upon the account of its sovereign qualities in me- That the air in the blood vessels of live bodicines. It is generally brought over dry from dies has a communication with the outward air, the Levant.

Miller. I think, seems plain from the experiments of Virgil reports of dittany, that the wild goats human creatures being able to bear air of much eat it when they are shot with darts. More. greater density in diving, and of much less upon Di'ttieD. adj.'. [from ditty ] Sung; the tops of mountains, provided the changes be adapted to music.

made gradually.

Arbutbrot, He, with his soft pipe, and smooth dittied song, 2. To go under water in search of any Well knows to still the wild winds when they thing.


Crocodiles defend those pearls which lie in the DITTY. n. s. [dicht, Dutch.] A poem lakes: the poor Indians are eaten up by them, to be sung ;. a song.

when they dive for the pearl.

Raleigh. Although we lay altogether aside the conside- The knave deserves it, when he tempts the ration of ditty or matter, the very harmony of

main, sounds being framed in due sort, and carried Where folly fights for kings, or dives for gain. from the ear to the spiritual faculties of our

Pape. souls, is, by a native puissance and efficacy; 3. To go deep into any question, doc. greatly available to bring to a perfect temper trine, or science. whatsoever is there troubled.


The wits that div'd most deep and soar'd most Being young, I framed to the harp

high, Many an English ditty lovely well,

Seeking man's pow'rs, have found his weakAnd gave the tongue a helpful ornament. Shaks.

ness such

Davies. Strike the melodious harp, shrill timbrels ring,

He performs all this out of his own fund, And to the warbling lute soft ditties sing.

without diving into the arts and sciences for a supply.

Drydm. His annual wound in Lebanon, allur'd

Whensoever we would proceed beyond those The Syrian damsels to lament his fate,

simple ideas, and dive farther into the nature of In am'rous ditties, all a summer's day. Milton. Mean while the rural ditties were not mute,

things, we fall presently into darkness and obscurity.

Locke. Temper'd to the oaten Hlute; Rough satyrs danc'd.


You swim a-top, and on the surface strive;

But to the depths of nature never dive. They will be sighing and singing under thy in

Blackmore. exorable windows lamentable ditties, and call

You should have div'd into my inmost thee cruel.


Philips. DIVA'n.n. s. (an Arabick or Turkish word.]

4. To immerge into any business or

condition. 1. The council of the Oriental princes.

Sweet prince, th' untainted virtue of your 2. Any council assembled : used com

years monly in a sense of dislike.

Hath not yet dio'd into the world's deceit, Forth rush'd in haste the great consulting Nor can distinguish. Sbakspeare's Richard III. peers,

5. To depart from observation ; to sink. Rais'd from the dark divan, and with like joy

Dive, thoughts, down to my soul. Sbaksp. Congratulant approach'd him. Milton.

To Dive. v.a. To explore by diving. Swift to the queen the herald Medon ran, Who heard the consult of the dire divan. Pope.

Then Brutus, Rome's first martyr, I must

name, TO DIVARICATE. V.n. [divaricatus, Latin.) To be parted into two; to

The Curtii bravely div'd the gulph of fame.

Denban. become bifid.

To Dive'll. v. a. [divello, Latin.) To The partitions are strained across: one of them divaricates in two, and another into seve

pull; to separate; to sever. ral small ones.


They begin to separate; and may be easily diTo DIVA'RICATE.

velled or parted asunder. V. a. To divide into

Brown's Vulg. Err.

Di'V'ER. 1. s. [from dive.] two. A slender pipe is produced forward towards

1. One that sinks voluntarily under water. the throat, whereinto it is at last inserted, and

Perseverance gains the diver's prize. Popes is there divaricated, after the same manner as 2. One that goes under water in search of the spermatick vessels.

Grew. treasure. DIVARICA'TION. n. s. [divaricatio, Lat.)

It is evident, from the relation of divers and 1. Partition into two."

fishers for pearls, that there are many kinds of Dogs, running before their masters, will stop shell-fish which lie perpetually concealed in the at a divarication of the way, till they see which deep, skreened from our sight. hand their masters will take.

Ray. 3. He that enters deep into knowledge or 2. Division of opinions.

study. To take away all doubt, or any probable divarication, the curse is plainly specified.

He would have him, as I conceive it, to be no TO DIVE. v. a. [dippan, Saxon.)

superficial and floating artificer; but a diver into

causes, and into the mysteries of į. To sink voluntarily under water.

Wotton's Architecture. I am not yet informed, whether when a diver

To DIVEʻRGE. V. n. [divergo, Latin.) divetb, having his eyes open, and swimmeth upon his back, he sees things in the air greater or less.

To tend various ways from one point. Bacon's Natural History,

Homogeneal rays, which flow from several Around our pole the spiry dragon glides,

points of any object and fall perpendicularly on And, like a winding stream, the bears divides,

any reflecting surface, shall afterwards diverge The less and greater; who, by fate's decree, Abhar to dive beneath the southern sea. Diveʻrgent. adj. [from divergens, Lat.)

Dryden. Tending to various parts from one point,




from so many points.


Divers. adj. [diversus, Lat.] Several; 1. The act of turning any thing off from sundry; more than one. Out of use.

its course. We have digers examples in the church of such Cutting off the tops, and pulling off the buds, as, by fear, being compelled to sacrifice to strange work retention of the sap for a time, and gods, repented, and kept still the office of diversion of it to the sprouts that were not forpreaching the gospel

Wbitgift: ward.

Bacon's Natural History, The teeth breed when the child is a year and I have ranked this diversion of christian praca a half old : then they cast them, and new ones tice among the effects of our contentions. come about seven years; but divers have back

Decay of Piety. ward teeth come at twenty, some at thirty and 2. The cause by which any thing is turnforty. Bacon's Natural History.

ed from its proper course or tendency. Divers letters were shot into the city with ar

Fortunes, honour, friends, IOWS, wherein Solyman's councils were revealed.


Are mere diversions from love's proper object, Divers friends thought it strange, that a white

Which only is itself.

Denban's Sophy. dry body should acquire a rich colour upon the 3. Sport; something that unbends the affusion of spring-water.

Bayle on Colours,

mind by turning it off from care. Di. Di'verse. adj. [diversus, Latin.]

version seems to be something lighter 1. Different from another.

than amusement, and less forcible than Four great beasts came up from the sea, di

pleasure. verse one from another,


You for those ends whole days in council sit, 2. Different from itself; various; multi

And the diversions of your youth forget. Waller. form; diffused.

In the book of games and diversions, the rea Eloquence is a great and diverse thing, nor did der's mind may be supposed to be relaxed. she yet ever favour any man so much as to be

Addison's Spectator. wholly his.

Ben Jonson.

Such productions of wit and humour as ex3. In different directions. It is little pose vice and folly, furnish useful diversions to used but in the last sense.


Addison's Freebolder. The gourd

4. [In war.] The act or purpose of And thirsty cucumber, when they perceive

drawing the enemy off from some design, Th’approaching olive, with resentment fly Her fatty fibres, and with tendrils creep

by threatening or attacking a distant Diverse, detesting contact.


part. To seize his papers, Curl, was next thy care; Dive'RSITY. n. s. [diversité, Fr. from His papers light fly diverse, tost in air.

Pope. diversitas, Latin.) DIVERSIFICA’TION. 1. s. (from ver

1. Difference; dissimilitude; unlikeness. sify.)

Then is there in this diversity no contrariety. The act of changing forms or qualities.

Hooker. If you consider how variously several things They cannot be divided, but they will prove may be compounded, you will not wonder that opposite; and, not resting in a bare diversity, rise such fruitful principles, or manners of diversi into a contrariety.

South. fication, should generate differing colours. Boyle. The most common diversity of human consti2. Variation ; variegation.

tutions arises from the solid parts, as to their 3. Variety of forms; multiformity.

different degrees of strength and tension.

Arbushnet. 4. Change ; alteration. This, which is here called a change of will, is

2. Variety. not a change of his will, but a change in the obo

The diversity of ceremonies in this kind ject, which seems to make a diversification of the

ought not to cause dissension in churches. will, but indeed is the same will diversified.

Hooler. Hale's Origin of Mankind.

Society cannot subsist without a diversity of

stations, and if God should grant every one a To Dive'RSIFY. V. a. [diversifier, Fr.] middle station, he would defeat the very scheme 1. To make different from another; to of happiness proposed in it.

Rogers. distinguish; to discriminate.

3. Distinct being; not identity. There may be many species of spirits, as Considering any thing as existing at any determuch separated and diversified one from another mined time and place, we compare it with itself as the species of sensible things are distinguished existing at another time, and thereon form the one from another. Locke. ideas of identity and diversity.

Locke. Male souls are diversified with so many cha- 4. Variegation. racters, that the world has not variety of ma- A waving glow his bloomy beds display, terials sufficient to furnish out their different

Blusining in bright diversities of day. inclinations.

Addison's Spectator. It was easier for Homer to find proper sentia DIVERSLY. adv. [from diverse.] ments for Grecian generals, than for Milton to 1. In different ways; differently; variously. diversify his infernal council with proper cha- The lack we all have, as well of ghostly as of racters.

Addison's Spectator. earthly favours, is in each kind easily known; 2. To make different from itself; to vary ;

but the gifts of God are so diversly bestowed,

that it seldom appeareth what all receive; what to variegate,

all stand in need of seldom lieth hid. Hooker. The country being diversified between hills Both of them do diversly work, as they have and dales, woods and plains, one place more their medium diversly disposed.

Bacon. clear, another more darksome, it is a pleasant Whether the king. did permit it to save his picture.


purse, or to communicate the envy of a business There is, in the producing of some species, a displeasing' to his people, was diversły intercomposition of matter, which may be much di


Bacon, versifieds

B.icon. Leicester bewrayed a desire to plant him in the Dive'ssion. 4. 5, [from diver:.]

queen's favoux, which was diversly interpreted



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by such as thought that great artizan of courts Fr.] Diversion ; delight; pleasure. to do nothing by chance, nor much by affection. Not much in use.

Wotton. How fond socver men are of bad divertirea The universal matter, which Moses com

ment, it will prove mirth which ends in heavi. prehendeth under the names of heaven and

Government of the Tongue. earth, is by divers diversly understood. Raleigh. Dive'RTIVE. adj. [from divert.] Recre

Willian's arm
Could nought avail, however fam'd in war;

ative; amusive ; exhilarating. A word Nor armies leagu'd, that diversly assay'd

not fully authorized. To curb his pow'r.


I would not exclude the common accidents of "2. In ditferent directions; to different life, nor even things of a pleasant and divertice points.

nature, so they are innocent, from conversation. On life's vast ocean diversly we sail;

Roger: Reason the card, but passion is the gale.. Pope.

TO DIVE'ST. v. a. [devestir, French. TO DIVE'RT. v.a. [diverto, Latin,]

The English word is therefore more 1. To turn off from any direction or properly written devest. See DEVEST..]

To strip; to make naked; to denude. I rather will subject me to the malice

Then of his arms Androgeus he divests; Of a diverted blood and bloody brother. Shaksp.

His sword, his shield, he takes, and plumed Knots, by the conflux of the meeting sap,

Denban, Infect the sound pine, and divert his grain,

Let us divest the gay phantom of temporal Tortive and errant, from his course of growth.

happiness of all that false lustre and ornament Shakspeare.

in which the pride, the passions, and the folly of He finds no reason to have his rent abated, be

men have dressed it up.

Rogerie cause a greater part of it is diverted from his Dive'sTURE. n. s. [from divest.] I he landlord.

Locke. act of putting off. They diverted raillery from improper objects, The divesture of mortality dispenses them and gave a new turn to'ridicule. Addison. from those laborious and avocating duties which

Nothing more is requisite for producing all are here requisite to be performed. Boyle. the variety of colours, and degrees of refrangia Divi'DABLE. adj. [from divide.] Sepability, than that the rays of light be bodies of

rate ; different ; parted. Not used. different sizes; the least of which may make

How could communities maintain violet, the weakest and darkest of the colours,

Peaceful commerce from dividable shores? and be more easily diverted by refracting surfaces

Sbalss. from the right course; and the rest, as they are

Divi'dant. adj. [from divide.] Differ. bigger and bigger, make the stronger and more lucid colours, blue, green, yellow, and red,

ent; separate. Not in use.

Twinn'd brothers of one womb, and be more and more difficulty diverted.

Newton. Whose procreation, residence, and birth 1. To draw forces to a different part.

Scarce is dividant, touch with several fortunes.

Sbaksp. The kings of England would have had an ab

TO DIVI'DE. v. a. [divido, Latin.) solute conquest of Ireland, if their whole power had been employed; but still there arose sundry 1. To part one whole into different occasions, which divided and diverted their power pieces. some other way.

Davies on Ireland,

Divide the living child in two, and give half 3. To withdraw the mind.

to the

one, and half to the other. i Kings. Alas, how simple, to these cates compar'd, Let old Timotheus yield the prize, Was that crude apple that diverted Eve! Milton.

Or both divide the crown; They avoid pleasure, lest they should have He rais'd a mortal to the skies, their affections tainted by any sensuality, and She drew an angel down. Dryden. diverted from the love of him who is to be the They were divided into little independent soonly comfort.

Addison on Italy.

cieties, speaking different languages. Locker Maro's muse, not wholly bent 2. To separate; to keep apart, by standOn what is gainful, sometimes she diverts

ing as a partition between. From solid counsel.


Let there be a firmament in the midst of the 4. To please; to exhilarate. See Diver- waters, and let it divide the waters from the SION.

Genesis. An ingenious gentleman did divert or instruct

You must go the kingdorn by his papers.

Swift. Where seas, and winds, and desarts will digide 5. To subvert; to destroy ; in Shakspeare,

Dryden, unless it belong to the first sense.

3. To disunite by discord. Frighes, changes, horrours,

There shall five in one house be divided. Divert and crack, read and deracinate

Luke, The unity and married calin of states. Sbaksp. 4. To deal out; to give in shares. Dive'rter. 1. s. (from the verb.] Any

Then in the midst a tearing groan did break thing that diverts or alleviates.

The name of Antony: it was divided
Between her heart and lips.

Sbaksp. Angling was, after retrous study, a rest to his mind, a cheerer of a spişits, and a diverter of

Divide the prey into two parts; between the in

that took the war upon them, who went out to sadness.


battle; and between all the congregation. TO DIVERTI’SE. V. a. (divertiser, Fr.

Numbers, diverts, Latin.) To please ; to exhi. Cham and Japhet were heads and princes over larate; to divert. Little used.

their families, and had a right to divide the earth Let orators instruct, let them divertise, and by families.

Lots let them move us; this is what is properly meant

To Divi'de. V. 17. by the word salt.


1. To part; to sunder, DIVERTISEMENT. 1. S. [divertissemin!, 2. To break friendship



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Love cools, friendship falls off,

The divinest and the richest mind, Brothers divide. Sbakspeare's King Lear. Both by art's purchase and by nature's dower, DIVIDEND. 1. s. (from divide.]

That ever was from heav'n to earth confinid

Davies, 1. A share; the part allotted in division.

Each person shall adapt to himself his pecue 4. Presageful; divining; prescient. liar share, like other dividends. Decay of Piety.

Yet oft his heart, divine of something ill, If on such petty merits you confer

Misgave him; he the fault'ring measure felt.

Milton. So vast a prize, let each hís portion share: Make a just dividends and, if not all,

IVINE. 1. s. The greater part to Diomede will fall

. Dryden. 1. A minister of the gospel ; a priest; a 2. (In arithmetick.). The number given clergyman.

to be parted or divided. Cocker. Claudio must die to-morrow: let him be fur. Divider. K. s. (from divide.]

nished with divines, and have all charitable pre1. That which parts any thing into



Give Martius leaye to proceed in his dispieces.

course; for he spoke like a divine in armour. According as the body moved, the divider did

Bacon's Holy War. more and more enter into the divided body ; so

A divine has nothing to say to the wisest conit joined itself to some new parts of the medium

gregation, which he may not express in a manor divided body, and did in like manner forsake

ner to be understood by the meannest among others. Digby. them.

Swift. 2. A distributor; he who deals out to

2. A man skilled in divinity; a thedioeach his share.

gian. Who made me a judge or divider over you. Th'eternal cause in their immortal lines.'


Was taught, and poets were the first divinesa 3. A disuniter; the person or cause that

Denban, breaks concord.

To Divi'ne. v. a. [divino, Latin.) To Money, the great divider of the world, hath,

foretel; to foreknow; to presage. by a strange revolution, been the great uniter of a divided people.


Why dost thou say king Richard is depos'al?

Dar'st thou, thou little better thing than earta, 4. A particular.kind of compasses

Divine his downfal?

Shaksp. DIVIDUAL. adj. [dividuus, Latin.] Din To Divine. v. n. vided; shared or participated in com

1. To utter prognostication, mon with others.

Then is Cæsar and he knit together.-IfI She shines,

were to divine of this unity, I would not proRevolv'd on heav'n's great axle, and her reign phesy so With thousand lesser lights dividual holds,

The prophets thereof divine for money. Mit. With thousand thousand stars! Milton. DIVINA’TION. n. s. [divinatio, Latin.}

2. To feel presages.

If secret powers 1. Divination is a prediction or foretelling

Suggest but truth to my divining thoughts, of future things, which are of a secret This pretty lad will prove our country's bliss. and hidden nature, and cannot be

Sbakspe known by any human means. Ayliffe. 3. To conjecture ; to guess.

Certain tokens they noted in birds, or in the The best of commentators can but guess at his entrails of beasts, or by other the like frivolous meaning; none can be certain he has divined divinations. Hooker. rightly.

Dryden. Surely there is no enchantment against Jacob, He took it with a bow, and soon divin'd neither is there any divination against Israel. The seeming toy was not for nought design'd. Numbers.

Drydene His countenance did imprint an awe,

In change of torment would be ease : And naturally all souls to his did bow;

Could you divine what lovers bear, As wands of divination downward draw,

Even you, Prometheus, would confess And point to beds where sov'reign gold doch There is no vulture like despair. Granville. grow.

Dryden. Divi'NELY. adv. (from divine.] The excellency of the soul is seen by its power of divining in dreams: that several such 1. By the agency or influence of God. divinations have been made, none can question

Faith, as we use the word, called commonly who believes the holy writings. Addison.

divine faith, has to do with no propositions but 2. Conjectural presage or prediction.

those which are supposed to be divinely inspired.

Locke. Tell thou thy earl his divination lies, And I will take it as a sweet disgrace. Sbaksp.

This topick was very fitly and divinely made

use of by our apostle, in his conference with DIVI'NE. adj. (divinus, Latin.)

philosophers, and the inquisitive people of 1. Partaking of the nature of God.


Bentley, Her line

2. Excellently; in the supreme degree. Was hero-make, half human, half divine.

The Grecians most divinely have given to the

Dryden. active perfection of men, a name expressing both 2. Proceeding from God; not natural;

beauty and goodness.

Hooker. not human.

She fair, divinely fair ! fit love for gods. The benefit of nature's light is not thought

Milton. excluded as unnecessary, because the necessity Exalted Socrates! divinely brave! of a divine light is magnified.

Hooker. Injur'd he fell, and dying he forgave;
Instructed, you'd
Too noble for revenge.

Creech, Divire contrivance, and a God adore. Blackm.

3. In a manner noting a deity. 3. Excellent in a supreme degree. In

His golden horns appear’d, this sense it may admit of comparison, That on the forehead shone divinely bright,


And o'er the banks diffus'd a yellow light.

Among hard words I number those which are

Andijon. peculiar to divinily, as it is a science. Swift. Divi'NENESS. n. s. [from divine.] 6. Something supernatural. 3. Divinity ; participation of the divine They say there is divinity in odd numbers, nature.

either in nativity, chance, or death. Svaisp. Is it then impossible to distinguish the divine

DIVI'SIBLE. adj. (divisibilis, Latin.) ness of this book from that which is humane? Capable of being divided into parts ;

Grow. discerptible ; separable. xce ce in the supreme degree.

When we frame in cur minds any notion of By Jupiter, an angel! or, if not,

matter, we conceive nothing else but extension An earthly paragon : behold divineness

and bulk, which is impenetrable, or divisible and No elder than a boy. Shalsp. passive.

Beatley. Divi'ner. K. s. [from To divine.]

Divisiei'lity. n. s. [divisibilité, Fr.] 1. One that professes divination, or the

The quality of admitting division or art of revealing oceult things by super- separation of parts. natural means.

The most palpable absurdities will press the

Glaroille. This drudge of the devil, this diviner, laid

asserters of infinite divisivility. claim to me, called me Dromio, and swore I was

This will easily appear to any one, who will assured to her; told me what privy marks I had

let his thoughts loose in the vast expansion of

Locke about me.

space, or divisibility of matter.

Shaksp. Expelled his oracles, and common temples of Divi'sıBLENESS. n, s. [from divisible.) delusion, the devil runs into corners, exercising

Divisibility. meaner trumperies, and acting his deceits in Naturalists disagree about the origin of mowitches, magicians, diviners, and such inferior tion, and the indefinite divisibleness of matter. seducers. Brown's Vulgar Errours.

Boyk. 2. Conjecturer; guesser.

Division, 1. s. [divisio, Latin.]
If he himself be
conscious of nothing he then

1. The act of dividing any thing into thought on, he must be a notable diviner of parts. thoughts, that can assure him that he was 2. The state of being divided. thinking.

Locke. Thou madest the spirit of the firmament, and Divi'NERESS. n. s. [from diviner.] A commanded it to part asunder, and to make a

division betwixt the waters.

2 Esdras. prophetess ; a woman professing divi. nation.

3. That by which any thing is kept The mad divineress had plainly writ, .

apart; partition. A time should come, but many ages yet, 4. The part which is separated from the In which sinister destinies ordain

rest by dividing. A dame should drown with all her feather'd

If we look into communities and divisions of train.

Dryden. men, we observe that the discreet man, not the DIvI'NITY. n. s. [divinité, Fr. divinitas, witry, guides the conversation. Addisva. Latin.)

5. Disunion ; discord; difference. 1. Participation of the nature and excel- There was a division among the people, belence of God; deity ; godhead.

cause of him.

Folia. As with new wine intoxicated both,

As to our divisions with the Romanists, were They swim in mirth, and fancy that they feel our differences the product of heat, they would, Divinity within them breeding wings,

like small clefts in the ground, want but a cool Wherewith to scorn the earth. Milton. season to cement them. Decay of Piety.

When he attributes divinity to other things 6. One of the parts into which a discourse than God, it is only a divinity by way of parti- is distributed. cipation,

Stilling fleet.

In the divisions I have made, I have endea2. God; the Deity; the Supreme being; voured, the best I could, to govern myself by the Cause of causes.

the diversity of matter.

Locke. "Tis the Divinity that stirs within us,

Express the heads of your divisions in as few "Tis Heav'n itself that points out an hereafter, and clear words as you can, otherwise I never And intimates eternity to man. Addiso. can be able to retain them.

Swift. 3. False god.

7. Space between the notes of musick, ar Vain idols, deities that ne'er before

parts of a musical composure ; just In Israel's lands had fix'd their dire abodes,

time. Beastly divinities, and droves of gods. Prior.

Thy tongue 4. Celestial being.

Makes Welsh as sweet as ditties highly penn'd, Ged doubtless can govern this machine he Sung by a fair queen in a summer's bower, could create, by more direct and easy methods With ravishing division, to her lute.

Sbaksp. than employing these subservient divinities.

Our tongue will run divisions in a tune, not

Cheyne. missing a note, even when our thoughts are s. The science of divine things; thco

totally engaged elsewhere.

Glanville, logy.

8. Distinction. Hear him but reason in divinity,

I will put a division between my people and And, all admiring, with an inward wish

thy people.

You would desire the king were made a prelate. 9. [In arithmetick.] The separation or

Trust not my age,

parting of any number or quantity My reverence, calling, nor divinity,

given, into any parts assigned. Cocker. If this sweet lady lie not guiltless here

10. Subdivision; distinction of the geneUnder some biting errour,


ral into species,


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