one in the vast hall was on a sudden That evening, no fire or lamp was seized with awe, united to a certain found burning through the length and feeling of pleasure, as they observed breadth of the land, and all were a venerable figure in long robes, and watching in silence from the summits with long white hair falling on each of the hills, in the direction of Teaside of his agreeable and majestic mor, for a tongue of flame from the countenance, gliding from the entrance next bill that lay between. Laeré, to the centre where the fileas were preparing to kindle the sacred fire in seated. He needed not to announce the great bawn of Teamor, whose his name. Everyone felt that he flaming up was to set all the fires was in the presence of Fionntuin, son on all the hills in Erin ablaze, was of Eathoir.

dismayed on beholding, a small dis“Kings, chiefs, and men of learn- tance to the East, a lamp suddenly ing," said the vision, “great is my enkindled, and a man of a most atjoy to see this happy day, and behold tractive and venerable countenance so many of my kind on whose souls gazing by its light on the leaves of an divine light so soon will dawn, and open book. not only on them, but on all they This was the humble, the gentle, rule within our seas. This light will the fervent Apostle Patrick, who, come from one who is at band, and being summoned to the Royal preto whom I leave the glorious task of sence, preached the Word of Life. instructing you in the heavenly Small was his difficulty to turn the scheme, which I only know in part, hearts of his hearers (the king exand which I am unfit to reveal. cepted) from the practice of idolatry. What I am permitted, I shall speak.” The ground had been prepared by

Then he proceeded in flowing Finntan,and the seed sown by Patrick worils, while his hearers, with their at once struck root, and soon the hearts flooded with pleasure, sat en- land was white with the Christian tranced, to announce that, before harvest. man was sent on earth, spirits created An indifferent person might nafor happiness rebelled against the turally say here, “What charming Master of sea, land, sun, moon, and picturesque histories of real occurstars ; and that they were since that rences there must have been in ancient moment suffering pains not to be Ireland ! What variety! What force of conceived. He then went on to de- local colour! What delightful dramascribe the creation of man and wo- ticsituations must have been presented man, their pristine happiness, their when we find such circumstantial and fall through the wiles of the chief of interesting narratives of what no one the evil spirits, the after-wickedness imagines ever occurred. Alas! thechroof mankind, and the destruction (one nicles were of two classes, and that family excepted) of the human race. class which wrought with conscience The remainder of the oration chiefly have left only narratives as dry as related to the fortunes of the an- chips. When many more manuscripts cestors of those before him. He told are edited, and some one connecting of the preservation of letters after the delightful gossiping power of Babel ; of the wanderings of the Herodotus and the discriminating early Scots; and of their relations judgment of Niebuhr, be born, many with Moses, when he was conducting passages now considered fabulous will the people of God from their thral- be accepted as historic; and we dom. From the remainder of the shall have a history of Ireland as fasdiscourse the fileas afterwards com- cinating, and at least as authentic, as pleted the full tale of their inscribed those masterpieces left by Herodotus, staves, soon to be changed for the Livy, and Macaulay. characters introduced by Patrick and The writer of this paper begs to the rolls of vellum; and hence the repeat his acknowledgments to Mr. perfect state of the annals of the Windele for access to his valuable Scots of Ireland, compared with those MSS. of all nations that see the sun rise and set.




PART II. EARLY in 1786, General Burgoyne's original the scene lay amongst traders “ Heiress," gave Miss Farren, for the in London, and those traders of the first time at Drury-lane, an original lowest grade and most detestable part equal to her pretensions, Lady manners, it will

be conceived at once Emily Gaylove. This play was re- that in removing it to Portugal and peated thirty times, to full houses, making the characters noble, it was during that season, and was pro- hardly possible to carry out more nounced the best comedy since the than the iler.” The traders of low ** School for Scandal." It has little degree to whom she alludes are both claim to originality, as the plot is bor- knights--the one an alderman, the rowed from Diderot's Pere de la other a banker. It is rather curious mille, and Mrs. Charlotte Lennox's that Jn. Behn's play was hissed by a Sister, condeinned at Covent Garlen few fastidious auditors on the first in 1769, but the language is elegant night, for its palpable, and Mrs. and pointed. With much less merit Cowley's for its supposed indeto work with, the acting would have cency, and that both ladies denied the insured success. The cast included charge in their prefatory remarks. Miss Farren, Mrs. Crouch, Miss Pope, In the latter case, the over-sensitive Mrs. Wilson, Messrs. King, Smith, J. critics had certainly, as Addison says, and R. Palmer, Parsons, Bannister, sharp noses at an inuendo. Mrs. jun., Aickin, and Baddeley. On the Cowley was a classic, and sometimes 18th of May, 1700, Murphy's "Way ventured on a Latin motto. She to Keep Him," was selected for tho might therefore have read and underbenefit of the Theatrical Fund, on stood what ('icero says of a literary which occasion Mrs. Siddons and Miss pirate in his day, though she did not Farren appeared forthe first time toge choufe to apply it to herself:a Vario ther as Mrs. Loremore and the telesne ml sumpsisli multa, si fateris, vel, Belmour. For Kemble's benefit, in ne gre, surripresti." Either you have 1787, they also acted Laudly Restless adopted many things from Sævius, if and Belinila in “ All in the Wrong." you confoks ; or if you deny, you have The walks of these two great actresses stolen them." Dirs. ('owley, for a were so distint that opportunities lady of letters, made strange mistakes. seldom occurred of combining their In another comedy she calls death an attraction in the same play.

aristarat. Surely, if that grim perIn November, 1770, Mrs. Cowley sonage be not an out-and-out leweller, produced a comedy called "The who is School for Grey bears," in which the In 1787 and 1719 Miss Farren hervine was represented by Mins played a few nights at Leeds and Farren, and the youthful losers by York during the assize and rare John Kemble and John Palmer. It weeks, and drew crowdler houses. died after the first season, and is only On a command by the Prince of mentioned here to record the evol Wales, dnring lur second visit to the effrontery with which the authoress noith, the recripts reached £107 !0<; slurred over a palpable robbery of a numu at that tune not often received Mrs. Beha's "Lucky Chance," in inci. at any theatre in (reat Britain out of dent, character, and langunge, bating London. Tate Wilkinson speaks of her only the grow indecency which im- in the lattering terins:-"Miss Far. proved manners would no longer to- ren was hed in the lunghest esteem in lerate. A more decided literary theft York, both ne an elegant, beautiful was nerer perpetrated by an unblush- woman, and a charming actress, who ing and wholesale plagiarist. She received not only pirudits on the says in her preface: -" The sint of the staze, but applause more lasting principal seenes was presented to me from a discerning list of persons of in an obsolete comedy; I say the idea, the first rank of buth sexes, who daily for when it is known that in the paid their respects at the shrine of talent, combined with goodness; and upon other plays, and scarcely atoned what can be more properly attractive! for by his truly classic illustråtions of In Miss Farren we behold not only & Brulus, Coriolanus, Hamlet, Lear, virtuous, sensible, and amiable woman, and Macbeth. The transformed but that splendour of private worth “ Tempest” commanded fifteen repemade still more valuable by herchiefest titions. Miss Farren contributed pleasure and attention being em- much to the success by her admirable ployed in fulfilling the duties of a and naive acting in Dorinda, an child, to render her mother's life amusing, but utterly unjustifiable extruly happy.” The compliment is la- crescence conceived by Dryden. How boured in expression, bu treads as if completely is the poetic desolation of sincere in feeling. Perhaps Wilkin- Prospero destroyed by giving him any son found the fair subject not as companion except the infant Miliberal as she was attractive. Dra- randa. matic potentates and their exotic On the 4th of July, 1791, the last anxiliaries often fancy that each tries performance took place at old Druryto overreach the other. The mana- lane, Garrick's theatre, which was ger is apt to think that the "star" then pulled down to be rebuilt on the exacts more than the lion's share of same site. Originally constructed by the plunder ; while the star inclines Christopher Wren, in 1674, it was to view the manager as a three-handed worn out by long service, and had as well as a three-headed Cacus, who undergone several alterations and levies undue toll on his or her fairly- repairs; but no absolutely new earned honorarium and success. Tate theatre had been erected for one hunWilkinson says of Mrs. Jordan that dred and twenty years. Holland was she was an angel on the stage and in employed as architect of the projected social intercourse, but a very Shylock edifice, and in the meantime the in driving a bargain. On the other side, company acted at the Opera House two of the most respectable of asso- in the Haymarket. They opened on ciated managers were familiarly mis- the 22nd of September with an innamed Peachum and Lockit. But cidental prelude, written by James euch suspicions and mistrusts are not Cobb. It was not printed, being so confined to or characteristic of thea- exclusively ephemeral, and applicable trical practice alone. Gay's satire is only to the occasion. Cobb, during as sweeping as it is pungent. We twenty-four years continued to get hope for the honour of human nature as many drainatic pieces acted-all that his view is coloured beyond the long buried in oblivion except “The truth when he makes Jonathan Wild, Haunted Tower," "The Siege of thief and thief-taker, as Peachum, Belgrade," and "Paul and Virginia," sing thus :

which are still alive, and have merit “ Through all the employments of life

above par. His first theatrical effort Each neighbour abusez his brother;

was a prologue for Miss Pope's Jade and rogue they call husband and benefit, in 1773, which he sent to her wife;

anonymously. When submitted to All professions be-rogue one another : Garrick, he praised it highly, and The priest calls the lawyer a cheat,

even suggested some slight alterations The lawyer be-knaves the divine; And the statesman, because he's so great, piqued himself upon his skill in

-a great compliment from one who Thinks his trade is more honest than compounding prologues and epilogues. mine."

“ Poor Old Drury," Cobb's Prelude, In 1789-90 Kemble committed high had considerable liumour. It was suptreason against the Bard of Avon, by posed to be represented by the actors reviving "The Tempest” with Dry- in their own persons. Palmer and den's monstrous interpolations, adding Barrymore began, and after lamenting also a few of his own, and calling the distresses of Wrighten, the prompthem Shakespeare's. The days of ter, gave a ludicrous description of overwhelming decoration and ma- the removal of the scenery from one ehinery had not yet arrived, but the house to the other. The ocean was rage for mutilating the immortal text washed away by a shower of rain, was still in all its deadly activity. and the clouds were obliged to be This was Kemble's first sin in that transported under an umbrella. Alexwise, frequently committed again ander's triumphal car was smashed to pieces by a hackney coach at the ment of a British audience. Harlecorner of St. Martin 's-lane ; and the quin lamented his disinisjon, but jarvey, being blamed for the accident, thought he would soon be wantel, insisted that he was on the right nevertheless, and gave the audience a side, and that Mr. Alexander, if he parting proof of his magic power, pleasel, might take his number! He struck the scene, which rose, and \righten next entered, Lewailing his formed a view of Mount Parnas-118, embarrassinents, and his departure with Apollo and other mythological from old Drury. He was called deities. The Muses appeared in suc: for hy a dozen at a time, who required cession, and the prelude concluded his instructions as to what they wereto with a grand chorus. do. A compliment was bere intro. After a few nights, the “Trip to duced to Miss Farren. The call boy Scarborough" was given, in which sbouted out that Miss Farren wanted Miss Farreu and Mrs. Jordan appeared the prompter. “It can't be," ex- together as Berinthia and 1168 claimed Wrighten;"everybody knows lloyden. Our heroine also acted that Miss Farren never wants the tante to, John Kemble's Don prompter."

Felir. The latter must have been a Parsons then came on in a race, heavy illustration of comic jealousy. and vowed he would never appear in But at Christmas, feeling the want comedy again. Tragedy was his vein, of the usual pantomime, the man en and tile managers should not buily were driven to a miserable substitute hiin out of it, as he was determined in the shape of a grand procession of to be hard. Here he roared aloud ; the Hundred Knights of ('hivalry, and Phillimore, from the gallery, and the reprerentation of a Mediaval called to him not to strain his lungs Tournament. This furado was actul in bellowing like a bull, as he could forty nights, and showed how little hear him perfectly well. The audience, dependence could be plaerd on the not understanding that this was a part "sterling merit of the British Drama," in the piece, hi-sed por Phillimore and and the taste of the public. The two cried," throw him over," for what principal heroes fought on horseback, they considered an impertinent inter which was conridered at that time a ruption. Wewitzer, as a French mighty feat. The large theatre in dancing-master, devoted to the classic the Haymarket was mirably models proposed that, accurding to adapted for eque-trian -pectacles, but the ruk of Monsieur Demosthene, not so well suited to the ordinary action should be chiefly regarder; artists, who were obsed to clevato and therefore, that while Parsıls de their voices in yond the natural pitch, livered the speech, he, Wewitzt, in order to be heard. should embody the sentiments by In January, 1792, 2 trnardy was conformable stures: Ipuin this brought out called "Iluniades," the principle he obyerted to the 11-tal authoring of which, in Hannah practice of starting at the en:rance of Brand, an et entrie ex-uholmi trems the apparition, and inainted on the from Vorwich, with one of the broadpropriety of hormg with gray and est of provimin dialects, and many reverence, as Hamlet knows it to be plivnical deficeneira insined on play. the ghost of his pript! prouind in the hero e .lemondis

, it bring her roars of laughter. Bland came in as first appearaner on any stage. The an Italian singer, derlarin that play was not without morit

, and night nothing but open shouldlae performed have succeeded if Mr. Sillors in that plare ; and he and the French been permitted to as time the princicritic embraced fraterually, arii re- pal character. At the end of an art, tired, oleserving, that dancing and the SI:- Hannah find the altar-table open should always go torther, in plased tuvo far luck, and exclaimei, conteinpt of use and murr. Har "If thetheatre all fail in one molequin, and his usual pantawit al mento4 crach, I would not hesin associates, presented themseives, but until that sacrificial shrine is al. were toid buy Wrighten that there vanred feur imbes" Before the would be no employment for them, as fourth not commenard, she, with the the sterling merit of the British most dignified solemnity, told the drama would, for a reason at least, prompter that she would procred no he fully sufficient for the entertain: further unless he assured her that she might depend on two flourishes ful and elegant style, was opened on previous to her entrance. At the re- the 12th of March, 1794, with a grand hearsal, during a scene of passion, she selection of sacred music from Hanmade an inordinate pause, and when del's works, commencing with the all were in amazement lost, turned Coronation Anthem. The orchestra round with great state, and said, on the stage represented the inside of * Observe, Mr. Wrighten, I have a Gothic cathedral. The house was stopped thus long, that you may re- crowded in every part. The first member at night the time I shall dramatic performance took place on occupy in weeping!" When engaged the 21st of April, consisting of "Macin York, some time after, Wilkinson beth” and “The Virgin Unmasked.” asked her what farce she would choose Long before the curtain rose the aufor her benefit, after the play: “Sir,” dience completely overflowed, to the said she, with a solemn stare, why disappointment of a much greater should I strike the anvil of ny brain number than were gratified with a when there is nothing to hammer view of the superb spectacle which out? I never murder my time in the house presented. It was the thinking of or witnessing such trash.” handsomest, the most commodious But this strange being, with all her and complete theatre that had yet been oddities, hal merit both as an actress erected in the British dominions. and a woman.

prologue written for the occasion by In 1792 and 1793, the Drury-lane General Fitzpatrick was spoken by company, not being able to retain the Kemble. It turned chiefly on the Opera llouse, acted under their own fostering shelter which the freedom patent at Colman's theatre, in the and tranquillity of this country give Haymarket. On the 3rd of February, so happily to the liberal arts; and the 1791, a dreadful catastrophe occurred. erection of that theatre was properly Their Jajesties having commanded represented as a monument to the "Aly Grandmother," " No Song, No genius of Shakespeare, more suitable Supper," and the “ Prize," the crowd

"Than the proud pyramids' unmeaning was so great at the pit door,

mass." when it was opened, that a gentleman was thrown down the stairs. The The tragedy was “ mounted,” to use people pressing forward, others fell a detestable modern phrase, with on him, and were trampled upon by great magnificence of decoration, and those who were still rushing in. The some novelties in management. The groans and screams of the dying and Ghost of Banquo no longer exhibited maimed were heart-rending ; while his gashed throat, and shook his gory those who were literally treading locks at lacbeth, in the banquet their fellow-creatures to death, were scene. The galleries condemned the unable, from the pressure behind, to omission, and shouted to Kemble, recede from the mischief they were * What are you jabhering at an doing. The boilies were carried with empty chair for ?" They clamorously all possible expedition to the neigh- demanded the restoration of the timebouring houses, and every means honoured spectre, in all its familiar used to restore aniination ; but fifteen substantiality, and carriell their point. persons of both sexes were beyond Classical critics thought Kemble in recovery. Among the killed were the right, and approved of his Benjamin Ring, and J. C. Brooke, "bending his eye on vacancy.” We Esars, of the Herald's College. are commonplace enough to differ Nearly twenty others suffered ma- from them. Shakespeare certainly terial injury in bruises, broken arms meant the ghost to be there, and we aud legs, soine of whom survived only think the situation less effective witha day. This melancholy accident out him. Modern mechanical illuwas not madle known to their Majes- sions, not known in 1794, invest the ties until after their return home. shadow now with awful solemnity. Since then no State visit was ever The traditionary high-crowned hats, ventured upon at the little theatre in the laced aprons, and comic dance of the Haymarket.

brooms by the witches, were most judiThe new Theatre Royal in Drury- ciously discarded. They were reprelane, which cost £129,000), being now sented as preternatural hags, in mysinternally completed in a inost taste- tical garb. llccale's companion spirit

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