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amounts to appards sá 110601, and after coast, even in Dublin, the price to the lapse of seven months tieze vas EA 21 the consumer is much too large, from offence to be investigated for each of these the want of enterprise among immonths. It may be said that this extraordinary decline in crime mer te bere fuel is one of the chief wants,

porters; and throughont the country, extent, be attributed to the spärit of the people being subdued by the poverty and and especially in places eligible for hardships to which they have beza sabjectes manufactures but deficient in waterthrough the fall in the value of agricultural po it, the price of coal puts it produce; but there is no d att that there is beguid the ability of the people a wonderful improvement in the minds of to use it for domestic purposep, the peasantry, caused by the beautits of or manufacturers to employ it, elucatiun. Julgek.ziais klaring even in aid of water, as a means of the įurs, expats seit 196 working Incalculable service would this a'most total cessing of crime bald le rendered to the Irish public if a continue; while, at the same time, be wished that a contrast to the existing state company, with a sufficiently largo of things should be fcant in the civil busi- capital and extended plan of operiness of the county, an! trat there would tolle, were to establish a numerous be some records for ualettise toxt Assza. fieet of screw steamahip colliers beWhat used to be the pen of i paxtary? tien Dublin and two or three other Its name was former.y almost a synonym Iriah ports, and the English coalfor blood, terrorism, and violence: aves exporting harbours, and by means of so late as the San A2 of 1-4*. there deposts at every principal railway were in the gaol « the North Riing 132 prisoners , no less than twenty-threr anarzed of all claus, in both rural and urban

station, place the coal within reach with munler, and nine with conspirary to murder. And we can recolat wla thirty

diatricta, at a moderate, and as nearly one cells in the saine zal were occupied try as possible throughout the year, unprisoners all charged with the oftence of varying price per ton. It need hardly murder."

be said that this undertaking would re

turn a large profit, and at a time when It has been urged in an earlier men are puzzling their brains to striko paragraph that the first step towards out new and feasible projecte, it is à solid improvement must be the strange indeed that it should have willing adoption by the farmers of been so long neglecte I. Persons in the "new system,” rendered necessary the coal trade who have made a busiby the importation of ture za corn at neas in the old jogtrot way will see, a price with which they could hardly of course, a thousand difriculties in compete even if they paid no rent at such a project, the favourite objecall, no matter what changes in the tion being the cost of storage in size of farms, or displacements of Dublin and the other seaports. But population that system may involve; it ought certainly to be cheaper to and the next inquiry is how Ireland's keep coal stored under sheds, where “ meat manufacture" can be supple- it would need no attendant but a mented by manufactures more watchman, than to retain the old properly so called. It is known to wooden tubs which labour across the close observers that she is stealing Channel with such unpunctual tardiinto manufactures, but with slow ness, as floating stores, and pay a steps. The question of greatest mo- corps of seamen wages whilst the ment is how this movement can be process of retail selling is going on. promoted. The writer will not be It is matter for surprise that the supposed to allude, in the use of the leading Irish railway companies, last word, to any “patriotic” attempt which are complaining of a decline to induce the people to prefer home- of traffic, have not endeavoured to made goods. There is no danger now effect some combination with the of Irislımen falling into the old follies owners of the coal-fields, which would on that subject. But Irish manu- lead to a vast increase of the confactures may, nevertheless, be pro- sumption of the produce of the mines, inoted, as it appears to us, in several and give their railways remunerativo ways. First, by introducing coal employment. Possibly in this matter into the country at a cheaper rate as in others, Irish railway directors than at present. The coal trade in are so blind to their own interests as to Ireland is in a most unsatisfactory crush enterprises by prohibitory rates, state. In large seaports on the east To show the wisdom with which such companies are sometimes managed, Devonshire, Lord Donoughmore, it may be remarked that one of them Lord Stanley, the Hon. F. Levesonlately sought to charge the same per Gower, Mr. Lowe, Sir Rowland Hill, ton for the carriage of a certain class Mr. Roebuck, and Messrs. Horsfall, of goods seven miles, for which an- Dalgleish, Glynn, Acton Smee other was willing to carry the same Ayrton, Douglas Galton, and Robineighty miles.

son M‘Lean, has authority to inquire This reference to railways in Ire. into the whole subject of the charges land naturally recalls to inind the made for the conveyance of passenfact that a strong feeling exists with gers and goods on the railways of regard to their manageinent-a feel. Great Britain and Ireland, and the ing which found expression lately in practicability of reducing such charges a petition to Parliament, adopted by with a due regard to safety, punethe Limerick Grand Jury, and pre- tuality, and expedition"--80 that the pared and strongly advocated by Mr. case of Ireland will be considered, Consell, P., and the most practical and will probably be regarded as proprietors of that county. In this claiming first attention. Mr. Galt, in document the ill success of many his work on Railway Reform,* puts Irish lines, and the comparatively the reasons in favour of a Govern. small service they render to the trade ment scheme thus compactly : of the country, were very properly referred to high charges, and the

"The purchase of railways by the State want of a concentrated management.

does not necessarily involve either GovernPages might be filled with facts ment management or patronage; it may be

a matter for discussion whether it would be showing how enterprise is arrested desirable to have the head of the departby the conflict of rival lines which ment a Minister of the Crown, removable have it in their power to crush it on any change of administration, or have Let it suffice to say, that the most the appointinent permanent, as that of experienced in railway matters in Chairman of the Board of Customs or Ireland, men bred to the business, Excise. The question of patronage would and practically familiar with every not in any case extend beyond a few apr part of the case, declare that the great pointments and could very well be disa fault committed has been that the penised with. If railways become the prior experiment of low fares has never the present inanagement might be neces

perty of the State, no desential change in had a trial. This conviction is steal. sary, and such chanar should be continel 10 ing even into railway board-rooms, these measures necessary to bring the maand several important bodies of direc- napenent under the eficitive atid inmedute tors are at this moment divided upon control of the laginlature. it. The reunely proposed by the "It is a natter of the greatest national Limerick Grand Jury is, that the importance that a larur rruction should I Glovernment should take Irish rail. made in our railway lares and chargrs, the ways into their own hands, trying

amount paid last year exceeding thirty-one first of all with Irish lines the scheme millions sterling, with an annual in rease of of purchase lately moned. There is first-class pazenger can be conveyed sisteen

more than two millions; inastach as a something to be saved fortles! gestion. miles for a penny, in a moderately beaded Ireland has a right to all the advan- train, and a ton of goods or mmerals can lucu tages her ra:lways ought to confer conveyed eight miles for a penny, the present upon her, and if, as experienced per. charts are utterly disproportioned to the sons assert, one-third of the prezent come of eroverzanie; and so far from any mies would pay, no more than that, likelihow ex-ding of their being reduer, in fact, being charged on the Belgian the diretons are rather di pwed to raise lines, it is intolerable that such a them, and a mi-derable rive has taken boon as cheap caninge of cattle and place on some of the great lines within the

last few months goods would be to a poor country * Ina-murh as the credit of the State is should be denied to its people. The superior to that of private credit in the ratio Royal Commission on Kaiiways just of more than four to three, that credit ought appointed, consisting of the Duke of to be made available, as contemplates loy

** Railway Reform: ito Importance and Practirahtlity, considered as affecting the Nation, the shareddlers, anl the Geromeal." By William (all leda: Lang man, 120.

the Act of 1814, for effecting an arrangement of classical instruction to elevate it, is with the shareholders, and reducing the required. This would educate a sturdy fares and charges by at least two-thirds of race of practical-minded men, who their present amount. " Independently of the abstract right of

would prefer the activity and profits the Legislature to deal with all property in of trade to the precarious earnings of the kingdom, there exists on the part of the overstocked professions. It would, in shareholders a desire to have a well-secured time, have an admirable social effect fixed interest for their invested capital in in teaching the Irish people possessed preference to uncertain and fluctuating divi- of a little wealth, or placed in some dends.

station just above their fellows, that “ There would be a great saving effected there is no stain in honourable indusby baving all the railways in the kingdom try, and that the successful manufacunder one consolidated management, and a great benefit conferred on the public by the by his career certainly as much ad

turer or merchant brings to the State adoption of a low and uniform tariff for passengers and goods, &c."

vantage as the well - remunerated

judge, who may have reached the Mr. Galt has a project for making bench by his pliability in politics. the management entirely independent Fewer sons of prosperous traders of the Government. There would be would set up as idle "gentlemen” on a Central Board for England and Ire- a provision hardly sufficient for an land, elective in principle; and to this ancient spinster, and would be found Irish lines would return twelve mem- using their capital as a means of bers. But the matter is not ripe for pushing onward by dint of laborivus detailed discussion. The principle and intelligent effort to some real at stake must first be decided upon. position. It is in the school that One thing, however, seems clear, that these habits must be formed, and Ireland needs railway reform quite as when public opinion has become sufmuch as, if not more than, England; ficiently healthful to produce the right and that a vast deal would be done description of seminary for practical to develop manufactures in the coun- education, it will have also created try, if the rates were lowered to the the feeling by which the social refigure above-mentioned.

form referred to will be brought about. There is but one more considera- This educational modification is hardly tion, in conclusion, the mention of one the Government can do much which appears necessary to complete directly to effect. It is not a quack these notes. No country can flourish scheme of "intermediate education" where there is anything fundamen- that is required to "feed” any college tally wrong in her educational agen- or colleges, but an independent class cies; and in Ireland, whilst the of schools-if founded by individuals training of the poor is admirably on the principle of private adventure provided for, and the upper classes so much the better-aiming at the enjoy only too many University ad- careful preparation of the sons of vantages, the bustling middle classes, professional men, manufacturers, and from which enterprise should obtain respectableshopkeepers, for the higher its recruits, have much to complain of. walks of mercantile life. There is at There are no schools in Ireland but last a demand springing up for such classical schools and poor schools. seminaries, the growth of which, itris This is stated, of course, as a general to be hoped, neither the monastic truth, and the exceptions are really educationíst, on the one hand, nor few. A system of sound English University theorists, on the other, commercial schooling, with just a spice will be able to arrest.

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WHO IS THE HEIR ?

CHAPTER XX.

"Never put your name to an anonymous letter."— J. Wilson Croker. Ax anonymous letter, which is one send anonymous letters, or letters of the greatest nuisances of modern with false signatures." civilization, may be received in two "Don't they? I remember a Privy ways. Sensible men laugh at it; but Councillor who sent an anonymous foolish men, and all women, sensible letter, and betrayed himself by put. or otherwise, permit it to trouble ting his name in the corner of the them. Woman is always at her envelope. But this looks like a weakest where there is any mystery. woman's doing." If there is a secret, she thinks it must "Have you many feminine enemies, necessarily be wicked. Man’s wider Guy ?" inquired Vivian, archly: experience teaches him that secrecy "Really, I don't know. This letis in many cases a necessity; but I ter is evidently the work of a person suspect no woman, except an occa of imperfect sanity. Nobody who sional Lady Palmerston, ever reached knew anything of either you or me this result. An anonymous letter, would waste time on such an attempt sudden and untraceable as a flash of to make mischief. 'Tis an enigma to lightning from a cloudless sky, is to which I have no clue." the feminine mind a painful per- " I suppose the handwriting is not plexity.

recognisable.” But why this dissertation about “All women write pretty much anonymous letters, when a certain alike, except you," said Guy; "and letter which Lady Vivian Ashleigh this is clearly a disguised hand.” had received, and whereof she desired "I don't think my handwriting to take counsel with Guy Luttrel, was would be much admired. I formed anything but anonymous. It was it on papa's theory, that upstrokes signed Lucy Lattrel." It purported and downstrokes should be equally to be from Guy Luttrel's wife! It thick, and the letters as much like had been left at Lord Riverdale's print as possible. I well remeinber residence late on the previous evening how he borrified my earliest governess -80 late that it had not come under by insisting on this principle." Vivian's notice till Sunday morning. "A very good one," said Guy ; Let me do her the justice to say that your love-letters are charmingly it had not rendered her reluctant to legible." go to church.

* And yours are wonderfully sensi. Vivian, throwing herself indolently ble. ['pon my word, Guy, I think I into an easy chair, handed to Guy shall be jealous of that pretty girl this precious production, in which you loved so long ago. You gave her she was warned against marrying a all you had to give, I verily believe." man who had already one wife, the "Ab," he said; “I like to be

Luttrel, of the Lyndhurst scolded. Go on, child. When one temper, had long given up being

sur- has experience of the chill years prised at anything; he glanced care- that are thickening to forty, as lessly through the letter, and then Arthur Clough said, one is perhaps said

a trifle too unwilling to let one's feel“Curious, certainly."

ings be seen; so they are hidden "Can you conjecture who wrote it, under irony or banter ; they are often and with what object 1" she asked. suppressed at the very moment they

"Why, no; it takes me tvo sudden- ought to be uttered. But you know ly. By-and-by, after smoking two or how to forgive this; and--the time three Partagas, I may recollect some will come." lunatic who would do such an absurd "Well," said the lady, with a flit

ting blush, let me ask you if you call woman, of course. Men never this a love-letter."

“Yours,

And she read

glee, proposing at once that there “DEAR Vivian,

should be some one else in the hall, "We shall divide late to-night on so that he might leave his post and the question of the Oolabaaloo war,

follow the bearer of the letter. so don't expect to see me. Ask the

The only communication that earl to send by bearer Memorandum reached Lord Riverdale's house on D, 37. Pleasant dreams.

Monday evening came from Guy

Luttrel himself, in due fulfilment of “GUY."

his promise. Thus it ran :"House of Commons, ten o'clock.” “O subject for a boyish shout! Why, what could you have nicer ?”

O theme for Tennyson or Tupper!

Vivian, the House is counted outlaughingly answered Guy. "I was

Guy Luttrel will have time for supper. full of business--had to speak when Wishy had replied to Washy-na- “ Thanks to this opportune eclipse, turally wanted to know something A dozen bores have found oblivion. about Oolabaaloo. It's a queer place Ice your champagne, but not your lips, apparently, where we've been carry; And smile a welcome, darling Vivian!" ing on an expensive war for a good many years without seeing the enemy. Which careless lines when the lady Could you expect anything more had read, she ordered supper in the poetic or sentimental from the House library, and she and the Earl and of Commons ?”

Guy managed to forget politics for an “You have my orders to write hour or two that night. something more poetical from that A few evenings later, at about prosaic region to-morrow evening. eleven o'clock, Jack Manley, sleepless Will you ?”

as Argus, heard a cab drive to Lord “Of course I will. Meanwhile I Riverdale's door. The bell rang : a have an idea in reference to this well-dressed man, of somewhat foreign letter. What time did it arrive ?" appearance, handed in a letter. Man

“Late at night. The hall-porter ley fancied' he recollected the man's was half asleep, and did not notice countenance--at any rate he recogwhat sort of person handed it in.” nised the address of the letter as

"Most likely," said Guy, “if the being in the handwriting which had writer has an extreme desire to make been shown him. The bearer returned mischief, other letters will follow. to his cab, a hansom. Manley darted Suppose we give the porter a holiday, after it. Lithe and agile, he easily and put some one more wakeful into kept the cab in sight. It turned that lazy-looking chair of his.” into Charles-street, crossed the Hay

"Whom would you put, and what market into Panton-street, pulled up good would it be ?"

at the entrance of a court near Leices“I have the very man for the work. ter-square. Here it was dismissed, He was a sailor for some years, and and the person who left it turned afterwards a member of the detective suddenly into a café. police, and lately he has been in my “I can't be wrong," thought Manemploy as a kind of confidential ser. ley. “That must be the Frenchman vant. Severne, of Riverdale, recom- I remember at Riverdale assizes. I mended him to me. I wanted a man never heard of the fellow's getting whose chief duty would be looking away.”. after other people."

At that moment stalked slowly by “ Can you rely on him ?” asked a stalwart member of the Division. Vivian.

Manley saw at once that he was a "Oh, yes, both morally and men- raw recruit of Sir Richard's army in tally. We'll put him in the hall for blue, from whom no efficient aid a week or ten days; and depend upon could be expected. it there will be some clue to the

“When will your inspector be mystery.”

round ?” he asked. Luttrel's servant called himself "In about half an hour, I should Jack Manley. He was a wiry little think." fellow, tough and rapid, with a quick Manley waited in a state of extreme dark eye that perceived everything. impatience, fearing that the man He took to his new office with great whom he followed might leave the

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