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CONTENTS

THE FIFTH VOLUME.

CHAPTER XXXIX.

XENO AND ANASTASIUS, EMPERORS OF THE EAST. BIRTH, EDUCATION, AND FIRST EXPLOITS OF THEODORIC THE OSTROGOTH.—HIS INVASION AND CON-
QUEST OF ITALY.—THE GOTHIC KINGDOM OF ITALY.—STATE OF THE WEST. MILITARY AND CIVIL GOVERNMENT. THE SENATOR BOETHIUS. LAST

ACTS AND DEATH OF THEODORIC.

A.D. Page 455-475. Birth and Education of

Theodoric 2

474-491. The Reign of Zeno . . 3 491-518. The Reign of Anastasius 5
475-488. Service and Revolt of

Theodoric 5

489. He undertakes the Conquest

of Italy 7

His March 8

489, 490. The three Defeats of

Odoacer 9

493. His Capitulation and Death . 10
494-526. Reign of Theodoric, King

of Italy 11

Partition of Lands .... 11
Separation of the Goths and

Italians 12

Foreign Policy of Theodoric . 13

His Defensive Wars ... 15

A.D. Page
509. His Naval Armament ... 16
Civil Government of Italy ac-
cording to the Roman Laws 17
Prosperity of Rome.... 19 500. Visit of Theodoric .... 20 Flourishing State of Italy. . 22 Theodoric an Arian.... 23 His toleration of the Catholics 24 Vices of his Government . . 25
He is provoked to persecute the Catholics 26

Character, Studies, and Ho-
nours of Boethius ... 27

His Patriotism 29

He is accused of Treason . . 30

524. His Imprisonment and Death 31

525. Death of Symmachus ... 33

526. Remorse and Death of Theo-

doric 33

CHAPTER XL.

ELEVATION OF JUSTIN THE ELDER.—REIGN OF JUSTINIAN :—I. THE EMPRESS
THEODORA. II. FACTION'S OF THE CIRCUS, AND SEDITION OF CONSTANTI-
NOPLE. III. TRADE AND MANUFACTURE OF SILK. IV. FINANCES AND TAXES.—V. EDIFICES OF JUSTINIAN. CHURCH OF ST. SOPHIA.—FORTIFICA-
TIONS AND FRONTIERS OF THE EASTERN EMPIRE.—VI. ABOLITION OF THE
SCHOOLS OF ATHENS AND THE CONSULSHIP OF ROME.

482, or 483. Birth of the Emperor

Justinian 35

518-527. Elevation and Reign of

his Uncle Justin I. . . .36

520-527. Adoption and Succession

of Justinian 37

527-565. The Reign of Justi-
nian 39

A.D. Page Character and Histories of

Procopius 39

Division of the Reign of Jus-
tinian 41

Birth and Vices of theEmpress

Theodora 41

Her Marriage with Justinian 44

Her Tyranny 45

Her Virtues 46

548. And Death 47

The Factions of the Circus . 48

At Rome 49

They distract Constantinople

and the East 49

Justinian favours the Blues . 50
532. Sedition of Constantinople,

surnamed Nika .... 51 The distress of Justinian . . 53 Firmness of Theodora ... 54 The Sedition is suppressed . 54
Agriculture and Manufactures

of the Eastern Empire . . 55
The Use of Silk hy the

Romans 57

Importation from China by

Land and Sea 58

Introduction of Silkworms

into Greece 61

State of the Revenue ... 63
Avarice and Profusion of Jus-
tinian 64

Pernicious Savings .... 65

Remittances 65

A.D. Page

Taxes 66

Monopolies 67

Venality 67

Testaments 68

The Ministers of Justinian . 69

John of Cappadocia.... 69

His Edifices and Architects . 71
Foundation of the Church of

St. Sophia 73

Description 74

Marbles 75

Riches 76

Churches and Palaces ... 76 Fortifications of Europe . . 78
Security of Asia after the Conquest of Isauria ... 81
Fortifications of the Empire,
from the Euxine to the Persian Frontier .... 82
488. Death of Perozes, King of

Persia 85

502-505. The Persian War ... 85
Fortifications of Dara ... 86
The Caspian or Iberian Gates 87
The Schools of Athens... 89
They are suppressed by Jus-
tinian 92

Proclus 92

485-529. His Successors.... 93
The last of the Philosophers . 94
541. The Roman Consulship extin-
guished by Justinian . . 94

CHAPTER XLI.

CONQUESTS OF JUSTINIAN IN THE WEST.—CHARACTER AND FIRST CAMPAIGNS OF BELISARIUS. — HE INVADES AND SUBDUES THE VANDAL KINGDOM OF

AFRICA. HIS TRIUMPH.—THE GOTHIC WAR.—HE RECOVERS SICILY, NAPLES, AND ROME. SIEGE OF ROME BY THE GOTHS. THEIR RETREAT AND LOSSES. —SURRENDER OF RAVENNA.—GLORY OF BELISARIUS.—HIS DOMESTIC SHAME
AND MISFORTUNES.

533. Justinian resolves to invade

Africa 96

523-530. State of the Vandals.

Hilderic 97

530-534. Gelimer 97

Debates on the African War. 98
Character and Choice of Beli-

sarius 99

529-532. His Services in the Per-
sian War 100

533. Preparations for the African

War 101

Departure of the Fleet. . .103

Belisarius lands on the Coast
of Africa 105

Defeats the Vandals in a first
Battle 107

Reduction of Carthage . . . 109

Final Defeat of Gelimer and

the Vandals Ill

534. Conquest of Africa by Beli-
sarius 114

Distress and Captivity of
Gelimer 116

Return and Triumph of Beli-
sarius 118

A.D. Page 535. His sole Consulship . . . 119 End of Gelimer and the

Vandals 120

Manners and Defeat of the

Moors 121

Neutrality of the Visigoths . 123
550-620. Conquests of the Romans

in Spain 124

534. Belisarius threatens the Ostro-

goths of Italy 124

522-534. Government of Amala-

sontha, Queen of Italy . .126

535. Her Exile and Death . . .128
Belisarius invadesand subdues

Sicily 128

534-536. Reign and Weakness of

Theodatus, the Gothic King

of Italy 130

537. Belisarius invades Italy, and

reduces Naples .... 132
536-540. Vitiges, King of Italy . 134

536. Belisarius enters Rome . . 136

537. Siege of Rome by the Goths . 136
Valour of Belisarius . . . 138
His Defence of Rome . . . 138
Repulses a general Assault of

the Goths 140

His Sallies 141

Distress of the City . . .142
Exile of Pope Sylverius . .144

A.D. Page

Deliverance of the City . . 145
Belisarius recovers many Cities

of Italy 146

538. The Goths raise the Siege of

Rome 147

Lose Rimini 148

Retire to Ravenna .... 148
Jealousy of the Roman Ge-
nerals 148

Death of Constantino . . . 149
The Eunuch Narses . . .149
Firmness and Authority of
Belisarius 150

538. 539. Invasion of Italy by the

Franks 150

Destruction of Milan . . .151
Belisarius besieges Ravenna . 152

539. Subdues the Gothic Kingdom

of Italy 154

Captivity of Vitiges . . . 155

540. Return and Glory of Belisarius 155
Secret History of his Wife

Antonina 157

Her Lover Theodosius . . .158
Resentment of Belisarius and

her Son Photius .... 159
Persecution of her Son. . . 160
Disgrace and Submission of

Belisarius 161

CHAPTER XLII.

STATE OF THE BARBARIC WORLD.— ESTABLISHMENT OF THE LOMBARDS ON THE DANUBE. TRIBES AND INROADS OF THE SCLAVONIANS. — ORIGIN,

EMPIRE, AND EMBASSIES OF THE TURKS. THE FLIGHT OF THE AVARS.

CHOSR0ES I., OR NUSHIRVAN, KING OF PERSIA. — HIS PROSPEROUS REIGN
AND WARS WITH THE ROMANS. — THE COLCHIAN OR LAZIC WAR. — THE
ETHIOPIANS.

627-565. Weakness of the Empire

of Justinian 163

State of the Barbarians . . 165

The Gepidae 165

The Lombards 165

The Sclavonians 167

Their Inroads 170

545. Origin and Monarchy of the

Turks in Asia 172

The Avars fly before the
Turks, and approach the

Empire 176

658. Their Embassy to Constanti-
nople 177

569-582. Embassies of the Turks

and Romans 178

500-530. State of Persia .... 181

531-579. Reign of Nushirvan, or

Chosroes 183

His Love of Learning . . . 185 533-539. Peace and War with the

Romans 187

540. He invades Syria . . . .189
And ruins Antioch .... 190 541. Defence of the East by Beli-

sarius 191

Description of Colchis, Lazica,

or Mingrelia 193

Manners of the Natives . . 195
Revolutions of Colchis. . . 197
Under the Persians, before Christ 500 197

Under the Romans, before Christ 60 198
A.D. Page

130. Visit of Arrian 198

522. Conversion of the Lazi . .199
642-549. Eevolt and Repentance

of the Colchians .... 199
549-551. Siege of Petra .... 201
549-556. The Colchian or Lazic

War 202

A.D. Page540-561. Negotiations and Treaties
between Justinian and
Chosroes 204

522. Conquests of the Abyssi-

nians 206

533. Their Alliance with Justi-
nian 208

CHAPTER XLIII.

REBELLIONS OF AFRICA. RESTORATION OF THE GOTHIC KINGDOM BY TOTILA.—

LOSS AND RECOVERY OF ROME. — FINAL CONQUEST OF ITALY BY NARSES.—

EXTINCTION OF THE OSTROGOTHS. DEFEAT OF THE FRANKS AND ALEMANNI.

LAST VICTORY, DISGRACE, AND DEATH OF BELISARIUS. DEATH AND

CHARACTER OF JUSTINIAN. COMETS, EARTHQUAKES, AND PLAGUE.

535-545. The Troubles of Africa . 210
543-558. Rebellion of the Moors . 213
540. Revolt of the Goths . . .214
541-544. Victories of Totila, King

of Italy 215

Contrast of Greek Vice and Gothic Virtue 216

544-548. Second Command of Beli-

sarius in Italy .... 218

546. Rome besieged by the Goths. 220
Attempt of Belisarius . . . 221
Rome taken by the Goths . 222

547. Recovered by Belisarius . . 224

548. Final Recall of Belisarius. . 225 549. Rome again taken by the

Goths 227

549-551. Preparations of Justinian

for the Gothic War . . .228
552. Character and Expedition of

the Eunuch Narses . . . 230

Defeat and Death of Totila . 232
Conquest of Rome by Narses 234

553. Defeat and Death of Teias,

the last King of the Goths 235
Invasion of Italy by the Franks
and Alemanni .... 237

554. Defeat of the Franks and Ale-

manni by Narses.... 239
554-568. Settlement of Italy . . 241
559. Invasion of the Bulgarians . 242
Last Victory of Belisarius . 244
561. His Disgrace and Death . . 245
565. Death and Character of Jus-
tinian 248

531-539. Comets 249

Earthquakes 251

542. Plague—its Origin and Na-
ture 253

542-594. Extent and Duration . 25f

CHAPTER XLIV.

IDEA OF THE ROMAN JURISPRUDENCE. THE LAWS OF THE KINGS. THE

TWELVE TABLES OF THE DECEMVIRS. THE LAWS OF THE PEOPLE. THE

DECREES OF THE SENATE. THE EDICTS OF THE MAGISTRATES AND EMPERORS.

TUTES OF JUSTINIAN: 1. RIGHTS OF PERSONS. H. RIGHTS OF THINGS.

HI. PRIVATE INJURIES AND ACTIONS. IV. CRIMES AND PUNISHMENTS.

The Civil or Roman Law . . 257
Laws of the Kings of Rome . 259
The Twelve Tables of the

Decemvirs 261

Their Character and Influence 263
Laws of the People .... 264
Decrees of the Senate . . . 265
Edicts of the Prrotors . . .265

The Perpetual Edict . . .267
Constitutions of the Emperors 268
Their legislative Power . . 270
Their Rescripts . . . . . 270
Forms of the Roman Law . 271
Succession of the Civil Law-
yers 273

303-648. The first Period . . .274

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