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cient kings. The extensive work of could call the sun and moon gods, the Abbê Banier is entirely founded they must have formed in their minds on this latter principle ; and to the some abstract idea of a god. The first sume school belongs Bochart, who re- phase was religion ; the secom, in cognizes under the names of the old which adoration was paid to ti.c Greek deities many of the personages physical representation - idolatos. of the Old Testament. Though, how- That conceptions of a higher ordi, ever, scholars perceived the inade- unconnected with mythology, were quacy of those three explanations, general, is evident from many they admitted that some parts of the the old Greek and other poets ; and Greek mythology might possess a though Homer, as Herodotus say. moral, some a physical, some an bis- made the bistory of the gods for the torical meaning; and it was not until Greeks the divine ideal of Deity, as the discovery of Sanscrit that a new the Omniscient and Omnipotent Being and truer light was thrown upon the is expressed several places in his question, -the ascertained analogy verses. Alluding to the general exexisting between the vocabulary and istence of a higher deitific conception grammar of the Indo-European group among the ancients than would apof languages having a reflective action pear to those who judge merely by on the ancient mythology impossible their mythology, Professor Duller ineven to the ancients themselves. To stances the words of St. Paul, at understand the meaning of the names Athens :-“For as I passed by and of the Greek gods it is necessary that beheld your devotions, I found an the spirit of investiration should not altar with the inscription, "To the be limited to Greece, but ein brace the Cnknown God.' Wbom, therefore, ye languages of cognate origin. “No ignorantly worship, him I declare sound scholar, indeed," says Pro- unto you." And it is in this Chriy. feswor Mulier, “ would ever think of tinn spirit be goes on to say that we tieriring any Gretk or Latin wird onzht to study the ancient rigen from Sansirit. Sansetit is not the of the world, not as independent of mother of Greek and Latin, as Latin Goul, as the work of evil spirits, as is of French and Italian. Sanrerit, the early Christian writers belu-Greek, and Latin are nisters, varieties mere idolatry, devil worship, or of one and the same type. They faney, but as a preparation in the point to some earlier stage when they education of the human race, to whom were les different from each other "a fulness of time was to come." than they are now, but no more." The further back in time our inseOne of the great olastacle, which has tigations reach, the purer, he think, eristed in tracing mythologies to conceptions of Deity become; and ti: their source has arisen from our history of religion and language ling ignorance of the Vedic literature intimately connected, he proceeds to the Vedie, which stands in the same enter upon a philadexical analysis of relation to the early Arian mytho. the early Indian, Greek, Roman, and logy, as Homer to that of Greece, re. Gothic names for lived, in which !.. mains as yet untranslated. An ac- shows that the Sanxerit Dyans, ti. quaintance, as we have said, with the Arian goud - means simply day, f.. original meaning of the names of the mnament, and merely indrative of gouls contained in this work would nature worship becaine spiritualized lead to the elucidation of the later among the Jews and the Greeks, who thengines ench names are uved as by this name understood the Supreme proper appel...tives, and thrine as Being -- not the sky, visible or popnouns. Thus Agni, one of the chili ln. sonified. dian deities, mean fire; Vaya, wird ; In the ninth lecture, on the Mytis Privhivi
, earth ; Sarenya, dawn, &c of the Dawn-a subject previ vurdy In his previous lectures Protermis treated of by Profesar Mulier in one Muller showed that mythologies kind of his enxays, he exhibits his tisual their origin in an atfertion and dis- prostound lingual a quirements all order of language, and in the prowent extensive reach of hig, hn he enters larvly upon this puinzert. Klarwhite; but perhaps in a coupe
A broad distit.ction must be dawn of instanike ne for cumple, w bien between the religion of the anezente le attempts to tur tie miere of
wythology Before a fare Try to the early lulan fany of the
siege of the East by the Solar Powers, vast amount of materials indeed prehe has been hurried too far by his viously existed, constituting a subphilological enthusiasm.
tratum for the structure, but lying The conclusion of the volume is about in an incohate and disorderly devoted to the examination of the condition. To the investigations of influence of words on thoughts-a the professor are due the discoveries theme of many metaphysicians, and on which this initiatory science now in indicating the manner in which he rests-namely, that the growth of believes the science of language may language is of an organic nature, the be useful to philosophers. Much result of physical laws, that its primacumen is displayed in his inquiry itive elements are monosyllabic roots, into the meaning of knowing and of two orders—the one embodying believing. Knowledge is either the general ideas, the other relative; that result of sensuous impression, as in as such idea - representative roots the case of a dog knowing its master, multiply, new modifications and comor of general relational conceptions, binations are formed by laws special as when we recognise the form of a to each family of language, each triangle, or of faith, as when man group of which, however mixed in says he knows God. The latter, their vocabulary, are capable of being though neither furnished by impres- relegated on the unalterable basis of sions of sense or the deductions of grammatical structure. To originate reason, possesses an inner ground of a system, distinguished by subtlety, evidence superior to both. Terms like comprehensiveness, truth, with rethose of infinite and finite are essen- spect to any of the leading subjects tially negative, though the true idea of human thought, requires the highwhich is positive appreciable by est order of genius, and especially in faith merely. Atoms, imponderable the case of one of so complex a nabodies, or other words used in science, ture as language--a science, which, as are similarly devoid of philosophical it develops in the hands of its originaccuracy. Until a late period caloric ator and his succeedents, seems calwas used to express real matter ; but culated, while throwing a valuable this idea is now exploded, heat being illustrative light on several of the recognised as molecular and ethereal physical sciences, and that of history, vibrations; in the same way ether is to advance still more than several of still spoken of as an elastic medium, the former, the progress of national though in reality an abstraction-á intercommunication, and its results, quality changed into a substance-a civilization. As Professor Müller's myth." While used in the latter sense late series of lectures is exclusively for purposes of philosophic specula- devoted to the Aryan, we may anticition, little harm can result, the error pate an equal interest attaching to will begin when language mistakes a those which may follow, treating of word for a thing, and as in the case the Semitic and Turanian languages, of the heaven being called Zeus, God, as his investigations will thus reach the nomen for its numen.
up to the more primitive condition of To Professor Müller belongs the man--the earlier forms of human high merit of having elevated phi- speech. lology into the region of science. A
EIN JEKYL MARLOWE AT THE PLOUGH INN, The pretty little posting station, don't stand at the door there, bang known as the Plough Inn, on the it-come in, can't you l and let me Old London-road, where the Stern- hear what you say." dale-road crosses it, was in a state of So Mrs. Jones, with a simpering fuss and awe, at about five o'clock bashfulness, delivered her bill of fare on a fine sharp October evening, for off book. Sir Jekyl Marlowe, a man of many The baronet was a gallant English thousand acres, and M.P. for the gentleman, and came of a healthy county, was standing with his back race, though there were a "beau" to the fire, in the parlour, whose bow and an archbishop in the family : window looks out on the ancient he could rough it good-humoreilly thoroughfare I have mentioned, over on beefsteak and port, and had an the row of scarlet geraniuns which accommodating appetite as to hours. beautify the window-stone.
" That will do very nicely, my " Hollo!" cried the baronet, as the dear, thank you. You're just the bell-rope came down in answer to an same dear hospitable little rogue I energetic but not angry pull, and he remember you--how long is it, by received Mrs. Jones, his hostess, who Jove, since I stopped here that day, entered at the moment, with the dis- and the awful thunderstorin at night, mantledd bell-handle still in his hand don't you recollect and the whole "At my old tricks, you see, I've house in such a devil of a row, egad been doing you a mischief, hey! but And the baronet chuckled and leered, we'll srt it right in the bill, you know, with his hands in his pockets. How devilish well you look! wonder- ** Three years, by Jove, I think ful girl, by Jove! (ome in, my dear, eh?" and shut the door. Not afraid of me. "Four years in August last, Sir I want to talk of ducks and mutton Jekyl," she answered, with a little chops. I've had no luncheon, and I'm toss of her head and a courtesy, awfully hungry," said the comely " Four years, my dear-four devils: baronet in a continued chuckle. Is it possible; why upon my life it
The baronet was, by that awful has positively improved you." And red-bound volume of dates, which is he tapped her cheek, playfully, with one of the melancholy drawbacks of his finger. " And what o'clock is it ?** aristocracy, spt down just then, and he continued, looking at his wateh, by all whom it might concern, aseer. “just five. Well, I suppose you'll tainable to be precisely forty-nine he ready in half an hour eh, my years and thrre months old; but m dear ?" well hai he worn, and so cleverly was “ Sooner, if you wish, Sir Jekyl.". he got up, that he might bave prasmed “No, thank you, dear, that will for little more than forty.
do very nicely; and stay," he aided, He was similing, with very white with a pluck at her pink ribbon, as teeth, and a gay leer en pretty Mrs. she retreated : "you've sume devilish Jones, an old friend, with black eyes good puurt here, inless it's all ontand tresses, and pink cheeks, who old Lord Hogwala mtock chi''. bore her five and-thirty years as well More than two duzenleft, Sir Jekyl. almost as be did his own burtben. Would you pleamp wome!" The slanting autumnal sun became * Yon've hit it, you wicked little her, and she nitapered and courtesleed conjurer--a bottle ; and you must and blushed the best she could. give me a few minutes after dinner,
"Well, you pretty little devil, what and a cup of coffee, and tell me all can you do for me. hey! You know the news ch!" vero al fruids - hey! What have The barvnet, standing on the therart
u got for a buty fetion ! and farr hearth ruig lestokeol wmziaky na
it were through the panels of the years ago, by Jove, too. How could shut door, after the fluttering cap of I be such an ass ?" his pretty landlady. Then he turned And he counter-marched, and twirlabout and reviewed himself in the sea- ed on his heel into his old place, with green mirror over the chimney-piece, his back to the fire, and chuckled and adjusted his curls and whiskers with asked againa touch or two of his fingers' ends, “How the plague could I be such and plucked a little at his ample silk a fool ?" necktie, and shook out his tresses, And after some more of this sort with his chin a little up, and a saucy of catechism be began to ruminate simper.
oddly once more, and said he-But a man tires even of that pros- "It's plaguy odd, for all that." pect; and he turned on his heel, and And he walked to the window, and, • whistled at the smoky mezzotint of with his face close to the glass, tried George III. on the opposite wall. in vain to see the gay stranger again. Then he turned his head, and looked The bow-window did not command out through the bow-window, and the road far enough to enable him to his whistling, stopped in the middle see any distance; and he stuck his of a bar, at sight of a young man hat on his head, and marched by the whom he espied, only a yard or two bar, through the porch, and, standing before the covered porch of the little upon the road itself, looked shrewdly inn.
in the same direction. • This young gentleman was, it seem- But the road makes a bend about ed, giving a parting direction to some there, and between the hedge-rows of one in the door-way. He was tall, that wooded country the vista was slender, rather dark, and decidedly not far. handsome. There were, indeed, in With a cheerful air of carelessness his air, face, and costume, that inde- Sir Jekyl returned and tapped on the scribable elegance and superiority bar window. which constitute a man “distinguish- “I say, Mrs. Jones, who's that ed looking."
good-looking young fellow that went When Sir Jekyl beheld this par- out just now ?” ticularly handsome young man, it was “The gentleman in the low-crowned with a disagreeable shock, like the tap hat, sir, with the gold-headed cane, on a big drum, upon his diaphragm. If please ?". any one had been there he would have “Yes, a tall young fellow, with witnessed an odd and grizzly change in large dark eyes, and brown hair.” the pleasant baronet's countenance. - That will be Mr. Strangers, Sir For a few seconds he did not move. Jekyl.” Then he drew back a pace or two, “Does he sleep here to-night ?" and stood at the further side of the “Yes, sir, please.” fire, with the mantel-piece partially “And what's his business ?" between him and the young gentle- "Oh, dear! No business, Sir Jekyl, man who spoke his parting directions, please. He's a real gentleman, and all unconscious of the haggard stare no end of money." which made Sir Jekyl look a great “I mean, how does he amuse himdeal less young and goodnatured than self ?" was his wont.
"A looking after prospects, and This handsome young stranger, old places, and such like, Sir Jekyl. smiling, signalled with his cane, as it Sometimes riding and sometimes a seemed, to a companion, who had fly. Every day some place or other.” preceded him, and ran in pursuit. “Oh! pencils and paint-boxes-
For a time Sir Jekyl did not move eh?" a muscle, and then, with a sudden "I aven't seen none, sir. I can't pound on the chimney-piece, and a say how that will be.” great oath, he exclaimed
Well, and what is he about; "I could not have believed it! where is he gone; where is he now?" What the devil can it mean?" demanded the baronet.
Then the baronet bethought him-- “What way did Mr. Strangers go, “What confounded stuff one does Bill, just now?” the lady demanded of talk and think, sometimes ! Half the boots, who appeared at the moment. inatter dropt out of my mind. Twenty "The Abbey, ma'am."
“The Abbey, please, Sir Jekyl." wooded hollow by the river, where
"The Abbey-that's Wail Abbey the ruin stands. Two old white -eh! How far is it?"
stone, fluted piers, once a doorway, “How far will it be, Bill?" now tufted with grass, and stained * "Taint a mile all out, ma'am.” and worn by time, and the style built “Xot quite a mile, Sir Jekyl." up between
“A good ruin--isn't it?" asked the "I know, of course, there's nothing baronet.
in it; but it's so odd-it is so derilish "Well
, they do say it's very much odd. I'd like to know all about it," said out of repair; but I never saw it my- the baronet, picking the dust from Belf, Sir Jekyl.".
the fluteing with the point of his Neither did I,” said Sir Jekyl. walking cane. “Where has he got, “I say, my good fellow, you can I wonder, by this time?" So he point it out, I dare say, from the mounted the style, and paused near steps here?"
the summit to obtain a commanding Ay, please, Sir Jekyl."
view. "You'll have dinner put back, Sir- "Well, I suppose he's got among please, Sir Jekyl l''asked Mrs. Jones. the old walls and rubbish by this
" Back or forward, any way, my dear time. I'll make him out; he'll break child. Only I'll have my walk first." cover.",
And kissing and waving the tips And he skipped down the style on of his fingers, with a smile to Mrs. the other side, and whistled a little, Jones, who courtesied and simpered, cutting gaily in the air with his cane though her heart was perplexed as he went. with culinary solicitudes "how to But for all he could do the same keep the water from getting into the intensely uncomfortable curiosity trout, and prevent the ducks of over pressed upon him as he advanced. roasting," the worthy baronet, fol. The sun rank behind the distant hills Inwed by Bill, stept through the leaving the heavens flooded with a porch, and on the ridge of the old discoloured crimson, and the faint highroad, his own heart being oddly silver of the moon in the eastern shy disturbed with certain cares which glimmered coldly over the fading had given him a long respite; there landscape, as he suddenly emerged he received Bill's directions as to the from the hedged pathway on the rich route to the Abky.
mearlow level by the flow river's It was a clear fronty evening. The brink, on whieh, surrounded by lofty red round son by this time, near the timler, the ruined Abbey stands. horizon, looked as if a tal man a The birds had come home. Their the summit of the western hill might vesper song hai sunk with the setting have touched it's enige with his fingere, sun, and in the rad solitude of twiThe barvnet looked on the declining light the gray ruins rose dimly before luminary as he buttoned his loose him. coat across his throat, till his eyes "A devilish good spot for a pic-nie!" were almost daur'd, thinking all the said be, making an erort to reover time of nothing but that handsome his usual agreeable vein of thought young man; and as he walked on and spirits. briskly towarl the Abby, he saw So he looked up and about him, little pale bon suns dancing along and jauntily marched over the swand, the road and wherever else his eyes and walked along the line of the gray were turned.
walls until he found a doorway, and “I'll see this fellow face to fare, began his explorations, and talk a bit with him. I dare say Through dark passages, up broken if one were near be's not at all so stairs, over grass-grown piles of rub. like. It is devilish odd though; bish, he peeped into all wirts of rooftwenty-five years and not a relation on lers chainbere
. Everything was silent earth and deal - hang him! Fiad, and settling down into night. At Hs like the Wandering Jew, and the last, by that narrow doorway which what do you call 'em, rita. Ay, bere in such busings so oddly gives en
trance here and there into vust apartHe paused for a moment looking menta, he turned into that grand at the pretty style which led a little chamber, whose stone floor rests on the jut's way across the fills to the vau!. Death; and there the lar.net