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Wherewith they passed into a The next manifestation was prolarger room, where already the fussy digious. Half-a-dozen Indies were mistress of the “ mansion". as in raised from the floor about half-way Brighton they call a lodging-house-- towards the ceiling; and there, hand had assembled an elegant crowd of in hand, they were whirled round in a ladies and gentlemen in full dress. vertiginous dance, their ample clothThe Professor sank into an easy chair ing producing a miniature hurricane. in the corner. Spiridion brought to Next, a pretty little girl was seen to his side a small table, on which he walk up the wall like a fly, and walk placed the magnesium lamp and a across the ceiling from one end of the silver censer. Then the Greek com- saloon to the other; the attraction menced to tell the assembly -- but of gravitation being so completely especially the ladies-that he could suspended that her long hair hung not be responsible for the character upwards toward the ceiling. of the séance; that it must entirely I need not multiply phenomena, depend upon them; that if they were for which I am dependent on Guy nervous they had better go away; Luttrel's testimony. The masterthat whatever happened, he could spirit among the unseen visitors benot stop the proceedings till they came rather rough towards the end came to a natural or preternatural end of the séance, kissed two or three
" Now, ladies," he said, by way of young ladies of the party with conperoration, "are you afraid! Shall siderable effusion, anil wound up the we go on 1"
proceedings by taking the mistrexs of The vote being unanimously affirm- the house, a stout lady of about fifteen ative, he took from bis pocket a stone, up to the ceiling, and keeping gold box, and from the box a large her there so long that she exclaimedpastille. This he ignited ; then, "Oh, let me down! let me down", leaning back in his clair, he closed Professor Odysseus subsequently his eyes, and seemed to sleep. The informed Guy Luttrel that the invisiyoung page stood behind him, un- ble influence was a young gentleman moved as a statue.
much given to music and furtation, There was silence for about five who had frequented -- mansion, minutes. Then a grand piano which and was very popular there; and who stood in the room was ftung open, and lately had joined the diplomatic serone of Mende «sohn's songs without vice, as attaché at Copenhagen. words was plıyou in masterly fa- When the charivari had ceased, shion. Goy Luttrel noticed that Luttrel said to the Professor two or three young ladies exchanged ** There seems no reply to my quesglances, very much as if they knew tion." the player's style. He also observed "Let us see," said Odysseus. that the air seemned suddenly chilled. Sheets of paper, with quills and
But all the time he was concen- ink, had been placed on a centre trating his will upon a certain ques- table, in case the visitors should be tion which he intensely desired to writing, instead of waltzing, spirits. ask and to have answered.
Luoking among these they found a Presently a young lady rose from sentener in feminine handwriting, the her chair, and began to waltz round ink stil wet. the sales as if with an invingine part- "Is it Cassandra or Le Normand ?" ner, the plane supplying gratuitous asked Okiyaseus. music. The pair w.us tremendous, This was the sentence, four words and the poor girl was regularly done only, which an-wered the question up when she returned to her seat. that perpered Guy Luttrel
After an interval another young “SHE WILL KILL HIM." lady was caught apparently by the “Egu" thought be. "that would waist, and litted close to the ceiling be cutting the Gordian knot." -a tolerably lofty one. There are any reader think this chapter flevated gracefully, just long enough "atranzer than fiction," I beg to say for Guy tu admire her symmetrical that it is word. for word what Guy ankles
Luttrel told Lady Vivian next morn. ** Tisa hyperlwlical fiend," thought in a they were driving to the Devil's Luttrel, “and cares for bothing but Dyke. The land had gone to lunch Imies."
with Mr. dente.
“ The man who drinks beer, thinks beer."--Dr. Johnson.
Copse Hill is a small scattered vil- him with suspicion. The other was lage, a few miles from Riverdale. It a curious mixture of lout and knave; takes its name from its common, a fellow dressed in a smock frock, which rises in its midst, a very re- with corduroys and leather gaiters; spectable hill, crowned with two in whose eye craft and imbecility groups of trees. From this hill you seemed to hold a perpetual struggle can see a good many miles every way: for the mastery. A pint mug of fourRiverdale, smoke-veiled, with the penny ale stood before him, and he ruined castle rising above it-the was smoking vile tobacco from a long court, amid its mighty oak-trees--the clay pipe. great house of Mauleverer, high above Both these men were discharged the surrounding plain-are all visible servants from Mauleverer. Louis from Copse Hill. The village con- Chartier had been Hugh the younger's tains the houses of a few retired valet ; Giles Spindlo had been an doctors and tradesmen ; the best under-keeper. Hugh had found each waggon-builder in the county lives of them out in some misdemeanor at there, bearing the appropriate name about the same time, and had sumof Wainwright -- his forefathers marily turned them off. having doubtless built waggons from Now Spindlo fancied himself the time immemorial; there are two possessor of a great secret. Of course or three shops, and almost as many the terms on which Mauleverer was beer-houses as shops ; and next in held by its present owner were well importance to the little district church known through the county ; but is the chief hostelry, the Seven Stars, among servants and labourers such a pleasantly situate at the foot of the story has always its added circumhill. Its landlord is the chief carrier stances of romance : they imagine from Riverdale to towns and villages things which have no existence, and untouched by the railway. Curiously impute motives which educated minds enough, he is a teetotaler, not by perceive to be absurd. Giles Spindlo, choice, but of necessity.
however, had some foundation for An English wayside inn is very his theories ; his mother, old Betty, picturesque. The Seven Stars had been now almost imbecile and wholly deaf, a coaching-house, had a good farm at- had told a few people that “she seen tached to it, and was well provided Miss Elith run away”-that "she with stabling. Any hour of the day weren't drownded, she knew.” The it was astir. Great waggons loading discharged keeper and valet were and unloading ; farmers on horseback drawn together by community of or in fast traps, stopping for a glass hatred to the man who had discharged of strong ale ; Romany chals with them. Giles revealed his suspicions their nomad tents upon wheels, going to Lewis ; and the astute Frenchman to or from Riverdale's numerous jumped to the conclusion that the fairs ; all the multifarious traffic of a true heir to Mauleverer was ignorant great road leading to London. Any of his or her rights, and would gladly artist who wanted fresh studies of give a noble reward to any one who human nature might do worse than brought the important information. take up his quarters at the Seven But how to find that heir ? Stars, Copse Hill.
Giles had just lighted another pipe In an upper room of this inn, bow- and commenced another mug of fourwindowed, with a pleasant view both penny. Charlie was looking at him up and down the road, two men were with ill-concealed disgust. sitting. One was a Frenchman, evi- “The brute, with his beer and dently. He sipped some weak brandy coarse tobacco ! And such a fool, too. and water, and smoked cigarettes, What am I to do with such a fuol ?” which he made with great rapidity " She weren't drowned, she and skill. A plausible, cunning face weren't," Spindlo broke out. “Old had this man: the most elementary Betty had her eyes about her. She of physiognomists would look upon seen Miss Edith go down to the river, and throw down her hat and Lord Riverdale's hounds met at this cloak, and stop a minute, like as point this morning. The thorough though she meant drownding herself. sportsman on his handsome thoroughAnd old Betty nearly shrieked out, so bred; the retired doctor or lawyer, they tells I."
who wanted to be considered a coun"Well, what next ?" asked the try gentleman, and rode all day in a Frenchman.
funk; the fast shopkeeper from River. “Whoy, she jumped up, and runned dale, on a hired back; the young away, And Betty--that's the old farmer on a clever half-bred; the woman, you know she were a girl old farmer on a cob. These, and many then, I suppose.
Yes,” other classes, were represented. Prehe continued, shaking his head with sently come the bounds - a lady half intoxicated wisdom," the old pack; and the Earl on his favourite woman must have been a girl then. dark chesnut, Sultan; and others of
Well, she runned after the Earl's set, among whom Chartier she, and she jumped through a gap and Spindlo recognized the object of into the road, and there a gentleman their hatred, Hugh Mauleverer. came up to sbe and talked to she." The burly teetotal landlord and
And what did your mother do?" carrier was very busy, bringing to “My mother! Oh, old Betty? various horsemen small glasses of Whoy, she hid herself behind the some alcoholic fluid. Unwise are hedge, and tried to listen but couldn't they who warm their blood in this hear, and then the gentleman and fashion before following the fox. A Miss Edith they walked off arm in rump steak, a single cup of tea, these arm so thick as thieves."
form the best preparation for a hard “ Bah," said Louis Chartier to him- day's hunting. Hugh Mauleverer self. “What am I to do with this was not thus imprudent, but he rode gross man's stupid story? It must up to speak to the landlord. be almost fifty years ago. That old ** Wickens," he said, “there are two Betty is as deaf as a corpse ; but, if chests of plate to be carried from not, she has told all she knows. She Mauleverer to ('outta's. Take them did not know the man who took the up to-morrow, if possible. A couple girl away. There is no trace !" of my men will go with the waggon
And he muttered benenth his breath in case of arcidenta." a string of the curious execrations “Grrrrrr ----," snarled Chartier. in which Frenchmen delight. "Now if this Spindlo were not a
Spindlo called for more beer. drunken fool ; or if my old friend,
"I am a fool-a fool," soliloquized Tessier-Achille Tessier --were in the Frenchman. "Why am I wast. Leicester-square. O Achille! Achille ing time here, and giving this lout the fearless where are you? I will beer and tobacco for no use at all t" go to London at once. I will seek I hate that Hugh Mauleverer, but I Achille. If only he should be there." can't harm him. I hate him." Spindlo bad fallen asleep. Chartier
He uttered the last words aloud. ran down stairs, sneaked out of the
" Hate 'un '" said the ex-keeper. front door, and hurried off towards “Ay, and so I hate 'un. He half broke Riverdale to catch the train. Hugh my arm wi' thik stone he flung at Mauleverer's quick eye caught the me from the terrace ; but what's the expression of his countenance, which good I--us can't harm 'un."
was villanous enough. At this moment the two men were - What a scoundrel that is," aroused by the clatter of hoofe thought Hngh. "I wonder I ever They looked out, and thold, a guy employed him." assemblage of scarlet counts and back thickening before the Seven Stars
LECTURES ON THE SCIENCE OF LANGUAGE.*
A COUPLE of years have elapsed since dealing chiefly with the generalities Professor Muller published his first and philosophy of the subject, he volume on Language--a work which found it necessary to omit much of amplifying the advanced views con- the elementary details of the subject tained in his previous essays, formed now expounded, so that in the order the first popular treatise on the Science of study his last lectures should be in English or any language. Until read before his first issue. Language the last century, as is well known, is a young and crescent science, like most philologists attempted to derive geology, of which the entire world is all languages from the Hebrew, at the domain ; while its principles and which period the discovery of the dialectical varieties may be brought fossil tongue of Northern India, the under survey in any village visited Sanscrit, affording as it did a means by the student; while the more of tracing and claasifying the groups amply the idioms of the most remote of languages now denominated Indo- and barbarous races are examined, European, completely revolutionized the greater will be the light thrown the views of philologists. Somewhat on all.civilized languages, classic or later several books appeared which current, as by their means will be contributed largely to stimulate the elicited those general laws governstudy and place it on a more general ing their formation, whose discovery basis-books such as those of Ade- would elude the efforts of the scholar lung and Hervas, Klaproth, Bopp, &c., who limited his studies to the classic in the first of which many of the Euro- alone. Thus every new contributionpean and Oriental languages, and in from a vocabulary and phrase-book of the second, many of the American and the tongue of the Hawaian islanders to other tongues were vocabularized, and the deciphering of the rock inscripgrammars of several of them at- tions of Persia, the brick writing of tached. While forming materials, Babylon, or hieroglyphics of Egypt, however, they made no pretension to to the idioms of the Samoides, or place this branch of learning on a Pacific islanders-affords materials scientific basis, as they merely ar- for examining the genius and deranged languages geographically, in- velopment of human speech. Hitherto stead of identifying their groups on the scientific domain of the study re. the ground of grammatical similarity; sembled-now a map of the world of for however a language may be- Homer, in which all beyond a district come changed by dialectical regener- of the Mediterranean and Aegean was ation or phonetic decay-and this is doubtful or blauk--now like that of one of the fundamental principles of the Roman Empire, confined to Euthe science--its grainmatical forms rope, Asia, and a part of Africa ; but in reipain intact. The Sanscrit gram- which the remote east and west was mar of Pranioni-a miracle of re- a cloudland or region unrecognised. search, and analogical and analytical At present, however, it embraces the skill-cleared the way toward com- globe, and every year some voyager prehending the original source whence makes public his discoveries in the the successive waves of European most distant points--north, south, speech issued ; and the compara- east, west-and printing presses are tive grammar of Bopp raised the active in Polynesia, Greenland, and first superstructure of the science, to Kaffirland in fixing the forms of the which the labours of Muller have so respective tongues, and tracing the largely contributed.
grammatical construction of speech Muller's first volume-embodying for the generalizing, scientific minds and illustrating the principles of the in the centres of European civilizascience of language-was more in- tion. teresting than the present, as therein Even new theories, subversive of
* By Max Muller. Second Series. Longman. 1864.
the importance of Sanserit, as the and similarity of sound and meaning original of the western tongues, are in words is no proof of their filiation springing up. Thus an essay has ap- whatever. “Sound etymology," says peared, printed at Honoluiu, in which Mr. Juller, “has nothing to do with an attempt is made to trace the Indo- sound; what it now assumes to teach, European languages to the Polynesian, is not that one word is derived from which the writer (Dr. Rae) believes another, but how to prove that one "gives the key to the original func- word was regularly and necessarily tion and whole mechanism of language changed into another.". Proceeding itself." Another writer has lately then to establish his thesis
, he sets discovered that the great collection of himself to prove the following four African languages range under two points-namely, that the same word divisions, the Kaffir and Hottentot, takes different forms in different lanand is of opinion “that while equal guages; and different forms in the same results would attend their study as language, that different words take arose from the investigation of Sans- the same form in different languages, crit, that the origin of grammatical and difierent words the same forin in forms, gender and number, etymo- the saune tongue. logy of pronouns, &c., and many Scientifically viewed, the diffeother questions of highest interest, rence between ancient and modern will find their true solution in South languages disappears. At present the Africa."
principle of distinguishing between The first part of Professor Mal- old and young languages becomes as ler's Lectures refers chretly to the absurd as though botany should place outside of language, ruots, words, and old and young trees in a different their changes, as the second part deals classification. The tree, like huwith their consonant thoughts. One man speech, must be studied as a of the most interesting chapters is whole, from its seed or root, upwards. that on Etymology. Many writers Nothing can be more false than the before Voltaire, who sarcasticaliy view which regards modern lancalled etymology the science in which guaves as exhibiting merely the decay the vowels count for nothing, and the and corruption of the ancient. The consonants for harlly anything, had one is now as vital as the other once nevertheless attempted, by forming Was; and each throws a reciprocal analogical Formularies, to trace the light upon their respective formation relation of the langua.ms of mo- and growth. Thus the group of dern Europe to the latin; but though Romance dialects afford the most they occasionally lit on an obvious valuable existing evulence in this retruth, being without any derivative spect. If, for example, the origin of test or scientifir method, much as is now a word or of a grammatical form possible since the rise of comparative is doubtful in the French, it is cleared philoloxy, they, nine times out of ten, up by a reference to the Italian or ran into the most award mistakes. Spanish; whereas in the study of Thus in Periuti's "Dainue on the Greek, Latin, or Sanscrit, it is only Origin of the French Language," we now pawible to apply inductive reafind brebis, a sheep, derivent, not from mining. It is in modern languages the Latin murer, but the Greek that the most ample means exist of probeton; enrower, frvun puspen; tracing the interchan, ability of guthereus, from ourwe; bunheur, from tural and labial tenues, of watching bona hora, malheur, from mala honi, the secret growth of new forms. Mo&c. ; whereas the latter word, whose dern dinlecer, in sbort, let out the gender is feminine, not masculine, secrets of language, and elicit the was written mal unr in old Fruncis, & mpie means by which the entire meaning malum aqur wb_u- struture ir erected. rium itself beinz derived from ar, a The same etymological principle bird, and your, te se's-11nre led wites appelta pqualiy to the form and meangarnire, and the Seitet gr, to not work If, considering the shout. Such were the atteinte mit ki. :wa niatan between Sanxerit and current beture the linginn. of ti.rs tie Euruan tongues, we were told presenteentury, when it ti'at belthit the wont which meant good in Bomething of a skrutifo foumi, au Saneerittneunt had in Greek, we when it was die eeu(tat identity would be disposed to doubt, yet it is