paragon: behold divineness

and bulk, which is impenetrable, or divisible and No elder than a boy.


Bentley Divi'NER. 1. s. [from To divine.]

Divisibility. n. s. [divisibilité, Fr.) 1. One that professes divination, or the The quality of admitting division or art of revealing oceult things by super

separation of parts. natural means.

The most palpable abs!!rdities will press the This drudge of the devil, this diviner, laid

asserters of infinite divisivility,

Glanville. claim to me, called me Dromio, and swore I was

This will easily appear to any one, who will assured to her; told me what privy marks I had

let his thoughts loose in the vast expansion of about me.

Locks Shaksp.

space, or divisibility of matter. Expelled his oracles, and common temples of DivisiBLENESS. n. s. [from divisible.) delusion, the devil runs into corners, exercising Divisibility. meaner trumperies, and acting his deceits in Naturalists disagree about the origin of mowitches, magicians, diviners, and such inferior tion, and the indefinite divisibleness of matter. seducers. Brown's Vulgar Errours.

Boyke. 9. Conjecturer; guesser.

Division, 1. s. [divisio, Latin.) If he himself be conscious of nothing he then

1. The act of dividing any thing into thought on, he must be a notable diviner of parts. thoughts, that can assure him that he was

2. The state of being divided. thinking

Locke. Thou madest the spirit of the firmament, and Divi'NERESS. n. s. [from diviner.) A commanded it to part asunder, and to make a prophetess; a woman professing divi.

division betwixt the waters.

2 Esdras. nation.

3. That by which any thing is kept The mad divineress had plainly writ,

apart; partition. A time should come, but many ages yet, 4. The part which is separated from the In which sinister destinies ordain

rest by dividing A dame should drown with all her fcather'd

If we look into communities and divisions of train.


men, we observe that the discreet man, not the Divinity. 1. s. [divinité, Fr. divinitas, wi'ty, guides the conversation. Latin.)

5. Disunion ; discord; difference. Participation of the nature and excel There was a division among the people, helence of God; deity ; godheid.

cause of him.

obr. As with new wine intoxicated both,

As to our divisions with the Romanists, were They swim in mirth, and fancy that they feel our differences the product of heat, they would, Divinity within them breeding wings,

like small clefts in the ground, want but a cool Wherewith to scorn the earth. Milton. season to cement them,

Decay of Piety. When he attributes divinity to other things 6. One of the parts into which a discourse than God, it is only a divinity by way of parti is distributed. cipation,

Stilling fleet. 2. God; the Deity; the Supreme Being;

In the divisions I have made, I have endeathe Cause of causes.

voured, the best I could, to govern myself by

the diversity of matter. Tis the Divinity that stirs within us, "Tis Heav'n itself that points out an hereafter,

Express the heads of your divisions in as few

and clear words as you can, otherwise I never And intimates eternity to man. Addisoy. can be able to retain them.

Swift. 3. False god.

7. Space between the notes of musick, ar Vain idols, deities that ne'er before

parts of a musical composure; just In Israel's lands had fix'd their dire abodes, Beastly divinities, and droves of gods.


Prior. 4. Celestial being.

Thy tongue

Makes Welsh as sweet as dirties highly penn'd, Ged doubtless can govern this machine he Sung by a fair queen in a summer's bower, could create, by more direct and easy inethods With ravishing division, to her lute. Sbaksp. than employing these subservient divinities,

Our tongue will run divisions in a tune, not

Cheyne. missing a note, even when our thoughts are 3. The science of divine things; theo totally engaged elsewhere. logy.

8. Distinction, Fear him but reason in divinity,

I will put a division between my people and And, all adiniring, with an inward wish

thy people. You would desire the king were made a prelate. 9. [In arithmetick.]

The separation or Trust not my age,

parting of any number or quantity My reverence, calling, nor divinity,

. given, into any parts assigned. "Cocker: If this sweet lady lie not guiltless here 10. Subdivision distinction of the genę. Under some biting errour,

Shaksp. ral into species,






from my religion.



DivoʻRCEMENT. n. s. [from divorce.)
In the division of each several crime,

Divorce; separation of marriage.
Acting it many ways.
Sbakspeare's Macbeth.

Write her a bill of divorcement, and give it is
Divisor. n. s. (divisor, Latin.) The her hand, and send her out of his house. Deut.

number given, by which the dividend Divo'RCER. n. s. [from divorce.] The is divided; the number which shows

person or cause which produces divorce I how many parts the dividend is to be

or separation. divided into

Death is the violent estranger of acquaintance, DIVORCE. n. s. (divorce, Fr. from di the eternal divorcer of marriage. Drummond cortium, Latin.)

DIURETICK. adj. [diepátina,] Having 1. The legal separation of husband and the power to provoke urine. wife.

Diureticks are decoctions, emulsions, and oils Divorce is a lawful separation of husband and

of emollient vegetables, that relax the urinary wife, made before a competent judge, on due

passages; such as relax ought to be tried before Cognizance had of the cause and sufficient proof

such as force and stimulate. Those emollients Hade thereof. Ayifa: Paragor.

ought to be taken in open air, to hinder them To restore the king,

frum perspiring, and on empty stomachs., He counsels a divoril, a loss of her,

Arbuibnet. Thai ike a jewel has hung twenty years

Graceful as John, she moderates the reins, About his neck, yet never lost her lustre.

And whistles sweet her diuretick strains. Younge Sbakspeare's Henry vill.

DIU'RNAL. adj. [diurnus, Latin.) He had in his eye the divorce which had passed 1. Relating to the day. betwixt the emperor and Scribonia. Dryden. We observe in a day, which is a short year, 2. Separation ; disunion.

the greatest heat about two in the afternoon, Such motions may occasion a farther aliena

when the sun is past the meridian, which is the tiin of mind, and divorce of affections, in her,

diurnal solstice, and the same is evident from the

thermometer. King Charles.

Brown's Vulgar Errours. These things, to be a bastard, and to be born

Think, ere this diurnal star cut of la:vful wedlock, are convertible the one

Leave cold the night, how we his gather'd beams with the other; and 'tis hard to make divorce

Reflected, may with matter sere foment. between those things that are so near in nature

Milton. 13 each other, as being convertible terms.

2. Constituting the day.

Aylige. Why does he order the diurna! hours 5. The sentence by which a marriage is

To leave earth's other part, and rise in curs?

Prior. 5. The cause of any penal separation.

3. Performed in a day; daily; quotiGo with me, like good angels, to my end;

dian. Ard, as the long divorce of steel falls on me,

The prime orb, Make of your prayers one sweet sacrifice,

Incredible how swift, had thither roul'd And lift my soul to heav'n.


Milton. Slaksp.

The diurnal and annual revolution of the sun To Divorce. v.a. [from the noun.]

have been, from the beginning of nature, con1. To separate a husband or wife from

stant, regular, and universally observable by all mankind.

Locke, 1. To force asunder; to separate by vio

DIU'RNAL. n. s. (diurnal, Fr.] A jour

nal; a day-book.
Were it consonant unto reason to diverse DIU'RNALLY. adv. [from

adv. [from diurnal.) these two sentences, the former of which doch shew how the latter is restrained, and, not

Daily ; every day. marking the former, to conclude by the latter

As we make the enquiries, we shall diurnalla

communicate them to the publick. Taile. The continent and the island were continued

Hooker. DIUTU'RNITY. 1. s. [diniurnitas, Lat.]

Length of duration. drawbridge; but are now divorced by the down

Such a coming, as it might be said that that
So seem'd her youthful soul not eas'ly fore’d,
Carew's Survey of Cornwall.

generation should not pass till it was fulfilled,
they needed not suppose of such diuturnity.

Bromen's Fulgar Errors. TO DIVUʻLGE. v. a. (divulgo, Latin.] Waller.

1. To publish ; to make publick; to reveal to the world.

Men are better contented to have their comShaksp.

mendations suppressed, than the contrary much divulged.

Hooker. I will pluck the veil of modesty from the so seeming inistress Page, and divulge Page himself

for a secure and wiltul Acteon. Shalsp. Hooker.

These answers, in the silent night receiv'de The king himself divulg'd, the land believ'd.

Dryden. You are deprived of the right over your own sentiments, of the privilege of every human creature, to divulge or conceal them. Pope.

The cabinets of the sick, and the closets of the dead, have been ransacked to publish private letters, and divulge to all mankind the most secret sentiments of friendship.


the other.


of them?

together, within men's remembrance, by a

fallen difts.

Or from so far, so sweet a seat divori’d. 3. To separate from another.

If chou wert not glad, 1 x Juld divorce me from thy mother's tomb, Sepulch'ring on adultress.

If so be it were possible, that all other ornamenes of mind might be had in their full perfection, nevertheless the mind that should possess them, divorced from piety, could be but a

spectacle of commiseration.
4. To take away ; to put away.

I dare not make myself so guilty,
To give up willingly that noble title
Your master wed me to: nothing but death

my dignities. Sbakss. Aerial pasture the lungs with gentle force Constant embrace by turns, by turns divorce.


Shall e'er divorce

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