Divo'RCEMENT. 1. s. [froin divorce.) In the division of each several crime,

Divorce ; separation of marriage. Acting it many ways. Sbakspeare's Macbeth.

Write her a bill of divorcement, and give it in Divisor. n. s. [divisor, Latin.] The her hand, and send her out of his house. Deaf.

number given, by which the dividend Divorcer. n. s. [from divorce.] The is divided; the number which shows

person or cause which produces divorce ! how many parts the dividend is to be

or separation. divided into.

Death is the violent estranger of acquaintance, DIVOʻRCE. 1. s. [divorce, Fr. from di- the eternal divorcer of marriage.

Drummond. vortium, Latin.]

DIURE'TICK. adj. [dispátiza..] Having 1. The legal separation of husband and the power to provoke urine. wife.

Diureticks are decoctions, emulsions, and oils Diwurze is a lawful separation of husband and

of emollient vegetables, that relax the urinary wife, made before a competent judge, on due

passages; such as relax ought to be tried before cognizance had of the cause, and sufhcient proof

such as force and stimulate. Those emollients mide thereof.

Ayliffe's Parergon.

ought to be taken in open air, to hinder them To restore the king,

from perspiring, and on empty stomachs. He counsels a divorce, a loss of her,

Arb-tbno. Tbat like a jewel has hung twenty years

Graceful as John, she moderates the reins, About his neck, yet never lost her lustre.

And whistles sweet her diuretick strains. Young. Sbakspeare's Henry vill.

DIU'RNAL. adj. [diurnus, Latin.] He had in his eye the livorce which had passed 1. Relating to the day. betwixt the emperor and Scribonia. Dryden. We observe in a day, which is a short year, 2. Separation ; disunion.

the greatest heat about two in the afternoon, Such motions may occasion a farther aliena

when the sun is past the meridian, which is the tion of mind, and divorce of affections, in her,

diurnal solstice, and the same is evident from the from my religion.

King Charles.

thermometer. Brown's Vulgar Errours. These things, to be a bastard, and to be born

Think, ere this diurnal star out of la vful wedlock, are convertible the one Leave cold the night, how we his gather'd beams vith the other; and 'tis hard to make divorce Reflected, may with matter sere foment.

Milton. between those things that are so near in nature to each other, as being convertible terms. 2. Constituting the day.

Aylife. Why does he order thé diurnal hours s. The sentence by which a marriage is

To leave earth's other part, and rise in curs?

Prior. dissolved.

3. Performed in a day; daily; quoti4. The cause of any penal separation.

dian. Go with me, like good angels, to my end; And, as the long divorce of steel falls on me,

The prime orb,

Incredible how swift, had thither rowl'd Make of your prayers one sweet sacrifice,


Milton. And lift my soul to heav'n.


The diurnal and annual revolution of the sun To Divo'rCE. v.a. [from the noun.] have been,

from the beginning of nature, con1. To separate a husband or wife from stant, regular, and universally observable by all


Locke, the other. 1. To force asunder ; to separate by vio.

DIU'RNAL. n. s. (diurnal, Fr.) `A jourlence.

nal; a day-book. DiU'RNALLY. adv. [from

diurnal.] Were it consonant unto reason to divorce these two sentences, the former of which doth

Daily ; every day. shew how the latter is restrained, and, not

As we make the enquiries, we shall diurnally marking the former, to conclude by the latter communicate them to the publick. Tailer.' of them?

Hooker. Diutu'RNITY. n. s. [diuturnitas, Lat.] The continent and the island were continued Length of duration. together, within mnen's remembrance, by a. Such a coming, as it might be said that that drawbridge; but are now divorced by the down

generation should not pass till it was fulfilled, fillen cliffs. Carew's Survey of Cornwall, they needed not suppose of such diuturnity. So seem'd her youthful soul not eas'ly forc'd,

Brozen's Vulgar Errors. Or from so far, so sweet a seat divori'd.

TO DIVU'LGE. v. a. [divulgo, Latin.]

Waller. *3. To separate from another.

1. To publish; to make publick; to reIf thou wert not glad,

veal to the world.

Men are better contented to have their comI would divorce me from thy mother's tomb, Sepulch'ring on adultress.


mendations suppressed, toan the contrary much divulged.

Hooker. If so be it were possible, that all other ornaments of mind might be had in their full per

I will pluck the veil of modesty from the so fection, nevertheless the mind that should pos.

seeming mistress Page, and divulge Page himself for a secure and wiltul Acteon.

Shaksø. sess them, divorced from piety, could be but a spectacle of commiseration.


These answers, in the silent night receivido

The king himself divulg'd, the land believ'd. 4. To take away; to put away.

Dryden. I dare not make myself so guilty,

You are deprived of the right over your own To give up willingly that noble tiile

sentiments, of the privilege of every human creaYour masier wed me to: nothing but death ture, to divulge or conceal them. Pope. Shall e'er divorce my dignities. Slaks

The cabinets of the sick, and the closets of the Aërial pasture the lungs with gentle force dead, have been ransacked to publish private letConstant embrace by turns, by turns divorce. ters, and divulve to all mankind the most secret Blackmte. sentiments of friendship.

Pope. ''Tis true,

2. To proclaim; to declare by a publick 3. To exceute; to discharge. act.

May one, that is a herald and a prince, This is true glory and renown, when God Do a fair message to his kingly ears! Sbaksp. Looking on th' earth, with approbation marks

Pindarus is come The just man, and divulges him through heav'n To do you salutation from his master. Sbaksp. To all his angels, who with true applause

The jury prayed of the senate a guard, that Recount his praises.

Milton. they might do their consciences. Bacon. Divu'LGER. n. s. [from divulge.) A 4. To cause. This structure is obsolete.

publisher; one that exposes to publick A fatal plague which many did to dye. view.

Spenser, I think not any thing in my letters could tend Nought can quench mine inly flaming side, so much to my reproach, as the odious divulg

Nor sea of liquor cold, nor lake of mire, ing of them did to the infamy of the divulgers.

Nothing but death can do me to respire.
King Charles.

Fairy Queer. DivU'LSION. n. s. (divulsio, Lat.] The 5.

To transact. act of plucking away.

The thing was not done in a corner. Ads. Aristotle, in his Ethicks, takes up the conceit 6. To produce any effect to another. of the beaver, and the divulsion of his testicles. If he did not care whether he had their love

Brown's Vulgar Errours. or no, he waved indifferently 'twixt doing thema To Di’ZEN. v.a. [This word seems cor- neither good nor harm.

Sbaésp. rupted from dighi.) To dress; to deck;

Thou hast, Sebastian, done good feature shanie. to rig out. A low word.


If there be any good thing to be done,
Your ladyship lifts up the sash to be seen!
For sure I had dizen'd you out like a queen.

That may to thee du ease, and grace to me,
Speak to me.


I did Di'ZZARD.

so; nor was it in vain: 9. n. s. [from dizzy.) A block

She did me right, and satisfied my vengeance. head; a fool. Dict.

Rowe. Di’zziness. n. s. [from dizzy.] Giddi- You do her too much honour: she hath neiness; whirl in the head.

ther sense nor taste, if she dares to refuse you. Fixed seriousness heats the brain in some to

Swift. distraction, and causeth an aching and dizziness 7. To have recourse to; to practise as the in sounder heads.


last effort : commonly in the form of a DIZZY. adj. [disi, dirig, Saxon.! passionate interrogation. 1. Giddy; vertiginous ; having in the What will ye do in the end thereof? Jerem. head the sensation of tarning round. 8. To perform for the benefit or hurt of All on a sudden miserable pain

another. Surpris'd thee, dim chine eyes, and dizzy swam I know what God will do for me.

Samuel. In darkness.


Acts of mercy done to the poor, shall be ac2. Causing giddiness.

cepted and rewarded as done to our Saviour himHow fearful self.

Atterbury, And dizzy'tis to cast one's eye so low! Shaksp. 9. To exert; to put forth. 3. Giddy; thoughtless.

Do thy diligence

to come shortly unto me. What followers, what retinue canst thou

2 Timotby. gain? Qr at thy heels the dizzy multitude,

10. To manage by way of intercourse or Longer than thou canst feed them on thy cost?

dealing; to have business; to deal. Milton.

I have bean deterred by an indisposition from To Di’zzy. v. a. [from the adjective.]

having much to do with steams of so dangerous a

Boyle. To whirl round; to inake giddy.

What had I to do with kings and courts? Not the dreadful spout,

My humble lot had cast me far beneath them. Which shipmen do the hurricano call,

Rowe. Shall dizzy with more clamour Neptune's ear 11. To gain; to effect by influence. In his descent, than shall my prompted sword Falling on Diomede.

It is much that a jest with a sad brow will do

Sbaksp. with a fellow that never had the ache in bis To divide him inventorially, would dizzy the shoulders. arithmetick of memory.

Sbaksa: Shaksp. His

queen, notwithstanding she had presented TO DO. V. a. Thou dost, he doth or does ;

him with divers children, and with a crown also, preter, did ; part. pass. done. [don, Sax.

though he would not acknowledge it, could do doen, Dutch.)

nothing with him.

Bacos. 2. To practise or act any thing good or

12. To make any thing what it is nof.

Off with the crown, and with the crown his bad.

Thou hast done evil above all that were before And whilst we breathe, take him to do him thee.

1 Kings.

Sbaksp. Flee evil, and do good.


13. To finish ; to end. 2. To perform; to achieve. They help, who hurt so small;

Which he intends for Lear and for Cordelia, And he hath nothing done, that dotb not all. The battle done, and they within our power;


Shall never see his pardon. Learn to live well, that thou mayst die so too!


Go to the reading of some part of the New To live and die is all we have to do. Denham. Testament, not carelessly, or in haste, as if you What is the reason a man's arm won't smile

had a mind to have done; but attentively, as to and frown, and do all the intellectual

postures of

be able to give some account of what you have the countenance ? Collier. read




As for this mercy,

or ill.


Gigantick hinds, as soon as work was done, If any thing in the world deserve our serious To their huge poes of boiling pulse would run. study and consideration, those principles of reli

gion do.

Tilleison. 14. To conclude; to settle.

Take all things which relax the veins; for They did their work and din'd. Prior. what does so, prevents too vigorous a motion When all is done, there is no man can serve his through the arteries.

Arbuthnot. own interest beater than by serving God. Tillots. 8. Do is a word of vehement command, 15. To put.

or earnest request : as, help one, do ; Why, Warwick, who should do the duke to make beste, do. death?

Sbaksp. If thou hast lost thy land, do not also loose thy The lord Aubrey Vere

constancy; and if thou must die a little cooner. Was done to death. Sheksp. yet do not die impatiently.

Taylor. 16. The phrase, what to do with, signi. Loose me. I will free thee. fies how to bestow; what use to make -Do, and I'll be thy slave.

Dryden. of; what course to take; how to em- 9. To Do is put before verbs sometimes ploy; which way to get rid of.

expletively: as, I do love, or I love; I Men are many times brought to that extre- did love, or I loved. mity, that if it were not for God, they would not The Turks do acknowledge God the Father, know ubat to do do with themselves, or how to creator of heaven and earth, being the first Pere enjoy themselves for one hour. Tillotson. son in the Trinity, though they deny the rest. To Do. V. n.

Bacon's Holy War. !. To act or behave in any manner well

This just reproach their virtue does excite.

Dryden. Unto this day they do after the former man

Expletives their fieble aid do juin. ners: they fear not the Lord, neither do they

10. Sometimes emphatically: is, I do korte after the law and commandment which the Lord tim, but will not wrong him. commanded the children of Jacob. 2 Kings.

Perdition catch my soul As every prince should govern as he would But I do love thee; and when I love thee not, desire to be governed, so every subject ought to

Chaos is come again.

Sbakspo obey as he would desire to be obeyed, according 11. Sometimes by way of opposition: as, to the maxim of deing as we would be done by. I did love him, but scorn bim now,

Temple. To Doat. 0.1.

See To Dote. 2. To make an end; to conclude : only DOʻCIBLE, adj. [docilis, Lat.] Tractain the compound preterit.

ble; docile ; easy to be taught, You may ramble a whole day, and every mo- The asinine feast of sow-thistles and brambles ment discover something new; but when you have dons, you will have but a confused notion

is commonly set before them, as all the food and

entertainment of their tenderest and most docible of the place.


Milton. 3. To cease to be concerned with ; to

DO'CIBLENESS. *. s. [from docihle.) cease to care about; to desist from no.

Teachableness ; docility; readiness to rice or practice : only in the compound learn. preterit.

I might enlarge in commendation of the noble No men would make use of disunited parties hound, as also of the docibleness of dogs in geto destroy one body, unless they were sure to neral.

Walter's Angler. master them when they had done with them.

Stilling fleet.

DO'CILE. adj. [clocilis, Latin.) I have done with Chaucer, when I have an

1. Teachable; easily instructed; tractaswered some objections.


ble. We have not yet done with assenting to propo- Dogs soon grow accustomed to whatever they sitions at tirst hearing, and understanding their are taught, and, being docile and tractable, are terms.

very useful,

Ellis' Voyage. Having done with such amusements, we give 2. With to before the thing taught. up what we cannot disown.

Pope. Soon docile to the secret acts of ill, 4. To fare; to be with regard to sickness With smiles I could betray, with temper kill. or health,

Prior. Good woman, how dost thou?

Doci'lity. n. s. [docilité, Fr. from do- The better that it pleases your good wor- cilitas, Latin.] Aptness to be taught; ship to ask.

Sbaksp. s. To succeed; to fulfil a purpose.

readiness to learn.

All the perfection they allowed his' underCome, 'tis no matter; we shall do without him.


standing was aptness and docility, and all that You would do well to prefer a bill against all

they attributed to his will was a possibility to be virtuous.

Soutb. kings and parliaments since the conquest; and, What is more admirable than the fitness of is that won't do, challenge the crown. Collier. 6. To deal with.

every creature for use ? the docility of an eles

phant, and the insitiency of a cames for travellNo man, who hath to do with the king, will

ing in desarts?

Grow. think himselt safe, unless you be his good angel, Dock, n. s. (docca, Saxon.] A plant; a and gaide him.

Bacon. 7. To Do is used for any verb, to save the

weed. repetition of the word : as, I shall come,

The species are seventeen, ten of which grow

wild, several of them being used in medecine; but if I do not go away; that is, if í and che sort called the oriental burdock, is said come not,

to be the true rhubarb.

Miller, Thus painters Cupids paint, thus poets de

Nothing teems A naked god, blind, young, with azpws two. But hateful docks, rough thistles, kec'ksies, burs,

Sidney. Losing both beauty and utility: Sbakspo

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My love for gentle Dermot faster grows pleasure the vehicle of health is a doctor at it in Than you tall dock that rises to thy nose:

good earnest.

Collier. Cut down the dock, 'cwill sprout again; but In truth, nine parts in ten of those who recoknow,

vered, owed their lives to the strength of nature Love rooted out, again will never grow, Swift. and a good constitution, while such a one hapDOCK. n. s.

pened to be the doctor.

Swift. 3. The stump of the tail, which remains 4. Any able or learned man. after docking.

The simplest person, that can but apprehend 2. The solid part of the tail.

and speak sense, is as much judge of it as the

greatest doctor in the school.Digby of Bedies. The tail of a great rhinoceros is not well de

To Doʻctor. v. a. [from the noun.] scribed by Bontius. The dock is about half an inch thick, and two inches broad, like an apo

To physick; to cure; to treat with thecary's spatula.

Grew's Museum.

medicines. A low word. Dock, n.s. [as some imagine, of dextrov.] Do'CTORAL. adj. [doctoralis, Lat.] Re

A place where water is let in or out at lating to the degree of a doctor. pleasure, where ships are built or laid Do'cTORALLY. adv. [from doctoral.] up:

In manner of a doctor. The boatswain and mariner may bring reli- The plıysicians resorted to him to touch his gion to what dock they please.

Houel. pulse, and consider of his disease doctorally at There are docks for their gallies and men of

their departure.

Hakekill. war, as well as work-houses for all land and ra- Do ́CTORSHIP. n. s. [from doctor.] The val preparations.

Addison. rank of a doctor. To Dock. v. a. [from dock, a tail.]

From a scholar he became a fellow, and then 1. To cut off a tail.

the president of the college, after he had received 2. To cut any thing short.

all the graces and degrees, the proctorship and
the doctorship.

One or two stood constant centry, who docked
all favours handed down ; and spread a huge in- DOCTRI'NAL. adj. [doctrina, Latin.)
visible net between the prince and subject,

1. Containing doctrine, or something forthrough which nothing of value could pass. mally taught.

Swift. The verse naturally affords us the doctrinal 3. To cut off a reckoning; to cut off an

proposition, which shall be our subject. South. entail.

2. Pertaining to the act or means of teach4. To lay the ship in a dock.

ing. Do'cket. n. s. A direction tied upon

To this end the word of God no otherwise

serveth, than only in the nature of a doctrinal goods; a summary of a larger writing. instrument.


What special property or quality is that,
DOʻCTOR. n.'s. - [dactor, Latin.]

which, being no where found but in sermons, 1. One that has taken the highest degree

maketh them effectual to save souls, and leaveth in the faculties of divinity, law, or phy

all other doctrinal means besides destitute of sick. In some universities they have DOCTRINAL. n. s. Something that is

vital efficacy? doctors of musick. In its original import, it means a man so well versed in

part of doctrine. his faculty, as to be qualified to teach

Not such as assent to every word in scripture,

can be said in doctrinals to deny Christ. Souto, it.

Doctri'NALLY. adv. (from doctrine ]
No woman had it, but a civil doctor,
Who did refuse three thousand ducats of me,

In the form of doctrine; positively, as,
And begg'd the ring.


necessary to be held. Then stood there up one in the council, a

Scripture accommodates itself to common Pharisee, named Gamaliel, a doctor of laws.

opinions, and employs the usual forms of speech,

without delivering any thing doctrinally concern.
ing these points.

2. A man skilled in any profession.
Then subtle doctors scriptures made their pride,

Doʻctrine. n. s. [doctrina, Latin.] Casuists, like cocks, struck out each other's eyes.

1. The principles or positions of any sect

Denbam. or master ; that which is taught. Each proselyte would vote his doctor best,

To make new articles of faith and doctrine, With absolute exclusion to the rest. Drgden.

no man thinketh it lawful: new laws of governe 3. A physician; one who undertakes the ment, what church or commonwealth is there cure of diseases.

which maketh not, either at one time or other By med'cine life may be prolong'd, yet death Will seize the doctor too.


Ye are the sons of clergy, who bring all their How does your patient, doctor ?

doctrines fairly to the light, and invite men with Not so sick, my lord,

freedom to examine them.

As she is troubled with thick coming fancies.

That great principle in natural philosophy is

the doctrine of gravitation, or mutual tendency Children will not take those medicines from

of all bodies toward each other.

Watts. the doctor's hand, which they will from a nurse

2. The act of teaching. or mother.

Gov. of Tongue.

He said unto them in his doctrine.
To 'pothecaries let the learn'd prescribe, DO'CUMENT. n. s. [documentum, Latin.)
That men may die without a double bribe; Precept; instruction; direction.
Let them, but under their superiors, kill,
When doctors first have sign’d the bloody bill.

It is a most necessary instruction and document

for them, that as her majesty made them dispen

Dryden. sators of her favour, so it behoveth them to shew He that can cure by recreation, and make themselves equal distributors.




Bacon .


Learners should not be too much crowded • which no more than one can get in at a time. with a heap or multitude of documents or ideas at

Swift, one time.

Watts. Do'DKIN. n. s. [duytken, Dutch.] A doit2. Precept, in an ill sense; .a precept in- kin, or little doit; a contemptuous

solently authoritative, magisterially dog. name for a low coin.
matical, solemnly trifling

I would not buy them for a dedkin,
Gentle insinuations pierce, as oil is the most

Lily's Grammar construed.
penetrating of all liquors; but in magisterial do DO'DMAN. 7. s. The name of a fish.
caments men think themselves attacked, and stand Fish that çast their shell are the lobster, the
upon their guard. Government of the Tongue. crab, the craw-fish, the hodmandod or dodman,
It is not unnecessary to digest the documents and the tortoise.

of cracking authors into several classes. Harvey. Doe. n. s. [da, Saxon; daa, Danish;
DOʻDDEŘ. 1. s. (touteren, to shoot up, dama, Latin.) A she deer; the female
Dutch. Skinner.)

of a buck.
Dedder is a singular plant: when it first
shoots from the seed it has little roots, which

Then but forbear your food a little while,

While, like a doe, I go to find my fawn, pierce the earth near the roots of other plants;

And give it food. Sbakspeare's As you like it. but the capillaments of which it is formed soon Bucks have horns, does none. Bacon's N. Hist. after clinging about these plants, the roots wi

The fearful doe ther away. From this time it propagates itself And Aying stag amidst they greyhounds go. along the stalks of the plant, entangling itself


Virgil. about them. It has no leaves, but consists of Doe. n. s. [from To do.) A feat; what capillaments or stalks, brownish with a cast of red, which run to great lengths. They have

one has to do; what one can perform. tubercles, which fix them fast down to the plant,

No sooner he does peep into and by means of which they absorb the juices

The world, but he has done his doe. Hudibras. destined for its nourishment.

Hill, DoʻER. n. s. [from To do.) DO'DDERED. adj. (from dodder.) Over- 1. One that does any thing good or bad. grown with dodder; covered with su

So foul a thing, O! 'thou injustice art, percrescent plants.

That tort'rest both the doer and distrest. Daniel. Near the earth a laurel grew,

It'may be indeed a publick crime, or a na, Dodder'd with age, whose boughs encompass

tional mischief; yet it is but a private act, and

the doer of it may chance to pay his head for The household gods, and shade the holy ground.

his presumption.

The peasants were enjoind
Dryden's Æneid.

2. Actor; agent.

Sith thus far we open the things that have Sere-wood, and firs, and dodder'd oaks to find.

been done, let not the principal doers themselves Dryden's Fables. be forgotten.

Hooker, DODECACON. 9. s. [dwdira and ywvíz.) 3. Performer,

One judgeth the prize to the best doer, of which DODECATE MOʻR101.8.5. (radoxalmjuópsov.]

they are no less glad than great princes are of triumphs.

Sidney. "Tis dodecatanerion thus describ'd:

4. An active, or busy, or valiant person. Thrice ten degrees, which every sign contains,

Fear not my lord, we will not stand to prate; Let twelve exhaust, that not one part remains;

Talkers are no good doers : be assur'd, It follows streight, that every twelfth confines

We go to use our hands, and not our tongues. Two whole and one half portion of the signs.

Shakspeare. They are great speakers but small dorrs; grea

Creech. To DODGE. V. n. (probably corrupted 5. One that habitually performs or prac

ter in shew than in deed. Knolles' History. from dog; to shift, and play sly tricks, like a dog.] The word in all its senses

Be doers of the word, and not hearers only.

Common Prayer. In this we shew ourselves weak, and unapt to be doers of his will, in that we take upon us to be controllers of his wisdom.

Hooks. Does. The third person from do, for dotb.

Though lending to foreigners, upon use, doth not at all alter the balance of trade between those countries, yet it does alter the exchange between those countries.

Locke. Weary of dodging and shewing tricks with God.

To Doff. v.a. [from do off.] The word

is in all its senses obsolete, and scarcely South.

used except by rusticks; yet it is a pure
and commodious word.

To put off dress.

You have deceiv'd our trust,
And made us doff our easy robes of peace,
To crush our old limbs in ungentle steel.

Sbakspeare's Henry IV.
Doff those links.

Milton's Agonistes.

Nature, in awe to him,

Had doff"'d her gaudy trim,
With her great master so to sympathize. Miltona
That judge is hot, and dofs his gown,

Dryden's Juvenal.

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The twelfth part.

is low and vulgar.

1. To use craft; to deal with tergiversation; to play mean tricks; to use low shifts.

If in good offices and due retributions we may not be pinching and niggardly, it argues an earthly and ignoble mind, where we have apparently wronged, to higgle and dedge in the

Hale's Contemplation.
The consideration should make men grow



2. To shift place as another approaches.

For he had, any time this ten years full,
Desdig'd with him betwixt Cambridge and the

3. To play fast and loose; to raise expec-
tations and disappoint them.

You know my passion for Martha, and what a dance she has led me; she dodged with me

The chaffering with dissenters, and dodging about this or t'other ceremony, is but like opena ing a few wickets, and leaving

their a-jar, by


above thirty years.

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